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Dear Teacher:

Welcome to Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands! This teacher’s guide has been
developed to use in conjunction with the Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands
student booklet and the Wetland Wonder Cards. The purpose of the program is
to educate students, residents and visitors about wetlands and water resources
issues and to encourage protection of our natural resources.

The Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands program is targeted for students in grades
4–7 to increase their awareness and respect for our wetlands. The program is
correlated to grades 3–5 and 6–8 of the Sunshine State Standards. It includes a
variety of information, questions, activities, games and web sites to explore.
In addition, we have included a Wetlands Challenge, which contains items
similar to those students could expect to find on the Florida Comprehensive
Assessment Test.

Many other free materials are available from the Southwest Florida Water
Management District and can be ordered online at WaterMatters.org/
publications/. We also offer water resources workshops for teachers. For
additional information, please contact the Communications Department of
the Southwest Florida Water Management District at (352) 796-7211 or
1-800-423-1476 (FL only), ext. 4757, or visit our web site at WaterMatters.org.

Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands


Background....................................................................................................Page 3
Wetland Wonder Cards .............................................................................. Page 4
Wetlands Metaphors...................................................................................Page 5
Exploration 1
Wading Into Our Wetlands .......................................................................Page 6
Exploration 2
Searching Our Saltwater Wetlands ........................................................Page 8
Exploration 3
Finding Out About Our Freshwater Wetlands ..................................Page 12
Exploration 4
Discovering What Wetlands Do ............................................................Page 16
Exploration 5
Becoming Protectors of Our Wetlands .............................................Page 20
Correlation with Sunshine State Standards...................................... Page 22
Wetlands Challenge.................................................................................. Page 24
Answer Keys ............................................................................................... Page 27
2 Additional Resources ............................................................................... Page 29
Background
During the course of Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands, your students will learn
about wetlands in general and about the vital role wetlands play in southwest
Florida. The Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) works
hard to protect our wetlands. The SWFWMD is the regional agency responsible
for managing water resources and maintaining a balance between the water
needs of current and future water users without damaging the environment. The
future of our wetlands depends on all of us working together.

As a teacher, you have a very important role in preparing students to take on


the responsibility of environmental protection. Investing now in our students’
education regarding the protection of our precious natural resources will help to
ensure that when they reach adulthood, they will be responsible citizens who are
actively involved in maintaining a clean and healthy environment. In turn, they
will take on the role of preparing the next generation to continue this important
mission.

The following tips are provided to help you guide your students through the
Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands program. Be sure to read the entire student
booklet, cards and teacher’s guide in preparation for use with your students.

For each exploration:


• Make copies of the Wetland Activity found in this teacher’s guide. Answers
to selected activities are on the following page.
• Read and discuss the exploration presented in the booklet with your students.
• Have students respond to Wetlands Wit and Writing About Wetlands.
• Complete the Wetland Activity.
• Use the Wetland Wonder Cards throughout the program. The cards may be
used in any order that fits your needs.

Other activities:
• As a class, review the vocabulary listed on page 20 of the student booklet.
• Encourage students to use the Internet to surf the web sites included on
page 20 of the student booklet.
• Have students complete the activities presented on pages 17–19 of the
booklet and check their answers, which are on page 22 of the booklet.
• Make copies and administer the Wetlands Challenge on pages 24–26 of this
teacher’s guide.
• Have students complete the Wetland Metaphors activity on pages 12 and 13
of the booklet. Answers are on page 5 of this teacher’s guide.
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Wetland Wonder Cards
These colorful illustrations may be used in any order and will provide your
students with an opportunity to discuss what it really feels like to experience
the different wetlands in our area. Be sure to allow sufficient time to brainstorm
about a particular card so they can visualize what it may feel like to really be
there. You may want to have them work in small groups to encourage more
creative thinking. After a card has been discussed, have students respond to the
“I wonder …” writing prompt.

Wetland Wonder Card 1 Wetland Wonder Card 6


Paddling a canoe through wetlands. An estuary is habitat for waterfowl.

Wetland Wonder Card 2 Wetland Wonder Card 7


A sandhill crane rests in a wet prairie. Exploring nature in the Green Swamp.

Wetland Wonder Card 3 Wetland Wonder Card 8


Finding an epiphyte air plant in a A turtle returns to its nest in a hydric
cypress swamp. hammock.

Wetland Wonder Card 4 Wetland Wonder Card 9


A raccoon searches for food in a Making observations in a cypress
wetland. swamp.

Wetland Wonder Card 5 Wetland Wonder Card 10


A great blue heron wades in a An egret wades in a saltwater marsh.
saltwater marsh.

Wetland Activity Answers

The Wetland Water Cycle (p. 7 of this teacher’s guide): 1-condensation, 2-


precipitation, 3-evaporation, 4-percolation, 5-transpiration

Wetland Creatures (pp. 12–13 of this teacher’s guide): Answers will vary.
Reasonable answers include the following:
alligators: could be found in all of the wetland habitats
river otters: cypress swamp, hardwood swamp, freshwater marsh
whales: would not be found in any of these habitats
rabbits: hydric hammock, wet prairie
bobcats: hydric hammock, wet prairie
fish: cypress swamp, hardwood swamp, freshwater marsh
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Wetlands Metaphors
The center spread of the student booklet contains an activity based on wetland
metaphors. Before students begin the activity, explain the concept of a
metaphor and ask them to provide general examples of their own. Make sure
they grasp the idea before applying it to wetlands. The purpose of this activity is
for students to develop an appreciation and understanding of wetlands through
the power of metaphor, linking the characteristics and natural functions of
wetlands to the familiar realm of everyday life.

Answers to Wetland Metaphors Activity

1 Wetlands act as 5 Wetlands are resting


giant sponges by places for a variety
absorbing heavy of wildlife.
rainfall and releasing
the water very slowly.
This action helps to
SPONGE prevent flooding. BED

2 Wetlands help purify 6 Wetlands support a


and filter water wide diversity of
that passes through wildlife.
them.

FILTER ZOO

3 Wetlands are 7 Food is abundant in


important storage a productive
areas that collect wetland.
rainwater.

PRODUCTIVE
WATER TOWER GARDEN

4 Many recreational 8 Wetlands serve as


activities take place buffers between
in and around fresh and salt
wetlands. water.

PLAYGROUND BARRIER
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Exploration 1
Wading Into Our Wetlands
Wetland Activity: Wetlands Are Wonderful
Directions:
You will learn that wetlands play a very important role in our environment. You
will also learn that there are many kinds of wetlands in our area. Use colored
pencils and crayons to color the illustration of wetlands.

Wetlands are vital to a healthy environment. They


act as reservoirs for storm water and help clean it.
They also provide homes and breeding grounds for birds
and other wildlife. Wetlands truly are wonderful!

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Exploration 1
Wading Into Our Wetlands
Wetland Activity: The Wetland Water Cycle
Directions:
Did you know that the water in a wetland recycles itself over and over again?
It is a process called the hydrologic cycle, or water cycle. The sun serves as the
energy source that causes water to move continuously through many phases.
Study the phases described on the chart. Then use the information to label the
different phases in the illustration of the wetland water cycle.

The Hydrologic Cycle


evaporation vapor created when the sun heats water in lakes,
streams, rivers, oceans, puddles, etc.
transpiration vapor created when plants and trees give off moisture
condensation tiny droplets of water formed when water vapor rises
into the air and cools
precipitation moisture released from clouds in the form of rain, snow,
hail, etc.
percolation downward movement of water through the ground

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5

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Exploration 2
Searching Our Saltwater Wetlands
Wetland Activity: Florida’s Magnificent
Mangroves
Directions:
You have learned that mangroves are important to us. Make a list of several
details about each type of mangrove. For example, you could begin by writing
the word “tree” under each type. Complete each list. Review your lists to identify
common and unique features. Then fill in the blanks on the next page.

Red Mangrove White Mangrove Black Mangrove

tree
___________________ tree
___________________ tree
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Unique Features of a Unique Features of a
Red Mangrove White Mangrove

Unique Features of a
Black Mangrove

Common Features

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Exploration 2
Searching Our Saltwater Wetlands
Wetland Activity: The Wetland’s Fabulous Food
Chain
Directions:
Living things do not exist in isolation in a wetland. They live in a community and
depend on others for survival. Each of the animals and plants in a wetland has a
particular job. They are all part of a food chain, which is made up of those who
produce food and those who eat it. For an example of the food chain in action,
look at the illustration below. A diving bird may eat a shrimp, which had eaten
some algae.

pelican shrimp algae

Here is another example of the food chain.

heron mussels plankton


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Now, create your own wetland’s food chain by
using the previous examples. Then describe it to a
classmate.

Wetland’s Food Chain

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Exploration 3
Finding Out About Our
Freshwater Wetlands
Wetland Activity: Wetland Creatures
Directions:
During this exploration, you learned that a variety of creatures live in freshwater
wetlands. Review the animals commonly found in the five different freshwater
wetlands described in your booklet. Then read the list of freshwater creatures
listed below. Classify each creature by circling the correct habitats. Beware! One
creature doesn’t belong in any of these wetlands.

Freshwater Creature Wetland Habitats

cypress hydric wet


1 swamp hammock prairie
hardwood freshwater
swamp marsh
alligators

cypress hydric wet


2 swamp hammock prairie
hardwood freshwater
swamp marsh
river otters

3 cypress hydric wet


swamp hammock prairie
hardwood freshwater
swamp marsh
whales

4 cypress hydric wet


swamp hammock prairie

rabbits hardwood freshwater


swamp marsh

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Freshwater Creature Wetland Habitats

cypress hydric wet


5 swamp hammock prairie
hardwood freshwater
swamp marsh
bobcats

cypress hydric wet


6 swamp hammock prairie
hardwood freshwater
fish swamp marsh

What kinds of creatures would you expect to find in wetlands that are flooded
most of the year? Why?

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What kinds of creatures would you most likely find in wetlands that are rarely
flooded? Why?

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Exploration 3
Finding Out About Our
Freshwater Wetlands
Wetland Activity: Meet Our Major Wetlands
Directions:
In Florida, wetlands cover approximately 30 percent of the state. Many more
wetlands existed before rapid development took place in many areas of the state.
Look at the map of the major wetland areas in Florida. Draw an “X” to tell where
you live. Then answer the questions on the next page.

1989 Wetlands

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1989 Wetlands
Do you live near any wetlands? _______________________________________

If so, explain why you think they are saltwater or freshwater wetlands.

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Wetlands Prior to 1900


Do you live near any wetlands that existed prior to 1900? __________________

If so, do you think they were saltwater or freshwater wetlands? Explain.

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Exploration 4
Discovering What Wetlands Do
Wetland Activity: Building a Wetland
This is a fun and easy activity that you can do at home. Be sure to take notes on
what you observe during the activity. You can use this activity to teach others
about how wetlands function and how important it is to protect them.

Materials:
• shallow pan
• modeling clay
• strip of indoor/outdoor carpet,
3 inches wide by the width of the pan
• container of clear water
• container of water mixed with sand
• turkey baster

Indoor/Outdoor
Water Carpeting Clay
(body of water) (wetland) (land)

Lasagna Pan or
Clear Plastic
Sweater Box

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Directions:
1. Spread a sloping layer of clay in the pan to represent land. Leave the
other half of the pan empty to represent a body of water.
2. Use the turkey baster to pour clear water over the clay. This represents
rainfall. Observe the results. Then use the baster to drain the water from
the pan back into a container.
3. Place the strip of carpet in the pan as shown in the illustration.
4. Repeat step 2. What was different? Record your results.
5. Remove strip of carpet from the pan.
6. This time, use the turkey baster to pour sandy water over the clay. This
represents polluted water from soil erosion and storm water. Observe the
results. Then use the baster to drain the sandy water from the pan back into
a container.
7. Place the strip of carpet in pan as shown in the illustration.
8. Repeat step 6. What was different? Record your results.
Summary:
Write a paragraph that describes what you learned about wetlands from this
experiment.

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Exploration 4
Discovering What Wetlands Do
Wetland Activity: My Life in a Wetland
Directions:
Here is your chance to live in a wetland! Pretend that you are a wetland creature
and describe what a typical day might be like in either a saltwater or freshwater
wetland.

What kind of creature are you? _______________________________________

Do you live in a saltwater or freshwater wetland?_________________________

Describe a typical day for you in a healthy wetland environment.

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Now, describe what it is like to struggle through the day in an unhealthy wetland.

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Finally, describe where you would prefer to live and why.

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Exploration 5
Becoming Protectors of Our
Wetlands
Wetland Activity: My Thoughts About Wetlands
Directions:
Think about how important wetlands are to the quality of our lives in Florida.
Then write a letter describing why it is important that we all work together
to protect our natural resources. Include any suggestions you might have for
keeping our environment clean and healthy. Mail the letter to us and we will
send you a prize.

Wetlands Manager
c/o Youth Education
Communications Department
Southwest Florida Water Management District
2379 Broad Street
Brooksville, FL 34604-6899

Dear Wetlands Manager:

Sincerely,

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Exploration 5
Becoming Protectors of Our
Wetlands
Wetland Activity: Reviewing Wetland Web Sites
Directions:
Become a wetland web site reviewer! Visit a few of the web sites listed in your
booklet. Then select a site and complete the following review.

Wetland Web Site Review


Name of web site:
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Date of visit:
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Directions: Circle one for each question.


A= Excellent, B=Above Average, C=Average, D=Below Average

A B C D What overall grade would you give this site?


A B C D Was the information presented in an interesting way?
A B C D Did you learn more about wetlands?

What did you like most about this site?

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What did you like least about this site?

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Would you recommend this site to a friend? ____________________________

Any additional comments?

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Correlation With Sunshine State Standards
The following activities presented in the five stations of Exploring Our Wonderful
Wetlands have been correlated to the Sunshine State Standards.

Exploration 1: Wading Into Our Wetlands


Wetlands Wit
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2, LA.A.2.2;
Social Studies: SS.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3;
Social Studies: SS.B.2.3.
Writing About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2, LA.A.2.2;
Social Studies: SS.D.1.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3; Social
Studies: SS.D.1.3.
Wetland Activity: Wetlands Are Wonderful
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3.
Wetland Activity: The Wetland Water Cycle
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2, LA.B.1.2,
LA.B.2.2; Social Studies: SS.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3, LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3;
Social Studies: SS.B.2.3.

Exploration 2: Searching Our Saltwater Wetlands


Wetlands Wit
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2; SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2,
LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3.
Writing About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2, LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3.
Wetland Activity: Florida’s Magnificent Mangroves
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3.
Wetland Activity: The Wetland’s Fabulous Food Chain
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3.

Exploration 3: Finding Out About Our Freshwater Wetlands


Wetlands Wit
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2, LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3.
Writing About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2,
LA.A.2.2, LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3.
LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3.

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Wetland Activity: Wetland Creatures
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2, LA.A.2.2,
LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3, LA.B.1.3,
LA.B.2.3.
Wetland Activity: Meet Our Major Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Language Arts: LA.A.2.2; Social Studies: SS.B.1.2.
Middle School (6–8). Language Arts: LA.A.2.3; Social Studies: SS.B.1.3.

Exploration 4: Discovering What Wetlands Do


Wetlands Wit
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2,
LA.A.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3.
Writing About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.1.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2,
LA.A.2.2, LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.1.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3,
LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3.
Center Spread: Wetland Metaphors
Elementary School (3–5). Language Arts: LA.B.2.2, LA.D.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Language Arts: LA.B.2.3, LA.D.2.3.
Wetland Activity: Building a Wetland
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.2.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2;
Visual Arts: VA.A.1.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.2.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3; Visual
Arts: VA.A.1.3.
Wetland Activity: My Life in a Wetland
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3.

Exploration 5: Becoming Protectors of Our Wetlands


Wetlands Wit
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.2.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.2.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3.
Writing About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.2.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.1.2,
LA.A.2.2. LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2; Social Studies: SS.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.2.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.1.3, LA.A.2.3,
LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3; Social Studies: SS.B.2.3.
Wetland Activity: My Thoughts About Wetlands
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.D.2.2, SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2,
LA.B.1.2, LA.B.2.2; Social Studies: SS.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.D.2.3, SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3, LA.B.1.3,
LA.B.2.3; Social Studies: SS.B.2.3.
Wetland Activity: Reviewing Wetland Web Sites
Elementary School (3–5). Science: SC.G.1.2, SC.G.2.2; Language Arts: LA.A.2.2, LA.B.1.2,
LA.B.2.2.
Middle School (6–8). Science: SC.G.1.3, SC.G.2.3; Language Arts: LA.A.2.3, LA.B.1.3, LA.B.2.3.

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Wetlands Challenge
Directions:
This is your opportunity to demonstrate what you have learned about wetlands.
It is also an opportunity for you to practice answering questions similar to those
found on the FCAT. Do your best and meet the challenge!

1. What is a wetland?
a. an area that is flooded or has saturated soils for certain periods of time
during the year
b. an area that has unique soils that are different from soils found in other
areas
c. an area that contains special plants and trees that are commonly found in
wetland areas and thrive in waterlogged soil or water
d. all of the above

2. What are the two main categories of wetlands?


a. cypress swamps and hardwood swamps
b. saltwater wetlands and freshwater wetlands
c. coastal marshes and forested wetlands
d. mangrove swamps and freshwater wetlands

3. Wetlands provide habitats for a variety of plants and animals.


What is a habitat?
a. hydric soil
b. waterfowl
c. natural home
d. species

4. Which one below is NOT an example of a freshwater body of water?


a. coastal saltwater marsh
b. wet prairie
c. freshwater marsh
d. cypress swamp

5. How are the general features of a swamp and a marsh different?


a. a marsh has trees and a swamp has grasses
b. a swamp is always dry and a marsh is always wet
c. a swamp has trees and a marsh has grasses
d. only the marsh provides habitats for wildlife

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6. Which statement is TRUE about our valuable wetland resources?
a. Most wetland loss in Florida occurred before the 1970s.
b. We have more wetlands now than we had 100 years ago.
c. People are now more aware of the value of wetlands.
d. both a and c

7. Which one below does NOT belong in a list of characteristics about a


wetland?
a. It acts as a big sponge.
b. It causes flooding in nearby areas.
c. It helps to clean and purify water.
d. It is a natural area that holds water.

8. Choose the BEST reason for protecting the health and well-being of
our wetlands.
a. so that wetlands will continue to exist
b. so that the quality of water can decrease
c. so that the number of wetlands can be reduced
d. so that fewer plants and animals will exist

9. Wetlands help our environment in many ways. Which one below does
NOT belong in the list?
a. Wetlands help serve as nursery areas.
b. Wetlands help protect us from floods.
c. Wetlands help erode our coastlines.
d. Wetlands help store water.

10. The future of our wetlands depends on all of us working together.


How can citizens get involved?
a. by volunteering their time on environmental projects
b. by writing a letter to government officials about wetlands
c. by learning more about wetlands and teaching others about them
d. all of the above

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1 READ Wetlands used to be thought of as wasted areas. Fortunately, people
THINK have changed their opinion about them. Describe how you think your
EXPLAIN
grandparents viewed wetlands when they were your age. Then
describe how people view them today. What changed their opinion
about wetlands?

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2 READ List several ways your friends and neighbors could help protect
THINK
EXPLAIN
wetland areas near your home. Support your answer with details and
information you learned from Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands.

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Answer Key for Wetland Activities
(Pages 17–19 of student booklet)

C R O S S W O R D

1 2

3 4
B I R D S

5
W W A
S P E C I E S M
U N S C R A M B L E
6 7 8

T T S W A M P
pawms
L I A
9 10 11 S W A M P
W A T E R F O W L N
N S I D G tewnadl
D T S L R W E T L A N D
S U H I O

12
A F V govnemar
M A R S H E E M A N G R O V E
Y
taryseu
E S T U A R Y

shmar
H I D D E N M A R S H
M E S S A G E

I T ’ S U P T O A L L
9 20 19 21 16 20 15 1 12 12

O F U S T O
15 6 21 19 20 15 W O R D
P R O T E C T O U R S E A R C H
16 18 15 20 5 3 20 15 21 18
H P R A I R I E S E N V I R T
W E T L A N D S . A C R S R P B P T N A T U R E
23 5 20 12 1 14 4 19 M R H E M M S R U V E S W A S
A E T M A G W A A I M N A T T
L A L L I G A T O R A B T O U
W T I G A T M R P O A T A Y A
L U W E T E P K L N D C T A R
H R V O V C E W F M B W I R Y
A E H R O O O T R E E A B O K
M S F E W F R G I N I T A V O
M O L L R E K G R T H J H E P
O R E E N O M U N X N T N Z N
C H T B R W N X U A C R E A T
K A A M W Q Z G A T M G Z S R
W E T L A N D S M A H S R A M

27
Wetlands Challenge (Pages 24–26 of this guide)
Items included in the Wetlands Challenge are similar to those presented on the
Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT).

Answers to multiple-choice items:


1-d, 2-b, 3-c, 4-a, 5-c, 6-d, 7-b, 8-a, 9-c, 10-d

Answers to extended-response items:

Question 1. Responses will vary. Students should be able to


demonstrate an understanding of how the views regarding
wetlands have changed over the years.
Score 2 points if. . . The response indicates that the student has a thorough
understanding of how the views regarding wetlands have
changed over the years.
Score 1 point if. . . The response indicates that the student has a partial
understanding of how the views regarding wetlands have
changed over the years.
Score 0 points if. . . The response is inaccurate, confused or irrelevant.

Question 2. Responses will vary. Students should be able to assimilate


information about protecting wetlands.
Score 2 points if. . . The response indicates that the student was able to
correctly assimilate information about protecting
wetlands.
Score 1 point if. . . The response indicates that the student was able to
partially assimilate information about protecting wetlands.
Score 0 points if. . . The response is inaccurate, confused or irrelevant.

28
Wetlands Resources
In addition to visiting the web sites listed in the booklet, the following is a list of
resources about wetlands.
Eckhardt Slattery, B. Wow! The Wonders of Wetlands.
St. Michaels, MD: Environmental Concern, Inc., 1995.
Fernald, E. and E. Purdum. Water Resources Atlas of Florida.
Tallahassee: Institute of Science and Public Affairs, 1998.
Finlayson, M. and M. Moser. Wetlands. New York: Facts on File Limited, 1991.
Goldman, L. Cleaning Up Our Water. Chicago: Children’s Press, 1994.
Hickman, P. Wetlands. Toronto: Kids Can Press, 1993.
Hirschi, R. Save Our Wetlands. New York: Delacorte Press, 1994.
Liptak, K. Saving Our Wetlands and Their Wildlife. New York: Franklin Watts, 1991.
Lisowski, M. and R. Williams. Wetlands. New York: Franklin Watts, 1997.
Llamas, A. Vegetation of Rivers, Lakes and Swamps.
New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1995.
McCormick, A. Vanishing Wetlands. San Diego: Lucent Books, 1995.
McLeish, E. Wetlands. New York: Thomson Learning, 1996.
Myers, R. and J. Ewel. Ecosystems of Florida.
Gainesville: University of Central Florida Press, 1990.
Splash! Water Resources Education.
Brooksville: Southwest Florida Water Management District, 1997.

Visiting Our Area Wetlands


There are many wetland areas located within the boundaries of the Southwest
Florida Water Management District. The following places of interest are listed in
alphabetical order by county within the SWFWMD. You may want to contact these
places for further information about visiting particular wetlands in your area.

Charlotte County Crystal River Preserve State Park


3266 N. Sailboat Ave.
Charlotte Harbor Environmental Center Crystal River, FL 34428
10941 Burnt Store Rd. (352) 563-0450
Punta Gorda, FL 33955
Fort Cooper State Park
(941) 575-5495
3100 S. Old Floral City Rd.
Inverness, FL 34450
Citrus County (352) 726-0315
Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge Homosassa Springs State Wildlife Park
1502 S.E. Kings Bay Dr. 4150 S. Suncoast Blvd.
Crystal River, FL 34429 Homosassa, FL 34446
(352) 563-2088 (352) 628-5343
Citrus County Parks and Recreation
1410 S. Lecanto Hwy.
Lecanto, FL 34461 continued on next page 29
(352) 527-7677
DeSoto County Hillsborough River State Park
15402 U.S. 301 N.
Brownville Park Thonotosassa, FL 33592
1885 N.E. Brownville St. (813) 987-6771
(6 miles north of Arcadia on Hwy. 17) Lettuce Lake Park
Arcadia, FL 34266 6920 E. Fletcher Ave.
(863) 491-5333 Tampa, FL 33637
Morgan Park (813) 987-6204
1100 W. Hickory St. Lithia Springs Park
(Just east of the Peace River bridge on Hwy. 70) 3932 Lithia Springs Rd.
Arcadia, FL 34266-3363 Lithia, FL 33547
(863) 993-4854 (813) 744-5572

Hardee County Little Manatee River State Park


215 Lightfoot Rd.
Payne’s Creek Historic State Park Wimauma, FL 33598
888 Lake Branch Rd. (813) 671-5005
Bowling Green, FL 33834 Upper Tampa Bay Park
(863) 375-4717 8001 Double Branch Rd.
Tampa, FL 33635
Hernando County (813) 855-1765
Withlacoochee State Forest Manatee County
(Recreation/Visitors Center)
15003 Broad St. DeSoto National Memorial Park
Brooksville, FL 34601 3000 75th St. N.W.
(352) 754-6896 Bradenton, FL 34209
(941) 792-0458
Highlands County
Lake Manatee State Park
Highlands Hammock State Park 20007 Hwy. 64 E.
5931 Hammock Rd. Bradenton, FL 34202
Sebring, FL 33872 (941) 741-3028
(863) 386-6094 Manatee County Parks and Recreation
5502 33rd Ave. Dr. W.
Hillsborough County Bradenton, FL 34209
(941) 742-5923
Alderman’s Ford
9625 Canoe Launch Loop Marion County
Lithia, FL 33547
(813) 757-3801 K. P. Hole County Park
E. G. Simmons Park 9435 S.W. 190th Ave.
2401 19th Ave. N.W. Dunnellon, FL 34432
Ruskin, FL 33570 (352) 489-3055
(813) 671-7655 Rainbow Springs State Park
Flatwoods Park 19158 S.W. 81st Place Rd.
14302 Morris Bridge Rd. Dunnellon, FL 34432
Thonotosassa, FL 33592 (352) 465-8555
(813) 987-6211

30
Pasco County Weedon Island Preserve
1500 Weedon Island Dr.
Crews Lake Park St. Petersburg, FL 33720
16739 Crews Lake Dr. (727) 217-7208
Shady Hills, FL 34610
(727) 861-3038 Polk County
Jay B. Starkey Wilderness Park
10500 Wilderness Park Rd. Florida Fish and Wildlife
New Port Richey, FL 34655 Conservation Commission
(727) 834-3247 Teneroc State Reserve
3829 Teneroc Mine Rd.
Withlacoochee River Park Lakeland, FL 33805
12449 Withlacoochee Blvd. (863) 499-2422
Dade City, FL 33523
(352) 567-0264 Lake Kissimmee State Park
14248 Camp Mack Rd.
Lake Wales, FL 33853
Pinellas County (863) 696-1112
Anderson Park Lake Wales Ridge Park
39699 U.S. Hwy. 19 N. 452 School Bus Rd.
Tarpon Springs, FL 34689 Frostproof, FL 33843
(727) 943-4085 (941) 635-7801
Boyd Hill Nature Park Saddle Creek Park
1101 Country Club Way S. Polk County Parks and Recreation
St. Petersburg, FL 33705 3716 Morgan Combee Rd.
(727) 893-7326 Lakeland, FL 33801
(863) 499-2613
Brooker Creek Preserve
3940 Keystone Rd.
Tarpon Springs, FL 34689 Sarasota County
(727) 453-6959
Myakka River Historic State Park
Fort DeSoto Park 13207 S.R. 72
3500 Pinellas Bayway S. Sarasota, FL 34241
Tierra Verde, FL 33715 (941) 361-6511
(727) 582-2267
Oscar Scherer State Park
George C. McGough Nature Park 1843 S. Tamiami Trail
11901 146th St. N. Osprey, FL 34229
Largo, FL 33774 (941) 483-5956
(727) 518-3047
Honeymoon Island Sumter County
#1 Causeway Blvd.
Dunedin, FL 34698 Half-Moon Wildlife Management Area
(727) 469-5942 (travel west on S.R. 44 from Wildwood;
before crossing the Withlacoochee River,
Sawgrass Lake Park turn north on C.R. 247)
7400 25th St. N. (352) 732-1225
St. Petersburg, FL 33702
(727) 217-7256

31
Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands
To ensure that we can continuously provide you with
effective water resources education materials for your Fax: (352) 754-6883
classroom, we need to hear from you! Your feedback Youth Education
is very important to us. Please take a few moments to Communications Department
answer the following questions about Exploring Our Southwest Florida Water Management District
Wonderful Wetlands booklet and teacher’s guide. Please 2379 Broad Street
mail or fax us your survey as soon as possible. Thank Brooksville, FL 34604-6899
you for your assistance.

About You
Directions: Check one or more for each question.
• What grade level(s) do you teach? ❒3 ❒4 ❒5 ❒6 ❒7 ❒8
• What subject(s) do you teach? ❒ Science ❒ Language Arts ❒ Social Studies ❒ Math
• Approximately how much time did you spend using the booklet and teacher’s guide with your students?
❒ less than 2 hours ❒ 2 hours ❒ 4 hours ❒ 6 hours ❒ 8 hours ❒ more than 8 hours
About the Student Booklet
Directions: Circle one for each question.
A= Excellent, B=Above Average, C=Average, D=Below Average
A B C D How would you rate the overall quality of the booklet?
A B C D Did the content (graphics, text and layout) appeal to your students?
A B C D Was the reading level appropriate for your students?
A B C D Were the Wetlands Wit questions in the booklet useful?
A B C D How would you rate the Writing About Wetlands writing prompts?
About the Teacher’s Guide
Directions: Circle one for each question.
A= Excellent, B=Above Average, C=Average, D=Below Average
A B C D How would you rate the overall quality of the teacher’s guide?
A B C D How would you rate the Wetland Activities?
A B C D How did your students perform on the Wetlands Challenge?
A B C D Were the list of wetlands resources useful?
A B C D Did you use the correlation with the Sunshine State Standards?
Do you have suggestions or comments about the student booklet or teacher’s guide?

____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

VISAY0051 12-07

Exploring Our Wonderful Wetlands includes a student booklet, a teacher’s


guide and a set of full-color activity cards. To order more copies of this
set or other free water resources education materials, visit our web site at
WaterMatters.org/publications or call 1-800-423-1476, ext. 4757.

This information will be made available in accessible formats upon request.


Please contact the Communications Department at (352) 796-7211 or 1-800-423-1476 (FL only), ext. 4757; TDD only at 1-800-231-6103 (FL only).