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# Viorel Ungureanu

European Erasmus Mundus Master Course

Sustainable Constructions under Natural Hazards and Catastrophic Events

520121-1-2011-1-CZ-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC

Objectives of the lecture
Objectives
Design of glass column
Composite section
Worked example
Non-composite
1)
Assess the
resistance of
a
glass
section
supporting a roof, as shown in the
figure. Tubes are attached together
by the use of adhesive which
enables them to work as:
a) Section A - A
Accidental situation
a)
a single composite section;
b)
a non-composite section.
L
L= c 1 4000 mm
tube outside diameter
thickness
b) Section A - A
after failure
d = 135 mm
t = 6 mm
Design value of glass strength:
116,91
184,41
in compression
in tension
f cd = c 2 400 MPa
f td = 50 MPa
67,5
2) Assess the resistance of the same
column with two broken tubes - see
the figure.
22
Composite section
Objectives
Composite
Tubes are attached by use of adhesive which enables them to work as a
single composite section
section
z
Non-composite
section
d = 135 mm
t = 6 mm
Accidental situation
tube outside diameter
thickness
area of one tube
y
A 0
2
2
d
 
d
 2
t
A 
0
4
67,5
moment of inertia of one tube
I 0
4
 
4
d
d
 2
t
I 
0
64
Moment of inertia of composite section I y ,I z
r 1 = 116,91mm
2
I
3I
4 I
A r
y 
0
0
0
1
2
2
I
I
4 I
A r
2 I
A r
z 
0
0
0
2
0
0
3
r 2 = 67,5mm
r 3 = 135,0mm
3
116,91
67,5

Objectives

Composite

section

Non-composite

section

Accidental situation

max

cd

0

# 

2

cr , comp

## L

2

cr

### “safety factor” – restriction for capacity by N cr/4

N
cr , comp
N
Rd ,1
4

4

Objectives

Composite section

Non-composite

section

Accidental situation

# 

2

0

cr ,0

## L

2

cr

### Capacity of the column

7  N
cr ,0
N
Rd ,2
4

5

Accidental situation
Objectives
2) Accidental situation – two broken tubes
Composite section
• New location of gravity axis
Non-composite
3
A
184,41 2
A
67,5
section
0
0
y T
116,91
y T
Accidental
5  A
184,41
0
67,5
situation
Moment of inertia I yT of 5 tube – composite section
2
I
 3  3
I
A
184,41
y
 2  2
I
A y
 67,5
 2
yT
0
0
T
0
0
T
Distance to the tensioned fibres d t
Distance to the compressed fibres d c
Critical force
y T
2
EI
yT
N
116,91
cr , yT
2
L
184,41
67,5
cr
tensioned fibres
Eccentricity of force
e 184,41 y
T
6

Objectives

Composite section

Non-composite

section

Accidental

situation

yT

y , tension

t

td

Ed

Ed

0

y , tension

Ed

y , compression

yT

c

Ed

Ed

cd

0

y , compression

Ed

7

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