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TELEPHONE

~"
TP-9

CNCLASSIFIE
m CiR 527 1345

RESTRICTED. D/SSEMINAT/ON OF RESTRICTED MATTER


No person is entitled solely by virtue of his grade or position to
knowledge or possession of classified matter. Such matter is entrusted
only to those individuals whose official duties require such knowledge
or possession. (See also paragraph 23b, AR 380-5, 15 March 1944.)

1944
WAR DEPARTMENT TECHNICAL MANUAL
TM 11-2059

TELEPHONE
TP-9

WAR DEPARTMENT Q DECEMBER 1 944

RESTRICTED. DISSEMINATION OF RESTRICTED MATTER.


No person is entitled solely by virtue of his grade or position to knowledge
or possession of classified matter. Such matter is entrusted only to those
individuals whose official duties require such knowledge or possession.
(See also paragraph 23*, AR 380-5, 15 March 1944.)

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 9 December, 1944.

TM 11-2059, Telephone TP-9, is published for the information


and guidance of all concerned.
[A. G. 800.7 (21 Jul 44).]

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR :

G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

J. A. ULIO,
Major General,
The Adjutant General.

DISTRIBUTION :

Armies (5) ; SvC (5) ; Depts (5) ; Def Comds (2) ; Base
Comds (5) ; I
T of Opn (5) ; D (2) ; I Bn 11 (5) ; C 11
(5) ; PC & S (2) (Cont) (1) (Overseas) ; PE (2) ; Chiefs
of Tech Sv (2) ; Arm & Sv Boards (2) ; Gen & Sp Sv Schs
(10) ; ROTC (5) ; Sig C Deps (2) ; Gen O/S SOS Deps
(Sig Sec) (2) ; Sig C Labs (2) ; Sig C Rep Shops (2).

I Bn 11 : T/O and E 11-95.


I C 11: T/O and E
11-97; 11-107; 11-127; 11-237; 11-287;
11-587; 11-592; 11-597.

(For explanation of symbols see FM 21-6.)

II
T'fi 2Of

/I;
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Paragraph Page
SECTION Description
I.

General

1
List of component parts

3
2
II. Installation and operation.
Unpacking

5 5
Preparation for use

4
Installation

7
5
Operation

7
III. Functioning of parts.
Theoretical considerations

7
Circuit features 7
8 10

IV. Maintenance.
Inspection 15
9

Servicing 10 15
Replacement of parts 11 17
Adjustments 12 20
Lubrication 13 22
Moistureproofing and fungi-
proofing 14 24
Trouble-shooting procedure 15 26
Trouble-shooting chart 16 28

V. Supplementary data.
Maintenance parts list 17 33
Vacuum tube socket wiring dia
gram 18 68
Point-to-point voltage measure
ments 19 69
Point-to-point resistance meas
urements 20 70
Resistor color code 21 72
Capacitor color code 22 73

M609731 m
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Fig. No. Title Page

1 Telephone TP-9 vi

2 Telephone TP-9, upper housing open 2

3 Telephone TP-9, lower housing removed x. 4

4 Operating instructions label 6

5 Amplifier gain characteristics 10

6 Schematic diagram 12

7 Telephone TP-9, battery and amplifier compartments


open 16

8 Telephone TP-9, amplifier chassis removed 18

9 Visual signal 21

10 Generator GN-38-B, lubrication points 23

11 Masking for moistureproofing and fungiproofing 25

12 Wiring diagram 74

rv
DESTRUCTION NOTICE

WHY Toprevent the enemy from using or salvaging this equip


ment for his benefit.

WHEN When ordered by your commander.

HOW 1. Smash Use sledges, axes, handaxes, pickaxes, ham


mers, crowbars, heavy tools.

2. Cut Use axes, handaxes, machetes.

3. Burn Use gasoline, kerosene, oil, flame throwers,


incendiary grenades.

4. Explosives Use firearms, grenades, TNT.

5. Disposal Bury in slit trenches, fox holes, other


holes. Throw in streams. Scatter.

USE ANYTHING IMMEDIATELY AVAILABLE FOR


DESTRUCTION OF THIS EQUIPMENT.

WHAT 1. Smash Housing, handset, generator, vacuum tubes.

2. Cut Coils, transformers, chassis, wiring.

3. Burn Transformers, handset, wiring.

4. Bend Generator, housing, chassis.

5. Bury or scatter All parts.

DESTROY EVERYTHING
Figure 1. Telephone TP-9.

VI
RESTRICTED

SECTION I

DESCRIPTION

1 . GENERAL

a. Telephone TP-9 (fig. 1) is a portable telephone set designed


to provide communication over greater distances than those ob
tained with ordinary local battery sets. This is made possible by
the use of vacuum-tube amplifiers in both the transmitting and
receiving circuits. Power is supplied by batteries mounted inside
the instrument. Provision is made so that the telephone may also
be used without the amplifiers as a local battery set. When using
the amplifiers, transmission may be effected in only one direction
at a time. In this case, close cooperation of personnel using the
equipment is necessary for efficient operation.
NOTE: This equipment contains vacuum tubes and must be handled
with the care given a fine radio set.

b. Telephone TP-9 is primarily intended for use at the ter


minals and at intermediate points between terminals of a two-wire
line composed of field Wire W-110-B. When used in this way,
and noise and crosstalk conditions permit, the telephone approxi
mately doubles the transmission range obtained with ordinary
local battery sets. The telephone may be used with other facil
ities, and in this case the transmission range depends on the
characteristics of the line and weather conditions. Satisfactory
communication over lines whose attenuation does not exceed ap
proximately 60 to 65 db can be obtained if noise, crosstalk, and
other interference conditions permit.

TP-9 is provided with a bell for audible signaling


c. Telephone
and with a visual signal for noiseless signaling. A switch is pro
vided to select either type of signaling method. The visual signal
is designed so that it may be used in darkness. When ringing cur
rent is received, the signal leaf flies up, and the operator can note
its position by passing his hand over the leaf.

i
COVER FOR UPPER HOU5INC , OF t HATING INSTRUCTION LABEL

VISUAL INDICATOR
LEAF
CRADLE (WITCH

SIC- BELL SWITCH


LINE BINDING POST
GAIN CONTROL
LATCH

HANDSET TERMINAL

JACK ASSEMBLY

H0USING LUGS A
SCREWS

CARRYING STRAP

HANDSET SWITCH

TLS232S

Figure 2. Telephone TP-9, upper housing open.


d. The telephone consists of a cast aluminum chassis 12 inches

'/g
long by 7%, inches wide by 103/4 inches high. It weighs approxi
mately 19 pounds less batteries. The chassis consists of an upper
and lower compartment and houses all the equipment necessary
for operation. The lower housing encloses the amplifier equip
ment and batteries. The upper housing encloses the generator
and ringer equipment. A hinged cover attached to the upper

is
housing and in its lowered position covers the handset and control
equipment mounted at the front of the set (fig. 2) The generator

.
crank extends through the side of the upper housing and folds
into recess provided for this purpose. A head and chest set
a

can be used with the telephone instead of the handset. When


assembled, the telephone set made waterproof by composition
is

a
gasket separating the upper and lower housings and by gaskets
protecting the openings for the generator crank, binding posts,
switches, and controls.

Power for operating the telephone


e. derived from battery
is

a
complement consisting of one BA-27 (41/o-volt), one BA-65 (lj/o-
volt), and three BA-2 (22I/:>-volt) dry-cell batteries, mounted in

a
hinged frame at the bottom of the unit. The drain on the IV^-volt
filament supply Battery BA-65 about 200 ma. The drain on the
is

4!/2-volt transmitter and relay Battery BA-27 approximately


is

50 ma. The total net drain on the three 221/2 -volt Batteries BA-2
about 51/2 ma. Under normal conditions of intermittent opera
is

tion, the batteries should last about or weeks. However, this


3

period will vary with climatic and operating conditions.

2. LIST OF COMPONENT PARTS.

Shipping Approximate
Quantity Article
size (in.) weight (Ibj

Telephone TP-9 21x14^x24% 19


1

units) (each unit)


(2

Technical Manual TM 11-2059


2

Battery BA-2
3

Battery BA-27
Yi
1

Battery BA-65
1

Note: Batteries must be ordered separately.


e

o
|
V.
o>

05

O
C
S.

I
SECTION II

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION

3. UNPACKING.
The individual unit is packed and shipped in containers which
are moistureproof.

a. Remove the outer corrugated container.

Remove the foil barrier.


1?.

c. Remove the inner corrugated container.

4. PREPARATION FOR USE.

a. Unfasten the four screws which hold the upper and lower
housings together. Turn the equipment upside down and separate
the housings.

b. Unfasten the two battery clamping-frame screws and remove


both battery clamping frames.

c. Install Battery BA-27 as shown in figure


4.

d. Replace the center battery clamping frame.

Install three Batteries BA-2 and one Battery BA-65 as shown


e.
in figure 4.
Replace the other battery clamping frame and tighten the
f.

battery-frame screws.
g. Disengage the two battery-frame locking pins at the ends of
the compartment and swing the compartment outward.

h. Connect the batteries as shown in figure 4.

NOTE: Battery BA-65 has two-prong connector-plug receptacle.


a

To insure correct polarity, be sure that the larger pin of the plug is
inserted in the larger hole of the battery receptacle.

CAUTION: When not using the telephone, lock the cradle switch in
the down position or current will be drawn from the batteries. Lock
handset cradle switch by pushing the cradle switch down and moving
the latch located beneath the cradle switch to the left.
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i. Put the housing together and fasten the screws.
CAUTION: Make sure that the gasket separating the upper and
lower housings is free from dirt and grit, and that there are no nicks
in the V-edged facing on the lower housing.

j. Test the amplifiers as follows :

(1) Remove the handset from the cradle.


(2) Turn the GAIN control to the maximum clockwise position.
(3) Release the cradle-switch lever by pushing the latch to the

right. The cradle-switch lever should rise.

(4) Place the telephone receiver to the ear and tap the side of the
housing. Microphonic noise should be heard in the receiver. Press
the handset switch and blow into the transmitter. Side-tone should
be heard in the receiver.

5. INSTALLATION.

a. To use Telephone TP-9 at the end of a line, connect the line


wires to the binding posts.
To use Telephone TP-9 at intermediate points, bridge the
b.
telephone across the line without interrupting the continuity of
the circuit. Strip the insulation from the line wires and make a
loop connection to the binding posts. Do not cut the line wires.

6. OPERATION

a. Signaling. To signal another telephone on the line, turn the


generator crank briskly in a clockwise direction. To receive a
signal, select the desired type of signal as follows. For an audible
signal, set the SIG-BELL switch to BELL. For a visual signal,
set the SIG-BELL switch to SIG.

b. Conversation. (1) WITHOUT AMPLIFICATION.


(a) Remove the handset from the cradle. Lock the handset
cradle switch by pushing the cradle switch down and moving the
latch to the left.

(b) To talk, operate the handset switch. To listen, release the


switch.

(2) WITH AMPLIFICATION.


(a) Turn the GAIN control to about mid-position.
(b) Remove the handset from the cradle. Release the cradle
switch by pushing the latch to the right, allowing the cradle lever
to rise.

(c) To talk, send a ringing signal to establish communication


with the other station. Wait for the other station to answer, keep
ing the handset butterfly switch in the released position. After the
other station answers, operate the handset butterfly switch and
talk.
NOTE: When Telephone TP-9 is used with amplifiers, it is not possi
ble to talk and listen simultaneously. Close cooperation between the
talker and listener is necessary for efficient operation.

(d) To listen, keep the butterfly switch on the handset in the


released position. During conversation, adjust the GAIN control
until the best volume is obtained.

(e) To interrupt the talker at the other station, transmit a ring


ing signal by turning the generator crank. This will operate the
bell or visual signal at the other station. Upon receiving the signal,
the person talking from the other station must immediately stop
talking and release the handset butterfly switch. As soon as the
other station has stopped talking, operate the handset switch and
start talking.
NOTE: When Telephone TP-9 B used on a circuit which is connected
to a switchboard, a break-in signal may be assumed to be a ring-off
signal by the switchboard operator. In this case it will be necessary
to wait for the operator.s challenge before continuing the con
versation.
SECTION

III
FUNCTIONING OF PARTS

7. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS.

The distance over which satisfactory telephone communica


a.
tion can be accomplished limited by the attenuation of the line
is

and by noise, crosstalk, and other interference present in the


circuit. To extend the communication range becomes neces

it
sary to use transmitting amplifiers which will impress stronger
signals on the line, and thereby provide more favorable signal-
a
to-noise ratio. To compensate for the losses in the line, neces

is
it
sary to provide amplifiers in the receiving circuit. The receiving
amplifiers will increase the communication range as long as a good
signal-to-noise ratio is maintained.

b. TelephoneTP-9 differs from other telephones in that ampli


fiers are self-contained in the telephone set; the transmitting
circuit uses one stage of amplification, while the receiving circuit
uses two stages of amplification. To provide more favorable
a

signal-to-noise ratio, the speech energy originating at the trans


mitter amplified and sent out on the line at comparatively
is

high level (15 dbm). The speech energy received at the telephone
terminals amplified through two stages of amplification to pro
is

vide maximum gain of approximately 55 db.


a

Losses caused by the capacitive effects in the line increase at


c.
higher frequencies. To overcome these losses, the receiving ampli
fier of Telephone TP-9 designed to provide greater amplification
is

at higher voice frequencies (fig. 5). In this way an equalizing


action obtained which results in satisfactory over-all fre
is

quency-response characteristic.

Transmission of speech energy from both ends of the line


d.
simultaneously not possible with Telephone TP-9 when "using
is

the amplifier, because the coupling of energy between the trans


mitter and the home receiving amplifier would cause oscillation,
and make conversation unintelligible. A relay in the set makes
the receiving circuit inoperative during transmission, and makes
the transmitting circuit inoperative when speech is being received.
Z

UIT1EH ( AIN

FREQUENCY IN HUNDREDS 0f CYCLES


TL 52328

Figure 5. Amplifier gain characteristics.


8. CIRCUIT FEATURES.

The schematic diagram of Telephone TP-9 (fig. 6) shows the


circuit with the handset off the cradle and the cradle lock re
leased. This places the circuit in the position to receive incoming
speech signals.

a. Circuit with Amplification. (1) RECEIVING CIRCUIT.

(a) With the handset switch released for listening and the
cradle switch lever up, relay Kl is not energized. The transmit
ting circuit is made inoperative by a short circuit across the
primary winding 1-2 of the transmitting output transformer T2
through contacts 2-3 of relay KI. This condition exists as long as
the handset switch is released.

(b) Incoming speech currents at the line terminals of the tele


phone set flow through capacitor C-5B, winding 1-2 of transformer
T3, and winding 3-4 of transformer T2. The energy induced in
winding 1-2 of transformer T2 is short-circuited through con
tacts 2-3 of relay KI. The energy induced in the secondary wind
ing 3-4 of transformer T3 passes to the grid of the first amplifier
tube V2 through the GAIN potentiometer R12 and the grid re
sistor R8. Potentiometer R12 controls the gain of the receiving
amplifier by varying the loss in the input circuit of tube V2.

10
(c) The network consisting of choke LI and its capacitor and
resistor form the load impedance of tube V2. The parallel circuit
formed by choke LI and the capacitor has a resonant frequency
of about 2,000 cycles, and at this point the first stage amplifier
has its maximum gain. On either side of this frequency, the gain
will decrease as shown in figure 5. This design provides com
pensation for the line losses over the essential voice frequency
band width.

(d) The amplified Signals from the first stage are coupled to the
grid of tube V3 through capacitor C4. The signals are further
amplified by tube V3, and are transformer-coupled to the handset
receiver by transformer T4. The primary winding 1-2 of the
transformer forms the load impedance for tube V3. The output
signals induced in winding 4-5 of the transformer are fed from
terminal 4 through contacts 9-7 of cradle switch SI to terminal
R of the handset, and from terminal 5 to terminal C of the handset.

(e)- The power supply for the receiving amplifier consists of a


IVs-volt Battery BA-65 which supplies filament voltage to the
tubes, and three 22V-volt Batteries BA-2 which supply plate
voltage to the tubes. The negative side of the batteries is grounded
through contacts 1-11-12 of switch SI.

NOTE: The term ground applies to a common return point on the


terminal strip in the amplifier chassis (fig. 7). All parts in the
telephone are electrically insulated from the housing so that the
circuits will not be earth-grounded when the telephone is placed
on the ground.

(2) TRANSMITTING CIRCUIT.


(a) When the handset switch is operated and the cradle-switch
lever is up, current for energizing the transmitter is fed from the
positive side of Battery BA-27 through the handset (HS) switch,
transmitter (T), winding 1-5 of relay Kl, and winding 3-2 of
transformer Tl to the negative side of Battery BA-27. Relay
Kl closes its contacts (3-4), and removes the short circuit from
winding 1-2 of transformer T2. Contacts 3-4 of the relay apply
positive battery directly to the plate of the first receiving ampli
fier tube V2, thus short-circuiting the load impedance network
and making the receiving amplifier inoperative. This condition
exists as long as the handset switch is held operated.

(b) Speech currents originating in the transmitter (T) flow


through winding 2-3 of the input transformer Tl and are in-

11
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12
duced in the secondary winding 5-6. From the secondary wind
ing of the transformer the speech currents are impressed on the
grid of the transmitting amplifier tube VI. The primary winding
1-2 of transformer T2 forms the load impedance for tube VI. The
output from the transmitting amplifier is induced in secondary
winding 3-4 of the transformer. The signals are fed to the line
from terminal 4 through contacts 5-4 of cradle switch SI, and
from terminal 3 through winding 1-2 of transformer T3 and
capacitor C-5B. Although the energy induced in winding 3-4 of
transformer T3 is supplied to the grid of tube V2, the tube has been
made inoperative by the operation of relay Kl (par. 8a. (2) (a)).

(c) When the telephone is being used with amplification, and


the handset switch is closed, sidetone is heard in the receiver.
Since the transmitting and receiving amplifiers employ a common
plate voltage supply, the internal voltage drop in the battery is
used to provide sidetone in the receiver. The voltage drop in the
battery caused by the change in current in the transmitting ampli
fier appears at the plate (pin 3) of the first amplifier tube V2.
These signals are amplified by the second amplifier tube V3, and
are applied to the receiver through the output transformer T4
and contacts 9-7 of switch S-l. The bypass capacitor C7 controls
the amount of sidetone applied to the receiver.

b. Circuit without Amplification. When the telephone is to be


used without amplification as a local battery set, the cradle-switch
lever is locked down. This action closes the following contacts
of switch SI: 4-6 in the output circuit; 7-8-10 in the receiving
circuit. Contacts 1-11-12 are opened, thus disconnecting the power
supply from the amplifier tubes.

(1) RECEIVING CIRCUIT. Incoming speech signals at the line


terminals of the telephone flow through contacts 4-8 of cradle
switch SI, winding 1-3 of transformer Tl, and capacitor C6 to
terminal C of the handset. From the receiver in the handset, the
currents flow through contacts 7-10 of switch SI and capacitor
C-5B back to the line.
(2) TRANSMITTING CIRCUIT.
(a) When the handset switch is closed, a complete circuit for
Battery BA-27 is formed through winding 2-3 of transformer Tl
and winding 1-5 of relay KI. Speech currents from the trans
mitter are induced in windings 2-1 and 3-4 of Transformer TI.
They are applied to the line from terminal 1 of the transformer
through contacts 6-4 of switch SI, and from terminal 4 through

13
resistor R4, capacitor C5A, contacts 8-10 of switch SI, and
capacitor C-5B.

(b) When the telephone is being used without amplification,


sidetone is heard in the receiver. The circuit for the sidetone
voltage is as follows : transmitter currents are induced in winding
3-4 of transformer Tl. These currents flow to the receiver from
terminal 3 through capacitor C6, and from terminal 4 through
resistor R4, capacitor C5A, and contacts 8-7 of switch SI.

Signaling. When the SIG-BELL switch S2 is in the BELL


c.
position, ringer MC-131 is connected through the generator switch
across the line. When switch S2 is in the SIG position, the visual
signal is connected across the line through the generator switch.
The ringer and the visual signal both offer high impedance to
voice-frequency currents and low impedance to the low-frequency
signaling currents.

14
SECTION IV
MAINTENANCE

NOTE: Failure or unsatisfactory performance of equipment


used by Army Ground Forces and Army Service Forces will be
reported on W.D., A.G.O. Form No. 468 (Unsatisfactory Equip
ment Report) . If Form No. 468 is not available, see TM 38-250.
Failure or unsatisfactory performance of equipment used by
Army Air Forces will be reported on Army Air Forces Form
No. 54 (unsatisfactory report) .

9. INSPECTION.

a. General. At regular^ intervals during the operation of Tele


phone TP-9, inspect the equipment to see that all parts are func
tioning properly.

b. Batteries. The batteries should be checked weekly with a


voltmeter, \ioltage measurements should be made under actual
load conditions. Replace the batteries when the measured voltage
drops to about two-thirds of the rated voltage.

c. Vacuum Tubes. Test the vacuum tubes at least once a month


and make replacements when necessary.

1 0. SERVICING.

a. Repairs by Operating Personnel. Repairs on Telephone TP-9


by operating personnel will be confined to testing and replacement
of batteries, vacuum tubes, and handset (par. Ha). All other
repairs will be made by qualified maintenance personnel only. For
information on replacement of batteries, refer to the operating in
structions label mounted on the equipment.
Repairs by Maintenance Personnel. (1) All repairs, other
b.
than the replacement of batteries, vacuum tubes, and handset, are
to be made by maintenance personnel. To assist in the location of
trouble in the telephone set, schematic and wiring diagrams appear
in figures 6 and 12, respectively. A wiring diagram of the tube
socket connections is shown in paragraph 18. Directions for

15
16
;he adjustment of the generator, the ringer, and the visual signal
are given in paragraph 12, and a trouble-shooting chart appears
in paragraph 16. Complete .instructions for the replacement of
parts are given in paragraph 11.

(2) Transformers, capacitors, resistors, switches, and gain con-


;rol must be replaced only when necessary. When replacing or
adjusting apparatus on any of the units, take care not to drop
excess solder on apparatus parts or on wiring terminals. Use
only rosin-core solder. Avoid all soldering pastes or acids.

(3) All screws which enter tapped holes in the aluminum cast
ing must be protected by coating the threads with an anti-seize
substance such as Alcoa thread lubricant, which is a paste of
50 percent zinc dust (200 mesh) and 50 percent petrolatum.

(4) Remove the lower housing to locate trouble in the amplifier


circuits of Telephone TP-9 (par. 4a) . Then place the set on a firm
support; remove the two side screws holding the battery compart
ment to the frame and the two screws holding the amplifier com
partment to the frame. Tilt the two compartments back. Loosen
the two fasteners on the amplifier compartment (fig. 3). This
will expose the socket terminals and allow access to the parts that
are mounted on the chassis.

11. REPLACEMENT OF PARTS.

a. Handset TS-9-( ). To replace the handset and/or cord, dis


connect the cord from the body of the telephone by first loosening
the three screw terminals on the jack. Then unfasten the stay
cord, unscrew the transmitter cap, and remove the transmitter,
unit. Loosen the screws holding the three conductors and unfasten
the stay cord. Replace the handset, tighten the screws, and re-
fasten the stay cord.
b. Generator GN-38-B. (1) Remove the two holding screws
from the battery compartment, and swing the battery compart
ment back (fig. 3). Remove the two holding screws from the
amplifier chassis (fig. 3). Remove the two split pins which hold
the amplifier chassis to the bracket, and lift the amplifier chassis
from the frame. Place it aside, being very careful not to break
or pull out any soldered cable connections.

(2) Remove the four screws which hold the generator to the top
of the upper housing. Move the generator to one side, and dis
engage the universal joint which connects the armature shaft to
the generator crank. Lift the generator out of the housing and

17
18
remove the screws holding the soldering lugs to the generator
switch. These are the only connections on the generator.

NOTE: It is not necessary when removing the generator to remove


the waterproof bearing which holds the shaft of the generator crank.

(3) Connect the soldering lugs, which are attached to the wiring,
to the new generator, and place the generator in the housing. Line
up the universal joint which connects the armature shaft to the
generator crank. Coat the threads of the four screws which hold
the generator to the housing with the anti-seize substance dis
cussed in paragraph lOb (4). Replace the screws. With an ohm-
meter check to see that the generator frame is not grounded to
the housing.

CAUTION: Do not tighten the screws too tightly. The threads in


the aluminum castings are easily stripped.

c. Ringer MC-131. (1) Remove the battery compartment and


amplifier chassis as described in subparagraph b above.

(2) Remove the four screws which hold the ringer to the upper
housing. Lift the ringer out of the housing and unsolder the wires
connected to it.

(3) Solder the wires to the new ringer, and place the new ringer
in the housing. Coat the threads of the screws which hold the
ringer to the housing with the anti-seize substance discussed in
paragraph 10b(4). Replace the screws.

CAUTION: Do not tighten the screws too tightly. The threads in


aluminum casting are easily stripped.

d. SIG-BELL Switch. (1) Loosen the two setscrews in the knob


on the front panel, and take the knob off. Remove the locknut on
the front panel which holds the switch to the housing. Use a
crescent wrench to remove this nut, not pliers. Carefully pull the
switch out from the rear of the housing, and unsolder the con
nections.

(2) Solder the connections, to the new switch and place the switch
in position from the rear of the housing. Replace the locknut
which holds the switch to the front panel, and tighten with a
crescent wrench. Replace the knob, and tighten the setscrews.

e. GAINControl. The GAIN control is removed by taking off


the knob, removing the locknut, and pulling the control out in the
same manner described in subparagraph d above.

19
f. Cradle Switch. (1) Remove the cradle and latch assembly
from the housing by removing the two screws. Remove the cradle-
switch lever by loosening the setscrew which holds it to the
switch shaft, and pulling the lever off the shaft. Remove the lock-
nut which holds the switch to the housing. Use a crescent ivrench
to remove this nut, not pliers.

(2) Remove the lower housing and turn the unit over. Tilt the
battery compartment out of the way, and remove the amplifier
chassis from the frame (par. llb(l)). Remove the four screws
which hold the generator in place, and lift the generator out of the
housing. Pull the cradle switch out, and unsolder the connections.

(3) Solder the connections to the new cradle switch, and insert
the switch in its proper position. Replace the generator, making
sure that the threads of the screws which hold the generator to
the housing have been coated with anti-seize substance. Replace
the amplifier housing and the battery compartment. Replace the
locknut on the front panel, and tighten with a crescent wrench.
Replace the cradle-switch lever, and the cradle and latch assembly.

g. HandsetTerminal. Remove the three screws from the under


side of the housing which hold the handset terminal to the hous
ing. Be careful not to lose the washers. Lift the handset terminal
from the housing. Install the new terminal. Replace the solder
ing lugs containing the wiring connections, and replace the screws.

h. Relay (1) Relay Kl is hermetically sealed against dust


Kl.
and moisture. If the relay becomes defective, do not attempt to
open the can in which the relay is mounted.

(2) Replace the relay as follows: Remove the four screws which
hold the relay can to the chassis ; carefully withdraw the relay far
enough to expose the terminals. Unsolder the connections to the
relay, and remove the relay. Solder the connections to the new
relay, and fasten the relay to the chassis with the four screws.

1 2. ADJUSTMENTS.

All parts of the telephone are adjusted in production and


should not require adjustment in normal field use. If adjustments
are necessary, however, make the following tests :

a. (1) The spring tension on the visual-signal


Visual Signal.
leaf should be adjusted so that the leaf will just barely be held in
place by the magnet. If this condition is not met, weak ringing
currents will not operate the visual signal. To adjust the spring
tension, follow the procedure given below.

20
(2) Release the visual-signal leaf by hand, and hold the leaf close
to the magnet. Loosen the clamping screw which holds the ad
justing pin in position (fig. 9). Turn the adjusting pin to regu
late the tension on the spring. The tension on the spring should
be adjusted so that the magnet will just barely hold the leaf in
position. If the spring tension is too loose, weak ringing currents
will not operate the signal.

(3) When the spring tension has been adjusted properly, tighten
the clamping screw which holds the adjusting pin in place.
NOTE: Do not tighten the clamping screw any more than is neces
sary to hold the adjusting pin in place. The brackets are made of
aluminum, and the threads are easily stripped.

CLAMPING
SPRING SCREW

ADJUSTING
PIN

VISUAL SIGNAL LEAF

TL52334

Figure 9. Visual signal.

b. Ringer MC-131. (1) When the clapper is moved manually


away from the gong projection and released, the magnet should
pull it back. If this does not occur, the magnet is weak and must
be replaced.

(2) The resistance of each coil is about 650 ohms (1,300 ohms
for the two in series). A deviation of more than 15 percent from
this value indicates a defective coil.
(3) The ringer should operate on 6 milliamperes at 16 to 20
cycles per second. If the ringer draws more current, it should
be replaced. Adjust the ringer as follows :

(a) Operate the clapper manually. It


should strike the gong
projections, rebound, and come to rest with a slight clearance
between the clapper and the nearest gong projection.

21
(b) If
the condition in subparagraph (a) above does not exist,
loosen the two gong-clamping screws and rotate the gong until the
clapper strikes each gong projection equally.

(c) If
the travel of the clapper is not sufficient or is excessive,
increase or decrease the armature travel by means of the two
adjusting nuts located at the end of the magnet opposite the
clapper.

(d) If the ringer cannot be adjusted by the above means, as a


last resort bend the clapper rod.

c. GeneratorGN-38-B. (1) The generator should turn easily


when the output circuit is open. When the output terminals are
short-circuited, the generator should turn hard as though a drag
has been placed on it.

(2) The resistance of the armature winding should be about


400 ohms. The output of the generator, when the crank is turned
at a speed of approximately 200 revolutions per minute, should
be more than 45 volts when delivered to a 1,000-ohm resistance
load.

(3) If
the generator switch is faulty, clean and burnish the con
tacts and adjust the springs as follows:

(a) The contact pressure of the lower spring against the end of
the armature should be at least 100 grams (3.5 ounces) .

(b) The clearance between the two upper springs should be at


least 0.035 inches.

(c) The clearance between the buffer on the upper shaft and the
nearest spring should be at least 0.025 inches when the shaft is in
its normal position.

(d) When the shaft is in the cranking position, the contact pres
sure between the two upper springs should be between 75 grams
(2.6 ounces) and 125 grams (4.4 ounces).
CAUTION: Do not remove the alnico magnet pole pieces of the
generator. If the magnetic bridge between the two magnets is dis
turbed, the magnets may become discharged to such an extent that
the output of the generator will be lowered.

1 3. LUBRICATION.

In general, lubrication as a field service is not required for


Telephone TP-9. When the set is in a repair station for recon
ditioning, the generator should be lubricated before it is put back

22
in service. To lubricate the generator, follow the procedure given
below.
a. Clean all dirt and grease from bearings and gear surfaces.
Use a cloth or sash brush moistened with cleaning fluid. Do not
allow cleaning fluid to enter the armature coil.

NOTE: Leaded gasoline will not be used as a cleaning fluid for any
purpose. Solvent, Dry Cleaning, Federal Specification P-S-661a, is
available, as a cleaning fluid, through established supply channels.
Oil, Fuel, Diesel, U. S. Army Specification 2-102B, may be used for
cleaning purposes when solvent, dry cleaning, is not at hand. Since
unleaded gasoline is available only in limited quantities, and only
in certain locations, it should be used for cleaning purposes only
when no other agent is suitable. Carbon tetrachloride, or fire-
extinguishing liquid (carbon tetrachloride base), will be used, if
necessary, only on contact parts of electronic equipment.

b. Lubricate all points as indicated in figure 10. Never use an


excess of lubricant. The generator is mounted upside down in the
housing of the telephone, and excess lubricating materials will
run down into the telephone set.

LUBRICANT
CRANK SHAFT BEARINGS.
OR 2 DR0PS)
/CRANK SHAFT DRIVE GEAR.
GL-/ WIPE 0LD LUBRICANT FROM
\ TEETH , THEN COAT SPARINGLY.
V REM0VE EXCESS LUBRICANT.

PS
J CRANK
"S CRANK
HINGE C 2 0R 3
CAM AND SHAFT.
DR0PS J
VC COAT LIGHTLY )
/ARMATURE DRIVE PINI0N .
/ WIPE 0LD LUBRICANT FR0M
GL"< TEETH, THEN C0AT SPARINGLY.
EXCESS LUBRICANT.
^REMOVE
/ARMATURE SHAFT BEARINGS.
PS OR 2 DR0PS 3
-^Cl

-KEY-
LUBRICANT
PS-0IL.LUBRICATING. PRESERVATIVE . SPECIAL . JJ.S. ARMY 2-120
GL- GREASE . LUBRICATING . SPECIAL . SPEC. NO. AXS-637

TL90795A

Figure 10. Generator GN-38-B, lubrication points.

23
14. MOISTUREPROOFING AND FUNGIPROOFING.

a. General. The operation of Signal Corps equipment intropical


areas where temperature and relative humidity are extremely high
requires special attention. The following items represent problems
which may be encountered in operation :

(1) Resistors, capacitors, coils, chokes, transformer windings, etc.,


fail.

(2) Electrolytic action takes place in resistors, coils, chokes,


transformer windings, etc., causing eventual break-down.

(3) Hook-up wire and cable insulation break down. Fungus


growth accelerates deterioration.

(4) Moisture forms electrical leakage paths on terminal boards


and insulating strips, causing noise and crosstalk.

(5) Moisture provides leakage paths between battery terminals.

b. Treatment. A moistureproofing and fungiproofing treatment


has been devised which, if properly applied, provides a reasonable
degree of protection against fungus growth, insects, corrosion,
salt spray, and moisture. The treatment involves the use of a mois
ture- and fungi-resistant varnish applied with a spray gun or
brush. Refer to TB SIG 13, Moistureproofing and Fungiproofing-
Signal Corps Equipment, for a detailed description of the varnish-
spray method of moistureproofing and fungiproofing which con
tains the description and use of equipment and materials required.

CAUTION: Varnish spray may have toxic effects if inhaled. To


avoid inhaling spray, use respirator if available; otherwise, fasten
cheesecloth or other cloth material over nose and mouth.

c. Step-by-step Instructions for Treating Telephone TP-9.

(1) PREPARATION. Make all repairs and adjustments neces


sary for proper operation of the equipment.

(2) DISASSEMBLY.
(a) Unfasten the four screws which hold the two housings to
gether, and remove the lower housing (not to be treated).

(b) Remove the two holding screws from the battery compart-,
ment. Remove the two split pins which hold the battery compart
ment to the mounting brackets, and take off the battery com
partment (not to be treated) .

24
(c) Remove the two chassis fasteners from the amplifier chas
sis. Remove the two holding screws, and swing the amplifier
chassis outward.

(d) Remove the two mounting screws from the battery terminal
strip. Lift the terminal strip to gain access to its under side.

(e) Clean all dirt, dust, rust, fungus, oil, grease, etc., from the
equipment to be processed.

(3) MASKING.
(a) Mask the case gasket with tape only (fig. 11).
(b) Using cloth or paper, form a common cover over the main
part of the unit to prevent the entrance of varnish while spraying
the internal wiring of the amplifier chassis.

AMPLIFIER CHASSIS
FOLDED OUT

MASKING TAPE

Figure 11. Masking for moistureproofing and fungiproofing.

(4) DRYING. Dry the chassis for 4V2 to &/> hours at 135 F.
Do not exceed 135 F.

(5) VARNISHING. Apply three coats of moistureproofing and


fungiproofing varnish (Lacquer, Fungus-resistant, Spec. No. 71-
2202 (Stock No. 6G1005.3), or equal) as follows:
(a) Spray all the internal wiring and small parts of the ampli
fier chassis, and as much of its connecting cable not covered by
masking as possible.

(b) After three spray coats have been applied, remove the mask
ing.

(c) Brush the coils of the visual signal magnet as completely


as possible.

(d) Brush both sides and all edges of the battery terminal strip.

(e) Brush all wires and connections, except the cradle switch
connections, which were protected during the spray application.

(f ) Brush
the surface of the metal-cased capacitors, the surfaces
of the bell, and the bottoms of the five transformers to provide a
fungicidal reservoir.

(g) Open the top cover of the case and brush the insulating
washers of the line binding posts, and the surfaces of the handset
connecting block.

(6) REASSEMBLY.
(a) Clean all contacts with varnish remover, and burnish the
contacts.

(b) Reassemble the set and test its operation.


CAUTION: Do not reassemble the waterproof housing until the
varnish has dried. Vapor pressure built up by the evaporation of
the fast-drying solvents in the varnish may cause the set to explode.

(7) MARKING. Mark the set with "MFP" and the date of treat
ment.

Example : MFP 8 Oct 44.

15. TROUBLE-SHOOTING PROCEDURE.

a. Troublesin a system in which Telephone TP-9 is used may


occur either in the line wires or in the telephone itself. In gen
eral, an indication of the condition of the line and the telephone
can be determined to some extent by the ringing signals. If a
ringing signal is received, but it is impossible to hear over the
circuit, the telephone should be suspected of being faulty. If no
ringing signals or speech signals can be received, the line can be
suspected of being at fault. Noisy operation may occur as a result
of trouble in either the line or the telephone.

26
b. When trouble is encountered, a quick check may be made
by changing the telephone to local battery operation (par. 6) . This
check is especially useful for determining the origin of trouble
causing noisy operation, .and also for checking the condition of
the amplifiers. This check will be satisfactory only when losses
in the circuit are not excessive. A more reliable way of testing
the telephone is to disconnect it from the line and connect it to a
telephone which is known to be in working order. Telephone
EE-8- ( ) may be used for this purpose.
c. After the trouble has been localized to either the line or the
telephone, proceed to locate the trouble.

(1) If it has been determined that the line is at fault, report the
trouble to wire maintenance personnel. The line may be checked
with any one of the line-testing sets available. Refer to the in
structions accompanying the test set for the proper procedure in
making the tests.

(2) If the trouble is in the telephone, follow the procedure outlined


in the trouble-shooting chart (par. 16). To further assist in lo
cating trouble in the telephone, a schematic diagram (fig. 6), a
wiring diagram (fig. 12), a diagram of the vacuum-tube socket
connections (par. 18), and a voltage and resistance chart (pars.
19 and 20) are supplied.

27
16. TROUBLE-SHOOTING CHART.

a. Symptom: Speech Signals Weak, or No Sound Heard


in Receiver.

PROBABLE
LOCATION OF PROCEDURE
FAULT
1. Line wires. (a) Follow the procedure given in para
graph 15.
If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.

2. Cradle switch SI in (a) Push latch to unlock cradle switch.


4

locked position. (b) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.

3. Batteries run down. (a ) Test voltage of batteries with volt


meter. (Test should be made under
actual load conditions.)
(b) If voltage is less than two-thirds of
rated voltage, replace batteries.
(c) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.

4. Defective vacuum (a) Test tubes V2 and V3. Replace


tubes. faulty tubes.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.

5. Defective handset (a) Replace handset and or cord ac


cording to the procedure outlined in
and/or cord.
paragraph lla.

(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.

6. Defective relay KI. (a) Check continuity through relay KI.


If relay is faulty, rep.ace it accord-
inj tothe procedure outlined in
paragraph

28
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
7. Defective cradle (a) Check contacts of cradle switch SI.
switch SI. (b) If contacts are defective and con-
not be adjusted, replace switch.

(c) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.
8. Defective bell or vis (a) Change setting of SIG-BELL
ual signal drop. switch. If speech can come through
on new setting, check bell or drop,
as the case may be.

(b) Replace defective bell or signal


drop.

(c) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.
9. Amplifier circuit. (a) Make voltage and resistance meas
urements on circuit.

(b) Make any necessary repairs as indi


cated by voltage and resistance
measurements.

b. Symptom: No Speech Output, or Speech Output Weak.

PROBABLE
LOCATION OF PROCEDURE
FAULT
1. Cradle switch SI in (a) Push latch to uniocK cradle switch.
locked position. (b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
2. Batteries run down. (a) Test voltage of batteries with volt-
ineter. (Test should be made under
actual load conditions.)
(b) If voltage is less than two-thirds of
rated voltage, replace batteries.
(c) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
3. Defective vacuum (a) Test amplifier tube VI. Replace
tubes. tube if necessary.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
4. Defective handset (a) Replace handset and/or cord ac
and /or cord. cording to procedure outlined in
paragraph lla.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given "below.
i

5. Defective relay KI. (a) Check continuity through relay Kl.


If relay is faulty, replace it accord
ing to the procedure outlined in par
agraph life.

(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.
6. Defective cradle (a) Check contacts of cradle switch SI.
switch SI. (b) If contacts are defective and can
not be adjusted, replace switch ac
cording to procedure outlined in
paragraph ll/.

(c) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.
7. Transmitting ampli (a) Make voltage and resistance meas
fier. urements on circuit.
(b) Make any necessary repairs as indi
cated by voltage and resistance
measurements.

30
c. Symptom : High Noise Level Prevails.

PROBABLE
LOCATION OF PROCEDURE
FAULT
1. Line wires grounded. (a) Follow the procedure given in para
graph 15.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
2. Defective vacuum (a) Replace each vacuum tube until
tubes. noise ceases.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
3. Defective batteries. (a) Replace batteries.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.
4. Loose connections. (a) Check all soldered connections,
switch contacts, and relay contacts.
(b) Make any necessary repairs as de-
termined by the above inspection.

d. Symptom Visual Signal or Bell Does Not Operate, De


:

pending on the Setting of the SIG-BELL Switch.

PROBABLE
LOCATION OF PROCEDURE
FAULT
1. Line wires. (a) Follow the procedure given in para
graph 15.
(b) If trouble is not corrected, follow
procedure given below.

31
2. Defective bell or vis (a) Measure resistance between binding
ual signal. posts. Resistance should be 1,300
ohms when the SIG-BELL switch is
in the BELL position, and 1,300
ohms in the SIG position.
(c) Check visual signal or bell, as the
case may be.

(d) If trouble is not corrected, follow


procedure given below.
3. Defective switch on (a) Check switch contacts on Generator
Generator GN-38-B. GN-38-B.
(b) If switch is defective, try to adjust
according to procedure given in
paragraph 12c (3).
(c) Iftrouble is not corrected, replace
generator.

e. Symptom: No Ringing Current Output.

PROBABLE
LOCATION OF PROCEDURE
FAULT
Defective GN-38-B. (a) Check switch contacts on Generator
GN-38-B.
(b) If switch is defective, try to adjust
according to procedure given in par
agraph 12c (3).

(c) Iftrouble is not corrected, replace


generator.

32
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CAPACITOR COLOR CODE


0
C0L0R TW0 ROWS 0F D0TS
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INDICATES FIRST SIGNIFICANT FIGURE 0F D0T A


D0T A
CAPACITANCE VALUE IN MICR0MICR0FARA0S

SECOND SIGNIFICANT FIGURE D0T B


D0T B INDICATES

INDICATES THIRD SIGNIFICANT FIGURE D0T C

D0T C INDICATES MULTIPLIER D0T B

INDICATES T0LERANCE IN PER CENT 0F THE


USUAL T0LERANCE D0T E
N0MINAL CAPACITANCEVALUE IF N0 C0L0R
20% APPEARS T0LERANCE IS 20X

RATED V0LTAGE D0T F


INDICATES THE RATED V0LTAGE
USUALLY 500 V0LTS

T0LERANCE RATED V0LTAGE


SIGNIFICANT FIGURE PER CENT

BLACK 0 I
10 1 100
BROWN 1
RED 2 100 2 20O
0RANGE 1000 3 300
4 400
YELL0W
GREEN | 10,000
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1,000,000
5
6
500
600
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VI0LET 7 10,000,000 7 T00
a 100,000,000 8 eoo
GRAY
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WHITE
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G0LD
0.0I 10 2,000
SILVER
20 500
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74
TM 11-2059
C2

TECHNICAL MANUAL

TELEPHONE TP-9
CHANGES 1 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
No. 2 J WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 6 June 1950

TM 11-2059, 9 December 1944, is changed as follows:

6.1 (added). Operation in Arctic Winter Temperatures


a. EFFECT OF WINTER IN ABCTIO ON EQXOTMENT.
CONDITIONS In
the Arctic it is often essential to operate Telephone TP-9 in tem
peratures as low as 60 F. Under conditions of extremely low
temperature combined with the effects of ice, snow, rain, fog, frost,
or moisture caused by temperature changes condensed on the equip
ment, the efficiency of the telephone can be severely affected. Dry-cell
batteries lose considerable electrical capacity in low temperatures be
cause of decreased chemical activity, and in very low temperatures
become unusable. In addition, the generator shaft and gears may
freeze, and moisture condenses and freezes on the transmitter
diaphragm.
6, OPERATION IN ARCTIC WINTER TEMPERATDKBS. To insure the
satisfactory performance of Telephone TP 9 in temperatures as low
as 60 F. when operation of this equipment is essential, proceed as
follows :
(1) Replace the three Batteries BA-2 with low-temperature
... Batteries BA-2002/U, Battery BA-27 with Battery
BA-2027/U, and Battery BA-65 with Battery BA-2065/U.
(2) Protect the handset transmitter and receiver with Micro
phone Cover CW-lll/U (Signal Corps stock No. 2B250-111)
to prevent the accumulation of frost on the transmitter dia
phragm and to prevent frostbite when the operator's ear
comes in contact with the cold receiver cap.
(3) Remove the lubricant from Generator GN-38-B and relubri-
cate according to instructions in paragraph 13c.

11.1 (added). Replacing Parts in Arctic Winter Temperatures


When replacing parts in temperatures as low as 60 F. and during
adverse weather conditions, replace only those parts necessary to
keep the set in operation. Except for replacing batteries, vacuum
tubes, and the handset (par. 10a) , make all other repairs in a heated
shelter.
AGO2377B June 851746 50
TM 11-2059
C 2

13. Lubrication

In * * * procedure given below.


general, lubrication
a. Clean all dirt
* * * and gear surfaces. Use a cloth or sash
brush moistened with solvent (SD). Do not allow solvent (SD) to
enter the armature coiL
Note. Leaded gasoline will * for any purpose. Solvent, dry-cleaning
(SD), Federal Specification P-S-661a, Is available, as a cleaning fluid, through
established supply channels. Oil, Fuel, Diesel, U. S. Army Specification 2-102B,
may be used for cleaning purposes when solvent (SD) is not at hand. Since

* *..*.*
unleaded gasoline * * * of electronic equipment.
*
To insure satisfactory performance of Generator
* *
e. (Added.)
GN-38-B at temperatures as low as 60 F., remove the lubricant
from the generator gears and bearings as directed in a, above and
relubricate sparingly at the points indicated in figure 10 with oil,
lubricating, aircraft instrument (Army-Navy spec AN-0-11, Quarter
master supply No. 14-0-1341). Be especially careful not to over-
lubricate, and be sure that the lubricant does not touch electrical
contact parts. If
electrical contact parts have been touched with oil,
make sure that no oil remains on any contact surfaces. During other
seasons of the year when weather in the Arctic becomes milder, re-
lubricate with the lubricants recommended in figure 10.
In figure 10, change designation PS to read PL. Change the lubri
cant key to read PL OIL, LUBRICATING, PRESERVATIVE,
SPECIAL JAN-L-644; GLGREASE, LUBRICATING, IN
STRUMENTUSA 2-134.

13.1 (added). Weatherproofing


Signal Corps equipment, when operated under severe climatic con
ditions such as prevail in tropical, Arctic, and desert regions, requires
special treatment and maintenance. Fungus growth, insects, dust,
corrosion, salt spray, excessive moisture, and extreme temperatures
are harmful to most materials.

13.2 (added). Tropical Maintenance


A special moistureproofing and fungiproofing treatment has been
devised which, if properly applied, provides a reasonable degree of
protection. This treatment is explained fully in TB SIG 13, Moisture-
proofing and Fungiproofing Signal Corps Equipment, and TB SIG 72,
Tropical Maintenance of Ground Signal Equipment,
AGO 2377B
TM 11-2059
C 2

14.1 (added). Winter Maintenance


a. GENERAL. Special precautions necessary to make equipment
perform satisfactorily and to prevent total operational failure in ex
tremely low temperatures are explained fully in TB SIG 66, Winter
Maintenance of Signal Equipment, and TB SIG 219, Operation of
Signal Equipment at Low Temperatures.
b. TELEPHONE TP-9. Telephone TP-9 will give satisfactory per
formance in temperatures as low as 60 F. provided additional main
tenance is performed and precautions are taken to prevent equipment
failure. When the telephone is used under conditions such as prevail
in the Arctic during the winter, the following problems may be
encountered :

(1) The shock-resistant characteristics of material change at


very low temperatures, and steel shrinks and becomes brittle.
Handle the equipment with reasonable care.
(2) Glass is susceptible to sudden temperature changes. The
difference between a low air temperature and the warmth of
a man's breath may shatter a vacuum tube.
(3) Dry -cell batteries may become nonoperative at
completely
extremely low temperatures. Use low-temperature batteries
(par. 6.1&).
(4) Extreme cold will cause cords and wiring to become brittle.
Handle handset cords and wiring carefully.
(5) Frost which forms from the breath in the holes of the hand
set transmitter affects transmission. Place a protective cover
(par. 6.15) over the transmitter before placing the equipment
in operation, and have a spare transmitter unit available in
case the one in use fails to function properly. ,. .r ..-
(6) Water in the receiver will freeze and impede the action of
the diaphragm, and a receiver exposed to very low tempera
tures may freeze the operator's ear if he uses the receiver in
contact with his ear. Place a protective cover (par. 6.1&)
over the handset receiver before using the equipment-- If
the receiver becomes wet, unscrew the bakelite cap, remove
the ice, and wipe the receiver unit dry with a dry cloth.
(7) The shafts and gears of the hand generator will be difficult
to turn if these parts are not lubricated properly for cold
weather operation. Lubricate for Arctic winter operation
according to instructions in paragraph 13c. -.--"..

AGO 2377B
TM 11-2059
Cl

14.2 (added). Desert Maintenance.

a. GKNEHAL. Special precautions necessary to prevent equipment


failure in areas subject to extremely high temperatures, low humidity,
and excessive sand and dust are fully explained in TB SIG 75, Desert
Maintenance of Ground Signal Equipment.
&. TELEPHONE TP-9. Special dustproofing treatment is not neces
sary for Telephone TP-9. Take all possible precautions to keep
dust, dirt, and sand from getting on lubricated parts. Daily inspec
tion and cleaning of the equipment is recommended. Instead of
merely adding new lubricants to the generator, clean and relubricate
the equipment whenever practicable.

14.3 (added). Lubrication Under Extreme Temperature Con


ditions
The effects of extreme cold and heat on materials and lubricants
are explained in TB SIG 69, Lubrication of Ground Signal Equip
ment. Observe all precautions and pay strict attention to all lubrica
tion instructions when operating equipment under conditions of ex
treme cold or heat.

29.1 (added). Preventive Maintenance Techniques in the


Arctic

a. ARCTIC WINTER CONDITIONS. Because of extremely low tempera


tures, often as low as 60 F., adverse weather conditions, and the
bulky protective clothing worn by operating personnel, preventive
maintenance techniques that can be performed by using organizations
in the open or in unheated shelters are limited necessarily to those
operations which must be performed to keep a system functioning and
which can be performed when the operator's hands are protected by
gloves. Wherever possible, except for changing batteries and vacuum
tubes and for performing the operations for items 1 through 5 in the
check sheet (par. 48), perform preventive maintenance operations in
a heated shelter.
b. OTHER ARCTIC CONDITIONS. During other seasons of the year,
temperature and weather conditions in the Arctic range from very
low temperatures with ice and snow to mild weather such as is found
in temperate climates. Therefore, preventive maintenance operations
by using personnel will vary from those given in a above, to normal

AGO 2377B
TM 11-2059
C 2

*******
temperate zone operations during the season of the year when the
weather is not severe.

30. Telephone Exterior

c. CLEAN Wipe all dust * * * hand generator crank.


(C).
Under normal weather conditions and in a heated shelter under
Arctic winter conditions, wash the carrying strap with a stiff bristle
brush and soap and water. Scrub the carrying * * * soap is
removed.

48. Preventive Maintenance Check Sheet


* * *
The following check and adjusted (A).
When performed
Item Opera Description Echelon
tions
Daily Weekly Monthly

1 ITC Telephone exterior (par. 30) ' X 1st


2 1C Handset (par. 31) * X 1st
8 1C Cord (par. 32) l X 1st
4 ITC Line binding posts (par. 33) * X 1st
6 1C Battery compartments (par. 34) *
X 1st
* * * * * * *

F2 I T C A L
Feel Inspect Tighten Clean Adjust Lubricate
(Added) 1 These operations can be performed when no heated shelter Is available.
>The Feel operation Is Inapplicable to Telephone TP-9.

AG 300.7 (10 May 50)

AGO 2377B
TM 11-2059
C2
6

BY ORDER OF THE SECliETAK Y OF Til E ABUT :

OFFICIAL: J. LAWTON COLLINS


EDWARD F. WITSELL Chief of Staff, United States Army
Major General, USA
The Adjutant General

DISTRIBUTION :
Tech Sv (2) except 11 (50) ; Arm & Sv Bd (1) Bd (ea Sv ; AFF
Test Sec) (1) ; AFF (5) ; OS Maj Comd (5) ; Base Comd (3) ;
MDW (5) ; A (20) ; CHQ (2) ; FC (2) ; USMA (5) ; Sch (2)
except 11 (10) ; Gen Dep (2) ; Dep 11 (5) ; Tng Div (2) ; PE
(10) ; OSD (2) ; Lab 11 (2) ; 4th & 5th Ech Maint Shops 11
(2) ; Two (2) copies to each of the following T/O & E's :
6-10-1N; 6-12; 6-76; 6-77; 6-160-lN; 6-166N; 6-196; 11-7N;
11-47; 11-57N; 11-107; 11-127; 11-557T; 11-587; 11-592;
11-597; 44-10-1; 44-16; 44-116; 44-138; SPECIAL DISTRI
BUTION.
For explanation of distribution formula, see SR 310-90-1.

AGO 2377B
. i. ovFRNKF.sr rnTi OFFICE: HBO