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Kate Pasma

UWRT 1102-004

25 February, 2017

Annotated Bibliography
Topic: Animal Assisted Therapy

Lines of Inquiry: How can this form of therapy replace medicine? Is it useful in all situations or

mainly severe or mild cases? What field of medicine is it best used in, physical health or mental

health?

Works Cited

Barker, Sandra B., and Kathryn S. Dawson. "The Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Anxiety

Ratings of Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients." Psychiatric Services 49.6 (1998): 797-801.

Web. 25 Feb. 2017.

<https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sandra_Barker3/publication/13650747_The_Effect

s_of_Animal-

Assisted_Therapy_on_Anxiety_Ratings_of_Hospitalized_Psychiatric_Patients>. Animal-

assisted therapy involves interaction between patients and a trained animal, along with its

human owner or handler, with the aim of facilitating patients progress toward therapeutic

goals. This study examined whether a session of animal-assisted therapy reduced the

anxiety levels of hospitalized psychiatric patients and whether any differences in

reductions in anxiety were associated with patients diagnoses. Statistically significant

reductions in anxiety scores were found after the animal-assisted therapy session for

patients with psychotic disorders, mood disorders, and other disorders. This study is just

another reference to how effective this form of therapy is for people who struggle with

psychiatric disorders. The more evidence that there is to confirm this belief, the more

widely accepted it will be.

Berget, Bente, ivind Ekeberg, and Bjarne O. Braastad. "Animal-assisted Therapy with Farm
Animals for Persons with Psychiatric Disorders: Effects on Self-efficacy, Coping Ability

and Quality of Life, a Randomized Controlled Trial." Clinical Practice and Epidemiology

in Mental Health 4.1 (2008): 9. Web. 25 Feb. 2017. <DOI:10.1186/1745-0179-4- 9>. The

benefits of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) for humans with mental disorders have been

well-documented using cats and dogs, but there is a complete lack of controlled studies

using farm animals as therapeutic agents for psychiatric patients. The study examined the

effects of a 12-week intervention with farm animals on self-efficacy, coping ability and

quality of life among adult psychiatric patients with a variety of psychiatric

diagnoses.There were no significant changes in any of the variables during the

intervention. AAT with farm animals may have positive influences on self-efficacy and

coping ability among psychiatric patients with long lasting psychiatric symptoms.

Chandler, Cynthia K. Animal Assisted Therapy in Counseling. 2nd ed. Place of Publication Not

Identified: ROUTLEDGE, 2017. Print. This book is a very good source for overall

information about Animal Assisted Therapy. It covers many aspects of the field and

explains topics well. I will use this book to learn more about each topic and use it as

reference for many aspects of my paper.

Howard, Beth. "Animals That Heal." Charlotte Magazine. N.p., 25 Oct. 2012. Web. 25 Feb.

2017.<http://www.charlottemagazine.com/Charlotte-Magazine/November-2012/Animals-

That-Heal/>. The physiological eects of animals are only some of the obvious ways

they can boost human health. Animal-assisted activities such as therapeutic horseback

riding and pet therapy programs are ourishing. The reason I chose this article was

because it includes some personal interviews and stories about people who have used

AAT. I think that personal examples are a good way to provide the audience with a
connection to the information.

Jasperson, Rachael A. "Animal-Assisted Therapy with Female Inmates with Mental Illness: A

Case Example From a Pilot Program." Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 49.6 (2010):

417-33. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

<http://dx.doi.org.librarylink.uncc.edu/10.1080/10509674.2010.499056>. Women ages

26-42 at the Utah State Prison were placed into groups of 5 and given time to interact

with a dog. As the study was conducted, the women were observed by researchers who

then analyzed their behavior during the group time with the animal and while they went

about their normal day. By the end of the study, the women were found to be happier and

more social in their everyday lives. This study provides information for how animals can

help people in extreme situations. i can use this study to showcase how animals can

positively impact a person's overall happiness and mental state.

Marcus, Dawn A. "The Science Behind Animal-Assisted Therapy." Current Pain and Headache

Reports 17.4 (2013): n. pag. Web. 25 Feb. 2017. <DOI:10.1007/s11916-013-0322-2>.

Animal Assisted Therapy has been complimentary of medical intervention. Several

studies have reported significant pain relief after participating in therapy dog visits.

Objective reports of reduced pain and pain-related symptoms are supported by studies

measuring decreased catecholamines and increased endorphins in humans receiving

friendly dog visits.This journal explores a variety of possible theories that may explain

the therapeutic benefits that occur during therapy dog visits.

Souter, Megan A., and Michelle D. Miller. "Do Animal-Assisted Activities Effectively Treat

Depression? A Meta-Analysis." Anthrozoos: A Multidisciplinary Journal of The

Interactions of People & Animals 20.2 (2007): 167-80. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.
<DOI:10.2752/175303707X207954>. The researchers conducted a meta-analysis to

determine the effectiveness of animal-assisted activities (AAA) and animal-assisted

therapy (AAT) for reducing depressive symptoms in humans. The effect size for these

studies was of medium magnitude and statistically significant, indicating that AAA/AAT

are associated with fewer depressive symptoms. This analysis revealed gaps in the

research on AAA/AAT, which we attempted to identify in order to better understand the

factors that make AAA and AAT effective at reducing depression.

"What Is Animal Assisted Therapy?" Aatsct. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2017.

<http://www.aatsct.org/what-is-animal-assisted-therapy>. This website is run by an

organization that is well known for proposing and helping families get started with AAT.

This specific page is an overview of what AAT is and how it can help a person with their

mental and physical health. Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is the use of animals as a

therapeutic tool to assist a person in restoring balance to their life. AAT is a goal directed,

documented process to achieve a specific outcome for a client who is suffering from a

physical, cognitive, or emotional disability in their life.