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Introduction to Law

Center of Studies for Real of Estate


Management,
Faculty of Architecture, Planning and
Surveying,
Universiti of Teknologi MARA
40450 Shah Alam,
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Email
rohayumajid@salam.uitm.edu.my
rohayumajid@gmail.com

March - July 2016 Law of Property I: RAM 1


The Meaning of LAW

Laymen perspectives A general rule of conduct


Oxford English Dictionary The body of enacted or customary rules
recognized by a community as binding
Sir John Salmond (author of The body of principles recognized and applied by
book the State in administration of justice
Jurisprudence)
Common Definition Rules recognized and applied by the State in
the administration
A body of rules which are enforced by the State
Article 160 (2) of Federal The term LAW includes:
Constitution 1957 & Item The written law
(43C) of Section 2(1) of Common law in so far it is in the federation or
the Interpretation and any part thereof
General Clauses Ordinance Any custom or usage having the force of law in the
1948 federation or in any part thereof

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LAW in relation to justice

To attain justice in society (JUSTICE: is an


abstract idea of right and wrong, fairness and
AIMS equality)
To encourage the doing of what is right or just
in a particular set of circumstances

Laws which coincide with the peoples idea of


REALITY justice are more likely to be respected, obeyed and
enforced.
However, societal norms change from time to
time.Therefore, what is seen to be JUST today,
may not be so in the future.

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CLASSIFICATION OF LAW

LAW

INTERNATIONAL
LAW
(Law that
PRIVATE
prevails between
LAW
States)
(Law
PUBLIC LAW governing
(individuals and the individuals)
State) PRIVATE
PUBLIC
INTERNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL
LAW LAW

CRIMINAL LAW
CONSTITUTION
(offences against the CONTRACT TORT TRUST
AL LAW
State. Obligations (Rights and (Offences (Relationship
(rights of individuals
imposed on Obligations that against between trustee
in the State)
individuals) arise by agreement) individuals) and beneficiary)

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CONSTITUTIONAL
LAW
PUBLIC LAW
Rights of individuals in the State.
Deals with supremacy of Parliament and Public law is basically
rights of citizens the law which governs
Also dealing with state and federal the relationship
powers between individuals and
the State.

It is sub divided into


CRIMINAL LAW two categories:-
Codifies the various offences committed by CONSTITUTIONAL
individuals against the State such like, murder, LAW
cheating, criminal breach of trust, forgery, causing CRIMINAL LAW
griveous hurt, theft, robbery and counterfeiting.
Aims at punishing criminals and suppressing
crime.

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