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Original Title: Alternating Current

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1. When an AC source is connected to an ideal capacitor, show that the average power supplied by the

source over a complete cycle is zero.

2. A bulb is connected in series with a variable capacitor and an AC source as shown. What happens to

the brightness of the bulb when the key is plugged in and capacitance of the capacitor is gradually

reduced?

3. In a series LCR circuit connected to an A.C. source of voltage v = Vmsint, use phasor diagram to derive

an expression for the current in the circuit. Hence, obtain the expression for the power dissipated in

the circuit. Show that power dissipated at resonance is maximum.

2016

5. You are given three circuit elements X, Y and Z. When the element X is connected across an A.C. source

of a given voltage, the current and the voltage are in the same phase. When the element Y is

connected in series with X across the source, voltage is ahead of the current in phase by /4. But the

current is ahead of the voltage in phase by /4 when Z is connected in series with X across the source.

Identify the circuit elements X, Y and Z. When all the three elements are connected in series across

the same source, determine the impedance of the circuit. Draw a plot of the current versus the

frequency of applied source and mention the significance of this plot.

2015

6. Why is the use of A.C. voltage preferred over D.C. voltage? Give two reasons.

7. A voltage V=V0sin t is applied to a series LCR circuit. Derive the expression for the average power

dissipated over a cycle. Under what condition is (i) no power dissipated even though the current flows

through the circuit, (ii) maximum power dissipated in the circuit?

2014

8. In a series LCR circuit connected to an A.C. source of variable frequency and voltage = Vmsint,

draw a plot showing the variation of current (I) with angular frequency () for two different values

of resistance R1 and R2 (R1 > R2). Write the condition under which the phenomenon of resonance

occurs. For which value of the resistance out of the two curves a sharper resonance is produced?

Define Q-factor of the circuit and give its significance.

2013

9. The figure shows a series LCR circuit with L = 5.0 H , C= 80F and R= 40 connected to variable

frequency 240 V source . Calculate

a. The resonating angular frequency

b. Current at resonating angular frequency

c. The rms potential drop across the capacitor at resonance.

2012

10. Derive an expression for the impedance of a series LCR circuit connected to an AC supply of variable

frequency. Plot a graph showing variation of current with the frequency of the applied voltage.

Explain briefly how the phenomenon of resonance in the circuit can be used in the tuning

mechanism of a radio or a TV set.

2011

11. A voltage V=V0sin t is applied to a series LCR circuit. Derive the expression for the average power

dissipated over a cycle. Under what condition is (i) no power dissipated even though the current flows

through the circuit, (ii) maximum power dissipated in the circuit?

2010

1. LCR circuit

2. Power factor

3. Resonance in AC circuit.

4. Concept of Iav, Irms

5. Transformers and losses in transformers

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