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Ingeniera Qumica

TRANSFERENCIA DE MASA
Tercera Prctica Calificada

Alumno
Tenorio Lpez, Jhonny

Profesor:
Mara Quintana

Fecha de entrega: 1 de mayo

2017
3.16. Material balances: adsorption of benzene vapor on activated
carbon.
Activated carbon is used to recover benzene from a nitrogen-benzene from
a nitrogen-benzene vapor mixture. A nitrogen-benzene mixture at 306 K and
1 atm containing 1% benzene by volume is to be passed counter currently
at the rate of 1.0 m3/s to a moving stream of activated carbon so as to
remove 85% of the benzene from the gas in a continuous process. The
entering activated carbon contains 15 cm 3 benzene vapor (at STP) adsorbed
per gram of the carbon. The temperature and total pressure are maintained
at 306 K and 1 atm. Nitrogen is not adsorbed.

a) Plot the equilibrium data given below as X= kg benzene / kg dry


carbon, Y= kg benzene / kg nitrogen for a total pressure of 1 atm.
Solucin:

0 0

() ()
15 0.55
25 0.95
40 1.63
cm3
V = 50 . P= 2.18 .torr
g
65 3.26
80 4.88
90 6.22
100 7.83

g
M A=78
mol
g
M B=28
mol

T =306 K

P=1 atm

V.MA M
X=
22400
cm
3
Y = ( p
. A
760.torr p M B )
mol

Usando excel:

X Y
0 0
0.052 2.017 x
10-3
0.087 3.487 x
10-3
0.139 5.987 x
10-3
0.174 8.014 x
10-3
0.226 0.012
0.279 0.018
0.313 0.023
0.348 0.029

b) Calculate the minimum flow rate required of the entering activated


carbon (remember that the entering carbon contains some adsorbed
benzene).
Solucin:
1. M A
Y 1= Y =0.028 Y 2=0.15Y 1 Y 2=4.221 x 103
99. M B 1

cm
3
V2MA
V 2=15 X= X 2=0.052
g 2 cm
3
22400
mol

Realizamos la grfica usando los valores de X y Y(Y x 10 4)


X vs Y

Localizamos los puntos X2,Y2 en la grfica, el punto X1MAX se dar en la


intercesin con el punto Y1.

X vs Y

0.99 . Q. P . M B kg
V s= V s =1.104
R.T s

Y 1 Y 2 kg
Lsmin =V s . L =0.091
X 1 max X 2 smin s

kg
Lmin =( 1+ X 2 ) Lsmin Lmin =0.096
s
c) If the carbon flow rate is 20% above the minimum, what will be the
concentration of benzene adsorbed on the carbon leaving?

Solucin:
kg
Ls=1.2. Lsmin Ls=0.109
g
( Y 1 +Y 2 ) . V S
X 1 = X 2+ X 1=0.295
LS
d) For the conditions of part (c), calculate the number of ideal stages
required.

Solucin:
0.2950.277
N=3+ N =3.31
0.3350.277

3.28. Countercurrent versus cross flow extraction


A 1-butanol acid solution is to be extracted with water. The butanol solution
contains 4.5 wt% of acetic acid and flows at the rate of 400 kg/h. A total
water flow rate of 1005 kg/h is used. Operation is at 298 K AND 1 atm. For
practical purposes, 1-butanol and water are immiscible, At 298 K, the
equilibrium data can be represent by Y AI= 0.62XAI, where YAI is the weight
ratio of acid in the aqueous phase and X AI is the weight ratio of acid in the
organic phase.
a) If the outlet butanol stream is to contain 0.10 wt% acid, how many
equilibrium stages are required for a countercurrent cascade?

Solucin:

kg kg kg
m=0.62 Vs=1005 Ls=955.400 Ls=0.106
h h s
Ls
A= A=0.613
m .Vs
Y 1=0.0
4.5
X 2= X 2=0.047
95.5
0.10 3
X 1= X 1=1.001 x 10
99.9
X2
ln( ( 1A ) + A )
X1
N= 1
N=5.999
ln ( A )

b) If the water is split up equally among the same number of stages, but
in a across-flow cascade, what is the outlet 1-butanol concentration?

1005 kg
Vs= Vs=0.047
6 h
m. Vs
S= S=0.272
Ls
Entonces:

N=
ln ( XX 21 )
ln ( S+1 )

X 1=0.011

X1
x 1= =1.101
1+ X 1