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More Schooling, More Money By: Jazmyn Colon-Johnson April 21, 2017 In the United States, children and teenagers are required by law to attend school until the age of sixteen. Image this; you live in a country where you could drop out of school at the age of twelve. This would not be the best idea if you would want a good paying job in the future. In order to provide for yourself in the future, you would want a good educational background. Dropping out of school would not help children in the future. Some kids in Sub-Saharan Africa drop out of school while they are really young. In Sub-Saharan, this affects the girls the most because they drop out of school more than boys. For example, “an estimated 31 million girls of primary school age and 32 million girls of lower secondary school age were out of school in 2013” (Girls' Education and Gender Equality). Because of this, I would like the Sub-Saharan African government to implement an education policy that requires all children and or teenagers to stay in school until the age of sixteen.

Everyone deserves the right to education. Would you be satisfied with only having a limited amount of education? I know that I would not be satisfied. I would be upset because in this world people need education and especially women. In Sub-Saharan it seems like girls drop out more because parents would rather see their sons in school than their daughters. Additional research shows that families would rather send their boys to schools than girls. The online article from the United Nations explains how "When families face economic problems they prefer to invest their limited resources in the education of boys rather than provide what is considered as 'prestigious' education for girls who would eventually marry and abandon their professions anyway" (Overall

Status of Women in Africa).This is a huge problem. This will eventually lead the girls into becoming dependent on a man. Since the men in Sub-Saharan have more education than women, most likely their wives will be dependent on them. Their wives will be dependent on their husbands because they dropped out of school at an early age so they cannot provide for their families alone. If the Sub-Saharan government passes this law, women would at least have enough education to get a paying job. It is stated that “eighty-four percent of employed women work without pay within families” (African Renewal). Because of the lack of education as a child, women are forced to work

without pay. If women were able to stay into school until the age of sixteen, they might at least qualify for some paying jobs. Figure 1 from the IMF working papers by Christine Dierterich, Anni Huang, and Alun Thomas explains employment sectors by gender. Figure 1 shows Sub-Saharan countries employment sectors by gender. This chart shows “the marginal impact of education, in terms of moving the population out of the agriculture, reaches its peak at secondary education which is the gateway to the formal wage sector for both genders” (Dierterich, Huang, and Thomas). It is also stated that “females benefit more from secondary education as the marginal increase in wage employment is largest when females gain secondary education” (Dierterich, Huang, and Thomas). If girls in Sub-Saharan Africa stay in school until the age of sixteen they will able to qualify for agriculture jobs because they would have completed their secondary education credits.

Figure: 1 Employment Sectors, by Gender

In order for most people to be able to survive on their own, they need a

In order for most people to be able to survive on their own, they need a good education. Implementing this law would help the people and especially women in Sub-Saharan Africa gain so many opportunities. Being in school until the age of sixteen will help women in Africa have a better chance of getting a job. If this law is implemented women in Sub-Saharan Africa will achieve a lot. An article stated that, “educated women are less likely to marry early and against their will; less likely to die in childbirth; more likely to have healthy babies; and are more likely to send their children to school” (Girls' Education and Gender Equality). This shows that by keeping our women in school, less harm would happen to them in their lives. Therefore, the Sub-Saharan African government should implement this law for the betterment of their people and especially for the betterment their women.

References "Africa Renewal Magazine | Africa’s Hard Road to the Millennium Development Goals." United Nations. United Nations, Aug. 2010. Web. 20 Apr. 2017. Dierterich, Christine, Anni Huang, and Alun Thomas. "IMF Working Paper." International Monetary Fund, 2016. Web. 20 Apr. 2017. "Girls' Education and Gender Equality." UNICEF. UNICEF, 23 July 2015. Web. 20 Apr. 2017. "Overall Status of Women in Africa." Overall Status of Women in Africa. United Nations University, n.d. Web. 20 April. 2017.