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AC Led Circuit Diagram

AC Led Circuit Diagram

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AC Led Circuit Diagram

The circuit given here uses a super-bright white Light


Emitting Diode works on 230V AC with minimal power
consumption. It can be easily assembled on a general
purpose PCB. It can be used as garden lights, indoor
lights, panel lights, etc. Good quality Super-bright LEDs
available in the market costs about `7 to `10.

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AC Led Circuit Diagram

These LEDs emit a 1000-12000 mCd bright white light


like welding arc and works on 3 volts. The forward
current of each LED may vary from 20mA to 120mA.
Their maximum voltage is 3.6 volts. Anti-static
precautions should be taken while handling these LEDs.
In this circuit, I have used 40 numbers of 8mm straw hat
LED with a forward current of 120mA.

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AC Led Circuit Diagram

The LEDs in water-clear plastic package emit spotlight,


while diffused type LEDs have a wide-angle radiation
pattern. This circuit employs capacitive reactance for
limiting the current flow through the LEDs on application
of mains voltage to the circuit. If we use only a series
resistor for limiting the current with mains operation, the
limiting resistor itself will dissipate around 2 to 3 watts of
power, whereas no power is dissipated on using a
capacitor.

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AC Led Circuit Diagram

The 2W series resistor at the input avoids heavy inrush


current during transients. MOV at the input prevents
sudden surges or spikes, protecting the circuit. The 390-
kilo-ohm, -watt resistor acts as a bleeder to provide
discharge path for capacitor C1 when mains supply is
disconnected.

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AC Led Circuit Diagram
Filter capacitor C2 across the output provides flicker free
light. The circuit can be enclosed in a LED panel case as
shown below and can be connected directly to 230VAC
through a wire. A series combination of 40 LEDs gives a
luminance (lux) equivalent of a 40W bulb.

For component details and calculation, please click here!


How to calculate the value of I, the current flowing
through the LED? Click here!
https://kitszone.com/electronicsblog/2017/05/03/ac-led-
circuit-diagram-led-lighting-circuits-220v-ac230v-ac/
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