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BE- Sem - I

Mathematics-I

grals, applications to area, volume.

maxima and minima, Lagrange multipliers.

mula.

integrals.

Texts/References

John-Wiley and Sons (2003).

1980.

Chemistry

1. Water Technology :

Introduction, sources of water Impurities in water, hard and soft water, Degree of

hardness, Types of hardness, Scale and sludge formation in boiler Boiler corrosion.

Caustic embrittlements, Priming and Foaming, Softening of water. Potable water,

Break point of chlorination, Desalination of Brackish water etc.

Introduction, Physical properties of metals, cast iron, wrought iron, steel, Heat

treatment of steel. Definition of alloy, purpose of making alloys. Classification of alloys.

Alloys of steel and its applications. Non-Ferrous alloys and its industrial applications.

Introduction, Theories of corrosion, Types of corrosion, Protection of metals from

corrosion organic and inorganic materials, Inhibitors, Cathodic protection.

Definition, types of fuel solids, liquids, gaseous and Nucleon fuels. Calorifio

Value, Characteristics of good fuel. Solid fuels coal, coke. Analysis of coal ultimate

and proximate Liquid fuel Petroleum. Refining of Petroleum by Fractional distillation.

Gaseous fuel coal-gas, bio gas produces gas and water gas. L.P.G. & CNG.

5. Lubricants :

Definition : Types of lubrication, classification of lubricants and their properties.

Functions of lubricants.

6. Cements :

Introduction Manufacturing of Lime, Gypsum and Cement and their properties.

Manufacturing of Portland cement, chemical composition of cement chemical

constituents of Portland cement, Setting and hardening of cement.

Introduction, Definition of Polymer. Types of Polymers, Types of Polymerization

reactions and their mechanism. Plastics, Classification of plastics Thermo plastics

and Thermo setting plastics. Molding constituents of plastics Engineering properties

and uses of plastics.

Definition of Rubber, Types of Rubber, Vulcanization of rubber. Application of

Rubber.

Introduction, Nature of environment and its problem due to over utilization of

natural sources. Environmental degradation Green house effect, acid rain, Ozone

depletion, Photochemical smog. Environmental problems in India, Environment

management and laws. Public awareness.

9. Natural and Synthetic Fibers :

Introduction Definition of Fiber, Types of fibers Natural, semi synthetic,

synthetic fibers. Physical properties of fibers. Essential requirement for fiber for

formation. Preparation, properties and uses of Cellulose acetic, Viscose Rayon, Nylon,

Polyesters acrylic, Glass fibers etc. Differentiate between wool and silk fibers. Spinning

processes Melt and Wet spinning.

Definition, Benefits through biotechnology Agriculture, Food quality, Medicines

etc. Fermentation, Fermentation processes, Enzymes and its application in industries.

Bio fuels and Bio membrane.

Introduction, Types of protective coatings metallic, chemical, organic,

electroplating. Paints and varnishes Ingredients, properties and uses, Enamels,

Lacquers etc.

Resources of energy, Appraisal resources problems, classification of Natural and

renewable resources. Destruction and Conservation.

Definitions of refractories, Abrasives and insulators. Properties of refractories.

Classification of refractories.

Classification, properties and uses of abrasives. Classification, properties and

uses of Insulators.

Introduction Types of analysis Physical, Chemical and instrumentation.

Physical analysis Specific gravity, Melting point, Boiling point, Crystallization.

Purification of compounds etc. Chemical analysis Quantitative and Qualitative

analysis of organic and inorganic compounds.

Instrumental analysis Spectroscopic, Chromatographic PH measurement,

Conductinity, Turbidity etc.

The topics No. 12, 13 and 14 are to be taught during practical hours as a part of

tutorial.

References :

1. Engineering Chemistry by Jain and Jain Publisher Dhanpat Rai Publishing Co.

2. Engineering Chemistry by Dr. O.P. Agrawal Khanna Publishers Delhi

3. Engineering Chemistry by N. Krishnamurthy, P. Vallinaygam and D. Madhavan

Publisher Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi

4. Engineering Chemistry by R. Gopalan, D. Venkappaya and Sulochana Nagarjan

5. Engineering Chemistry by C. Parameswara Murthy, C.V. Agrawal and Andra Naidu,

B.S. Publication, Hyderabad A.P.

6. Environmental Science by Y. Anjaneyulu B.S. Publishers, Hyderabad A.P.

7. Environmental Studies and Disaster Management by S.G. Shah, S.G. Shah and

Gopal N.Shah

8. Engineering Chemistry by B. Sivsankar The M.C. Grawhill Companies, New Delhi

Physics

1) Architectural Acoustics

Classification of Sound : Loudness Weber Fechner law Decibel Absorption

Coefficient Reverberation Salines formula Factors affecting acoustics of

buildings and their remedies.

2) Ultrasonic

Introduction, production, properties and detection of ultrasonics. Determination of

velocity and application of ultrasonic in Engineering.

3) Crystal Physics

Introduction and classification of solids-crystal structure The crystal systems and

Bravias Lattice Space Lattices of cubic systems Miller Indices Relation

between Interplanner Distance and cubic Edge and Laws Formula.

Based theory of Solids Classification of solids Energy band structure of

conductors, insulator and semi conductions types of diodes (simple diode, Zener

diode, varactor diode, LED Solar cells, photovoltaic cell, Photo Conductivity, Hall

effects.

5) LASERS :

Introduction and properties of Lasers, Stimulated and instantaneous emersion

Relation between Eciensteins A and B Coefficients-Population Inversion Optical

Pumping Nd-Yag Laser and CO2 Laser Application of Laser in Material

Processing Holography Application of Lasers

Fibre optics Basic principle Acceptance angle and Numerical Aperture Types

of optics preparation through optical fibre

7) Conducting Materials :

Introduction conduction in Metals, Electron theory Q.M. treatment Free electrode

theory of metals Electrical Conductivity Thermal Conductivity Wildemann

Franz law Drawbacks of classical free electrode theory

Introduction to super conductor properties of super conductor Type I and Type II

super conductor Comparision between I and II High T conductors Application

Introduction Metallic glasses, types, properties, preparation and its application

Introduction to nano technology method of producing, properties and its

application shape memory alloys types shape Memory effect Pseudo

elasticity properties application Bio-materials General information

Biomedical compatibly of Ti-Al-Nb alloys for implant application.

Introduction The objective of NDT Types of Defects Methods of NDT (Liquid

Penetrate Dye Penetrate Radiographic) x X-ray Radiography X-ray Fluoroscopy

Ultrasonic Inspection method Pulse Echo System Visual Display units.

Reference Books :

1) Engineering Physics K. Rajagopal Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,

New Delhi

2) Engg. Physics G. Vijayakumari Vikas Publishing House Pvt.

Ltd.

3) A Text book of Engg. Physics M.N. Aavadhalula S. Chand

P .G. Kshirsagar

4) Engg. Physics Abhijit Nayak S.K. Kataria & Sons.,

Delhi.

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

Description

1. Introduction: Scalar and Vector Quantities, composition and

resolution of vectors, system of units, definition of space, time,

particle, rigid body, force.

2. Fundamentals of Statics: Principles of statics, coplanar, concurrent

and non-concurrent, parallel and non-parallel forces, composition and

resolution of forces, moments & couples - their properties,

combination of coplanar couples and forces, equilibrant, equilibrium,

free body diagrams, analytical conditions of equilibrium for coplanar

force systems.

3. Truss: Simple determinate plane trusses and analysis for member

forces using methods of joints and methods of sections.

4. Distributed forces, center of gravity and moment of inertia:

Center of gravity of lines, plane areas, volumes and bodies, Pappus

Guldinus theorems, moment of inertia, polar moment of inertia &

radius of gyration of areas, parallel & perpendicular axes theorems.

5. Friction: Theory of friction, static and sliding friction, laws of friction,

angle and coefficient of friction, inclined plane friction, ladder friction,

wedges, belt and rope friction.

6. Simple Machines: Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage, efficiency,

reversibility of machines, simple machines such as levers, pulley and

pulley blocks, wheel and differential axle, Single purchase/double

purchase crab, compound screw jacks.

Properties related to axial, bending, and torsional & shear loading,

Toughness, hardness, proof stress, factor of safety, working stress,

load factor.

materials; limits of elasticity and proportionality, yield limit, ultimate

strength, strain hardening, section of composite materials, prismatic

and non-prismatic sections.

Strains: Linear, shear, lateral, thermal and volumetric, Poissons ratio.

Stresses: Normal stresses, axial tensile & compressive, shear and

complementary shear, thermal and hoop,. Applications to composite

material stepped & tapered bars.

9. Beam:

(a) Types of loads, Types of supports, Types of beams, Support

reactions for statically determinate beams

(b) Bending moment and Shear force , Bending moment and shear

force diagrams for statically determinate beams subjected to couples,

concentrated forces, uniformly distributed loadings, relation between

bending moment, shear force and rate of loading, point of contra-

flexure.

10. Stresses in beams: Theory of simple bending, bending stresses and

their distribution, moment of resistance, modulus of sections,

distribution of shear stresses in different sections.

11. Principal stresses and strains: Compound stresses, analysis of

principal planes and principal stresses, principal strains, angle of

obliquity of resultant stress, principal stresses in beams.

BOOKS :

1. Engineering Mechanics (Statics) Beer and Johnston

2. Applied Mechanics S. B. Junnarkar & H. J. Shah

3. Mechanics of Structure Vol. I S. B. Junnarkar & H. J. Shah

4. Mechanics of Materials Beer and Johnston.

Engineering Graphics

46. Use of plane scales and Representative Fraction.

Cycloidal Curves, Involutes and Spirals.

3. Loci of Points: Path of the points moving on simple arrangements and simple

mechanisms, slider crank mechanism, four bar chain mechanism etc.

of the points located in same quadrant and different quadrants, Projections of line with

its inclination to one reference plane and with two reference planes. True length of the

line and its inclination with the reference planes.

inclination to one reference plane and with two reference planes. Concept of auxiliary

plane method for projections of the plane.

like Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid and Prism with its inclination to one reference plane and

with two reference planes. Section of such solids and the true shape of the section.

Parallel Line Development and Radial Line Development.

Projections from the pictorial view of the object on the principal planes for View from

Front, View from Top and View from Side using first angle projection method and third

angle projection method, Full Sectional View.

orthographic views into isometric projection, isometric view or drawing.

NOTE: Topic No. 1, 8 and 9 of the above syllabus to be covered in Practical Hours.

Text Books:

1. A Text Book of Engineering Graphics By P.J.Shah

S.Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi

2. A Text Book of Machine Drawing By P.J.Shah

S.Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi

3. Elementary Engineering Drawing By N.D.Bhatt

Charotar Publishing House, Anand

4. Geometrical and Machine Drawing By N.D.Bhatt

Charotar Publishing House, Anand

Reference Books:

Tech Max Publication, Pune

2. Engineering Drawing & Graphics using Auto CAD 2000 By T. Jeyapoovan

Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

3. A text book of Engineering Drawing By R.K.Dhawan

S.Chand & Company Ltd., New Delhi

4. A text book of Engineering Drawing By P.S.Gill

S.K.Kataria & sons, Delhi

5. Engineering Drawing with an Introduction to AutoCAD By D.A.Jolhe

Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi

6. Computer Aided Engineering Drawing, S. Trymbaka Murthy

I.K.International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

Computer Programming and Utilization

Diagram and functions of various components of computer. Concept of

Hardware and Software. Concept of basic types of software. Introduction to

programming and programming languages. Flow charts and algorithms.

2 Introduction to C Language:

I Fundamentals of C: Data types in C. Operators and their hierarchy,

Concept of header files, I/O functions, control structures in C, looping

structures in C, arrays and strings.

parameters. Various types of parameter passing mechanisms. Recursive

functions and implementation of these concepts in C.

III Pointers and structures: Concepts of pointers and simple programs using

pointers. Introduction to simple structure and its implementations.

I Principles of object oriented programming, Comparison with procedural

languages, Tokens, expressions and control structures

Introduction to functions, classes, objects, constructors, destructors in C++.

Classes and Objects: Declaring classes, defining member functions, Making

an outside function inline, nesting of member functions, private member

II

functions, Arrays with in a class, Memory allocation of objects, static data

members, static member functions, arrays of objects, objects as function

arguments, friend function, returning of objects, const member function.

Text books:

1. Title : Programming in ANSI C, 4th edition

Author: Balagurusamy E

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company limited

2. Object oriented programming with C++, 3rd edition

Author: Balagurusamy E

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company limited

Communication Skills

Process, types and levels of communication.

Technical Communication and General Communication. Factors to be

considered in technical communication.

Components of Non-verbal Communication (Kinesics)

Barriers to effective communication. (Noise in oral and written

communication) Communication across cultures.

Unit 3 Listening skills - Types of Listening Active Listening V/s Passive Listening

Empathetic Listening. Traits of a good listener, barriers in effective listening,

Tips for effective listening.

locate, organizing contents. Preparing an outline of the presentation. Visual

aids, nuances of delivery, Body language and effective presentation.

Unit 5 Interviews

Introduction, General preparations for an interview, Types of questions

generally asked at the interviews. Types of interviews, Importance of non-

verbal aspects.

Introduction, Group discussions as a part of the selection process, guidelines

for group discussion. Role functions in group discussion.

sentences. Attributes of a good paragraph. Types of paragraphs.

Business Letters, Structure and types of a business letter, Letter of Inquiry,

Letters of complaint, regret and adjustment.

Introduction, types of reports, structure of reports, objectives and

characteristics of reports.

Definition, Purpose, Types, Characteristics, Structure, Style and appearance.

Introduction, Definition of an object or a process. Guidelines for writing good

description - organization, content, structure.

Purpose of reading, skimming and scanning. Tips for improving

comprehension skills.

Essential parts - Cover Letter and the resume. Types of resumes

(Curriculum Vitae) Chronological resume, functional resume.

Tense and the concept of Time. Passive Voice, Conditionals Prepositions,

Concord. Idioms, Confusables, one-word substitutes, homonyms,

homophones eponyms.

Reference books:

1. Technical Communication

Principles and Practice

- Meenakshi Raman, Sangeeta Sharma (OUP)

Cengage Publishers.

Andrea J. Rutherford (Pearson Education)

T.M. Farhathullah (Orient Longman)

Prepared by Humanities & Social Sciences Division.

Anna University, Chennai. (Orient Longman)

- Sunita Mishra, C, Murali Krishna (Pearson Education)

- K.R. Lakshminarayanan

(Scitech Publications, Chennai.)

- Dr. P.C. Shejwalkar (Everest Publishing House)

9. Business Communication Strategies

- Matthukutty M. Monippally

(Tata McGraw Hill)

- Allan Pease

(Sheldon Press, London)

- Geoffrey Leech, Jan Swartvik (ELBS with Longman)

Gujarat Technological University

Semester II

Maths II

Vectors in Rn, notion of linear independence and dependence, linear

span of a set of vectors, vector subspaces of Rn, basis of a vector

subspace.

null space, and column space, rank of a matrix.

formation, change of basis and similarity, rank-nullity theorem.

jections and least squares approximation.

of special matrices ( orthogonal, unitary, hermitian, symmetric, skew-

symmetric, normal). algebraic and geometric multiplicity, diagonaliza-

tion by similarity transformations, spectral theorem for real symmetric

matrices, application to quadratic forms.

Texts/References

John Wiley (1995).

son(2006).

of India (2000).

Wiley (1999).

Elements Of Civil Engineering

Introduction: Impact of Infrastructural Development on the Economy of a Country,

Role of Civil Engineers, Importance of Planning, Scheduling and Construction

Management.

II Surveying

Introduction: Surveying and levelling, Object and uses, Primary divisions,

Fundamental principles, Classification of surveying, Plans and maps, Scales, Units of

measure.

Linear measurements: Methods, Instruments used in chaining; Chain surveying,

Ranging; Obstacles; Errors in chaining, Tape corrections, Conventional symbols

Compass surveying: Types and uses of compass, Bearings, Whole Circle Bearings,

and Reduced Bearings, Computation of angles; Meridians; declinations and dip of

needle; Local attraction; Chain and compass surveying field work.

Elevation measurements: Levelling, object and uses, terms used in levelling, levelling

instruments, methods of levelling, recording and methods of reducing, errors in

levelling, contours; characteristics and applications.

Areas and volumes; use of a Planimeter.

Modern Tools of Surveying and Mapping: Introduction to Theodolite, Electronic

Distance Measurement Instruments, Total Station, Global Positioning System, Remote

Sensing and Geographic Information System.

III Construction Materials

Requirement, types, uses, properties and importance of Civil Engineering materials like

Stone, Bricks, Lime, Cement, Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals, Ceramic Materials,

Timber, Sand, Aggregate, Mortar and Concrete, Paints and Varnishes, Glass , Plastic,

Conducting, Magnetic, and Miscellaneous Materials.

IV Elements of Building Construction

Planning: Elementary principles and basic requirements of a building planning, layout

of residential & industrial buildings.

Construction: Classification of buildings based upon occupancy and structure, Design

Loads, Common building components, their functions, and nominal dimensions.

Elements of building drawing. Introduction to building byelaws.

V Water Resources Development

Elementary Hydrology, Sources of water, Watershed Development, water requirements

and its conservation, Hydraulic Structures of Storage, Water Conveyance System:

Canals; Water Conduits.

VI Transportation Engineering

Role of Transportation in National development, Transportation Ways, Surface

Transportation and Aviation, Elements of Highway materials properties and highway

construction, BOT Projects for Highways, Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic

Control.

Reference Books:

1) Title :Surveying Vol .I & II

Author: Dr. B. C. Punamia

Publisher : Laxmi Publication Delhi

2) Title :Surveying Vol. I and II

Author : S. K. Duggal

Publisher : Tata Macgraw hill Publication New Delhi

3) Title: Civil Engg. Drawing

Author : S. C. Rangwala

Publisher: Charotar Pub. House Anand

4) Title : Building Construction

Author : Dr. B. C. Punamia

Publisher: Laxmi Pub. Delhi

5) Title : Engineering Material

Author : Dr. S.C. Rangwala

Publisher: Charotar Pub. House

6) Title : Building Materials

Author: Dr. S. .K. Duggal

Publisher : New Age International Pub.House Delhi

7) Title : Civil Engineering Material

Author : Jakson and Dhir

Publisher : ELBS Publishing London

8) Title : Civil Engineering Material

Author : Jakson and Dhir

Publisher : ELBS Publishing London

9) Title : Highway Engineering

Author: Khanna S. K. and Justo C. E.G.

Publisher : Nemchand and Brothers

10 ) Title : Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures

Author : Santoshkumar Garg

Publisher : Khanna Publishers Delhi

Elements of Electrical Engineering

parallel in brief, star-delta combination of Resistances, KVL & KCL.

II Electrostatics & Capacitance:- Definitions of Electrostatic, types of capacitors,

series, parallel combinations & related circuit calculations in brief charging &

discharging of capacitor. Energy stored in capacitor.

III Electromagnetics:- Magnetic Circuit , Comparison Between Electric And

Magnetic Circuits , Series/Parallel Magnetic Circuit Calculations , Magnetic

Hysteresis, Hysteresis And Eddy Current Loss, Magnetic Materials,

Electromagnetic induction, Statically And Dynamically Induced E.M.F.S in brief,

Fleming's Right hand rule-Left hand rule, Coefficients Of Self And Mutual

Inductances , Coefficient Of Coupling, Series/Parallel Combinations Of

Inductances, Rise And Decay Of Current In Inductive Circuits , Force

Experienced By Current Carrying Conductor Placed In Magnetic Field.

IV Single Phase A.C. Circuits:- Generation Of Alternating Voltages &

Currents, Their Equations, Definitions , R.M.S. And Average Values , Vector

Representation Of Alternating Quantities , Addition And Subtraction Of Vectors

, Complex Algebra., Phasor Relations Between Voltage And Current In Each Of

Resistance, Inductance And Capacitance , A.C. Series And Parallel Circuits ,

Power And Power Factor , Methods Of Circuit Solution (Analytically &

Vectorially), Resonance In Series And Parallel Circuits.

V Polyphase Circuits:- Generation Of Polyphase Voltages , 3,Phase System ,

Phase Sequence, Inter Connection Of 3 Phases , Voltage, Current And Power

Relationships In Balanced Three Phase Circuits , Power Measurement In

Single Phase And 3 Phase Circuits.

VI Batteries, Cables:- Battery, life of batteries, charging & discharging of battery.

Cables, 2, 21/2, 3 and 4 core armored & unarmored cables.

VII Electrical Wiring:- Connectors & switches, system of wiring, domestic wiring

installation, sub circuits in domestic wiring, simple control circuit in domestic

installation, industrial electrification.

VIII Illumination:- Types of lamps, fixtures & reflectors, illumination schemes for

domestic, industrial & commercial premises, Lumen requirements for different

categories.

IX Safety & protection:- Safety, electric shock, first aid for electric shock other

hazards of electrical laboratories & safety rules, use of multimeters, grounding,

importance of grounding, equipment of grounding for safety. Circuit protection

devices, fuses, MCB, ELCB & relays.

Reference Books:

I Electrical Technology Vol.1 By B.L.Theraja

II Basic Electrical Engineering By V.N.Mittal

III Electrical Estimating & costing by Surjitsingh ( Dhanpat Rai & Co.)

Elements Of Mechanical Engineering

I Introduction: Prime movers, Sources of energy, Types of prime movers, Force and

mass, Pressure, Work, Power, Energy, Heat, Temperature, Units of heat, Specific

heat capacity, Interchange of heat, Change of state, Mechanical equivalent of heat,

Internal energy, Enthalpy,Entropy,Efficiency, Statements of Zeroth Law, First law

and Second Law of Thermodynamics.

II Fuels and Combustion: Introduction, Classification, Solid fuels, Liquid Fuels,

Gaseous fuels, LPG,CNG and biofuels ,Calorific values.

III Properties of gases : Gas laws, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Combined gas law,

Gas constant, Internal energy, Relation between Cp and Cv, Enthalpy, Non flow

process, Constant volume process, Constant pressure process, Isothermal process,

Poly-tropic process, Adiabatic process.

IV Properties of Steam : Introduction, Steam formation, Types of Steam, Enthalpy,

Specific volume of steam and dryness fraction of steam , Internal energy, Steam

tables, Non-flow process. Measurement of dryness fraction, Throttling

calorimeter, Separating calorimeter, Combined calorimeter.

V Heat Engines : Thermal prime movers, Elementary heat engines, Sources of heat,

Working substances, Converting machines, Classification of heat engines, Heat

engine cycles, Carnot cycle, , Rankine cycle, Ottocycle, Diesel cycle.

VI Steam Boilers : Introduction, Classification, Simple vertical boiler, Vertical multi-

tubular boiler, Cochran type, Lancashire boiler, Locomotive boiler, Babcock and

Wilcox boiler, High pressure boilers, Boiler details, Boiler performance.

Functioning of different mountings and accessories.

VII Internal Combustion Engines : Introduction, Classification, Engine details, otto

four-stroke cycle, Diesel-four-stroke cycle, Difference between otto cycle and

Diesel cycle, Two-stroke cycle, Difference between two-stroke and four-stroke

cycle, indicated power (ip), Brake Power (bp),Efficiencies.

VIII Speed Control: Introduction, Governors, I.C. Engine governing, Fly wheel.

IX Pumps : Introduction, Reciprocating pump, types and operation, Bucket pump, Air

Chamber, Centrifugal pumps, Types and Priming, Rotary pumps.

X Air Compressors: Introduction, Uses of Compressed air, Reciprocating

compressors, Operation of a compressor, Work for compression, Power required,

Reciprocating compressor efficiency, Multistage reciprocating compressors, Rotary

compressors.

XI Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Introduction, Refrigerant, Types of refrigerators,

Vapour compression refrigerating system, Window and split air conditioners.

XII Couplings, Clutches and Brakes: Introduction, Couplings, Clutches, Brakes,

Types of brakes. Difference between a brake and a clutch.

Transmission of Motion and Power: Introduction, Methods of drive, Power

XIII transmission elements, shaft and axle, Belt-drive, Pulleys, Power transmitted by a

belt, Chain drive, Friction drive, Gear drive

materials and other important engineering materials such as Timber, Abrasive

material, silica, ceramics, glass, graphite, diamond, plastic, polymer and composite

material

Reference Books:

I Elements of Mechanical Engineeringby K.P.Roy and Prof.S.K . Hajra Chaudhary ,

Media Promoters and Publishers Pvt.Ltd.Bombat

II Introduction to Engineering Materials by B.K. Agrawal Tata McgraHill Publication

New Delhi

III Thermal Science and Engineering by Dr. D.S. Kumar, S.K. Kataria & sons

Publication New Delhi

IV Fundamental of Mechanical Engineering by G.S. Sawhney, Prentice Hall

of India Publication New Delhi

V Thermal Engineering by R.K. Rajput ,S.Chand Publication New Delhi

Basics of Environmental Studies

Definition and Inter-relationships amongst and between them

Components of Environment, Relationship between different components

Man-Environment relationship

Impact of Technology on the environment

Environmental Degradation:

2 Ecology & Ecosystems

Introduction: Ecology- Objectives and Classification

Concepts of an ecosystem- structure & function of ecosystem

Components of ecosystem- Producers, Consumers, Decomposers

Bio-Geo- Chemical Cycles- Hydrological Cycle, carbon cycle, Oxygen Cycle,

Nitrogen Cycle, Sulfur Cycle

Energy Flow in Ecosystem

Food Chains: Grazing, Detritus, & Food webs

Ecological Pyramids

Major Ecosystems: Forest Ecosystem, Grassland Ecosystem, Desert Ecosystem, Aquatic

Ecosystem, Estuarine Ecosystem

3 Population & Natural Resources

Development of Habitation patterns and Environmental factors governing human settlement

Population & Pollution , Reasons for overpopulation ,Population Growth, Demographic

Projections and Population Structures ,Production of food

Renewable & Nonrenewable Resources: Renewable Resources, Nonrenewable

Resources, Destruction versus Conservation

Water Resources: Water Resources-Indian Scenario, Water Sources- Surface & Ground

Water Sources, Uses & overuses of water resources, problems due to Overexploitation of

Water Resources

Forest Resources : Forest Resources - Indian Scenario , Importance of forests- Ecologically &

Economically, Uses of forest products, Forest Types, Deforestations-Causes and effects,

Forest Degradation in India

Energy Resources : Energy Resources - Indian Scenario , Conventional Energy Sources & its

problems, non-conventional energy sources-Advantages & its limitations , Problems due to

Overexploitation of Energy Resources

4 Environmental Pollution

Types of Environmental Pollution

Water Pollution : Introduction Water Quality Standards , Sources of Water Pollution,

Classification of water pollutants, Effects of water pollutants , Eutrophication

Air Pollution : Composition of air , Structure of atmosphere, Ambient Air Quality Standards,

Classification of air pollutants, Sources of common air pollutants like SPM, SO2, NOX

Natural & Anthropogenic Sources, Effects of common air pollutants

Land & Noise Pollution : Introduction- Lithosphere, Land Uses, Causes of land

Degradation, Sources of Noise Pollution, Effects of noise pollution

Current Environmental Global Issues : Global Warming & Green Houses Effects, Acid Rain

, Depletion of Ozone Layer

REFERENCE BOOKS :

1 Environmental Studies: R. Rajagopalan,Oxford University Press

2 Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects & Control by K.C Agrawal

3 Environmental Science by Richard T Wright & Bernard J Nebel

4 Environmental Science by Daniel B Botkin & Edward A Keller

5 Environmental Engineering & Management by Suresh K Dameja

6 Environmental Management by Dr. Swapan C Deb

7 Environment & Ecology by Dr Gourkrishna Dasmohapatra

8 Introduction To Environmental Engineering and Science by Master Gilbert M.

Workshop

Objectives: Exposure to Industrial environment, work culture, hand tools and general purpose

machine.

Developing Creativity, Craft man skill, approach to work and Planning capability

Syllabus:

Demonstration of Hand tools, Power tools, Machine tools, Processes, Materials, Marking, and

Measurement in following shops:Carpentry, Pattern making, Foundry, Fitting, Smithy, Welding,

Tin smithy,Plumbing, Machine shop and Electroplating.

Making Jobs in Fitting, Carpentry, Smithy, Tin smithy and Welding shops

Journal is to be prepared covering the topics of demonstration and Report about Process /

Methodology / Inspection for making jobs.

Choudhary, Hajara Elements of Workshop Technology, Media Promotors & Publishers, 1997

Raghuvanshi B.S. Workshop Technology Vol. I & II, Dhanpat Rai & Sons

1998

Student edition, 1998

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code 131101

Subject Name Basic Electronics

1 Energy Bands in Solids:

Charged Particles, Field Intensity, Potential Energy, The eV Unit of Energy,

The Nature of the Atom, Atomic Energy Levels, Electronic Structure of The

Elements, The Energy Band Theory of Crystals, Insulators, Semiconductors

and Metals

Mobility and Conductivity, Electrons and Holes in an Intrinsic

Semiconductor, Donor and Acceptor Impurities, Charge Densities in a

Semiconductor, Electrical Properties of Ge and Si, The Hall Effect,

Conductivity Modulation, Generation and Recombination of Charges,

Diffusion, The Continuity Equation, Injected Minority Carrier Charge, The

Potential Variation within a Graded Semiconductor

Open Circuited p-n Junction, p-n Junction as a Rectifier, Current

Components in a p-n Diode, Volt-Ampere Characteristic, Temperature

Dependence of the V/I Characteristic, Diode Resistance, Space Charge ,

Transition Capacitance, Charge-Control Description of a Diode , Diffusion

Capacitance , Junction Diode Switching Times, Breakdown Diodes, Tunnel

Diode, Semiconductor Photodiode, Photovoltaic Effect, Light Emitting

Diodes

4 Diode Circuits:

Diode as a Circuit Element, Load-Line Concept, Piecewise Linear Diode

Model, Clipping Circuits, Clipping at Two Independent Levels, Comparators,

Sampling Gate, Rectifiers, Other Full-Wave Circuits, Capacitor Filters,

Additional Diode Circuits

5 Transistor Characteristics:

Junction Transistor, Transistor Current Components, Transistor as an

Amplifier, Transistor Construction, CB Configuration, CE Configuration, CE

Cutoff region, CE Saturation Region, Typical Transistor, CE Current Gain,

CC Configuration, Analytical Expressions for Transistor Characteristics

Maximum Voltage Rating, Phototransistor

6 Transistor at Low Frequencies:

Graphical Analysis of the CE configuration, Two-Port Devices and the

Hybrid Model, Transistor Hybrid Model, h-Parameters, Conversion

Formulas for the Parameters of Three Transistor Configurations, Analysis

of a Transistor Amplifier Circuit Using h Parameters, Thevenins and

Nortons Theorems and Corollaries, Emitter Follower, Comparison of

Transistor Amplifier Configurations, Linear Analysis of a Transistor Circuit,

Millers Theorem and its Dual, Cascading Transistor Amplifiers, Simplified

CE Hybrid Model, Simplified Calculations for the CC Configuration, CE

Amplifier with an Emitter Resistance, High Input Resistance Transistor

Circuits

Operating Point, Bias Stability, Self-Bias , Stabilization against Variations in

ICO, VBE and , General Remarks on Collector-Current Stability, Bias

Compensation, Thermistor and Sensistor Compensation, Thermal

Runaway, Thermal Stability

Junction FET, Pinch-Off Voltage, JFET Volt-Ampere Characteristics, FET

Small-Signal Model, MOSFET, Digital MOSFET Circuits, Low Frequency

CS and CD Amplifiers, Biasing the FET, The FET as a Voltage Variable

Resistor, CS Amplifier at High Frequencies, CD Amplifier at High

Frequencies

Class A large Signal Amplifiers, Second Harmonic Distortion, Higher Order

Harmonic Generation, Transformer Coupled Audio Power Amplifier

,Efficiency, Push-Pull Amplifiers, Class B Amplifiers, Class AB Operation,

Regulated Power Supplies, Series Voltage Regulator

Reference Books:

1. Integrated Electronics By Jacob Millman and Christos C. Halkias, Tata McGraw

Hill Publication

2. Electronics Devices by Floyd , Pearson Publication [Seventh edition]

3. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory by Robert Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky

[Ninth Edition]

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code 130901

Subject Name Circuits and Networks

1 Circuit Variables and Circuit Elements:

Electromotive Force, Potential and Voltage - A Voltage Source with a

Resistance Connected at its Terminals - Two-terminal Capacitance - Two-

terminal Inductance- Ideal Independent Two-terminal Electrical Sources -

Power and Energy Relations for Two-terminal Elements - Classification of

Two-terminal Elements - Multi-terminal Circuit Elements, Dot Convention.

Nodal Analysis of Circuits Containing Resistors and Independent Sources -

Nodal Analysis of Circuits Containing Dependent Voltage Sources - Source

Transformation Theorem for circuits with independent sources - Source

Transformation Theorem for circuits with Dependent sources -Nodal

Analysis of Circuits Containing Dependent Sources - Mesh Analysis of

Circuits with Resistors and Independent Voltage Sources- Mesh Analysis of

Circuits with Independent Sources - Mesh Analysis of Circuits Containing

Dependent Sources

3 Circuit Theorems:

Linearity of a Circuit and Superposition Theorem - Substitution Theorem -

Compensation Theorem - Thevenin's Theorem and Norton's Theorem -

Determination of Equivalents for Circuits with Dependent Sources -

Reciprocity Theorem - Maximum Power Transfer Theorem - Millman's

Theorem

Mathematical preliminaries Source free response DC response of first

order circuits Superposition and linearity Response Classifications

First order RC Op Amp Circuits

Discharging of a Capacitor through an inductor Source free second order

linear networks second order linear networks with constant inputs

initial conditions, Solution of circuit equations by using Initial Conditions.

7 Laplace Transform Analysis: Circuit Applications:

Notions of Impedance and Admittance Manipulation of Impedance and

Admittance- Notions of Transfer Function- Equivalent circuits for inductors

and capacitors Nodal and Loop analysis in the s-domain Switching in

RLC circuits- Switched capacitor circuits and conservation of charge

Poles, Zeros and the s-plane- Classification of Responses Computation of

sinusoidal steady state response for stable networks and systems

One port networks Two port admittance Parameters Admittance

parameters analysis of terminated two- Port networks - Two port impedance

Parameters Impedance and Gain calculations of terminated two- Port

networks modeled by z-parameters Hybrid parameters Generalized

Two-port Parameters Transmission parameters - reciprocity

Linear Oriented Graphs (Connected Graph, Subgraphs and Some Special

Subgraphs) - The Incidence Matrix of a Linear Oriented Graph -Kirchhoff's

Laws in Incidence Matrix Formulation - Nodal Analysis of Networks - The

Circuit Matrix of a Linear Oriented Graph- Kirchhoff's Laws in Fundamental

Circuit Matrix Formulation - Loop Analysis of Electrical Networks ( Loop

Analysis of Networks Containing Ideal Dependent Sources- Planar Graphs

and Mesh Analysis Duality)- The Cut-set Matrix of a Linear Oriented

Graph ( Cut-sets - The All cut-set matrix Qa- Orthogonality relation between

Cut-set matrix and Circuit matrix - The Fundamental Cut-set Matrix Qf -

Relation between Qf , A and Bf) - Kirchhoff's Laws in Fundamental Cut-set

formulation

Reference Books:

1. Electric Circuits and Networks :- By K. S. Suresh Kumar Pearson Education

2. Linear Circuits Analysis 2nd edition :-By DeCarlo/ Lin Oxford University Press

(Indian edition)

3. Network Analysis :- By M.E Van Valkenburg PHI Publication

4. Engineering Circuit Analysis : - By W H Hayt, J E Kemmerly, S M Durbin 6th

Edition TMH Publication

5. Network Analysis & Synthesis By Franklin S. KUO, Wiley Publication

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code: 130701

Subject Name: DIGITAL LOGIC DESIGN

1. Binary System:

Digital computer and digital systems, Binary Number, Number base

conversion Octal and Hexadecimal Number, complements, Binary Codes,

Binary Storage and register, Binary Logic, Integrated Circuit

Basic Definition, Axiomatic Definition of Boolean Algebra, Basic Theorem

and Properties of Boolean Algebra, Minterms And Maxterms, Logic

Operations, Digital Logic Gates, IC digital Logic Families

Different types Map method, Product of sum Simplification, NAND or NOR

implementation, Dont Care condition, Tabulation method

4. Combinational Logic :

Introduction, Design Procedure, adder, subtractor, Code Conversion,

Universal Gate

Introduction, Binary Parallel Adder, Decimal Adder, Magnitude Comparator,

Decoder, Multiplexer, ROM, Programmable Logic Array.

6. Sequential Logic:

Introduction, Flip-Flops, Triggering of Flip-Flops, Analysis of Clocked

Sequential Circuits, State Reduction and Assignment, Flip-Flop Excitation

Tables, Design Procedure, Design of Counters, Design with State

Equations

Introduction, Inter-register Transfer, Arithmetic, logic and shift Micro-

Operations, Conditional Control Statements, Fixed-Point Binary Data,

overflow, Arithmetic Shifts, Decimal Data, Floating-Point Data, Instruction

Codes, Design of Simple Computer

Introduction, Registers, Shift Registers, Ripple Counters, Synchronous

Counters, Timing Sequences, Memory Unit

9. Processor Logic Design :

Introduction, Processor Organization, Arithmetic Logic Unit, Design of

Arithmetic and logic circuit, Design of ALU. Status Register, Design of

shifter, Processor Unit,Design of Accumulator.

Introduction, Control Organization, Hard-Wired Control, Micro-Program

Control, .

Reference Books:

1. Digital Logic and Computer Design By M Morris Mano

2. Principle of digital Electronics By Malvino & Leach

3. Modern Digital Electronics By R.P.Jain

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Subject Code 131701

Subject Name Electrical Machine

1 Transformers:

Single Phase Transformer:

Working principle, Construction, types, EMF equation, Transformer losses,

effect of load, magnetic and resistive leakage, equivalent circuit,

transformer testing, regulation of transformer, transformer efficiency, effect

of power factor variation on efficiency, auto transformer.

connections, Power supplied by V V bank, Three phase to Two-phase

conversion, Two phase to Three phase conversion, Parallel operation of

three phase transformers, Instrument transformers, Current transformers,

Potential transformers

Forces and Torques in Magnetic Field Systems; Singly Excited and Multiply

Excited Field Systems; Elementary Concepts of Rotating Machines; Losses

and efficiency, ventilation and cooling, machine ratings, leakage and

harmonic fluxes

3 Induction Machines:

Constructional features of poly-phase induction machines; Stator and

Rotating Magnetic Field; Torque production; Slip; Equivalent circuit of a

Polyphase Induction Machine; equivalent circuit from test data; Three-

phase induction machine performance; Torque-Slip characteristic; Circle

diagram; Speed control of Polyphase induction motors, Starting methods for

polyphase induction motors; Induction generator, Cogging and crawling;

Single-phase induction motors; No-load and Blocked-rotor test; Starting

methods for single-phase induction motors; Application

4 Synchronous Machines:

Constructional features of synchronous machines; Elementary synchronous

machine; Equivalent circuit of a synchronous machine, Voltage regulation;

Power angle and other performance characteristics; Effect of Saliency;

Determining reactance by test data; Parallel operation of interconnected

synchronous generators; Steady state stability; Excitation systems;

Hunting and damper winding; Applications

5 Direct-Current Machines:

Constructional features of DC machines; Elementary DC machine; Methods

of excitation of DC machines; Equivalent circuit of DC machine;

Commutator action; Armature reaction; Interpoles and compensating

windings; Magnetization characteristic of a DC machine; Characteristics of

a separately excited DC generator; Self excitation; Characteristic of a DC

shunt generator; Characteristic of a DC series generator; Characteristic of a

DC compound generator; DC motor characteristics; Control of DC motors;

Testing and efficiency; Applications

Reference Books:

1. Electrical machines; Mulukutla S. Sharma, and Mikesh K. Pathak; Cengage

Publication

2. A Text of Electrical Technology; B. L. Theraja, and A. K. Theraja; S. Chand

Publication

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code 131103

Subject Name: Electronics Workshop

1 Soldering techniques, stripping and tinning standed wires, mounting

components- plated through hole and surface mount technology, hand wire

soldering, de-soldering techniques, electrostatic discharge.

2 Analog Troubleshooting:

Electronics troubleshooting basics, troubleshooting with Oscilloscopes,

signal injection and signal tracing, system analysis, diagnostics methods,

servicing close loop circuits, troubleshooting noise and intermittent.

3 Digital Troubleshooting:

Introduction to troubleshooting digital logic, Introduction to logic analyzers,

working with Digital circuits and use of logic analysis system for

troubleshooting Digital circuits.

4 PC Hardware basics:

How computers work, system board, CD/DVD Drives and Hard Drives,

Troubleshooting Fundamentals, Device Manager, Different Hardware and

its Drivers, Multimedia Technologies, Power Supplies.

Students are expected to select any experiment. Soldering and testing is to

be done for the selected experiment. Perform simulation of the same

experiment by using CAD tools. Schematic as well as PCB design is to be

carried out using CAD tools.

Students are expected to design any analog/digital/mix mode application of

their choice. Perform simulation using software tools. PCB design,

fabrication of PCB, testing and implementation should be done.

Documentation of the project is to be done in standard IEEE format. Project

report should include abstract in maximum 100 words, keywords,

introduction, design, simulation, implementation, results, conclusion and

references.

Reference Books:

1. Jean Andrews, Enhanced guide to managing and maintaining your PC, edition, 2001,

Course Technology Thomson learning publishers

2. Rashid M.H. SPICE for circuits and electronics using pSpice, Prentice Hall

3. Bosshart, Printed Circuit Boards: Design and Technology, Tata McGraw Hill

Orcad/PCBII , Users Guide.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Subject Code 130001

Subject Name Mathematics - 3

1. First order ODE:

Methods for solving them, homogeneous equations, exactness, methods for

finding integrating factors, Linear and Bernoullis equation.

Linear ODEs (generalities) complimentary function as and particular

integrals, linear dependence and independence of functions, Wronskians,

Abel-Liouville formula, use of a known solution (for reduction of order)

method of variation of parameter.

3. Linear ODEs with constant coefficient and the Cauchy Euler equation. the

characteristic polynomial and indicial polynomial, discussion of the case of

complex roots and repeated roots, extracting the real form of the solution via

Eulers formula = + , method of undetermined coefficient for

finding the particular integral for special right hand sides. (forcing functions)

both for constant coefficient ODEs as well as Cauchy Euler ODEs.

reflection formula, duplication formula via beta gamma.

5. Laplace transforms:

Definition of functions of exponential type with examples. Definition of the

Laplace transform and its basic properties as well as examples of Laplace

transforms of exponential function, polynomials and trigonometric functions.

Statement of the Riemann Lebesgue lemma. Finding the inverse transform.

Laplace transform of and )(Heaviside unit step function and shifting

theorems. Convolution and the convolutions theorem. Beta gamma identity.

Use of Laplace transform for solving IVP for ODEs and systems of ODEs.

Computing certain important integrals via Laplace transforms.

Tchebychev etc., Legendre polynomials, their Orthogonality and

completeness.

7. Ordinary differential equations with regular singular points and the method of

Frobenious. Detailed discussion of Bessels equations and Bessels

functions of first kind only. Basic properties of J p ( x ) , the recurrence relation

(where n is a non negative integer).

Statement of the theorem on pointwise convergence of Fourier series.

Parsevals formula (statement only) and Bessels inequality with examples.

Mean convergence of Fourier series.

Fourier transforms and its basic properties. Fourier transform of the

Gaussian and the Fourier inversion theorem (statement only). Riemann

Lebesgue lemma for Fourier series and Fourier transforms (statement only).

(vibrating strings, vibrating membrances heat conduction in solids etc.,).

Solving PDEs via the method of separation of variables. The Laplace

operator in cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates. Brief discussion of

Fourier Bessel series. Solution via Fourier series/Fourier-Bessel series for

2

rectangular and circular domains in R and spherical and cylindrical

3

domains in R .

Reference Books:

1. E.Kreyszig, Advanced engineering mathematics (8th Edition), John Wiley

(1999).

John Wiley (2005).

(7th Edition), McGraw-Hill (2006).

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 3

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code 131102

Subject Name Simulation and Design Tools

Introduction to SPICE

Introduction to PSpice software, file types, netlist commands. Basic analyses: DC, AC,

Transient. Analog behavioral models (ABM): equations setup, IF statement, voltage/current/

frequency dependent sources. Advanced analyses: noise, Monte-Carlo, worst-case. Spectral

description of signals (FFT), measuring the total harmonic distortion (THD). Circuit

optimization using PSpice Optimizer software.

Models of resistor, capacitor, inductor, energy sources (VCVS, CCVS, Sinusoidal source,

pulse, etc), transformer, DIODE, BJT, FET, MOSFET, etc. sub circuits.

Simulation of following circuits using spice (Schematic entry of circuits using standard packages.

Analysis- transient, AC, DC, etc.):

a) Potential divider.

b) Integrator & Differentiator (I/P PULSE) Frequency response of RC circuits.

c) Diode, BJT, FET, MOSFET Characteristics.

d) Simulate and study half-wave, full-wave, and bridge-rectifier using PSPICE windows

e) Simulate and study diode clipper and clamper circuits using PSPICE windows

f) Voltage Regulators.

g) Simulate and study emitter bias and fixed bias BJT and JFET circuits using PSPICE

windows, and determine quiescent conditions.

h) Simulate a common emitter amplifier using self biasing and study the effect of variation in

emitter resistor on voltage gain , input and output impedance using PSPICE windows .

i) Determine the frequency response of Vo/Vs for CE BJT amplifier using PSPICE windows.

Study the effect of cascading of two stages on band width.

j) Simulate and study Darlington pair amplifier circuit using PSPICE windows and determine dc

bias and output ac voltage .

k) Simulate RC Coupled amplifiers - Transient analysis and Frequency response.

l) Simulate FET & MOSFET amplifiers.

m) Simulate Multivibrators.

n) Simulate Oscillators (RF & AF).

o) Study an operational amplifier using PSPICE windows and find out: CMMR, gain band width

product, slew rate, 3-db frequency, and input offset voltage.

p) Simulate and study active low pass, high pass, and band pass filters using PSPICE windows.

q) Simulate and study class A, B, C, and AB amplifier using PSPICE windows.

r) Study the operation of 555 timer oscillator using PSPICE.

s) Simulate logic expression..and determine its truth table.

t) Simulate logic expression of full adder circuit and determine its truth table.

u) Simulate a synchronous 4-bit counter and determine its count sequence.

v) Simulate a master-slave flip-flop using NAND gates and study its operation. Study the

operation of asynchronous preset and clear .

NOTE : At least ten experiments have to be performed in the semester; out of which at least

seven experiments should be performed from above list. Remaining three experiments may

either be performed from the above list or designed and set by the concerned institution.

Learning objectives:

This module conveys knowledge on the design and specification of PCBs, fabrication basics,

The student himself will be able to design, carry out simulation and manufacture the printed

circuit board.

Contents to be cover:

Characteristics and materials of printed boards, layout and simulation

PCB Fabrication : Mechanical production, pick and place, conventional components and

SMD, via and

Plated through connections, soldering, surface coating, multilayer boards, thermal effects.

HYBRID PCBs: Thick film and thin film technology, material properties and fabrication.

PACKAGING: Packaging of ICs, PCBs and hybrids, cases and thermal effects.

Schematic Entry

Netlist Creation

Working with component libraries

Design of Boards

Layout of Parts

Optimizing Parts Placements

Pads and Via

Manual and Auto Routing

Handling Multiple Layers

Introduction to MATLAB

Learning objectives

Introduction to Matlab, study of matlab functions. Writing simple programs using matlab, for

handling arrays, files, plotting of functions etc. Writing M files for Creation of analog &

discrete signals, plotting of signals etc. Filtering of analog & digital signals using convolution.

Generation of noise signals (Gaussian, random, Poisson etc) Simulation using Simulink.

Simulation study

Laboratories should include

Design of analog low pass, bandpass, high pass and band elimination filters using

Butterworth, Chebyshev etc.

Anti-aliasing filters

Bode plot

Steady state and Transient analysis

Z Transforms

Fourier Analysis

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Subject Code 141101

Subject Name Advance Electronics

1. Transistor at High Frequencies:

Hybrid pi CE Transistor Model, Hybrid pi Conductances, Hybrid pi

Capacitances, Validity of Hybrid pi Model, Variation of Hybrid pi

Parameters, CE Short-Circuit Current Gain, Current Gain with Resistive

Load, Single-Stage CE Transistor Amplifier Response, Gain-Bandwidth

Product, Emitter Follower at High Frequencies

2. Multistage Amplifiers:

Classification of Amplifiers, Distortion in Amplifiers, Frequency Response of

an Amplifier, Bode Plots, Step Response of an Amplifier, Bandpass of

Cascaded Stages, RC Coupled Amplifier, Low Frequency Response of an

RC Coupled Stage, Effect of an Emitter Bypass Capacitor on Low-

Frequency Response, High-Frequency Response of Two Cascaded CE

Transistor Stages, Multistage CE Amplifier Cascade at High Frequencies

3. Feedback Amplifiers:

Classification of Amplifiers, Feedback Concept, Transfer Gain with

Feedback, General Characteristics of Negative Feedback Amplifiers, Input

Resistance, Output Resistance, Method of Analysis of a Feedback

Amplifier, Voltage Series Feedback, A Voltage Series Feedback Pair,

Current Series Feedback, Current Shunt Feedback, Voltage Shunt

Feedback

Effect of Feedback on Amplifier Bandwidth, Double-Pole Transfer Function

with Feedback, Three Pole Transfer Function with Feedback, Approximate

Analysis of a Multipole Feedback Amplifier, Stability, Gain and Phase

Margins, Compensation, Dominant-Pole Compensation, Pole-Zero

Compensation, Compensation by Modification of the Network, Sinusoidal

Oscillators, Phase-Shift Oscillator, Resonant Circuit Oscillators, A General

Form of Oscillator Circuit, Wien Bridge Oscillator, Crystal Oscillators,

Frequency Stability

5. Operational Amplifiers:

Basic Operational Amplifier, Differential Amplifier, Emitter-Coupled

Differential Amplifier, Transfer Characteristics of a Differential Amplifier, An

Example of an IC Operational Amplifier, Offset Error Voltages and Currents,

Temperature Drift of Input Offset Voltage and Current, Measurement of

Operational Amplifier Parameters, Frequency Response of Operational

Amplifiers, Dominant Pole Compensation, Pole-Zero Compensation, Lead

Compensation, Step Response of Operational Amplifiers

6. Logic Families :

Diode Transistor Logic, High Threshold Logic, Transistor Transistor Logic,

Resistor Transistor Logic, Direct Coupled Transistor Logic, Comparison of

Logic families.

Digital to Analog Conversion, R-2R ladder type DAC, Weighted resistor

type DAC, Switched current source type DAC, Switched capacitor type

DAC, Analog to Digital Conversion, Counter type A/D converter, , Flash-

type A/D converter, Dual slope A/D converter, Successive approximation

ADC.

Reference Books:

1. Integrated Electronics By Jacob Millman and Christos C. Halkias, Tata McGraw

Hill Publication

2. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory by Robert Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky

[Ninth Edition]

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Subject Code 141701

Subject Name Control Theory

1 Introduction to Control Systems:

Introduction, Examples of Control Systems, Closed-loop Control versus

Open-Loop Control

Introduction, Transfer Function and Impulse-Response Function, Automatic

Control Systems, Modeling in state Space, State-Space Representation of

Dynamic Systems, Transformation of Mathematical Models with MATLAB,

Mechanical Systems, Electrical and Electronic Systems, Signal Flow

Graphs, Linearization of Nonlinear Mathematical Models

Introduction, Liquid-Level Systems, Thermal Systems

Introduction, First-Order Systems, Second-Order Systems, Higher-Order

Systems, Transient-Response Analysis with MATLAB, Rouths Stability

Criterion, Effects of Integral and Derivative Control Actions on System

Performance, Steady-State Errors in Unity-Feedback Control Systems

5 Root-Locus Analysis:

Introduction, Root-Locus Plots, General Rules for Constructing Root Loci,

Root-Locus Plots with MATLAB, Positive Feedback Systems, Conditionally

Stable Systems, Root Loci for Systems with Transport Lag

6 Frequency-Response Analysis:

Introduction, Bode Diagrams, Plotting Bode Diagrams with MATLAB, Polar

Plots, Drawing Nyquist Plots with MATLAB, Log-Magnitude-versus-Phase

Plots, Nyquist Stability Criterion, Stability Analysis, Relative Stability,

Closed-Loop Frequency Response of Unity-Feedback Systems

Reference Books:

1. Modern Control Engineering by Katsuhiko Ogata, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall of

India.

2. Automatic Control Systems by Benjamin C.Kuo, 8th Edition, Farid Golnaraghi,

John Wiley & Sons.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Subject Name: Management I

No

1. Introduction to Management and Organizations

Functions of management

Planning, Organizing, Controlling and Leading

Types of Managers

Managerial Roles

2. Management history

Schools of Management

Scientific management

The Behavioral Approach

The Systems approach

The contingency approach

Types of structures

Work specialization

Departmentalization

Chain of Command

Span of Control

Centralization and Decentralization

Formalization

Attributes of culture

How does culture affect managers and employees

Stakeholders and its management

Ethical issues in management

Reference Books:

1 Management Stephen P. Robbins, Mary Coulter, Neharika Vohra

Pearson Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Tenth edition

2 Essentials of Management, Koontz and Weihrich, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004,

6th Edition

3 Essentials of management Adrew J. Durbrin, India edition, 7th Edition,

Thomson South Western

4 Principles of Management, Charles WL Hill and Steven L McSane, The

McGraw Hill Companies, 2008

5 Principles of Management, Richard L. Daft, Cengage Learning, 2009

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Subject Name Mathematics-IV

1. Complex numbers and functions:

Limits of Functions, Continuity, Differentiability, Analytic functions,

Cauchy-Riemann Equations, Necessary and Sufficient condition for

analyticity, Properties of Analytic Functions, Laplace Equation, Harmonic

Functions, Finding Harmonic Conjugate functions

Exponential, Trigonometric, Hyperbolic functions and its properties.

Multiple valued function and its branches: Logarithmic function and

Complex Exponent function.

2. Complex Integration:

Curves, Line Integrals (contour integral) and its properties. Line integrals

of single valued functions, Line integrals of multiple valued functions

(by choosing suitable branches). Cauchy-Goursat Theorem, Cauchy

Integral Formula, Liouville Theorem, Fundamental Theorem of Algebra,

Maximum Modulus Theorems.

3. Power Series:

Convergence (Ordinary, Uniform, Absolute) of power series,

Taylor and Laurent Theorems, Laurent series expansions. Zeros of

analytic functions. Singularities of analytic functions and their classification

Residues: Residue Theorem, Rouches Theorem, Argument Principle.

Evaluating various type of definite real integrals using contour integration

method.

Mappings by elementary functions, Mobius transformations, Schwarz-

Christoffel transformation.

6. Interpolation:

Interpolation by polynomials, divided differences, error of the interpolating

polynomial.

7. Numerical integration:

Composite rules, error formulae, Gaussian integration.

Solution of a system of linear equations: implementation of Gaussian

elimination and Gauss-Seidel methods, partial pivoting.

9. Roots of equation:

Solution of a nonlinear equation: Bisection and Secant methods, Newtons

method, rate of convergence, Power method for computation of Eigen

values.

Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, Euler and Runge-

Kutta methods.

Reference Books:

1) R. V. Churchill and J. W. Brown, Complex variables and applicati (7th Edition),

McGraw-Hill (2003).

2) J. M. Howie, Complex analysis, Springer-Verlag (2004).

3) M. J. Ablowitz and A. S. Fokas, Complex Variables- Introduction and

Applications, Cambridge University Press, 1998 (Indian Edition).

4) E. Kreyszig, Advanced engineering mathematics (8th Edition), John

Wiley (1999).

5) S. D. Conte and Carl de Boor, Elementary Numerical Analysis- An Algorithmic

Approach (3rd Edition), McGraw-Hill, 1980.

6) C. E. Froberg, Introduction to Numerical Analysis (2nd Edition), Addison-Wesley,

1981.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Subject Code 140701

Subject Name MICROPROCESSOR AND INTERFACING

1. Introduction to Microprocessor, Microprocessor systems with bus

organization, Microprocessor Architecture & Operations, Memory, I/O

Device, Memory and I/O Operations

Functions, Demultiplexing Of Buses, Generation Of Control Signals,

Instruction Cycle, Machine Cycles, T-States, Memory Interfacing.

Addressing Modes, 8085 Instruction Set, Instruction And Data Formats,

Writing, Assembling & Executing A Program, Debugging The Programs,

Decision Making, Looping, Stack & Subroutines, Developing Counters And

Time Delay Routines, Code Conversion, BCD Arithmetic And 16-Bit Data

Operations.

Interfacing of Data Converters (D-To-A And A-To-D), Programmable

Interfacing Devices Like 8279 Keyboard/Display Interface, 8255A PPI,

8253/8254 Timer, 8259A PIT, 8237 DMA Controller, Serial I/O Concepts,

SID And SOD, 8251A USART. Interfacing of above chips With 8085,

Programming them In Deferent Modes, Practical Applications

Reference Books:

1. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085 -

Ramesh S. Gaonkar Pub: Penram International.

2. Microcomputers and Microprocessors: The 8080,8085 and Z-80 Programming,

Interfacing and Troubleshooting by John E. Uffenbeck.

3. Microprocessor and Microcontroller fundamentals. The 8085 and 8051 Hardware and

Software by William Kleitz.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E Semester: 4

Mechanical Engineering

Subject Name NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES (Institute

Elective-I)

Sr.

Course content

No.

1. Introduction to Energy Sources:

Renewable and non-renewable energy sources, energy consumption as

a measure of Nation's development; strategy for meeting the future

energy requirements Global and National scenarios, Prospects of

renewable energy sources.

2. Solar Energy :

Solar radiation - beam and diffuse radiation, solar constant, earth sun

angles, attenuation and measurement of solar radiation, local solar time,

derived solar angles, sunrise, sunset and day length. flat plate

collectors, concentrating collectors, Solar air heaters-types, solar driers,

storage of solar energy-thermal storage, solar pond , solar water

heaters, solar distillation, solar still, solar cooker, solar heating & cooling

of buildings, photo voltaics - solar cells & its applications.

3. Wind Energy :

Principle of wind energy conversion; Basic components of wind energy

conversion systems; wind mill components, various types and their

constructional features; design considerations of horizontal and vertical

axis wind machines: analysis of aerodynamic forces acting on wind mill

blades and estimation of power output; wind data and site selection

considerations.

Biomass conversion technologies, Biogas generation plants,

classification, advantages and disadvantages, constructional details,

site selection, digester design consideration, filling a digester for

starting, maintaining biogas production, Fuel properties of bio gas,

utilization of biogas.

5. Geothermal Energy:

Estimation and nature of geothermal energy, geothermal sources and

resources like hydrothermal, geo-pressured hot dry rock, magma.

advantages, disadvantages and application of geothermal energy,

prospects of geothermal energy in India

6. Energy from the ocean:

Ocean Thermal Electric Conversion (OTEC) systems like open cycle,

closed cycle, Hybrid cycle, prospects of OTEC in India.

Energy from tides, basic principle of tidal power, single basin and

double basin tidal power plants, advantages, limitation and scope of

tidal energy.

Wave energy and power from wave, wave energy conversion devices,

advantages and disadvantages of wave energy.

Principle of MHD power generation, MHD system, Design problems and

developments, gas conductivity, materials for MHD generators and

future prospects.

8. Fuel Cells:

Introduction, Design principle and operation of fuel cell, Types of fuel

cells, conversion efficiency of fuel cell, application of fuel cells.

9. Hydrogen Energy:

Introduction, Hydrogen Production methods, Hydrogen storage,

hydrogen transportation, utilization of hydrogen gas, hydrogen as

alternative fuel for vehicles.

Energy economics, energy conservation, energy audit, general concept

of total energy system, scope of alternative energy system in India.

Term work is based on above mentioned syllabus

Reference Books:

2. Solar Energy: Fundamentals and Applications by H.P. Garg & Jai Prakash, Tata

McGraw Hill

Tata McGraw Hill

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Electronics Engineering/Electronics & Communication

Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

Subject Code: 151006

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr.

Course Content

No

1. Power Supplies:

Introduction, Ideal voltage and current source, Dependent sources, Power supply and

regulated power supply ICs (7805, 7812, 7905, 7912), Switched Mode Power Supply

(SMPS).

2. Operational Amplifiers:

Ideal operational amplifier, Operational amplifier Stages, Operational amplifier

parameters, Equivalent circuit of op-amp, Ideal Voltage transfer Curve, Open-Loop

Op-amp configurations, Closed-Loop op-amp configurations.

Block diagram, Use as Astable multivibrator and monostable multivibrator.

4. Transducers:

Capacitive Transducer, Inductive Transducer, Linear Variable Differential

Transformer, Oscillation Transducer, Potentiometric transducer, Electrical strain

gauges, Resistance thermometer, Thermistor, Thermocouple, Piezoelectric

Transducer, Photoelectric transducer.

5. Optoelectronic Devices:

Photoconductive sensors, Photovoltaic sensors, Photoemissive sensors, Light

emitters, Liquid Crystal Display, Optocoupler.

6. Thyristors:

PNPN diode, SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier), Rectifier circuits using SCR , LASCR

(Light Activated SCR), TRIAC (Triode A.C. Switch), DIAC (Diode A.C. Switch ), UJT

(Unijunction Transistor).

7. Measuring Instruments:

Cathode Ray Oscilloscope, Digital multimeter, Measurement of R, L, C and Q,

Frequency counter, Digital Storage Oscilloscope .

8. Consumer Electronics:

Washing machines (Electronic Controller, Fuzzy logic machines and automatic

washing Machines), Audio systems, I-pods, RFID, Barcode Scanner and decoder,

Photocopier machines.

Logic Gates, Combinational Logic Designing, Karnaugh map representation of logical

functions, Some common combinational circuits, Sequential circuits, A/D and D/A

converter circuits, Introduction to semiconductor memories, Introduction to

microprocessors, Microcontroller: The 8051 architecture and applications such as

Temperature Controller, Elevators, Electronic voting machine etc.

(I) Implementation and measurement of basic electronic circuits:

a.

i. Zener Regulator circuit

ii. Opto-coupler (using LED and Photodiode)

b. Op-amp Circuits

i. Inverting and Noninverting Amplifier

ii. Summing Amplifier

iii. Saw-tooth waveform generator

c. Thyristor Circuits

i. SCR triggering technique

ii. UJT as a relaxation oscillator

iii. TRIAC firing using DIAC

i. Astable multivibrator

ii. Monostable multivibrator

e. Digital Circuits

i. Basic Gates

ii. Half and Full Adder Circuits

iii. Decade counter using 74XX and displaying using seven segment display.

mandatory.

Reference Books:

2. Basic Electronics Devices, Circuits and its Fundamentals:Santiram KAL, PHI publication.

3. The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems using Assembly and C By K. J. Ayala, D.

V. Gadre (Cengage Learning , India Edition).

4. For simulation students can use either Pspice or SEQUEL (freely downloadable circuit

simulation tool) (Website to download SEQUEL: www.ee.iitb.ac.in/~sequel/).

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Electronics Engineering/Electronics & Communication

Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication

Subject Code: 151004

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr.

Course Content

No

1. Communication Introduction

Communication system, Analog and digital Messages, Channel effect, Modulation and

detection, Historical review of telecommunication.

2. Passive Circuits :

Series tuned circuit, Parallel tuned circuit, Self-capacitance of a coil, Skin effect, Mutual

inductance, High frequency transformers, Tapped inductor, Capacitive tap, Low-frequency

transformers

3. Noise :

Noise (Thermal noise, Shot noise, Partition noise, Low frequency or flicker noise, Burst noise,

Avalanche noise, Bipolar transistor noise, Field-effect transistor noise, Equivalent input noise

generators and comparison of BJTs and FETs, Signal to noise ratio, S/N Ratio of a

tandem connection, Noise factor, Amplifier input noise in terms of F, Noise factor of amplifiers

in cascade, Noise factor of a lossy network, Noise temperature, Measurement of noise

temperature and noise factor, Narrowband band-pass noise.

4. Receivers :

Superheterodyne receivers, Tuning range, Tracking, Sensitivity and gain, Image rejection,

Spurious responses, Adjacent channel selectivity, AGC, Double conversion, Electronically

Tuned Receivers(ETRs), Integrated-Circuit Receivers.

A periodic signal representation by fourier integral, Transform of some useful function, Some

properties of the fourier transform, Signal transmission through a linear system,

Ideal and practical filters, Signal distortion over a communication channel,

Signal energy and energy spectral density, Signal power and power spectral density.

Baseband versus carrier communications, Double-Sideband amplitude modulation,

Amplitude modulation, Bandwidth-efficient amplitude modulation, Amplitude modulations:

Vestigial sideband, Local carrier synchronisation, Frequency division multiplexing, Phase-

locked loop with applications, Frequency synthesizers.

7. Angle Modulation and Demodulation:

Nonlinear modulation, Bandwidth of Angle-Modulated waves, Generating FM waves,

Demodulation of FM signals, Effect of non linear distortion and interference,

Superheterodyne analog AM/FM receivers, FM Broadcasting System.

List of Experiments:

List of experiments with emphasis on test kits and breadboard implementation for the

following communication circuits.

of AM wave using waveform method and trapezoidal method.

2. To observe frequency modulated waveform and to measure peak frequency deviation

for 2V peak to peak modulating signal.

3. To extract information signal from the AM wave using diode detector.

4. To extract information signal from the FM wave using FM detector.

5. To obtain frequency response of pre-emphasis and de-emphasis circuits.

6. To generate SSB signal using balance modulator and single sideband filter.

7. To demodulate SSB signal.

8. To obtain frequency response of RF amplifier.

9. To obtain frequency response of RF amplifier of AM receiver.

10. To understand block diagram of super-heterodyne AM and FM receiver.

11. To understand working of AGC circuit.

12. To obtain fidelity of the AM and FM receiver.

13. To design implement and obtain the frequency response of single tuned amplifier.

Mini Project:

To construct FM transmitter and receiver.

Reference Books:

1. Electronic Communications by Dennis Roddy & John Coolen IV Edition PHI.

2. Digital and analog communication system by B.P.Lathi .Zhi Ding (international 4th

Edition), OXFORD university press.

3. Electronic Communications by Kennedy McGraw Hill Publication.

4. Electronic Communications Systems by Wayne Tomasi. Pearson education India.

5. Electronic Communication Systems by Roy Blake By Cengage learning.

6. Communication Systems By Simon Haykins By Wiley India.

7. Theory and Problem Of Electronic Communication By Lloyd Temes and Mitchel

E.Schulz(Second edition), McGraw Hill Publication.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

DEGREE IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

PROPOSED TEACHING SCHEME

Semester - V

TEACHING SCHEME(HOURS)

SR NO SUBJECT CREDITS

THEORY TUTORIAL PRACTICAL

1 Management - II 2 0 0 2

2 Microcontroller and Interfacing 3 0 2 5

3 Engineering Electromagnetics 3 0 0 3

4 Integrated Circuits and Applications 4 0 2 6

5 Electronic Communication 4 0 2 6

Electonics Measurements and

6 0 0 2 2

Instrumentation Laboratory

7 Applied Electronics ( Ins Elective - II ) 4 0 2 6

TOTAL 20 0 10 30

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Electronics Engineering Electronics Engineering/Electronics &

Communication Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication

Subject Code: 151005

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

0 0 2 2 0 0 100

Note:

The laboratory work in Electronics Measurements & Instrumentation Laboratory is divided

into two parts: (1) Practical performance (II)Seminar Presentation. The practical performance

should include understanding of the operational features of various analog and digital test and

measurement equipments, practicals on basic measurement parameters and measuring devices,

analysis of various standard bridges for measurement of unknown resistance, inductance and

capacitance, Q factor, study of characteristics of different types of transducers, generation of

waveforms, simulation of simple system using LABVIEW and Seminar presentation by students

on topics pertaining to electronic measurements and instrumentation including high-end

equipments and calibration procedures.

Note: Students will have to perform at least 10 experiments from the following.

Sr.

List of Experiments

No

1. To find the value of unknown resistor using Wheatstone bridge.

2. To find the value of unknown capacitance and inductance using Maxwells bridge.

3. To find the value of unknown capacitance using Weins series and parallel bridge.

9. To study the front panel controls of storage CRO

10. To analyze analog and digital multi meter for various measurements

12. To demonstrate the functionality of function generator and its use as a test and

measurement equipment.

16. To study and simulate any two measurement system using LAB VIEW

Note: *Students will have to give minimum five seminars from the following topics.

Sr.

Topics

No

1. Detailed study of CRO and its types

voltage, current, etc.

counter, synthesized function generator, spectrum analyzer, arbitrary waveform

generator, wave analyzer, logic analyzer etc.

8. Virtual Instrumentation

9. Smart sensors

Microscope)

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Electronics Engineering/Electronics & Communication

Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication

Subject Code: 151002

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

3 0 0 3 70 30 50

Sr.

Course Content

No

1. Review of Vector Analysis and Vector Calculus:

Scalars & Vectors, Dot and cross products, Co-ordinate systems and conversions,

Review of line, Surface and volume integrals Definition of curl, divergence and

gradient Meaning of Divergence theorem and Stokes theorem

2. Electrostatics:

1. Coulombs law and electrical field intensity: Coulombs law, Field due to

different charge distributions.

2. Electric flux density, Gausss law and divergence: Concept of electric flux

density, Gausss law and its applications, Differential volume element,

Divergence, Maxwells first eqn. and divergence theorem for electric flux

density.

3. Energy and potential : Energy expanded in moving a point charge in electrical

field, Line integral, Definition of potential difference and potential, Potential field

of a point charge and system of charges, Potential gradient, Dipole, Energy

density in electrostatic field.

1. Steady Magnetic Field: Biot-Savarts law, Amperes circuital law, applications

of this law for an infinitely long coaxial transmission line, solenoid and toroid,

point form of Amperes circuital law ,concept of flux density, scalar and vector

magnetic potential. Stokes theorem for magnetic field. Point and integral forms

of Maxwells equations for steady electric and magnetic fields.

1. Conductors, dielectrics and capacitance :

Definition of currents and current density, Continuity equation, Metallic

conductors and their properties, Semiconductors, Dielectric materials,

Characteristics, Boundary conditions, Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor,

Coaxial cable and spherical capacitors.

2. Poissons and Laplace equations:

Poissons and Laplace equation, Uniqueness theorem, Examples of solution of

Laplace and Poissons equations.

3. Magnetic forces, materials and inductance :

Force on a moving charge, Force on a differential current element, Force and

torque on a close circuit, magnetization and permeability, Magnetic boundary

conditions, Magnetic circuit, Self inductance and Mutual inductance.

Faradays law, Displacement current, Maxwells equations in point and integral forms

for time varying fields .

6. Electromagnetic Waves:

1. The uniform plane waves:

Wave motion in free space, Perfect dielectric, Dielectric, Poynting vector,

Power consideration, Propagation in good conductor, Phenomena of skin

effect, Reflection of uniform plane waves, Plane waves at normal incidence,

and at oblique incidence, Standing wave ratio.

Reference Books:

2007

2. Elements of Electromagnetics by Matthew Sadiku, 4th Edition,Oxford University Press.

3. Electromagnetics Joseph Edminister-Schaums Outline Series, TMH

4. Electromagnetics with applications by J.D.Krauss and Daniel Fleisch fifth edition,

Mcgraw Hill

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Electronics Engineering/Electronics & Communication

Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication

Subject Code: 151003

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr.

Course Content

No

1. Introduction to Operational Amplifiers:

Introduction, Block diagram representation of a typical op-amp, its equivalent circuit, types

of ICs, Manufacturers designations and package types for ICs, Power supplies for ICs

Interpreting datasheet, Ideal op-amp, Equivalent circuit of an op-amp, Ideal voltage transfer

curve, Open-loop op-amp configurations

Voltage-series feedback amplifier, Voltage-shunt feedback amplifier, Differential amplifier

Introduction, Input offset voltage, Input bias current, Input offset current, Total output offset

voltage, Thermal drift, Effect of variation in power supply voltage on offset voltage, Change

in input offset voltage and input offset current with time, Other op-amp parameters which

changes with change in temperature and supply voltage, noise, Common-mode

configuration and common-mode rejection ratio, Slew rate and it equations, Effect of slew

rate in applications, Difference between bandwidth, Transient response and slew rate

DC and AC amplifiers, AC amplifiers with single supply voltage, Peaking amplifier,

Summing, Scaling and Averaging amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier - its block diagram

along with applications, Differential input and differential output amplifier, Voltage-to-current

converter with floating load (low-voltage DC voltmeter, low-voltage AC voltmeter, Diode

match finder, Zener diode tester, Light-emitting diode tester), Current-to-voltage converter,

Very high-input impedance circuit, Integrator, Differentiator.

6. Comparators and Converters:

Comparator, Zero Crossing Detector, Schmitt Trigger, Voltage limiters, Clipper and

clampers, Absolute value output circuit, Peak detector, Sample and hold Circuit, Precision

rectifier Half/Full Wave, Square, Triangular and Saw tooth Wave Generator, Log/ Antilog

Amplifier

7. Active Filters:

Classification of filters, Magnitude and frequency scaling, Magnitude and attenuation

characteristics of ideal and practical filters, Design parameter Q & 0, Biquad (Universal)

filter design, Butter worth Low pass and Highpass filters - 1st and 2nd order circuits design,

Butterworth pole location, Sallen & Key circuit, Butterworth Bandpass Filters-Frequency

Transformation, Deliyannis- Friend circuit , Chebyshev filter characteristics, Band reject

filters.

8. Specialized IC Applications:

a. 555 Timer and its Applications:

Block Diagram, Monostable and Astable Multivibrator, Applications as Frequency

Divider, Square Wave Generator.

b. Free-Running Ramp Generator

c. Phase Locked Loop and Its Applications:

Block Diagram and Operation, Applications as Frequency Multiplier, Frequency Shift

Keying.

d. Design of Power Supply:

Simple OP-AMP Voltage regulator, Three terminal Voltage regulators, Fixed and

Adjustable Voltage Regulators (78XX, LM317), Heat Sink, Dual Power supply (LM320,

LM317), Basic Switching Regulator and its characteristics.

e. Power Amplifiers:

Monolithic Power Amplifiers (LM380)

f. Function Generator: IC XR 2206

Introduction, Internal diagram, Analysis, Active Filter

1. Measurement of input and output offset voltage of 741 ICs.

2. To configure op-amp in voltage follower mode and to measure its slew rate.

3. To configure op-amp in inverting and non-inverting amplifier mode and measure

their gain and bandwidth.

4. To prepare precision rectifier using op-amp and verify its operation using

measurements.

5. To prepare full-wave rectifier using op-amp and verify its operation using

measurements.

6. To measure PSRR and CMRR of given op-amp.

7. To design Schmitt trigger circuit using op-amp and take measurements.

8. To design, build astable and monostable multi-vibrators using 741 IC and verify their

operation using measurements by observing waveforms.

9. T design, build and obtain the frrquency responses of First order Low-Pass and

Band-Pass Active Filters.

10. To design triangular wave generator using op-amp and verify it operations with

measurements.

11. To design and build second order Low-pass ,Band-pass, High-pass, All pass and

Band Elimination filters using BIQUAD Circuit.

12. To design Butterworth low-pass filter (Sallen-key citcuit), construct the same circuit

on breadboard and take necessary measurements

13. To design Friend Deliyannis band-pass filter, construct the same circuit on

breadboard and take necessary measurements.

14. To design monostable and astable multi-vibrators using 555 timer IC and verify their

operation using measurements.

15. To design,build and test Linear Voltage Regulators.

Reference Books:

1. Op-amps and Linear Integrated Circuits, by Ramakant A. Gayakwad.

2. Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits, by Sergio

Franco, Tata Mcgraw-hill 2009 Edition.

3. Linear Integrated Circuits, by D. Roy Choudhury and Shail B. Jain, New Age

International Publishers, 3rd Edition.

4. Design of Analog Filers, by R. Schaumann, and Mac E. Van Valkenburg.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: V

Instrumentation & Control Engineering/Bio-Medical

Engineering/Electrical & Electronics/Electronics

Engineering/Electronics & Communication

Engineering/Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

Subject Code: 151001

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

3 0 2 5 70 30 50

Sr.

Course Content

No

1. 8051 Microcontrollers:

Microcontrollers and embedded processors, Overview of the 8051 family

Architecture of 8051, Introduction to 8051 assembly programming, Assembling and

running an 8051 program, The program counter and ROM space in the 8051, 8051

data types and directives, 8051 flag bits and the PSW register, 8051 register banks

and stack

Loop and jump instructions, Call instructions time delay for various 8051 chips.

8051 I/O programming, I/O bit manipulation programming.

Immediate and register addressing modes, Accessing memory using various

addressing modes, Bit addresses for I/O and RAM, Extra 128-byte on-chip RAM in

8052.

Arithmetic instructions, Signed number concepts and arithmetic operations, Logic and

compare instructions, Rotate instruction and data serialization, BCD, ASCII, and other

application programs.

7. 8051 Programming in C:

Data types and time delay in 8051 C, I/O programming in 8051 C, Logic operations in

8051 C, Data conversion programs in 8051 C, Accessing code ROM space in 8051 C,

Data serialization using 8051 C.

8. 8051 Hardware Connection and Intel Hex File:

Pin description of the 8051, Design and test of 8051 Minimum Module, Explaining the

Intel hex file.

Programming 8051 timers, Counter programming, Programming timers 0 and 1 in

8051 C.

Basics of serial communication, 8051 connection to RS232, 8051 serial port

programming in Assembly, Programming the second serial port, Serial port

programming in C.

8051 interrupts programming, Timer interrupts, Programming external hardware

interrupts, Programming the serial communication interrupt, Interrupt priority in the

8051/52, Interrupt programming in C.

LCD interfacing, Keyboard interfacing.

Parallel and serial ADC, DAC interfacing, Sensor interfacing and signal conditioning.

Semiconductor memory, Memory address decoding, 8031/51 interfacing with external

ROM, Flash RAM, 8051 data memory space, Accessing external data memory in

8051 C.

RTC interfacing, RTC programming in C, Alarm, SQW, and IRQ features of the

DS12887 chip.

Relays and Optoisolators, Stepper motor interfacing, DC motor interfacing and PWM.

List of Practical:

Assembly language programming for the 8051 Microcontroller

memory locations.

b) Write a program to multiply two 8-bit numbers stored in registers or

internal/External memory locations.

c) Write a program to multiply two 16-bit numbers.

locations.

b) Write a program to transfer block of data from internal memory locations to

external memory locations.

c) Write a program to sort block of data in ascending or descending order.

1. Keep monitoring P1.2 until it becomes high.

2. When P1.2 becomes high write value 45H on P0.

3. Sent a high to low pulse to P2.3

b) A switch is connected to P1.7. Write a program to check the status of switch and

perform the following.

1. if switch = 0, send letter N to P2

2. if switch = 1, send letter Y to P2.

4. a) Write a program to generate 5 KHz pulse waveform of 50% duty cycle on pin

1.0 using timer 1 in mode 2.

b) Write a program to generate 1 KHz pulse waveform of 70% duty cycle on pin

1.0 using timer.

b) Write a program to transfer the message YES serially. Do this continuously.

c) Program the 8051 to receive bytes of data serially, and put them in P1.

Microcontroller Interfacing

mandatory.

References Books:

1. The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems Using Assembly and C, 2/e by

Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi and Rolin McKinlay ( Second

Edition , Pearson Education ).

2. The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems using Assembly and C By K. J.

Ayala, D. V. Gadre (Cengage Learning , India Edition).

3. 8051 Microcontrollers: MCS51 family and its variants by Satish Shah, Oxford

University Press.

Subrata Ghoshal, Pearson Education.

5. The 8051 Microcontrollers: Architecture, Programming and Applications by K Uma

Rao, Andhe Pallavi, Pearson Education.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: VI

Electronics Engineering/Electronics &Communication

Engineering/Electronics &Telecommunication

Subject Code: 161003

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Basic antenna concepts: 3

& transmission line, radio communication link with transmitting antenna

and a receiving antenna, radiation patterns of antennas-field and power

patterns, all antenna types.

derivations for E and H field components in spherical coordinate systems,

Power Radiated by a current element, Application to antennas, Radiation

from quaterwave monopole and half wave dipoles, Derivation for radiation

resistance, application of reciprocity theorem to antennas, equality of

directional patterns and effective lengths of transmitting and receiving

antennas, directional properties of dipole antennas,antenna feeding

methods.

beam area, beam width- Half-Power Beam width (HPBW)and First Null

Beam width(FNBW) ,Polarisation,Radiation Intensity ,Beam Efficiency,

Directivity and directive gain, radiation resistance, radiation efficiency,

resolution, Antenna aperture-physical and effective apertures, effective

height, transmission formula, antenna field zones, Transmission loss as a

function of frequency.Antenna temperature and signal to noise ratio.

4. Arrays of point sources : 6

Expression for electric fields from two, three and N element arrays- linear

arrays: Broad-side array and End-Fire array- Method of pattern

multiplication- Binomial array-Horizontal and Vertical Antennas above the

ground plane, Effect of ground on ungrounded antenna, Schelkunoff

theorems for linear arrays, Dolph-Tchebysheff distribution for linear arrays.

5. Loop Antenna: 2

Small loop short magnetic dipole, comparison of far field of small loop and

short dipole loop antennas, field pattern of circular loop antenna &

radiation resistance of loop antenna, directivity of circular loop antennas

with uniform current.

6. Helical antenna: 2

considerations, wide band characteristics of helical antenna.

its design, Phased arrays, frequency scanning arrays, smart antennas,

long wire antennas, location methods of feeding antennas, folded dipole

antennas, matching arrangements.

8. Reflector antennas: 4

apertures with uniform illumination, off axis operation of paraboloid

reflectors ,Cassegrain feed system.

impedance of slot antennas, and horn antenna-function and types.

considerations and applications

lens antennas.

antennas.

13. Antennas for special applications: 2

terrestrial mobile communication systems, GPR, Embedded antennas,

UWB, Plasma antenna.

polarization, terminal impedance.

and ionosphere, Characteristic of Ionospheric layers, Sky wave

propagation, Definitions for Virtual height, MUF and Skip distance, OWF,

Fading,ionospheric absorptions, Multi-hop propagation, Space wave

propagation and Super refraction.

Text Books:

2. Electromagnetic wave & radiating systems by Jordan & Balmain, PHI Publication.

3. Antenna & Wave Propagation by K.D. Prasad, Satyaprakash Publications.

Reference Books:

2. Antenna and wave propagation By G.S.N. Raju,Pearson Education

List of Experiments:

1. To study the variation of field strength of radiated with distance from transmitting

antenna

2. To plot the radiation pattern of an Omni directional antenna.(Polar plot on

log/linear scales & Cartesian plot on log/linear scales)

3. To plot radiation pattern of directional antenna.(Polar plot of Azimuth &

Elevation planes on log/linear scales and Cartesian plot on log scales)

4. To study the phenomenon of linear and circular polarization of antennas.

5. To demonstrate that the transmitting and receiving radiation patterns of an

antenna are equal and hence confirm the reciprocity theorem of antennas.

6. To study and plot the radiation pattern of the dipole/Folded dipole antennas.

7. To study and plot the radiation pattern of the monopole/whip/collinear antenna.

8. To study and plot the radiation pattern of the end fire array (L/2) antenna & L/4

phased array (W8JK antenna).

9. To study and plot the radiation pattern of broad side array antenna.

10. To study and plot the radiation pattern of the loop antenna.

11. To study and plot the radiation pattern of biconical antenna.

12. To study and plot the radiation pattern of crossed dipole antenna.

13. To study and plot the radiation pattern of vee antenna.

14. To study and plot the radiation pattern of log-periodic antenna and LPDA-PCB.

15. To study and plot the radiation pattern of slot antenna.

16. To study and plot the radiation pattern of sleeve antenna.

17. Design of Yagi-Uda antenna, folded dipole,loop antenna,helical

antenna,microstrip antenna etc

18. To study different types of antenna characteristic using simulation exercise.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: VI

Electronics Engineering/Electronics &Communication

Engineering/Electronics &Telecommunication

Subject Code: 161002

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Sound Fundamentals : 6

The Physics of Sound, Sound and the Ear, The Cochlea, Mental

Processes, Level and Loudness, Pitch, Frequency Response and

Linearity, Audio Level Metering, The Decibel in Acoustics, Acoustic

Intensity Level, Acoustic Power Level, Acoustic Pressure Level, Inverse

Square Law, The VU and the Volume Indicator Instrument, The Phon,

Velocity of Sound, Reflection and Refraction, Absorption, Root Mean

Square Measurements, selection of sound absorbing

materials.Architectural Acoustics.

2. Sound Amplification: 5

Preamplifier Stages, Voltage Amplifier Design, Constant-Current Sources

and Current Mirrors, Performance Standards, Power Amplifier Classes,

Thermal Dissipation Limits, Single-Ended Versus PushPull Operation,

Switching Amplifiers, Amplifier Grounding, Cross Over Network. Audio

Terminations Line-in/out, Aux-in/out, Mic In.

3. Digital Audio : 4

Compression, Disk-Based Recording, Rotary Head Digital Recorders,

Digital Audio Broadcasting, Digital Filtering, Stereophony and Multi-

channel Sound.

4. Audio Devices and Applications: 4

Characteristics, Measurement Microphones, Various Types of

Microphones, Various Types of Loudspeakers, Characteristic Impedance

of Loud Speakers, Headphone Types, The basics of Magnetic Recording,

Sound Cards, Sound Mixers, PA Systems & Installations, Digital Consoles.

details, Function of vertical pulse train, Scanning sequence details,

Geometric form and aspect ratio, Image continuity, No. of scanning lines,

Interlaced scanning, Resolution, Brightness, Contrast, Picture

transmission, TV transmitter, TV receiver, Synchronization, Receiver

controls. Perception of brightness and colour, Additive and subtractive

colour mixing, Video signals for colour transmission, Luminance signal (Y),

Compatibility, Colour-difference signals, encoding of colour difference

signals, Formation of chrominance signal

sideband transmission, Standard channel BW, Television transmitter, TV

Signal propagation, Interference suffered by TV channels. TV broadcast

channels for terrestrial transmission.

7. Television Receiver : 8

and processing, Deflection circuits, Scanning Currents in the yoke, DC

power supplies. Electronic tuners, IF Subsystem, Y Signal channel,

Chroma decoder, Separation of U and V colour phasors, Synchronous

demodulators, Sub carrier generation and control, Matrixing for drive

circuits.

Colour TV Pattern Generator, Vectroscope.

(MPEG-x, H.26x), Digital VTR, Non-Linear Editing, 4:3 Vs 16:9 for Digital

Video.

9. Advances in TV Technology : 6

Interfaces (Composite, Component, S-Video, DV, SDI, HDMI, DVI),

10. Television Systems and Standards : 2

ATSC, ISDB-T & DTMB, Overview of DVB-T, DVB-S, DVB-C & DVB-IP,

DVB-H, Cable Television Network

Text Books:

1. Audio Video Systems Principles Practices and Troubleshooting, by Bali & Bali,

Khanna Publishing Company.

2. Audio Engineering, Know it all series, Newnes Press, ISBN 978-1-85617-526-5

Reference Books:

1. Modern Television Practice by R.R. Gulati.

2. Audio Video Systems by R.G. Gupta, Technical Education.

3. Essential Guide to Digital Video by John Watkinson, Snell & Wilcox Inc

Publication.

4. Guide To Compression By John Watkinson, Snell & Wilcox Inc Publication

2. Study of Audio Metering Tools like DB Meter, Audio Metering Software.

3. Study of Effects Processors.

4. Measuring Direction Pattern of Microphones.

5. Measuring Direction Pattern of Loudspeakers.

6. Design of an Auditorium considering the selection of various sound absorbing

materials

7. Digitizing Sound Signal and Editing it using Computer Software.

8. Study of Pattern Generator.

9. Study of Vectroscope.

10. Tracking of Block schematic for Color TV.

11. Study and Analysis of Composite Video Signal using CRO, Vectroscope, Pattern

Generator and Spectrum Analyzer.

12. Voltage and Waveform Analysis for Color TV.

13. Digitizing Video Signal using Computer Software and editing video.

14. Study of Direct to Home system.

15. Frequency Response of microphones

16. Frequency Response of loudspeakers

17. Design and Frequency Response of Cross- over network.

18. Simulation of Video Compressing Technique.

19. Study of CD/DVD/MP3 Player.

20. Study of Digital TV.

21. Study of High Definition TV.

22. Study of Digital Satellite Radio.

23. Study of Cable TV System.

24. Visit to a Cable TV Operator/TV/Radio stations

25. Any other practicals relevant to the course content.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: VI

Electronics Engineering/Electronics &Communication

Engineering/Electronics &Telecommunication

Subject Code: 161001

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Probability Theory & Random Variables : 8

Relation between probability and probability Density , Releigh Probability

Density , CDF, PDF, Random Variables, Variance of a Random Variable,

,correlation between Random Variables, Statistical

Averages(Means),Mean and Variance of sum of Random variables, Linear

mean square Estimation, Central limit theorem, Error function and

Complementary error function Discrete and Continuous Variable, Gaussian

PDF, Threshold Detection, Statistical Average,Chebyshev In Equality, Auto

correction.

2. Information Theory : 7

Communication Over a noisy channel, Shannon Theorem, The channel

capacity of a Discrete Memory less Channel, Optimum System, The

channel capacity of a Continuous Channel, Practical Communication

System In Light of Shannons Equation.

functions,Spectra,Nyquist Theorem, Under sampling, Applications

,Aliasing, PCM, DPCM, ADPCM, Uniform and Non-uniform Quantization,

Quantization Error in PCM,Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulations

,SNR Calculation,Non-uniform Quantization, Phase Modulation..

4. Digital communication system : 6

Duo binary signal, pulse shapping, Nyquist first and second criterion for

zero ISI,Regenerative repeaters,Detection error Probability, M-ary System,

Scrambling,Digital Carrier System

Introduction, Linear block code, cyclic code, convolution code, Burst Error

Correcting and detecting code, Interlaced code for burst and random error

Generation, Comparison of coded and un-coded system.

of various digital modulation techniques.

with channel noise, Optimum Binary Receiver.

Spectrum, Introduction to CDMA, Overview of latest trends in digital

communication.

Text Books:

1. Digital and analog communication system by B.P.Lathi .Zhi Ding(international 4th

Edition), OXFORD university press.

2. Principle of communication system by Taub . Schilling (2nd Edition), TATA

McGRAW-HILL.

References Books:

1. An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communications by Simon Haykin, Wiley India.

2. Digital Communications by Simon Haykin, Wiley India.

1. To understand and the concept of Pulse Code Modulation and To observe the

Performance of PCM system.

2. To understand and the role of signal compression/Expansion on S/N ratio.

3. To understand the concept of Delta Modulation and to achieve the Delta Modulation /

De- Modulation.

4. To study the performance of An-adaptive Delta modulator/De-modulator circuits

5. To Study and observe the performance of Digital carrier systemASK.

6. To Study and observe the performance of Digital carrier systemFSK.

7. To Study and observe the performance of Digital carrier systemPSK.

8. To Study and observe the performance of Return to Zero (RZ) types of line codes.

9. To Study and observe the performance of Non- Return to Zero (NRZ) types of line

Codes.

10. To establish a PCM based transmission-reception link.

11. To Study and observe the effect of signal Distortion using EYE-Diagram.

12. To Study and Perform sampling theorem and reconstruction.

13. To Study and perform Error Detection and Correction codes.

14. To perform TDM-PCM Transmission and Reception.

15. To study and perform Data Conditioning carrier modulation.

16. To study and perform Data Re-Conditioning carrier De-modulation.

17. To study and perform TDM pulse amplitude modulation/demodulation.

18. To study and perform PAM, PWM, PPM.

19 Few simulation exercises on digital communication techniques / basic systems

Mini Project

Mini project with emphasis on design and implementation is compulsory with the help of

hardware and simulation tools.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: VI

Electronics Engineering/Electronics &Communication

Engineering/Electronics &Telecommunication

Subject Code: 161005

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Overview of Optical fiber Communications : 3

system, Multiplexing Techniques, Elements of an optical fiber

transmission link with the functional description of each block, WDM

concepts, transmission widows, advantages of optical fiber link over

conventional copper systems, applications of fiber optic transmission

systems.

Optical laws and definitions, optical fiber modes and configurations, Mode

theory, Step Index and Graded Index (GI) fibers ,single mode and graded

index fibers, Derivation for numerical aperture, V number and modes

supported by step index fiber, mode field ,Numerical aperture and modes

supported by GI fibers, fiber materials, linearly Polarized modes fiber

fabrication techniques, and mechanical properties of fibers, fiber optic

cables.

graded index fiber, Characteristics of Single Mode Fibers, mode coupling,

International Standards for optical transmission fibers.

4. Optical Sources : 6

structures, materials, Figure of merits, characteristics & Modulation. Laser

Diodes -Modes & threshold conditions, Diode Rate equations, resonant

frequencies, structures, characteristics and figure of merits, single mode

lasers, Modulation of laser diodes, Spectral width , temperature effects,

and Light source linearity.

LED coupling to single mode fibers, fiber splicing, Optical fiber connectors.

6. Photodetectors : 4

photodiode materials, photodetector noise, detector response time,

temperature effects on gain, comparison of photodetectors.

7. Optical Receiver Operation : 5

sensitivity, Eye diagrams, Coherent detection, Specification of receivers.

8. Transmission Systems : 3

Point to-point link system considerations, Link power budget and rise

time budget methods for design of optical link, BER calculation

9. Optical Amplifiers : 3

Optical Amplifiers

SONET/SDH, MUX, Analog & Digital broadband, optical switching.

Arrayed waveguide grating, optical add drop multiplexer (OADM), optical

cirulators, attenuators, optical cross connects, wavelength converter,

Mach-Zender Interferometer,

Dispersion, NA and EYE pattern .

Text Book:

1. Optical Fiber Communications by Gerd Keiser, 4th Edition (Mc Graw Hill)

Reference Books:

2. Fiber optical communication Technology by Djafar Mymbaev & Lowell L,

Scheiner. (Pearson)

3. Fiber optic Communication Systems by G. Agrawal (John Wiley and sons)

1. Setting -up of Analog/ Digital Optical communication Link

2. Measurement of attenuation characteristics of an optical fiber

3. Measurement of NA of a multimode fiber

4. Measurement of Mode field diameter of a single mode fiber.

5. Measurement of Dispersion of optical fiber

6. Performance of PAM on fiber optic link

7. Performance of PWM on fiber optic link

8. Performance of PPM on fiber optic link

9. Measurement of attenuation with OTDR

10. Measurement of emission wavelength of LED/LASER source

11. Measurement of Data quality with EYE PATTERN

12. Preparation of optical fiber end and practices on splicing/connectorization.

13. Performance of TDM on fiber optic link

14. Setting -up of voice link on Optical communication Link.

15. Performing Experiments on the VI characteristics of the optical Sources.

16. Performing Experiments on the characteristics of the optical detectors.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B. E. SEMESTER: VI

Electronics Engineering/Electronics &Communication

Engineering/Electronics &Telecommunication

Subject Code: 161004

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Exam Practical

(Theory) (Theory) (I)

(E) (M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 50

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Introduction: 2

hierarchy, Concept of regularity, Modularity, and Locality, VLSI design

style, Design quality, package technology, ,computer aided design

technology.

2. Fabrication of MOSFET : 4

Process, Layout Design rules, full custom mask layout design.

3. MOS Transistor: 8

The Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) structure, The MOS System under

external bias, Structure and Operation of MOS transistor, MOSFET Current-

Voltage characteristics, MOSFET scaling and small-geometry effects, MOSFET

capacitances

(Enhancement and Depletion type MOSFET load), CMOS Inverter

with delay constraints, Estimation of Interconnect Parasitic, Calculation of

interconnect delay, Switching Power Dissipation of CMOS Inverters

Introduction, MOS logic circuits with Depletion nMOS Loads, CMOS logic

circuits, Complex logic circuits, CMOS Transmission Gates (TGs)

7. Sequential MOS Logic Circuits : 4

latch and Flip-flop circuit, CMOS D-latch and Edge-triggered flip-flop

Bootstrapping, Synchronous Dynamic Circuit Techniques, CMOS Dynamic

Circuit Techniques, High-performance Dynamic CMOS circuits

9. Chip I/P and O/P Circuits : 2

10. Design for testability : 3

Hoc Testable design techniques, Scan based techniques, built-in Self

Test (BIST) techniques, current monitoring IDDQ test

Text Book:

CMOS Digital Integrated circuits Analysis and Design by Sung Mo Kang, Yusuf

Leblebici, TATA McGraw-Hill Pub. Company Ltd., Third Edition.

Reference Books:

(2) Introduction to VLSI Systems by Mead C and Conway, Addison Wesley

(3) Introduction to VLSI Circuits & Systems John P. Uyemura

(4) Fundamentals of Digital Logic Design with VHDL, Brown and Vranesic

For Laboratory:

1. Minimum 9 practicals Based on VHDL/Verilog

2. Minimum 3 Practicals Based on Pspice/spice of MOSFET Characteristics

3. Minimum 2 Practicals on Layout Tools

Suggested List of Experiments

1. Introduction to programmable devices (FPGA, CPLD), Hardware Description

Language (VHDL), and the use programming tool.

2. Implementation of basic logic gates and its testing.

3. Implementation of adder circuits and its testing.

4. Implementation 4 to 1 multiplexer and its testing.

5. Implementation of 3 to 8 decoder and its testing.

6. Implementation of J-K and D Flip Flops and its testing.

7. Implementation of sequential adder and its testing.

8. Implementation of BCD counter and its testing.

9. Implementation of two 8-bit multiplier circuit and its testing.

10. Simulation of CMOS Inverter using SPICE for transfer characteristic.

11. Simulation and verification of two input CMOS NOR gate using SPICE.

12. Implementation and simulation of given logic function using dynamic logic.

13. To generate layout for CMOS Inverter circuit and simulate it for verification.

14. To prepare layout for given logic function and verify it with simulations.

Mini Project

VHDL/Verilog based mini project with emphasis on design and implementation is

compulsory

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 171003

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 30 20

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Introduction: 5

Signals, systems and signal processing, classification of signals, elements

of digital signal processing system, concept of frequency in continuous and

discrete time signals, Periodic Sampling, Frequency domain representation

of sampling, Reconstructions of band limited signals from its samples,

general applications of DSP

of LTI Systems, linear convolution and its properties, Linear Constant Co-

efficient Difference equations,. Frequency domain representation of

Discrete-Time Signals & Systems, Representation of sequences by

discrete time Fourier Transform, (DTFT), Properties of discrete time

Fourier Transform, and correlation of signals, Fourier Transform

Theorems.

methods, Z- transforms properties, Analysis of LTI systems in time domain

and stability considerations. Frequency response of LTI system, System

functions for systems with linear constant-coefficient Difference equations,

Freq. response of rational system functions relationship between

magnitude & phase, All pass systems, inverse systems,

Minimum/Maximum phase systems, systems with linear phase.

4. Structures for Discrete Time Systems: 5

Block Diagram and signal flow diagram representations of Linear

Constant-Coefficient Difference equations, Basic Structures of IIR

Systems, Transposed forms, Direct and cascade form Structures for FIR

Systems, Effects of Co-efficient quantization.

Approximation by derivatives, Impulse invariance and Bilinear

Transformation methods; Design of FIR filters by windowing techniques,

Illustrative design examples of IIR and filters.

6. Discrete-Fourier Transform: 9

Properties Fourier Transform of Periodic Signals, Sampling the Fourier

Transform, The Discrete-Fourier Transform, Properties of DFT, Linear

Convolution using DFT.

Decimation-in-Time and Decimation-in-Frequency FFT Algorithms.

architectures of fixed and floating point (TMSC6000) DSP processors.

Text Books:

Manolakis, Proakis, Manolakis, Pearson

2. Discrete Time Signal Processing:Oppeheim, Schafer, Buck Pearson education

publication, 2nd Edition, 2003.

Reference Books:

2. Fundamentals of digital Signal Processing Lonnie c.Ludeman, Wiley

3. Digital Signal processing-A Practical Approach ,second edition, Emmanuel

Ifeacher, and Barrie W..Jervis, Pearson Education.

4. Digital Signal Processing, S.Salivahanan, A.Vallavaraj, C.Gnapriya TMH

5. Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, programming and applications by B.

Venkatramani, M Bhaskar, Mc-Graw Hill

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 171005

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

3 0 2 5 70 30 30 20

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Introduction:

3

Embedded system and general purpose computers, Embedded system

components, Embedded System Design Process, Classification of an

embedded system, Examples of an embedded system, Applications of an

embedded system.

2. ARM Processor: 14

programmers model, ARM development tools, ARM instruction set: Data

processing instructions, Data transfer instructions, Control flow

instructions, Conditional execution, ARM Condition codes, Software

interrupt (SWI), Multiply instructions, Writing simple assembly language

programs for ARM, 3-stage pipeline ARM organization, 5-stage pipeline

ARM organization, Understanding of ARM instruction execution,

Exceptions in ARM, Thumb programmers model and instruction set

ports, Watch dog timer, Real time clock, Writing device drivers, Serial bus

communication protocols, Parallel communication using ISA, PCI, PCI-X

and advanced buses, Network protocols, Wireless and mobile system

protocol.

Thread and Task:

Multiple process and thread in application, Task and Task state, Task

control block, Task coding, Task scheduling, Semaphores, Semaphores

for synchronization, Data sharing and deadlocks, Inter process

communication, Sockets and remote procedure call.

5. RTOS: 10

function, Memory management, Device , File and I/O subsystem

management, Interrupt routine in RTOS environment and handling of

interrupt service calls, Basic design using RTOS, RTOS task scheduling

models, Interrupt latency and response of tasks as performance metrics,

OS security issue.

Reference Books:

2. ARM System on Chip Architecture by Steve Furber, Pearson Education

3. Computer as Components: Principles of Embedded Computing System Design,

Wayne Wolf, Morgan Kaufmann Publication

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 171001

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

3 0 2 5 70 30 30 20

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Introduction to microwaves: 1

applications of microwaves

coefficient, standing wave and standing wave ratio, line impedance and

admittance, impedance matching, using stub line, application of smith

chart in solving transmission line problems Introduction to strip lines,

Microstrip lines, parallel strip lines, coplanar strip lines, shielded strip lines ,

Rectangular waveguides-theory and analysis, principle of circular

waveguide

directional couples, circulators and isolators. S Matrix and its applications

in analyzing microwave components

modulation, multicavity klystron, reflex klystron, traveling wave tube,

Magnetron. (Without derivations).

5. Semiconductor microwave devices and circuits: 8

recovery diodes, parametric amplifiers, tunnel diode and its applications,

Gunn diode and its applications IMPATT diode, TRAPATT diode, PIN

diode, schottky barrier diodes.

6. Radar systems: 8

radar, basic pulsed radar system, Factors Influencing maximum range,

Effect of noise, Display Methods, Search and Tracking radar systems,

Moving target indicator (MTI), CW Doppler Radar, Frequency Modulated

CW radar

Text/Reference Books:

2. Microwave Devices And Circuits,Samuel Liao, PHI

3. Microwave Engineering, Annapurna Das, Sisirk. Das, TMH 2nd Edition

4. Microwave Engineering, Manojit Mitra, Dhanpatrai & Co.

5. Microwave And Radar Engineering, M Kulkarni, Umesh Publishers

6. Microwave Engineering, Sanjeev Gupta Khanna Pub.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 171002

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

2 0 2 4 70 30 30 20

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Power semiconductor devices: 8

Transistor model of Thyristor, Series and Parallel operation of Thyristors,

Power MOSFET, GTO, IGBT, SIT- Device Structures and Characteristics,

Handling precautions and power dissipation in all these devices, Turn ON-

Turn OFF methods and Circuits, Protections, Ratings and applications,

Handling precautions and power dissipation in all these devices..

2. Controlled Rectifiers: 6

Controlled Rectifiers, Single phase power circuits, Three phase controlled

rectifier circuits, Analysis of Controlled Rectifiers with resistive and

inductive load and speed control of motors.

3. DC Chopper: 6

and Step-Up choppers, buck, boost and buck-boost Converter. Chopper

classifications, Chopper control of motors

4. Invertors: 5

Parameters, Single Phase and Three Phase Bridge Inverters.

5. Applications: 5

Uninterruptible Power Supply, Switched mode Power Supply, RF Heating,

Battery Charger.

Text/Reference Books:

2. Power Electronic, M.D. Singh and Khanchandani, Tata McGraw Hill Publications.

3. Power Electronics: Essential and Applications, L. Umanand, wiley India pvt.Ltd.

4. Power Electronics: Joseph Vithyathil , Tata McGraw Hill Publications

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 170001

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

0 0 4 4 0 100 0 50

project complexity demands a maximum group size of 4 students, the departmental

committee should be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work.) shall

take a project in the beginning of the seventh semester in consultation with the guide

and the project must be completed in the eight semester. The individual or group can

complete two different projects in both semesters (i.e. 7th and 8th) if they wish to do

so.

2. The project proposal must be submitted in the institute in the beginning of the seventh

semester. While submitting project proposal care is to be taken that project will be

completed within the available time of two terms. The individuals or groups project

should involve analysis, design, and implementation and testing of substantial

hardware, software or any combination thereof in the field of study in the seventh

semester. The final title of the project work should be submitted at the beginning of

the eighth semester.

Any application in the field of Electronics and Communication.

OR

Investigation of the latest development in a specific field of Electronics and

Communication

OR

The investigation of practical problem in manufacture and / or testing of electronics or

communication equipments

OR

The Microprocessor / Microcontroller based applications projects

OR

Software development/Simulation project related to VLSI, Communication,

Instrumentation, Signal Processing , Image Processing,GIS, Remote sensing applications

etc

OR

Interdisciplinary projects should be encouraged. The examination will be conducted

independently in respective departments.

3. Periodical monitoring and assessment will be done by the internal guides

4. A project report will be prepared and submitted for a viva - voce examination at the

end of term.

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Electronics Engineering / Electronics & Communication

Engineering /Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

B. E. SEMESTER: VII

Subject Code: 171004

Theory Tutorial Practical Total University Exam Mid Sem Practical

(E) Exam (Internal)

Theory Practical (Theory)

(M)

4 0 2 6 70 30 30 20

Sr. Total

Course Content

No Hrs.

1. Introduction to Wireless Communication System: 3

world, Types of Wireless communication System, Comparison of Common

wireless system, Trend in Cellular radio and personal communication.

Second generation Cellular Networks, Third Generation (3G) Wireless

Networks , Wireless Local Loop(WLL), Wireless Local Area

network(WLAN), Bluetooth and Personal Area Networks

Channel Assignment Strategies Distance to frequency reuse ratio,

Channel & co-channel interference reduction factor, S/I ratio consideration

and calculation for Minimum Co-channel and adjacent interference,

Handoff Strategies, Umbrella Cell Concept, Trunking and Grade of

Service, Improving Coverage & Capacity in Cellular System-cell splitting,

Cell sectorization , Repeaters, Micro cell zone concept, Channel antenna

system design considerations.

NLOS and LOS systems, Reflection, Ray ground reflection model,

Diffraction, Scattering, Link budget design, Max. Distance Coverage

formula, Empirical formula for path loss, Indoor and outdoor propagation

models, Small scale multipath propagation, Impulse model for multipath

channel, Delay spread, Fehers delay spread, upper bound Small scale,

Multipath Measurement parameters of multipath channels, Types of small

scale Fading, Rayleigh and rician distribution, Statistical for models

multipath fading channels and diversity techniques in brief.

FDMA, OFDM , CSMA Protocols

5. Wireless Systems: 14

calling, Handover, Authentication and security in GSM, GSM speech

coding, Concept of spread spectrum, Architecture of IS-95 CDMA system,

Air interface, CDMA forward channels, CDMA reverse channels, Soft

handoff, CDMA features, Power control in CDMA, Performance of CDMA

System, RAKE Receiver, CDMA2000 cellular technology, GPRS system

architecture.

6. Recent trends: 9

UWB Radio, Wireless Adhoc Network and Mobile Portability, Security

issues and challenges in a Wireless network.

Text Book:

1. Wireless Communication, Theodore S. Rappaport, Prentice hall

Reference Books:

2. 'Wireless digital communication', Kamilo Feher, PHI

3. Mobile Communications Engineering, William C. Y. Lee, Mc Graw Hill

Publications

4. Mobile and personal Communication system and services by Rajpandya, IEEE press

(PHI).

5. Wireless Communications-T.L.Singh-TMH

6. Adhoc Mobile Wireless network, C.K.Toh Pearson

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E. SEMESTER : VIII

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Sr. Total

Course Contents

No. Hrs

1. INTRODUCTION:

Network Hardware, Topology, Network Software, Reference Models, Example

Networks, Uses of Computer Networks, ARPANET, Connection Oriented Networks, 5

X.25, Frame Relay, ATM

2. PHYSICAL LAYER:

The Theoretical Basis for Data Communication, The Public Switched Telephone

4

Network, The Mobile Telephone System

Data Link Layer Design Issues, Error Detection and Correction, Elementary Data Link

7

Protocols, Sliding Window Protocols, Example Data Link Protocols

The Channel Allocation Problem, Multiple Access Protocols, Ethernet, Wireless

11

LANs, Broadband Wireless, Bluetooth, RFID, Data Link Layer Switching

5. NETWORK LAYER:

Network Layer Design Issues, Routing Algorithms, Congestion Control Algorithms,

9

Quality of Service, Internetworking, The Network Layer in the Internet.

6. TRANSPORT LAYER:

The Transport Service, Elements of Transport Protocols, Congestion Control

Algorithms, The Internet Transport Protocols: UDP, The Internet Transport Protocols: 7

TCP, Performance Issues, Delay Tolerant Networks.

7. APPLICATION LAYER:

DNS--The Domain Name System, The World Wide Web, Real-time Audio and Video,

5

Content Delivery and Peer-To-Peer, SMTP and HTTP Protocol

8. NETWORK SECURITY:

Cryptography, Symmetric-Key Algorithms, Public-Key Algorithms, Digital

Signatures, Management Of Public Keys, IPsec, Firewalls, Virtual Private Networks,

8

Wireless Security, Security Issues And Challenges in Wireless Networks,

Authentication Protocols, Email Security, Web Security, Social Issues

Practical/TW : Practical / Term Work [minimum 8-10 experiments based on above topics.]

Reference Books:

2. Data Communication And Networking, Behrouz Forouzan, 4th Edition, TMH.

3. Introduction to Data Communication and Networking, Wayne Tomasi, Pearson

GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

B.E. SEMESTER : VIII

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Sr.

Course Contents

No.

1. Digital Image Fundamentals

Human visual system, Image as a 2D data, Image representation Gray scale and

Color images, image sampling and quantization

2. Image enhancement in Spatial domain:

Basic gray level Transformations, Histogram Processing, Spatial Filtering

3. Filtering in the Frequency Domain:

Preliminary Concepts, Extension to functions of two variables, Image Smoothing,

Image Sharpening, Homomorphic filtering, 2D- DFT, 2D- FFT, 2D- DCT,

Fundamentals of 2D-wavelet transform, Image pyramids, sub-band coding.

4. Image Restoration and Reconstruction:

Noise Models, Noise Reduction, Inverse Filtering, MMSE (Wiener) Filtering

5. Color Image Processing:

Color Fundamentals, Color Models, Pseudocolor image processing.

6. Image Compression:

Fundamentals of redundancies, Basic Compression Methods: Huffman coding,

Arithmetic coding, LZW coding, JPEG Compression standard.

7. Image Segmentation: Edge based segmentation, Region based segmentation, Region

split and merge techniques, Region growing by pixel aggregation, optimal

thresholding.

8. Morphological Image Processing:

Erosion, dilation, opening, closing, Basic Morphological Algorithms: hole filling,

connected components, thinning, skeletons

Practical/TW: Practical / Term Work [minimum 8-10 experiments based on above topics.]

Reference Books:

1. Digital Image Processing, Rafael C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Third Edition,

Pearson Education

and Steven L. Eddins, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publication

McGraw Hill Publication

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