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# Calculation for Anchor Block

1. Design Conditions

1.1 Soil Condition

Angle of Internal Friction for Soil Pressure Calculations
(As per Geotechnical Report) = 35 °
Angle of Internal Friction for Friction Calculations
= 35 °
Friction Factor Soil/Concrete  = 0.460

Bearing Capacity (Geotechnical Report) 275 kN/m2

Finished Ground level = 0.00 m
Center of Pipe = -2.284 m

1.2 Unit Weights
Soil Bulk Density = 16.5 kN/m3
Density of Gas (neglected) w = 0.0 kN/m3
Concrete Density c = 25.0 kN/m3

1.3 Materials
Concrete
Specified Characteristic Strength fo = 40 N/mm2
Characteristic Strength Used for Design f'cu = fo - 5 N/mm2
f'cu = 35 N/mm2
Elastic Modulus Es = 28,000 N/mm2
Characteristic Reinforcement Strength fy = 460 N/mm2
1.4 Factors of Safety

Stability of Structure

Required Factor of Safety Against Sliding = 2.0
Required Factor of Safety Against Overturning = 1.5
Factor of Safety Against Allowable Bearing Capacity 1.0

2. Data & Dimensions

Base Length L= 5.00 m
Base Width B= 4.00 m
Height H= 2.50 m
Soil cover to top of pipe K= 3.20 m
Pipe Diameter D= 0.168 m
Pipe Unit Weight Wp = 67.00 kg/m
= 0.67 kN/m

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L K H B Page 2 of 14 .

590 2.28 2.94 Weight of pipe 3.00 3.0 kN/m3 Density of Gas (neglected) w = 0.00 2.00 m Anchor Block.00 m COP 5.28 COP (m) -2.61 m 0.Elevation G.16 1078.29 Volume of Concrete required = 43.500 H= 5.590 NOT TO SCALE 4.16 1082. Anchor Block.1100 0. Volumes and Weights Weight of the structure Concrete Density c = 25.L (m) 0.35 ( Length of Anchor block X Pipe unit weight ) 43.Side Profile GL 5.16 m3 Page 3 of 14 .0 kN/m3 Volume Weight m3 kN Concrete 43.

59 kN Page 4 of 14 .30 Net Weight of Structure and Soil = 1943.20 861.Soil Weight Soil Dry Density = 16.50 kN/m3 Volume Weight m3 kN Soil fill above anchor block 52.

of Anchor Blocks Average load on base = N/BL = 97.18 kN/m2 Effective eccentricity e = M/N = 1.725 kNm Frictional Force from anchor block (F) W = 894.4 Stability Check 4.4 1.A) = 1556.434 kN.75 Minimum Pressure = -33.57 kN/m2 (Net Allowable Press.0 kNm For Active 143.1 kN Force Lever Arm Moment kN m Moment due to Thrust Force (P.81 kN/m2 Section in Uplift Passive Soil Pressure Net allowable bearing pressure = 275.17 kN/m2 123.0 kNm 0.0 0. + Depth x Density of Soil) Ratio of Allowable to Max.59 kN Total Thrust force Base Area = BL = 20.00 kN NODE-850 Moment Mz 0.0 Resultant Anchor Force (Stress Analysis) 1.0 kNm Net Moment about center of base (M) = 2181. Bearing Pressure= 1.25 1945.m External Moment (Stress Analysis) 1.83 m Variation due to moment = 6M/BL2 = 130.2 kNm Passive 0.0 1.3 kNm 68.0 1.7 0.670 kN.47 OK Page 5 of 14 .1 Bearing Capacity Required Factor of Safety = 1.49 kNm Vertical Load (N) = 1943.89 kN/m2 2.25 179.500 m Variation due to external Moment= 0.25 0.83 57.12 m Middle third of the base = L/6 = 0.556.m Moment Mx 1.10 kN/m2 Maximum Pressure = 228.00 kN/m2 OK Allowable bearing pressure = 334.00 m2 Nos.83 0.

b.49 kN.11 m Width b= 4.11 m Width b= 4.b.(d2+d1)/2 = 159 kN Passive Soil Pressure Angle of Internal Friction  35.945.5 kN/m3 Depth to top of anchor block d1 = 2.00 m Total Pasive Earth Pressure = Ka.(d2-d1).(d2+d1)/2 = 2.'.(d2-d1).2 Sliding Check Required Factor of Safety = 2 No.00 m Total Active Earth Pressure = Ka.m Resisting Moment Page 6 of 14 .181.3 Overturning Check Required Factor of Safety = 1.m Total = 2.01 OK 4.m Due to Active Pressure = 236.'. of Anchor Blocks provided = 1 Overturning Moment Due to Thrust Force = 1.250 Soil Dry Density ' = 16.00 ° Active Coefficient Ka = 0.5 No.5 kN. of Anchor Blocks provided = 1 Active Soil Pressure Angle of Internal Friction  35.61 m At front face of slab Depth to base of anchor block d2 = 5.4.5 kN/m3 Depth to top of anchor block d1 = 2.548 kN Total Resisting Force = 3441.2 kN Factor of safety = 2.00 kN.61 m At front face of slab Depth to base of anchor block d2 = 5.00 ° Passive Coefficient Kp = 4.000 Submerged Soil Density ' = 16.7 kN In line Thrust Force = 1715.

0 kN.9757 kN.m Factor of safety = 2.0 kN.23 OK Page 7 of 14 .m Total = 4859.Due to Self-Weight = 4858.m Due to Passive Pressure = 0.

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X Pipe unit weight ) Page 10 of 14 .

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of Anchor Blocks 129.s al Thrust force .195 129.195 sive Soil Pressure epth x Density of Soil) Page 12 of 14 .DE-850 1 No.

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