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Expanded Area Paging

Feature Guide
Expanded Area Paging

Expanded Area Paging


Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

Compared with UR13, there is no change


V1.00 2015/05/20 Feng Chao Li Weizhe
except software version.

2016 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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Expanded Area Paging

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Feature Attribute ............................................................................................... 4

2 Overview ............................................................................................................ 4
2.1 Feature Introduction ............................................................................................. 4
2.2 License Control .................................................................................................... 5
2.3 Correlation With Other Features .......................................................................... 5

3 Technical Description ....................................................................................... 6

4 Parameters......................................................................................................... 6

5 Related Counters and Alarms .......................................................................... 7


5.1 Related Counters ................................................................................................. 7
5.2 Related Alarms .................................................................................................... 7

6 Engineering Guide ............................................................................................ 7


6.1 Application Scenario ............................................................................................ 7
6.2 Feature Activation Procedure ............................................................................... 8
6.3 Feature Validation Procedure ............................................................................ 10
6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure......................................................................... 11
6.5 Impact on the Network ....................................................................................... 11

7 Abbreviation .................................................................................................... 11

8 Reference Document....................................................................................... 12

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FIGURES

Figure 6-1 Configuration interface 1 .....................................................................................8


Figure 6-2 Configuration interface 2 .....................................................................................9
Figure 6-3 Configuration interface 3 ...................................................................................10

TABLES

Table 2-1 License Control List .............................................................................................5


Table 4-1 Parameters List ....................................................................................................6
Table 5-1 Counter List ............................................................................................................7
Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure.............................................................................10
Table 6-2 RNC Parameter List 3 ........................................................................................11

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1 Feature Attribute
BSC/RNC version: [ZXWR RNC V3.14.10.14/ZXUR 9000 V4.14.10.14]

BTS/Node B version: [ZXSDR V4.14.10]

Attribute: [Optional]

Involved NEs:
NE Name Related or Not Special Requirement

MS/UE -

BTS/Node B -

BSC/RNC

iTC -

MSC -

MGW -

SGSN -

GGSN -

HLR -
: involved, -: not involved

2 Overview

2.1 Feature Introduction

When a UE is at the boundary of two location areas, the location update procedure may
not be initiated. In this case, the UE is already in the new location area, but the Core
Network (CN) does not update the UE location. If the CN pages the UE, the paging
message is sent to the old location area and the paging fails.

The ZTE RNC uses the virtual location area paging feature to solve this problem. The
RNC sends a paging message to the cells in both the current location area and old
location area. Even if the UE moves out of the current location area, the paging message
can be received.

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One cell can be configured with a maximum of two virtual location areas. If the CN sends
a paging message to a location area, the RNC also queries virtual location areas that
belong to the current location area. If the current location area has virtual location areas,
the RNC sends the paging message to the current location area and virtual location
areas. If a virtual location area is served by another RNC, the current RNC sends the
paging message to the virtual location area through the Iur interface.

The RNC uses virtual location area paging only for repeated CS voice paging to
decrease the paging load. If two paging messages for the same IMSI are received within
six seconds, the second paging message is a repeated paging message.

2.2 License Control

Table 2-1 License Control List

License Configured
Feature ID Feature Name Unit
Control Item NE

ZWF21-01-030 Expanded Paging Expanded


RNC N/A
Area Paging Area

2.3 Correlation With Other Features

1. Required Features

None

2. Mutually Exclusive Features

None

3. Affected Features

None

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3 Technical Description
When a paging message is received from the CN, if it is the second paging message for
the same IMSI received within six seconds, and URncFunction.vLacPaingInd is 1,
expand area paging is used and the paging procedure is as follows:

1) Two Virtual LACs (VLAC) can be configured through the UUtranCellFDD.virtualLac


parameter for each cell. If the CN_LAC contained in the paging message is included
in the VLAC of a cell, the paging message is also sent to the cell.

2) If the UIurLink.RNCFEATSWITCH21 parameter configured on the current RNC for


an adjacent RNC is 1, the paging message containing the CN_LAC is forwarded to
the adjacent RNC through the Iur interface. After the adjacent RNC receives the
paging message, if URncFunction.vLacPaingInd is 1, the RNC checks all the cells
that are configured with VLACs. If the CN_LAC is included in any VLAC of a cell, the
paging message is also sent to the cell.

4 Parameters

Table 4-1 Parameters List

Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

This parameter indicates


UUtranCell Virtual the Virtual Location Area
FDD.virtual Location Area Code (LAC) of the cell, and 0..65535 N/A 65534 N/A
Lac Code is used to expand the
paging range.

0: No
Virtual LAC Supporte
URncFunct This parameter indicates 0: Not
Paging d
ion.vLacPa whether this RNC supports N/A Support 1
Support 1:
ingInd virtual LAC paging. ed
Indication Supporte
d

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Recom
Parameter Value Default mende
GUI Name Parameter Description Unit
Name Range Value d
Value

0/1: Not
Support
Virtual 0: Not
UIurLink.R Whether This parameter indicates
LAC Support
NCFEATS Support whether the adjacent RNC
Paging/S N/A Virtual 1
WITCHBIT Virtual LAC supports virtual LAC
upport LAC
21 Paging paging.
Virtual Paging
LAC
Paging

5 Related Counters and Alarms

5.1 Related Counters

Table 5-1 Counter List

Counter ID Name

C310680628 Number of Paging in enable virtual LAI

5.2 Related Alarms

This feature has no related Alarms.

6 Engineering Guide

6.1 Application Scenario

If the paging success rate is low at the boundary between LACs, this feature can
increase the paging success rate.

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6.2 Feature Activation Procedure

This procedure describes how to locate the parameters related to this feature in the GUI.
The parameter values on the screenshots in the procedure are for reference only. Refer
to Chapter 4 for the recommended values of the related parameters.

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element and
double-click UMTS Logical Function Configuration. Set Virtual LAC Paging Support
Indication. See the following figure.

Figure 6-1 Configuration interface 1

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration > Link Configuration and double-click Iur Link. Set
Whether Support Virtual LAC Paging. See the following figure.

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Figure 6-2 Configuration interface 2

In the configuration resource tree, select Modify Area > Managed Element > UMTS
Logical Function Configuration and double-click UTRAN Cell. Set Virtual Location
Area Code. See the following figure.

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Figure 6-3 Configuration interface 3

6.3 Feature Validation Procedure

Table 6-1 Feature Validation Procedure

Test Item Expanded Paging Area

The WCDMA system is ready.


Cell 1 belongs to RNC1/LAC1, cell 2 belongs to RNC2/LAC2, and
Prerequisit cell 1 and cell 2 support HSUPA, HSDPA, and DCH.
es Configure LAC1 as a VLAC on cell 2.
The Iur interface between RNC1 and RNC2 is good.
The MSC supports the repeated paging function.

1. UE1 and UE2 camp on cell 1 in Idle mode.


2. Move UE2 from cell 1 to cell 2, and initiate a voice call from UE1 to
UE2.
Steps
3. UE2 receives a VLAC paging message through the Iur interface
and establishes a link for the voice call.
4. Release the voice call.

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Test Item Expanded Paging Area

In Step2, UE2 triggers a LAU procedure and waits for the incoming call,
Expected but the procedure cannot be completed.
Result In Step3, UE2 receives a VLAC paging message through the Iur
interface in the LAU procedure.UE1 calls UE2 successfully.

6.4 Feature Deactivation Procedure

Table 6-2 RNC Parameter List 3

Managed Object. logic Default Value Deactivation


GUI Name
name Value

URncFunction.vLacPain Virtual LAC Paging


0 0
gInd Support Indication

For the description and configuration of the parameter, refer to Section 6.2.

6.5 Impact on the Network

Advantage of this feature:

The paging success rate at the boundary between LACs is increased.

Disadvantage of this feature:

The paging channel load increases in the cell.

7 Abbreviation
Abbreviation Full Name

CS Circuit Switch

CN Core Network

LAC Location Area Code

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PS Packet Switch

RNC Radio Network Controller

8 Reference Document
[1]ZTE UMTS Connection Management Feature Guide

[2]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Radio parameter Reference

[3]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter


Reference

[4]ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter


Reference

[5]ZXWR RNC(V3.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Radio parameter Reference

[6]ZXWR RNC(V3.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Ground Parameter Reference

[7]ZXWR RNC(V3.14.10.14)Radio Network Controller Performance Counter Reference

[8]3GPP TS25.413 UTRAN Iu interface: Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP)
signalling

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