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# DESIGN OF PURLINS

Design Criteria;
Spacing of truss = 4.5m Use A36 Steel;
Span = 9.5m Fy = 248 Mpa
Height = 2.5m
Spacing of Purlins = 0.5m

Roof Covering = 144 N/m (0.5m) = 72 N/m
Weight of Bracing = 48 N/m (0.5m) = 24 N/m
Roof Live Load = 1000 N/m (0.5m) = 500 N/m
Assume Weight of Purlins = 115 N/m = 115 N/m
Total Vertical Loads = 711 N/m

Wind Velocity
V = 350 kph (Under Zone 1)
P = 0.0000473V 2
= 0.0000473(350 kph) 2
P = 5794.25 N/m2 or 5.79425 kPa

2 Psinθ 2 ( 5.79425 kPa ) sin 27.76°
P n= 2
1+sin θ = 1+sin 2 27.76 °

Pn = 4435.355 N/m2 (0.5m) = 2217.678 N/m

My = 32 4.Wx = Pn + Wtv cos θ = 2217.85 N/m Wy = Wtv sin θ Wy = 711 N/m (sin 27.76) Wx = 2846. 1 8 R1 R 2 Wx L 2.09 N-m N (2846.16 N/m Sag rod at middle span of purlins 5 R= WyL R1.678 N/m + 711 N/m (cos 27.85 )¿ m ¿ .76) Wy = 331. Mx = 8 2 −Wy L 3.5 m −Wy L2 ¿ ¿ 32 Wx L2 ¿2 Mx = 8 = = 7206.

56 N m( ) My 1m Sy = 0.76 MPa (actual) Sx 67.09 N m( ) Mx 1m Sx = 0.988x106 mm4 Sy = 19.5 m ¿ ¿ Wy L2 ¿2 My = 32 = = 209.75 Fy = N = 1126.56 N-m N (331.09 N m( ) fbx = = 1m = 106.56 N m( ) fby = = 1m = 10.69 MPa (actual) Sy 19.16) ¿ m ¿ 1000 mm 7206.66 Fy = N = 44025. 4.75(248 ) mm2 Try LC 150x75x20x50 Properties Weight = 11.064x106 mm4 Area = 1. 493 mm2 Sx = 67.67 mm3 0.6 mm Iy = 0.6x103 mm3 1000 mm Mx 7206.6 x 103 mm3 .72 kg/m Ix = 5.66(248 2 ) mm 1000mm 209.48 mm3 0.5 x 103 mm 3 1000mm My 209.5x103 mm3 Xc = 24.

16 V 2 fv = dtw = = 2.40 Fy = 0.75Fy = 0.85+331.69 + ≤1 163.66 (248Mpa) = 163.75 (248MPa) = 186 MPa Check if the section is compact: bf 75 170 170 2 tf = 2(5) = 7.40 (248 MPa) = 99.76 10.Fbx = 0.66Fy = 0.68 Mpa Fby = 0.20 MPa (allowable) 2846.5 < √ Fy = √248 = 10.71 ¿ 1 SAFE Check for Shear: h = 150 -2(5) = 140mm h 140 998 998 tw = 5 = 28 < √ Fy = √248 = 63.12 MPa (actual) 150(5) .37 OK Fv = 0.68 186 0.8 (compact section) By Interaction Equation: fbx fby + ≤1 Fbx Fby 106.

5m) = 500 N/m Assume Weight of Purlins = 114. THE SECTION IS SAFE DESIGN OF TIE ROD AND SAG ROD Design Criteria: Use A36 steel.5 mm (allowable) 3 N 1000 mm Wx L 4 ( 2846.5m)4 ( 1m ) δactual = 384 E I = 200000 N = 3mm (actual) 384 ( 2 )(5.97 N/m .85 m ) (4.5m) = 24 N/m Roof Live Load = 1000 N/m (0. fv(actual) < Fv(allowable) OK Check for Deflection: L 4500 mm δallow = 360 = 360 = 12.5m) = 72 N/m Weight of Bracing = 48 N/m (0.064 x 106 mm 4) mm δactual < δallow THEREFORE. Fy = 248 MPa Gravity Loads: Roof Covering = 144 N/m (0.97 N/m = 114.97 N/m Total Vertical Loads = 710.

97 N/m ( 4.19 N/m @ Middle Span 2 2 −Wy L 374.5 Wy = 710.236.79 N-m 2.5 m) My = 32 = 32 = .25) .5)2 = 5.72 N) + R = 374.37m L = 5.75 ) = 374.37 + 1.75)2 +(2.5m) R = 1052.19 N/m (4.19 N/m (4.25 ¿ ¿ -236.5m) 2(315.72 N +↑ Σ Fv=0 ¿ 2R1 + R = 374.19 ¿ ¿ R1 = 315. ¿2 374.13(extended length) (see Truss details) L = 6. 2.19 N /m(4.5 m .79 N-m = R1 (2.42 N C= √(4.

04 mm For Tie Bar T 12629 N Th = cosθ = cos 27.12 mm2 0.33( ) mm2 d= √ 4(108.42 N (12) = 12629 N 12629 N A= 400 N = 95.57 N Th A= = 400 N = 108.67) π = 11.12) π = 11.33( 2 ) mm π d2 A= 4 d= √ 4( 95.5 m = 13 spans Total # of Purlins to be supported by the sag rod (13-1 = 12) T A= 00.57N 14271. 6.33 Fu .76 = 14271.5m Span = 0.73 mm .33 Fu 0.67 mm2 00. T = 1052.

USE 12MM Φ BAR FOR BOTH SAG RODS AND TIE RODS .