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NetNumen U31(CN) Product

Description

V4
NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Version Date Author Approved By Remarks

V1.0 2008-09-12 CN Product Line The First Version


Add Principle for Network
V1.1 2010-02-01 CN Product Line
Bandwidth
Add ETCA hardware structure
V2.0 2010-07-15 CN Product Line
description
Add and modify some system
V2.2 2011-07-18 CN Product Line
features
Add Script Management, IPV6
V2.5 2012-08-18 CN Product Line supported, CN maintenance etc.
features
V2.6 2013-03-05 CN Product Line Add power consumption indices
Add Operating System
Watchdog
V2.7 2013-08-15 CN Product Line
Change performance report to
Simple performance report
The network bandwidth between
V2.8 2013-10-08 CN Product Line
U31 and NE is modified.
Add Web performance report
and monitor
V2.9 2014-06-08 CN Product Line
Add POOL management
Add DRA management

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ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be
disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is
subjected to change without notice.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Contents

1 Overview ......................................................................................................... 1

2 Highlight Features .......................................................................................... 2


2.1 Compliant with International Standard Protocol ................................................ 2
2.2 Open System Structure and Interface ............................................................... 2
2.3 Powerful Network Management Function ......................................................... 2
2.4 Unique Functions of Application Management .................................................. 2
2.5 Flexible System Expansion ............................................................................... 2
2.6 System Remote Upgrading and Installation ...................................................... 3
2.7 Support Multi-level and Multi-authorization Management .................................. 3
2.8 Support Multi-Access Mode .............................................................................. 3

3 System Principle ............................................................................................. 4


3.1 TMN Principle ................................................................................................... 4
3.2 U31(CN) System Principle ................................................................................ 6

4 System Architecture ....................................................................................... 7


4.1 Networking Architecture .................................................................................... 7
4.2 Software Architecture ....................................................................................... 7
4.3 Logical Architecture .......................................................................................... 9
4.4 Functional Architecture ................................................................................... 10

5 Networking Structure ................................................................................... 11


5.1 Logic Structure ............................................................................................... 11
5.2 Local Networking Scheme .............................................................................. 12
5.3 Remote Networking Scheme .......................................................................... 12
5.3.1 DDN Mode ...................................................................................................... 13
5.3.2 E1 Mode ......................................................................................................... 15
5.3.3 HDSL Mode .................................................................................................... 16
5.4 Integrated Networking Scheme ....................................................................... 17

6 Hardware Structure ...................................................................................... 18


6.1 Product Physical Structure.............................................................................. 18
6.1.1 Rack Introduction ............................................................................................ 18
6.1.2 Shelf Introduction ............................................................................................ 18
6.1.3 Board Introduction .......................................................................................... 19
6.2 Hardware Architecture .................................................................................... 19
6.2.1 ZTE ETCA Platform Features ......................................................................... 21
6.3 Reliability ........................................................................................................ 22
6.3.1 Hardware Reliability ........................................................................................ 22

7 Functionality ................................................................................................. 24
7.1 Fault Management .......................................................................................... 24
7.1.1 Fault Collection ............................................................................................... 24
7.1.2 Fault Display ................................................................................................... 25
7.1.3 Alarm Acknowledgement and Un-acknowledgement ...................................... 25

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7.1.4 Alarm Clear .................................................................................................... 26


7.1.5 Alarm Synchronization .................................................................................... 26
7.1.6 Alarm Manual Forward Function ..................................................................... 27
7.1.7 Alarm Data Export .......................................................................................... 27
7.1.8 Alarm Rules Management .............................................................................. 27
7.1.9 Alarm Handling Suggestion ............................................................................ 28
7.1.10 Alarm Parameter Setting ................................................................................ 28
7.1.11 Fault Query and Statistics ............................................................................... 29
7.1.12 Event (Notification) Management .................................................................... 29
7.1.13 Alarm Box and Its Management ...................................................................... 29
7.2 Topology Management ................................................................................... 30
7.2.1 Navigation Tree .............................................................................................. 30
7.2.2 Display of Topology Map ................................................................................ 30
7.2.3 Control of Topology Map Display .................................................................... 31
7.2.4 Filter of Topology View ................................................................................... 31
7.2.5 Displaying Topology Data According to User Authority ................................... 31
7.2.6 Alarm Information of NE Node/Links between NEs ......................................... 31
7.2.7 Virtual NE/Virtual Link ..................................................................................... 31
7.2.8 Grouping Node ............................................................................................... 32
7.3 Configuration Management............................................................................. 32
7.3.1 Data Configuration .......................................................................................... 32
7.3.2 Dynamic Data Management ........................................................................... 33
7.3.3 Data Synchronization...................................................................................... 33
7.3.4 Version Management...................................................................................... 33
7.3.5 Script Management......................................................................................... 33
7.4 Performance Management ............................................................................. 34
7.4.1 Measurement Task Management ................................................................... 34
7.4.2 QoS Task Management .................................................................................. 34
7.4.3 Querying Performance Data ........................................................................... 35
7.4.4 Performance KPI ............................................................................................ 35
7.4.5 Statistics Analysis ........................................................................................... 35
7.4.6 Simple Performance Report............................................................................ 35
7.5 Security Management ..................................................................................... 36
7.5.1 Department Management ............................................................................... 36
7.5.2 Login Management ......................................................................................... 36
7.5.3 User Management .......................................................................................... 36
7.5.4 Setting Security Event .................................................................................... 36
7.5.5 Role/Role Set Management ............................................................................ 37
7.5.6 User Account Management ............................................................................ 37
7.6 Log management ............................................................................................ 37
7.6.1 Log query ....................................................................................................... 38
7.6.2 Setting Log Filtering Conditions ...................................................................... 38
7.6.3 Log Export and Print ....................................................................................... 38
7.6.4 Log Policy ....................................................................................................... 38
7.7 Task Management .......................................................................................... 39
7.7.1 Task Management .......................................................................................... 39
7.8 System Management ...................................................................................... 39
7.8.1 Server Monitoring ........................................................................................... 39
7.8.2 Database Monitoring....................................................................................... 40
7.8.3 Operating System Watchdog .......................................................................... 40
7.9 Software Management .................................................................................... 41

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7.9.1 Installation and Upgrade ................................................................................. 41


7.9.2 NE Software Version Management ................................................................. 41
7.10 Inventory Management ................................................................................... 41
7.10.1 Inventory Management ................................................................................... 41
7.10.2 Inventory Statistics.......................................................................................... 41
7.11 Trace Management......................................................................................... 42
7.11.1 Signaling Tracing Flow ................................................................................... 42
7.11.2 Signaling Tracing Setting ................................................................................ 42
7.11.3 Signaling View and Maintenance .................................................................... 42
7.11.4 Clock Management ......................................................................................... 43
7.12 Core Network Maintenance ............................................................................ 43
7.12.1 Rack Chart Management ................................................................................ 43
7.12.2 User Data Management .................................................................................. 43
7.12.3 Centralized Configure Data Management ....................................................... 44
7.13 MML Terminal................................................................................................. 44
7.14 Report Management ....................................................................................... 44
7.15 IPV6 supported ............................................................................................... 44
7.16 Web performance Report and Monitor system ................................................ 44
7.17 POOL management ........................................................................................ 45
7.18 Online Help ..................................................................................................... 45

8 System Interface ........................................................................................... 45


8.1 CORBA Interface ............................................................................................ 46
8.2 SNMP Interface .............................................................................................. 46
8.3 MML Interface................................................................................................. 47
8.4 File Interface ................................................................................................... 48
8.5 DB Interface ................................................................................................... 49

9 Reliability ...................................................................................................... 50
9.1 System Reliability ........................................................................................... 50
9.1.1 Data Security .................................................................................................. 50
9.1.2 System Security.............................................................................................. 51
9.2 Hardware Reliability ........................................................................................ 53
9.3 Software Reliability ......................................................................................... 55
9.4 Principle for Network Bandwidth ..................................................................... 57
9.4.1 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and NMS ............................ 57
9.4.2 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and Client ........................... 58
9.4.3 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and NE ............................... 58

10 Technical Indices .......................................................................................... 59


10.1 System Performance Indices .......................................................................... 59
10.2 System power consumption Indices................................................................ 60

11 Appendixes ................................................................................................... 61
11.1 ZTE-Joined Standard Organizations ............................................................... 61
11.2 Acronyms and Abbreviations .......................................................................... 62

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Functional Layers of TMN ................................................................................... 5


Figure 4-1 Schematic Diagram of U31(CN) System Networking Structure ........................... 7
Figure 4-2 Schematic Diagram of U31(CN) System Software Architecture .......................... 8
Figure 4-3 Logic Structure Diagram of U31(CN) System ...................................................... 9
Figure 4-4 Functional Architecture Diagram of U31(CN) System ........................................ 10
Figure 5-1 Networking of U31(CN) ..................................................................................... 11
Figure 5-2 None-Layered Networking Scheme................................................................... 12
Figure 5-3 Remote Networking Scheme............................................................................. 12
Figure 5-4 Reverse Networking Scheme ............................................................................ 13
Figure 5-5 DDN Mode ........................................................................................................ 14
Figure 5-6 E1 Mode ........................................................................................................... 15
Figure 5-7 HDSL Mode ...................................................................................................... 16
Figure 5-8 Integrated Networking Scheme ......................................................................... 17
Figure 6-1 Rack Diagram of U31(CN) ................................................................................ 18
Figure 6-2 Front and Rear Panel of U31(CN) ..................................................................... 19
Figure 6-3 View Management of ZTE ETCA platform ......................................................... 20
Figure 6-4 View of Internal Fabric ...................................................................................... 20
Figure 8-1 CORBA Interface of U31(CN) ........................................................................... 46
Figure 8-2 SNMP interface ................................................................................................. 47
Figure 8-3 MML Interface Command of U31(CN) ............................................................... 48
Figure 8-4 Medium DB interface Function .......................................................................... 49
Figure 9-1 System Redundancy based on Disk Array of Local Mode ................................. 54
Figure 9-2 System Redundancy based on Disk Array of Remote Mode ............................. 55

TABLES

Table 5-1 DDN Configuration ............................................................................................. 14


Table 5-2 Configuration of E1 Mode ................................................................................... 15
Table 5-3 Configuration of HDSL Mode .............................................................................. 16
Table 7-1 U31(CN) Alarm Information Details .................................................................... 24

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Table 7-2 Alarm rules ......................................................................................................... 27


Table 9-1 Required Bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and NE ...................................... 58
Table 10-1 System Performance Indices............................................................................ 59
Table 10-2 System power consumption Indices ................................................................. 60
Table 11-2 Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................ 62

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

1 Overview
NetNumen U31(CN) (hereafter, U31(CN) is used) system is built on a unified NM platform
of ZTE, provides centralized management for all kinds of core network equipment of
GSM/WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/CDMA/Wimax/EPC, such as MSC, MSC Server, MGW, HLR,
SGSN, GGSN, MSCe, PDSN, AGW, AAA, MGCF, MME, SGW/PGW, DRA,TWAG and
CG.

Furthermore, ZTE self developed products, such as CTS(Call Trace System),


NetBAS(Network Business Analysis System), also can be managed by U31(CN) for
alarm management.

U31(CN) provides functions of fault management, topology management, performance


management, configuration management, security management, log management, trace
management, inventory management, system management, etc.

U31(CN) is located in EMS layer of TMN model, and provides northbound interface such
as FTP File, CORBA, SNMP and MML.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

2 Highlight Features

2.1 Compliant with International Standard Protocol


U31(CN) is strictly compatible with the TMN series recommendations of ITU-T, TMN, and
3GPP series NM protocol.

2.2 Open System Structure and Interface


U31(CN) system employs J2EE platform frame, which is independent of the operating
system platform and database. It provides various NM interfaces like CORBA, SNMP,
MML, File and other interfaces.

2.3 Powerful Network Management Function


U31(CN) system manages the whole GSM/WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/CDMA/WINMAX/EPS
core network of ZTE, and provides standard management interfaces interconnected with
the devices from other providers, so that different devices of the telecom network can be
maintained and managed unitarily. U31(CN) provides an open cascading function,
meeting the requirements of centralized management combined with distributed
management.

2.4 Unique Functions of Application Management


In addition to configuration management, fault management, performance management
and security management, U31(CN) system provides a unique function of application
management, including management capability of authority and domain division,
self-defined browsing of various data in the system, system fault relativity and fault
treatment consulting function, customized report and time report management, and
signaling tracing.

2.5 Flexible System Expansion


The plug-in structure design of U31(CN) software structure ensures the system to be
capable of fast developing new devices and new service management. The system
supports management of NE devices and can be conveniently extended to the
management of the network layer and service layer. Moreover, by customizing the
protocol handling components in the NE adaptive frame, it can smoothly access various
devices, and support the coexistence of multi-versions.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

2.6 System Remote Upgrading and Installation


U31(CN) system enables remote upgrading and installation of the system through the
network, and implements the operation of device upgrading and installation through
remote clients, meeting the rapid response of service requirements change, and reducing
the costs of system software distribution and maintenance.

2.7 Support Multi-level and Multi-authorization


Management
With respect to the operators maintenance management strategy, the system can be
implemented based on network dimension and maintenance strategy in the light of the
operators recommendation.

2.8 Support Multi-Access Mode


U31(CN) system provides GUI client access, telnet access, and Web access. Telnet
access is convenient to make configuration of NEs from any PC client without installing
client software. In addition, the GUI interface enables operators to perform all of the
operations of NEs.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

3 System Principle
Designed on TMN (Telecommunication Management Network) concept and operating
mechanism proposed by ITU, U31(CN) system satisfies the architecture and function
requirements of TMN. U31(CN) system is in the EMS layer of the TMN, and provides a
part of functions of the NMS layer.

3.1 TMN Principle


The management method of the telecom network is progressing as the telecom network
is expending and the science technology is developing. Its development can be divided
into the following three stages: Manual management -> dispersed computer aided
management -> integrated distributed management. The purpose of telecommunication
network management is to utilize network resources to the maximum extent, reduce the
enterprise operation cost, and provide telecom services of high quality and high reliability.
The TMN just provides a complete solution for the implementation of telecommunication
network management. It simplifies the management mode of telecom operation
enterprises in hybrid networks with multiple vendors, reduces management cost of
telecom operation, and thus brings more benefits to the carriers.

The TMN provides an organized network structure to achieve interconnection between


the Operating Systems (OS) and between the OS and the telecom equipment. It is a
management information exchange system that adopts interfaces of standard protocols
and information to support planning, configuration, installation, operation and
organization of the telecommunication networks and the telecom services.

As shown in the figure below, the functions of TMN are classified into five layers, from
upper to lower layers, namely: Business management layer, Service management layer,
Network management layer, Network element management layer and Network element
layer in sequence. U31(CN) system is located in Network element management layer,
and includes a part of functions of Network management layer. The layers directly related
to U31(CN) system include Network management layer and Network element layer.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 3-1 Functional Layers of TMN

Business management layer Manager

MO

Q3

Agent
Service management layer
Manager
MO

Q3

Agent
Network management layer
Manager
MO

Q3/Corba

Agent
Network element management layer
Manager
MO

Qx

Network element layer Agent

MO

The business management layer consists of management functions that support the
decision of the entire enterprise, such as generation of economic analysis reports and
quality analysis reports, and setting of tasks and objectives. Its user is the top-level
administrator of the telecom operator.

The service management layer comprises functions of service provision, service control
and monitoring and service-related charging processing, which involves such services as
telephone switching services, IN services, mobile communication services and leased
data line services. Its user is the service operation administrator.

The network management layer provides network management functions, such as


network traffic monitoring and control, dispatching of network protection routes,
monitoring and measurement of the regenerator section/route quality, and
comprehensive analysis and coordination of multiple network faults. Its user is the
network organization administrator.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

The network element management layer implements operation and management of one
or more NEs, such as remote operation and maintenance of the switches and the BSCs,
and equipment software and hardware management. It is not responsible for the issues
between the NE management layer and the NE. Its user is the equipment O&M operator.

The Network element layer is a network factor in the telecom network, realizing basic
functions of the telecom network. It plays a managed role in the network management,
providing original data of network management. In the WCN, the network elements
include MSC, MSC Server, MGW, HLR, SGSN, GGSN, and CG.

TMN specifies that, the layers are interconnected with each other by Qx interface, and
the CORBA interface may be employed, and the CORBA/MML interface to the upper
NMS. Along with the TMNs developing, the CORBA interface with simple realization,
unified standard and object-oriented structure, has become the mainstream interface
between the NMS layer and EMS layer.

3.2 U31(CN) System Principle


U31(CN) system refers to the layer division design of the TMN. The whole U31(CN)
system is located in the EMS layer, providing Itf-N interface to the NMS layer, such as
CORBA, SNMP, and MML, and realizing the accessing of OMM to the NE layer and the
management of NE. It realizes a unified monitoring and management on one or multiple
types of devices.

U31(CN) system provides standard management functions defined by the TMN system,
i.e., security management, fault management, performance management and
configuration management, etc. For the ease of use, it provides functions of log
management and report printing. In addition, it provides many supplementary tools in the
NE layer (some of the tools are optional, i.e., not included in the standard software
configuration of the system. The following is the same).

U31(CN) system realizes functions of Network element management layer and a part of
functions of the Network management layer in the TMN. It is to make centralized
management, monitoring and counting on the NE devices of the lower layer. The higher
the management layer is, the weaker the function of the NE operation and maintenance
is, and meanwhile, the function of the network centralized management is stronger.

The OMM(Operation and Maintenance Module) system realizes NE management


functions in the TMN. Besides the four management functions required by the TMN (the
four functions are configuration, performance, fault, and security), OMM layer provides
series of supplementary tools according to the needs of the device operation and
maintenance (O&M), facilitating the local operation and maintenance to the most.

U31(CN) system adopts the general architecture of J2EE, and uses the excellent idea of
JDMK (Java dynamic management tool set).

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

4 System Architecture

4.1 Networking Architecture


U31(CN) system is flexibly applied to multiple networking modes. If NE devices and
U31(CN) system are in the same site, allocate the NE and U31(CN) server in the same
LAN. If the NE and U31(CN) server are not in the same site, the WAN (Wide Area
Network) networking is used. Connect the NE with U31(CN) server through the router
and link DDN/E1. U31(CN) client can also connect to U31(CN) server remotely. The
figure below describes the network distribution structure of the system networking.

Figure 4-1 Schematic Diagram of U31(CN) System Networking Structure

4.2 Software Architecture


U31(CN) system is built on the unified NM platform of ZTE, realizing NM software
functions by modules. The architecture of the system software is as shown in Figure 4-2:

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 4-2 Schematic Diagram of U31(CN) System Software Architecture

P
NMF
l
Application
a
NetNumen U31(CN) t
NAF f
o
r
m

WSF OSF
NEF

MIF

Work Station Function WSF: responsible for the friendly presentation of the NE
information to user in the form of letter and graphic interface. Meanwhile, it transfers
the operation of the operator to the Operating System Function (OSF). OSF
organizes the application logic handling of the operation. WSF realizes the interface
G and interface F in the TMN, among which interface G is man-machine interface,
and interface F is the interface between WSF and OSF.

Operating System Function OSF: handling the information related to the application
of NE management, supporting and controlling the realization of NE device
management function, and including several system management application
functions, i.e., fault management, performance management, security management,
configuration management.

NE Function NEF: the managed network devices of various kinds, such as MSC
Server, SGSN, HLR.

Northward interface Access Function NAF: the access agent function of upper layer
NM system NMF, providing four kinds of access interfaces, MML, CORBA, DB and
SNMP. Through the agent function, it can realize the accessing of management
applications, to implement the network layer management functions of the integrated
NM system.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

The operating system platform of U31(CN) system may select Windows NT/2000 or
Sun Solaris, realizing the platform non-relativity through JVM. The database system
can be purchased according to the users needs. The employed database is
suggested to be ORACLE;

It is allowed that some functions are not installed in the system (for example,
performance management is not installed), and other functions can run normally (the
basic functions such as configuration must be installed).

4.3 Logical Architecture


The logical architecture of U31(CN) system is as shown in the following figure, and
three-layer architecture complies with TMN recommendations. The three layers are in the
relations of manager and agent. In U31(CN), the agents NE provide the function of NE
management, and reporting the management functions to NMS, so that the network
management layer can realize the integrated management of the whole network.
Between U31(CN) and NE, the interface Qx is employed to realize the interaction of
management information, communicating with the NMS through the standard
CORBA/SNMP/MML interface. OMM is a local maintenance system, realizing the local
maintenance and operation of NE, and realizing the management and application of the
equipment room at the local end. U31(CN) is composed of client and server. Between the
client and the server, message is sent through interface F.

The logical structure of U31(CN) system is as shown in Figure 4-3.

Figure 4-3 Logic Structure Diagram of U31(CN) System

NMS
Manager Network Management
Center
CORBA/FTP/SNMP/ MML

U31(CN)

WSF Manager
U31
F Agent
Agent Agent Agent Layer

Qx Qx Qx Qx
NE Layer
NE NE NE NE

LMT LMT LMT LMT

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

4.4 Functional Architecture


The functions of U31(CN) system include configuration management, fault management,
security management, topology management, performance management, report
management, and character terminal. The client and the server communicate through the
F interface message. The server and the NE communicate through internal interface
message. U31(CN) provides FTP file, CORBA, MML, SNMP and other kinds of interfaces
to the upper layer NMS.

Local Maintenance Function LMT is integrated into U31(CN), including trace


management, service watching, voice management, file management, and clock
management.

The functional architecture diagram of U31(CN) system is as shown in Figure 4-4.

Figure 4-4 Functional Architecture Diagram of U31(CN) System

Configuration Fault Security Report forms


management management management management
Client
Performance Topology Local Character
NMS
statistics management maintenance terminal

F Message CORBA/SNMP/DB/ MML

U31(CN) server
Fault Configuration Security Topology Performance
management management management management statistics

NE MGW MSC Server HLR MME

Local
LMT LMT LMT LMT LMT
maintenance

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

5 Networking Structure

5.1 Logic Structure

Networking of U31(CN) system is very flexible. CN equipments can be managed in the


integrated way with an integrated version, or independently with their respective versions.
When the managed NEs are widely scattered, distributed management can be used.
First, deploy U31(CN) Servers by areas; then fulfill concatenation among U31(CN)
Servers.

The out-of-band (transmission of NM data is separated from that of business data)


network management mode is recommended for networking to ensure that services can
run normally and service data is separated from network management data. If the
investment is high, the in-band (transmission of NM data is the same as business data)
NM networking mode is also practical.

Logical structure of U31(CN) networking is shown in Figure 5-1.

Figure 5-1 Networking of U31(CN)

Remote Client

Disk Array PSTN


Local Client U31 Server U31 Server
(Database)

DCN

Remote DB Backup

MSCs, MGW, HLR, MSCe, MME, SAE-GW,


SGSN, GGSN

Core Network

The above figure shows the networking of a local area network. If the network condition is
complex and the network crosses different areas, networking by area is recommended.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

5.2 Local Networking Scheme


This is the simplest scheme. In this case, U31(CN) server, client and NE are all in the
same LAN, connected with Ethernet together. It is shown in Figure 5-2:

Figure 5-2 None-Layered Networking Scheme

5.3 Remote Networking Scheme


In this case, the client is in the remote LAN or the CN equipment and client both are in the
remote LAN, including the access modes as follows: DDN, E1, HDSL, and X.25 (its max
bandwidth is 64kbps-not-recommended.It is shown in Figure 5-3:

Figure 5-3 Remote Networking Scheme

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

There is another remote networking scheme named Reverse. In this case, the reverse
client only can manage local NEs through the remote U31(CN) server, as shown in
Figure 5-4:

Figure 5-4 Reverse Networking Scheme

5.3.1 DDN Mode

DDN mode has a high speed and stable transmission. Its bandwidth is from 64kbps to
2Mbps with routers and modems. It is shown in the Figure 5-5 as follows:

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 5-5 DDN Mode

Table 5-1 DDN Configuration


No. Type Spec. Num. Note
N is decided by the number of
1 Router ZXR10 GAR 1+n
remote RNC-LAN
16 Ports, to connect server,
Decided by client and RNC in the LAN, the
2 Switch ZXR10 1816
need number is decided by the
practical need
3 Twisted-pair 3 or 5 class X(m) Decided by need
Router To access MODEM for the local
4 RA-4HS 1+n
sub-card U31(CN) client
Router
5 V.35C1 1+n To connect router and MODEM
cable
To connect DDN, the max
6 MODEM ASM-40 (1+n)
bandwidth is 2048kbps

Note: the rented DDN speed rate depends on the bandwidth, and the needed bandwidth
is calculated by the number of remote RNC and clients.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

5.3.2 E1 Mode

To transfer IP packages through E1 with 2Mbps, it is necessary to pick up time-slots at


the end of E1.The maximum rate of each time-slot is 64kbps. With the CHANNEL
technology, it will reach the rate of N*64kbps, and will satisfy different needs. Moreover,
the router is the best choice for E1 module to extract time-slots, which can provide more
stable performance. The topology map is shown in Figure 5-6:

Figure 5-6 E1 Mode

Table 5-2 Configuration of E1 Mode

No. Type Spec. Num. Note


N is decided by the
1 Router ZXR10 GAR 1+n number of remote
RNC-LAN
N is decided by the
number of remote
Router
2 RA-4CE1-75 1+n RNC-LAN ,with using
sub-card
E1 coaxial interface
board
To connect the
equipment in the LAN
3 Switch ZXR10 1816 By needs such as server, client,
RNC, etc. The
interface number is
decided by practical

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

No. Type Spec. Num. Note


needs.
4 Twisted-pair 3 or 5 class X(m) It is decided by needs.
To access E1
5 E1 DT75/3- n+1 transferring network
from router.

5.3.3 HDSL Mode

HDSL (High-data-rate Digital Subscriber Line) has modems on two ends of one or more
twisted pairs. HDSL provides a symmetrical transfer rate; viz. the UL rate is equal to the
DL rate. The effective transferring distance can reach 5km by only one twisted-pair.
However, if HDSL is not stable, it is not recommended to be used in the network, with
reference to Figure 5-7:

Figure 5-7 HDSL Mode

Table 5-3 Configuration of HDSL Mode

No. Type Spec. Num. Notes


N is decided by the
1 Router ZXR10 GAR 1+n number of remote
RNC-LAN

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

16 ports, To connect the


equipment in LAN such
as server, client, RNC,
2 Switch ZXR10 1816 By needs
etc. The interface
number is decided by
practical needs.
3 Twisted-pair 3 or 5 class X(m) By needs
To access HDSL modem
on the end of Radio
4 Router sub-card RA-4HS 1+n
Operation and
maintenance Center
To connect router and
5 Router cable V.35C1 1+n
HDSL MODEM
Consistent with
Provide the V.35 network
6 HDSL MODEM bureau (1+n)
interface
equipments

Notes: Nowadays, HDSL has been updated to G.SHDSL. If G.SHDSL is used, the HDSL
modem above will be replaced by SHDSL modem. Its spec. type is ASMi-52 product.

5.4 Integrated Networking Scheme


It is combined with local LAN and remote LAN, and is often used. In this case, there
coexist the local CN equipment and the remote CN equipment. The integrated
networking scheme with DDN mode is shown in Figure 5-8 as follows:

Figure 5-8 Integrated Networking Scheme

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

6 Hardware Structure

6.1 Product Physical Structure


The introduction of U31(CN) hardware deployment consists of Rack, Shelf and Board.

6.1.1 Rack Introduction

Normally, U31(CN) shares the rack with other NEs, which are based on ZTE ETCA
platform.

U31(CN) cabinet adopts international standard 19-inch cabinet, in the dimension of


2200mm * 600mm * 800mm (H * W * D).

Figure 6-1 Rack Diagram of U31(CN)

6.1.2 Shelf Introduction

U31(CN) ETCA shelf follows PICMG3.0 standard, and the form factor is
619.5mm*482.6mm*415mm (H*W*D). U31(CN) shelf uses dual-insert structure, which is
based on ETCA architecture. There are 14 slots, Slots 1~6 and 9~14 are only used for
installing the blade server and Slots 7~8 are only used for installing switching network
boards.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

The diagrams of shelf are shown as below.

Figure 6-2 Front and Rear Panel of U31(CN)

6.1.3 Board Introduction

ETCA platform adopts the following hardware boards:

OPB: Operate Process Blade;

SWB: Switching Board;

SWB is ETCA switch sub-system developed by ZTE, which realizes Giga Ethernet
switching function of system BASE and FABRIC plane, and provides 16 GE inter-shelf
cascade ports by backboard externally.

OPB board provides 4 GE electrical ports and 1 RS232 port is provided by back board.

6.2 Hardware Architecture


ZTE ETCA platform is oriented to all CN services and control NEs, such as MSC Server,
CG etc.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 6-3 View Management of ZTE ETCA platform

Fan Fan Power Power


CMM CMM
Tray Tray Entry Entry
Module Module

IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC

IPMB0
IPMB1

IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC IPMC

Front Front Front Front Front Front Front Front


Board Board Board Board Board Board Board Board

Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear


Board Board Board Board Board Board Board Board

ETCA plug-in box has an intelligent hardware management system based on IPMI
specification. CMM board realizes physical resource management and monitoring of
manageable equipment in ETCA plug-in box, provides out-of-band system management
interface for external or embedded system manager to realize bottom management of the
entire system. CMM is the managing center of ETCA plug-in box; it is responsible for
power-on control, status management, sensor data management of whole plug-in box.
CMM is the key equipment for other suppliers ETCA boards to realize interconnection
and interworking test. IPMC controller connects with boards by IPMB and makes them
work under IPMI architecture management. It mainly fulfills monitoring, control and
management of ETCA boards or key hardware resources of other shelf components; it
also communicates with CMM by intelligent IPMB, reports various events to CMM and
accept management and control from CMM.

Figure 6-4 View of Internal Fabric

Serdes Update

Serdes Base 0
Serdes Base 1

Front Front Front Front Front Front


SWB SWB
Board Board Board Board Board Board

Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear Rear


Board Board Board Board Board Board

Serdes Fabric 0
Serdes Fabric 1

Clock Sync Bus

Internal Fabric consists of Base Channel Network, Fabric Channel Network, Update
Channel Network and Clock Synchronization Network.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

6.2.1 ZTE ETCA Platform Features

Follow ETCA standard architecture

Products follow ETCA standard system design, including power supply input and
distribution, engine structure, system intelligent management, backplane topological
structure, connector, optical/electric channel, switch function and I/O interfaces.

Strong shelf management

Products follow IPMI standard, establish an integrate equipment management system by


independent CMM, dual-star IPMB and each FRU, provide resource sharing (backplane,
fan plug-in shelf, power supply module), equipment management, sensor and evens
management, user management, fan plug-I shelf, power supply module and remote
maintenance.

Easy-to-expand

It can improve products operating performance by addling blade server or cascade shelf;
it supports smooth upgrading and expansion.

Highly-reliable

Redundancy Protection

Provide redundancy protection for key functional modules, when there is some
fault, system will automatically switch to backup modules.

DC power supply module adopts 1+1 redundancy protection; each module


supports 2 circuits of -48V DC input.

CMM supports 1+1 active & standby redundancy protection, and automatic data
synchronization between active and standby modes.

Board support 1+1 redundancy protection.

Management and service bus adopt dual-star redundancy design.

Fault-tolerance

Provide rich fault-tolerance functions; ensure reliability in terms of hardware and


software design.

Provide multi-level protection of software and data; be capable of self-detection


and automatic restore. Provide protection for board software overload
interruption.

Board support mis-insert protection design.

Provide anti-reverse connection for power supply and isolation design for power
fault.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Software support patch and on-line load.

Fault management

Provide rich fault management functions to ensure system reliability, including


fault detection, fault diagnosis position, independent fault information report etc.

FRU unit realize fault detection and report by its IPMC module.

Provide fault detection for fan plug-in shelf and access power supply module.

Provide heartbeat detection for management channel.

Provide fault detection for backup channel.

Provide automatic fault position diagnosis.

Easy-to-maintain

Board, CMM, power supply and fan etc support hot-plug.

Provide on-line upgrading of application programs.

Chute is easy to wire routing before and back of the shelf.

6.3 Reliability

6.3.1 Hardware Reliability

U31(CN) adopts abundant redundancy technologies to improve system reliability.


Moreover, U31(CN) also improves system maintainability with the system failure
detection/isolation technology.

Adopt high-reliable hardware

U31(CN) adopts ZTE new-generation V4 platform, it uses ETCA architecture, and strictly
follows telecom equipment standard, and perfect design in tele-magnetic compatibility,
over/under-voltage protection, ventilation and heat elimination, intelligent management,
which effectively ensures system reliability and stability.

U31(CN) also adopts IP-SAN disc array for data storing, and this disc array adopts
RAID5+hotspare technology, to ensure data security.

Adopt 1+1 active & standby

U31(CN) system adopts 1+1 active & standby for all boards, system performs automatic
detection for important resources (network interface, hard disc, etc) of boards, switch
automatically for boards fault and alarm, which effectively ensures system reliability.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Adopt large-capacity and expandable disk array

U31(CN) uses commercial IP-SAN disk array, which is capable of hard disc capacity
expansion and is convenient for operators to expand capacity.

Adopt redundant network link

U31(CN) adopts dual network ports to make a redundancy of key links such as links
connected with core network NEs and link among GES switchboards, which guarantees
the security of transmission.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

7 Functionality

7.1 Fault Management


The fault management module of U31(CN) system monitors the current use condition of
the devices in real time, providing device alarm information and solutions to common
faults, convenient for the user to know the current use condition of the devices. The user
can avoid the device fault by analyzing the alarm information. Since there is a lot of alarm
information when the device fails, U31(CN) provides the function of alarm information
filtering and alarm relativity setting. It may only display the alarm information about which
the user is most concerned. In addition, the system provides an alarm knowledge
database. For common alarms, the user can solve it by referring to the help information in
the alarm knowledge database. The alarm information and the topology management of
U31(CN) are combined together. It is convenient to see the alarm of each NE device in
the topology map. In addition, the alarm condition and quantity can be known according
to the displaying color and prompt. The alarm information can generate work-dispatching
card. The dispatching card system informs the device maintenance staff to solve the fault,
thus implementing fault solution automation.

The fault management of U31(CN) system includes the following functions.

7.1.1 Fault Collection

The abnormal statuses generated by the NE will generate alarm information. The
information includes serial number (sequence number), alarm type, alarm severity, the
NE generating the alarm and location information, alarm generating time, and alarm
reason. The alarm information details are shown in the following table.

Table 7-1 U31(CN) Alarm Information Details


Alarm Information Parameter Meaning
Number of U31(CN) server which handles the
Node code
alarm;
System type Type of system which generates the alarm;
Unique number of the alarm, unique under the
Serial number
NE;
Generating position Alarm generating position
Situation description of the device causing the
Description
alarm
Alarm Level: critical alarm, major alarm, minor
Level
alarm and warning alarm.

Type Alarm Type: telecommunication alarm, device


alarm, QoS alarm, processor alarm, and

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Alarm Information Parameter Meaning


environment alarm.

Possible Cause Cause generating alarm;


Name of person performing
Confirm/Anti-confirm operator
confirm/anti-confirm operation;
Information input during
Confirm/Anti-confirm information
confirming/anti-confirming;
Alarm confirming status, not confirm or
Confirming type
confirm;
Time of occurrence: Alarm occurring time
If there is any change after the alarm occurs, it
Change time:
is the time when the change occurs;
Time of performing confirm/anti-confirm
Confirm/anti-confirm time
operation;
Device status or other information when the
Detailed information alarm occurs, convenient for the maintenance
personnel to further locate the alarm;
Extension property: NE distinct alarm information

7.1.2 Fault Display

The client of the fault management displays current alarm situation of the NE. The alarm
information, which can be displayed, includes all the contents collected in the fault
collection.

The way of viewing alarms include list way and rack diagram way. The rack diagram way
displays the physical location and level of each alarm by showing the real rack physically.
The alarm list and rack diagram can differentiate different levels of alarms by colors.

In the list way, a user can sort alarms according to any displayed information category,
for example, serial number (sequence number), alarm type, time information, location
information, and alarm status sequence, which is convenient for comparing and handling
the alarms. Additionally, current alarms and history alarms are separately displayed.

The alarm and its recovery information are sent to the topology management interface for
displaying. Meanwhile, they are sent to the alarm box for broad and attractive displaying.

All the displayed information will be influenced by the user setting, such as alarm filtering
and re-definition information set by the user.

7.1.3 Alarm Acknowledgement and Un-acknowledgement

Alarm acknowledge is to change the status of one alarm from un-acknowledgement to


acknowledgement. Alarm UN-acknowledge is to change the status of one alarm from
acknowledge to un-acknowledge.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

The alarm acknowledge/un-acknowledge are convenient for maintenance staff. When the
alarm is found and maintenance staff has taken some measures, if this alarm need not be
observed any more, the maintenance staff can set the alarm status as Acknowledged;
after the alarm is acknowledged, if it is found that this problem has not been solved yet
and needs to be observed again, the maintenance staff can set the alarm status back to
Un-acknowledged.

The normal user with alarm operation right can only un-acknowledge his/her own alarm.
Admin users can un-acknowledge all the alarms.

7.1.4 Alarm Clear

Alarm clear can clear one alarm data from network equipment and network management
system. This function is used when the manual clearing is needed since alarms cannot
be resumed due to some reasons. When the network management system cannot
connect with the alarmed equipment, the alarm clear operation will fail.

7.1.5 Alarm Synchronization

Alarm synchronization is to make the present alarm information consistent between


background U31(CN) system and the front-end alarm source. This includes automatic
synchronization and manual synchronization.

1. Automatic synchronization includes 3 scenes:

When the link is recovered between client and server, client will automatically
synchronize with server.

The alarm synchronization is triggered automatically between server and alarm


source in the following cases:

The broken link between front end and foreground equipment is recovered.

U31(CN) server is restarted.

The switchover of active/standby of front end equipment

Timing synchronization function: this function will automatically be taken during a


fixed time, between client and server, server and alarm source.

2. Manual synchronization

When a user finds the alarm data of NM system may be different from the network
equipment, Manual synchronization can be used on client to synchronize the alarm data
of specific network equipment.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

7.1.6 Alarm Manual Forward Function

Alarm manual forward function is to forward the alarms in system by email or SMS to the
maintenance staff.

7.1.7 Alarm Data Export

Alarm data export function is to export all alarm data in alarm view to files. The supported
file formats include: TXT, EXCEL, PDF, HTML, CSV, etc.

7.1.8 Alarm Rules Management

When server receives the alarm and notification message, it will decide the processing
manner according to the predefined rules. The rule customization function on client can
conveniently view, modify, and delete the rules in server, or create new rules and submit
them to server. All the rules are available only for the alarms and notifications generated
after these rules are created.

Alarm rules are introduced below.

Table 7-2 Alarm rules

Rule Name Function Description


Alarm Re-definition Set Alarm severity class according system type and alarm
setting code.
Alarm Re-definition Set the unified severity class for the alarms satisfying the
rule rules.
If reported alarms satisfy the rule, discard them directly,
Alarm storage filtering
neither storing into database, nor displaying in the present
rule
alarm real-time monitoring interface of client.
If reported notifications satisfy the rule, discard them
Notification storage
directly, neither storing into database, nor displaying in the
filtering rule
present notification real-time monitoring interface of client.
If reported alarms satisfy the rule, store them into database,
Alarm Global Filtering
but does not display in the present alarm real-time
rule
monitoring interface of client.
Alarm automatic If reported alarms satisfy the rule, notify the designated
forward rule users by email and short message.
Alarm automatic If reported alarms satisfy the rule, change the state of this
acknowledgement rule alarm to acknowledged.
If reported alarms satisfy the rules, directly clear the alarm
Alarm automatic
from the present alarm and put them into history alarm
clearing rule
database.
If reported alarms satisfy the rules, delay a certain time and
Alarm delay rule display them in the present alarm real-time monitoring
interface of client.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Rule Name Function Description


Set the alarm sources and alarm codes of the suppression
alarm (also called primary alarm) and the suppressed
Alarm suppression rule
alarm (also called secondary alarm). When the primary
alarm exists, the secondary alarm is suppressed to report.
Only the alarm of the alarm code is reported when multiple
alarms with the specified location and specified alarm code
are generated, and the alarm of this alarm code is not
Alarm merge rule
reported in the future. When all alarms of this alarm code
are cleared, the reported alarm of this alarm code is
recovered.
Applicable for the alarms of specified location and specified
alarm code. When the count of the alarms of this specified
Alarm Counting Rule
alarm code reaches a certain number in the set period, a
new alarm will be generated.
Applicable to the Client. After the Client receives alarms
Alarm User Filtering from the Server, screen alarms through the alarm user
Rule filtering condition of the login user. Alarms meeting the
condition can be displayed.
If reported alarms satisfy the alarm box rule, automatically
forward the alarms to designated alarm box. Such as: Alarm
Acknowledgement Rule, Alarm Clearance Rule, Alarm Filter
Alarm Box rule Rule, Alarm Delay Rule, Alarm Merging Rule, Alarm
Duration Rule, Alarm Count Rule, Alarm Restrain Rule
NE/MOC, Alarm Forwarding Rule, Alarm Mask Rule,
Notification Filter Rule.

7.1.9 Alarm Handling Suggestion

The system equipment summarizes some alarm handling experiences after the long-time
operation as a reference for the similar problem in the future. The summary of these
handling experiences is the alarm handling suggestion.

The alarm handling suggestion interface displays the alarm system type index. For each
alarm, the system provides the default handling suggestion. Users can record the
handling suggestions according to their experiences. These alarm-handling suggestions
can either be imported or exported. The file formats include Excel, PDF, HTML, and Txt.

7.1.10 Alarm Parameter Setting

Fault management module allows users to modify parameters related with alarms:

Alarm box setting: to set a series of actions after the alarms are sent to the alarm box. For
example, voice alarms are only generated for Class one or Class two alarms.

Alarm color setting: different alarm classes have corresponding colors in client interface.
Users can set the corresponding relationship between the alarm class and color
according to their own situation.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Environment parameter setting: alarm is generated when the peripheral environment


(temperature, humidity, smoke, etc.) is not in the scope of default or pre-defined setting.
Fault management module allows users to set these threshold values.

7.1.11 Fault Query and Statistics

The user can obtain various detailed and desired fault information by fault browsing.

The user can set various alarm browsing conditions, including location of device, alarm
level, current alarm status, alarm type, fault reason, time of alarm generating, recovering
and confirming.

The browsing result can generate a report, which can be printed or saved as a file.

The user can count the current alarms and history alarms of the system in frequency. The
statistics result can be used as the basis for analyzing system faults. The statistics can be
made according to the alarm time, alarm type, alarm level, and NE where the alarm
occurs. The statistics filter condition can be set by alarm location, alarm level, alarm
category, alarm time, and status. The statistics result can be shown by a diagram.

7.1.12 Event (Notification) Management

Event (notification) is generated in NE, describing information of the status change


occurring in the running process. These status changes do not indicate that the system
fails, but they are the information that needs to be known in monitoring system running
and deciding fault reason.

Event (notification) can be viewed by the list way, and can be queried.

7.1.13 Alarm Box and Its Management

The alarm box is usually placed at an outstanding position of the NM equipment room,
and displays various faults of the system in the form of sound and light to remind
maintenance personnel to focus on and handle the faults.

Moreover, the alarm box can send the alarm information to the maintenance personnel
who have mobile phone and email address in the form of short message and email, so
that the maintenance personnel will not miss important alarm information when he is not
in the equipment room.

U31(CN) fault management system provides the function of alarm box setting, including
the setting of short message user and the setting of alarm box parameters. The
information of the maintenance personnel and what level of alarm will be sent to the
personnel may be set, controlling the alarm level sent to the alarm box and the sound &
light displaying situation.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

7.2 Topology Management


The topology management of U31(CN) system provides a visual NE relation display and
a network topology map, which can be opened. The topology map employs the industry
prevailing structure of left tree and right diagram. On the left of the view is the NE
topology tree, organized according to the configuration relation of NEs. On the right of the
view is the panorama display of the NE devices, and it can display the NE topology
structure by several levels. The panorama provides a panorama device display. The user
can customize the background of the map, and set the longitude and latitude of the map.
The functions of the topology map are closely connected with each management module.
The alarm information and configuration information off the NE can be viewed through
the topology map. Configuration, alarm, performance and diagnosis modules of NEs can
be invoked. The topology management provides the functions such as logic view,
grouping nodes, virtual NE, virtual link. The user can manage the devices and set virtual
NEs in group, convenient for network display and analysis. The panorama provides the
operations of part zooming in, searching, cascading display, and provides personalized
interface setting. The user can customize the interface setting as his like, for example the
icon, interface color, and view size.

The topology management includes the following functions:

7.2.1 Navigation Tree

Display the NE devices as a tree in the interface, and the navigation tree is formed. The
topology map and the node of the navigation tree are in one to one correspondence. The
navigation tree and the topology view are synchronized with each other. The navigation
tree provides navigation function to the topology view, and the topology map displays the
nodes of the related layer of the selected node in the navigation tree. The node of the
navigation tree provides the functions related to the node, such as viewing the property,
modifying the NE information, counting the sub nodes.

7.2.2 Display of Topology Map

The topology map of U31(CN) provides the panorama display of the device topology
structure of the whole network. The NE device can be quickly located in the topology map.
The topology map employs the coordinates of longitude and latitude, supporting
geographical information system. The icon of NE device can be displayed in the actual
geographical location of the map. The user can lock the setting of the NE device icon, so
that it cannot be moved to other position, and can be moved only when it is unlocked. The
node icon of the topology map can display the statistics information of the NE device,
such as NE number under the node, link number, group number, and alarm information.

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7.2.3 Control of Topology Map Display

U31(CN) system supports moving the whole map, zooming in by each level, zooming out
by each level, back to the original, whole view display, and partial zooming in. It supports
forwarding and rewinding of browsing the topology map layers, and locating to any
browsed map layer, and finding a specified NE device in the topology map. It supports
changing background map of the topology. It can be configured as world map and China
map to realize the NE device management of a large scope. In addition, it can be
configured as a local area map and equipment room display map, so that the display of
topology view is more human.

After the data synchronization of U31(CN) system is finished, the client will be refreshed,
ensuring that the topology data are consistent with configuration data, while the relation
of NE devices set in the topology map will not be influenced. The topology management
module can set the layout way of NEs in the topology view, and deploy the display of NEs
according to the set layout way. The layout includes five ways: cascading layout, tree
layout, actinomorphic layout, explosion layout, and equidistant layout.

7.2.4 Filter of Topology View

The topology view of U31(CN) system can use NE, group, link set, group name, NE
name, link number prompt to build a filter tree to filter the topology view, and it can
implement the filtering directly according to the NE name input by the user.

7.2.5 Displaying Topology Data According to User Authority

U31(CN) system does not display the NE node and topology management module that
the user is not authorized to operate, improving the security of the system and being
convenient for the user to use at the same time.

7.2.6 Alarm Information of NE Node/Links between NEs

The icon of NE device/links between NEs in U31(CN) system can display the color of the
highest level alarm in the corresponding physical devices. In addition, it can prompt the
number of each alarm level and confirm the status. Additionally, the function of querying
alarm and notification is provided.

7.2.7 Virtual NE/Virtual Link

U31(CN) system provides the function of creating virtual NE/virtual link. The user can set
the NE to indicate peripheral device or device node, or set virtual link to indicate that two
NE nodes are interacted or interconnected.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

7.2.8 Grouping Node

The grouping nodes are logic nodes defined by the user, and distributes the NE devices
of physical view to the grouping nodes.

7.3 Configuration Management


The configuration management of U31(CN) system provides the configuration function of
CN NE to the user. It can manage the NE devices such as MSC/VLR (R99), MSC Server,
MGW, GGSN, SGSN, HLR/AuC, CG, GMLC, and POC Server of ZTE. The configuration
management provides the function of adding, deleting, modifying and viewing the NE
data. Moreover, combined with topology management, the user can conveniently view
the configuration and modify the configured information conveniently. The user can
configure the information in U31(CN) server, and load the configuration data to the NE at
once by the way of data transporting. The configuration management of U31(CN) system
also provides the function of software version management, dynamic data management,
and secure variable management.

The configuration management of U31(CN) system includes the following functions:

7.3.1 Data Configuration

The data configuration function of U31(CN) system supports the data configuration
function of various NEs, including the creating, deleting, modifying and querying of
configuration data. It manages various NE data in a centralized way, and saves multiple
sets of configuration data of NE. It supports the function of batch creating and related
creation of the configuration data. The configuration of U31(CN) system is organized in
the way of tree structure, convenient for the user to select and browse in the configuration
object visually.

The configuration of U31(CN) system supports the following parameters and contents:

Configuration of physical resources: physical resources refer to the physical entity of the
NE devices and their relation, mapping relation, such as the situation of rack, chassis,
slot, ant port, and the connection situation of each physical entity. Name of physical entity:
number and working mode are configured in the physical resources configuration too. It
provides a real rack diagram for configuration, convenient and visual.

Configuration of wireless parameters and SS7 signaling: including the parameter


configuration of cell, carrier frequency, SS7 signaling link, office direction, route,
parameters of switching office.

The number analysis configuration is to determine network addresses and service


processing modes corresponding to all kinds of numbers to ensure that the switch can
correctly perform signaling interaction and voice speech channel connection.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

The modification of the configuration will perform the consistency check, ensuring that no
error occurs in the configured data of the system.

The modification on the configuration parameters made by the user will be recorded in
the log in detail, convenient for tracing the configuration modification later. It includes the
name of operator, modification time and the information of parameter value before and
after being modified.

It is possible to export the current configuration data of the NE to a plain text file (xls, xml),
and supports configuring the NE by importing a plain text file (xls, xml).

7.3.2 Dynamic Data Management

The dynamic data management of U31(CN) system provides the function of observing
and managing the resources such as circuit, signaling link, route office direction, Sigtran
coupling, AAL2 path.

7.3.3 Data Synchronization

The data transmission of U31(CN) system can synchronize the configuration data in the
NE. The transmission schedule can be displayed at the client, and the detailed
transmission log can be recorded.

7.3.4 Version Management

U31(CN) system provides the version control function to manage the software running in
the NE. Including the functions such as file management of software version, version file
downloaded to NE, NE uploading version file, and software version querying. Through
software version management, it is convenient to upload NE software, control NE
software version, and obtain NE software information.

When discovering the downloaded software version runs abnormally, you can roll over
the version to the original one. To shorten the upgrade time, U31(CN) provides batch
downloading and distribution to improve the efficiency.

7.3.5 Script Management

The Intelligent script tool provides the simple Project Dynamic Script Language and an
integrated development environment for script editing, debugging, and running.
Meanwhile, this tool can also connect to NEs and send MML commands to them.
U31(CN) can publish scripts to the server by this tool so that the scripts can be executed
on the server, and U31(CN) also can create timing tasks by this tool. U31(CN) can use
the Intelligent script tool and compile project dynamic scripts for repeated maintenance
work realizing automation maintenance work and improve efficiency. Script management

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

consists of script file operations, script debugging, and script running. Script projects
which are published to the server can be executed regularly by timing tasks.

7.4 Performance Management


The performance management of U31(CN) system provides a large number of network
performance counters and KPIs. The network administrator can count the performance
counters by creating performance measuring tasks, and analyze the network
performance by checking the measured results of the counter to provide a basis for
network planning and system maintenance. In addition, the network administrator can
monitor the service quality and device performance. The performance management also
provides the function of performance measuring threshold QoS. The network
administrator can set the system performance threshold by creating QoS measuring
tasks. When the system performance exceeds the threshold, the preset alarm occurs.
The property of performance measuring task includes: logic task number, task name,
collection granularity, start time, end time, time period mask, data mask, task number of
the parent NE, server number, subnet number, office number, NE number, measuring
type, measuring object. The property of QoS task includes: QoS task number, QoS task
name, monitoring granularity, start time, end time, monitoring time period mask, date
mask, server number, subnet number, office number, NE number, measuring type,
measuring object, indices counting item, monitoring direction, four level alarm setting,
monitoring object type.

The performance management of U31(CN) system includes the following functions:

7.4.1 Measurement Task Management

The measurement task management of U31(CN) system includes functions such as


creating, deleting, querying, modifying the measurement task, activating/suspending
measurement task, deleting expiring task, querying and deleting history measurement
task, synchronizing measurement task with the foreground. The NE device will report the
collected data to U31(CN) server according to the requirements of the measurement
tasks.

7.4.2 QoS Task Management

QoS task management includes the functions such as creating, deleting, querying,
modifying the QoS task, activating/suspending QoS task, deleting expiring task, detecting
and identifying QoS task when configuration module deletes measurement object, QoS
task alarm and alarm synchronization. QoS task management makes index settlement
according to the data reported by the corresponding QoS task, generates 4-level alarms
if the threshold is reached, and transfers the alarm information to the alarm module.

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7.4.3 Querying Performance Data

The user can view the performance data saved in the database and the original data. The
result of querying the original data is shown in the form of list, and it can be printed or
saved as a file. For the query mode, the user can set the query scope (office or NE),
query date and time, traffic type, and performance object.

U31(CN) provides performance counting functions to help the user count the
performance indices of the system. The user can count through the template provided by
the system, and freely customize some data template to count. In addition, the user can
modify, view and delete related templates. This function enables the user to flexibly count
the indices of the system according to various combinations.

U31(CN) system adds the statistics project that users are especially concerned with to
the database as default statistics indices. Users can view the definition way, realizing
method and algorithm of these statistics projects. For some statistics projects that users
are quite concerned with, users may tailor the statistic project by customizing the project
functions, including its name and algorithm.

The queried and counted result of the reports can be indicated by the form of the data list
and diagram. It can be saved as the file in the form of Excel, text or HTML.

7.4.4 Performance KPI


KPI is a key index of NE performance. It may be a statistics item under the measurement
item, and can be a new statistics item obtained by the multiple statistics items under the
interface by some formula editor. The performance KPI management of U31(CN) system
includes functions of adding, modifying, deleting KPI items, and querying the KPI data.

7.4.5 Statistics Analysis

The statistics analysis function of U31(CN) system can make a second counting of the
performance data according to the statistics counting formula, and get the data of
statistics analysis. The analysis ways are statistics analysis of fixed conditions, and
statistics analysis of customized conditions.

7.4.6 Simple Performance Report

U31(CN) system can periodically generates simple reports in query result format and
sends them to the user by email. The simple reports are generated via the report task
maintenance which includes report task creation, task deletion, task modification and
task content display. The report format includes xml, csv, txt, html, PDF, and excel.

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7.5 Security Management


The security management of U31(CN) system assigns the authorities of NM function to
users through the way of user role authority management. The system creates user role
and assigns different NM function authorities through the function of user role
management. It assigns one or more user roles to the user through user management, so
that the user has the NM function authority of the user role, while he is assigned with the
user role. The authorities combined in user roles include: adding, deleting, and modifying
each NE, and viewing its operation authorities; modifying NE property, viewing its
operation authority; use authority of each module in U31(CN); use authority of sub
function item in each function module.

The security management of U31(CN) system includes the following functions:

7.5.1 Department Management


The department management provides function of maintenance department information,
convenient for the NM operator to manage, including the function of creating a new
department, querying information of all departments, querying information of a
department, modifying department property, and deleting a department.

7.5.2 Login Management

Login management authenticates an identity of a login user, including login time of the
user, login IP, whether the user is locked, whether the user is disabled, and whether the
number of the current users reaches the maximum login threshold.

7.5.3 User Management

A super user is automatically generated while the system is being installed, and the super
user has the highest authority. The super user can create other users and assign
authorities to other users. Other users can also create users and assign authorities to
them, but the authorities of the created users cannot exceed the authorities of the
creators.

7.5.4 Setting Security Event

The security management module can generate some user-concerned security events,
for example, authentication failed, user locked, and user disabled. These events are
recorded to the log module for user query in log management.

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7.5.5 Role/Role Set Management

Role is a set of some operation authorities. One role can be assigned to multiple users,
and the system authenticates the user according to the user role. Roles can be locked. If
one role is locked, the users of this role lose the authorities of the role.

Role set is a collection of a group of roles. To assign a role set to a user is to assign
multiple roles of this role set to the user. Role set can also be locked. If a role set is
locked, the users with this role set lose the authorities corresponding to the role set.

7.5.6 User Account Management

U31(CN) system sets rules of user account through the function, including password
policy, password length, and account length.

Password policy

Support weak password check, such as minimum length, must include at least
three kinds of characters, etc.

Account lock rule: include never lock, lock permanently, lock temporary, lock after
wrong password entering for N times, etc.

Account check: Cannot be same with nearly N days deleted accounts, Notify account
expiry before N days.

7.6 Log management


Managing login users: view login user information, including the user login IP, login time,
and connection type.

Forcefully Disconnecting Users: the super administrator can forcefully disconnect


department users when finding these users are attempting illegal operations.

Log Management

Log management records logs and manages logs. In terms of log contents, there are
three log types as follows.

Operation log

Records users operation information, including the user names, operation levels,
operation names, command functions, operation objects, NE groups, NE addresses, start
time, results, failure causes, host address and access modes.

Security log

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Records information of user login and logout, include the user names, host address, log
names, operation time, access modes and detailed information.

System log

Record the completion status of the severs timed tasks, including sources, levels, log
names, detailed information, host address, start time, end time and associated logs.
Using the log management function, the operator can query logs, view detailed
information, as well as set and query log-filtering conditions.

The log management of U31(CN) system includes the following functions:

7.6.1 Log query

U31(CN) system records detailed log information, including operation log, system log,
and security log.

The operator can query all kinds of logs, and specify log query conditions, including user
name, time range, operation permission, etc.

The operator can sort the displayed log records in an ascending or descending order
according to a field.

7.6.2 Setting Log Filtering Conditions

The user can set the filtering conditions (such as a filtering level), and the logs lower than
the level are filtered.

7.6.3 Log Export and Print

U31(CN) system supports exporting and printing queried results or log data of the current
page to the specified path. After data exporting, the system still keeps the log records.

U31(CN) supports kinds of file formats, such as TXT, HTML, PDF, excel, etc.

7.6.4 Log Policy

U31(CN) system provides log backup policy, and the policy of log recovering and being
saved in the database. Through the log backup scheme, the log can be exported to a file
format in a fixed time or periodically. Through the scheme of log recovering and being
saved in the database, the log which failed in being written in the database can be
recorded in the database again.

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7.7 Task Management

7.7.1 Task Management


Through task management, provide data backup, file size monitoring, and resource
management. Supports customized task management.

7.7.1.1 Common Task

History Data Archival

It provides backup and deleting of log, performance, and alarm history data. It modifies
task-executing conditions and views the execution log.

Configuration Data Backup

It provides OMM database backup, makes backup of all basic data, it only backs up the
data record, not including table structure and history alarms, notifications, log, primary
performance data etc, the alarm data has independent backup functions.

Version and Database Backup

It provides backup for both database and file system, the database backup is for all
database structure(including all database objects structure ) for OMM , and basic data
records, not including history alarms, notifications, log, primary performance data etc,
these history data has independent backup functions. The required file types in file
system include: version file, configuration, and operation period files.

File Cleanup

It monitors performance, alarms, log, database files etc directories, which stores data, to
prevent the size from being to large, and provides regular cleanup function for directories.

MML Timing Task

It customizes MML task according to specific requirements, to meet individualized


requirements.

7.8 System Management

7.8.1 Server Monitoring

It provides monitoring functions for OMM server, system administrator queries server
performance in daily maintenance work, and monitors application servers CPU usage

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

rate, memory usage rate, hard disc usage rate etc KPI. Users set corresponding
monitoring threshold according to actual configuration of application server, system
automatically initiates monitoring on corresponding indices and sends related alarm
information.

7.8.2 Database Monitoring

For OMM database server, system administrator monitors database resource in daily
maintenance work, such as query table space, data table information etc; execute data
table import & export, data table cleanup. maintenance, etc. Users set corresponding
monitoring threshold according to actual configuration of application server, system
automatically initiates monitoring on corresponding indices and sends related alarm
information.

7.8.3 Operating System Watchdog

The U31(CN) server uses CGSL as the operating system, the system provides the
watchdog function, the watchdog function can automatically restart the CGSL operating
system in case the operating system crashes.

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7.9 Software Management

7.9.1 Installation and Upgrade

U31(CN) provides a completely integrated setup package with GUI interface for the user
to install U31(CN) database, U31(CN) client, and U31(CN) server. User can upgrade the
U31(CN) client, server, or database from a certain old version to a new version by
executing the scripts that exist under a certain directory of the setup package. U31(CN)
also supports centralized update. U31(CN) sends the NE software for updating to NE
side. NE received the update order, it will update automatically with the update software
getting from U31(CN).

7.9.2 NE Software Version Management

System can provide a unified, centralized, batch, remote, automatic update function for
variant network elements. The NE Version Management supports the following functions:
Customized upgrade for both back end (BE) software and front end (FE) service version;
Batch and remote upgrade according to the NE type; Batch and remote upgrade
according to the area type; Supports rollback when upgrade fail; Supports scheduled
version upgrade; Supports upgrade detailed log.

7.10 Inventory Management

7.10.1 Inventory Management

It maintains and manages software and hardware inventory information in NE layer, and
provides this information to subordinate OMM by Itf-N, as per operator requirements on
unified management of telecom inventory. Now the management covers rack, frame,
board, host etc main inventory, as well as router, switch, network concentrator, electricity,
alarm box, printer, firewall, DNS, NTP, CGSL server etc affiliated equipment. Users view
related inventory resources, and provides inventory export function in file format.

7.10.2 Inventory Statistics

It provides separate presence of inventory according to NEs, and views asset type and
quantity. It also provides asset exporting function, the exported files support xml, txt, xls,
csv, etc.

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7.11 Trace Management


U31(CN) system provides the function of user information and signaling information
tracing. The tracing system can trace the information such as user location, service and
location update according to the user number identification. Required by the project
maintenance, the tracing functions can also trace various signaling message of NE
device, such as MAP message, BICC message, and M3UA signaling message. The
tracing function is applied during project maintenance and fault location, which is a very
practical local maintenance tool.

7.11.1 Signaling Tracing Flow

Signaling tracing is from client in the way of task. This task is then transferred to the
signaling tracing front-end module through server. In the task, some tracing conditions
such as signaling type are defined. When the service process generates a signaling, the
signaling will first be checked if it is satisfied with the pre-defined condition set by
signaling tracing front-end module. If satisfied, the signaling will be sent to the signaling
tracing front-end module, processed in server, stored in database, and finally transferred
to client.

7.11.2 Signaling Tracing Setting

The general information of the signaling is displayed in client in form of list. If user needs
to check the detailed information of one signaling, it can be displayed in form of tree
through decoding program.

The tracing condition of signaling tracing task includes: subscriber tracing select (for all or
partial subscriptions), network element module number select, signaling type select,
tracing duration, signaling tracing number (after tracing one certain number of signaling,
the tracing will pause), self-defined tracing beginning/ending time.

7.11.3 Signaling View and Maintenance

There are three ways to view signaling data on client:

Signaling list: overview of the general signaling; the order of signals, signals missing
or not, used to identify if the service flow is right.

Signaling detail information: check if the content of each field of each signaling is
right; check if process and service state is right.

Signaling codec information: check the original hex information of the signaling;
compare the detailed information of the codec and signaling; limit the scope of error
signaling; check if codec is right.

There are three ways to maintain signaling data on client:

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Signaling specific format: save signaling list and signaling detail information as the
particular file format, this can only be opened by signaling program.

Excel format: save signaling details into Excel.

Text format: save decoded signaling detail information into TXT file. Use can view
the content with other particular tools.

7.11.4 Clock Management

U31(CN) supports NTP clock synchronization mode.

Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol for computer time synchronization, it helps the
computer synchronize the time resource or server, to keep time synchronization for the
system and an accurate time resource, and prevent malicious protocol attack by
encryption. It is usually used for hosts in LAN to synchronize the clock with other NTP
hosts via Internet, and then continues to provide time synchronization to other clients in
LAN.

EMS system is based on standard SNTP protocol; it realizes time synchronization among
different hosts in the same LAN. EMS OMM, as NTP server, provides NTP clock
resource, it pushes other OMMs in the LAN work as NTP client and performs time
synchronization; EMS OMM works as NTP client, and synchronize the third-party clock
server.

U31(CN) system provides clock function to query and set the clock and timer of the NE
devices. The clock consistency function can keep the clock of the internal MSC NEs, NE
and U31(CN) consistent. The clock modification function can modify the time employed
by NE or U31(CN).

7.12 Core Network Maintenance

7.12.1 Rack Chart Management


The rack chart management can show clearly the configurations of the NE, the operation
status of board, LED status and alarm rendering. Through the rack chart management,
user can perform the operations of diagnosis test, board command and resource query,
etc.

7.12.2 User Data Management

U31(CN) provides the centralized user data management function for NE user data, such
as MSC Server, MSCe, SGSN, GGSN, PDSN, HSS, MME, PGW, SGW.

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7.12.3 Centralized Configure Data Management

Configure data of all NEs can be managed in a centralized way on U31(CN). Four sub
functions are included, and they are configure data backup, configure data restore,
configure data export, configure data view.

7.13 MML Terminal


U31(CN) can execute various operations of NE client in the way of character terminal
function, and simplify the repeated operations by executing batch processing script
command. The character terminal will check and pre-process the grammar of the
command/script. The execution result will be displayed after the execution is finished.

7.14 Report Management


U31(CN) report management module provides simple report management functions,
which can manage various reports, generated by U31(CN) system, such as performance
report, alarm report, configuration management report. U31(CN) system provides the
report server function. Set a server as the report server, and the reports are sent to the
report server. The client visits the report server to view the reports. The report
management module provides report designer, report template management. The users
can customize the report format and report template by the two functions. The report
management module also provides the function of report task management, report file
management, report output/print, etc.

7.15 IPV6 supported


U31(CN) can communicate third party system with IPV4 or IPV6 protocol, such as VCS,
NetBackup.U31(CN) can connect database server with IPV4 or IPV6 protocol.

For northbound interface, U31(CN) can connect NMS with IPV4 or IPV6 protocol For
southbound interface, U31(CN) can access network elements with IPV4 or IPV6 protocol.

7.16 Web performance Report and Monitor system


For web performance report and monitor system, a dedicated hardware platform which is
independent to U31(CN) hardware are needed, it is also blade server based on ATCA
architecture.

In the web performance report system, some predefined report templates are provided
for traffic model analysis of network element of 3G or 4G (PS&EPC). Via Web GUI the
query of these traffic model reports, current network traffic state and changing tendency
can be checked. Furthermore, the specific report requirement of operator can be
customized developing.

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In the web performance monitor system, the monitored KPI can be defined based on
common counter of monitor model. For KPIs computational formula definition, arithmetic
operation of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be adopted. Both
pre-defined KPI and user-defined KPI are supported in performance monitor subsystem.
User can add, delete, scan, or modify KPI for user-defined ones. But for pre-defined KPI,
only query and scan operation is permitted.

7.17 POOL management


U31(CN) system provides pool management for MSCe POOL, MSCs POOL, SGSN
POOL, MME POOL, GGSN POOL, SGW POOL and PGW POOL.

The following functions are provided for POOL management

Networking management: it creates, modifies and deletes Pool, and it can configure their
associated parameters. It also supports query alarm and notification of Pool.

Task Manager: it provides the timing data verification after setting Pool-related
configuration.

Manual data verification: it provides manual data verification after setting Pool-related
configuration.

Data synchronization: it provides manual data synchronization after synchronizing the


data in the results of verification.

Dynamic management: in the GUI interface and the command terminal, it provides the
capability of executing multiple management commands on network elements in the Pool.
It also supports Transferring Pool User and Load Balance configuration.

7.18 Online Help


U31(CN) system provides online help function. The operator can learn the operation of
the related module by searching the help content of each module, and solve some
common problems through the help system. By F1 hot key invoking or menu invoking,
the help system provides two help searching ways, i.e., by functional tree diagram and by
key word.

8 System Interface
U31(CN) system provides kinds of NM interfaces to the upper level NMS, CORBA, SNMP,
and MML interface. The NMS can realize the operations such as configuration
management, fault management, performance statistics, security management etc.
through the NM interface.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

8.1 CORBA Interface


The CORBA interface of U31(CN) is built on the commercial CORBA platform, with the
bottom communication protocol as TCP/IP. Through the CORBA interface, NMC can use
the management function of different management function domains, such as
configuration management, performance management, and fault management,
dynamically obtaining the information of network configuration, performance and fault, to
realize the management function of network layer.

The application process of the NMC and U31(CN) are running on ORB. The
communication between ORBs employs the IIOP protocol running on TCP/IP. Any
protocol of data link layer and physical layer is applicable only if TCP/IP is supported. The
CORBA interface of U31(CN) is as shown in the following figure.

Figure 8-1 CORBA Interface of U31(CN)

NMS
M essage of
C O R B A interface

C onfiguration Fault interface Perform ance M an-m achine


interface interface com m and
C O R B A interface
process

ZX W N O M C server
Server application process

NE

The CORBA interface complies with 3GPP32, and has done IOT with some operators; it
has been used in the network for Chine Mobile, China Telecom, etc.

8.2 SNMP Interface


Core network management system can both provide SNMP manager function and SNMP
Agent function, shown in the following figure.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 8-2 SNMP interface

NMS
(SNMP Manager)

SNMP Itf-N

OMC
SNMP Agent

Inner invoke

FM PM MIB

Inner invoke SNMP Manager

SNMP South-Bound Interface

NE
SNMP Agent

SNMP manager function is used when network element system can be managed by
SNMP. At this time, network elements act as SNMP Agent to manage by NMS.

SNMP agent function is used when upper network management requires managing core
network management in SNMP (for example, the upper network management system is
HP NNM). At this time, the upper network management system acts as SNMP Manager.

Core network management system only implements fault management via SNMP north
bound interface.

8.3 MML Interface


The MML interface of U31(CN) is based on the TCP/IP protocol, with interface command
employing MML format, used for accessing upper level NM command to NE or U31(CN)
server. The supported TCP networking ways include DDN/E1, ISDN, X.25, PSTN etc.
Through MML interface, the NMS can dynamically obtain the message of the network
configuration, performance and fault. The user may send man-machine command to
configure NE, create measurement tasks and set alarm related parameters, to realize the
management function on the network layer. The MML interface of U31(CN) can set
different message ports for different NM functions. Users can self-define the configuration
according to their own needs. The ports of each function domain can be combined freely,
for instance, the alarm port and the port of performance data report can be combined into
one. While the system is running normally, U31(CN) server keeps monitoring these ports
all through. If any NMS sends a connection request, a TCP channel will be created,
implementing the communication interaction between U31(CN) server and NMS. To each

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

port, multiple NMS terminals can be connected, and the mutual non-relativity of multiple
NMS connection can be ensured.

The MML interface of U31(CN) is as shown in the following figure.

Figure 8-3 MML Interface Command of U31(CN)

NMS
MML
command

Status Alarm report Port of performance Man-machine


monitoring port port data report command port
MML interface
command

OMC
Server
Server application process

NE

8.4 File Interface


According to database view, the booked data is transformed to the defined file and report
to NMS periodically through FTP. It is also possible to save in the specified path NMS
can pick the information periodically.

Convention between Itf-N and NMS:

Data file format

Data file organization method

Data file name rule

Time data picking time

Data file complimentarily getting rule

Local save time of T file

Data file get method

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Data file compress method

User can define the period of data file saving. The default value is 3 days. Data file from
U31(CN) to NMC, at most 20 minutes is needed. U31(CN) inventory information stored
includes as a minimum physical location (building, floor, suite, rack, shelf, slot, port),
equipment electronic serial numbers, firmware level, and software level information.
U31(CN) provides inventory information to NMS fined interface via north interface in a
standard file formats such as XML/CSV format. File interface also can be used for
inventory information transmission.

8.5 DB Interface
U31(CN) DB interface is the interface of middle database, which acts as the medium to
establish the data connection channel between U31(CN) system and NMS.

Middle DB has two parts: DB management function and DB. DB management function is
in charge of:

Read the data (performance data, configuration data) in OMM system in fixed time,
and save to local database according to some filtering rule.

Manage the local DB.

DB is used to save the filtered data. The interface of DB is provided for upper NMS
system for DB access.

Figure 8-4 Medium DB interface Function

NMS

DB Interface

OMC
Medium DB System
System

Network Element System (CS/PS/HLR)

Interior Inter-system
Interface interface

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9 Reliability

9.1 System Reliability


Considering the disaster recovery function of the system, to prevent the data from being
lost due to accident, U31(CN) can back up and recover all the performance data, alarm
data, configuration data, user self-defined data according to the definition of users,
ensuring the highest security of the system data.

9.1.1 Data Security

9.1.1.1 Backup Mechanism

U31(CN) supports the following backup operations:

For U31(CN) software, it can be completely backed up, or just backup some pivotal
configuration files, such as INI file.

For the configuration network resource data, the backup is done to different modules,
such as configuration management data, alarm management data, performance statistic
data.

For all the data, such as statistic data, alarm data, log, etc, they can be exported or
imported.

For the log files, they can be deleted automatically and periodically after backup, in order
to release the system space.

All the above backup operation, the system supports the following methods:

Manually or automatically, for the latter method, the backup period, content can be
configured.

Complete backup and incremental backup are supported.

When export or backup the data, the system will prompt the operator if need to delete the
original data.

9.1.1.2 Recovery Mechanism

Corresponding to the backup mechanism, U31(CN) can recover the data backed up to
the NM system. The recovering process can recover all the backup data, or recover part

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

of the data of the switching office. The recovery mechanism can be combined with the
backup mechanism to completely copy the data of some offices into a new switching
office. This function is also used in the deployment and maintenance of the switching
office.

9.1.2 System Security

NetNumen system takes much consideration on the security, provides a full-scale


solution to protect the system against attacking and unlawful accessing.

9.1.2.1 System Authentication & Authorization

Access authentication for U31(CN) client access: password, numeric certificate,


radius, etc.

For password authentication, the storage and transmission of the password is


encrypted, and it is displayed by cryptograph.

Support the access restriction for the IP address of U31(CN) client, thus to prevent
the accessing by unlawful client.

Provide encryption and authentication for the interface between NMS and U31(CN),
to prevent the accessing of unlawful NMS.

Provide perfect management mechanism and support the dividable permission and
dividable domain management function. All the permission is divided into multi
levels, the operator can only do the operation under his permission, thus to prevent
operating mistakes.

9.1.2.2 Accounts Management

NetNumen U31(CN) supports the management of user valid period; the following
parameters can be configured: the login time duration, useful-life of accounts and
password, the prompt in advance is also supported.

NetNumen U31(CN) supports simple password detection, such as: empty, all digits,
all letters; accounts name cannot be the same as the telephone number, cannot be
the repetition of accounts name and telephone, cannot be the backformation of
accounts name and telephone number; the max repeated time of one character can
be configured (2-10); when the password is expired, it must be modified forcibly, and
cannot be the same as the latest one or some.

If the user fails to log in, the failed times is limited, and if the max times is up to, the
user will be locked by the system, and this event will be reported to U31(CN) as an

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

alarm. The user just can be unlocked by the administrator or the limited time duration
is expired.

Support account storage of Radius format, management permission through


Radius/LDAP, and can support authentication through Radius/LDAP API.

9.1.2.3 System Audit

NetNumen U31(CN) provides perfect log management and audit functions. The user
operation, login and authentication, interface accessing, system running status and
others are written into log files, and the content includes: user ID, login time, logout time,
date and time of important operation, operation content and result; friendly audit interface
is offered and query can be done under different conditions.

9.1.2.4 Network Transmission

Separate Multi-IP network segment are designed, the IP segment within the
equipment is individual, it is divided with U31(CN) and this can guarantee the safety
of NE.

NetNumen U31(CN) supports SSH, SFTP and other third party software, Telnet/FTP
is seldom used; SSL VPN, IPSec VPN are also supported, all of these can
guarantee the safety of transmission.

When NetNumen U31(CN) is connected with external network, firewall will be


installed, in order to prevent the virus and Junk mails.

9.1.2.5 System Safety

Screen lock function is supported to prevent the operating of unlawful users.

NetNumen U31(CN) adopts high-performance server and OS, such as SUN Solaris.

If users login and do some operation, it will be reported to U31(CN), so the operation
status can be known.

Monitor operations of all users, and generates maintenance reports. The user
admin has the right to kick out any user.

NetNumen U31(CN) provides perfect log management and audit function. The user
operation, login and authentication, interface accessing, system running status and
others are written into log files, and the content includes: user ID, login time, logout
time, date and time of important operation, operation content and result; friendly
audit interface is offered and query can be done under different conditions.

If the OS is windows, the following protections are provided:

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Install anti-virus software on U31(CN) server, such as NORTON Antivirus


Corporation Edition and McAfee Antivirus.

Close some unsafe communication ports of U31(CN) server.

In Windows 2000 system, TCP/IP is normally used. By default, there isnt any restriction
for the communication ports, some of which is special for certain services, such as port
25 is used for SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) , because these ports are known as
the special ports, which can be easily attacked. Therefore, if these services are not
needed, the corresponding ports should be closed.

Close irrespective sharing directory

In Windows system, there are some default sharing directory and files, there is not any
safeguard for them and they may be attacked. Therefore, the sharing directory of
U31(CN) should be closed.

Configure the system service

Many services are default startup items in Windows 2000 system, but some of there
services are not very safe, such as Telnet. Therefore, these services should be forbidden,
and for others, which are not so unsafe, the startup type should be configured.

Close IIS service

IIS (Internet Information Server) service has the default configuration; there are some
safety leaks, so it should be closed.

System accounts configuration

This can prevent the operation by the attacker if the accounts or the password is
interpreted by the attacker.

Security configuration of database

For the database management software, there are some default parameters or
configurations that may be attacked, this will damage the database, causing the
important data to be lost or be decrypted and the database may even be broken forever.
Through the configuration of the management parameters, the system will be safer.

9.2 Hardware Reliability


Di-hosts redundancy design with local and remote modes

U31(CN) system server can employ the physical configuration of dual server + shared
disk array, as in the following figure. One server works as active server, the other works
as backup server. In normal running, the system is running in the server, and the backup

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

server does not bear any system load. While the active server fails, it is automatically
switched to the backup server.

Figure 9-1 System Redundancy based on Disk Array of Local Mode

RAID hard disks for standby including OS backup and U31(CN) backup

Remote redundancy solution includes 1+1, 2+2 and others. The following figure
shows 2+2 solutions.

Node B has the same configuration with Node A. The data on disk array on the two
nodes keeps synchronization.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Figure 9-2 System Redundancy based on Disk Array of Remote Mode

Network disaster recovery backup

Dual Ethernet is used for links among the NEs and U31(CN) Server for mutual backup.
The system uses two 3-layer switches and has a metric with two sets of unequal routes.
Usually data flows go through the small link of the metric. When one link fails, data flows
go through the other link automatically. The OSPF is used as the routing protocol. It can
automatically calculate the metric. It takes network congestion as a metric. When one
route is congested, the other route is used.

9.3 Software Reliability


The various software security settings of U31(CN) system are:

Link detecting mechanism. There is heartbeat-detecting mechanism between the


client and server, between the server and NE, between the upper level NM interface
and upper level NM, detecting the communication of each link in a fixed time. Alarm
information will occur if the NE and server link are blocked.

Connection server at the client. In the interaction between the server and the
foreground, there is version-detecting mechanism to check whether the software
versions of them are consistent. The software version which is not consistent will not
be normally connected.

While the service of the system gets abnormal, and the process of the server gets
abnormal, the system will record the failure information in the system log, resume the
service automatically or generate alarm information. To prevent data loss due to

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

unpredictable problems like system abnormality, network failure and natural disasters
and human accidents, the following backup solutions are required:

Remote data backup

If one database backup server is used in an area, the solution is to be determined by the
actual situation. If the network condition is favorable and fibers are used for
interconnection, then Managed Snapshot Services (MSS) can be used to provide
snapshot for database running in real time. If the network condition is below the standard,
daily FTP mode can be used to download database backup files.

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9.4 Principle for Network Bandwidth


The bandwidth requirement in U31(CN) system is include the following parts:

1. Bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and NE

2. Bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and Client

3. Bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and NMS

Normally Client and U31(CN) Server are located in the same site, so they are in the same
LAN and bandwidth between them can be ignored. However, when the LMT is put in the
remote site, the bandwidth should be considered.

U31(CN) will realize the NE integrated management function, so it is based on different


LANs between U31(CN) Server and NEs. The bandwidth between them should be
considered.

Normally, it is based on different LANs between U31(CN) Server and NMS, so the
bandwidth between them should be considered.

9.4.1 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and NMS

The message between U31(CN) Serve and NMS is mainly include alarm data,
performance data and configuration operation (query, modify, delete and data report).

Normally the size of an alarm is 2K bytes. U31(CN) Serve will not report notification to
NMS, only report alarm, and almost 0.05 pieces alarm per second for one NE, so the
bandwidth requirement of alarm from U31(CN) Serve to NMS is 0.05*2048*8/1024=0.8
kpbs.

Normally the configuration operation of NMS is seldom. The operation includes


configuration query or data synchronization. Supposing the uplink data is 2K for every
operation from NMS to NE and 3 times per minute for the operation, the bandwidth
required is 2*3*8/60=0.8 kbps.

The statistic granularity of the performance job setting by the NMS is normally less 15
minutes, so U31(CN) Serve will report statistic data to NMS every 15 minutes at most.
The data will be transferred to NMS by FTP file. Supposing every time the file is 60K
bytes, the bandwidth required is 60*8/60=8 kbps.

Therefore, the bandwidth required between U31(CN) and NMS is (when all the NE is in
the normal state.)

2*(0.8*Nn+0.8*Nn+8*Nn)=19.2*Nn Kbps.

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

Here, Nn is the number of the equivalent NE that is managed by U31(CN).

9.4.2 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and Client

The bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and Client is

=2*(2*1024*0.05*Nn+1*1024*0.5*Nn+2*1024*3/60+1024*20*50*1/100+10*1024/8+5*10
24/8) Byte/s

= 2*(0.6*Nn+12)*8 Kbps= 9.6*Nn+192 Kbps

Here, Nn is the number of NE that managed by U31(CN).

9.4.3 Bandwidth Calculation between U31(CN) Server and NE

The message between U31(CN) and NE is mainly including system communication data,
alarm data report, performance data report and configuration operation (query, modify,
delete and synchronization), the bandwidth between U31(CN) and NE is different from
different NE type. Detailed information is listed as following table:

Table 9-1 Required Bandwidth between U31(CN) Server and NE

NE type bandwidth
MSC Server/MSCe 256K
MGW 128K
SGSN 76K
GGSN 128K
CG 16K
HLR(FE) 128K
HLR(BE) 64K
MME(uMac) 16K
SGW(xGW) 40K
PGW(xGW) 96K
EPC HSS 64K

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

10 Technical Indices
This chapter provides the technical indices of U31(CN) system, which can be used as the
reference of the project.

10.1 System Performance Indices

Table 10-1 System Performance Indices

Maximum managed NEs 300 standard NEs


Alarm Processing Normal:30/s;
Capability Peak: 150/s;
The alarm can keep,
without losing at least for
Capability Index 15 minutes
Maximum number of 100
simultaneous online client
Maximum number of 50
simultaneous operating
client
System software <30 minutes
installation time
System software upgrade <2.5 hours
System Index time
Rollback time when fail to <4 hours
upgrade
Patch upgrade time <30 minutes
Start up time of system <7s
client
User login delay <5s
Start up Time
Delay of open the client <3s
view
Server hot start up time <5 minutes
Current alarm query delay <2s
History alarm query delay <5s
Alarm report delay <2s
Alarm report delay through <10s
Operation Performance northbound interface
Performance data query <10s
delay
Data batch export delay <10s
The minimum granularity of 5 minutes
performance data

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

collection
Log query delay <2s
Maximum number of alarm 2million
History alarm storage time 3 month
Storage Capacity
(depend on the hard disk Original performance data 1 month (granularity: 15
capacity) storage time minutes); 3 months
(granularity: 1 hour)
Log storage time 3 months
MTBF(Mean Time Before 6563919 hours
Failure)
MTTR(Mean Time To 30 minutes
Repair)
MLDT(Mean Logistical 12 hours
System Availability Delay Time)
Availability 99.9998%
RTO (Recovery Time < 5 hours
Objective)
RPO (Recovery point < 24 hours
Objective)

10.2 System power consumption Indices

Table 10-2 System power consumption Indices

Power
Equipment Consumptio Remarks
n
ATCA blade front board
OPBB1(SBC41) 145W
165W =>power consumption >= 120W
OPI1(RSB11) 15W ATCA blade back board
RSB/D(RSB13) 15W ATCA blade back board(Fiber), for TSM
SWBB2(USCC_ Switch front board
55W
3) 55W =>power consumption >= 45W
SWI3(RGE2) 10W Switch back board
ATCA rack
E4140 280W
280W =>power consumption >= 150W
ETCA rack
E8280 320W
320W =>power consumption >= 200W

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

11 Appendixes

11.1 ZTE-Joined Standard Organizations


ZTE joins the making of WCDMA standards inside China and all over the world. The
major standard organizations are as follows:

Table 11-1 ZTE-Joined Standard Organizations

Standardization Organization Remarks


Chinese Communication Standards Association Full Member
Open Base Station Architecture Initiative One of 5 organizers
rd
3 Generation Partnership Project Independent Member
rd
3 Generation Partnership Project 2 Independent Member
Asia Info-communication Council Full Member
CDMA Development Group Vander Member
Communication Power Supply Standard Research Team Full Member
DSL Forum Auditing Member
IPV6 Forum Member
IP and Multimedia Technology Research Team Full Member
International Telecommunication Union Sector Member
Internet Society of China Vice Director of Council
Metro Ethernet Forum Principle Member
Mobile Wireless Internet Forum Auditing Member
MPEG4 Industry Forum Full Member
Large Company Principle
Multi Protocol Label Switching Forum
Member
Multi-service Switch Forum Principle Member
Network and Switch Standard Research Team Full Member
Network Management Standard Research Team Full Member
Network Processing Forum Member
Resilient Packet Ring Alliance Participate Member
TD-SCDMA Technology Forum Council Member
Tele Management Forum Affiliate Member
The Optical Internetworking Form Auditing Member
Transmission Network and Access Network Standard
Full Member
Research Team
Wireless Communication Standard Research Team Full Member

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NetNumen U31(CN) Product Description

11.2 Acronyms and Abbreviations


The acronyms and abbreviations used in this document are shown in the following table:

Table 11-1 Acronyms and Abbreviations

Abbreviations Full Name


ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
CG Charge Gateway
CN Core Network
CS Circuit Service
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
GSM Global System for Mobile communications
HLR Home Location Register
MGW Media Gate Way
MSC Mobile Switching Center
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
NM Network Management
U31(CN) Operation and Maintenance Center
PHS Personal Handyphone System
PLMN Public Land Mobile Network
PS Packet Service
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
QoS Quality of Service
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
SMS Short Message Service
SMSC Short Message Service Center
SS7 Signaling System Number 7
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WCN WCDMA Core Network
uMAC Universal Mobility Access Controller
xGW Extended Gateway

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