5th Great Asian Streets Symposium

:
A Public Forum of Asian Urban Design

FUTURE | ASIAN | SPACE
PROCEEDINGS DECEMBER 05-07 2008 NATIONALUNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE

Organised & Published by: Department of Architecture School of Design and Environment National University of Singapore

Editors: Davisi Boontharm Erwin Viray Limin Hee Zdravko Trivic, assistant GASS 2008 Designer: Tan Chun Liang Organised & Published by: Centre for Advanced Studies in Architecture (CASA) Department of Architecture School of Design and Environment National University of Singapore Held at: Department of Architecture National University of Singapore Date: December 2008 ISBN: 978-981-08-2012-1 Proceedings CD ISBN: 978-981-08-2013-8

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher, Centre for Advanced Studies in Architecture (CASA), National University of Singapore. No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. Printed in Singapore

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Living Skins for Metropolises: A Comparison of Environmental Benefits by Green Roofs, Green Streets and Green Façades between Vancouver, B.C. and Shanghai, P.R. China
DANIEL ROEHR ¹, KEVIN YUEWEI KONG ²
greenskins_lab, Design Centre for Sustainability, School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of British Columbia #385-2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada. V6T 1Z4 ¹ roehrd@interchange.ubc.ca ² kevin.kong@shaw.ca

for reducing stormwater runoff, consumption, and energy demand.

residential

water

Research results demonstrate that in downtown Vancouver extensive green roofs could reduce runoff from roofs by 29%; intensive green roofs, however, require irrigation in summer and are therefore not appropriate as a stormwater management method or tool. Greening 25% of the city areas with green streets could reduce 51% of the total site runoff, and recycling rainwater from roofs would be sufficient to supply all the household water use by residents. Due to the climatic condition in Shanghai, both extensive and intensive green roofs would be appropriate as stormwater management strategies. Extensive green roofs could reduce runoff from roofs by 28%, and intensive green roofs by 55%. Greening 25% of the city areas with green streets could reduce 35% of the total site runoff, and recycling rainwater from roofs could reduce residential water consumption by 71%.

Abstract. This research focuses on the environmental benefits derived from an overall “living skins” intervention [green roofs, green streets, and green façades] in cities. Through the analysis of a case study area in Vancouver, it initiates a methodology to quantify the contributions of such a green intervention to ameliorating the environmental impacts of cities. It then explores the methodology by applying it to a large, high-density city: Shanghai, P.R. China, which has distinct climatic conditions compared with Vancouver, B.C. By a comparison between downtown Shanghai, P.R. China and downtown Vancouver, BC, this research shows the potential of green roofs, green streets, and green façades

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