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# SKEMA JAWAPAN KERTAS KIMIA 3 (4541/3)

SPM TRIAL 2016

## Question Rubric Score

[Able to record all readings accurately to one decimal point with unit]
1(a) (i)

## Experiment Copper Bronze

I 1.3 cm 1.2 cm 3

II 1.3 cm 1.1 cm
III 1.5 cm 1.2 cm

## [Able to record all readings accurately with correct decimal point or

unit ]
readings to one decimal point without unit
Experiment Copper Bronze 2
I 1.3 1.2
II 1.3 1.1
III 1.5 1.2

1
[Able to record three to five readings correctly]
[No response given or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

[Able to construct a table to record the diameters of the dents and
1(a) (ii) average diameters for copper and bronze with the following aspects]
1. Correct titles

## Material Diameter of dents (cm) Average

3
1 2 3 Diameter
(cm)
Copper 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4
Bronze 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2
[Able to construct a less accurate table to record the diameters of the
dents and average diameters for copper and bronze with the following

1
aspects]
1. Title
Diameter of dents Average
1 2 3 Diameter
Copper 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4
Bronze 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2
[Able to construct a table with at least one title/ reading]
Diameter of dents
1 2 3
Copper 1

Bronze
[No response given or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

1( b)
[Able to state the observation correctly ]
The diameter of dents made on bronze/ copper is smaller/bigger than
copper/bronze.
[Able to state the observation less correctly]
The diameter of dents made o bronze/ copper is smaller/bigger.
[Able to state an idea of the observation]
1
The diameter of dent for bronze is small/ /The diameter of dent for
copper is big.
[ No response or wrong response]
0

## Question Rubric Score

1(c) [Able to state the inference correctly]
Bronze/ copper is harder/softer than copper/bronze.
[Able to state the inference less correctly]
Bronze/ copper is harder/softer.
[Able to state an idea of the inference]
1
Bronze/ copper is hard/soft.

## [No response or wrong response] 0

2
Question Rubric Score
1(d)
Manipulated variable: Method to manipulated
Different types of variable:
materials/block //copper and By using copper block and
bronze bronze block // by replacing
copper block with bronze block
Responding variable: What to observe in the
Size / diameter of dent responding variable:
// hardness of the block Measure the diameter of the
6
dents formed on the blocks
Constant variable: Method to maintain the fixed
Height from which weight is variable:
released //Mass of the Use the same height/50 cm//
weight // Size of steel ball Use weights of the same
bearing mass/1 kg// Use the same size
steel ball bearing

## Question Rubric Score

1(e)
[Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and
the responding variable with direction correctly]
Bronze is harder than copper // Copper is softer than bronze
//Bronze has smaller size / diameter of dent than copper// alloy is
harder than its pure metal
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and
responding variable
When the size / diameter of dent is smaller, the material is harder 2
[Able to state the idea of hypothesis]
Different materials have different diameter/size of the dent
[No response or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

1(f)
[Able to state the operational definition for hardness of material block
correctly ]
When weight is dropped on the surface of the block//when force is
applied, the material that has a smaller dent is the alloy
[Able to state the operational definition less accurately]
The material that has smaller size / diameter of dent is the alloy.
[Able to state an idea of the operational definition] 1

3
Bronze is alloy.
[ No response or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

1(g)
[Able to state the relationship accurately]
The smaller the diameter of the dent, the harder the material/block. //
The bigger the diameter of the dent, the softer the material/block.
[Able to state the relationship less accurately]
The smaller the diameter of the dent, the stronger the material/block.
[Able to state an idea of the relationship]
Different material/block produce different diameter of dent
[No response or wrong response]
0

## Question Rubric Score

1(h)
[Able to give all three explanations correctly]
1. Atoms in copper are in orderly arrangement.
3
2. Atoms in bronze are not in orderly arrangement // Arrangement of
atoms in bronze is disrupted.
3. Layers of atoms in bronze difficult to slide on each other when force
is applied
2
[Able to give any two explanations correctly]
1
[Able to give any one explanations correctly]
[No response or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

1(i)
[Able to classify all the six materials correctly]
Pure metal Alloy 3
Aluminium Brass
Tin Pewter
Iron Stainless steel
[Able to classify any four materials correctly] 2

4
[Able to classify any two materials correctly]
if reverse score 1
Pure metal Alloy 1
Brass Copper
Pewter Tin
Stainless steel Iron
[No response or wrong response] 0

## Question Rubric Score

3(a) Able to state the problem statement with named strong acid solution 3
and weak acid solution accurately.
Does the heat of neutralisation between hydrochloric acid and sodium
hydroxide solution is higher than the heat of neutralisation between
ethanoic acid and sodium hydroxide solution?

## Able to state the problem statement less accurately. 2

Does the heat of neutralisation between strong acid and weak acid with
strong alkali different?
//To study the heat of neutralisation between strong acid and weak acid
with strong alkali.
Able to state an idea about problem statement. 1
Heat of neutralisation is affected by the strength of acid.
No response or wrong response 0

## Question Rubric Score

3(b) Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the 3
responding variable and state the direction correctly.
The reaction between hydrochloric acid/strong acid and sodium
hydroxide will give the higher value of heat of neutralisation than the
reaction between ethanoic acid /weak acid with sodium hydroxide
Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the 2
responding variable without stating the direction/less accurately
Different strength of acid react with sodium hydroxide, different value of
heat of neutralisation
Able to give an idea of hypothesis 1
The strength of acid affect the heat of neutralisation
No response or wrong response 0

## Question Rubric Score

3(c) Able to state all the variables accurately 3
Manipulated variable : Hydrochloric acid and ethanoic acid
(any suitable named strong and
5
weak acid)// strong acid and weak
acid.
Responding variable : Heat of neutralisation
Fixed variable : Concentration and volume of NaOH
solution //NaOH solution//
polystyrene cup//concentration and volume of
acid solution.

## Able to give any two variables accurately 2

Able to give any one variable accurately 1
No response or wrong answer 0

## Question Rubric Score

3(d) Able to list down the materials and apparatus completely 3
Materials :[0.5-2.0 moldm-3] sodium hydroxide solution,
[0.5 2.0 moldm-3] hydrochloric acid, [0.5 -2.0 moldm-3]
ethanoic acid (any suitable strong and weak named acid)
Apparatus :Polystyrene/plastic cup, thermometer,[50- 100 cm3],
measuring cylinder
Able to list down the materials and apparatus correctly but not complete 2

sodium hydroxide solution, hydrochloric acid/ ethanoic acid(any
suitable strong and weak named acid)
Polystyrene/plastic cup, thermometer

## Able to give an idea on the list of apparatus and substances correctly 1

Any one materials and one apparatus with thermometer

## No response or wrong response 0

Reject : no thermometer

## Question Rubric Score

3(e) Able to state all the steps of the experiment accurately 3
Example
1. [25 100 cm] of sodium hydroxide is poured into a polystyrene
cup using a measuring cylinder.

polystyrene cup.

## 5. Hydrochloric acid is then poured quickly into a cup containing

sodium hydroxide solution.

## 6. The mixture is stirred using thermometer and the highest

temperature is recorded.

## 7. Repeat steps 1 to 6 using ethanoic acid instead of hydrochloric

acid.

6
Able to state 5 steps of the experiments 2
Steps 2,4,5,6,7
Able to state 2 minimum steps correctly 1
Steps 5,6
No response or wrong response 0

## Question Rubric Score

3(f) Able to construct the table that contains the following information
1.Columns and rows
3.With unit 2

## Pair of acid/alkali Initial temperature Highest

temperature
of the
mixture/oC
Acid Alkali Average
NaOH/HCl
NaOH/CH3COOH

## Able to construct the table that contains the following information 1

1.Columns and rows
3.Without unit

## Tabulation of data has the following elements:

1. Minimum 2 columns and 2 rows

Pair of Initial temperature Highest
acid/alkali temperature
of the
mixture
Acid Alkali