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Standard Description

This test method covers measurement of the rate of extrusion of molten resins through a
ASTM D1238 die of a specified length and diameter under prescribed conditions of temperature, load,
and piston position in the barrel as the timed measurement is being made.
These test methods describe the procedures for determining the physical properties of O-
ASTM D1414
rings and changes in these properties due to aging.
This test method covers determination of the elongation of soft vulcanized rubber
ASTM D1456
compounds under a specified stress.
This test method describes a procedure for determining the compressive properties of rigid
ASTM D1621
cellular materials, particularly expanded plastics.
This test method covers the determination of the comparative tensile strength and
elongation properties of plastics in the form of standard microtensile test specimens when
ASTM D1708 tested under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and testing
machine speed. It can be used for specimens of any thickness up to 3.2 mm (1/8 in.),
including thin films.
This test method covers determination of the coefficients of starting and sliding friction of
plastic film and sheeting when sliding over itself or other substances at specified test
ASTM D1894 conditions. The procedure permits the use of a stationary sled with a moving plane, or a
moving sled with a stationary plane. Both procedures yield the same coefficients of friction
values for a given sample.
This test method covers the determination of load-deflection characteristics of plastic pipe
ASTM D2412
under parallel-plate loading.
This test method covers the determination of the tensile properties of "as produced"
ASTM D2653 elastomeric yarns made from natural rubber, spandex or other elastomers, using a
constant-rate-of-extension (CRE) type tensile testing machine.
This test method covers the determination of elastic properties of "as produced"
elastomeric yarns made from rubber, spandex or other elastomers. Elastic properties
ASTM D2731
include force at specified elongations, permanent deformation and stress decay. Other
hysteresis related properties can be calculated.
These test methods cover the determination of tensile and compressive creep and creep-
ASTM D2990
rupture of plastics under specified environmental conditions
This practice determines the compatibility of plasticizers in poly(vinyl chloride) plastics by
ASTM D3291 rating the amount of plasticizer that spews due to compressional stress set up inside a 180
loop bend.
These test methods describe procedures for inspection and test of all types and
ASTM D380
constructions of rubber hose.
This practice covers the determination of a degradation-end point (a brittle point) for
ASTM D3826 degradable polyethylene/polypropylene films and sheeting less than 1.0 mm (0.04 in.)
thick.
This test method covers the determination of the in-plane shear strength of reinforced
ASTM D3846 thermosetting plastics in flat sheet form in thicknesses ranging from 2.54 to 6.60 mm
(0.100 to 0.260 in.)
This test method covers the determination of the in-plane shear strength of pultruded,
ASTM D3914 glass-fiber reinforced, thermosetting plastic rod of diameters ranging from 19 to 32 mm
( to 1 in.)
This test method describes a procedure for determining the tensile properties of pultruded,
ASTM D3916 glass-fiber-reinforced thermosetting plastic rod of diameters ranging from 3.2 mm (1/ 8
in.) to 25.4 mm (1 in.)
These test methods cover the testing of rubber intended for use in applications in which
the rubber will be subjected to compressive stresses in air or liquid media. They are
ASTM D395
applicable particularly to the rubber used in machinery mountings, vibration dampers, and
seals.
These test methods cover procedures used to evaluate the tensile (tension) properties of
ASTM D412 vulcanized thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers. These methods are not
applicable to ebonite and similar hard, low elongation materials.
These test methods cover the determination of the adhesion strength between plies of
ASTM D413 fabric bonded with rubber or the adhesion of the rubber layer in articles made from rubber
attached to other material.
These test methods cover procedures for testing the static adhesional strength of rubber
ASTM D429
to rigid materials (in most cases metals).
ASTM D4321 This test method covers the determination of yield (area per unit mass) of plastic film.
This test method covers the determination of the apparent horizontal shear strength of
ASTM D4475
fiber reinforced plastic rods.
This test method covers the determination of the flexural properties of fiber-reinforced
ASTM D4476
pultruded plastic rods.
This test method covers the determination of fatigue life of rubber compounds undergoing
ASTM D4482
a tensile-strain cycle. During part of the cycle, the strain is relaxed to a zero value.
This test method covers the determination of the tensile properties of thermosetting
ASTM D5083 reinforced plastics using test specimens of uniform nominal width when tested under
defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and testing-machine speed.
This test method determines the resistance of a stretch wrap film to the penetration of a
ASTM D5748
probe at a standard low rate, a single test velocity.
These test methods describe two test procedures for determining the compression-
ASTM D575 deflection characteristics of rubber compounds other than those usually classified as hard
rubber and sponge rubber.
This test method describes a lap shear test for use in measuring the bonding
ASTM D5868 characteristics of adhesives for joining fiber reinforced plastics to themselves and to
metals. The method is applicable to random and fiber oriented FRP.
The viscosity and elasticity of unvulcanized rubbers and rubber compounds are determined
by subjecting cylindrical test pieces to a compression/recovery cycle. The dependency on
ASTM D6049
shear rate at constant shear stress is evaluated and the material fatigue behavior is
determined in repeat cycle testing.
This standard specifies two methods for determining the decrease in counterforce exerted
ASTM D6147 by a test specimen of vulcanized rubber or thermoplastic elastomer which has been
compressed at a constant deformation under specified conditions of time and temperature.
This test method describes procedures for measuring a property of conventional
ASTM D624
vulcanized thermoset rubber and thermoplastic elastomers called tear strength.
This test method covers the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and
reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials
ASTM D6272
in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded
shapes.
These test methods cover and shall be used to evaluate male condoms made of various
ASTM D6324
synthetic materials.
This test method covers the determination of the tensile properties of unreinforced and
reinforced plastics in the form of standard dumbbell-shaped test specimens when tested
ASTM D638
under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and testing machine
speed.
This test method covers a procedure to determine the recovery response of rubber after
particular bending deformation, subsequent to aging in selected media at a specified
ASTM D6515
temperature, and for a specified time period, thus providing a measure of the relative
performance potential of compounds used in the manufacture of shaft seals.
This practice provides instructions for modifying open-hole tension and compression test
ASTM D6742
methods to determine filled-hole tensile and compressive strengths.
This test method describes a method to evaluate a characteristic of raw rubber or
ASTM D6746
unvulcanized rubber compounds, or both, that is designated as tensile green strength.
This test method covers the determination of the mechanical properties of unreinforced
ASTM D695 and reinforced rigid plastics, including high-modulus composites, when loaded in
compression at relatively low uniform rates of straining or loading.
ASTM D732 This test method covers the punch-type of shear test and is intended for use in
determining the shear strength of test specimens of organic plastics in the form of sheets
and molded disks in thicknesses from 0.127 to 12.7 mm (0.050 to 0.500 in.)
These test methods cover the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and
reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials
ASTM D790
in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded
shapes.
These test methods describe tests to measure the properties of adhesives, commonly
called rubber cements, that may be applied in plastic or fluid form and that are
ASTM D882
manufactured from natural rubber, reclaimed rubber, synthetic elastomers, or
combinations of these materials.
This test method covers the determination of plasticity and recovery of unvulcanized
ASTM D926 rubber by means of the parallel plate plastometer. Uncompounded, compounded, and
reclaim rubber may be tested.
This test method covers the determination of the bearing strength of rigid plastics in either
ASTM D953
sheet or molded form.
This test method is used to determine the deflection of relatively rigid resilient floor tile
ASTM F1304
such as vinyl composition tile.
These test methods cover the determination of tensile strength of certain nonmetallic
ASTM F152
gasketing materials at room temperature.
This test method covers the determination of compressive strength characteristics (crush-
ASTM F1574
extrusion resistance) of gasket materials at elevated temperature.
This test method covers the requirements to determine the time-to-failure of
ASTM F2018 thermoplastic resins for piping applications by uniaxial loading of a grooved tensile test
specimen.
This test method covers determination of the short-time compressibility and recovery at
ASTM F36
room temperature of sheet-gasket materials.
This test method provides a means of determining the degree to which gasket materials
ASTM F607
under compressive load adhere to metal surfaces.
This test method covers determination of the short-time compressibility and recovery at
ASTM F806
room temperature of laminated composite gasket materials.

BS 2782-
10:Method
Methods of testing plastics. Glass reinforced plastics. Determination of tensile properties.
1003:1977, EN
61:1977
BS 2782-
10:Method Methods of testing plastics. Glass reinforced plastics. Determination of flexural properties.
1005:1977, EN Three point method.
63:1977
BS 2782-
Methods of testing plastics. Thermoplastics pipes, fittings and valves. Tensile properties of
11:Method
dumb-bell specimens from PVC gutter profiles of pipes for non-pressure applications.
1110:1989
BS 2782-
Methods of testing plastics. Mechanical properties. Determination of tensile strength and
3:Method
elongation at break of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) products.
327A:1993
BS 2782-
3:Method Methods of testing plastics. Mechanical properties. Determination of impact resistance by
352F:1996, ISO the free-falling dart method (instrumented puncture test).
7765-2:1994
BS 2782-
Methods of testing plastics. Mechanical properties. Tensile strength, elongation and elastic
3:Methods 320A
modulus.
to 320F:1976
BS 490- Conveyor and elevator belting. Testing for physical properties. Method for determination of
10.5:1984 tensile strength and elongation at break of rubber covers.
Specification for testing machines for rubbers and plastics. Constant rate of force
BS 5214-2:1978
application machines.
BS 5421-1:1976,
Methods of test for elastomeric threads. Rubber threads.
ISO 2321-1975
BS 5961:1980, Method for determination of coefficients of friction of plastic film and sheeting for use as
IEC 60648:1979 electrical insulation.
BS 903-
A15:1990, ISO Physical testing of rubber. Method for determination of creep in compression or shear.
8013:1988
BS 903-
A2:1995, ISO Physical testing of rubber. Method for determination of tensile stress-strain properties.
37:1994
BS 903-
Physical testing of rubber. Determination of rubber to metal bond strength. Adhesion to
A21.1:1997, ISO
rigid substrates. 90 peel method.
813:1997
BS 903-
Physical testing of rubber. Determination of rubber to fabric adhesion. Direct tension
A27:1986, ISO
method.
4637:1979
BS 903-
A3.2:1997, ISO Physical testing of rubber. Determination of tear strength. Small (Delft) test pieces.
34-2:1996
BS 903-
Methods of testing vulcanized rubber. Determination of static adhesion to textile cord (H-
A48:1984, ISO
pull test).
4647:1982
BS 903-
Physical testing of rubber. Determination of ageing characteristics by measurement of
A52:1986, ISO
stress at a given elongation.
6914:1985
BS 903-
A56:1989, ISO Physical testing of rubber. Determination of adhesion to wire cord.
5603:1986
BS 903-
Physical testing of rubber. Method for determination of compression set at ambient,
A6:1992, ISO
elevated or low temperatures.
815:1991
BS EN 12814-
Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Bend test.
1:2000
BS EN 12814-
Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Tensile test.
2:2000
BS EN 12814-
Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Tensile creep test.
3:2000
BS EN 12814-
Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Peel test.
4:2001
BS EN 12814- Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Low temperature tensile
6:2000 test.
BS EN 12814- Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products. Tensile test with waisted
7:2002 test specimens.
BS EN
1393:1997, BS
Plastics piping systems. Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes.
2782-
Determination of initial longitudinal tensile properties.
12:Methods
1210A to C
BS EN Plastics piping systems. Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) pipes.
1394:1997, BS Determination of the apparent initial circumferential tensile strength.
2782-
12:Methods
1211A, B, C1,
C2, D, E and
F:1997
BS EN
Light conveyor belts. Test method for the determination of the maximum tensile strength.
1722:1999
BS EN
1979:1999, BS Plastics piping and ducting systems. Thermoplastics spirally-formed structured-wall pipes.
2782-11:Method Determination of the tensile strength of a seam.
1110C:1999
BS EN
Silicone rubber (VMQ/PVMQ) with high tear strength. Hardness 50 IRHD.
2262:1995
BS EN Carbon fibre reinforced plastics. Unidirectional laminates. Flexural test parallel to the fibre
2562:1997 direction.
BS EN Carbon fibre reinforced plastics. Unidirectional laminates. Tensile test perpendicular to the
2597:1998 fibre direction.
BS EN Glass fibre reinforced plastics. Flexural test. Three point bend methodGlass fibre reinforced
2746:1998 plastics. Flexural test. Three point bend method.
BS EN
Glass fibre reinforced plastics. Tensile test.
2747:1998
BS EN
28033:1993, Rubber and plastics hose. Determination of adhesion between components.
ISO 8033:1991
BS EN ISO
Flexible cellular polymeric materials. Determination of creep in compression.
10066:1998
BS EN ISO Fibre-reinforced plastic composites. Determination of compressive properties in the in-
14126:1999 plane direction.
Fibre-reinforced plastic composites. Determination of the in-plane shear stress/shear
BS EN ISO
strain response, including the in-plane shear modulus and st rength by the 45 tension
14129:1998
test method.
BS EN ISO
Rubber or plastics hoses and tubing. Bending tests.
1746:2001
BS EN ISO
Plastics. Determination of flexural properties.
178:2003
BS EN ISO Flexible cellular polymeric materials. Determination of tensile strength and elongation at
1798:2000 break
BS EN ISO
Flexible cellular polymeric materials. Determination of compression set.
1856:2001
BS EN ISO 527-
1:1996, BS
2782-3:Method Plastics. Determination of tensile properties. General principles.
321:1994, ISO
527-1:1993
BS EN ISO 527-
3:1996, BS
Plastics. Determination of tensile properties. Test conditions for films and sheets.
2782-3:Method
326E:1995
BS EN ISO 527-
4:1997, BS Plastics. Determination of tensile properties. Test conditions for isotropic and orthotropic
2782-3:Method fibre-reinforced plastic composites.
326F:1997
BS EN ISO 527-
5:1997, BS Plastics. Determination of tensile properties. Test conditions for unidirectional fibre-
2782-3:Method reinforced plastic composites.
326G:1997
BS EN ISO
Plastics. Determination of compressive properties.
604:2003
BS EN ISO Plastics. Determination of environmental stress cracking (ESC). Constant-tensile-stress
6252:1998 method.
BS EN ISO 6259-
Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of tensile properties. General test method.
1:2001
BS EN ISO 6383-
Plastics. Film and sheeting. Determination of tear resistance. Trouser test method.
1:2004
BS EN ISO
Flexible cellular polymeric materials. Determination of tear strength.
8067:1995
BS EN ISO
Plastics. Film and sheeting. Determination of the coefficients of friction.
8295:2004
BS EN ISO 899-
Plastics. Determination of creep behaviour. Tensile creep
1:2003
BS EN ISO 899-
Plastics. Determination of creep behaviour. Flexural creep by three-point loading.
2:2003
BS ISO Flexible cellular polymeric materials. Moulded and extruded sponge or expanded cellular
11752:2000 rubber products. Compressibility test on finished parts.
BS ISO 21181 Light conveyor belts. Method of test for the determination of the relaxed elastic modulus.
BS ISO 21182 Light conveyor belts. Test methods for the determination of the coefficient of friction.
BS ISO Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of tension set under constant
2285:2001 elongation, and of tension set, elongation and creep under constant tensile load.
BS ISO
Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of stress relaxation in compression at
3384:1999, BS
ambient and at elevated temperatures.
903-A42:1999
BS ISO 34- Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of tear strength. Trouser, angle and
1:2004 crescent test pieces.
BS ISO 36:1999,
BS 903- Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of adhesion to textile fabric.
A12:1999
BS ISO 37 Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of tensile stress-strain properties.
BS ISO Rubber and plastics test equipment. Tensile, flexural and compression types (constant rate
5893:2002 of traverse). Specification.
BS ISO Rubber and plastics. Analysis of multi-peak traces obtained in determinations of tear
6133:1998 strength and adhesion strength.
BS ISO Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of compression stress-strain
7743:2004 properties.
BS ISO
Rigid cellular plastics. Determination of compression properties.
844:2004
Rubber or plastic coated fabrics. Determination of the static and dynamic coefficient of
EN 14882
friction.
Plastics piping systems. Multilayer M pipes. Test method for the adhesion of the different
ISO 17454
layers by using a pulling rig.
ISO 18872 Plastics. Determination of tensile properties at high strain rates.
Conveyor belts. Ply adhesion between constitutive elements. Requirements and test
ISO 252
methods
Conveyor belts. Full thickness tensile strength and elongation. Specifications and method
ISO 283
of test.
Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic. Determination of ageing characteristics by
ISO 6914
measurement of stress relaxation.
ISO 8033 Rubber and plastics hoses. Determination of adhesion between components.
Conveyor belts. Determination of elastic and permanent elongation and calculation of
ISO 9856
elastic modulus.