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MEASUREMENTS
Exercise No. 1

Objectives:
• To be acquainted with the SI, metric and English system of units
• To apply the different mathematical principles on the scientific measurements

A. Express the following using the basic prefixes that you have learned. For convenience, you
1. 2 / 1 000 000 g = ______________________

## 3. 8.7 / 1 000 000 L = ______________________

4. 55 /100 lb = ______________________

## 5. 6 240 000 000 000 000 000 s = ______________________

B. Round off the following numbers:
1. To the nearest tens 893 127.25 = ______________________
2. To the nearest hundredths 65.2452 = ______________________

## 3. To the nearest thousand 851 652.15 = ______________________

4. To the nearest million 6 781 254.35 = ______________________

## C. Write the number significant figures in each of the given data.

1. 0.00125 = ______________________
2. 0.3120 = ______________________
3. 100 420 = ______________________
4. 100 420.5 = ______________________
5. 62.4050 = ______________________

D. Convert the following measurements to the desired units and round off the answers to four
significant figures.

1. 18 L =______________________ gallons

2. 7 m3 =______________________ gallons

## 3. 112 lbs =______________________ g

4. 35 yards =______________________ cm

## 5. 1.5 x 1015µg =______________________ lbs

6. 7.5 cm2 =______________________ m2

## 7. 2.08 kg/ m3 =______________________ g/l

8. 580 cg =______________________ g

## 10. 4.58 km /min =______________________ cm/s

significant figures.
1. 37˚C = _______________ = _______________K

## 5. 257 K = _______________ = _______________ ˚F

F. Problem solving. Solve the following problems. Show your dimensional analysis setup and
express you final answers to four significant figures.
1. Convert 3598 grams to pounds.

## 6. If you are going 55 mph, what is your speed in nm per second?

7. If the density of an object is 2.87 x 10-4lbs. cubic inch, what is its density in g/mL?

8. A box measures 3.12 ft in length, 0.0455 yd in width, and 7.87 inches in height. What is its
volume in cubic centimeters?

9. A block of wood whose dimensions are 6.0 cm x 3.0 cm x 1.5 cm has a mass of 43.0 grams.
Calculate its
density and specific gravity (specific gravity= density of object/ density of water).
10. The initial volume of water is 12.0 mL using a graduated cylinder. After placing a pebble
the water rises to
112.8 mL. If the mass of the pebble is 3.5 grams, what are its density and specific gravity?