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MEASUREMENTS
Exercise No. 1

Objectives:
• To be acquainted with the SI, metric and English system of units
• To apply the different mathematical principles on the scientific measurements

A. Express the following using the basic prefixes that you have learned. For convenience, you
may express your answers in correct scientific notations.
1. 2 / 1 000 000 g = ______________________

2. 1 815 000 000 000 m = ______________________

3. 8.7 / 1 000 000 L = ______________________


4. 55 /100 lb = ______________________

5. 6 240 000 000 000 000 000 s = ______________________


B. Round off the following numbers:
1. To the nearest tens 893 127.25 = ______________________
2. To the nearest hundredths 65.2452 = ______________________

3. To the nearest thousand 851 652.15 = ______________________


4. To the nearest million 6 781 254.35 = ______________________

5. To the nearest tenths 867.3572 = ______________________

C. Write the number significant figures in each of the given data.

1. 0.00125 = ______________________
2. 0.3120 = ______________________
3. 100 420 = ______________________
4. 100 420.5 = ______________________
5. 62.4050 = ______________________

D. Convert the following measurements to the desired units and round off the answers to four
significant figures.

1. 18 L =______________________ gallons

2. 7 m3 =______________________ gallons

3. 112 lbs =______________________ g

4. 35 yards =______________________ cm

5. 1.5 x 1015µg =______________________ lbs


6. 7.5 cm2 =______________________ m2

7. 2.08 kg/ m3 =______________________ g/l

8. 580 cg =______________________ g

9. 2/55 x 106 ns =______________________s

10. 4.58 km /min =______________________ cm/s


E. Convert the following temperatures to the desired readings. Express your answers to three
significant figures.
1. 37˚C = _______________ = _______________K

2. 112 ˚ F = _______________ = _______________K

3. 120˚C = _______________ = _______________ ˚F

4. -50 ˚C = _______________ = _______________ ˚F

5. 257 K = _______________ = _______________ ˚F

F. Problem solving. Solve the following problems. Show your dimensional analysis setup and
express you final answers to four significant figures.
1. Convert 3598 grams to pounds.

2. A beaker contains 578 mL of water. What is the volume in quarts?

3. How many ng are there in 5.27x10-13 kg?

4. What is 0.0032 gallons in cL?

5. A block occupies 0.2587 ft3. What is its volume in mm3?

6. If you are going 55 mph, what is your speed in nm per second?

7. If the density of an object is 2.87 x 10-4lbs. cubic inch, what is its density in g/mL?

8. A box measures 3.12 ft in length, 0.0455 yd in width, and 7.87 inches in height. What is its
volume in cubic centimeters?

9. A block of wood whose dimensions are 6.0 cm x 3.0 cm x 1.5 cm has a mass of 43.0 grams.
Calculate its
density and specific gravity (specific gravity= density of object/ density of water).
10. The initial volume of water is 12.0 mL using a graduated cylinder. After placing a pebble
the water rises to
112.8 mL. If the mass of the pebble is 3.5 grams, what are its density and specific gravity?