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RESULT

Run 1: Open Tank Run 2:Close Tank Set 1 Set 2 Set 1 Set 2 Averag Averag
e e
(close)
(open)
A Temperature Temperature (TG), 32 32 32 32 32 32
(TG), °C °C
B Actual density Actual density 993 993 995 995 993 995
3 3
(DI), kg/ m (DI), kg/ m
C Density from Density from table, 995.02 995.02 995.02 995.02 995.02 995.02
table, kg/ 3 6 6 6 6 6 6
3
kg/ m
m
D Deviation B Deviation B from 2.026 2.026 0.026 0.026 2.026 0.026
from C, kg/ 3
C, kg/ m
m3
E Calculated Calculated 0.993 0.993 0.995 0.995 0.993 0.995
Specific Specific Gravity
Gravity
F Deviation E Deviation E with 0.023 0.023 0.025 0.025 0.023 0.025
with hydrometer
hydrometer
TABLE 1: Density Measurement (Water, Heater OFF)

Run 1: Open Tank Run 2:Close Tank Set 1 Set 2 Set 1 Set 2 Averag Averag
e e
(close)
(open)
A Temperature Temperature (TG), 48 48 48 48 48 48
(TG), °C °C
B Actual density Actual density 980 980 974 974 980 974
3 3
(DI), kg/ m (DI), kg/ m
C Density from Density from table, 988.92 988.92 988.92 988.92 988.92 988.92
table, kg/ 3 8 8 8 8 8 8
kg/ m
m3
D Deviation B Deviation B from 8.928 8.928 14.928 14.928 7.928 14.928
from C, kg/ 3
C, kg/ m
m3
E Calculated Calculated 0.980 0.980 0.974 0.974 0.980 0.974
Specific Specific Gravity
Gravity
F Deviation E Deviation E with 0.010 0.010 0.004 0.004 0.010 0.004
with hydrometer
hydrometer

The experiment was done by fill in water into the tank.97. For the result from the experiment. Next. Then. Each part consist of open tank and closed tank. From the density indicator (DI) and actual temperature from temperature gauge (TG). Then. repeat the step as part one but on the heater. vent. The overflow valve. multimeter and hand held terminal.DISCUSSION Density is a measure of the “compactness” of matter within a substance and is defined by the unit m3 /kg. The experiment used water as the sample. The objective of this experiment were to evaluate and study the measurement of density using the differential pressure or level transmitter and to check the calibration using a hand pump. make sure all the valve were fully closed. the globe valve at tank T1 was closed and stop the pump. Perry VII was 995. For.026 kg/m3. Density can be measured directly by using hydrometer. Then. take the reading from the density indicator (DI) and actual temperature from temperature gauge (TG). pressure module. For run 2 that was for closed tank. the tank was pressurized by set the tank T1 to closed tank and the . Then. the temperature of the water was 30°C and the actual density (DI) was recorded that was 993 kg/m3 while the density for the water from the table 2-28. the specific gravity of water in tank T2 was read by used the hydrometer. DP calibrator. For the second run at the first part (close tank). tank 1 was set to closed tank by pressurized the tank 1. the specific gravity read from hydrometer for both part of the experiment were 0. The experiment consist of two parts that were the first part was for heater off and for the second part was for heater on. Next. the pump and stirrer was started by turning the knob clockwise. for run 1 let the water in tank T2 to stabilize for a while. For the first part at the open tank. heater on or part two. take three set of readings at tank T1. bottom gate and globe valve were fully shut.

Lastly.974. the value for actual density and calculated specific gravity of water when heat was supplied was less compared to when no heat was supplied. For calculated specific gravity. From the value of calculated specific gravity of water.0. For table 2 that was the second part of the experiment.actual density (DI) was recorded that was 995 kg/m3 which the value was slightly different from open tank. The density of the water from the table 2-28. but the value was still in range of the theory that was 1.995. The value of calculated specific gravity of water for both tank were different with the value from the hydrometer that was 0. the reading for the experiment was not stable.970.993 and for the closed tank was 0. For calculated specific gravity the value at the open tank was 0. the value was still in range of the theory that the specific gravity of water was 1.970 which the value was same with the first part when water does not supplied with heat. the tank was pressurized by set the tank T1 to closed tank. Firstly. The actual density (DI) recorded was 974 kg/m3 which the value was different from the open tank. at the open tank. From the both table. the errors that might occurs was parallax errors.0. the different of density when use the hydrometer that were 0. the water that used was contaminated.980 and for the close tank the value was 0. At open tank. the value was 0. Then. the specific gravity of the water was measured by using hydrometer that was 0. For the close tank. There were some errors that might occur in experiment.970.927 kg/m3. Perry VII that was recorded was 988. . the temperature of the water was recorded that was 48°C and the actual density (DI) was 980 kg/m3.

647 kg/m3. For calculated specific gravity (both tank) have the same value with the difference of 0.001 kg/m3.970. Firstly. the value is still in range of the theory. For calculated specific gravity (both tank) have the same value with the difference of 0. the temperature of the water is 30°C and the actual density (DI) recorded is 988 kg/m3 while the density for the water (based on table) is 995. From the result it ca be conclude that the objective and theoretical of the experiment have been achieve. the value is still in range of the theory that the specific gravity of water is 1. For the heater on experiment it can show that the density for the water (based on table) is 988. For the second run (close tank).927 kg/m3. used ladder when read the reading at . Although the value of calculated specific gravity of water (for both tank) is different when using with hydrometer (0.970). For open tank. the tank was pressurized but the temperature of the water is still 30°C (which is same with open tank) and the actual density (DI) recorded is 987 kg/m3 which the value is slightly different from open tank. RECOMMENDATION As a recommendation for this experiment which is can be refer by the other student to overcome the error had been determined.CONCLUSION As the conclusion. the result that have obtained from the experiment which were for close and open tank for off heater and on heater it can be shown that the specific gravity of the water by using hydrometer was 0.970).0. Although the value of calculated specific gravity of water (for both tank) is different when using with hydrometer (0.010 kg/m3. For the second run (close tank) was 971 kg/m3 which the value is slightly different from open tank.

A hydrometer is usually made of glass. TUTORIALS 1. Define Specific Gravity of liquid. equivalently. Thus the parallax can be overcome. so their densities are approximately constant under most ordinary conditions 5. Define Density. and they compress only slightly with increasing pressure.Density can be define as substance is its mass per unit volume. How does a hydrometer measure density? . it is the ratio of the mass of a substance to the mass of a reference substance for the same given volume 4.Density is NOT constant. Next. Is density of liquid is constant? . the machine and device must always be maintenance at least one time per month to avoid any damage that can be occur in the machine. SI unit Kg/m3 2. Lastly. -Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. but for liquids and solids it doesn't change very much with temperature or pressure. Besides that. .Pound/ liter 3. while running this experiment the experimenter should read the laboratory manual before conduct this experiment. Liquids and solids expand only slightly with increasing temperature. Units? . the experimenter should wait the reading stable before take or record the data. .A hydrometer or areometer is an instrument that measures the specific gravity (relative density) of liquids the ratio of the density of the liquid to the density of water. and consists of a cylindrical stem and a bulb weighted with mercury or lead shot to make it float upright.I. What are its S.hydrometer. Name other units for Density.

High. What are the densities measuring instruments used in this plant? . The liquid inside the tank creates pressure which is comparatively higher than the reference atmospheric pressure. A greater density will have the same affect. Name some other density measurement method.Differential pressure level measurement technique makes use of a differential pressure detector which is installed at the bottom of the tank whose level is to be detected. A standard differential pressure transmitter connected to an open tank is shown in the figure below. Is the calibration of pressure transmitter necessary? . More weight means more force per unit area as pressure 7. Gravitational force. The site calibration is carried out in this experiment. besides the differential pressure method shown . This pressure comparison is performed via the Differential pressure detector. How does hydrostatic pressure relate to density? .Possible error that can affecting the accuracy in pressure/density measurement are went the fluid that need to be measure are contaminate with other material or other chemical. 10. . because is an essential function within most industries where measurement instrumentation is used to monitor process performance and safety. wrong choosing the hydrometer for specific fluid.Density meter 8. Meaning there is more weight of fluid on top of the point you measuring pressure. besides that.6. 9.yes. More density means more mass per unit volume. Discuss briefly the possible errors affecting the accuracy in pressure/density measurement as observed in the experiment. .The pressure due to a fluid at a given depth is P= density.