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INGLÉS II

LILIA EVELYN GUZMÁN VIDAL

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INDEX
Page
Presentación 5
Introducción 6
Orientaciones metodológicas 7
UNIT ONE: A TIME AND A PLACE 8
Lesson 1: Where is the Restaurant? 9
1.1 Expressing time 9
1.2 Simple present 10
1.3 Present Continuous 11
1.4 Imperatives 12
1.5 Language check 13
1.6 Reading 14
1.7 Vocabulary 15
On line Exploring 17

Lesson 2: How was your day? 18
2.1 Food 18
2.2 Would you like 19
2.3 Wh-Questions: who - whose 19
2.4 Verb ‘To Be’ past tense 20
2.5 Language check 21
2.6 Reading 23
2.7 Vocabulary 24
On line Exploring 26

Lesson 3: There was a bug in my soup! 27
3.1 Entertainment and events 27
3.2 There was and there were 28
3.3 Listening 28
3.4 Language check 29
3.5 Reading 31
3.6 Vocabulary 31
Activity 32
Additional Exercises 33
On-line Exploring 34
Bibliographic References 34
Self-Assessment – Unit One 35

UNIT TWO: MY PAST 37
Lesson 4: Who had an accident? 38
4.1 Life events 38
4.2 Past simple regular verbs 39
4.3 –ed pronunciation 40
4.4 Past simple questions 41
4.5 Language check 41
4.6 Reading 42
4.7 Vocabulary 44
On line Exploring 47

Lesson 5: Music styles 48
5.1 Types of music 48
5.2 Past simple irregular verbs 49
5.3 Questions and negative 50
5.4 Language check 50
5.5 Reading 53
5.6 Listening 54
5.7 Vocabulary 55

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On line Exploring 57

Lesson 6: It’s time for shopping! 58
6.1 Clothes 58
6.2 Wh-questions in the past 58
6.3 Other wh-questions 59
6.4 Language check 60
6.5 Reading 61
6.6 Vocabulary 63
Activity 64
Additional Exercises 65
On-line Exploring 68
Bibliographic References 68
Self-Assessment – Unit Two 69

UNIT THREE: MAKE ONE CHANGE 71
Lesson 7: The seasons 72
7.1 Seasons and the weather 72
7.2 Simple present and present continuous 73
7.3 Spelling –ing forms 73
7.4 Language check 74
7.5 Reading 75
7.6 Vocabulary 76
On line Exploring 78

Lesson 8: I feel superb! 79
8.1 Feelings and emotions 79
8.2 The definite article: the 80
8.3 Comparative and superlative adjectives 80
8.4 Language check 82
8.5 Reading 83
8.6 Vocabulary 84
On line Exploring 86

Lesson 9: What a night! 87
9.1 Words that go together: food 87
9.2 Countable and uncountable nouns 88
9.3 Quantifiers 88
9.4 Language check 89
9.5 Listening 91
9.6 Vocabulary 91
Activity 92
Additional Exercises 93
On-line Exploring 94
Bibliographic References 95
Self-Assessment – Unit Three 96
UNIT FOUR: OFF ON HOLIDAY 98
Lesson 10: Are you going to the cinema tomorrow? 99
10.1 Places 99
10.2 Going to for future 100
10.3 Expressions with ‘.have’ 100
10.4 Language check 101
10.5 Reading 103
10.6 Listening 104
10.7 Vocabulary 105
On line Exploring 107

Lesson 11: Are you going to take a taxi? 108
11.1 Transport 108

3 Language check 109 11.5 Reading 116 12. 4 11.2 Expressions with ‘go’ and ‘play’ 108 11.4 Language check 115 12.1 Holidays 114 12.7 Song: Eternal Flame 118 Activity 119 Additional Exercises 119 On-line Exploring 121 Bibliographic References 121 Self-Assessment – Unit Four 122 ANSWER KEY 124 Unit one 125 Unit two 131 Unit three 137 Unit four 142 List of Irregular Verbs 147 .4 Reading 110 11.5 Vocabulary 111 On line Exploring 113 Lesson 12: Our holidays 114 12.6 Vocabulary 117 12.2 Compound nouns 114 12.3 Prefixes and suffixes 115 12.

5 PRESENTACIÓN .

/xx/. La pronunciación es importante. Busque otras situaciones donde aplicar lo aprendido e incremente su vocabulario personal. Verá que el esfuerzo vale la pena. además de un buen diccionario bilingüe. Una vez comprendida la teoría se continúa con la práctica. por esto se aconseja que cada vez que sea posible. ¡Qué sus esfuerzos tengan muchos éxitos! . Los vocabularios siempre son importantes para su comprensión y para ampliar su rango de situaciones en las que pueda utilizar lo que está aprendiendo. pues el idioma Inglés es muy diferente tanto como se lee que como se escribe. en inglés. escuchen canciones. hará todo lo posible por ser honrado consigo mismo. El presente texto contiene explicaciones gramaticales y ejemplos prácticos para facilitar el aprendizaje del alumno. repasando lo aprendido en el primer manual y continuando al siguiente nivel. continuará hallándolas entre barras y en letras cursivas. programas. ha sido preparado para que el alumno pueda continuar afianzando las estructuras básicas idioma Inglés. etc. y continúen buscando más ejercicios que abundan en la web. sino que también se debe leer en voz alta para acostumbrarse a los nuevos sonidos que se utilizarán. Este manual contiene muchos ejercicios que deberán ser complementados con otros adicionales. Esto le permitirá tener confianza y seguridad sobre lo que está aprendiendo y al mismo tiempo podrá medir sus logros personales. conversaciones. 6 INTRODUCCION El Cuaderno de Inglés II. Ejemplo: car /kár/ elephant /élefant/. Se recomienda que trate de resolver los ejercicios por cuenta propia y al final pueda comparar las soluciones obtenidas con las correctas. Si su verdadero deseo es ser un buen profesional. Ésta no solamente debe ser escrita. Tenga a mano el mismo cuaderno que usó para sus prácticas del primer manual.

Añada cuantas palabras considere necesarias. deberá estudiar. Hágalo todas las veces que considere necesario hasta que se sienta seguro. Los contenidos se desarrollan en cuatro unidades temáticas: 1. Sujétese a él y no lo varíe por nada. ESTRATEGIA DE APRENDIZAJE: Tenga un buen diccionario bilingüe a mano. Aumente la variedad de ejercicios buscando las páginas de Internet que se sugieren al final del Texto. complementadas con ayudas didácticas de audio. Al leer la situación o caso de la Unidad piense: “¿Cómo me puede ayudar esta información?”. Hacer un cambio 4. hablar. lea bien las instrucciones y/o explicaciones. . leer y escribir. Hágalos con calma. desarrolle la AUTOEVALUACION. Trate de explicar lo que se ha leído. Las lecciones contienen ejercicios. 7 ORIENTACIONES METODOLÓGICAS ESTRUCTURA: El manual de INGLÉS II está dividido en Cuatro Unidades Didácticas para facilitar el estudio. escribir y leer (comprensión de mensajes escritos y orales).español / español – inglés) Consiga uno de bolsillo. ayudas gramaticales y links para poder practicar lo aprendido. Motívese. EVALUACIÓN: Se estudiará las dos primeras Unidades para el Primer Parcial. Establezca un horario personal de estudio diario. Primero. Mi pasado 3. Sea regular y constante. Cada Unidad contiene pequeñas lecciones que. Practique con los ejercicios. de preferencia. aprender y practicar en un promedio de tres a cuatro semanas por unidad. La Unidad empieza con un título que le ayudará a tomar conciencia de lo que aprenderá y cómo puede serle útil la información. en conjunto. multimedia y recursos virtuales. proporcionándole los elementos estructurales necesarios en un nivel básico y utilizando estrategias metodológicas actualizadas con temas de un texto unificado para todas las facultades. repítalos cada vez que sea necesario. Una vez que lo logre pase a la siguiente Unidad. Cada Lección contiene tanto la explicación como los ejemplos necesarios para su mejor entendimiento. Aprenda el glosario final. internalizando temas específicos y gramática básica. Repase los ejercicios de pronunciación que están al final del Texto. Salir de vacaciones COMPETENCIA: El estudiante al concluir la asignatura de Inglés II adquirirá y/o reactivará habilidades básicas de: escuchar. haciendo uso de estrategias metodológicas activas e interactivas. y las dos últimas Unidades para el Segundo Parcial. Un momento y un lugar 2. SUMILLA: La asignatura de Inglés II se encuentra dentro del sistema de cursos dirigidos a la adquisición de la competencia comunicativa. Si hay alguna palabra en especial que le interesa búsquela en el diccionario y agréguela al glosario. reconociendo así la importancia del idioma inglés para su desarrolloprofesional y/o académico. Que éste le brinde la base para edificar un nuevo vocabulario. Como último paso. hablar. Ponga a prueba todo lo que aprendió. (Inglés . El propósito es involucrar al alumno en el desarrollo de habilidades de escuchar. es de naturaleza teórico-práctica. Observe y analice los ejemplos. video.

3 Express using the verb “To be” in the past tense. 8 UNIT ONE A TIME AND A PLACE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to: 1. 1. . 1. 1. the ability to understand and communicate in simple present.4 Declare past ideas with: there was and there were. read and write in simple present tense. This Unit has the purpose to review basic skills in English. 1.5 Speak about entertainment and events in the simple past.2 Use properly the present continuous tense.1 Speak. present continuous and simple past. in common situations.

flickr. 9 LESSON 1 WHERE IS THE RESTAURANT? 1.com/photos/47309173@N06/7922878740/ • What time does your train arrive? /wot táym das yor tréyn arráyv/ • It arrives at 11:45 /it arráyvs at a kuarter tu tuelv/ • What time do you get up? /wot táym du yu geráp/ • I usually get up at 6:30. /ay yúshuali geráp at jaf past six/ • When do you go to the Institute? /wen du yu gou tu de ínstitiut/ • I go everyday. from Monday to Friday /ay gou évridey from mándey tu fráydey/ .1 EXPRESSING TIME • What time do we meet at the restaurant? /wot táym du wi mit at de réstorant/ • At 1:15 would be alright? /At a kuarter past wan wud bi olráyt/ • What time is your train leaving? /wot táym is yor tréyn liyvin/ • It leaves at 12 o’clock /it liyvs at tuélv oclok/ https://www.

He ______ a shower and _______ breakfast. too. A: Good. His sisters _____ always late for breakfast. He _______ his teeth. The Long-Fua. He _______ his face. A: Hello Sandra. Let’s take a taxi. JANET: Where is that? KATY: It’s near the University. Jack _______ up very early. where do you plan to go? KATY: I want to eat Chinese food. I’m fine thanks. How are you? B: Hi Don. Do you know a good Chinese Restaurant? KATY: Yes. What do you think? JANET: It’s a good idea. They ______ to sleep late so they _____ up late.2 SIMPLE PRESENT KATY: Hi Janet! Do you want to eat with me? JANET: Hi Katy! Sure. JANET: Alright! READING COMPREHENSION: Complete the reading with the verb in the simple present: be brush doesn’t get eat fix get have leave like like take wake wash Every morning. His father ______ __________ to be . ANSWER THE QUESTIONS A: What time do you leave home? B: ______________________________________________ A: Do you always take the bus at the same time? B: _______________________________________________ A: What time does your class begin? B: _______________________________________________ A: When do you do your homework? B: _______________________________________________ 1. thanks! B: Bye. 10 PRACTICE THE DIALOG Read the dialog and practice with your partner. call me after 5 o’clock. May I call you later? B: Please. A: I need to speak with you. His mother ________ up earlier and ________ breakfast for everyone.

RICK: Ok. He always comes home late. JACK: Fine. RICK: If you are paying the bill…. https://www.com/photos/81067105@N00/76904711/ READING COMPREHENSION: Complete the reading with the verb in the present continuous: be forget prepare run run take think wait watch work Jack ____________ home. While he ____________ home.3 PRESENT CONTINUOUS RICK: Hey Jack! JACK: Hey Rick! What’s new? RICK: I’m looking for a new pair of good tennis shoes. It is offering good prices in every store for the opening. He _____ in a hurry. he ____________ what to do to have the TV for himself. 1. JACK: Yes. are you going to the new Mall? RICK: Where? JACK: The one in Keneth Avenue. I’m going. I’m inviting you. His new TV show begins at 6:15 and it’s 6:12. friend.flickr. thanks. Oh! He . JACK: Oh. He always _______ home at half past seven every day. His sisters ____________ cartoons and his mother _______________ supper. His father ____________ at the office. Jack and his fater _________ to work early. RICK: That sounds great! JACK: Are you coming with me? We can have lunch together. 11 late.

the teacher is calling you. They are also used to ask for something and it is usually used with the polite “please”. I’m not! . PAUL: Don’t talk! TEACHER: Paul! Come here.) before the verb. The negative is directly used with the auxiliary verb: don’t. 12 _____________ Ann! Ann ____________ for him at the Restaurant at 6:30! He _____________ a taxi to be on time. …Paul. PAUL: Don’t bother me! TEACHER: Paul! Come here. Write your name and press “submit”. please. Example: Come here. The negative is: let’s not. SALLY: Yes. Please. SALLY: He never obeys Miss. when it does is just to emphasize a quality or condition. Miss.4 IMPERATIVES We find imperatives in instructions. 1. please. close the door. Remember that these sentences are used without a subject and the verb is in infinitive. Example: Don’t be fool! Don’t be late! Do be nice! Do be gentle! DIALOG: TEACHER: Sally please. Example: Let’s go to the beach. Don’t stand up! Don’t run! When you are included in the imperative it is used: let’s (abbreviation of: let us. warnings. Imperatives may be used for emphasis with the auxiliary verb do and the verb be. or commands. call Paul. please! SALLY: You see! He’s very stubborn! PAUL: No. Though this combination is not frequently used. Let’s call the doctor. Let’s not go to the concert. Sit down. Let´s sit down.

TEACHER: Don’t worry Paul.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A: Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in simple present. Walter and Silvia ________ the sandwiches.flickr. ________________________________ . https://www. The cat ________ the flowers in the garden. ________________________________ 2. You must study. Your father ________ to learn Spanish. Little Tommy ________ the chocolate cake in the kitchen. (smell) 5. (smell) B: Change the sentences into imperatives. Karina _______ her shoes and boots under the stairs. You must be quiet. (pass) 7. Example: You have to stand up. You have to come here. John and Paul _______ the papers in a suitcase. (try) 4. I just want to give your tests back. My uncle ________ my bicycle every week. TEACHER: Shhhh! Let’s calm down. You should close the door. – Stand up! 1. (crash) 8. stop fighting! Be quiet! SALLY: But… PAUL: Miss…. (work) 9. 13 TEACHER: Please. (watch) 10. (mix) 6. SALLY: Oh! PAUL: Sorry teacher. You should not speak. My mother ________ with my father. ________________________________ 3. 1.com/photos/nwabr/6917718093/ 1. ________________________________ 5. (carry) 3. The children ________ television every night. My mother _________ coffee and chocolate to prepare a hot drink. (put) 2. ________________________________ 4.

Not be late. _____________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________ 5. They sit down and a waiter comes with the menu. We don’t have to play. Katy is paying attention to her friend. ______________________________________________________ 7. Katy loves to eat Chinese food. French. It’s her favorite. _____________________________________________________ 9. Go. Keep quiet. Russian.flickr.6 READING Katy and Janet meet at the University to go to a Chinese Restaurant. We should go to the beach.com/photos/smartsignbrooklyn/10213459946/ 1. Walk slowly. She always asks for a Wonton Soup and Kam-lu Wonton. / Do stop smoking! 1. We have to read books. But Janet is thinking about doing something new. Janet wants to try different flavors so maybe they can visit a different restaurant: Italian. so the girls can have lunch before their class begins. Not read comics. ____________________________________________________ 3. as many as you can. But Janet loves to eat white rice with sweet and sour pork. ________________________________ 9. ________________________________ 7. ____________________________________________________ 4. . 14 6. Stop playing. You don’t have to sit down. Not sleep. They decide to have lunch together once a week. ________________________________________________ 6. Read aloud. ________________________________ 10. The girls agree to visit them and enjoy eating food from different regions. Stop smoking! / Let’s stop smoking. ________________________________ C: Make imperative sentences. ____________________________________________________ 10. We must dance here. ___________________________________________________________ https://www. at 12 o’clock. and so forth. Example: Stop smoking. ________________________________ 8. _____________________________________________________ 8. Not be late. Play chess. The Long-Fua opens early.

Are they eating together every day? ____________________________________________________________________ 6. begin empezar 5. let’s vamos a 23. calm down calmarse. fight pelear 14. late tarde 21. fix preparar. reunir. 15 READING COMPREHENSION 1. alright muy bien. himself por sí mismo 19. homework tarea 20. Why is it convenient for the girls? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. on time a tiempo 28. bill cuenta 6. never nunca 27. educado 31. arrive llegar 3. Which is Janet’s favorite food? ____________________________________________________________________ 5. lunch almuerzo 24. tranquilizarse 10. forget olvidar 16. get up levantar de la cama 17. leave salir 22.7 VOCABULARY 1. breakfast desayuno 7. cállate 4. de acuerdo 2. Which is Katy’s favorite food? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. commands órdenes 13. call llamar 9. Chinese chino 12. opening apertura 29. What time does the Chinese Restaurant open? ____________________________________________________________________ 2. conocer 26. brush cepillar 8. cartoons dibujos animados 11. What kind of restaurants do they plan to visit? ____________________________________________________________________ 1. great fabuloso 18. meet encontrar. respetuoso. arreglar 15. mall centro comercial 25. prices precios . polite cortés. pair par 30. be quiet silencio.

warning advertencia(s) 49. take tomar 43. speak hablar 37. together juntos 46. enviar 40. sorry lo siento 36. while mientras 50. sure seguro 42. wait esperar 48. recordar 33. worry preocupar . sleep dormir 35. 16 32. supper cena 41. store tienda 38. though aunque 45. same mismo. igual 34. submit presentar. stubborn terco(a) 39. remember recuerde. tennis shoes zapatillas 44. without sin 51. train tren 47.

youtube.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_negation2.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont1.english-4u.html http://www.com/watch?v=pDGcOBuHgYo https://www.php (with audio) http://www.youtube.org/verbs/present-continuous/index.talking-about.html http://www.agendaweb.youtube.eclecticenglish.youtube.net/english-Telling+the+Time-12.uvcs.youtube.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_mix.youtube.htm http://www. 17 ON LINE EXPLORING Expressing time http://www.montsemorales.htm http://web2.com/watch?v=9p_pdjhPfMs Simple present https://www.englishteachermelanie.com/watch?v=nTeGorY3rg4 https://www.com/watch?v=3W3AZ5Zw0n0 http://www.com/english-grammar-how-to-use-the-present- simple-to-talk-about-future-events/ https://www.com/watch?v=a6Eozn55Lqs .htm https://www.html http://www.com/future-time-tables.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_mix2.com/watch?v=X9QluYxyV00 https://www.englisch-hilfen.youtube.com/watch?v=UZMDp89VjEM https://www.uvic.de/tenses_exercises.youtube.com/vocabulario/VerbsSpot1-4.englisch-hilfen.com/watch?v=K3GMiFc-gLs Present continuous http://www.englisch-hilfen.really-learn-english.html http://www.htm http://www.htm https://www.com/grammar/PresentContinuous1F.

they begin to work in the kitchen. 18 LESSON TWO HOW WAS YOUR DAY? 2. . This is her list: apricot /ápricot/ beer /bíer/ carrots /kárrots/ celery /séleri/ chili /chíli/ chips /chíps/ crackers /crákers/ cream /krím/ honey /hány/ lemon /lémon/ oil /óyl/ onions /ónions/ peanut butter /pínat báter/ pepper /péper/ pineapple /paynápol/ salad /sálad/ salt /solt/ soda /sóda/ https://www. Frida is buying the things from the list.flickr. So. She is thinking about all the things she needs for the meeting. they are preparing some more vegetables and fruit.com/photos/gabian ow/8945825268/ strawberries /stróberris/ sugar /shúgar/ tea /ti/ tomatoes /toméytos/ vegetables /véyetabols/ vinegar /vínegar/ Her sisters come early to go shopping and have everything ready. They have a lot of work to do.1 FOOD Miriam is preparing a party. When Frida comes back.com/photos/laser/1471968729/ leg /leg/ pork /pork/ ribs /ribs/ sausage /sósech/ steak /steyk/ https://www. Her sisters Stella and Frida are coming to help her. Sam and Fred. Miriam is cleaning the apartment and Stella is helping her.com/photos/laser/1471968729/ turkey /térki/ But some friends don’t eat meat. It’s for today! She thinks it is easier to prepare a barbecue with: bacon /béycon/ beef /bif/ chicken /chíken/ chops /chops/ fish /fish/ ham /jam/ https://www. She is inviting her friends Tim.flickr.flickr.

you just write the verb after Who. I’d prefer. please. Who was making a cake when the bell rang? . Would you like a cold tea? I’d prefer it hot. It’s delicious.2 WOULD YOU LIKE This expression is used to offer or invite something politely. Example: The doctors are at a meeting today. It is also used to say what one or someone likes. Who is at a meeting today? Mr. thanks. In the negative form the negative is contracted: wouldn’t like. 19 2. Who changed the lights? Clarisse was making a cake when the bell rang. However. Example: Would you like something to drink? I’d like a frozen coke. 378294@N04/1 Example: Would you like something to eat? 5529321112/ I’d love a piece of cake. Who talks about engineering? The baby is sleeping. Clark and Harry Hughes talk about engineering.flickr .com/photos/127 Other variations of this expression is: I’d love. In this case. Would your mother like a dog for a pet? She wouldn’t like it. Would you like a cup of coffee? She’d like a cup of tea instead. When you ask for the subject of the sentence you don’t need to use an auxiliary verb to form the question.3 WH-QUESTIONS: WHO . it is normally abbreviated in the affirmative form: would like -‘d like. Would you like some fruit? You’d like our fruit salad. When you make a question it is written without any contraction. Who was at the park? The policeman changed the lights. 2. https://www. please. She’s allergic to dogs. If it is in simple present the verb is in the form of the third person singular. Example: The children were at the park.WHOSE Questions with who are used to ask for people. Who is sleeping? The verb is in the past after who without an auxiliary verb. but you may ask for the subject or for the person in the complement.

and it. You were a taxi driver. Example: Was Helen at the concert yesterday? Were you sick yesterday? Was the teacher absent yesterday? Were they hungry in the morning? NEGATIVE: The negative is added to the verb and it is normally contracted: wasn’t (was not). We use was with: I. Whose sister works at the Museum? Nancy and Stella’s brother won the first prize. Example: My mother is a nurse in this Hospital. he. 20 Questions with whose are used when we ask for possession. . He was an artist. Whose dog is running after John? Your father is eating your hot dog. You just put the verb in front of the sentence. we.com/ photos/didiervidal/2020 The students’ examinations were falling down. Whose BMW is this? Carla’s dog is running after John.flickr. I was a teacher. She was a policewoman. We were friends. and they. Whose father is eating my hot dog? Tom’s sister works at the Museum. 468387/ Whose examinations were falling down? 2. We use were with: you. were according to the subject. You were neighbors. They were sick. Whose brother won the first prize? https://www. It was a dog. The question is formed by: whose + the possession + verb. It is formed just like who subject we have learned.4 VERB “TO BE” PAST TENSE The past tense of the verb “to be” is formed with: was. Whose mother is a nurse in this Hospital? This is Harry’s BMW. she. INTERROGATIVE: The interrogative form is like in the present tense. weren’t (were not).

9. That executive _______ the head of my department. 10. 6. The bricks _______ on the roof. Tina and Sue _______ at the party with John. 21 Example: I wasn’t at home yesterday. George _______ our foreman last year. Some wine .5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. The buildings _______ in Mexico City. The children weren’t at the park this morning. John and Jane weren’t from Cajamarca.______________________________________________ 5.__________________________________________________ B. 1.___________________________________________________ 10. 2. C. Sandra. This house ________ very dirty and ugly. A hamburger . The restaurant ______ in front of my parents’ house. A new dress .___________________________________________________ 6.___________________________________________________ 9.__________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________________ 3. A piece of cake ._____________________________________________________ 8. 3. Chinese food ._________________________________________________ 2. 4. The engineer _______ in his car yesterday. The children _______ at school in the morning. Some fruit . ___________________________________________________________ 6.____________________________________________________ 4. Some cookies . 2. Gina wasn’t at the restaurant at 1:00 o’clock. were. A cup of tea . Change the sentences in exercise B into questions.___________________________________________________ 7. 7. Some cheese . Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb to be: was. The operator ______ in the office at a quarter to eight. ___________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________ 4. ___________________________________________________________ 5. 5. Offer your guest the following: Example: A soda – Would you like a soda? 1. ___________________________________________________________ . An ice cream cone . 1. 8.

3. 22 7. The children played with the cat last night. Make questions from the following sentences with: who or whose. Gianina is cleaning Pablo’s office. Jerry __________ an accountant. The baby’s toys are in that box. 9. ___________________________________________________________ D. ___________________________________________________________ 8. ______________________________________________________________ 9. Ina. E. The designers ________ working during the earthquake. 2. 1. Some students are studying medicine in the garden. ______________________________________________________________ 8. Sophie and Rina _______ students at the University. ______________________________________________________________ 3. 6. ___________________________________________________________ 10. ______________________________________________________________ . Mr. ______________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________ 6. Our papers were on top of the bookshelf. The manager and the director ___________ friends. weren’t. ______________________________________________________________ 5. Mary Simpson _______ a technician. Gaby and Charles ________ at the party last weekend. ______________________________________________________________ 7. Those are the teacher’s notes. 10. Nancy and Nick are in bed with the flu. 1. Your architects ________ here at half past nine. O’Connor was driving home when he had a car crash. 7. The engineer _________ at the building at four o’clock. ______________________________________________________________ 10. Complete the sentences in the negative form of the verb: wasn’t. Your dog went to Tom’s house and broke his bone. 4. I ________ very happy with my new dress. The teacher __________ a secretary. ______________________________________________________________ 2. 5. 8. ___________________________________________________________ 9. Teresa’s child was injured at school.

madaires/5334767896/ SAM: Is that _____________ Rita? . Fred. https://www. Frida was a good cook. What were they doing? _______________________________________________________________ 4. There was pizza: ham and cheese pizza. not at all. READING COMPREHENSION 1. chips with chili. tea. They were eating nachos. They were dancing. This is a great ______! FRIDA: Yes. and so forth. What were they eating? _______________________________________________________________ 5. There were a lot of people in her apartment.com/photos/hebdro MIRIAM: ___________ very humble. Stella and Frida. sodas. crackers with cheese and spread. were very happy to meet Tim. 23 2.flickr. Her friends were glad to be there. SAM: __________ pizzas are great! FRIDA: Yes??? MIRIAM: But of course! ________ were made by Frida! SAM: Wow! ___________ Frida!!! FRIDA: Oh. Her sisters. SAM: Definitely! FRIDA: _______________. Who was the cook? _______________________________________________________________ 6. Who was the veggie pizza for? _______________________________________________________________ COMPLETE THE DIALOG FROM THE LISTENING: SAM: What a _______ idea Miriam. Sam and Fred. beer. Miriam and Stella were eating fried chicken and bacon. When was Miriam’s party? _______________________________________________________________ 2. it is dear ________. Who was in the apartment? _______________________________________________________________ 3. But Sam. MIRIAM: ___________ an excellent cook. The veggie pizza was for Stella and Tim because they don’t eat meat. pepperoni pizza and a special pizza for veggies (vegetarians). And the __________ selection is fabulous! MIRIAM: _______________! I’m really _______ that you enjoy. eating and having fun.6 READING: Miriam’s party was yesterday.

chili ají 14. chips papitas 15. at this time para ahora.7 VOCABULARY 1. crash chocar. executive ejecutivo. head jefe 38. and so forth y demás. fried frito 35. for a week por una semana 33. early temprano 23. foreman capataz. she isn’t. earthquake terremoto 24. choque 19. MIRIAM: Stella was helping me organizing __________________ SAM: No doubt. dress vestido 22. encargado(a) 34. humble modesto(a) 40. near cerca. cercano . chops chuletas 16. etc. any minute en cualquier momento 4. meeting reunión. fall down caer 28. 24 FRIDA: No. ham jamón. accountant contador 2. apartment departamento 5. beer cerveza 10. kitchen cocina 43. later más tarde 45. ejecutiva 27. honey miel de abeja 39. crackers galletas de soda 18. carne. last month el mes pasado 44. leg pierna 46. flu gripe. in an hour en una hora 41. filet filete (viene del francés) 29. ask preguntar. She’s ______________ Stella. injured herido(a). beef bife. reuniéndo 47. lomo 9. finally finalmente 30. cream crema 20. solicitar 6. bricks ladrillos 12. pedir. come back regresar 17. bacon tocino 8. lesionado(a) 42. bell campana 11. You are a nice ____________! 2. 3. fish pescado 31. go shopping ir de compras 36. influenza 32. designer diseñador(a) 21. jamón serrano 37. eventually eventualmente 25. everything todo 26. chicken pollo 13. en este tiempo 7.

onions cebollas 53. tonight esta noche 81. soon pronto 69. recently recientemente 61. 25 48. since May desde mayo 67. taxi driver chofer de taxi 73. tomatoes tomates 79. pork cerdo. hoy día 78. vegetables vegetales 85. sick enfermo 66. nowadays hoy en día 52. salad ensalada 64. operator operador. tomorrow mañana 80. sausage salchicha 65. peanut butter mantequilla de maní 56. usualmente 84. sugar azúcar 72. there allí 76. soda gaseosa 68. while mientras 88. ribs costillas 62. ready listo 60. roof techo 63. these days estos días 77. next Monday el próximo lunes 50. turkey pavo 82. now ahora 51. porcino. spread pasta para untar. usually generalmente. steak bistéc. prize premio 58. veggies vegetarianos 87. filete. churrasco 71. neighbors vecinos 49. chancho 57. today hoy. rang timbró. technician técnico 75. sonó 59. vegetarians vegetarianos 86. tea té 74. margarina 70. party fiesta 55. whole entero . operadora 54. two years ago hace dos años 83.

com/watch?v=jQ0FwgtDKu8 https://www.digitaleschulebayern.htm Verb ‘To be’ past tense http://www.htm http://www.com/watch?v=Ahlt83jvXIY https://www.youtube.free.englishpedia.youtube.htm .net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would- like-at-the-reataurant-exercise.englishmaven.youtube.ac.fr/skyblues67/simppast/wascloze.englishpedia.uk/arts/exercises/grammar/grammar_tutorial/page_57.html http://first- english.net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would- like-difference-exercise.com/watch?v=TZgxHUyqxHA Wh-questions: who – whose http://www. 26 ON LINE EXPLORING Food https://www.org/verbs/tobe-past-simple/index.htm http://www.agendaweb.mound.grammar-monster.youtube.org/english_learning/english_beginners/would_want_to/02_would_like_to _questiions_exercises.org/HP6/To_Be_Exercise5.com/watch?v=Zdu7bBFgP-c Would you like http://www.englishpedia.youtube.com/watch?v=i5YQVC6-5MM https://www.htm http://www.html http://suz.de/english/grammar/was_were1.youtube.htm http://s.htm https://www.htm http://www.com/watch?v=bHJXsHf4Q6E https://www.net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would- like-test.com/easily_confused/whos_whose.bristol.

flickr. But there was a bug in the soup! https://www. They were in the Accident and Emergency Unit for one hour. They were in The Country Fair and were eating hot chicken soup.com/photos/115327016@N06/1491 9880753/ ice shows opera houses . They want to enjoy this year because last year was a mess. They have two boys and a girl.com/photos/stuart_spivack/5972339502/ They were watching the fireworks but one was so close that they were deaf for two minutes. This year is different. They are planning it carefully. Poor Wanda!! She was crying all the night. They have a lot of choices: air shows art galleries ballet recitals beauty pageants competitions concert halls concerts cultural events exhibitions festivals films fireworks shows https://www.1 ENTERTAINMENT AND EVENTS The Campbells are planning the weekend. Bill is 8 and Wanda is 6. 27 LESSON THREE THERE WAS A BUG IN MY SOUP! 3.flickr. Ronny is 10.

Example: Was there any soda in the fridge? Were there dogs and cats under your window? Was there an old big tree in front of your house? Were there many people at the concert? For negative sentences we use wasn’t or weren’t. Wanda loves animals and the boys want to see the giant panda and the polar bear. There was a lot of people in their old age who enjoyed the plays. 28 operas parades sports events stadiums theaters zoos https://www. 391056/ There weren’t lots of people at the conference. Example: There wasn’t any soda in the fridge. For questions we use was or were at the beginning. https://www. There weren’t any oranges in the dining room. The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Opera House was presenting three great operas: Macbeth by Giuseppe Verdi. There were many children playing in the park.3 LISTENING Last month was the opera season.com/photos/182aw/16720828268/ The whole family finally decides for the San Diego Zoo. They will enjoy! 3.com /photos/rkelland/2132 There wasn’t a restaurant on that corner. 3. There was an old house next to the Bank. There were some bricks under the ladder. . Tosca by Giacomo Puccini and Salome by Richard Strauss.flickr. Example: There was a puppet called Pinocchio. There were whole families enjoying the plays.2 THERE WAS AND THERE WERE In the past tense we use there was and there were. Drama students were able to talk with the main characters after the plays.flickr. There was a great attendance during that season.

MISS PENN: That’s __________________. MISS PENN: Why _________________ so much? Do you like tragedies? MRS. JONES: Oh. ___________ a helicopter and a train. dear.flickr.com/photos/avatar-1/2307747292/ 1. https://www. ___________ an ambulance in front of the cinema yesterday. 29 https://www. Jones.com/photos/clubtransatlantico/8158327383/ MR. ___________ two boats on the sea last night. 3. MR. JONES: Yes. ___________ was a great Shakespeare fan.flickr. It is a tradition. JONES: Yes. Macbeth is ______________! This play was really great! MISS PENN: I’m glad to know that. _____________ love at first sight! 3. JONES: Yes. This is _____________ I see Macbeth. ___________ a big apple on the boy’s head. 4. MR. MRS.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. ____________ a lot of people at the stadium. ____________ our tenth. but especially if they play Macbeth. But why Macbeth? MRS. ____________ every season. Yesterday. I saw that movie. 2. 5. JONES: Not really. JONES: ________________ in law was in a Macbeth play when he met his wife. . Complete the sentences with: there was – there were. Mr. MR. JONES: Oh.

There was a ghost in the house. _____________________________________________________________ 7. Shell at 4:00 this afternoon. ___________ a van full of children in front of the bookstore. Change the sentences in part A into negative. _____________________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________________ 6. _____________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________ 2. There was a computer in the living room. There was a meeting with Mr. ___________ ten men changing dollars in Ocoña. 9. I’m tired because ____________ a party all night. 1. Change the following sentences into questions. There was a storm last night. _____________________________________________________________ 9. _____________________________________________________________ 7. There were twenty guests at the Hotel. 7. _____________________________________________________________ 4. There were five trees behind the house. There were rats in the garage. _____________________________________________________________ 2. 10. _____________________________________________________________ 8. There was a person fixing his car. _____________________________________________________________ C. ___________ three trucks and two cars in the street. How many people ___________ at the meeting yesterday? B. There were a lot of books on the shelves. _____________________________________________________________ 5. 8. 1. _____________________________________________________________ 8. oranges and peas in the fridge. 30 6. There were tomatoes. _____________________________________________________________ . _____________________________________________________________ 10. _____________________________________________________________ 6.

How many students are usually there? __________________________________________________________________ 6. ballet recitals recitales de ballet 8. Why were the students absent? __________________________________________________________________ 4. It was Friday and there was an important soccer game. accident accidente 3. The class was really bored. What a day! READING COMPREHENSION 1. art galleries galerías de arte 6. Othello and Hamlet by Shakespeare. _____________________________________________________________ 10. Was the class easy? __________________________________________________________________ 3. What was the class about? __________________________________________________________________ 8.6 VOCABULARY 1. air conditioner aire acondicionado 4. air shows espectáculos aéreos 5. attendance asistencia 7. 31 9. bucket balde . They were reading Macbeth. beauty pageants concursos de belleza 9. There were less than ten students in her class. but that day were only 6. How was the weather like? __________________________________________________________________ 7. Why was it a bad day? __________________________________________________________________ 3. The sun was shining but there wasn’t any air conditioner. bored aburrida(o) 10. absent ausente 2.5 READING Yesterday. It was very difficult for the students to read. How was Ann’s day? __________________________________________________________________ 2. It was a very hot day. How many students were there? __________________________________________________________________ 5. was a bad day for Ann. _____________________________________________________________ 3. There are usually twenty five students in her class.

storm tormenta 50. play interpretar. representación 42. caos. concert halls salas de conciertos 15. stadiums estadios 49. films películas 25. obra 43. soccer game partido de fútbol 47. teatros de ópera 37. sun sol 51. deaf sordo 19. concerts conciertos 16. ghost fantasma 29. repisas 45. desorden 34. on sale en oferta 36. en el exterior 40. puppet marioneta. fireworks fuegos artificiales 26. easy fácil 20. zoos zoológicos ACTIVITY Click the following link and do the Quiz for: there is. fridge refrigerador. huésped 30. there was. competitions competencias 14. insecto 12. cultural events eventos culturales 17. weather clima 54. ladder escalera de mano 32. bug bicho. shelves anaqueles. there were http://www.learnamericanenglishonline. choices elecciones 18. parades desfiles 41. operas óperas 39. opera houses salas de ópera.com/Blue%20Level/Blue_Level_Quiz_12_there_be. guest invitado. títere 44. festivals festivales 24. sports events eventos deportivos 48. father in law suegro 23. opera season temporada de ópera 38. close cerca 13. 32 11. outside afuera. ice shows espectáculos sobre hielo 31. shinning brillando 46. mess lío. first sight primera vista 27. exhibitions exhibiciones 22. interpretación. less menos 33. theaters teatros 52. nevera 28. old age tercera edad 35.html . tragedies tragedias 53. there are. emergency emergencia 21. performing actuación.

Whose dress is the most beautiful today? (Camila’s) ______________________________________________________________ 10. Who performs the best blueprints in the company? (Harry Hughes) ______________________________________________________________ 6. ____________ a lot of people in the Bank. ______________ a bird on my window. Who took my handbag? (the thief) ______________________________________________________________ 5. 7. 9. Who studied for the exam? (some students) ______________________________________________________________ 3. B. 4. Whose car is this? (the teacher’s) ______________________________________________________________ 7. ____________ a lot of dirty dishes in the sink. Choose the correct answer: there was / there were 1. ____________ cookies for tea time yesterday. Whose sister is the most attractive? (Valerie’s) ______________________________________________________________ 9. 3. ____________ a rainy day. 8. Whose baby is crying? (my) ______________________________________________________________ 8. 6. Who won the football match? (Spain) ______________________________________________________________ 4. 1. Answer the following questions. ____________ a fish in the cat’s bowl. 10. Yesterday. ____________ chocolates and candies for the children. I thought _______________ some sodas on the table. ____________ an actor called Robert Wagner. 2. Who is at the door? (Bobby) ______________________________________________________________ 2. 33 ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A. Whose leg was injured in the car crash? (Richard’s) ______________________________________________________________ . ____________ a thief behind Laura. 5.

New York. Norman.com/gramatica_inglesa/verbs/thereis_ej5.php http://www. there were http://www.com/vocabulary/movies.agendaweb.html https://www.org/grammar/there-was-there-were-exercises.org/makeagame/viewgame. Gran Bretaña.myenglishpages. Cambridge.english-at-home.html http://www. there are.tolearnenglish. Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead.englishclub. Elementary.com/site_php_files/vocabulary-lesson- entertainment.de/vocabulary/entertainment. Cambridge.com/vocabulary/entertainment/ There is. Oxford.php http://www. Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. H. OUP • Gardner Ian y otros (2004) Style 1.asp?id=5211 BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES • Coe. Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. Macmillan Publishers Limited • Jones-Macziola.asp?id=3008 http://www.englishexercises. Cambridge University Press • Seligson Paul (2012) Essential American English 2.htm http://www.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english- 21392.englishexercises. Cambridge University Press • Mitchell. there was. • Murphy. Richmond Publishing. Q. MM Publications. 3° Ed.vitutor. . Oxford.html http://www. 34 ON-LINE EXPLORING Entertainment and events http://www. (2009) Traveller Beginners.org/makeagame/viewgame.learnenglish.

tgnioht _____________________________ 6. dapares _____________________________ 8. Mollie ________ in her office at 12:30 p. GRAMMAR: (5 points) Complete the sentences with the present tense: 1. (go) 2. (feel) 10. rsewrikfo _____________________________ 7. Mr. (study) 4.m. gbu _____________________________ 9. sinono _____________________________ 2. VOCABULARY: (5 points) Unscramble the letters 1. Sullivan ________ sick today. (ask) 9. These girls _______ with their teacher. David and Don ________ to work every day. shpci _____________________________ 3. 35 SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT ONE DATE: __________________________ GRADE: NAME: __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ A. The policeman _______ who is Ben. The students ________ English everyday. ruktye _____________________________ . (buy) 8. (read) 7. _____ Ursula __________ at school today? (teach) 6. (eat) 3. nobca _____________________________ 4. yheno _____________________________ 10. Frank ________ to Mexico. (run) B. _____ you ________ to take a walk at the park? (want) 5. That man _______ bread every morning. blam _____________________________ 5.

There were many discos and he was always there. He was taller than his friends. What did he like to do? ____________________________________________________________________ 5. He was always smiling and giving thanks. He was so cute! When he was 12 he was thin and tall. Whose class do you attend? _______________________________________________________________ Total 20 points. When Jim was a little boy he was very nice. Where was always Jim when he was 26? ____________________________________________________________________ D. 36 C. Is there a window in your class? _______________________________________________________________ 2. When he was 26 he was tall and fit. How was he when he was 12? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. He was in love with all the girls. COMPREHENSION: (5 points) Answer the following questions. Were there many exams yesterday? _______________________________________________________________ 5. . 1. READING: (5 points) Read the text and answer the questions below. Who was Jim? ____________________________________________________________________ 2. He was asking for permission and saying “hello” and “good bye”. 1. There were “Packman” games and he was playing all day long. Where you in English I last semester? _______________________________________________________________ 3. Who is there in the class? _______________________________________________________________ 4. What did he do when he was a little boy? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. He was always watching TV. He was handsome and nice.

2.2 Ask and answer in the past tense. understand and produce small texts. 2. . 2. 37 UNIT TWO MY PAST SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to: 2.4 Describe past events. music and shopping. Working in oral and written essays prepared in groups. using the simple past and identifying regular and irregular verbs. This Unit has the purpose to identify.3 Talk about food.1 Distinguish between regular and irregular verbs.

In fact.com/photos/miracosta_college/14059717480/ immigrate learn to walk leave home leave school move house pass away (die) pass your exams raise a family rent a house retirement . He was born in 1969. When Mark was born his parents were very happy. there was no date they didn’t celebrate. Such as: anniversary be born be pregnant become parents buy a house fall in love first day at get a job get engaged get married get promoted get sick go to college graduation grow up have a baby https://www. There were three boys and seven girls. They celebrated everything. They married in Chester Ville but lived in Graceland. It was a big family. The best time were the celebrations. His editor needs some information about his past to write a short biography.1 LIFE EVENTS Mark Anderson writes books. Mark is in front of his computer thinking about it.flickr. His parents were Milton and Sarah Anderson. When Sarah was pregnant she was always hungry. 38 LESSON FOUR WHO HAD AN ACCIDENT? 4.

study studied studied hurry hurried hurried marry married married carry carried carried .2 PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS 672844/ Past tense verbs are divided in two groups: regular and irregular. But. What will he omit? https://www.flickr. look looked looked wash washed washed cook cooked cooked talk talked talked need needed needed Example: Mrs. Hook washed all our clothes yesterday. Add –d when the verb ends in -e. Scott fired his secretary. If the verb ends in –y change it for –ied. Tracy hired a gardener for her mother. Add –ed when the verb ends in a consonant sound. The painter needed more money to buy more paint. So he has a lot to write about.com/ph otos/46378785@N07/4266 4. I cooked last night for today. Here are some rules. Andy talked about his first day at school. His editor asked only ten lines. it is too much. Infinitive Past Past Participle like liked liked hire hired hired fire fired fired live lived lived dance danced danced Example: Samantha lived in London ten years ago. The children liked the show. 39 take a vacation travel wedding Mark’s life wasn’t boring at all. Regular verbs require to add the suffix -d or –ed to the main verb to form the simple past and the past participle.

stop stopped stopped plan planned planned prefer preferred preferred permit permitted permitted regret regretted regretted can canned canned Example: The bus stopped in front of the restaurant. 40 worry worried worried Example: Peter married Molly and Joe last year. x). It is the same for every subject. . Jonathan carried the big boxes to the truck. sh. My dog wanted a bone. My mother worried for my father when he was in Vietnam. h. The engineer visited the building last week. 4. then the –ed is pronounced /t/. then the –ed is pronounced /id/. The verb does not change in affirmative sentences. She worked late last Friday. If it is a two syllable verb you just duplicate the last consonant when the last syllable is stressed. p. k. Doris and Gary hurried to buy the tickets for the show. The first is when the verb in the infinitive ends in –d or in –t sound. If the verb ends in a stress vowel + a consonant the last consonant is duplicated and added –ed to it. Ralph regretted to have asked Mary some help. There are three basic rules to follow. Example: We studied English yesterday. The man permitted his dog to eat at the table.3 –ED PRONUNCIATION The past regular verb ending -ed is not pronounced the same in every regular verb. My grandmother canned her soup. Example: want wanted /wóntid/ need needed /níydid/ wait waited /wéytid/ fold folded /fóldid/ hate hated /jéytid/ decide decided /disáydid/ The second rule is when the verb in infinitive ends in a voiceless sound (s. f. ch.

Mr. The engineer didn’t visit the building last week. (need) 5. l. (talk) 4. w. The use of this auxiliary makes the verb change into the infinitive. (live) 2. z) then the –ed is pronounced /d/. g. r. Example: Did you study English yesterday? Did she work late last Friday? Did the engineer visit the building last week? Did the dog want a bone? We use the auxiliary didn’t (did not) for the negative and the verb https://www. The children _________ the bird’s tail. She didn’t work late last Friday. n.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. Harry __________ to the workers about the new building. /photos/brunkfordbrau n/6999401588/ Example: You didn’t study English yesterday. Complete the sentences with the verb in the simple past. Clark __________ about the bricks. j. m. (paint) 8. y. Jane and Susan __________ for a job last week. (worry) 6. The dog didn’t want a bone. Mr.com changes into the infinitive. (name) . (look) 7.flickr. 1. We _________ the little cat “Pussy”.4 PAST SIMPLE QUESTIONS When we want to ask a question we need the auxiliary did. (hire) 3. 4. The workers __________ more bricks to work faster. We __________ in Barranco last year. v. Example: rob robbed /robd/ arrange arranged /arrényd/ call called /cóld/ claim claimed /kléymd/ can canned /kand/ register registered /réyisterd/ move moved /muvd/ play played /pleyd/ buzz buzzed /bazd/ crow crowed /cróud/ 4. Clark ___________ an engineer named Harry Hughes. 41 Example: look looked /lúkt/ stop stopped /stopt/ wash washed /wosht/ reach reached /ríycht/ crunch crunched /cráncht/ kiss kissed /kist/ laugh laughed /laft/ tax taxed /taxt/ The third is if the verb in infinitive ends in a voiced sound (b.

(walk) 4. (marry) 7. (want) 10. They were there for a week when they decided to go horseback riding. Smith _________________ Harry from the office. ___________________________________________________________ C. ___________________________________________________________ 7. ___________________________________________________________ 5. They enjoyed the walk when Sally’s horse stepped on a hole and fell down. 1. Brenda liked the idea and accepted to go. ___________________________________________________________ 6. 1. ___________________________________________________________ 3. (clean) 8. (call) B. . (wash) 6. fishing and hiking. Paul _________________ his football shirt. Mrs. Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb in negative. ___________________________________________________________ 9. They lodged in a cabin and practiced cycling. She wanted some outdoor activities for the vacations. ___________________________________________________________ 4. Brenda was the first to choose her horse. (like) 2. Doris Day _________________ with Gene Kelly. (call) 3. The children ____________________ under the rain yesterday. My mother _________________ this chicken. She planned a trip to the Rocky Mountain National Park. Sally decided to ride on a white mare. The policeman ____________________ the thief. They _________ to visit us yesterday. They watched the landscape and visited the surroundings. Sally fell down too.6 READING Brenda cleaned her house. ___________________________________________________________ 2. Robert __________ a doctor yesterday. It was a beautiful black stallion. I __________________ on my sweater last night. ___________________________________________________________ 8. Sandra __________________ Peter in August. (dance) 4. Tina and Ted _______________ fruit and vegetables. 42 9. ___________________________________________________________ 10. You __________________ any present for the party. washed her clothes and cooked when Sally called. (need) 9. Change the sentences in part A into questions. (cook) 5. Brenda called for help. (catch) 10.

TECHNICIAN: No it isn’t necessary. Which horse stepped on the hole? _______________________________________________________________ . But you will have to rest for a couple of days. He looks well.com/photos/ santamonicamtns/15475170378/ SALLY: Ouch! TECHNICIAN: Sorry. SALLY: Yes. BRENDA: Who knows. What did Sally do? _______________________________________________________________ 3. No it isn’t too bad. I fell down from the horse. ja. SALLY: And I’m Sally. READING COMPREHENSION: 1. SALLY: Or a massage! TECHNICIAN: Ja. BRENDA: Does she need any other thing? SALLY: Maybe you have to come back to see me again. What did Brenda do at home? _______________________________________________________________ 2. 43 TECHNICIAN: Who had an accident? BRENDA: Here. SALLY: At least he can walk. What did Sally want for her vacations? _______________________________________________________________ 4. When did they decide to go horseback riding? _______________________________________________________________ 6. maybe she needs extra medicine for the pain. My name is Bob. not at all. sorry. ja. TECHNICIAN: Don’t you know how to ride a horse? BRENDA: Yes. BRENDA: My name is Brenda. my friend Sally. Did Brenda refuse the invitation? _______________________________________________________________ 5. But the horse stepped in a hole and fell. TECHNICIAN: Oh. TECHNICIAN: That’s good. BRENDA: Is she bad? https://www. TECHNICIAN: Nice to meet you girls. See you. And how is the horse? BRENDA: It is alright.flickr. No. SALLY: I do. she does.

________________ 18. What did the girls want? _______________________________________________________________ LISTENING: Listen carefully and write down the regular verbs and the endings you hear. carry llevar 10. fire despedir 21. crow alardear. crunch mascar. ________________ 11. college universidad. editor editor(a) 18. ________________ 2. hacer crujir 15. biography biografía 5. get engaged comprometerse 24. become llegar a ser 4. ________________ 8. buzz zumbar 7. fold plegar. ________________ 4. ________________ 12. ________________ 3. ________________ 14. ________________ 17. poder 9. cook cocinar 12. Who was the technician? _______________________________________________________________ 8. ________________ 15. facultad.7 VOCABULARY 1. die morir 17. escuela profesional. dance bailar 16. ________________ 16. couple par 13. ________________ 10. ________________ 9. ________________ 19. fall in love enamorarse 19. get a job conseguir un trabajo 23. boring aburrida(o) 6. can enlatar. instituto 11. ________________ 13. get married casarse . doblar 22. jactarse 14. cabin cabaña 8. fell down se cayó 20. ________________ 4. ________________ 7. ago hace (tanto tiempo) 2. be born nacer 3. ________________ 6. ________________ 20. 1. 44 7. ________________ 5.

permit permitir 55. educar a los hijos 59. 45 25. graduation graduación 28. surroundings alrededores 70. stop parar 67. have a baby tener un bebé 31. landscape paisaje 37. massage masaje 47. learn aprender 39. raise a family formar una familia. outdoor al aire libre 51. lodged alojaron 44. encinta 58. omit omitir 50. grow up crecer 29. like gustar 42. need necesitar 49. hate odiar 30. in fact de hecho 36. pain dolor 52. talk hablar 72. immigrate inmigrar 35. jubilación 64. rent a house alquilar una casa 63. prefer preferir 57. study estudiar 68. leave home irse de casa 40. parents padres 53. pass away morir 54. pregnant embarazada. reach alcanzar. take a vacation tomarse unas vacaciones 71. regret arrepentir 62. retirement retiro. such as tal como 69. hurry apurar 34. plan planear 56. stepped pisó 66. llegar 60. hole hueco 33. get sick enfermarse 27. live vivir 43. move house mudarse de casa 48. tax gravar (impuestos) . marry casar(se) 46. laugh reir. leave school acabar sus estudios 41. refuse rechazar 61. hire emplear. look mirar 45. reirse 38. get promoted ser ascendido(a) 26. rob robar 65. contratar 32.

wedding boda . wash lavar 77. paseo 76. walk caminar. travel viajar 74. trip viaje 75. 46 73.

47 ON LINE EXPLORING Past Simple regular verbs https://en.youtube.com/watch?v=QlZXd-m6Pdw https://www.youtube.htm Ed pronunciation http://www.com/vocabulary/regular-verbs-list.islcollective.cl/english/pronunciation-ed.htm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j32SurxnE4s https://www.readingesl.youtube.britishcouncil.ca/grammar/past.com/watch?v=-sGWj_q0fpQ .englishclub.grammar.com/how-to-pronounce-ed.html http://www.com/watch?v=-_WYJClELoc https://www.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/past-simple-regular-verbs https://www.htm#story3 http://learnenglishteens.com/resources/printables/worksheets_doc_docx/past_si mple_regular_verbs_reading/past-simple-london/16165 http://www.perfect-english-grammar.

It was the era of Mozart and Haydn.flickr. Ravel’s ‘Bolero’ is an excellent example of it. Therefore there are many types of music. such as: • blues • country • electronic • folk • heavy metal • hip hop • jazz • latin • opera • pop • rap • reggae • rock https://www. Some styles are: • Baroque style • Classical style • Romantic style • Modern style Baroque music was composed about four hundred years ago. which one do you prefer? . 48 LESSON FIVE MUSIC STYLES 5.1 TYPES OF MUSIC People have different preferences in music styles. Classical music came later. The twentieth century arose with modern music. During the second half of the 18th century Romantic music dominated in Germany. But you can still listen to it in operas and theaters. Here we can find different types.com/photos/kathmandu/65964534/ • techno • waltz Probably your grandparents danced the waltz or jazz and enjoyed listening classical music. It was composed in the period from 1750 to 1820. And you.

49 https://www. So.2 PAST SIMPLE IRREGULAR VERBS Irregular verbs are those that do not follow any rule to be written in the past tense. Example: Infinitive Past Past Participle bet bet bet put put put cost cost cost cut cut cut fit fit fit quit quit quit The second group is of those verbs that are the same in the simple past and in the past participle. they have to be learned by heart. they can be grouped as to ease their study.flickr.com/photos/arrogant/534114078/ 5. They only change in the simple past tense. . there is no need to add –ed at the end of the verb. Therefore. Example: bring brought brought build built built buy bought bought burn burnt/burned burnt/burned catch caught caught have had had make made made The third group is of those verbs that are the same only in the infinitive and the past participle. The first group is of those verbs that do not change in any tense. Even though.

1. a) were b) is c) are d) was .) Example: Did the teacher have a big poster in the classroom? Did Harry eat a big pizza last night? Did you do the English exam? Silvia didn’t go to work yesterday Mr. 50 Example: come came come run ran run become became become wed wedded wed overcome overcame overcome A fourth group is of those verbs that change completely in every tense.3 QUESTIONS AND NEGATIVE Irregular verbs follow the same rules as the regular verbs to change into the question or negative forms. Cash didn’t write this letter. Harry _________ Mr. a) begin b) begun c) began d) begen 2. Example: do did done eat ate eaten drink drank drunk see saw seen go went gone write wrote written 5.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. The children didn’t drink soda on Sunday. Clark employee. Estella __________ to study at the University in 2009. 5. (Except the verb To Be we have already learned. Choose the correct verb in the past tense.

a) worked b) didn’t cook c) didn’t work d) cooked 5. 51 3. __________ Caroline study at the University? a) do b) did c) was d) were 4. Clark. a) built b) didn’t build c) drank d) didn’t drank 7. Our computers didn’t work. a) cut b) talked c) collapsed d) needed 6. Harry __________ as a technician for Mr. The electrician _____________ all the electrical system. The IT engineer _______________ the bridge. ________ the field engineer in the meeting yesterday? a) was b) were c) be d) been 9. a) needed b) became c) ran d) overcame . We ___________ the systems engineer here. a) ate b) saw c) wrote d) went 8. Sandra and Patty _____________ Vera an e-mail.

The doctor found two nurses to help in the hospital. Mr. 52 10. The secretary made some appointments for Mr. Clark had a meeting. The dog ate the bone in the garden. 1. ____________________________________________________________ 4. ____________________________________________________________ 3. Harry went to work by car yesterday. Green. ____________________________________________________________ 2. The Principal was in a meeting with the Dean. ____________________________________________________________ 3. The city needed a new highway. ____________________________________________________________ 10. ____________________________________________________________ 5. ____________________________________________________________ 2. a) burnt b) caught c) brought d) bought B. The little boy carried his bag with difficulty. We studied engineering at the California University. The architect. ____________________________________________________________ 4. They married in Cali in 1975. ____________________________________________________________ . ____________________________________________________________ C. ____________________________________________________________ 8. Change the sentences into negative form. My mother worried about my father because he was late. The Director ___________ the secretary sleeping in the job. ____________________________________________________________ 9. My father hurried home because it was late. ____________________________________________________________ 7. the engineer and Mr. Clark traveled to London last year. ____________________________________________________________ 6. We bought a new table last week. Change the following sentences into questions. 1.

Eating just soup and tea! https://www. Tim liked to play tennis when he was a child. Something happened and everybody tells me that I look great! I lost five kilos but they don’t know how. ____________________________________________________________ 6. It was great! So I decided to continue with the same diet for ten more days. ____________________________________________________________ 5.com/photos/julietbanana/4021588090 I read the newspaper everyday (something I don’t have the time for) and I watched TV until I fell asleep. I waited for you three hours at the cafeteria. They drank ten bottles of beer in an hour. 53 5. What a great mistake! That night was so cold that I froze. And soon I got bored. The results: lost five kilos.5 READING My name is Kim. I had the nacho with a frozen lemonade. But I missed work. Sheila was at work during the earthquake. I’m not very fat but I needed to lose some weight. When I came home I felt so bad that I couldn’t sleep. The children visited their grandparents last Sunday. What will I do? . ____________________________________________________________ 10. But now I feel weak and the doctor said that I have to eat more and better. I woke up with a sore throat and had high fever. It began three weeks ago when somebody invited me a nacho. After those three days I lost two kilos. ____________________________________________________________ 9. I could wake up any time and sleep late until I felt better. I laid in bed for three days. My mother came to visit me and stayed for the weekend. ____________________________________________________________ 7.flickr. ____________________________________________________________ 8. The teacher had a laptop on her desk last week. She made me some chicken soup and hot liquids.

Which were her symptoms? ________________________________________________________________ 4. When did Kim begin to lose weight? ________________________________________________________________ 2. ____________. _________ I grew __________ fell _____________ I ______________ sweetheart what lies ahead. What did she do when she was sick? ________________________________________________________________ 6. __________. Que sera. sera. How did she sleep that night? ________________________________________________________________ 3. Will we have rainbows. Whatever will be. Whatever ____________. sera What __________. ___________________? Here’s ______________ sweetheart said: Que sera.youtube. sera .6 LISTENING Listen to the following song and complete the information from: https://www. What did the doctor say? ________________________________________________________________ 5. The future ________________ to see. What was her diet? ________________________________________________________________ 5. sera. will be.com/watch?v=CcWbZUgymkw When _________ just a _______________ I _____________________: what will I be? Will _________ pretty? Will _________ rich? Here’s _________________ to me: Que sera. How many days was she on a diet? ________________________________________________________________ 7. The future __________________ to see. Que sera. 54 READING COMPREHENSION 1.

sera. 55 What ____________. _____________. Que será. cost costar 16. será What ____________. Whatever _____________. buy comprar 11.7 VOCABULARY 1. bring traer 8. arose surgió. build construir 9. _____________. Baroque Barroco 4.com/photos/7477245@N05/7522821558/ 5. catch atrapar. come venir 15. become llegara a ser 5. resultó 2. Now I have _______________________ own They _____________________: what will I be? Will I __________________? Will I _________________? I tell them tenderly: Que sera. cut cortar 17. bet apostar 7.flickr. The future __________________ to see. burn quemar 10. será https://www. ____________. asleep dormida(o) 3. Classical Clásico 14. coger 13. began empezó 6. Que será. diet dieta . by heart de memoria 12.

symptoms síntomas 51. eat comer 22. so bad tan mal 44. Germany Alemania 26. still todavía. do hacer (con la mente) 19. sore throat dolor de garganta 47. overcome sobrellevar 35. wed casarse 55. tenderly tiernamente 52. aún 48. missed extrañaba. high fever fiebre alta 29. tomar 21. 56 18. amorcito 50. have tener 28. whatever lo que sea . sleep late dormir hasta tarde 43. style estilo 49. sintió 23. Modern Moderna 34. therefore por lo tanto 53. weight peso 56. go ir 27. see ver 42. something algo 46. sweetheart amor. lose perder 31. weak débil 54. laid eché. run correr 40. dominated dominada 20. fit encajar 24. felt sentí. echado 30. preferences preferencias 36. make hacer (con la mano) 32. said dijo 41. froze congelé 25. put poner 37. extrañé 33. quit renunciar 38. drink beber. somebody alguien 45. Romantic Romántica 39.

com/resources/vocabulary-general-english/english-irregular- verbs https://es.uvic.pdf http://learnenglishteens.ca/elc/studyzone/200/reading/smicat1.youtube.youtube.htm https://www.com/watch?v=XEfqj6J5cBQ https://www.com/watch?v=pj8dWXOCdQU https://www.htm http://learnenglishteens.youtube.scribd.chompchomp.com/rules/irregularrules01. 57 ON LINE EXPLORING Past irregular verbs http://speakspeak.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/past-simple-irregular-verbs http://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/teens/files/gs_past_simple_- _irregular_verbs_1.britishcouncil.com/doc/42342249/PAST-SIMPLE-Reading-Exercise http://web2.uvcs.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/past-simple-irregular-verbs https://learnenglishteens.com/watch?v=nIpQLOPrg6E .

Among the clothing it sells we have: belt /bélt/ blouse /bláus/ boots /búts/ bra /bró/ cap /káp/ coat /kóut/ drawers /drówers/ dress /drés/ handbag /jándbag/ hat /ját/ jacket /yáket/ jeans /dshíns/ pants /pánts/ pullover /pulóver/ scarf /skárf/ shirt /shért/ shoes /shús/ shorts /shórts/ skirt /skirt/ socks /sóks/ stockings /stókins/ suit /sút/ https://www. People love to go shopping but it is better if it is for clothes. Latvia. H&M opened in 1947 as a women’s clothing store in Sweden. but when did they started? There’s a story behind every family and there is no exception in old stores. Bulgaria. Example: Marie made a cake last night. It soon grew and opened stores in the US. and fishing equipment store called Mauritz Widforss. Tokyo. Finland. Shanghai. Clothing stores are very popular now-a-days.1 CLOTHES Shopping is sometimes took as a therapy. In 1968 bought a hunting. other countries and through the internet. Singapore. In 1952 opened a branch in Stockholm and in 1964 opened its first store outside in Norway. Chile. Croatia. Russia.QUESTIONS IN THE PAST To ask past information we use the verb to be or the auxiliary did in case of other verbs. Turkey. What did Marie do last night? When did she make a cake? Who made a cake last night? . Malaysia. Hong Kong. Mexico. It was originally called Hennes.com/photos/cleanwa lmart/381471088 sweater /suéter/ tie /táy/ t-shirt /tíshert/ underwear /ánderwer/ 6. Romania.2 WH. South Korea. Since then its name changed to Hennes and Mauritz (H&M).flickr. Here is a little about the history of H&M. 58 LESSON SIX IT’S TIME FOR SHOPPING! 6.

yesterday? Because I had to cook 20 pizzas for my boy’s class.3 OTHER WH-QUESTIONS There are other wh-questions used in frequent speech. Who was in a meeting at 6 o’clock last Monday? When was the engineer in a meeting at 6 o’clock? What was the engineer doing at 6 o’clock last Monday? Robert danced at Rita’s party with Angie. If the question is why. degree. Example: Why did you get up at 5 a. What did he do at Rita’s party? Who danced at Rita’s party with Angie? Where did he dance with Angie? Anthony sang last night because it was his parent’s anniversary. Example: How long did you stay with the doctor? How many computers did you need? How often did you visited Mary? How much did it cost? Another wh-question is Which.m. Example: How did you do it? How was the machine operating? How weak did you feel? How did you get there? How can be also combined to form other questions asking for information. Example: Which book was that? Which sandwich did you choose? Which dress did you like best? Which color was your last car? . Why did the teacher take another exam? Because only two out of fifteen students approved the exam. Clark wanted to see the blueprints. Why did I fail the course? Because you were playing Pokemon Go all the weekend! Another wh-question is How. Why did Anthony sing last night? Whose anniversary was it? What did Anthony do last night? 6. then you must explain your answer and begin with because. It asks for a choice. Why were the papers under the desk? Because Mr. condition. or means. 59 The engineer was in a meeting at 6 o’clock last Monday. It asks for manner.

________________________________________________________________ 9. What was behind the house? (A snake) ________________________________________________________________ . The accident occurred at 3. Mrs. Make questions from the following sentences. Many people bought the new cellphone. ________________________________________________________________ 4. When did Keith call Fred? (yesterday) ________________________________________________________________ 4.20 a. 1. Wilmington is in Delaware. ________________________________________________________________ 5. ________________________________________________________________ 10. ________________________________________________________________ 8. Answer the following questions. ________________________________________________________________ 7. Why did Ernest break up with Sally? (She was too stubborn. ________________________________________________________________ 3. Romeo was in love with Juliet. Where did you leave the car? (Two blocks away. Janet planned all the party alone. How did Hellen get home? (by bus) _____________________________________:__________________________ 2. My vacations were in June.) ________________________________________________________________ 5.m. 60 6.) ________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________ 2. The children were fighting for the new toys.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. 1. ________________________________________________________________ 6. The Dean spoke Swedish during the Congress. A truck fell on its side causing traffic congestion. Klein called at 3:30. Who wrote ‘Tom Sawyer’? (Mark Twain) ________________________________________________________________ 6. ________________________________________________________________ B.

How long did you wait for Camille? (Two hours) ________________________________________________________________ 9. 61 7. Which English do you prefer? American or British? ________________________________________________________________ 2. How did you call your father when you were little? ________________________________________________________________ 6. but he was considered the richest man in the world. How often did you visit your grandparents? ________________________________________________________________ 6. He did not attend any of the famous Greek Schools of his time. but he was called ‘teacher’ by thousands. When were you born? ________________________________________________________________ 4.5 READING There was a man who lived 2. 1.000 years ago.) ________________________________________________________________ 8. Why do you study English? ________________________________________________________________ 10. He did not have things of his own. Why was Pete so angry? (The papers were not ready. How often did you have a test? (Every month) ________________________________________________________________ C. Where did you live when you were five? ________________________________________________________________ 5. Which car did he take to go to the Faculty? (The subway) ________________________________________________________________ 10. Who helped you with your homework when you were seven? ________________________________________________________________ 8. his teachings influenced millions and still do now. Who was this man? Did he really exist? . Why do you prefer it? ________________________________________________________________ 3. Give additional information about yourself. What did you like to play when you were ten? ________________________________________________________________ 7. Indeed. How many brothers and sisters do you have? ________________________________________________________________ 9. He was not rich.

com/photos/ teacher ever? moregoodfoundation/6181428 039/ READING COMPREHENSION 1. The people who heard his words were poor and humble. What does gospel mean? ________________________________________________________________ 8. Everyone was able to understand. How did thousands call him? ________________________________________________________________ 4. Give an example of daily life that Jesus used. ________________________________________________________________ . His teachings and acts were recorded in the Bible in four Gospels written by: Matthew. a paradise. Why was he considered the richest man in the world? ________________________________________________________________ 3. So the words he used were simple but full of meaning. How long did his teachings influence people? ________________________________________________________________ 5. Who lived two thousand years ago? ________________________________________________________________ 2.flickr. Who wrote the Gospels? ________________________________________________________________ 7. peace and a direct relationship with God. Or when he talked about the good tree and the rotten tree. Where are his teachings and acts recorded? ________________________________________________________________ 6. 62 This man was Jesus Christ. How did he explain things? ________________________________________________________________ 10. They considered good news because Jesus by his death gave mankind the opportunity to recover what Adan and Eve lost: perfection. He also helped people understand his teachings by giving examples of daily life. They wrote the gospel or good news about Jesus. Wasn’t he the best https://www. Why did they consider Jesus good news? ________________________________________________________________ 9. Like when he talk about the broad road and the narrow road. He was the richest man in knowledge. Luke and John. Mark. His teachings were written in common Greek and part in Hebrew.

63

6.6 VOCABULARY

1. acts obras, hechos
2. Adan Adán
3. alone sola(o)
4. among entre
5. attend asistir
6. because porque, debido a
7. belt correa
8. Bible Biblia
9. blouse blusa
10. boots botas
11. bra sostén, corpiño, brasier
12. branch sucursal
13. break up romper, separarse
14. broad ancho
15. cap gorra
16. coat saco
17. common común
18. congestion congestión
19. daily life vida diaria
20. drawers calzoncillos
21. dress vestido
22. equipment equipo
23. Eve Eva
24. fishing pesca
25. full lleno(a)(s)
26. God Dios
27. Gospels Evangelios
28. handbag cartera
29. hat sombrero
30. how long por cuánto tiempo
31. how often cuán a menudo
32. humble humilde
33. hunting caza
34. indeed en verdad, ciertamente
35. jacket casaca
36. jeans jeans
37. Jesus Christ Jesucristo
38. John Juan
39. knowledge conocimiento
40. Latvia Letonia
41. like como
42. Luke Lucas
43. mankind humanidad
44. Mark Marcos
45. Matthew Mateo
46. meaning significado
47. means medio, medios
48. narrow estrecho
49. Norway Noruega
50. own propio, de su propiedad
51. pants pantalones
52. paradise paraíso
53. peace paz

64

54. poor pobre
55. pullover chaleco(cerrado)
56. relationship relación
57. road camino
58. scarf chalina
59. shirt camisa
60. shoes zapatos
61. shorts short
62. simple sencillas(os), simples
63. since desde
64. skirt falda
65. socks calcetines
66. still todavía, aún
67. stockings medias
68. subway subterráneo, metro
69. suit terno
70. sweater chompa
71. teachings enseñanzas
72. therapy terapia
73. through a través de, mediante
74. tie corbata
75. traffic tráfico
76. T-shirt polo
77. Turkey Turquía
78. underwear ropa interior
79. which cuál
80. why por qué
81. words palabras
82. world mundo

ACTIVITY

1.- Read and make the exercises found in:
http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/reading-skills-practice/films-and-
entertainment

2.- Watch and listen for the conversation in a shopping

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/shopping-
clothes

65

ADDITIONAL EXERCISES

A. Complete the sentences with the verb in the simple past.

1. Anthony was driving his car when the policeman _____________ him. (stop)
2. Kelly was living in New Orleans when she __________ five. (be)
3. The people was dancing when the music ___________. (change)
4. Sam and Cindy were playing the piano when their mother _________. (come)
5. Taylor was running upstairs when he _________ down. (fall)
6. Mr. Wong was working when his son ______ an accident. (have)
7. Aladdin was cleaning the lamp when a genie ____________. (appear)
8. Cinderella was running downstairs when she _________ a shoe. (leave)
9. The man was taking a picture when the guide __________. (call)
10. We were watching a TV program when my father __________ to bed. (go)

B. Reading

When Harry was a boy, he lived in Denver, Colorado. He used to travel every day to
school by bus. The bus picked him up and took him to school. There were children of
other countries at school. There were from South Africa, Italy, Germany, Chile and Peru.
He was a very friendly boy. He became a good friend of Mario.
Mario was Peruvian. He spoke English and Spanish. Harry
learned Spanish from Mario. One day, Harry was playing in the
park when his mother called. Harry answered in Spanish: “¡Ya
voy!” His mother was very surprised that Harry spoke Spanish.
Where did he learn Spanish? Harry explained about his friend
Mario and soon became bilingual. https://www.flickr.com/photo
s/adeelanwer/6226703154/
1. Where did Harry live when he was a boy?
______________________________________________________________
2. How did he use to travel to school?
______________________________________________________________
3. Who were at school with Harry?
______________________________________________________________
4. Where were the children from?
______________________________________________________________
5. Who did Harry become a good friend?
______________________________________________________________
6. Why was his mother surprised?
______________________________________________________________

66

C. Choose the correct question word.
1. ________ car was in front of the building?
a) who
b) whose
c) when
d) what
2. __________ was Mary doing? She’s reading a book.
a) when
b) who
c) what
d) whose
3. __________ were the children coming from the park?
a) whose
b) what
c) who
d) when

4. __________ was knocking at the door?
a) when
b) whose
c) who
d) what

5. __________ called you after lunch?
a) who
b) what https://www.flickr.com/photos/provid
c) whose encedailydose/2261030312/

d) when

6. _________ were you reading?
a) when
b) whose
c) what
d) who
7. ___________ did the baby sleep?
a) when
b) who
c) whose
d) what

___________ book was that on the table? a) where b) whose c) what d) who . 67 8. _________ did Harry go on vacations? a) who b) where c) what d) whose 10. __________ class was this? a) who b) where c) whose d) when 9.

youtube. OUP • Eastwood. Oxford University Press.com/watch?v=aqMpREQdnCY BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES • Coe.about.perfect-english-grammar.com/watch?v=KiNUkRPOpQY https://www.examenglish. 68 ON-LINE EXPLORING Wh.html http://www.php http://esl.myenglishpages.php http://www.html http://www. New York. Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. .us/learnenglishgrammar03. H.com/library/grammar/blgr_how. John (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. • Gardner Ian y otros (2004) Style 1. MM Publications. Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar.org/grammar/past_tense/past_simple_quests2.youtube. Cambridge University Press • Seligson Paul (2012) Essential American English 2. Richmond Publishing.html#Simple_Past https://en. Norman. Cambridge.questions http://www.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english- 26551. Macmillan Publishers Limited • Jones-Macziola. Gran Bretaña.htm http://www.com/english-grammar-tenses. 3° Ed.tolearnenglish. Elementary. Intermediate. Oxford.com/resources/search_result?Tags=reading+comprehensi on https://www.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-wh- questions. • Murphy.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/form3. Oxford.cl/Notes/Question_Words.com/grammar/A2_How_questions.really-learn-english. Cambridge.grammar. Q.html http://www. Cambridge University Press • Mitchell.com/past-simple-exercise-6.islcollective. (2009) Traveller Beginners. New York.htm http://www.adelescorner.htm Readings in different tenses http://www. Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead.htm http://teacherjoe.

READING: (5 points) Read the text and answer the questions below. He believed that the world was round and to prove this he had to travel around it. I gave her a golden fish for our first ________________ but soon it ________________. She was so sad that she broke up with me! C. 69 SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT TWO DATE: __________________________ GRADE: NAME: __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ A. buy _______________ 5. Nobody believed him. write _______________ 10. read _______________ 7. So he went to Spain to ask for help. record _______________ 9. come _______________ 6. GRAMMAR: (5 points) Complete the past tense of these verbs. He almost die on his first trip to the Atlantic Ocean in 1476. Who was Christopher Columbus? ____________________________________________________________________ . I ran out and crashed with her who gave me her ______________ to cover myself. eat _______________ 3. Soon he left Spain in the Santa Maria with the Pinta and the Niña. is _______________ B. After three months we _______________ and celebrated dancing a ____________. 1. I remember that the radio was playing a nice _____________ song. play _______________ 8. I was playing ______________ and my friends left me out of the room all wet with only my ____________ and _____________. But his greatest expedition was the one where he discovered the ‘New World’. 1. He was born in 1451 in Genoa. It’s her favorite. This opened the chance to Europe to colonize America. do _______________ 4. Italy. I would never forget. look _______________ 2. VOCABULARY (5 points) Fill in the blanks with the correct word in the correct tense: fall in love reggae drawers get engaged Carnivals scarf T-shirt waltz pass away anniversary The first day I met Rose I _______________with her. Christopher Columbus was a famed Italian explorer who discovered America in 1492.

When did he become president? _______________________________________________________________ 4. Who was the first president of the United States? _______________________________________________________________ 2. When did he discover the ‘New World’? ____________________________________________________________________ 5. When was he born? _______________________________________________________________ 3. Who helped him? ____________________________________________________________________ D. Where was he born? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Which title did he prefer? _______________________________________________________________ 5. . Who was the next president? ? _______________________________________________________________ Total 20 points. Which was his first trip? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. 70 2. LISTENING (5 points) Listen carefully to the reading and answer the questions: 1.

3. use countable and uncountable nouns.4 Use properly: how much and how many. 3. articles. 71 UNIT THREE MAKE ONE CHANGE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to: 3. This Unit has the purpose to help the student express himself accurately in the simple present and the present continuous. 3.2 Identify countable and uncountable nouns.5 Express his/her feelings.1 Express accurately in simple present and present continuous. 3. and use in context the vocabulary of this unit. .3 Learn how to use the definite article: the.

Heat waves cause trouble when they are too high. Some areas experience snow. Some regions experience extreme temperatures while others. In spring plants begin to grow and the landscape is full of colors of blooming plants. during the hottest days of the year.com/photos/shmectorcom/8595329912/ wind windy winter . Some regions close to the sea experience foggy weather and cloudy days. And in winter.1 SEASONS AND THE WEATHER Our weather changes according to the seasons. that are closer to the equator. How is your region? autumn cloud cloudy cold fall fog foggy heat hot rain rainy spring snow storm summer sunny warm https://www.flickr. Some places experience rainy days that cause floods. temperatures cool again. 72 LESSON SEVEN THE SEASONS 7. temperature lowers to the minimum. Highest temperatures are experienced in summer. others rainy days. The weather is warmer and often wetter. In the autumn. experience fair temperatures. or fall. All of this may change depending the location on Earth.

When it is a verb of two syllables. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: This tense is used to express projects. have. (Action in progress) The teacher is preparing a Math examination. a hobby or any other thing that occurs with certain frequency. Example: I go to work every day. know. We study English at the University.2 SIMPLE PRESENT AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT SIMPLE: This tense is used mainly to talk about current facts and actions. want. (Action in progress) We are collecting stamps. 7. smell and think. Facts may be about general things for people or animals. Blue plays tennis on Saturdays. see. Does he eat breakfast at 6 o’clock? Mary always reads a book at night. or other actions in progress.3 SPELLING –ING FORMS The present continuous follows some grammar rules that we are going to learn. Example: come coming write writing take taking mistake mistaking When the main verb ends in a single stressed vowel followed by a consonant you must duplicate the last consonant and then add the “ing”. When the verb ends in “e” it is replaced by the ending “ing”. like. Actions may be a habit. (Hobby) Karla and Tina are taking piano lessons. love. hear. Mr. (Hobby) Are you going to Spain next month? (Project) There are verbs that are not used in the present continuous or progressive: be. hobbies. (open – opening) Example: fit fitting cut cutting stop stopping begin beginning . hate. They are called sensorial verbs. 73 7. if the vowel is unstressed you do not have to duplicate the last syllable. Example: My children are studying Math now.

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When the verb ends in “ie” you have to change it for “y” and then add the “ing”.
Example: die dying
lie lying

All of the rest of the verbs you just have to add “ing” at the end.
Example: work working
say saying
start starting

7.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Change the verbs to the gerund -ing.
1. build _________________
2. carry _________________
3. dance _________________
4. meet _________________
5. study _________________
6. swim _________________
7. take _________________
8. talk _________________
9. walk _________________
10. work _________________

B: Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct tense: present simple or present
progressive.

1. You _________________ the TV every day. (watch)
2. Harry ________________ a new blueprint for a Hotel now. (draw)
3. The teacher _______________ dancing hip-hop and jazz. (like)
4. Our father _______________ an excellent teacher. (be)
5. My sister ________________ playing chess. (love)
6. That dog ________________ too loud. I can’t hear you. (bark)
7. We ___________________ our house this week. (paint)
8. John and Ken ________________ their homework now. (do)
9. My mother _________________ dogs. (hate)
10. The foreman _________________ everyone for lunch. (call)

C: Make questions and answer with the words given.

Example: How is the weather today?

It’s cloudy.

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1. Sunny
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Foggy
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Windy
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
4. Rainy
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
5. Cold
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
6. Hot
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
7. Warm
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
8. Stormy
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

7.5 READING

Louis is a famous cook. He works hard every day. His day begins at 8:15 in the market.
He buys all the vegetables, fruit and meat he needs for his restaurant. It is in the top 10
restaurants in his state. The restaurant is a family enterprise. He is the owner and main
cook. His wife Betty is the general manager. His son Dorian is the second cook. His son
Andre is the bartender. His daughter Linda is the cashier.

Louis is working for his last day. He is already 68 and is planning to retire. He is going to
leave the restaurant in Dorian’s hands. Linda and Andre will help their brother running
the restaurant. Betty is retiring with Louis. They are going to Hawaii to spend a deserved
vacation.

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https://www.flickr.com/photos/ricardo_mangual/6006775244/

READING COMPREHENSION
1. Who is Louis?
_______________________________________________________________
2. How does his day begin?
_______________________________________________________________
3. What does he do?
_______________________________________________________________
4. Why is it a family enterprise?
_______________________________________________________________
5. Why is it a special day?
_______________________________________________________________
6. Where are Louis and Betty going for their vacation?
_______________________________________________________________
7. Why do you think they deserve it?
_______________________________________________________________

7.6 VOCABULARY

1. autumn otoño
2. bartender barman
3. blooming floreciente, en flor
4. cloud nube
5. cloudy nublado
6. cold frío
7. collect coleccionar
8. cool fresco, refrescar
9. deserved merecida(s)
10. Earth Tierra (planeta)
11. enterprise empresa
12. equator ecuador (línea ecuatorial)
13. experienced experimenta(n)
14. fair buen, lindo
15. fall otoño
16. flood inundación
17. fog niebla
18. foggy nublado
19. hate odio
20. hear escuchar, oír

wetter más húmedo 50. sea mar 36. highest más alta(o) 23. know saber. sunny soleado 43. snow nieve 39. rule reglas 34. hot caliente 24. heat calor 22. start empezar 41. write escribir . think pensar. waves olas. often a menudo 30. wind viento 51. want querer 47. winter invierno 53. windy hace viento 52. mistake equivocarse 29. location ubicación 27. rainy lluvioso 32. say decir 35. rain lluvia 31. smell oler 38. ondas 49. creer 44. too demasiado 45. trouble problema. warm tibio 48. dificultad 46. season estación 37. lie mentir 26. spring primavera 40. retire retirar 33. 77 21. summer verano 42. low bajo 28. conocer 25.

youtube.fis.grammar.youtube.com/watch?v=P9abGg_gF1s https://www.com/grammar/PresentContinuous1G.html http://www.html http://www.org/makeagame/viewgame.com/grammar/verb_forms_and_tenses06.youtube.cl/Notes/Spelling_ING.com/tutorials/spellinging.com/watch?v=pbREb-BOj4Y . 78 ON LINE EXPLORING Seasons and weather https://www.com/watch?v=owppK-GHPTU https://www.php http://www.englishexercises.com/watch?v=D1ZvQSbVm10 Spelling –ing forms http://www.eclecticenglish.com/watch?v=CXKj7bm4Ops https://www.youtube.asp?id=2949 https://www.edu/grammar/rules/inflections.youtube.eslcafe.eflnet.htm http://www.htm http://esl.

flickr.1 FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS Mankind can express feelings and emotions. But if we can control them. we both are able to show how we feel. If we let them manage us. and when they do not is because they are protecting the ones they love. On the other hand. Some people demonstrate their emotions directly. our lives will be quieter. because they prefer to show that are self-reliant. then our lives end in chaos. angry annoyed ashamed betrayed confused cheated depressed delighted excited embarrassed frightened guilty happy https://www. They are hard to show how they feel and focus in the problems to solve. 79 LESSON EIGHT I FEEL SUPERB! 8. others do not express their feelings.com/photos/ wonderful emjet/4117405292 worried . Although men differ from women. There are many emotions that we feel. Here is a list of some of them. Our feelings and emotions made what we really are.flickr.com/photos/emj lazy et/4116634257/ overwhelmed relaxed sad scared shy upset unhappy https://www.

It is also used in points of the world like geographic areas. We find some adverbs in the list that have the same form as an adjective. streets. It is not used before proper names of: countries. 8. Example: It is hard to live in the North Pole. (In general) The water is boiling. We will review some rules that must be followed: Short adjectives of one syllable are added –er than or the –est at the end. forests. etc. Let’s celebrate the first day of Andy! Sally pays the next month and I pay this month. Example: The Amazon River is in Peru. But it must be used before names of rivers. But if the adjective ends in –e we only add –r or –st at the end. continents.) Cats are very lovely. gulfs and peninsulas. The story begins when Rachel visited the Black Forest. isles. (In general) The cat is chasing the mouse. Our company has offices in the Middle East. cities. Example: Today is the last day of classes. We go to the beaches at the Pacific Ocean in summer. Rome is the capital of Italy. seas and oceans. 80 8. Do you know where Washington Street is? We would like to visit Long Island. lakes. (The one in the boiler. languages. nationalities. When you refer to things or people in general the definite article is not written except if it is a specific noun.3 COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES We use the comparative and superlative of short or long adjectives to make comparisons or to say that they are the most or the least of a whole.2 DEFINITE ARTICLE: THE The definite article the is used when we talk about something known. Example: Water is cool and transparent.) It is also written before ranking or ordering expressions. with some exceptions. Example: We visit Italy and Spain every year. (A specific cat. . mountains. deserts. The Mediterranean Sea is in Europe.

intelligent more intelligent than the most intelligent exciting more exciting than the most exciting reliable more reliable than the most reliable peaceful more peaceful than the most peaceful Example: I think that Aruba is more peaceful than Hawaii. you only write more or the most before the adjective. But if it is vowel + y it is not changed just add –er. Some two syllable adjectives may be used in any of two ways. Denmark is the most peaceful country on Earth. w are considered vowel sounds. Adjectives with two or more syllables do not change. Wilson’s hair. 81 ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE nice nicer than the nicest warm warmer than the warmest large larger than the largest Example: You drive slower than Erick. Sheldon Cooper is the silliest man in TV series. foggy foggier than the foggiest silly sillier than the silliest gray grayer than the grayest Example: Mr. If the adjective ends in a stressed vowel + consonant you have to double the last consonant before writing –er or –est. the y is changed by –ier. Antonia has the fattest cat in the city. Adjectives ending in consonant + y. (Letters: y. Nathaly is the slowest driver in the class. Thatcher’s hair is grayer than Mrs. thin thinner than the thinnest fat fatter than the fattest hot hotter than the hottest Example: Sandra is thinner than Ursula.). clever cleverer/est more/the most clever quiet quieter/est more/the most quiet simple simpler/st more/the most simple narrow narrower/est more/the most narrow common commoner/est more/the most common .

Henry threw his ball and it fell further than my ball. 6. 5. Susan was at ______ train station two hours ago. good/well better than the best bad/badly worse than the worst far farther/further than the furthest little less than the least many more than the most Example: This examination was hard but Dalia did the least mistakes. (thin) 7. Mrs. The Sun is ______________ the Moon. (big) 4. (small) 2. 8. B: Complete the sentences with the comparative form of adjectives: 1. 7. My boots are _____________ yours. (tall) . (bad) 6. 9. (dirty) 9. Virginia was _____________ her sister. Water is _____________ wine. The Ibo Language of Nigeria is the most simple language in the world. 82 Example: An American Laboratory built the quietest place on earth. (bright) 5.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A: Write the definite article THE where is needed. 8. (clear) 8. _______ South America and ________ Central America. 4. (large) 3. The Earth is _____________ the Moon. We live in the coasts of ______ Pacific Ocean. There are a few irregular adjectives that change completely. ______ teacher is preparing our next class. (easy) 10. ______ milk is white and healthy. ______ America is divided in _______ North America. A fly is ______________ a cat. 1. Many people want to listen to __________ Beatles. This homework is ______________ the last one. Our piano is _____________ our guitar. The teacher was _______________ this one. 2. We are going to _______ Cali next month. Do you study at _____ home? 10. This is _____ third time we have to wait for the papers. Frances wants to go to _________ Moon. 3. A cat is ______________ a spider.

(beautiful) 9. abilities and motivate their intellect through games. (bad) 7. 1. They help children develop basic skills. is not easy for anyone. Though it is not very easy. Others just bring them. (large) 2. They stay all day with their kids. When you come into one of the rooms you can see smaller tables and chairs. They have all the furniture made just for their size. This is _____________ pizza I have eaten. A first day in class. There are many contests to find ___________________ girl in the world. (large) 3. Other kids are weeping. (good) 6. Alexandra is _____________ girl in our class. Some parents are so excited that cannot leave until they see their kids quiet. milygoodstein/5440515244/ What a joy! . Children learn to clean their places and to put everything away.flickr. But there are those parents who never leave. Who needs comfort? Nursery schools are furnished according to children needs. intellectual and emotional growth. (small) 4. They also have toilet and handwashing areas especially prepared for them. Caracas is considered ___________________ place to live. they manage to work with them and help them in their physical. It is hard for them to leave their kids and the kids cry when their parents leave. Muhammad is the ________________ name in the world. songs and other activities. Some kids are more stubborn than others. (dangerous) 8. Chandra Bahadur Dangi is _____________ man in the world. (big) 10. So they are smaller than the furniture we normally use. they feel proud and happy. Delta Air Lines is _____________ airline in the world. while others go and play with all the toys they can take. (tall) 5. Sometimes parents are more emotional than their kids. stay some minutes and leave. (common) 8. Our Andean Condor is ___________________ bird in the world. Children. When parents learn about what https://www. A nursery teacher usually helps kids and parents into this transition. ‘Plan 9 from Outer Space’ is _____________ movie ever made. Tokyo is _______________ city in the world.5 READING Nursery teachers work in pre-school nurseries with children in their early years (3 to 5). lower shelves. and the most little brooms and dust pans you can see. 83 C: Complete the sentences with the superlative form of adjectives. parents and teachers face the first contact with many different reactions.com/photos/e their children can do.

ingenioso(a) 15. focus enfocarse.6 VOCABULARY 1. broom escoba 11. kids niño(a). clever listo(a). boiling hirviendo 9. although aunque 3. boiler hervidor 8. excited emocionado(a). if si 45. both ambos 10. feel sentir 33. emotions emociones 28. distinguir 25. end terminar 29. entusiasmado(a) 30. centrarse 35. cities ciudades 14. confused confundido(a) 17. continent continente 18. guilty culpable 41. gulf golfo 42. embarrassed avergonzado(a) 27. differ diferir. duro 44. demonstrate demostrar 21. comfort consolar 16. emocionante 31. 84 8. fascinante. handwashing lavado de manos 43. ashamed avergonzado 5. isle isla 46. furniture muebles 38. menor . able capaz 2. depressed deprimido(a) 22. chaos caos 12. countries países 19. face enfrentar 32. develop desarrollar 24. growth crecimiento 40. annoyed molesto. frightened asustado(a) 37. beaches playas 6. deserts desiertos 23. hard difícil. feelings sentimientos 34. betrayed traicionado 7. cheated engañado(a) 13. exciting apasionante. dust pan recogedor de basura 26. irritado 4. delighted encantado(a) 20. chico(a). forest bosque 36. gray gris 39.

north norte 55. quiet callado(a). large grande 48. river río 68. solve resolver 77. 85 47. relaxed relajado(a) 66. toilet inodoro 80. cuna. ocean océano 57. scared asustado(a). on the other hand por otro lado 58. silencioso(a). unhappy descontento(a) 82. responsable 67. aterrorizado(a) 69. wonderful maravilloso(a) . pole polo 63. reliable confiable. size tamaño 74. nice amable. slow lento(a) 76. arreglar 51. peaceful pacífico 61. nido 56. simpático(a) 54. manage dirigir. soler 84. tranquilo(a) 64. self-reliant autosuficiente 70. spider araña 78. silly tonto(a). really en verdad 65. estúpido(a) 73. ones aquellos 59. nursery guardería. lazy flojo(a) 49. abrumado(a) 60. let dejar. skill destreza 75. upset descompuesto(a). street calle 79. shy tímido(a) 72. toy juguete 81. peninsula península 62. use suelen. molesto(a) 83. Moon Luna 52. show mostrar 71. weeping lloroso(a) 85. permitir 50. overwhelmed agobiado(a). mountain montaña 53.

pdf http://learnenglishteens.htm http://www.britishcouncil.htm http://www.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/comparative-and-superlative-adjectives .org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/comparative-and-superlative-adjectives http://learnenglishteens.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives- adverbs/adjectives/exercises http://www.britishcouncil.britishcouncil.org/exercises/grammar/definite-the http://www.agendaweb.htm http://www.agendaweb.britishcouncil.englisch-hilfen.org/exercises/grammar/definite-the https://learnenglishteens.ef.agendaweb.web-esl.org/sites/teens/files/gs_definite_article_- _exercises_0.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/definite-article https://owl.youtube.ego4u.britishcouncil.org/es/english-grammar/determiners-and- quantifiers/definite-article http://learnenglishteens. 86 ON LINE EXPLORING Feelings and emotions http://www.org/exercises/vocabulary/feelings/emotions-2.purdue.asp?id=6009 http://learnenglishteens.de/en/exercises/nouns_articles/article_the2.shertonenglish.org/exercises/grammar/comparison/comparison-write-3 http://www.britishcouncil.com/resources/es/vocabulary/feelings-and- emotions.php https://www.htm http://www.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english- 3830.englisch-hilfen.com/articles/articles_13.agendaweb.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives- adverbs/adjectives/exercises https://www.englishpage.english.php http://www.de/en/exercises/nouns_articles/article_the2.org/exercises/vocabulary/feelings/emotions-1.de/english/uebungen/6klasse/expressions.com/english-resources/english-grammar/definite-article/ http://www.kico4u.htm http://www.youtube.htm http://www.html http://www.com/watch?v=37w9JjUWN30 Definite article: the https://learnenglish.ego4u.tolearnenglish.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/definite-article Comparative and superlative https://www.com/watch?v=4iHrloJtilo https://www.agendaweb.edu/owl/resource/540/01/ http://www.com/feelings/feelings.

com/photos/cornelii/675365448/in/photolist-22FqBS-5BMj7a-JxjRy There are many food expressions in English that are used constantly. too. Since she is the host of the party. but her husband’s friends will probably bring more.1 WORDS THAT GO TOGETHER: FOOD Claudia is throwing a birthday party for her husband. so she is planning to serve chips with some tasty dips. Perhaps she will make a fresh salad. He will be 40 next Sunday so it’s an important birthday! She will not prepare any hot food. she will provide some beverages. It is polite to bring something when you are invited to a party! https://www.com/photos/68711844@N07/ wine and cheese mashed potatoes pancakes and syrup . 87 LESSON NINE WHAT A NIGHT! 9. she will get some cheese and crackers. Here we have some examples: bread and butter meat and potatoes salt and pepper sweet and sour cottage cheese fish and chips cream cheese frozen food ham and eggs apple pie Edam cheese bitter chocolate French fries lemon pie hot dog lemon curd chips and dip https://www.flickr. She will prepare some appetizers but she is not sure if she will have time.flickr. Guests usually bring beers. wine and sodas to parties. Also.

qualities. They cannot be counted or divided in different elements. etc. salt. a slice of.3 QUANTIFIERS We know some quantifiers to use with countable nouns. 9.2 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS COUNTABLE NOUNS Countable nouns are those that you can count one by one and have singular and plural form. etc. 88 9. and with the quantifier some and any. bread. Example: I want some milk. an directly. Are there any cookies in the jar? UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS (Mass nouns) Uncountable nouns you cannot count one by one and only have one form that is not singular nor plural. powders. I have two red pens and a pair of scissors. table/tables. gases. a bottle of. For example: rice. chair/chairs. Are there any peaches for the pie? We don’t have any chairs. They can be used with a number. a kg. a piece of. of. Now we need to know which quantifiers to use with uncountable nouns. This table can help us: COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS NOUNS MUCH X MANY X A FEW X A LITTLE X SOME ANY A/AN X . the indefinite article: a. but you cannot use them with: a. Example: There are some lemons for the pisco sour. any. coffee. an. and things too small to be counted. To use the indefinite article you use a word or expression like: a cup of. cheese. pencil/pencils. Is there any milk in the fridge? Do you have some cheese? I eat a piece of cake every day. liquids. We cannot count ideas. etc. Do you want a slice of cheese? I have a bottle of milk. You can use the quantifier: some. Example: book/books.

B: Check the vegetable drawer. B: Excellent. But there are other quantifiers that we use only with uncountable nouns: much and a little. What do we have in the fridge? A: Let’s see… We have ________ lettuce and ______ carrot in the fridge. Example: How many bottles of wine are left? We have only a few bottles. 9. There are lots of people coming every day. __________________ bottles of wine are there in the cellar? 2. Do we have _______ eggs? I can prepare __________ mayonnaise.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A: Complete the dialog with a / an / some / any A: Let’s have dinner together! B: Ok. How much sugar do you want? Just a little. Why? How much is that toy? It’s not much. 1. It will be delicious! I promise! B: Complete the sentences with: how much or how many. Like: some and any. How many days are there for the next meeting? Just a few days. __________________ sugar do you take in your tea? . How much money do you have? I have just a little. please. And here is _____ onion. Example: How much tea is left on the pot? There is a little tea left on the pot. 89 As you can see. Do we have ______ tomatoes? A: You are right! There are __________ tomatoes and ______ avocado. While many and a few are used with countable nouns. Is it enough for the dressing? B: Yes. How many people visit your company every day? Not a few. A: Yes we have ________ egg. We have everything for a nice salad. How many red pens do you need? I need a few. there are some quantifiers that can be used with countable and uncountable nouns.

there are some chocolates in the box. __________________ mayonnaise is left in the jar? 5. sandwiches / lunchbox ___________________________________________________________? ___________________________________________________________ 2. appetizers avocado beer cake carrot cheese chips crackers cookies dip dressing egg lemon lettuce mayonnaise milk onions pot salad salt slice soda sugar tea toast tomatoes vegetables . 1. lemonade / jar ___________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________ 5. soup / pot ___________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________ 4. Example: chocolates / box Are there any chocolates in the box? Yes. __________________ bananas do we have? 4. 90 3. __________________ steaks have we got? 7. vegetables / basket ___________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________ 6. sugar / coffee ___________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________ 3. / No. __________________ fruit do you eat in a week? 6. __________________ milk is there in the bottle? C: Make questions and answer according to the example. there aren’t any chocolates in the box. __________________ cans of soda are there in the fridge? 8. dressing / salad ___________________________________________________________? ____________________________________________________________ D: Write five sentences and five questions using the words from the list.

basket canasta. 4. requesón 12. Pour the mixture on top _____________ and mix. ________________________________________________________? 10. ________________________________________________________ Questions: 6. ________________________________________________________ 3. cellar sótano. ________________________________________________________? 8. 3. butter mantequilla 8. Put ____________ with the mixture in the microwave ________________. cesta 4. cottage cheese queso cabaña. 2 tablespoons _________________. ________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________? 7. bitter chocolate chocolate amargo 6. ________________________________________________________ 5. apple pie pastel de manzana 3. appetizers bocaditos 2. 91 Sentences: 1. cheese queso 14. bodega 10. crujiente 13. ________________________________________________________ 4. dressing aliño 16. 2 tablespoons ______________ and 1 tablespoon of melted ___________. can lata. ________________________________________________________? 9.5 LISTENING Bread Pudding ___________ recipe: 1.6 VOCABULARY 1. Enjoy! 9. beverages bebidas 5. drawer cajón . Whisk together: _____________. 2. dip salsa 15. crunchy crocante. cookie galleta 11. tarro 9. bread pan 7. ________________________________________________________? 9. Tear up __________________ and put the pieces __________________. 5.

recipe receta 44. pedazo 37. hotcakes 33. slice rodaja. lemon curd crema de limón 24. together junto(a)(s) 55. wine vino ACTIVITY Read the following recipe and do all the exercises. tablespoon cuchara 50. rebanada. lemon pie tarta de limón 25. tasty sabroso(a)(s) 51.britishcouncil. qualities cualidades 42. enjoy disfrute 18. pepper pimienta 35. on top of encima de 32. hot dog perro caliente. piece trozo. lunchbox lonchera 26.org/skills/writing-skills-practice/recipe . http://learnenglishteens. sour ácido 47. salt sal 45. mashed potatoes puré de papa 27. melocotones 34. almíbar 49. olla 38. throwing a party dar / preparar una fiesta 53. French fries papas fritas 19. tear up romper en pedazos 52. pot tetera. frozen food comida congelada 20. husband esposo 23. tajada 46. syrup jarabe. mix mezclar 30. mayonnaise mayonesa 28. host anfitrión(a) 21. mixture mezcla 31. powders polvos 40. toast tostada 54. poner 39. perhaps quizás. 92 17. peaches duraznos. pancakes panqueques. pudding pudin 41. quantifier cuantificador 43. whisk batir. pancho 22. melted derretida(o) 29. agitar 56. sweet dulce 48. pour verter. tal vez 36.

4. 3. an. ______________ lessons are there in this book? 5. any 1. Benny and Bobby usually eat _____ French fries with chicken. Carol is ________ waitress at Hilton Head Restaurant. _______ grapes are good for you. _________ waiter is Mr. 6. 1. I like ______ blue shirt that is on that shelf. 93 ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A: Indicate if the noun is countable (C) or uncountable (U). the or nothing. 10. milk ________ 2. 1. ______________ time does it take to get from London to Cornwell? 9. scientists ________ 7. 4. how much. people ________ B: Write the correct article: a. 8. We have eaten _________ meat with wine and cheese. We don’t have ______ homework to do today. Thomas. bread ________ 9. Do you know if there is ______ work to do? 6. Rina bought _______ chips but she didn’t buy ______ dip. bottle ________ 10. children ________ 6. _______________ friends does she have? 7. 5. ________ French fries are tasty and crunchy. butter ________ 3. ______________ languages do you speak? . 2. some. 9. 3. juice ________ 5. The Wilsons flew over ________ Alps and _______ London. There is _____ extremely difficult exam programed for tomorrow. Do you have _______ cottage cheese? 10. glasses ________ 8. Did you call ______ doctor? C: Write where appropriate: how many. waiters ________ 4. 8. 7. We visited _______ Great Wall in China. ______________ homework do you have to do? 2.

de/en/exercises/confusing_words/much_many3.de/how_much_many_ex1.htm http://www.htm http://learnenglishteens.cl/english/how-much-how-many.ego4u.html https://learnenglish.englisch-hilfen.better-english.talkenglish.pl/en-nouns-countable-and-uncountable- exercises.htm .youtube.english-room.htm http://www.ef.com/watch?v=zbQAIJK7chE https://www.com/elem/elemrd1. 94 ON-LINE EXPLORING Countable and uncountable nouns http://www.youtube.grammar.htm http://www.html http://www.com/listening/lessonlisten.com/en/cram-up/vocabulary/much-many/exercises https://www.com/ref/Nouns_that_are_Count_and_Noncount/ https://www.com/watch?v=q5I2aqkHfIk Listening http://learnenglishteens.learnenglish.englishclub.de/en/exercises/confusing_words/much_many3.htm Some and any https://www.esl-lab.com/watch?v=2nSI-Pl9xHM http://www.com/english-resources/english-grammar/countable-and- uncountable-nouns/ https://www.englishclub.com/easier/howmuch.ego4u.org/skills/listening-skills-practice/eating- out http://www.V9ArWFsrLIV Much and many https://www.englishclub.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar- videos/countable-and-uncountable-nouns https://www.focus.com/grammar/nouns-countable-un.aspx?ALID=115 http://www.manythings.html#.englishclub.com/watch?v=ZkUBLozmReU https://www.britishcouncil.com/esl-games/grammar/nouns-un-count-sort.englisch-hilfen.com/esl-games/grammar/nouns-un-count.org/es/quick-grammar/countable-uncountable- nouns-1 http://www.org/elllo/3.britishcouncil.htm https://www.de/grammar/noununcount.htm http://www.britishcouncil.youtube.youtube.com/howmuch.htm http://www.english-4u.com/en/cram-up/vocabulary/much-many http://www.htm https://www.olsztyn.

Cambridge University Press • Mitchell. • Gardner Ian y otros (2004) Style 1. Intermediate. Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead. Oxford University Press. . Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. OUP • Eastwood. H. Cambridge University Press • Seligson Paul (2012) Essential American English 2. Norman. 95 BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES • Coe. Elementary. Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. Richmond Publishing. Gran Bretaña. Cambridge. New York. Cambridge. (2009) Traveller Beginners. John (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. Oxford. New York. 3° Ed. Macmillan Publishers Limited • Jones-Macziola. Oxford. • Murphy. Q. MM Publications.

This one is warm. (write) Give the comparative or superlative form of the adjective: 1. Ann _____________ breakfast now. pen _____ 10. (hot) 5. Karen has ____________________ dress I saw. Write if the noun is countable (C) or uncountable (U): 1. cheese _____ 9. laptop _____ . Sorry. (read) 2. This exam is _________________ the last one. file _____ 6. (cold) B. GRAMMAR (5 points) Complete the sentences with the simple present tense or the present continuous: 1. My children never __________ TV from Monday to Friday. (hard) 4. and there were ________ and _______ for all the children. (make) 4. (easy) 3. VOCABULARY (5 points) Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the square. There was a lot of food to eat. There were also some ________________ that the children brought. Carol always ___________ the newspaper. Those dogs ______________ after that black and white cat! (run) 5. I need a __________ soda. I _____________ letters to our clients. 96 SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT THREE DATE: __________________________ GRADE: NAME: __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ A. Angry excited frightened shy unhappy Dressing chips appetizers dip vegetable There was a party in the classroom. music _____ 7. Everybody was very __________. I am busy. They were celebrating the last day of classes. (beautiful) 2. Only Chris was ________ because she never likes parties. No one was _____________. The teacher prepared some ______________ salad with a very tasty ___________. soda _____ 8. My father works ________________ my brother. Sophia was a little __________ because she is very _________. bag _____ 2. (watch) 3. banana _____ 5. salt _____ 4. Today is _________________ day of the year. watch _____ 3.

balloons. The teacher was very surprised. . 1. 97 C. What is Paul doing next year? _______________________________________________________________ Total 20 points. The children enjoyed the music. Chris was also early that day. The teacher prepared many games for the children. She wanted to play with Sophia. The party in the class was very interesting. Even Sophia danced with Chris. candies. What did Chris do the next day? ____________________________________________________________________ 5. What did Sophia and Chris do in the party? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. But she said that she was very happy that his friends danced with her yesterday. Where is Paul? _______________________________________________________________ 2. Why is he there? _______________________________________________________________ 3. They enjoyed dancing and playing together at the party. What happened in the class? ____________________________________________________________________ 2. What did the teacher prepare? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. etc. The next day Sophia came to school earlier than usual. READING: (5 points) Read the text and answer the questions below. They really enjoyed the party. Did Paul enjoy the trip? _______________________________________________________________ 5. LISTENING (5 points) Answer the following questions from the listening. Who invited Paul? _______________________________________________________________ 4. There were a lot of prizes: medals. 1. What did Sophia do the next day? ____________________________________________________________________ D.

past and future.1 Answer questions in future tense using be going to. 4. in simple present. 4.4 Identify and use compound nouns. simple past and future tense. in common situations. 4. .5 Express correctly using prefixes and suffixes.2 Write short reports in present. 4. 98 UNIT FOUR OFF ON HOLIDAY SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to: 4. This Unit has the purpose to learn more complex grammar structures and rules.3 Use collocations with: have. to be used in a communicative environment.

Palacio de la Exposición. The houses were built in blocks around Plaza Mayor. if you are going to plan a short vacations or a weekend. They found a number of tombs providing information of the Wari culture. circuses. There you can visit the Cathedral. why not visit Lima surroundings? . The archeologists found simple textiles made of alpaca or vicuña wool. and many are interactive. There are many other interesting museums to visit.com/photos/bobistraveling/149209328 and learn about this private collection of 20 Miguel Mujica Gallo. enjoy a visit to The Magic Water Circuit which has the record in the Guinness Book for the largest fountain complex in the world. but many people think that they have to go to Cusco. etc. It was a ceremonial and administrative center for the Lima Culture. If you are going to visit archeological places. Parque de las Leyendas and Huachipa Zoo keep many interesting animals from different species. The Government Palace and the Municipality Palace that surround Plaza Mayor. Huaca Pucllana. Italian Art Museum. and stone tools. The National Museum. But it is not necessarily true. and the houses in the Colonial style. for example. Sometimes we never visit those close where we live. Cajamarca or Arequipa to find interesting places to visit. 99 LESSON TEN ARE YOU GOING TO THE CINEMA TOMORROW? 10. There are also theaters. cinemas.1 PLACES There are beautiful places to visit anywhere. Arts of Lima Museum. Lima is the capital of Peru. he had direct orders from Spain to build a city based on the model of Seville. If you want to see something different with your family. There you need two hours to visit it all around https://www. pottery decorated with snakes and fish. but maybe the most interesting for everyone who visits Lima is the Gold Museum of Peru and Weapons of the World. Children enjoy visiting the two zoos we have. So. etc. When Francisco Pizarro founded Lima in 1535. It offers 13 different fountains that are illuminated at night. Here are some examples of what you are going to find in this Colonial city with a rich historical and architectural heritage. You can visit a lot of museums: Larco Museum. you can find “huacas” all around Lima. is in Miraflores and is dated 500 AD.flickr.

This is called a collocation. Example: We aren’t going to study German next year. It isn’t going to rain this evening.c om/photos/archer1 have an appointment have an advantage 0/3117346317 have a break have a chance . Patty isn’t going to visit us in May. 10. Example: We are going to study German next year. and it is with this expression: be going to. Johnny isn’t going to run around the park. Here we are going to learn collocations with some verbs. plus going to and the main verb in infinitive. The interrogative form is exactly like when we just use the verb to be.3 EXPRESSIONS WITH ‘HAVE’ Some verbs are used combined with other words in a specific arrangement. 100 10. The verb to be is used according the subject. Like have a good time have a talk have a baby have a problem have a relationship have an excuse have work have a breakdown have a headache have a bath have a drink have a haircut have a holiday have a rest have lunch have sympathy https://www. Kate is going to be late. It is used to indicate predictions based in what has been decided or if the intend to realize it exists. HAVE: There are useful expressions used with have.2 “GOING TO” FOR FUTURE There is another form to express future in English. Kate isn’t going to be late. Example: Are you going to study German next year? Is Patty going to visit us in May? Is it going to rain this evening? Is Johnny going to run around the park? Is Kate going to be late? The same is true when we change the sentence into the negative form. It’s going to rain this evening. Johnny is going to run around the park.flickr. Patty is going to visit us in May.

The engineer ensures that the building design is safe. Dina and Sabrina enjoyed their vacations in Hawaii. _______________________________________________________________ 4. I have an appointment with Mrs. _______________________________________________________________ 9. Claire and Bob raise three children. Raul visits Tania and Alma in summer. _______________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________ 7. _______________________________________________________________ 6. I need to have a haircut soon! I’m in a rush. The Wilsons send their children to a French school. 101 have a class have an exam have fun have a look have a party have tea have time have something in common have the flu have a sore throat Example: We expect to have a good time next week in Florida. Miss Wanda writes letters in German. 1. _______________________________________________________________ 8. _______________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________________ 7. The accountant records the accounts in the books. _______________________________________________________________ B. _______________________________________________________________ .4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. Thompson trains his dog at the Dog Park. Change the verb to the future using ‘be going to’: 1. _______________________________________________________________ 3. Do you think I have a chance with Dorothy? 10. Tucker in an hour. _______________________________________________________________ 6. _______________________________________________________________ 10. The foreman supervises the work of the laborers. Elizabeth. _______________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________ 5. Mr. _______________________________________________________________ 8. The architect designed a huge building complex. Change your answers in section A into questions. _______________________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________________ 2.

Choose the correct verb tense: 1. a. Mary Patterson ________________$5. took c. worked c. is going to look d. spent 5. Scientists _______________ that we must stop smoking. is going to take d. That car _____________ very old. uses d. a. takes b. says d. look 7. _______________________________________________________________ 10. a. is going to celebrate b. are going to say b. a. His teacher ______________ an exam yesterday. spend b. works b. say c. a. celebrate . work d. is going to spend c. Girls _____________ pearls. America _____________ its 500th Anniversary. used 2. use b. spends d. is going to work 4. Next summer. looked c. looks b. 102 9. said 3.000 shopping next week. are going to use c. our father _______________ late. In 1992. a. take 6. _______________________________________________________________ C. a.

4. 103 c. Juan Gabriel _______________ beautiful songs in his life. a.5 READING Are you going to the cinema tomorrow? Or this weekend? Many people enjoy going to see a movie on weekends. 10. Patrick is not coming today. They need to ________________ before the presentation. just to mention some. celebrated d. In 2017. romance. America _________________ its 525th Anniversary. Journalists always _________________ interesting news. composed d. 9. a. Looked for d. It’s five o’clock. Are going to look for D. They can be important. Look for b. I can’t help you. 3. celebrates d. have a look have fun have a chance have tea have a good time have lunch have the flu have time have an appointment have a rest 1. composes c. Our children are going to __________________ at the circus. fantasy. Do you think I ________________ with Mary? 8. He ____________. Let me _____________________ at those papers. Kent next Friday. compose b. Alexa and Rita ________________________ with Mr. 5. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate collocation in the correct verb tense. is going to celebrate b. celebrate 9. . 7. comedy. I don’t ___________ to waste. Looks for c. adventure. 6. We are expecting to ____________________ with our friends at your party. drama. horror and biography. a. 2. celebrates 8. Sorry. celebrated c. 10. Let’s ________________. is going to compose 10. There are many kinds of movies: action. Charles ____________________ at 2 o’clock every day.

‘Gone with the Wind’. because they are never forgotten. Comedy. too! ________________ in the cinema were crying! TREVOR: Yes. won 10 Oscars with 11 nominations. ‘West Side Story’. _______________________? TREVOR: No. ____________. fantasy and romantic films amuse and make people laugh. _____________________? TREVOR: It was ‘Titanic’. won 8 Oscars and had 13 nominations. indeed. . JAMES: Ok. JAMES: What is it about? TREVOR: It’s about a couple who suspects about _________________________ and end in the middle ______________________ espionage plot. won 11 Oscars with 12 nominations. _________________________ film.wikimedia. I chose something we can ______________________. won 8 Oscars and had 13 nominations. ‘From Here to Eternity’. Historical and biographical films tell us details of a real person or event. drama. JAMES: Oh! I remember. that’s why __________________ something different. ‘Ben Hur’. JAMES: Good! _________________________.6 LISTENING TREVOR: Jamie. _______________ to go to the movies? JAMES: Of course. my grandmother and my sister would _____________ that I didn’t take them with me. It was one ‘of all time’. horror and adventure films are for people who like to feel a rush of adrenalin. and got 12 nominations. JAMES: Excellent! __________________. you know how ______________! TREVOR: Do you remember ______________________ together? JAMES: Yes. ‘Titanic’. won 8 Oscars. I will never forget. JAMES: What do you ______________? TREVOR: I just ___________________________ tonight. There are some films that are called: ‘of all time’. Like: ‘My Fair Lady’. Would you see any of them? 10. won 11 edia/en/9/9d/Lord_of_the_Rings_ -_The_Return_of_the_King. ___________.jpg Oscars from 14 nominations. I prefer some action.org/wikip King’. TREVOR: Not at all. so… Why ___________________________ ‘Keeping up with the Joneses’? JAMES: Mmmm. 104 Action. ‘The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the https://upload. TREVOR: Don’t worry friend. I don’t know about that film. won 11 Oscars from 11 nominations.

have a holiday tener vacaciones 26. D. rush of adrenalin descarga de adrenalina . ensure se asegura. around alrededor de 6. dated fechada 10. mermelada 42. king rey 44. fountain fuente 14. amuse divertir. (año del Señor). have a sore throat tener dolor de garganta 30. pottery cerámica 52. return regreso 53. circus circo 9. have a chance tener una oportunidad 21. palace palacio 49. have a good time pasarla bien 23. have tea tomar el té 38. have something in common tener algo en común 36. have a haircut cortarse el pelo 24. have a look echar un vistazo 27. conspiración 51. accounts cuentas 2. blocks cuadras 7. have a break tener un descanso 19. complot. have the flu tener la gripe 39. My Fair Lady Mi Bella Dama 48. have a party tener una fiesta 28. (después de Cristo) 3. pearls perlas 50. heritage herencia 41. have a bath tomarse un baño 18. anywhere en cualquier parte 5. AD (anno domini) A. municipality municipalidad 47.D. entretener 4. lecturer orador 45. have a rest tomar un descanso 29. espionage espionaje 12. asegurar 11. have a headache tener un dolor de cabeza 25.7 VOCABULARY 1. jalea. 105 10.C. keep guardar. have a breakdown tener una crisis 20. criar 43. have a talk hablar 31. have an appointment tener una cita 33. From Here to Eternity De aquí a la Eternidad 15. have a drink tomar una bebida 22. have an advantage tener una ventaja 32. middle medio 46. founded fundó 13. Gone with the Wind Lo que el Viento se Llevó 16. cathedral catedral 8. have fun divertirse 34. have lunch almorzar 35. jelly gelatina. plot trama. conservar. government gobierno 17. have sympathy simpatizar 37. have time tener tiempo 40.

wool lana . 106 54. suspect sospechar 59. waste desperdiciar. sepulturas 61. bordea 58. surround rodea. snakes serpientes. gastar 62. tombs tumbas. The Lord of the Rings El Señor de los Anillos 60. stone piedra 57. culebras 56. weapons armas 63. Seville Sevilla 55.

englishgrammarsecrets.htm https://www.allthingsgrammar.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to/exercises?04 https://www.cambridge.de/en/exercises/tenses/going_to_future_statements.com/colocaciones-con-el-verbo-to-have-collocations-with-the-verb- to-have-flashcards-67965 http://www.html http://www.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to/exercises https://www.htm https://www.html https://vocapp.co.htm http://www.youtube.com/verbpage/verbs18.de/en/grammar/going_to.youtube.com/goingtofuture/menu.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to http://www.com/learnenglish/lessons/take-and-have-collocations http://www.com/watch?v=Iy5CxRKfiP4 Collocations: have http://inmadom-myenglishclass.youtube.englishpage.tinyteflteacher.com/watch?v=yytKZybSGoA https://www.de/en/exercises/tenses/going_to_future_statements.com/collocations-with-have.com/watch?v=fbsdc1Fi3DI https://www.php http://www.uk/learning-english/FCE/collocations-make-do.ef.ego4u.ego4u.com/docs/collocations-8-everyday-verbs-have-take-and-pay https://www.com/watch?v=LmeGRSnJcxo https://www.englisch- hilfen.drillpal.html http://www.com/grammar/verbs-m_going-to.com/english-resources/english-grammar/future-going/ https://www.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to/exercises?02 https://www.com/watch?v=KhVtdJZbF2A https://www.youtube.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-going-to/exercises?05 http://www.ego4u.blogspot.youtube.ego4u.pe/2012/01/collocations-have-and- take.org/grammar/british-grammar/future-be-going-to-i-am- going-to-work http://www.cl/Notes/Going_To.com/watch?v=Sc5CV5VzMqk https://www.ecenglish.youtube.englisch- hilfen.htm https://www.englishclub.grammar.ego4u.englisch-hilfen.com/watch?v=CYU4ZOzr1Ik .htm https://www.htm http://www. 107 ON LINE EXPLORING Future: going to http://dictionary.youtube.

speed boats. Soon. donkey and mule were used as beasts of burden. Here are some of this combinations. trucks to travel by land. The Bullet Train service was introduced in Japan in 1964. it became a practical way to transport people and goods. Meanwhile. go fishing go on a date go skiing go out of fashion go swimming go smoothly go abroad go unnoticed go bad go wrong go bald go quickly . which was considered a machine of precision and balance. And airplanes. Man used to walk or use animals to transport himself or carry a load. made for his convenience. ships. rockets. jets. steamboats. motor boats. The horse. rail. to travel by sea. man invented the train and the railroad. helicopters. yachts. Later. man invented cars. sailboats. 108 LESSON ELEVEN ARE YOU GOING TO TAKE A TAXI? 11. He invented the bicycle. to travel by air.flickr. ambulance /ámbiulans/ boat /bówt/ concrete mixer /konkrít míkser/ crane truck /kréyn trak/ fire engine /fáyer ényin/ helicopter /jélicopter/ sail boat /séyl bowt/ taxi /táksi/ tractor /tractor/ train /tréyn/ van /van/ https://www.com/photos/bangkokrick/14963581418 yacht /yót/ 11. road and water. When he invented the steam locomotive. He also invented boats. We use different means of transport: by air. man gave a new use to wheel. canoes.1 TRANSPORT People need to move goods.2 EXPRESSIONS WITH ‘GO’ AND ‘PLAY’ GO: This verb is used with activities that end in –ing and other expressions. animals and other people from one place to another. etc. Other places used an ox or a camel for transportation.

We hope it doesn’t end too late. . Larry played his cards right and won the contract. They are attractive. Supermercados Monterrey _____________________ in 1993. play football play by the rules play down play basketball play chess play cricket play board games play badminton play table-tennis play snooker play hockey play baseball play rugby play volleyball play squash play your cards right Example: They have time to play board games. I don’t want that we go astray again. This is a list of some examples. Little Willy doesn’t like to _______________ early.com/phot Example: My brother likes to go fishing every Sunday. 109 go blind go on go crazy go astray go on foot go running go online go surfing go out of business go shopping go overseas go home go quiet go downtown go sailing go left go to sleep go horse riding https://www. play rugby go on play chess go abroad play by the rules go on foot play board games play down go out of business go to sleep 1. 4. because we don’t like to ______________. When we play football. os/36821100@N04/3896338 I prefer to go shopping every weekend. my mother always prepares jelly for us. Tadeo _____________ when he was in high school. 2. PLAY: This is a verb which we combine with team sports.flickr. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate collocation in the correct verb tense. 11. 3. games and ball games. 968/ Would you like to go on a date Saturday night? Please look at the map. Don’t play down your attributes.3 LANGUAGE CHECK A.

7.flickr. This sector is taking into consideration the responsible care for our environment. When you use this software you can find which equipment contributes to the high electricity bill you pay.com/photos/dumfstar/8045032488/ READING COMPREHENSION 1. 6. Garry Kasparov _____________ in the World Chess Champion in 1985 and won. https://www. but everyone was sleeping. What kind of initiative is it developing now-a-days? ________________________________________________________________ 2.4 READING Transport is changing now-a-days. She teaches that the first thing to become energy efficient is lowering the amount of energy you consume.S. You can install it in your computer or in your smartphone. What does this initiative look for? ________________________________________________________________ 3. Who is its founder? ________________________________________________________________ 5. this initiative operates in all 50 U. energy analytics and building control. 110 5. Harrison usually ________________ at the end of each month. Do you think it is a good initiative? ________________________________________________________________ . Today. states and in 73 countries. InTech Energy is a new partner of the ‘Go Green Initiative’. Mrs. There is a strong initiative to go green. 11. Nina never _________________ to John’s words. 10. Mr. But just those that you need and no more than that. Where does the ‘Go Green Initiative’ operate? ________________________________________________________________ 4. protecting the health of the communities. It has developed a software that combines power monitoring. Then you can buy solar panels for your energy needs. Little Tom never ____________________ because he is just two years old. What does she teach? ________________________________________________________________ 6. 9. Jill Buck founded the ‘Go Green Initiative’ in 2002 in the United States. The lecturer ______________ with his explanation. Ernst likes to work with John because he always ________________ 8.

mercadería 43. go running ir corriendo 35. horse caballo 45. balance balance. go overseas ir al extranjero. equilibrio 3. go to sleep ir a dormir 40. go out of business salir del negocio. ambulance ambulancia 2. camel camello 9. go smoothly ir suavemente. canoe canoa 10. go abroad ir al extranjero. concrete mixer mezcladora de cemento 12. bedroom dormitorio 5. viajar al extranjero 16. go on foot ir a pie 27. go downtown ir al centro de la ciudad 22. go wrong equivocarse 42. beasts bestias 4. go blind quedarse ciego 20. enloquecer 21. donkey burro 14. 111 11. locomotive locomotora 50. go surfing ir a surfear 39. crane truck grúa 13. load carga 49. ir por mal camino 18. salir en una cita 26. mule mula 52. compound compuesto 11. play board games jugar juegos de mesa . 36. torcerse. go quickly ir rápido 33. go bald quedarse calvo 19. quebrar 30. land tierra 47. go horse riding ir a montar caballo 24. go unnoticed pasar desapercibido 41. ox buey 53. irse por mal camino 17. go out of fashion estar fuera de moda 31. go on a date tener una cita romántica. go left ir a la izquierda 25. salir del país 32. go quiet guardar silencio 34.5 VOCABULARY 1. go shopping ir de compras 37. goods productos. go sailing ir a navegar. burden carga 8. helicopter helicóptero 44. lecturer orador. conferenciante 48. bullet bala 7. go bad echarse a perder. boat bote 6. jet avión a reactor 46. go astray perderse. hacerlo fluidamente 38. meanwhile mientras tanto 51. fire engine carro de bomberos 15. go online conectarse en línea 29. go crazy volverse loco. go home ir a casa 23. go on continuar 28.

combi 71. taxi taxi 69. railroad vía férrea. rail ferrocarril 61. sailboat velero 64. 112 54. yacht yate . ferrocarril 62. play chess jugar ajedrez 56. ship barco 65. rocket cohete 63. wheel rueda 73. truck camión 70. play snooker jugar al billar 58. van camioneta. steam vapor 67. way forma 72. play down restar importancia 57. play your cards right jugar bien sus cartas 60. play table-tennis jugar tenis de mesa 59. play by the rules seguir las reglas. speed velocidad 66. respetar o cumplir las reglas 55. steamboat barco a vapor 68.

play http://learnenglishteens.englishclub.ie/2012/02/play.ooz.blogspot.html http://collocations.pe/2016/05/collocations-with-go.youtube.com/learnenglish/lessons/go-do-play-sports-collocations https://bridger-jones.com/2016/02/09/common-collocations-with-go/ http://www.com/grammar/collocations-with-do-play-go/ https://www. 113 ON LINE EXPLORING Collocations: go.com/watch?v=BcXzsRZ14hE https://www.englishlearnsite.org/exams/grammar-and-vocabulary- exams/words-go-together https://www.britishcouncil.youtube.com/vocabulary/collocations http://inmadom-myenglishclass.com/vocabulary/collocations-lists.com/watch?v=oEMgvxZ_5Vg https://www.com/2016/02/09/common-collocations-with-go/ https://www.pe/2013/01/collocations-do-play-or-go- with-sports.net/common-collocations-with-go/ http://clickonenglish.htm http://www.englishconversations.youtube.html http://www.com/watch?v=uY85qBrepwc .blogspot.englishleap.ecenglish.html https://bridger-jones.

com/photos/smemon/5344646082/ People use to call a holiday. bus stop tooth + paste . than when the nouns are separated. because they don’t have to go to work. sunflower skate + board . But remember that most compound nouns meaning is different or more specific. The second part identifies the thing or person. 114 LESSON TWELVE OUR HOLIDAYS 12. travel agencies. the first identifies what kind of thing or person it is or its purpose. amusement parks are some examples. a ‘day off’. Holidays are the best days for commerce. You can travel overseas if you are on your vacation time. airport boy + friend .2 COMPOUND NOUNS In English there are words formed by combining two nouns. skateboard . but holidays are usually one or a few days. such as: Christmas Day. There are some common holidays around the world. They are known as compound nouns. football life + time . 12. There are different types of holidays. or ‘Somebody’s Day’. etc. There are other holidays that are celebrated according to your country and culture.1 HOLIDAYS Holidays! Everybody loves holidays. restaurants. bedroom foot + ball . somewhere sun + flower . Compound nouns have two parts. moonlight weather + man . weatherman some + where . boyfriend bus + stop . Holidays are established after a commemoration of an event or in honor of a person. Valentine’s Day and New Year’s Day. They launch special offers so people can enjoy those days with their families. Saint Patrick’s Day in Ireland. But the best is that people can take a day or a long weekend off. like: Thanksgiving Day in the United States. toothpaste bed + room . lifetime moon + light . Hotels. https://www.flickr. Example: air + port . Like when each country celebrates their Independence Day.

He is the ________________ 6. . 1. Example: dance .4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. il-. It is ___________________ 3. -or.illegible sense – nonsense believer – nonbeliever able – disable appear – disappear English uses suffixes –er.beggar burgle – burglar act – actor visit – visitor novel – novelist drama – dramatist ignore – ignorant account – accountant reside – resident study . There are a lot of types of boards. ir-.student Mexico – Mexican Peru – Peruvian music – musician Brazil – Brazilian employ – employee refuge – refugee 12. But kids use ________________________ 9. We have to be at the __________________ two hours before our flight leaves. -ent. Tony is looking for a stop for buses. It is a wallpaper. it is a _____________________ 5. Oh. Be careful! That paste is not for the feet. -ist. im-. a dining room and three ___________________ 10.inconvenient responsible –irresponsible regular – irregular legal – illegal legible . -ant. 115 12. Suffixes are added at the end of a word and prefixes are added at the beginning of a word. In this game the boys kick the ball with their foot. Some prefixes make the adjective in negative like: un-. -ian. Who is Abraham Levy? He tells us the weather. It is a _________________________ 8. He is looking for a __________________ 2. It must be __________________ 7. Here are some examples. -ar. you like the _____________________ 4. dis-. Where did you leave my book? I don’t know.3 PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES Suffixes and prefixes are important in any language. Complete the sentences with a compound noun (noun + noun). because they change the meaning of a word. -an. in-.officer beg . I like the light of the moon at night. Example: This paper is special for the wall. -ee in nouns for people. This house has a living room. Example: fortunate – unfortunate expected – unexpected partial – impartial perfect – imperfect visible –invisible convenient . This flower is very big and looks like the sun. non-.dancer office .

12. I’m too responsible at work. GRACE: I think I’m going to take my bikinis. Use the prefixed or suffixes learned. hotels. good news! RODNY: What’s up dear? GRACE: My friend Georgina from the travel agency made a travel package just for us! RODNY: Great! GRACE: Look. If you take advantage of travel agencies. My electric appliances are out of order.5 READING It is very helpful to arrange vacations with anticipation. 1. We are going to have a tour to Madrid. events and whatever you want to do in the journey. 2. READING COMPREHENSION 1. I’m ____________ 9. Sorry. you may go and enjoy your trip without spending more than what you paid to the agency. Change the words. 8. When you hire a travel agency. Which is the best way to plan a vacation? _______________________________________________________________ . here is the itinerary. Paul was an ____________ visit. My drawing is not perfect. What do you have to do before going on vacations? _______________________________________________________________ 2. It ______________ mysteriously. 10. She is ______________ now. RODNY: Don’t forget to put my trunks and your tankini. My sister lives in Brazil for 51 years. Travel agencies can provide a travel package made just for your needs. 5. it is ______________ 7. The __________ is the person who edits books. I need an _______________ 3. We didn’t expect visits yesterday. RODNY: …mm……and all of this just for $400? GRACE: Yes! Isn’t it great? RODNY: But of course! GRACE: Well I have to get ready and make the luggage. 4. This report is not complete. GRACE: Honey. We are going to be ___________ there. I am not _____________ on the contrary. The company employs ten new people as their ______________ 6. 116 B. cruises. it helps you and simplifies the process in planning a trip. RODNY: No. restaurants. They book flights. your tankini is best. His wallet didn’t appear.

luggage equipaje. helpful útil. nonsense sin sentido 31. culture cultura 13. moonlight luz de luna 29. holidays feriados 19. fortunate afortunado 17. ateo. asilado 36. agente. itinerary itinerario 22. en algún lugar 38. amusement entretenimiento 3. burgle robar 12. What do travel agencies provide? _______________________________________________________________ 4. provechoso 18. agnóstico 30. somewhere en alguna parte. kick patear 24. appear aparecer 4. journey travesía 23. toothpaste pasta de dientes 41. sunflower girasol 39. nonbeliever incrédulo. 117 3. dancer bailarín 14. offer oferta 32.6 VOCABULARY 1. refugee refugiado. Which good news did Grace have? _______________________________________________________________ 12. beggar mendigo 7. de por vida. which is the advantage? _______________________________________________________________ 6. Independence Day Día de la Independencia 20. employee empleado 16. believer creyente 8. boyfriend novio. appliance aparato 5. tankini dos piezas (tapa más que el bikini) 40. directivo 33. officer oficial. arrange arreglar 6. migrate emigrar 28. package paquete 34. skateboard patineta 37. Ireland Irlanda 21. day off día libre 15. refuge refugio 35. maletas 27. mejor amigo 10. launch lanzar 25. lifetime vida. What can they do? _______________________________________________________________ 5. burglar ladrón 11. trunks ropa de baño de hombre . book reservar 9. durante la vida 26. advantage ventaja 2. If you hire a travel agency.

what’s up ¿qué pasa? 12. Do you feel my heart beating? Do you understand? Do you feel the same? Is this burning an eternal flame? Am I only dreaming? Close your eyes. Do you feel my heart beating? https://www. I don’t want to lose this feeling.com/photo Do you understand? s/farehamwine/15506641870/ Do you feel the same? Am I only dreaming? Ah. papel de pared 46. darling Do you feel my heart beating? Do you understand? Do you feel the same? I believe. (repeat) And then come and ease the pain. darling I watch you when you are sleeping.com/watch?v=qNDifMyQuv8&index=1&list=PLUijIvVOD- uwb2wrkru0KmrYR1FqFBlnu) .7 SONG: Check the mistakes. darling. oh Close your eyes. unfortunate desafortunado 45. unable incapaz 43. it’s meant to be. unexpected inesperado 44.flickr. Do you feel the same? Am I only dreaming? Is this burning an eternal flame? You belong with me. Do you feel my heart beating? Do you feel the same? Do you understand? Am I only dreaming? Or is this burning an eternal flame? Close your eyes. weatherman hombre del tiempo 47. Do you feel the same? Am I only dreaming? Or is this burning an eternal flame? Say my name https://www. wallpaper papel para empapelar. kypeanut/4258271749 A whole life so lonely. 118 42. give me your hand.flickr. ETERNAL FLAME (The Bangles) Close your eyes. give me your hand. give me your hand. darling.youtube. An eternal flame (Repeat again) (https://www.com/photos/spoo Sun shines through the rain. give me your hand.

because he ____________ a. go home c. have a break b. go left b. a. Ask for travel packages and prices. have a baby c. I can’t speak because I _____________ a. go to sleep . We expect to ____________ at your party tomorrow. I’m going to __________ with Charles. have a bath c. go wrong 6. go blind 7. has the flu d. have something in common 5. a. Tomorrow. have a chance c. have a rest d. it’s 8 o’clock. go astray b. Finally. the babies have to _____________. These children love to _____________ all around the house. a. have a relationship d. go on a date c. Ramón is sick in bed. have a good time b. The manager is going to ____________ for an international seminar. ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A. have an excuse 2. go skiing b. has tea 4. have lunch 3. go abroad d. go online d. a. go sailing d. go running c. have a headache b. has time b. Then write a report of what you learned. a. 119 ACTIVITY Look for a travel agency and find out about a special place you want to go. have a sore throat d. Choose the correct answer: collocations 1. has a look c.

a. play by the rules b. do push-ups d. do your nails b. do judo b. a. Don’t forget to ____________ of your vacation for tomorrow. play down d. do it yourself 10. Don’t worry. 120 8. I don’t like Samantha because she doesn’t _______________ a. do harm c. do the shopping c. do a report . You must _____________ to finish this job. play cricket 9. play chess c. do your best d.

Richmond Publishing. Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. .com/compound_nouns. Q.htm http://www. John (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. Macmillan Publishers Limited • Jones-Macziola.com/Main%20Page/Topics/Compound%20Word% 20Lists/Compound_Word_%20Lists_complete.com/watch?v=OmOQIkmWsuM https://www.com/rootchart. H.htm http://www. Oxford.html http://www.com/watch?v=e7RhxZvq-04 https://www.prefixsuffix.php?f=compound_words http://www. 121 ON-LINE EXPLORING Compound nouns http://www. MM Publications.com/student/vocabulary/3v11-compound-nouns.esl-lounge.com/spelling/prefixes-and-suffixes https://www.teflgames.php https://www.learningdifferences. Norman. • Murphy. OUP • Eastwood.englishclub.englisch-hilfen.com/reading/bestpractices/vocabulary/pdf/prefixes_suffix es.com/vocab/build/building.youtube.com/grammar/prefixsuffix/ https://www. New York. 3° Ed. New York. Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead.myenglishteacher. Cambridge.youtube.manythings. (2009) Traveller Beginners.youtube.org/vocabulary/lists/a/words.php http://teacher. Gran Bretaña. Oxford.htm Prefixes and suffixes https://en.scholastic. Intermediate. Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar.pdf http://www.com/grammar/nouns-compound-quiz.uefap.enchantedlearning.com/watch?v=RU3nOixxwos BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES • Coe.de/en/exercises/structures/compounds. • Gardner Ian y otros (2004) Style 1. Elementary.eu/blog/prefixes-suffixes-list/ http://www. Cambridge University Press • Mitchell.htm http://www. Cambridge University Press • Seligson Paul (2012) Essential American English 2.oxforddictionaries. Cambridge. Oxford University Press.

Gary and Steve aren’t at home. (sing) B. (catch) 6. 10. They are living in their ___________ 9. Jim Carrey acted in the film ‘A Series of ____________ Events’. The _____________ didn’t get on time and the fire grew big. Football players ____________________ exercise more often. The engineers ___________________ a new vehicle for the moon. 6. The _______________ stopped our car and asked some questions. 5. 7. (play) 10. We have an ____________ in processing your orders. Tankinis ____________________ out of fashion next summer. 2. (do) 8. Only ___________ people lose their time doing nothing. 122 SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT FOUR DATE: __________________________ GRADE: NAME: __________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ A. Our Chief of Human Resources ___________________ 5 employees. VOCABULARY: (5 points) unfortunate inconvenient impartial officer dramatist ignorant fire engine ambulance yacht sail boat 1. (have) 7. (go) 9. Sam ______________________ this weekend. 3. Sunders______________________ his cards right to win the contract. Judges have to be very _______________ when they do their duties. Stella’s party is going to be in a __________ 8. (design) 3. The policeman__________________ the bugglar soon. Please. (employ) 4. 4. Mr. A judge ________________ an audience tomorrow. call an ___________ and take care of the children! . William Shakespeare was one of the most famous _____________. (practice) 2. Silvana __________________ accounting next year. Keneth and Kim ___________________like proffesional singers tonight. (work) 5. GRAMMAR: (5 points) Write the verb in the future: 1.

6. READING COMPREHENSION (5 points) Living in a big city means to leave with many. the firemen and an ambulance. What are they planning after the film? _______________________________________________________________ 8. Who do you have to be careful with? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. many people around you. Who likes action movies? _______________________________________________________________ 9. 123 C. . What does living in a big city mean? ____________________________________________________________________ 2. you have to be careful with others: cars and people. What is important not to forget? ____________________________________________________________________ D. Where are Sandra and Glenn going? _______________________________________________________________ 7. This creates a lot of problems. For example: the traffic. What creates a lot of problems? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. LISTENING: (5 points) Answer the following questions about the listening. Don’t forget to carry your ID with you. 1. If you drive your car. Who likes to eat japanese food? _______________________________________________________________ 10. Which numbers are important to know? ____________________________________________________________________ 5. Where did they decide to eat? _______________________________________________________________ Total 20 points. If there is an accident you must know the numbers to call the police.

124 ANSWER KEY .

1. Is preparing 5.1 ANSWER THE QUESTIONS Write your answer according to your experience. Is forgetting 9. Fixes 8. Smells 5. Come here! / Come here. Is running 2. Don’t speak! 6. 1. Are 9. 125 UNIT ONE LESSON 1 1. Is thinking 8. 5. Have 1. please. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in simple present. Is running 7. Pass 7. Watch 10. Mixes 6. Crashes 8. Smells B. please. Wake 11. Eats 6. Is taking 1. Are watching 4. Carry 3. Is working 6. Don’t sit down! . Doesn’t 12. Be quiet! 2. Like 13. 1. Close the door! / Close the door. Gets 7. 3. Gets 2. 4. Takes 5. please. Like 10. Brushes 4. Tries 4. Leaves 14. Washes 3. Is waiting 10.3 PRESENT CONTINUOUS: READING COMPREHENSION 1.2 SIMPLE PRESENT: READING COMPREHENSION 1. Study! / Study. Puts 2.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. Is 3. Works 9. Change the sentences into imperatives.

Would you like a cup of tea? 7. 5. LESSON 2 2. 9. Would you like some cookies? B. Were 6. / Do walk slowly. 7. Don’t be late! / Let’s not be late. Was 2. French and other restaurants. Would you like some cheese? 3. Read aloud! / Let’s read aloud. / Do stop playing. It’s white rice with sweet and sour pork. 1. Don’t play! / Let’s not play. Dance here. Because it is before their class. Was C. C. Stop playing! / Let’s stop playing. Were 8. It’s Wonton Soup and Kam-lu Wonton. Change the sentences in exercise A into questions. Offer your guest the following: 1. Don’t read comics! / Let’s not read comics. 3. 6. Walk slowly! / Let’s walk slowly. Would you like some wine? 4. they aren’t. 4. Would you like a hamburger? 9. Russian. Was 3. Don’t be late! / Let’s not be late. Was the engineer in his car yesterday? . were. 4. Would you like a new dress? 6. They are eating together once a week. 6. It opens at 12 o’clock. Were 7. Would you like Chinese food? 10. / Do read aloud. please. Would you like some fruit? 8. Play chess! / Let’s play chess. 8. 2. 126 7. 10. Read books. Let’s go to the beach. 2. 9. / Do play chess. 10. Go! / Let’s go. Was 5. 5. No. Were 4. Was 10. Make imperative sentences. Was 9. 3. 8. 1. Would you like a piece of cake? 2.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. / Do keep quiet. They plan to visit: Italian. Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb to be: was. please. / Do go. as many as you can.6 READING AND LISTENING 1. Would you like an ice cream cone? 5. Keep quiet! / Let’s keep quiet. Don’t sleep! / Let’s not sleep. 1. 1.

. Weren’t 10. Whose child was injured at school? 10. Complete the sentences in the negative form of the verb: wasn’t. Were the children at school in the morning? 6. Who played with the cat last night? 5. Was this house very dirty and ugly? 3. 1. Were the bricks on the roof? 7. And the music selection is fabulous! MIRIAM: Thank you! I’m really glad that you enjoy. Was George our foreman last year? D. Weren’t E. weren’t. Who is studying medicine in the garden? 6. chips with chili. not at all. Whose papers were on top of the bookshelf? 9. Were Sandra. Tina and Sue at the party with John? 8.6 READING 1. her friends and her sisters. Who is cleaning Pablo’s office? 2. SAM: These pizzas are great! FRIDA: Yes??? MIRIAM: But of course! They were made by Frida! SAM: Wow! Excellent Frida!!! FRIDA: Oh. Make questions from the following sentences with: who or whose. They were dancing. 2. tea. It was for Stella and Tim because they don’t eat meat. 127 2. 5. eating and having fun. COMPLETE THE DIALOG FROM THE LISTENING: SAM: What a good idea Miriam. Who is in bed with the flu? 3. They were eating nachos. This is a great party! FRIDA: Yes. it is dear sister. sodas. 4. crackers with cheese and spread. There were Miriam. Wasn’t 3. Wasn’t 5. Was that executive the head of my department? 10. Wasn’t 9. Weren’t 7. Weren’t 6. It was yesterday. Was the restaurant in front of my parents’ house? 5. Weren’t 4. 1. Whose toys are in that box? 8. Frida was the cook. MIRIAM: Yeah. Was the operator in the office at a quarter to eight? 9. 3. Whose dog went to Tom’s house and broke his bone? 7. Who was driving home when he had a car crash? 4. she is an excellent cook. 6. Wasn’t 8. Were the buildings in Mexico City? 4. SAM: Definitely! FRIDA: Please don’t. beer and so forth. Wasn’t 2. Whose notes are those? 2.

But why Macbeth? MRS. JONES: Yes. it was love at first sight! 3. Were there five trees behind the house? 5. MISS PENN: Why do you like it so much? Do you like tragedies? MRS. Were there tomatoes. I saw that movie. 5. my father was a great Shakespeare fan. There were 10. Was there a ghost in the house? 2. she isn’t. This is our tenth. there wasn’t a helicopter and a train. Were there B.3 LISTENING MR. Was there a person fixing his car? 4. JONES: Oh. MR. Were there rats in the garage? 7. Change the sentences in part A into negative. MISS PENN: That’s very interesting.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. 6. There wasn’t a big apple on the boy’s head. There was 5. but especially if they play Macbeth. Complete the sentences with: There was – there were 1. Change the following sentences into questions. 1. There was 2. 9. JONES: Because my father in law was in a Macbeth play when he met her wife. This is the first time I see Macbeth. There was 8. JONES: Oh. Jones. SAM: No doubt. There wasn’t a van full of children in front of the bookstore. There were 3. MR. Was there a computer in the living room? 6. There were 7. There weren’t three trucks and two cars in the street. 1. There wasn’t an ambulance in front of the cinema yesterday. Were there twenty guests at the Hotel? 3. 7. . MR. I’m tired because there wasn’t a party all night. dear. Shell at 4:00 this afternoon? 9. Was there a meeting with Mr. JONES: Yes. 2. There weren’t ten men changing dollars in Ocoña. JONES: Yes. oranges and peas in the fridge? 8. There were 4. MRS. You are a nice family!! LESSON 3 3. There were 6. It is a tradition. She’s our sister Stella. There weren’t two boats on the sea last night. we come every season. SAM: Is that your friend Rita? FRIDA: No. 3. 8. JONES: Not really. Was there a storm last night? 10. Yesterday. MIRIAM: Stella was helping me organizing this meeting. Macbeth is my favorite! This play was really great! MISS PENN: I’m glad to know that Mr. 4. 128 MIRIAM: She is very humble. There was 9. Were there a lot of books on the shelves? C. there weren’t a lot of people at the stadium.

Answer the following questions. 7. There was 7. Richard’s leg was injured in the car crash. Because it was Friday and there was an important soccer game. 8. There were B. 8. There are usually twenty five students. Do / want 5. Valerie’s sister is the most attractive. There were only six. There was 5. My baby is crying. Buys 8. Does / teach 6. 3. How many people were not there at the meeting yesterday? 3. There were 3. There were 4. 1. Study 4. Goes 2. 129 10. There was 8. It was a bad day. 5. 5. Harry Hughes performs the best blueprints in the company. This is the teacher’s car. 10. 3. 9. Because there were less than ten students in her class. It was a very hot day. 4. 2. Read 7. There were 10. Choose the correct answer: there was / there were 1. Feels . 4. Eats 3. Spain won the football match. it was very difficult for the students to read. Some students studied for the exam. They were reading Macbeth. Camila’s dress is the most beautiful today. 6. Othello and Hamlet by Shakespeare. No. The thief took your handbag. SELF ASSESSMENT – UNIT ONE A.5 READING 1. 2. There was 2. 6. ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A. GRAMMAR: Complete the sentences with the present tense: 1. There were 6. 7. Asks 9. Bobby is at the door. There was 9.

bug 9. asking for permission and saying “hello” and “good bye”. 3. honey 10. giving thanks. He was always in a disco. He was always watching TV and playing packman all day long. fireworks 7. 2. 1. 4. VOCABULARY: Unscramble the letters. He was always smiling. onions 2. turkey C. D. chips 3. . bacon 4. 1. 5. He was thin and tall. COMPREHENSION: Answer the following questions. parades 8. He was a nice little boy. Answer according your circumstances. lamb 5. Run B. READING: Read the text and answer the questions below. 130 10. tonight 6.

After a week there. Didn’t walk 4. Did Harry talk to the workers about the new building? 4. Lived 2. 131 UNIT TWO LESSON 4 4. He was Bob. Clark hire an engineer named Harry Hughes? 3. Complete the sentences with the simple pasts of the verb in negative. Looked 7. washed her clothes and cooked. LISTENING: Listen carefully and write down the regular verbs and the endings you hear. She planned a trip to the Rocky Mountain National Park. Complete the sentences with the verb in the simple past. Did you live in Barranco last year? 2. 1. Did you name the little cat “Pussy”? 9. 1. Wanted 10. Did Mr. Change the sentences in part A into questions. 6. Didn’t catch 10. 5. Did the workers need more bricks to work faster? 5. Didn’t like 2. she accepted to go. Named 9. She wanted some outdoor activities.6 READING COMPREHENSION 1. Called B. Didn’t cook 5. 2. 8. Painted 8. Needed 5. 1. No. Did the children paint the bird’s tail? 8. Didn’t wash 6. Clark worry about the bricks? 6. They wanted him to come back. Did Mr. Added /id/ . 7. Did Robert call a doctor yesterday? C.5 LANGUAGE CHECK A. Did they want to visit us yesterday? 10. Didn’t need 9. 1. Didn’t marry 7. She cleaned her house. Did Jane and Susan look for a job last week? 7. 3. Didn’t clean 8. It was Sally’s horse. Hired 3. Worried 6. Didn’t call 3. 4. Talked 4. Didn’t dance 4.

Did your father hurry home because it was late? 9. 1. . Ended /id/ 17. Doubted /id/ 13. Clark have a meeting? 8. B 7. 1. Did the secretary make some appointments for Mr. 3. I didn’t wait for you three hours at the cafeteria. 132 2. Caused /t/ 10. C 2. Dressed /t/ 14. Was the Principal in a meeting with the Dean? 3. Mr. Green? 2. Did your mother worry about your father because he was late? 10. Employed /d/ 15. Did they marry in Cali in 1975? 7. C 6. Brushed /t/ 4. Compared /d/ 5. We didn’t buy a new table last week. Did the city need a new highway? 5. Clark didn’t travel to London last year. B 4. A 10. Did the little boy carry his bag with difficulty? C. B B. Continued /d/ 7. Examined /d/ 18. Change the following sentences into questions. A 9. The dog didn’t eat the bone in the garden. 4. the engineer and Mr. Did the architect. Curved /d/ 6. A 5. Did the doctor find two nurses to help in the hospital? 4. Answered /d/ 3. Communicated /id/ 8. Harry didn’t go to work by car yesterday. Imagined /d/ LESSON 5 5. 1.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. C 8. Changed /t/ 9. Happened /d/ 20. Change the sentences into negative form. Fixed /t/ 19. Earned /d/ 16. 2. Developed /t/ 12. Choose the correct verb in the past tense. Decided /id/ 11. D 3. 5. Did you study engineering at the California University? 6.

sera. 9. They didn’t drink ten bottles of beer in an hour. Whatever will be. Why were the children fighting? 2. (Three days and ten more days.youtube.com/watch?v=CcWbZUgymkw When I was just a little girl I asked my mother: what will I be? Will I be pretty? Will I be rich? Here’s what she said to me: Que sera. The future is not ours to see. 133 6. He said that she has to eat more and better. Tim didn’t like to play tennis when he was a child. The future is not ours to see. sera What will be. Que sera. 1. She couldn’t sleep. Que sera. Now I have children of my own They ask their mother: what will I be? Will I be handsome? Will I be rich? I tell them tenderly: Que sera. She eat soup and tea. will be. sera. The children didn’t visit their grandparents last Sunday. 10. 5. 8. The future is not ours to see. She had a sore throat and high fever. It began three weeks ago. What did many people buy? 3. Whatever will be. The teacher didn’t have a laptop on her desk last week. will be. sera. day after day? Here’s what my sweetheart said: Que sera.5 READING: 1. will be. Que sera. will be. 6. Que sera. will be. Where is Wilmington? . 4. Make questions from the following sentences. sera What will be.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. 3. LISTENING: Listen to the following song and complete the information from: https://www. sera LESSON 6 6. Whatever will be. When I grew up and fell in love I asked my sweetheart what lies ahead.) 7. 7. Sheila wasn’t at work during the earthquake. Will we have rainbows. 2. Thirteen days. 5. She read the newspaper everyday and watched TV until she fell asleep. will be. sera What will be.

C. It means good news. 5. Who was in love with Juliet? 5. Went B. Because the papers were not ready. They were from South Africa. 3. Mark. 8. 1. They still do now. He took the subway to go to the Faculty. 6. Fell 6. A snake was behind the house. 2. Jesus Christ lived two thousand years ago. She got home by bus. We have a test every month. Germany. Italy. There were children from other countries. 4. 5.5 READING 1. Matthew. 8. 7. Answer the following questions. Left 9. 2. He lived in Denver. Changed 4. 2. Chile and Peru. Because she was too stubborn. Mark Twain wrote ‘Tom Sawyer’. Had 7. What did the Dean speak during the Congress? B. I waited two hours for Camille. What did Janet do? 6. 6. 10. Because of his teachings / knowledge. Who called at 3:30? 8. 10. He used to travel every day to school by bus. Was 3. When did the accident occur? 9. / He talked about the good tree and the rotten tree. 7. 9. Give additional information about yourself. What happened? 7. When were your vacations? 10. Appeared 8. Because Jesus by his death gave mankind the opportunity to recover what Adan and Eve lost. He used simple words and gave examples of daily life. 4. Called 10. Complete the sentences with the verb in the simple past. He talked about the broad road and the narrow road. Colorado. Luke and John. Answer according your circumstances. They called him ‘teacher’. Came 5. READING 1. 4. I left the car two blocks away. ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A. 9. . 3. 134 4. 6. 3. He called Fred yesterday. They are recorded in the Bible in four Gospels. Stopped 2. 1.

LISTENING Listen carefully to the reading and answer the questions: The first president of the United States was George Washington. A 6. Did 9. Read 3. C 7. Wrote 6. I gave her a golden fish for our first anniversary but soon it passed away. He was born in 1732 in Westmoreland County. He was a famed Italian explorer. I was playing Carnivals and my friends left me out of the room all wet with only my T-shirt and drawers. A 8. 135 5. He served in the colonial armies during the Revolution . Virginia. 1. C. Bought 10. Italy. Recorded 5. Came 2. 5. GRAMMAR: Complete the past tense of these verbs. It’s her favorite. Was B. VOCABULARY: Fill in the blanks in the blanks with the correct word in the correct tense: The first day I met Rose I fell in love with her. Looked 7. B 2. I remember that the radio was playing a nice reggae song. After three months we got engaged and celebrated dancing a waltz. C 3. 3. 6. D. 1. C 9. She was surprised that Harry spoke Spanish. It was to the Atlantic Ocean. He became a good friend of Mario. READING Read the text and answer the questions below. I ran out and crashed with her who gave me her scarf to cover myself. Spain helped him with the Santa Maria. He discovered ‘The New World’ in 1492. the Pinta and the Niña. D 4. B SELF ASSESSMENT – UNIT TWO A. I would never forget. 2. Choose the correct question word. Played 4. She was so sad that she broke up with me! C. 4. 1. C 5. He was born in Genoa. Ate 8. B 10.

136 before he became president in 1789. 2. He was a man of great personal integrity. He was born in 1732. 1. President’. In 1797. Many people suggested other titles but he preferred to be called ‘Mr. He became president in 1789. He passed away in 1799 after a bad cold. . 4. John Adams was the next president. He preferred to be called ‘Mr. 3. President’. he passed the government to John Adams and returned to Mount Vernon to live as a simple farmer. 5. George Washington was the first president of the United States.

2. Louis is a famous cook. How is the weather today? It’s foggy. Swimming B. How is the weather today? It’s rainy. 1. 7. . LESSON 8 8. / Because his sons and daughter are old. 6. How is the weather today? It’s cold. 5. Building 4. Is 5.1 LANGUAGE CHECK A. 3. Because they worked many years. Studying 10. 8. Are doing 9. Watch 2. 5. Change the verbs to the gerund –ing. Hates 10. Working 8. Is drawing 3. Because he is working for his last day. 7. 1. How is the weather today? It’s sunny. / Because he is 68. Calls C. Because his wife is the general manager. Are painting 8. 1. Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct tense: present simple or present progressive. 2. Carrying 9. Loves 6. Is barking 7. Taking 5. his son Andre is the bartender and his daughter Linda is the cashier.5 READING 1. 137 UNIT THREE LESSON 7 7. 7. 4. Walking 3. Talking 6. Likes 4.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. How is the weather today? It’s stormy. his son Dorian is the second cook. 6. 3. How is the weather today? It’s hot. How is the weather today? It’s windy. Dancing 2. They are going to Hawaii. He is the owner and main cook in his restaurant. 4. Meeting 7. Make questions and answer with the words given. Write the definite article THE where is needed. How is the weather today? It’s warm. His day begins buying vegetables fruit and meat in the market.

x 7. The 3. 1. 1. Is it enough for the dressing? B: Yes. The best 6. The most common LESSON 9 9. How much 3. The largest 3. Do we have any eggs? I can prepare some mayonnaise A: Yes we have an egg. The worst 7. X 2. Brighter than 5. x. Bigger than 4. X 5. It will be delicious! I promise! B: Complete the sentences with: how much or how many. x. How many 2. Dirtier than 9. The most beautiful 9. The biggest 10. A: Let’s have dinner together! B: Ok. Complete the sentences with the comparative form of adjectives. The 8. How many 4. Easier than 10. How much . Clearer than 8. How much 5. The B.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. X 10. The 9. The 4. And here is an onion. The 6. X. Smaller than 2. We have everything for a nice salad. Worse than 6. The smallest 4. B: Check the vegetable drawer. Taller than C. 138 1. 1. What do we have in the fridge? A: Let’s see… We have a lettuce and a carrot in the fridge. The tallest 5. The largest 2. The most dangerous 8. Complete the dialog with: a / an / some / any. Complete the sentences with the superlative form of adjectives. Larger than 3. Do we have any tomatoes? A: You are right! There are some tomatoes and an avocado. B: Excellent. Thinner than 7.

2. Are there any sandwiches in the lunchbox? Yes. Write five sentences and five questions using the words from the list. there isn’t any dressing in the salad. 5. / No. People ___C___ B: Write the correct article: a. D. there aren’t any vegetables in my basket. there is some lemonade in the jar. Does John like carrots and cheese? 9. Glasses ___C__ 8. The 3. Enjoy! ADDITIONAL EXERCISES A: Indicate if the noun is countable (C) or uncountable (U). Is there any sugar in the coffee? Yes. 1. there is some dressing in the salad. Tear up a piece of bread and put the pieces into a cup. Juice ___U___ 5. Milk ___U___ 2. Make questions and answer according to the example. How many 8. 4. Does the salad have any salt or dressing? 2. Bread ___U__ 9. John likes carrots and cheese. / No. there are some vegetables in my basket. Butter ___U___ 3. Is there any lemonade in the jar? Yes. Sentence example: 1. 3. / No. 1. Question example: 1. 5. Pour the mixture on top of the bread and mix. The salad doesn’t have any salt or dressing. / No. Whisk together: an egg. / No. Waiters ___C___ 4. there is some sugar in the coffee. How many 7. 6. an. 1. A 2. 3. there isn’t any sugar in the pot. 2 tablespoons of sugar. there are some sandwiches in the lunchbox. 4. the or nothing. Are there any vegetables in your basket? Yes. 2 tablespoons of milk and 1 tablespoon of melted butter. The . 139 6. Is there any dressing in the salad? Yes. / No. Children ___C__ 6. How much C. Put the cup with the mixture in the microwave for 2 minutes. 2. Bottle ___C__ 10. there aren’t any sandwiches in the lunchbox. there is some soup in the pot. Scientists ___C__ 7. X 4. there isn’t any lemonade in the jar.5 LISTENING: Bread Pudding for one recipe: 1. there isn’t any sugar in the coffee. Is there any soup in the pot? Yes. 2.

How much 9. The hottest 5. any 1. Reads 2. GRAMMAR: Complete the sentences with the present tense or the present continuous: 1. The / x 8. X 10. There were also some appetizers that the children brought. how much. 140 5. They were celebrating the last day of classes. How much 2. Any 3. U 2. The 9. An 6. 1. Any 10. Colder B. The most beautiful 2. Is making 4. The 7. Some / any 4. Easier than 3. How many 7. Sophia was a little frightened because she is very shy. U . How many SELF ASSESSMENT – UNIT THREE A. Are running 5. and there were chips and dip for all the children. Everybody was very excited. Write if the noun is countable (C) or uncountable (U). Harder than 4. Any 6. U 5. There was a party in the classroom. Some 8. There was a lot of food to eat. some. Only Chris was angry because she never likes parties. C 3. VOCABULARY Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the square. C 4. No one was unhappy. Am writing Give the comparative or superlative form of the adjective: 1. the C: Write where appropriate: how many. Watch 3. The teacher prepared some vegetable salad with a very tasty dressing. How many 5.

There was a party in the class. LISTENING Answer the following questions from the listening. Yes. C 7. U C. 5. Schuller invited Paul. C 9. D. He is searching about wild life. 4. He had the chance to go on safari and see wild animals in their habitats. . C 10. He enjoyed the trip. He is planning to visit Republic of the Congo next year. Sophia danced with Chris. She enjoyed playing with Sophia. to learn about the gorillas. 141 6. Dr. Paul Rogers is in Kenya. 2. 1. He is there searching about wild life. Dr. 3. C 8. Paul is so excited with this job that he can’t think in anything else. 3. She prepared many games for the children. he did. Schuller invited Paul to help him in his research. She was early at school and wanted to play with Sophia. 1. READING: Read the text and answer the questions below. 2. 5. He is planning to visit Republic of the Congo to learn about the gorillas. 4. Paul is in Kenya.

The accountant is going to record the accounts in the books. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate collocation in the correct verb tense. The architect is going to design a huge building complex. 6. A 2. 3. Have a rest 7. 142 UNIT FOUR LESSON 10 10. C 10. 4. 8. 9. The Wilsons are going to send their children to a French school. 2. Is the foreman going to supervise the work of the laborers? 10. Have a good time 3. Is Mr. D 4. 1. Has the flu . Are Claire and Bob going to raise three children? 4.4 LANGUAGE CHECK A. Have a look 6. B 6. 7. Raul is going to visit Tania and Alma in summer. Is the architect going to design a huge building complex? C. Change your answers in section A into questions. Are the Wilsons going to send their children to a French school? 3. Mr. Thompson going to train his dog at the Dog Park? 5. B. C 8. B 3. Dina and Sabrina going to enjoy their vacations in Hawaii? 7. Thompson is going to train his dog at the Dog Park. Is the engineer going to ensure that the building design is safe? 9. Have a chance 8. Dina and Sabrina are going to enjoy their vacations in Hawaii. 1. Is Raul going to visit Tania and Alma in summer? 2. The foreman is going to supervise the work of the laborers. Has lunch 4. Are going to have an appointment 5. Choose the correct verb tense. Change the verb to the future using ‘be going to’: 1. Are Elizabeth. Claire and Bob are going to raise three children. Elizabeth. 5. 10. A 9. Is Miss Wanda going to write letters in German? 6. Have fun 2. Have time 9. A D. A 7. The engineer is going to ensure that the building design is safe. 1. B 5. Is the accountant going to record the accounts in the books? 8. Miss Wanda is going to write letters in German.

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10. Have tea
10.6 LISTENING
TREVOR: Jamie, do you want to go to the movies?
JAMES: Of course, you know how I love movies!
TREVOR: Do you remember the last movie we saw together?
JAMES: Yes, indeed. It was one ‘of all time’. What was its name?
TREVOR: It was ‘Titanic’. I will never forget. My mother, my grandmother and my
sister would never forget that I didn’t take them with me.
JAMES: Oh! I remember, too! All the girls in the cinema were crying!
TREVOR: Yes, that’s why I want to see something different.
JAMES: What do you have in mind?
TREVOR: I just want to have fun tonight, so… Why don’t we go and see ‘Keeping up
with the Joneses’?
JAMES: Mmmm. I don’t know about that film. Is it a romantic film?
TREVOR: No, it’s an action-comedy film.
JAMES: Good! I don’t like romantic films. I prefer some action.
TREVOR: Don’t worry friend. I chose something we can have a good time.
JAMES: What is it about?
TREVOR: It’s about a couple who suspects about their perfect neighbors and end in
the middle of an international espionage plot.
JAMES: Excellent! Won’t be boring.
TREVOR: Not at all.
JAMES: Ok, let’s go.
LESSON 11
11.3 LANGUAGE CHECK
A. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate collocation in the correct verb tense.
1. Went out of business
2. Go to sleep
3. Go on foot
4. Played rugby
5. Goes abroad
6. Played chess
7. Plays by the rules
8. Went on
9. Plays board games
10. Plays down
11.6 READING COMPREHENSION
1. An initiative to go green.
2. It looks for taking into consideration the responsible care for our environment,
protecting the health of the communities.
3. It operates in all 50 U.S. states and in 73 countries.
4. Jill Buck is its founder.
5. She teaches that to become energy efficient you have to lower the amount of
energy you consume first.
6. Yes, it is. We need to help our eco-system in order to continue living.
LESSON 12
12.4 LANGUAGE CHECK
A. Complete the sentences with a compound noun (noun + noun).

144

1. Bus stop
2. Football
3. Moonlight
4. Sunflower
5. Weatherman
6. Somewhere
7. Toothpaste
8. Skateboards
9. Bedrooms
10. Airport
B. Change the words. Use the prefixed or suffixes learned.
1. Tourists
2. Electrician
3. Editor
4. Brazilian
5. Employees
6. Incomplete
7. Irresponsible
8. Imperfect
9. Disappear
10. Unexpected

12.5 READING COMPREHENSION
1. We have to arrange vacations with anticipation.
2. The best way is to hire a travel agency.
3. Travel agencies can provide a travel package made just for your needs.
4. They book flights, cruises, hotels, restaurants, events and whatever you want to
do in the journey.
5. You may go and enjoy your trip without expending more than what you paid for
the agency.
6. She told her husband about her friend Georgina.

12.7 SONG: Check and find the mistakes

ETERNAL FLAME (The Bangles)

Close your eyes, give me your hand, darling
Do you feel my heart beating?
Do you understand?
Do you feel the same?
Am I only dreaming?
Is this burning an eternal flame?

I believe, it’s meant to be, darling
I watch you when you are sleeping.
You belong with me.
Do you feel the same?
Am I only dreaming?
Or is this burning an eternal flame?

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Say my name
Sun shines through the rain.
A whole life so lonely. (repeat)
And then come and ease the pain.
I don’t want to lose this feeling, oh

Close your eyes, give me your hand.
Do you feel my heart beating?
Do you understand?
Do you feel the same?
Am I only dreaming?
Or is this burning an eternal flame?

Close your eyes, give me your hand, darling.
Do you feel my heart beating?
Do you understand?
Do you feel the same?
Am I only dreaming?
And, is this burning an eternal flame?

Close your eyes, give me your hand, darling.
Do you feel my heart beating?
Do you understand?
Do you feel the same?
Am I only dreaming? Ah.
An eternal flame
(Repeat again)

ADDITIONAL EXERCISES
A. Choose the correct answer: collocations
1. A
2. D
3. C
4. C
5. C
6. B
7. D
8. A
9. C
10. D

SELF ASSESSMENT – UNIT FOUR
A. GRAMMAR
Complete the verb in the future:
1. Is going to practice
2. Are going to design
3. Is going to employ
4. Is going to have
5. Is going to catch
6. Is going to have
7. Are going to do

They are planning to eat something. Sandra would like to see a romantic movie. 3. Glenn likes action movies. They decided to see a romantic-action movie. the firemen and an ambulance. Are going to go 9. 5. Glenn likes Japanese food. Officer 3. Ambulance C. Sandra likes italian food and Glenn likes japanese food. D. Dramatist 2. Sail boat / yatch 9. Is going to play 10. 4. It means to leave with many. Yacht / sail boat 8. Inconvenient 5. They are going to the cinema. LISTENING Sandra and Glenn are going to the cinema tomorrow. You have to be careful with others: cars and people. They are planning to eat something after the film. VOCABULARY 1. Fire engine 10. 2. The numbers to call the police. 4. 146 8. So they decided to go to an international restaurant. They have to decide where to eat. Impartial 4. many people around you. . Are going to sing B. 5. Ignorant 6. Don’t forget to carry your ID with you. READING COMPREHENSION 1. Living in a big city and the traffic. Unfortunate 7. 3. They decided to go to an international restaurant. 2. But Glenn likes action movies. What a good friend! 1.

*nacer Beat beating beat beaten golpear Become becoming became become llegar a ser Begin beginning began begun empezar Behold beholding beheld beheld mirar/ver Bend bending bent bent doblar Bereave bereaving bereaved/bereft bereaved/bereft desolar Beseech beseeching besought besought rogar Beset besetting beset beset acosar Bestride bestriding bestrode bestridden dominar Bet betting bet/betted bet apostar Bid bidding bade/bid bidden/bid ofrecer Bide biding bode/bided bided esperar Bind binding bound bound unir/pegar Bite biting bit bitten morder Bleed bleeding bled bled sangrar Blend blending blended blended mezclar Blow blowing blew blown soplar Break breaking broke broken romper Breed breeding bred bred criar Bring bringing brought brought traer Build building built built construir Burn burning burnt/burned burnt/burned quemar Burst bursting burst burst explotar Buy buying bought bought comprar Cast casting cast cast arrojar Catch catching caught caught coger Chide chiding chid/chided chid/chidden regañar Choose choosing chose chosen escoger Cleave cleaving clove/cleaved cloven/cleaved adherir Cling clinging clung clung adherirse Clothe clothing clothed/clad clothed/clad vestir Come coming came come venir Cost costing cost cost costar . 147 LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS INFINITIVE CONTINOUS PAST PAST PARTICIPLE SPANISH Abide abiding abode abode permanecer Arise arising arose arisen levantarse Awake awaking awoke awoken/awaked despertar Be (am. are) being was/were been ser/estar Bear bearing bore born soportar. is.

148 Creep creeping crept crept arrastrarse Crow crowing crowed crowed cacarear Cut cutting cut cut cortar Dare daring dared dared desafiar Deal dealing dealt dealt pactar Dig digging dug dug cavar Dive diving dove/dived dived zambullirse Do(does) doing did done hacer Drag dragging dragged dragged arrastrar Draw drawing drew drawn dibujar Dream dreaming dreamt dreamt soñar Drink drinking drank drunk beber Drive driving drove driven manejar Dwell dwelling dwelt dwelt habitar Eat eating ate eaten comer Fall falling fell fallen caer Feed feeding fed fed alimentar Feel feeling felt felt sentir Fight fighting fought fought pelear Find finding found found encontrar Fit fitting fit fit acomodar Flee fleeing fled fled huir Fling flinging flung flung arrojar Fly flying flew flown volar Forbid forbidding forbade forbidden prohibir Forget forgetting forgot forgotten olvidar Forgive forgiving forgave forgiven perdonar Forsake forsaking forsook forsaken abandonar Freeze freezing froze frozen helar Get getting got got/gotten conseguir Give giving gave given dar Go going went gone ir Grave graving graved graven/graved grabar Grind grinding ground ground moler Grow growing grew grown crecer Hang hanging hung hung colgar Have (has) having had had tener Hear hearing heard heard escuchar Hew hewing hewed hewed/hewn talar Hide hiding hid hidden esconder .

149 Hit hitting hit hit pegar Hold holding held held sostener Hurt hurting hurt hurt herir Inlay inlaying inlaid inlaid incrustar Keep keeping kept kept mantener Kneel kneeling knelt knelt arrodillarse Knit knitting knit/knitted knit/knitted tejer Know knowing knew known conocer Lay laying laid laid colocar Lead leading led led dirigir Lean leaning leaned/leant leaned/leant inclinarse Leap leaping leaped/leapt leaped/leapt saltar Learn learning learned/learnt learned/learnt aprender Leave leaving left left dejar Lend lending lent lent prestar Let letting let let permitir Lie lying lay lain acostarse Light lighting lighted lighted/lit encender Lose losing lost lost perder Make making made made fabricar/hacer Mean meaning meant meant querer decir Meet meeting met met encontrar Misspend misspending misspent misspent malgastar Mistake mistaking mistook mistaken equivocarse Mow mowing mowed mowed/mown segar Overcome overcoming overcame overcome sobreponerse Overeat overeating overate overeaten comer de más Overrun overrunning overran overrun plagar Oversee overseeing oversaw overseen inspeccionar Pay paying paid paid pagar Put putting put put poner Quit quitting quit quit renunciar Read reading read read leer Rebuild rebuilding rebuilt rebuilt reconstruir Rend rending rent rent desgarrar Resell reselling resold resold revender Retell retelling retold retold recontar Rewrite rewriting rewrote rewritten corregir Rid ridding rid/ridded rid/ridded desembarazar Ride riding rode ridden montar .

150 Ring ringing rang rung llamar por tel. Rise rising rose risen subir Rive riving rived riven/rived rasgar Run running ran run correr Saw sawing sawed sawed/sawn serruchar Say saying said said decir See seeing say seen ver Seek seeking sought sought buscar Sell selling sold sold vender Send sending sent sent enviar Set setting set set (dis)poner Sew sewing sewed sewn/sewed coser Shake shaking shook shaken sacudir Shave shaving shaved shaven/shaved afeitar Shear shearing sheared sheared rapar Shed shedding shed shod verter Shine shinning shone shone brillar Shoe shoeing shod shod calzar Shoot shooting shot shot disparar Show showing showed shown mostrar Shrink shrinking shrank shrunk encoger Shut shutting shut shut cerrar Sing singing sang sung cantar Sink sinking sank/sunk sunk/sunken hundir Sit sitting sat sat sentarse Slay slaying slew slain asesinar Sleep sleeping slept slept dormir Slide sliding slid slid resbalar Sling slinging slung slung tirar Slink slinking slunk slunk escabullirse Slit slitting slit slit rajar Smell smelling smelt smelt oler Smite smiting smote smitten golpear Sow sowing sowed sown sembrar Speak speaking spoke spoken hablar Speed speeding sped sped apresurar Spell spelling spelled spelled deletrear Spend spending spent spent gastar Spin spinning spun spun girar Spit spitting spit spit escupir .

151 Split splitting split split dividir Spoil spoiling spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt estropear Spread spreading spread spread estenderse Spring springing sprang sprung saltar Stand standing stood stood levantarse Stave staving staved/stove staved/stove desfondar Steal stealing stole stolen robar Stick sticking stuck stuck pegarse Sting stinging stung stung pinchar Stink stinking stank stunk apestar Stride striding strode stridden caminar Strike striking struck struck golpear String stringing strung strung encordar Strive striving strove striven esforzarse Swear swearing swore sworn jurar Sweat sweating sweat sweat sudar Sweep sweeping swept swept barrer Swell swelling swelled swelled/swollen hinchar Swim swimming swam swum nadar Swing swinging swung swung balancear Take taking took taken tomar Teach teaching taught taught enseñar Tear tearing tore torn rasgar Tell telling told told decir Think thinking thought thought pensar Thrive thriving throve/thrived thriven prosperar Throw throwing threw thrown tirar Thrust thrusting thrust thrust empujar Tread treading trod trodden/trod pisar Underfeed underfeeding underfed underfed desnutrir Undersell underselling undersold undersold vender x - Understand understanding understood understood entender Undo undoing undid undone deshacer Wake waking woke woken despertar Wear wearing wore worn vestir Weave weaving wove woven tejer Wed wedding wedded wed casarse Weep weeping wept wept llorar Wet wetting wet wet mojar Win winning won won ganar .

152 Wind winding wound wound enrollar Withdraw withdrawing withdrew withdrawn retirar Withhold withholding withheld withheld retener Withstand withstanding withstood withstood aguantar Wring wringing wrung wrung retorcer Write writing wrote written escribir *Solo en voz pasiva. Estos verbos tienen el pasado y el pasado participio idénticos y solamente se les agrega –ed al final. Ejemplos: Look looking looked looked mirar Record recording recorded recorded registrar Translate translating translated translated traducer Want wanting wanted wanted querer . NOTA: Los verbos que no se encuentran en esta lista son verbos regulares.