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User’s Guide

Diagnostic Card
User’s Guide


User’s Guide

Diagnostic Card is a powerful diagnostic tool for technicians and administrators to troubleshoot
various problems of IBM compatible PCs. It is easy to install, yet extremely powerful to use. With
Diagnostic Card in hand, you no longer have to go through tedious and time consuming process of
trying to figure out what is wrong with your PC hardware. Diagnostic Card will tell you exactly
what is wrong with your PC in just seconds. It saves you time and money.

Our new and improved design of Diagnostic Card diagnostic card can work with almost all
popular types of CPUs, Motherboards, and BIOSes..

Diagnostic Card is a trademark of Winter Consultant Inc. with all rights reserved. IBM PC, PCjr,
IBM PC XT, IBM AT, and PS/2 are trademarks of international Business Machines Co., Inc.
Pentium is a trademark of Intel Corporation.

System Requirements
The Diagnostic Card itself only requires an empty PCI or ISA expansion slot. It is not necessary to
install memory chips to perform analysis. “POST Codes” can be displayed through the
hexadecimal display panel on the Diagnostic Card itself.

Tech Support
l Tech Support (852) 9656 3412

Diagnostic Card INDICATORS
‘Indicators’ are any light emitting diodes(LED) or hexadecimal display panel that may be
mounted on an Diagnostic Card. This section discusses the following indicators that appear on the
Diagnostic Card:
l Dual POST Code Display

POST Code Display
The POST Code Display is made up of a dual, dot matrix hexadecimal read-out that displays
Power On Self Test (POST) status codes.


Should be on all the time otherwise there is a short circuit. -5V Power Supply. 12-Volt Negative. Flashes when CPU reads BIOS code. Should be on all the time otherwise there is a short circuit. 5V Power Supply. 2) Connect the second display by flat cable 3) Connect the build-in speaker and motherboard with speaker cable 4) Power on the machine.3V power supply to PCI slots. 3. Should be on under normal circumstances and flashes when a PCI Frame Signal is detected. PCI Signal Definition: CLK Motherboard Clock Signal. Should be on all the time otherwise there is a short circuit. The Diagnostic Card displays these codes during and after POST. Refer to Appendix A for a comprehensive listing of POST codes provided by BIOS manufacturers. OSC ISA Oscillation Indicator. Should be on all the time otherwise there is a short circuit. Some motherboards have 3. 12V Power Supply. BIOS BIOS Read Signal. 5-Volt Positive. Indicate ISA Oscillation Signal is available. this indicator should be on for an half second and then turned off. Should be on when power is supplied to the motherboard even without CPU. INSTALLING Diagnostic Card Installation Procedure TO INSTALL A Diagnostic Card: 1) Install the Diagnostic Card in any available PCI or ISA expansion slot. After power on or reset. -12V Power Supply. This indicator should be on if the motherboard supplies 3.3-Volt.3V power. Flashes when an IRDY signal is detected. User’s Guide Power On Self-Test (POST) Codes Most AT and 386 computers (and a few XT computers) output status codes during POST. RST Reset. FRAME PCI Bus Frame. 12-Volt Positive. 3 . 5-Volt Negative. 3V3 Power Supply. IRDY Device Ready.

POST performs a tightly interwoven initialization and testing process for each of these methods. If the machine does not boot. or press Ctrl-Alt-Del (warm boot). Troubleshooting During POST After initial power up. 4 . press the reset button on the computer. the hexadecimal display should show the various POST codes as the system executes (unless it has a rare BIOS that does not display POST codes). The number showing in the hexadecimal display on the Diagnostic Card is the number of the test in which POST failed. You can get an even better idea of the detailed process by studying the POST code listings in Appendix A. NOTE: A few machines use the parallel port to display POST codes instead of the Diagnostic Card. User’s Guide POST Codes When the machine is turned on. THE POST PROCESS The ROM built onto the motherboard of the computer rums its built-in POST (Power-On Self-Test) when you switch power on to the computer. system POST has detected a fatal fault and stopped. Refer to Appendix A for a listing of POST codes. Power-On Self-Test (POST) codes begin displaying on the Diagnostic Card’s hexadecimal displays (for most machines). but it typically does not test or initialize memory above 64K for warm boot.

Going to enable ROM. (04)Test memory refresh toggle. ROM BIOS checksum(32K at F800:0) passed. Appendix A Error Code-00 AMI (00)Going to give control to INT 19H boot loader. test about to start. and NMI to be disabled. (03)Initialize Chips. CMOS pending interrupt disabled.SP and BP with data pattern FF&00.lay starting.PIE. Chipset initialization over. disable video.UEI. Reset math Co- Award processor. disable video.AIE. Any initialization before keyboard BAT is in progress.Get manufacturing status. keyboard ID verification. disable shadow RAM/cache if any. Initialize timer 0. to check soft reset/power On. Initialize interrupt controller 0 and 1.CPU Flags test. Calculate BIOS EPROM and sign-on message checksum. status=1). zero.Initialize EISA registers(EISA)BIOS only). SQ. 5 . fail if not 0. Initialize DMA controllers 0 and 1. CMOS shutdown byte. DMA and interrupt controller disabled. Initialize keyboard.i. reset if set(loop 1-5). Initialize timer 0.286 reg.286reg. to check soft reset/power-on. Phoenix (02)Verify real-mode operation(Beep)=1-1-1-3. Award (02)Processor test 2. AST (04)Low level keyboard communication. Dell (02)[Beep]=1-1-3 CMOS write/read test .1 and 2 including set EISA timer to a known state. Chips & Tech (03)ROM did not checksum. Error Code – 04 (04)Any initialization before keyboard BAT is complete.Initialize interrupt controller 0 and 1. DMA.Read/write/verify all CPU registers except SS.Determine status of manufacturing jumper.CMOS shutdown byte. overflow.Processor status(1FLAGS) verification. Error Code-01 AMI (01)Processor register test about to start. i. RAM must be periodically refreshed in order to Award keep the memory from decaying. The BIOS will set each of these flags.e.AIE. Test CMOS RAM I/O port interface and verify battery power is available(bat. Initialize Chips. Disable NMI. Blank video. Programmable Interval Timer test failure. Keyboard controller initialization. Keyboard controller test with and without mouse passed. sign. To check soft reset/power-on. Initialize EISA extended Regis. Disable NMI.1 and 2 including set EISA timer to a known Award state. Reset math Coprocessor. Error Code – 05 (05)Soft reset/power-on determined.Initialize EISA extended registers. Chips & Tech (05)System timer bad. Tests the following Award processor status flags carry. Error Code .WV. disable shadow AMI RAM/Cache if any.Clear 8042 keyboard controller.CPU register test. Clear all page registers. AST (03)Test 8042 keyboard controller reset. (01)Processor test 1. Phoenix (01)[Beep]=none 80286 register test in –progress. Power on de.SQWV. Clear all page registers. Chips&Tech (02)Test CPU register. Chips & Tech (04)DMA Controller failed. (05)Keyboard controller self-test enable keyboard interface.02 AMI (02)NMI is disabled. AST (05)Read keyboard input port. DMA. parity checking. Phoenix&Dell (03)Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt(NMI). Reading keyboard SYS bit. verify they are set then turn each flag off and verify it is off.PIE.[Beep]=1-1-4 BIOS ROM checksum in-progress or failure.ters. AST (02)Test CPU register. This function assures that the memory refresh function is working properly. Power on delay starting. Phoenix&Dell (04)Get the CPU type (Beep)=1-1-2-1. Reading keyboard SYS AMI bit. Error Code – 03 AMI (03)Power on delay complete. parity checking.e. Going to enable ROM.UEI. Phoenix (02)[Beep]=1-1-3 CMOS write/read test in-progress or failure.Reset 8042. Phoenix&Dell (05)[Beep]=1-2-2 DMA initialization in-progress or failure. 8259 initialization OK. Initialize DMA controllers 0 and 1.

Initialize first 120 interrupt vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR and initialize INT 00h-1Fh according to INT_TBL.or 30(base 512K RAM error). Calculating ROM BIOS checksum. RAM must be periodically refreshed in-order to Award keep the memory from decaying. CH-0 of timer initialization over. CH-0 delta count test OK Award (0A)Initialize the first 32 interrupt vectors.CH-2 of 8253 test OK Award (07)Verifies CMOS’s basis R/W functionality Test CMOS interface and battery status. Going to issue the BAT command to keyboard controller. Phoenix&Dell (06)Initialize system hardware (Beep)=1-1-2-3. AST (09)Verify BIOS ROM checksum. Initialize first 120 interrupt vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR and initialize INT 00h-1Fh according to INT_TBL. CMOS checksum calculation to be done next. Initialize key. Error Code – 0A AMI (0A)CMOS initialization done(if any). clear lower 256K of memory. (06)Test memory refresh toggle. Chips & Tech (08)Interrupt Controller bad. detects bad battery. OEM specific cache initialization. Keyboard command byte to be written next. if not warm.booting.2E. Test first 64K memory. Keyboard controller I/B free. Initialize chips. enable keyboard and keyboard interrupts for normal use. Verifies CMOS is working correctly.beep. and waiting for Keyboard AMI controller input buffer to be free. Video disabled and sys. or insert key pressed.(Beep)=1-1-3-2. enable parity checking and test parity in lower 256K.. OEM chip set routines. halt .(09)Keyboard command byte to be written next. Memory presence test. test lower 256K memory.board. also test extended storage of parameters in the motherboard chipset. cache initialization. enable parity checking and test parity in lower 256K.DMA page register write/read test in-progress or fail. Early Cache displays 6K memory.CH-2 of 8254 initialization half way. Test CMOS RAM checksum. Clear low 64K of memory. if bad. Going to verify the BAT command. test lower 25 If the BIOS detects error 2C. Cyrix CPU initialization. Chips & Tech (0A)Timer cannot interrupt. Award (09)Program the configuration register of Cyrix CPU. Phoenix&Dell (08)Initialize chipset registers with POST values. Memory presence test. Set up stack. clear lower 256K of memory. AST (06)Support chipset initialize. Setup interrupt vector table in lower 1K RAM area. AMI (08)CMOS shutdown register test done. Going to issue the BAT command to keyboard controller. Read/write/verify CPU registers. Initialize CMOS timer. Error Code – 09 AMI (09)CMOS checksum calculation is done. Going to write command byte data. CH-2 delta count test OK Award (08)Setup low memory. Phoenix&Dell (09)Set POST flay.Initialize Video controller. Appendix A Error Code – 06 (06)ROM is enabled. Chips & Tech (06)64K RAM Failed. beep. CMOS diag byte written.ROM BIOS checksum passed. display the Test CMOS RAM checksum message. flush external cache. Keyboard controller BAT result verified. Set NUM_LOCK status. CMOS initialize to begin. beep. Check BIOS Checksum. Test first 64K memory. Detect type of keyboard controller(optional 8242 or 8248. Going to verify the BAT command.Early Power Management initialization. beep. Initialize INTs 33 to 120. OEM chip set routines. Set up stack. Chips & Tech (09)Unexpected interrupt is occurring. set keyboard buffer. Reset keyboard test keyboard controller interface to verify it returned AAH and responded to enable/disable commands. Chips & Tech (07)64K RAM failed data test (Base Memory) Error Code – 08 ACER (08)Shutdown 0. Setup interrupt vector table in lower 1K RAM area. CH-2 of timer initialization over. Go.. CMOS shutdown register test to be done next. CH-1 of timer initialization over. [Beep]= 1-3-1 RAM refresh verification in-progress or failure. Early chip set initialization. This function assures that the memory refresh function is working properly. Setup low memory. Error Code – 07 AMI (07)ROM BIOS checksum passed.tem timer test begin Video disabled and system timer counting OK. CH-1 delta count test OK. Early chip set initialization. 6 . 1st 64K RAM test in-progress. load defaults if to write command byte data. Keyboard command byte code is issued. with Nedadon XOR gate control). Calculating ROM BIOS checksum. BAT command to keyboard controller is issued. Clear low 64K of memory.

CMOS initialization to begin(If “INIT CMOS IN EVERY BOOT IS SET”). Detect CPU clock. Goint to calculate CMOS checksum. Chips & Tech (0F)(Beeps)=15 short. Test video memory.8254 timer. Error Code – 0E AST (0E)(Beeps)=14 short. Read CMOS location 14b to find out type of video in use. Award (0D)Program some of the chipset’s value. 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure multi-bit. Appendix A Phoenix&Dell (0A)Initialize CPU unblocking command. System timer started. NOP command processing is done. Chips & Tech (0D) (Beeps)=14 short. Keyboard controller command byte is written.sum message. NOP command of key. Detect and initialize video adapter. Initialize video interface.24 block. Protected mode failure. if bad. Refresh link toggling passed. set keyboard buffer. write sign-on message to screen.board controller to be issued next. Read CMOS location 14b to find out type of video in use. Test DMA page registers. Perform BIOS checksum test. Detect bad battery. Refresh & system timer OK Award (0C)Initialization of the BIOS data area(40:00-40:FF). Video initialization including MDA. Going to issue pin-23. Refresh period ON/OFF 50% OK Award (0E)Initialize the APIC(Multi-Processor BIOS only). Refresh failure. initialize cache controller early.8254 timer. CMOS Init. AST (0F)(Beeps)=15 short. when cache is separate from chipset. beep. keyboard detect and initialization. CMOS shutdown register test to be done next.(Beep)=1-1-4-3. Chips & Tech (0C)DMA register failure. Set NUM_LOCK status. Detect CPU clock. Test DMA controller 0. Test CMOS RAM checksum. Going to issue pin-23. Test Extended CMOS.beep. BIOS checksum test.24 of keyboard controller is blocked/unblocked. and update DIAG. (Beep)=1-1-3-3. Phoenix (0E)Initialize I/O. CMOS status 7 . Phoenix&Dell (0C)Initialize cache to initial POST value. NOP command of key. load defaults if bad. Error Code – 0C AMI (0C)KB controller I/B free. CMOS shutdown register R/W test passed. Going to verify the BAT command. Keyboard command byte to be written next. Pin-3. Going to issue Pin-23. Reset keyboard test keyboard controller interface to verify it returned AAH and responded to enable/disable commands. AMI (0E)Keyboard controller BAT result verified. 8254 timer. Measure CPU speed for display.24 blocking/ nubolcking command. CMOS initia. display the Test CMOS RAM check. Going to issue the BAT command to keyboard controller. Test video memory. ASIC registers. Parity status cleared Award (0B)Verify the RTC time is valid or not.board controller to be issued next.8254 timer register. Any initialization after KB controller BAT to be next. Test COMS Shutdown byte. Refresh started. Error Code – 0B AMI CMOS status register initialize done. Going to calculate CMOS checksum. Read CMOS data into BIOS stack area. Chips & Tech (0B)CPU protected mode. [Beep]=1-4-1 1st 64K RAM address line failure. Chips & Tech (0E)(Beeps)=14 short. CGA. Error Code – 0F AMI (0F)initialization after KB controller BAT done. CMOS shutdown register test to be done next. Phoenix&Dell (0D)[Beep]=1-4-2 1st 64K RAM parity test in progress or failure. if not warm-booting. Show startup screen message. Keyboard controller failure. Test video RAM(If Monochrome display device found). channel 1 test. OEM specific-Initialize motherboard special chipset as required by OEM. also test extended storage of parameters in the motherboard chipset. Setup shadow RAM-Enable shadow according to setup. Test 8254 timers. To begin(If “INIT CMOS IN EVERY BOOT IS SET”). Detect and initialize video adapter. Assign I/O & Memory for PCI devices (PCI BIOS Only). DIAG byte written. CMOS checksum calculation is done. [Beep]=1-3-4 1st 64K RAM odd/even logic failure. Award (0F)DMA channel 0 Test. with Nedadon XOR gate control). channel 0 test. Detect type of keyboard controller (optional 8242 or 8248. Initialize keyboard. Perform PnP initializations.CMOS RAM shutdown.halt. enable keyboard and keyboard interrupts for normal use. Error Code – 0D AMI (0D)BAT command to keyboard controller is issued.lization done(if any). Refresh link toggling passed. channel 2 test.EGA/VGA.24 blocking/unblocking command. Initialize video interface. Phoenix (0F)Initialize the local IDE Error Code – 10 AMI (10)KB controller command byte is written. or insert key pressed. AST (0D)(Beeps)=13 short. Phoenix&Dell (0B)Enable CPU Cable-Check CPU Jumpers.and update DIAG Byte.

DMA controller#1. Chipset initialize/auto memory detection about to begin. Check first SIMM. Compaq (11)Init(blast)VDU controllers. Test 8254 timer 0 channel 0. AST (13)Initialize video.24 of keyboard controller is blocked/unblocked. Error Code – 13 AMI (13)DMA controller#1. AST (11)DMA controller test register 1. lize 8254 timers. Chips & Tech (11)Register LDT failure. Verify 8259 channel 1 masked interrupt by alternate turning off and on the interrupt line. Compaq (13)Test timer 0. Address line test 0 test.CMOS status register initialized.RORS.Initialize 8237 DMA controllers. Chips & Tech (14)LAR failure. CMOS read/write test OK. Appendix A blocking/unblocking command. Interrupt vectors initialized.00 pattern. Error Code – 14 ACER (14)DMA Controller.8254 timer test about to start. Going to disable DMA and Interrupt controllers. Test 8254 timer 0 counter 2. Replace first memory SIMM. Award (15)test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.2. Error Code – 12 AMI (12)Checking for pressing of <INS>key during power-on done.8254 CH-2 timer test to be complete.64K base memory test passed. Compaq (15)Check battery power.GDT failure. Award (14)Test 8254 timer 0 counter 2. Chips & Tech (13)LSL instruction failure.FF.bled. Jump to User Path 0. Test keyboard controller. Award (11)DMA page register test. Test 1st 64K of system memory.Test both 8237 DMA controllers. Refresh on and about to start 64K base memory test.8254 timer test about to start. About to disable Video display and Init port-B.(Beep)=1-2-1-3.(Beep)=1-2. Error Code – 11 AMI (11)Pin23. POST enables user reboot here. AST (10)DMA controller test 0 register Award (10)DMA channel 1 Test.8254 timer about to start. IDT. AST (14)Memory refresh test.#2. Program timers 0 & 1. Phoenix&Dell (10)Initialize Power Management. About to disable video display and Init port-B. Phoenix&Dell (11)Load alternate registers with POST values. 55. To un-compress the POST code if compressed BIOS.8237 DMA.(Beep)=1-2-1-1. Chips & Tech (12)Task register failure.#2. Address line test passed. 64K base memory test passed. Phoenix&Dell (12)Restore CPU control word during warm boot.(Beep)=1-2-2-1. Test DMA page registers. Award (12)Call support 800-909-3424. use I/O ports to test address circuits. Test timer counter 2. Initialize PCI Bus Mastering devices. Test DMA page registers. Compaq (10)PPI disabled.lization done(if any). Award (13)Test 8254 timer 0 channel 1.#2disa. Test DMA page registers. Going to disable DMA and interrupt controllers. Going to disable DMA and Interrupt controllers.(13) Interrupt vectors initialized. About to disable Video display and initialize port-B. CMOS initia.Initia.[Beep]=2-1-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 0. turn on video. Test DMA controller 1 with AA.interrupt controller#1. 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 2. Compaq (12)Clear screen. channel 1 test. Test memory refresh. Confirmed refresh ON & about to start 64K memory. CH-2 timer test halfway. AMI (14)Chipset initialization/auto memory detection over. Chips & Tech (10)(Beeps)=19 short.#2 disabled. Going to check to check pressing of <INS>key during power-on. AST (12)DMA page registers test. CMOS status register about to Init for Date and Time.8237 DMA. Phoenix&Dell (14)Initialize keyboard controller.8042 keyboard controller test OK.8254 CH-2 timer test to be completed. CMOS status register about to Init for Date and Time.(13)Chipset initialize/auto memory detection about to begin. FATAL DISPLAY ER. Test 8259-1 mask bits. 8 . Compaq (14)Disable RTC interrupts.interrupt controller#1. Error Code – 15 AMI (15)POST code is un-compressed. Phoenix&Dell [Beep]=2-1-4 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 3. 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 1.[Beep]=2-2-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 4.

Award (1B)Test CMOS battery status.8259 Interrupt controller. About to look for optional video ROM at segment C000 and give control to the optional video ROM if present.(Beep)=1-2-3-3. Shadow RAM enable /disable completed. Error Code – 1A AMI (1A)Memory refresh line is toggling. AST (18)Testing Video memory. Initialize 8259. Optional video ROM control OK Award (1A)Display CPU clock. Award (19)Test 8259 functionality. Video retrace check OK. Test stuck NON-Maskable Interrupt bits(Parity/I/O check). Phoenix&Dell (16)BIOS ROM checksum.Base 64K address test. About to start memory refresh. Error Code – 18 ACER (18)Timer initialize. Error Code – 17 AMI (17)CH-1 timer test over. Award (17)Test struck 8259’s interrupt bits. Setup video I/O operations. Dell (18)[Beep]= 2-3-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure.Verify NMI can be cleared. channel 2 mask bits test. Award (18)Test 8259 interrupt functionality. Error Code – 19 AMI (19)82 timer test over. Display memory read/write test OK. Phoenix&Dell (1C)[Beep]=2-4-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure. Test video memory. Compaq (1D)Test DMA controller and page registers. Chips & Tech (1b)Shutdown during memory sizing. Turn off interrupt then verify no interrupt mask register is on. Error Code – 1C ACER (1C)Memory refresh. AMI (18)CH-0 timer test over. Test CMOS.[Beep]=2-2-3 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 6. Setup Interrupt vectors.bit B. Set configuration from CMOS.8254 CH-0 timer test to be completed. AMI (1C)Display memory read/write test for main display type as set in the CMOS setup program over. Appendix A Chips & Tech (15)VERW/VERR failure. Phoenix&Dell (19)check memory[Beep]=2-3-2 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 9. Going to check 15 micro second ON/OFF time. Chips & Tech (1A)Copyright checksum errors. Test 8259 interrupt controllers registers. Memory refresh test to be done next.bit D Error Code – 1E 9 .[Beep]=2-3-3 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit A. Color mode set. channel 1 mask bits test.bit C.(Beep)=1-2-2-3. Verify 8259 channel 2 masked interrupt by alternate turning off and on the interrupt line. reset Coprocessor.[Beep]=2-3-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 8.Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller. Error Code – 1B AMI (1B)Memory refresh period 30 micro second test complete. Compaq (16)Battery power was lost. Monochrome mode set. Force an interrupt and verify the interrupt occurred. Phoenix&Dell (1D)[Beep]=2-4-2 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure. Award (1C)Test CMOS RAM checksum. 8259 Interrupt controller. Error Code – 16 AMI (16)CH-2 timer test over. Phoenix&Dell (1B)[Beep]=2-4-1 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure.8254 CH-1 timer test to be complete. Return from optional video ROM. Error Code – 1D AMI (1D)Display memory read/write test for alternate display type complete if main display memory read/write test returns error. Chips & Tech (1C)Chip-Set initialization.bit 8 Compaq (18)Test base memory(first 128K) Chips & Tech (18)Shutdown during memory test. Test the system ROM. Chips & Tech (16)Keyboard controller gate A20 failure. Compaq (1A)Initialize and test VDU adapters. Verify refresh is occurring. Base 64K memory test about to start. Compaq (17)Cler CMOS-DIAG Phoenix&Dell (17)Initialize cache before memory auto-size. Display memory read/write test for alternate display OK.(Beep)=1-2 –4-1. CMOS checksum/battery check OK Award (16)Test 8259-2 mask bits. Phoenix&Dell (1A)8237 DMA controller initialization. Phoenix&Dell (18)8254 timer initialization. Phoenix&Dell (15)[Beep]=2-2-2 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 5.(Beep)=1-2-3-1. Compaq (19)Clear and initialize base memory.[Beep] =2-2-4 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure-bit 7.

Base 64K memory/address test started. execute ISA test an clear EISA mode flag.Size extended memory. Award (23)Enable slots 3.Initialize slot 3. Award (24)Enable slots 4.(beep)=1-3-2-1. Mode set call for mono/color OK.(Check memory size). Award (21)Enable slots 1 through 15.1F AMI (1F)Video mode set call for mono/color begins. Compaq (26)Test fixed disk subsystem. Power on message displayed. Phoenix&Dell (1F)[Beep]=2-4-4 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure.progress or fail. Compaq (20)Test real and extended memory. Phoenix&Dell (22)[Beep]=3-1-3 master interrupt mask register test in.(Beep)=1-3-1-1.Going to read I/O port of 8042 for turbo switch(if any). Phoenix&Dell (20)[Beep]=3-1-1 master DMA register test in-progress or failure. Award (26)Enable slots 6. Going for sequential data R/W test on 64K memory. Error Code – 21 AMI (21)Address line test passed. Error Code – 27 AMI (27)Global data initialization for turbo switch is over. Verify/Load NVRAM parameters. Phoenix&Dell [Beep]=3-1-4 slave interrupt mask register test in-progress or fail. Compaq (25)Test diskette subsystem. Test EISA configuration memory integrity(checksum & comm.Initialize slot 6. If not. 10 .Test stuck NMI bits (parity I/O check). Award (1E)If EISA NVM checksum is good. Compaq (1F)Test 286 protected mode. Any setup before interrupt vector Init about to start. execute EISA initialization. Award (20)Enable slot 0. Phoenix (24)Set ES segment to register to 4 GB. (21)ROM type 27256 verified. Error Code . Upper 16 of 32 bit test failed. Phoenix&Dell (1E)[Beep]=2-4-3 1st 64K RAM chip or data line failure. Error Code – 25 AMI (25)Interrupt vector initialization done. Any initialization before setting video mode to be done next. Award (22)Enable slots 2.Test protected mode exceptions. AST (20)Power up bus board(EISA only). Error Code – 24 ACER (24)Test keyboard controller(8042). Set EISA mode. Appendix A ACER (1E)Select memory type. Compaq (22)Init 287 Coprocessor. AMI (1E)Global equipment byte set for proper display type.. Phoenix&Dell (25)[Beep]=none interrupt vector loading in-progress. Initialize slot 2. Video mode set completed.Initialize slot 4. Verify CMOS/Configure CMOS.0 (26)Enable A20 line. Going to initialize global data for turbo switch. AMI (24)Setup required before vector initialization complete. Going to SET BIOS stack and to do any setup before Interrupt vector Init. Error Code – 22 AMI (22)Toggle parity over. Size system memory. Power on message display OK. Phoenix&Dell (21)[Beep]=3-1-2 slave DMA register test in-progress or failure.Initialize slot 0(system board). Compaq (1E)Test keyboard controller. Phoenix 6.volatile memory checksum is good. Award (25)Enable slots 5. Video display OK.Test extended memory.bit E. Address line test to be done next.8259 stuck bits test. If EISA non. Award (1F)Test system memory. Compaq (23)Test keyboard and interface. Test 8742 keyboard controller. Compaq (24)reset A20 ads set default CPU speed.unication interface). Error Code – 26 AMI (26)I/O port of 8042 is read. Test DRAM refresh.Test protected mode. Compaq (21)Init time-of-day. Error Code – 20 ACER (20)Test 128K. AMI (20)Memory refresh period 30 micro second test complete.(Beep)=1. Going to do toggle parity. Interrupt vector initialization about to begin.bit F.3-1-3 Error Code – 23 AMI (23)Base 64K sequential data R/W test passed. execute EISA initialization(EISA BIOS ONLY).Base 64K RAM test(16 bits). Going to initialize global data for turbo switch.Initialize slot 5.Initialize slot 1. Going to read Input port of 9042 for turbo switch(if any).Test 8259 working.

progress. Compaq (2F)Write to DIAG byte. Display memory R/W test about to begin.Initialize slot 9.Test 512K base memory. Test timer 2. Detect & initialize parallel ports. Phoenix&Dell (2B)[Beep]=3-3-4 screen memory test in-progress or failure. Note that error 30 cannot occur on 386SX systems because they have a 16 rather than 32-bit bus. Compaq (28)Perform search for option ROMs Phoenix&Dell (28)[Beep]=3-3-1 CMOS power-fail and checksum checks in-progress. AMI (28)initialization before setting video mode is complete. Award (28)Enable slots 8. Error Code – 2E AMI (2E)Return from processing after the video ROM control. Award (2C)Enable slots C.Exit 1st protected mode test. Award (2D)Enable slots D. It first display the check point code. Award (2F)Enable slots F.Aubo-site me. About to give control to do any processing after video ROM returns control. It repeats this sequence continuously. Compaq (2C)Boot. “2E 1020 means data bits 12 and 5 (bits 12 and 5 set) have failed in the lower 16 bits. Phoenix (2F)Enable cache before system BIOS shadow. Going for color mode setting. Phoenix&Dell (29)[Beep]=3-3-2 CMOS configuration info validation in. and then the low-order byte of the error. Phoenix& Dell (2D)[Beep]=3-4-2 screen retrace tests in-progress or failure.(2A)8242 initialization. AMI (30)display memory R/W test passed.(Beep)=1-3-3-3. Detect & initialize 80x87 Co-Processor. Error Code – 2F AMI (2F)EGA/VGA not found. Dell (2E)[Beep]=3-4-3 search for video ROM in-progress. About to go for toggle parity before optional rom test. “2C 0002”means address line 1 (bit one set) has failed. Compaq (27)initialize parallel printer.Check extended memory. Initialize slot E. Auto-size DRAM. Error Code – 2B AMI (2B)Toggle parity over.Initialize slot 8. the high-order byte. Award (2E)Enable slots E. followed by a delay. interrupt. Dell (2C)[Beep]=3-4-1 screen initialization in-progress or failure. Initialize slot A. Initialize floppy drive and controller. About to look for optional video ROM and give control. Phoenix (2A)Clear 512K base RAM. Initialize slot D.(Beep)= 1-3-4-3. Award (2B)Enable slots B.Protected mode 1. Test 512 base address lines. AST (30)Interrupt controller#1.2E. Appendix A setting video mode to be done next. Award (29)Enable slots 9.Initialize slot C. About to give control for any setup required before optional video ROM check.Detect & initialize serial ports. For example. Initialize slot F. About to go for toggle parity before optional ROM Check. Going for monochrome mode and color setting .(Beep)=1-3-3-1. Phoenix&Dell (27)[Beep]=3-2-4 keyboard controller test in-progress or failure. Error Code – 28 ACER (28)Test CPU. Award (2A)Enable slots A. Compaq (2A)Clear screen.or 30(base 512K RAM error). Initialize slot 7. Phoenix (2C)RAM failure on address xxxx. Error Code – 2D AMI (2D)Optional video ROM control is done.(Beep)= 1-3-4-1 Activate interleave(if possible). AMI (2C)Processing before video ROM control is done.[Beep]=none search for video ROM displays and additional word-bitmap(xxxx)indication the address line or bits that failed. Initialize slot B. Compaq (2B)Check for invalid time and date. About to look for the retrace checking. Error Code – 30 ACER (30)Set up Temp.[Beep]3-4-1 screen initialization in-progress or failure. Error Code – 2C ACER (2C)Set up interrupt controller(8259). The BIOS also sends the bitmap to the port-80 LED display. Award (27)Enable slots 7. Compaq (29)Test for valid system configuration. Phoenix (2E)See Error code “2C”. Virtual mode memory test about to begin. Error Code – 2A AMI (2A)monochrome Color mode setting is done.mory chips. Initialize hard drive & controller.Setup cache control or shadow RAM. 11 . Initialize POST Memory Manager.If the BIOS detects error 2C. Setup 8242. another delay. If EGA/VGA not found then do display memory R/W test. Error Code – 29 AMI (29)Monochrome mode setting is done.

Phoenix (30)see Error Code “2C”. If EISA mode flag is set then test EISA memory found in slots initialization. Verification of display type with switch setting and actual card to begin. Phoenix&Dell (35)[Beep]=4-2-2 shutdown test in progress or failure. Size base And extended memory from 256K to 640K and extended memory above 1MB. Error Code – 36 AMI (36)BIOS ROM data area check over. Compaq (38)Check for serial ports. Phoenix&Dell (33)[Beep]=none 80-column color screen believed operable.Test EISA extended memory. Going to display the power on message. Error Code – 33 AMI (33)Video display checking over. Configure EMS memory option. Dell (30)[beep]=none screen believed running w/video ROM. Error Code – 32 AMI (32)Alternate display memory R/W test passed. Phoenix (32)Test CPU bus-clock frequency.P486. Memory address line test in progress. Error Code – 35 AMI (35)Display mode set complete. Relocate memory option. Memory below 1MB initialized. Phoenix&Dell (37)[Beep]=1-4-2-4 unexpected interrupt in protected mode. Going to read new cursor position. Compaq (32)Load interrupt vectors 00-1F. Detect & initialize optional ROMs. [Beep]=none screen believed running w/video ROM. Compaq (31)Load interrupt vectors 70-77. Memory below 1MB calculated. Memory test about to start.Unexpected shutdown. Phoenix&Dell (34)[Beep]=4-2-1 timer tick interrupt test in progress or failure.Configure wait state option. Initialize dispatch Manager. Award (32)Display the Award Plug & Play BIOS extension message(PnP BIOS only). This test is skipped in ISA mode and can be skipped with ESC key in EISA mode.(Beep)=1-4-3-1.(Beep)=1-4-1-3. BIOS ROM data area about to be checked. AMI (38)Power on message display complete. Error Code – 39 12 .Deter. Phoenix&Dell (36)[Beep]=4-2-3 gate A20 failure. AST (33)Non-maskable interrupt for stuck interrupt(EISA. About to look for the alternate display retrace checking. AST (32)Interrupt controllers for stuck interrupt.[Beep]=no. AMI (34)Verification of display adapter done. P386) Award (33)Call Tech Support 727-532-4151. Error Code – 37 AMI (37)Cursor setting for power on message id complete. Compaq (33)Initialize Memory SIZE and RESETWD. About to do alternate Display memory R/W test. Compaq (34)Verify CMOS checksum.mine system board memory size. Virtual mode memory test started. Compaq (36)Check battery power. Phoenix&Dell (31)[Beep]=none monochromatic screen believed operable. Compaq (35)CMOS checksum not valid. Memory address line test in progress. Verification of display type with switch setting and Actual Card to begin. Error Code – 34 ACER (34)Set up BIOS interrupt vector. Award (31)Test base and extended memory. AST (31)Interrupt controller#2. [Beep]=none 40-column color screen believed operable. Compaq (37)Check for game adapters. Appendix A Award (30)Get base memory & extended memory size. Error Code – 31 AMI (31)Display memory R/W test or retrace checking failed. Warm start shut down. Compaq (30)Clear 1st 128K bytes of RAM. Memory above 1MB calculated. Dell (32)[Beep]=none 40-column color screen believed screen believed operable. Error Code – 38 ACER (38)CMOS RAM. Going to set cursor for power on message. Reinitialize the motherboard chipset. Processor executing in virtual mode. Test base memory from 256K to 640K and extended memory above 1MB using various patterns. Phoenix&Dell (38)[Beep]=4-3-1 RAM test in progress or failure above address 0FFFFh Phoenix (38)Shadow system BIOS ROM. Display mode to be set next.

Error Code – 42 AMI (42)descriptor tables prepared. Award (42)Initialize hard drive & controller. Error Code – 40 ACER (40)Shutdown#1. Going to prepare the descriptor bables. Award (40)Display virus protest disable or enable. Award (43)If it is a PnP BIOS. Compaq (3A)Initialize Port. Initialize hard drive controller and any drives.Retest 64K base RA M. Compaq (41)Check RAM refresh.(Beep)=2-1-1-1.486 internal cache turned on. Detect & initialize serial/parallel ports. Phoenix&Dell (3C)[Beep]=4-4-2 Serial port test in progress or failure. Compaq (42)Start write cycle of 128K RAM test. Initialize any serial and parallel ports (also game port).. Phoenix (3A)Auto-size cache. About to start below 1MB memory test. CACHE memory on and about to disable A20 address line. Appendix A AMI (39)New cursor position read and saved. Award (3E)Try to turn on level 2 cache. Going to verify from video memory.(Beep)= 1-4-4-2 Phoenix&Dell (3D)[Beep]=4-4-2 Parallel port test in progress or failure. Phoenix&Dell (3E)[Beep]=4-4-3 Math CoProcessor test in progress or failure. timeouts. first 64K. Award (3F)Enable shadow RAM per CMOS RAM setup or if ME. AMI (3C)Memory test below 1MB completed and about to start above 1MB test. Initialize & install mouse. Compaq (40)Save RESET WD value. And comm. Award (3D)Initialize keyboard. Detect if mouse is present. Phoenix (39)Reinitialize the cache. Compaq (39)Check for parallel ports.A20 address line disabled successful. Memory above 1MB initialized. Error Code – 3D AMI (3D)Memory test above 1MB completed. Phoenix&Dell (3B)[Beep]=4-3-4 Time-Of-Day clock test in progress or failure. Phoenix (3C)Configure advanced chipset registers. Going to enable interrupts for diagnostics mode. Error Code – 43 AMI (43)Entered in the virtual mode. Memory size display initiated. Install PS/2 mouse. Error Code – 3E AMI (3E)About to go to real mode(shutdown). Compaq (43)Reset parity checks. This will be updated when the BIOS goes through the memory. Reference string display is over. Error Code – 3F AMI (3F)Shutdown successful and Processor in real mode. initialize mouse. Award (41)Initialize floppy disk drive controller. Error Code – 3B AMI (3b)Hit<DEL>or<ESC>message displayed.07 (3E)Get switches/jumper status from 8742. Dell (3F)Cache memory failure. Phoenix 3.(Beep)=1-4-4-1. Phoenix&Dell (3A)[Beep]=4-3-3 Interval timer channel 2 test in progress or failure. AST (40)CMOS RAM backup battery. Phoenix (40)Set initial CPU speed. initialize serial & parallel ports. About to start DMA controller test. Determine relative CPU speed. install interrupt vectors. Award (3A)Check memory.MORY TYPE is SYS in the EISA configuration. Going to enter in virtual mode for memory test. Going go display the Hit<DEL>message. AST (42)Setup CMOS RAM. Error Code – 41 AMI (41)Returned after verifying from display memory. Award (3C)Set flag to allow users to enter CMOS setup utility.(Beep)=1-4-3-1 Error Code – 3A AMI (3A)Check memory. Virtual mode memory test about to start. Error Code – 3C ACER (3C)Memory size. AMI (40)Preparation for virtual mode test started. Phoenix (3D)Load alternate registers with CMOS values. AST (41)CMOS RAM checksum.(Beep)=1-4-3-3. Compaq (3B)Flush keyboard buffer. 13 .one long beep. Setup enabled. About to start DMA controller test.(Beep)=2-1-1-3. Error Code – 44 ACER (44)Video BIOS ROM initialize. Phoenix (42)Initialize interrupt vectors. Going to display the Hit<ESC> massage.

Manufacturing POST loop or display messages. AMI (45)Data initialized. Phoenix (4B)Quiet-Boot start(optional). Error Code – 4B AMI (4B) Amount of memory above 1M found and verified. Award (47)Set system speed for boot. Going to find out amount of memory below 1M memory. writing patterns to test memory. Going to initialize data to check memory wrap around at 0:0.(SOFT RESET)Going to clear memory above 1M. Error Code – 45 ACER (45)Set up BIOS RAM . Going for BIOS ROM data area check.(NO SOFT RESET)About to display the first 64K memory test.BIOS ROM data area check over. Test for unexpected interrupts.(GOTO check point#52h) Error Code – 4E AMI (4E)Memory test started. Award (45)Detect & Initialize math CoProcessor.(Beep)=2. Phoenix (47)Initialize manager for PCI Options ROMs. Initialize video system. Error Code – 46 ACER (46)Test controller and cache memory.(Beep)=2-1. Error Code – 4A AMI (4A)Amount of memory above 1M found and verified.640K memory. 14 . Phoenix (49)Initialize PCI bus and devices. Check for soft reset and going to clear memory below 1M for reset. Compaq (45)Check for parity errors. ask for password. Processor in real mode after shutdown. Going to adjust displayed memory size for relocation /shadow. Going to check for memory wrap around at 0:0 and the total system memory size. AMI (4C)Memory below 1M cleared.(Beep)=2-1-2-1. Error Code – 47 AMI (47)Pattern to be tested written in extended memory. Phoenix (4A)Initialize all video adapters in system. Award (44) Going to initialize data to check memory re-map at 0:0. Ask password security. Award (46)display the setup message(to press Ctrl-Alt-Esc to enter setup). Compaq (46)No RAM errors. Phoenix (44)Initialize BIOS interrupts. Perform TR instruction test. Error Code – 4F AMI (4F)Memory size display started. This will be updated during memory test. Phoenix (46)Check ROM copying notice. Going for sequential and random memory test. Phoenix (4C)Shadow video BIOS ROM. Error Code – 4C ACER (4C)#3 shutdown. AMI (48)Patterns written in base memory. go to check point#4Eh). Going to find out amount of memory above 1M memory. Reboot if manufacturing POST loop pin is set.(Beep)=2-1-2-3. Verify video configuration.(If power on. Phoenix (45)POST device initialization. Clear the Energy Star logo(Green BIOS only).Security check. Compaq (47)Got a RAM error. Compaq (44)Start verify cycle if 128K RAM test. Appendix A AMI (44)Interrupts enabled(if post switch is on). Error Code – 49 AMI (49)Memory below 1M found and verified. Phoenix (4E)Display copying notice.(Beep)=2-1-3-3. (SOFT RESET)Going to save the memory size. show all the error messages on the screen & wait for user to press<F1>. Error Code – 48 ACER (48)Memory test. Memory size calculation over. Award (4F)If password is needed. AMI (46) Memory wrap around test done. AMI (50)Memory testing/initialization below 1M complete.Perform LDT instructions test. Phoenix (48)Check Video configuration against CMOS. Initialize math CoProcessor.1-3-1. Otherwise display any messages and enter setup. Error Code – 50 ACER (50)#2 shutdown.(Beep)=2-1-4-1.2-4. DMA page register test complete. Going to check<ESC> and to clear memory below 1M for soft reset. Award (4E)If there is any error.(Beep)=2-1-4-3. Error Code – 4D AMI (4D)Memory above 1M cleared. Start 2nd protected mode test. and enable setup.(Beep)=2-1-3-2.

Enable cache before boot. Memory test above 1M to follow. Chips & Tech (56) Protected mode. Error Code – 54 ACER (54)#7 shutdown. BIOS ROM data area check over. Error Code – 53 AMI (53)Memory size information is saved. Error Code – 51 AMI (51)Memory size display adjusted due to relocation/shadow. Going to disable gate A20 address line. Award (51)Pre-boot enable.(54)Perform VERR instruction test.(Beep)=2-2-1-3. Chips & Tech (55)EMS configuration Setup. Error Code – 55 AMI (55)Registers restored. Compaq (50)Check for dual freq in CMOS. AST (51)Protected mode. Later PCI initializations(PCI BIOS only).8259 initialization over. DMA unit-1 channel OK.(Beep)=2-2-2-3.(58) Perform A20 gate test. DMA unit-1 base register test about to start. Chips & Tech (51)Timer Initialize Phoenix (51)Initialize EISA board. Initialize time value. Phoenix (52)Test keyboard. about to begin CH-2. Award (52)Initialize all ISA ROMs. Phoenix (50)Display CPU type and speed.PnP initializations(PnP BIOS only). Program parity according to setup setting.Program shadow RAM according to setup settings. BIOS ROM data area check halfway. Phoenix (56)Enable keyboard. Power Management initialization.(50)Per. initialize serial & parallel ports. Going to clear Hit<DEL> message. Error Code – 52 AMI (52)Memory testing/initialization below 1M complete. Chips & Tech (52)DMA controller initialize. BIOS ROM data area about to be checked. About to check F/F latch for unit-1 and unit-2. DMA unit 1 and 2 programming over and about to initialize 8259 interrupt controller. Error Code – 59 15 . initialize any option ROMs present from C8000h to EFFFFh. Initialize option ROMs. Error Code – 57 AMI (57)A20 address line disable successful. Compaq (57)Init primary VDU mode. AMI (58)Memory size adjusted for relocation/shadow. BIOS ROM data area check to be com. Error Code – 58 ACER (58)#6 shutdown. Compaq (51)Check CMOS VDU configuration. Write CMOS. Going to re. Phoenix (54)Set key click if enabled. Going to prepare to go back to real mode. Initialize time value in BIOS data registers saved during preparation for shutdown. Error Code – 56 AMI (56)A20 address line disable successful.(Beep)=2-3-3-. Enable NMI. Going to enter in real mode. Chips & Tech (53)Initialize interrupt controller. Chips & Tech (57)Memory size. Award (53)If it is not a PnP BIOS. Compaq (55)Initialize secondary display adapter. Enable parity checker. DMA CH-2 base register test OK.(52)Perform LAR instruction test. Compaq (53)Vector to VDU option ROMs.8259 mask register check OK. Award (55)Check PCI video Card-or replace video card. F/F latch for both units checked. Initialize time value in 40h BIOS data area. AST (50)Protected mode. Compaq (52)Start VDU search. Appendix A memory size for relocation /shadow.(Beep)=2-2-1-1. DMA page register test complete. Compaq (54)Initialize primary display adapter. Award (50)Write all the CMOS values currently in the BIOS stack areas back into the CMOS. CPU in real mode. Compaq (58)Start of VDU test (for each adapter).Unexpected exception.plete.[Beep]=none Custom chip set or custom platform. Going to clear Hit<ESC> message. Phoenix (58)Test for unexpected interrupts.(Beep)=2-2-2-1. Chips & Tech (50)Hardware initialize. Chips & Tech (58)Memory interleave configure.form LSL instruction test. Compaq (56)No display adapters installed. Chips & Tech (54)Chip-Set Initialize. Going to save memory size information. CPU registers are saved. AMI (54)Shutdown successful. Write all CMOS values back to RAM and clear screen.

Award (60)Setup virus protection(Boot sector protection). Setup NUM_LOCK.> message displayed. About to go for BIOS ROM data area check. Compaq (5B)Start screen memory test. clear memory. Phoenix (59)Initialize POST display service. Clear memory that have been used. Compaq (5E)test the next adapter. Error Code – 5D AMI (5D)ERROR! Timer/keyboard interrupt not in proper level. Display prompt “press F2 to enter SETUP”.(60)Base memory test. Error Code – 5A AMI (5A)About to check timer and keyboard interrupt level.(Beep)=2-2-4-1. AST (62)Shadow RAM. Phoenix (5B)Display CPU cache. update the ESCD information(PnP BIOS only. Error Code – 61 AMI (61)Display memory verification over. Phoenix (60)Test expanded memory. About to go for DMA #2 base register test.<Wait. Error Code – 60 ACER (60)Set up BIOS interrupt. type rate & type speed according to setup setting. Setup NUM_LOCK status according to setup. Boot system via INT 19h. Error Code – 63 AMI (63)DMA #2 base register test passed.. Phoenix (5C)Test RAM between 512 and 640K. Compaq (62)Start memory sizing. Phoenix (5A)Keyboard ready test. AMI (60)DMA page register test passed. AST (61)RAM test. About to go for DMA #1 base register test. check VDU registers. Award (63)If there is any changes in the hardware configuration. Compaq (59)Check existence of adapter. Show the system configuration table. Chips & Tech (5D)Wait state configuration is set-up. Chips & Tech (5C)EMS configure. Error Code – 5F AMI (5F)8259 interrupt controller test OK. Chips & Tech (60)CMOS RAM. Chips & Tech (5E)1st 64K RAM re-test. AST (60)RAM size. Chips & Tech (61)Video. Last chance for power management initialization. Award (62)Setup daylight saving according to setup values. Compaq (5A)Blank display. Determine if AT or KT keyboard type. Chips & Tech (5F)Shadow RAM. AST (63)Cache memory. Chips & Tech (5B)Shadow RAM relocated. about to start slave. Master 8259 mask register OK. Appendix A AMI (59)Hit<ESC> message cleared. Error Code – 5C ACER (5C)About to test keyboard and I/O.` AMI (5C)About to test keyboard interrupt. Base memory address test. Compaq (5D)Error detected on an adapter. About to start DMA and interrupt controller test. Error Code – 62 AMI (62)DMA#1 base register test passed.verify from display memory.(Beep)=2-3-1-1. 16 . Compaq (63)Get CMOS size. Program the NUM lock.(Beep)=2-3-1-3. Last chance for chipset initialization.(Beep)=2-2-3-3 Error Code – 5B AMI (5B)Timer interrupt OK. Chips & Tech (5A)Board memory size. Phoenix (62)Test extended memory address lines. Compaq (60)Start of memory test. About to go for DMA #1. Chips & Tech (59)Exiting protected mode. Compaq (5F)All adapters successfully tested. Error Code – 5E AMI (5E)8259 interrupt controller error. Phoenix (5E)Enter third protected mode test. Award (61)Try to turn on level 2 cache. Compaq (5C)End of test of adapter. Compaq (61)Enter protected mode. Set the boot up speed according to setup setting.

AST (65)Copy video BIOS to shadow RAM. Chips & Tech (6F)Test floppy drive controller. Error Code – 66 AMI (66)DMA unit 1 and 2 programming over. Error Code – 68 ACER (68)Test floppy disk. Error Code – 71 AMI (71)Keyboard controller BAT test over. Error Code – 69 Compaq (69)Back in real mode-test successful. Compaq (68)Prepare to return to real mode. Chips & Tech (68)Timer interrupt. Error Code – 65 AMI (65)DMA #2 base register test passed. Compaq (66)Configure advanced cache registers. About To start keyboard test. Compaq (70)Display XXXXX KB OK. AST (64)Copy BIOS to shadow RAM. Phoenix (6B)Load custom defaults(optional). Compaq (71)Test each RAM segment.System time test. Error Code – 6E Compaq (6E)Determine size to test. Phoenix (70)Display error messages. Phoenix (64)Jump to User Patch 1. AST (66)8254 timer channel #2. Chips & Tech (65)Memory address lines.(Beep)=2-3-3-3. Chips & Tech (6A) Keyboard controller. AMI (70)start of keyboard test. Chips & Tech (70)Test hard drive controller. Compaq (65)Start test of extended memory. Appendix A Chips & Tech (63)Protected mode interrupt. Error Code – 64 ACER (64)Start test real time clock. Phoenix (6C)Display shadow message.(Beep)=2-3-2-1. Error Code – 6D Compaq (6D)Initialize KB OK display string. Compaq (66)Save size of real and extended memory. Compaq (64)Start test of real memory.(Beep)=2-4-1-1.(Beep)=2-3-4-1. Chips & Tech (66)Memory Test. Error Code – 6F Compaq (6F)Start of MEMORY TEST. Chips & Tech (6E)Dual card. AMI (64)BIOS ROM data area check halfway.Shadow memory test. Phoenix (69)Setup System Management Mode(SMM) area.Determine memory test. Error Code – 70 ACER (70)About to test parallel port. Error Code – 6C ACER (6C)Test hard disk drive.(Beep)=2-3-4-3.tended address test. Phoenix (6E)Display possible high address for UMB recovery. Phoenix (68)Enable external and CPU caches. 17 . Error Code – 6B Compaq (6B)Display error messages. AST (67)Memory initialize. Chips & Tech (6B)Test Math chip. About to program DMA unit 1 and 2. Chips & Tech (67)Extended memory.(Beep)=2-3-2-3.Configure ROM/RAM BIOS. Chips & Tech (6D)Test parallel ports. Ex. BIOS ROM data area check to be complete. Error Code – 6A Compaq (6A)Back in real mode-error during test. Compaq (67)Update 128K-Option installed CMOS bit.Display error messages. Phoenix (67)Initialize Multi Processor APIC. Extended memory test. Chips & Tech (69)Real Time clock. Display non-disposable segments. About to initialize 8259 interrupt controller. Phoenix (6A) Display external cache size.(Beep)=2-3-3-1. Compaq (6C)End of memory test. Error Code – 67 AMI (67)8259 initialization over. Chips & Tech (6C)Test serial port(RS232). Chips & Tech (64)Address line A20.

Error Code – 75 AMI (75)Floppy setup over. Compaq (7F)Copy System ROM to high RAM. Error Code – 7D AMI (7D)About to analyze POST results. clearing output buffer. Phoenix (78)Detect and test CoProcessor. Error Code – 7C ACER (7C)scan option. Phoenix (7E)Test CoProcessor if present.Test for stuck keys. Compaq (79)Back in real mode-No error. Optional ROM control over. Compaq (73)Exit memory test. Compaq (7D)Enter cache controller test. About to give control to optional ROM in segment C800 to DE00.(Beep)=2-4-2-1. Error Code – 72 AMI (72)Keyboard interface test over. Compaq (76)Prepare to enter protected mode. Compaq (77)Test software exceptions. Compaq (78)Prepare to return to real mode.(Beep)=3-1. Phoenix (74)Test real-time clock. system halted. Error Code – 76 AMI (76)Hard disk setup about to start. Compaq (7C)High order address test failure. Error Code – 7E AMI (7E)CMOS memory size updated. Error Code – 73 AMI (73)Global data initialization for keyboard/mouse over. (Beep)=2-4-2-3. RAMs.Detect floppy controller. Error Code – 77 AMI (77)Hard disk setup over. Compaq (75)Start of protected mode test. Appendix A Chips & Tech (71)Key-lock. Error Code – 82 18 .(Beep)=2-4-4-1. Compaq (81)Do 8042 self-test. Compaq (7E)Exit cache controller test.1-1. About to issue keyboard controller interface test command. Error Code – 74 ACER (74)About to test serial port. Phoenix (72)Check for configuration errors. Phoenix (76)Check for keyboard errors. Error Code – 7B AMI (7B)CMOS battery verification over. Phoenix (7C)Set up hardware interrupts vectors. Error Code – 79 AMI (79)About to initialize timer data area. Phoenix (80)Disable onboard Super I/O ports and IRQs.(Beep)=2-4-4-3. checking for stuck key. About to issue keyboard reset command. Error Code – 78 ACER (78)Set real time.Initialize BIOS data area. Phoenix (7A)Determine/Init COM channels. Error Code – 81 AMI (81)Keyboard reset error/stuck key found. Error Code – 7F AMI (7F)Look for <DEL>key and get into CMOS setup if found About to check optional ROM C000:0. Compaq (72)High order address test. Compaq (74)Parity error on bus after memory test. Error Code – 7A AMI (7A)Timer data initialized and about to verify CMOS battery power.(Beep)=2-4-1-3. About to analyze diagnostic test results for memory. Compaq (7B)Exit protected mode.Initialize hardware interrupt vectors. Compaq (80)Start of 8042 test. Error Code – 80 ACER (80)Determine math CoProcessor is present.(72) Real time clock test.Determine LPT channels. Chips & Tech (72)Pointing divide. mouse interface test started. Phoenix (81)late POST device initialization. AMI (74)Display ’SETUP’ prompt and about to start floppy setup. AMI (80)Keyboard test started. Compaq (7A)Back in real mode-error.

Phoenix (8B)Test and initialize PS/2 mouse. Phoenix (84)Detect and install external parallels ports. Phoenix (83)Configure non-MCD IDE controllers.Fixed disk test. About to do Main and Video BIOS shadow. Going for hard disk. Appendix A AMI (82)Keyboard controller interface test over. no errors. Going for hard disk controller reset. About to go For floppy check. If no video replace Video card. Compaq (83)Error result. Phoenix (85)Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA devices.(Beep)=3-1-2-3.(Beep)=3-1-4-1.lock/keyboard type.(Beep)=3-1. Error Code – 8E AMI (8E)Mouse check and initialization complete. Phoenix (8E)Interrupt 19 boot loader. 80287 check/test OK. Error Code – 8C ACER (8C)System #2 initialize. Phoenix (82)Detect and install external RS232 ports. Error Code – 87 AMI (87)Programming before setup complete.(Beep)=3-1-3-1. Check for printer ports and put the addresses in global data area. About to check for lock-key. Error Code – 89 AMI (89)Programming after setup complete. Compaq (8B)Test keyboard interface. Compaq (89)Test for stuck keys. Error Code – 8B AMI (8B)First screen message displayed <WAIT…>message displayed. System ROM E000:0 check over.Test floppy drives. Error Code – 8F AMI (8F)Hard disk controller reset done.Final system initialization. Phoenix (87)Configure Motherboard Configuration Devices(option. About to display <WAIT…>message. Phoenix (8F)Determine number of ATA drives(optional) Error Code – 90 ACER (90)Invoke interrupt 19 to boot loader. wait for F1 test. Error Code – 83 AMI (83)Command byte written. AMI (84)Lock-key checking over. Going to uncompress SETUP code and execute CMOS setup. About to check for memory size mismatch with CMOS. CoProcessor detection over. Compaq (88)Got result.Test key. About to display soft error and check for password or bypass setup. Error Code – 84 ACER (84)Keyboard initialize. Check for RS232 ports and put the addresses in global data area. check it . AMI (8C)Main and video BIOS shadow successful. Phoenix (8C)Initialize floppy controller. mouse check and Init to be done next. Compaq (84)OK 8042. Going to display power on screen message. Phoenix (88)Initialize BIOS Data Area. read result. Test for hard disk presence to be done. reset keyboard.(86)Per form external ROM scan. Compaq (8C)Got result.(Beep)=3-1. About to do programming before Error Code – 88 ACER (88)System #1 initialize. floppy reset. AMI (88)Returned from CMOS setup program and screen is cleared. global data Init done. Compaq (82)Check result received. Compaq (8A)Key seems to be stuck.Init mode=5D. Compaq (86)Start keyboard test. Phoenix (89)Enable Non-Maskable Interrupts(NMIs) Error Code – 8A AMI (8A)First screen message displayed. About to write command byte and Init circular buffer. Error Code – 86 AMI (86)Password checked. About to do programming after setup.1-3.2-1. Phoenix (86)Re-initialize onboard I/O ports. AMI (90)Floppy setup is over. About to display soft error message. 19 . Floppy setup to be done nest. Compaq (87)Got acknowledge. About to give control to system ROM at segment E000.(Beep)=3-1-3-3. Compaq (8D)End of test. Phoenix (8A)Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area. check it. Error Code – 85 AMI (85)Memory size check done. Setup options programming after CMOS setup about to start. Error Code – 8D AMI (8D)Setup options are programmed.

Chips & Tech (95)Reset ICS. Returned after verifying from display memory. About to go for BIOS ROM data area check. Error Code – 96 AMI (96)Memory size adjusted due to mouse support.(Beep)=3-2-3-1. AMI (98)Optional ROM control is done.Going to do any Init before C800 optical ROM control. Compaq (96)8237 DMA Initialization complete. Phoenix (92)Jump to User Patch 2. About to give control to do any required processing after optional ROM returns control. Phoenix (99)Check for SMART Drive(optional). Chips & Tech (96)BIOS PEAK. Chips & Tech (90)Set-up RAM. two short beeps on checksum failure.(Beep)=3-2-1-2 Error Code – 92 AMI (92)Hard disk setup complete. Compaq (92)Error on CMOS read/write test. Compaq (91)CMOS seems to be OK. Phoenix (94)Disable A20 address line. Phoenix (96)Clear huge ES segment register.(Beep)=3-2-2-3. BIOS ROM data area check over.(Beep)= 3-2-1-3 Error Code – 93 AMI (93)BIOS ROM data area check halfway.(Beep)=3-2-1-1 Error Code – 91 AMI (91)Floppy setup complete. Error Code – 94 ACER (94)#5 shutdown. Error Code – 9A AMI (9A)Return after setting timer and printer base address. Error Code – 99 AMI (99)Any initialization required after optional ROM test over. Error Code – 9D AMI (9D)CoProcessor initialized. BIOS ROM data area check to be completed. hard disk type-47. Going to setup timer data area and printer base address. One long. Chips & Tech (94)POD Bootstrap. Phoenix (98)Search for option ROMs. AMI (9C)Required initialization before co-Processor is over. Chips & Tech (92)Configuration check. Error Code – 9C ACER (9C)#B shutdown. Error Code – 9B AMI (9B)Returned after RS-232 base address. Phoenix (97)Fix-up Multi Processor table. Phoenix (91)Initialize local-bus hard-disk controller. Appendix A Compaq (90)Start of CMOS test . Compaq (95)DMA controller OK. Phoenix (93)Build MPTABLE for multi processor boards.(Beep)=3-2-3-3. AMI (94)Hard disk setup complete. Phoenix (9A)Shadow option ROMS.(Beep)=3-2-2-1 Error Code – 95 AMI (95)Memory size adjusted due to mouse support.(Beep)=3-2-4-1. Phoenix (95)Install CD ROM for boot. Error Code – 98 ACER (98)#A shutdown. Compaq (94)Page registers seem OK. Going to set base and extended memory size. Optional ROM check & control will be done next. Going to set the RS-232 base address. Chips & Tech (97)VGA power. Compaq (93)Start of DMA controller test. Phoenix (90)Initialize hard-disk controller. Chips & Tech (98)Adapters POS. Going to de any initialization before Co-Processor test. Phoenix (9C)Set up Power Management. Error Code – 97 AMI (97)Any Init before C800 optional ROM control is over. Going to initialize the CoProcessor next. Hard disk setup to be done next. Going to do any initialization after CoProcessor test. Error Code – 9E 20 .Going to verify from display memory. hard disk type-47. Chips & Tech (91)CPU speed.

Error Code – B1 AMI (B1)un-compressing of SETUP code is complete. Phoenix (9E)Enable hardware SETUP code for hot-key setup. Phoenix (A8)Erase F2 prompt. Compaq (A5)FDC failed reset.(Beep)=3-3-4-1 Phoenix (AE)Clear in-POST flag. Error Code – A4 AMI (A4)Keyboard type matric rate set. Compaq (A2)FDC reset inactive(3F8H bit 2) Phoenix (A2)Check key lock. Error Code – B2-B5 Compaq (B2)Combo controller failed. Going to do any Initialization required before giving control to optional ROM at E000. Error Code – AA AMI (AA)Initialization after E000 optional ROM control is over. Phoenix (AA)Scan for F2 key stroke. Error Code – A7 AMI (A7)NMI and parity enabled. Compaq (A9)Seek operation initiated. Compaq (B0)Start of fixed drive tests. Compaq (B1)Combo board not found. Press F1 to disable NMI. Going to set the keyboard type matric rate.(Beep)3-3-3-1 Error Code – A9 AMI (A9)Returned from E000 ROM control. Compaq (A8)Start of determine drive type. Compaq (A1)FDC reset active (3F8H bit 2) Error Code – A2 AMI (A2)Cache memory test over. Appendix A AMI (9E)Initialization after CoProcessor test is complete.(Beep)=3-4-1-1.F2 to boot. Going to check expander keyboard. Going to enable parity and NMI. Going to program memory wait states. exit. Error Code – A0 AMI (A0)Keyboard ID command issued. Compaq (B4)Testing drive 2.(Beep)=3-3-3-3 Error Code – AB-AF Phoenix (AC)Enter SETUP. Phoenix (B2)POST done-prepare to boot operating system. Award (B1)If unmasked NMI occurs.4-1-3 Compaq (B3)Testing drive 1.(Beep)=3-3-1-1 Error Code – A1 AMI (A1)Keyboard ID flag reset. exit.(Beep)=3. Phoenix (A0)Set time of day . Going to display the system configuration. Phoenix (B4)One short beep before boot. num-lock on/off. E000 ROM to get control next. Award (B0)Spurious interrupt occurred in protect mode. Error Code – A6 AMI (A6)Screen cleared. Compaq (A6)FDC passed reset. Check mismatch memory. Phoenix (9F)Determine number at ATA and SCSI drives. ID flag set. Going to un-com. Error Code – A5 AMI (A5)Memory wait states programming over. Error Code – A8 AMI (A8)Initialization before E000 ROM control over. Going to display any soft errors. keyboard ID and number-lock.(Beep)=3-2-4-3. Cache memory test to follow.(Beep)=3-3-4-3. Compaq (AF)diskette tests complete. Keyboard ID flag to be reset.Unknown interrupt occurred. Going to do any init required after E000 optional ROM control. Phoenix (A4)Initialize Type matric rate. Compaq (A0)Start of diskette tests. Going to copy any code to specific area. Compaq (A3)FDC motoron. Compaq (AA)Waiting for FDC status. Compaq (A4)FDC time-out error.(Beep)=3-3-1-3 Error Code – A3 AMI (A3)Soft error display complete. Error Code – 9F AMI (9F)Extended keyboard check is done.Clear Boot fag. Keyboard ID command to be issued.(Beep)=3-4-3-1 21 . Error Code – B0 AMI (B0)System configuration is displayed. Phoenix (B0)Check for errors. Going to clear the screen and enable parity/NMI.

disable Cache if any. Compaq (BA)Attempt to boot fixed drive. Phoenix (C2)Initialize error logging. Error Code – C8. Phoenix (BD)Display Multi-Boot menu. Award (C7)Shadow video/system BIOS after memory pass.C3. Phoenix (B5)terminate Quiet-Boot(optional) Error Code – B6 Compaq (B6)Drive failed(failed to respond). OEM specific-test to size on. 22 .board memory. Error Code – C5 AMI (C5)Power on delay complete.CC AMI (CA)CMOS checksum calculation is done.Check CPU jumper Setting). Chips & Tech (C1)I/O channel activated. Phoenix (BA)Initialize DMI parameters. Award (C4)CMOS conflicts. Also. AMI (C3)Check memory(Cache. Error Code – BE Award (BE)Program defaults values into chipset.(Beep)=3-4-3-4 Compaq (B9)Attempt to boot diskette. Phoenix (C0)Try to boot with INT 19.(Beep)=3-4-4-1 Compaq (BD)Drive error. time delay. exit. Error Code – C7 AMI (C7)ROM BIOS checksum passed.c. AMI (C2)NMI is Disable. Award (C8)CMOS Shutdown. Phoenix (C1)Initialize POST Error Manager(PEM). Program chipset registers with setup values. Appendix A Compaq (B5)Drive error(error condition). Phoenix (C3)Initialize error display function. Compaq (BB)Boot attempt failed(diskette or fixed). OEM Specific-Early shadow enable for fast boot. Video or first 64K) Award (C3)DRAM Select page. Phoenix (B6)Check password(optional). Program chipset registers with power on BIOS defaults. Going to enable ROM i.C9 AMI (C8)CMOS Shutdown register test done. CMOS shutdown register test to be done next. Award (CA)Micronics cache initialization. Phoenix (BE)Clear screen(optional).(Beep)=3-4-4-4 Error Code – C0 Award (C0)Turn off chipset cache. Power on delay start on. Phoenix (C4)initialize system error handler. Phoenix (BC)Clear parity checkers. check video switch. Check BIOS setting and first SIMM.C2.(Beep)=3-4-4-3 Error Code – BF Award (BF)Program the rest of the chipset Award (BF)Chipset initialization. Chips & Tech (C0)System board memory failure. Phoenix (B9)Prepare boot. retry booting. Phoenix (B8)Clear global descriptor table. Award (C6)Cache presence test. CMOS status register about to initializing for Date and Time. External cache size detection. Phoenix (BB)Initialize PnP option ROMs. BIOS(Chipset) on the video not initializing. Possible address line failure. Check Video memory Phoenix (C6)Initialize notebook docking (optional). CMOS checksum calculation to be done next. Compaq (BC)Boot record read. Award (C5)Early shadow.(Beep)=4-1-1-1 Error Code – C1.(BE)Chipset default initialization. CMOS Drag byte written. Phoenix (BF)Check virus and backup reminders. Bad SIMM. Phoenix (C8)Force check(optional) Phoenix (C9)Extended checksum(optional) Error Code – CA.(Beep)=3-4-2-3 Error Code – B7-BD Compaq (B7)CMOS RAM invalid or no fixed drives. Compaq (BE)Weitck CoProcessor test. Phoenix (C7)Initialize notebook docking late. Compaq (B8)Fixed drive tests complete.C4 Award (C1)Memory presence test. (Check Memory first 64K.CB. jump to boot record. OEM Specific-cache control. Phoenix (C5)PnPnd dual CMOS(optional) Error Code – C6 AMI (C6)Calculating ROM BIOS checksum.

Keyboard command byte to be written next. then C. (Beep)=4-3-2-4. Going to check pressing of <INS> key during power-on. 23 . Compaq (D2)Ready to clear extended memory. Compaq (E2)Ready to replace EGA ROM. (F2) Initialize video. Check SIMM for mismatch.boot via INT 19-load system from drive A.(Beep)= 4-3-2. Phoenix (E3)Initialize refresh counter and system timer(Beep)=4-3. Compaq (D3)Ready to reset back to real mode. (Beep)=4-3-4-1. (EC) Boot the Flash program or initialize memory type.(F1)Initialize Run Time Clock. Phoenix (E0)Initialize the chipset.(Beep)4-2-2-3. Error Code – E1.#2.1 –4 Error Code – E4-EC Phoenix (E4)Check for forced Flash or initialize system I/O.(Beep)=4-2-3-1.(DC)Shutdown 10 error(Beep)=4-2-4-1 AMI (DD)Transfer control to un-compressed code in shadow ram at F000:FFF0. Appendix A AMI (CB)CMOS status register Init done. If no error flags such as memory size are set . Phoenix (D2)Unknown interrupt error. Error Code – D0-DC Compaq (D0)Entry to clear memory routine. Any initialization before keyboard BAT to be done next. (Beep)=4-3-3-2. (E8)Do OEM initialization or set huge segment.(Beep)4-3-2-2. Compaq (D1)Ready to go to protected mode. (E6) BIOS ROM is OK.(Beep)=4-3 -1-3 Error Code – E3 Compaq (E3)Completed EGA ROM replacement. Compaq (D4)Back in real mode-ready to clear real mode. (Beep) =4-3-2-3.Shutdown error. This means that the BIOS already passed control to the operation system.interrupt controller #1. (E9) Initialize interrupt controller or initialize multi processor. Error Code – FF Award (FF)System booting. Boot system. (E7) Do a complete RAM Test or go to BIOS. Video display is disable and port-B is initialized. (ED) Initialize the boot device or initialize memory size. (EB) Initialize all vectors or initialize PIC and DMA. Any initialization after KB controller.(DA)Extended Block Move. (EA)Read in bootstrap code or initialize OEM special code. Error Code – CD-CF AMI (CD)BAT command to keyboard controller is to be issued.#2 disable. Going to disable DMA and Interrupt controllers.(F6)Clear Huge Segment.(Beep)=4-2-2-1 AMI (D5)RUNTIME code is un-compressed.(F7)Boot to Full DOS. Phoenix (F3)Initialize System Management Mode. AMI (D4)Chipset Initialization/auto memory detection about to begin.(F4)Output one beep before DOS. (Beep)=4-3-3-1.(F5)Boot to Mini DOS. Phoenix (D6)Initialize option ROM error. Phoenix (E2)Initialize the motherboard chipset.(E5)Check HW status of ROM or check force recovery boot. display error message if correct boot device not found. AMI (D2)Checking for pressing of <INS>key during power-on done. Compaq (E0)Ready to replace E000 ROM. and CPU. (Beep)=4-3-4-2 Error Code – EE Award (EE)Unexpected Processor exception. (Beep)=4-3 -3-3. Phoenix (E1)Initialize the bridge. (Beep)=4-3-3-4.(Beep)= 4-3-4-3 Error Code – F0-F7 Phoenix (F0)Initialize interrupt vectors.(Beep)=4-2-1-3 AMI (D3)DMA controller #1. Phoenix (EE)Boot code was read OK or shadow boot block.E2 Compaq (E1)Completed E000 ROM replacement. Award (CC)NMI handler shutdown.(Beep)=4 -2-3-3. Phoenix (D0)Interrupt handler error. Phoenix (D4)Pending interrupt error.(Beep)=4-2-1-1 AMI (D1)Keyboard controller command byte is written. AMI (CF)Initialization after KB controller BAT done. AMI (CE)Keyboard controller BAT result verified. Chipset initialize/auto memory detection about to begin.