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General CHRISTMAS ISLAND

GENERAL (See Plan) All forms may be downloaded either in word or PDF format from the
Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service’s website at
Web: www.affa.gov.au/content/forms
Vessels under LOA 25 m. do not need to comply with above. Port users
GEO-POLITICAL: should also note that Island law restricts the importation of cats and dogs to
Capital City: The Settlement. the island. Any vessel with such animals will be required to keep them bonded
Nationality: (noun) Christmas Islander, (adjective) Christmas Island. on board. Further information on quarantine requirements can be obtained.
Population: 1,402. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 7456. Fax: +61 (8)
COMMUNICATIONS: 9164 7468 Email: christmas.island@aqis.gov.au
International Direct Dial Code: 61-8. PRE-ARRIVAL INFORMATION: ETA Advice: All vessels should
Number of Internal Airports: 1. contact Customs prior to arrival on VHF Channel 16 to arrange a suitable
Major Languages Spoken: English (official), Chinese, Malay. time for inspection. Vessels arriving at night are requested to advise
ECONOMY: Police/Customs of their arrival at 0800 hrs. the following morning.
Currency: 1 Australian Dollar (AUD) of 100 Cents. The following details are to be provided:
Exchange: (as of May 2008) a) name of vessel
US$ 1.00 ␦ AUD 1.04 b) number of people on board
AUD 1.00 ␦ US$ 0.96 c) last port of call
Exchange rates under licence from XE.com d) any illness
Main Industries: Tourism and phosphate extraction. e) any animals on board
ENVIRONMENT: f) nationality.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m. Vessels calling Christmas Island are subject to full Australian Immigration
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 12 n.m. requirements and all appropriate documentation should be made available
Exclusive Fishing Zone: 200 n.m. to Customs officer.
Coastline Extent: 139 km. This includes:
Climate: Tropical with a wet season (December to April) and dry season; a) passports/visa
heat and humidity moderated by trade winds. b) incoming/outgoing Immigration cards
Natural Resources: Phosphate and beaches. c) port clearance
Natural Hazards: The narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be d) firearm/drug clearance
a maritime hazard. e) Cash Transaction Report Agency (CTRA) declaration (carrying more
Terrain: Steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau. than A$ 10,000 cash).
The telegraphic address is ‘‘CIPHOS, Christmas Island’’. On sailing from
the previous port, ETA should be radioed to the Harbour Master. 48 hours
before arrival, a confirmation of ETA should be sent.
FLYING FISH COVE: 10␥ 25' S 105␥ 40' E (See Plan) Ships in Port: In conformity with international regulations, no radio
transmissions are allowed by vessels whilst berthed at Christmas Island. Any
OVERVIEW: Open roadstead port handles bulk phosphates, containers, telegrams requiring dispatch must be lodged at the Post Office for
general cargo and tankers. transmission. Post Office hours are 0800 – 1200 and 1300 – 1500, Monday to
LOCATION: On the northern coast of Christmas Island. Friday only.
CHARTS: AUS Charts No. 608 and 941A. VHF: The Marine Office is equipped with VHF and may be called on
PORT LIMITS: The area of sea in and adjacent to Flying Fish Cove in Channel 16 from 0000 – 0900 hrs. (GMT) (0700 – 1600 local time), Monday to
the Territory of Christmas Island enclosed by a line commencing at a point Friday, weekends by arrangement only.
where a line bearing 270␥(T) from the flagstaff at Government House Call sign is ‘‘Christmas Island Marine’’.
intersects the coastline of Christmas Island at MHW thence 270␥(T) for a TUGS: None.
distance of 1.07 n.m. thence 360␥(T) for a distance of 1.07 n.m. thence SE BERTHS: Norris Point (Nui Nui) Berth: Located on the eastern side
by a straight line to Rocky Point thence generally SW along the coastline of of the Island, for use in monsoon season. No mooring facilities at this berth.
Christmas Island at MHW to the point of commencement. A tower crane is used to handle cargo from barges used in lighterage
DOCUMENTS: operation from vessels. Yacht access is limited, particularly between
Certificate of Registry November and May where there is a heavy swell. There are five heavy-duty
2 Crew Lists yacht facilities in depth 30.0 m.
Load Line Certificate Also see ‘‘Bulk Facilities’’, ‘‘Tanker Facilities’’ and ‘‘Cargo Handling
2 Manifests Facilities’’.
Maritime Declaration of Health MOORING: All mooring lines to be at least 200 m. length and 52 mm.
2 Passenger Lists diameter. If there is doubt about the condition, size or length of ship’s ropes,
Port Clearance. the Harbour Master should be requested, by telegram, 24 hours before arrival,
On arrival at the Island, all usual customs formalities must be observed. to supply extra shore ropes.
Immigration Officers will board to clear vessel inward. Until the vessel has Bulk Rock Phosphate Berth: Normally berth starboard side to. Minimum
been cleared, crew members and passengers must not go ashore. lines required 3 forward and 3 aft. To be made ready prior to berthing.
Certificates: Register of Cargo Gear and Test Certificates. General Cargo Berth: Normally berth port side to. Minimum lines required
Also see ‘‘Documents’’ before first Australia port. 3 lines forward and 5 lines aft. To be made ready prior to berthing.
ISPS COMPLIANCE: Port is not compliant. Tanker Berth (Smith Point): Normally berth starboard side to. Minimum
MAX. SIZE: 35,000 S.d.w.t., LOA 192 m., beam 28.0 m. lines required 3 forward and 3 aft. To be made ready prior to berthing. Two
DENSITY: 1023. mooring barges (6 tonnes BP) available to run mooring lines and to assist
RESTRICTIONS: Pilotage is daylight hours only. Night-time pilotage is with manoeuvring the vessel. At least two mooring supervisors from the port
only in cases of emergency. will be placed fore and aft to assist crew with mooring operation.
APPROACHES: On receipt of radioed advice, arrangements should be BULK FACILITIES:
made to arrive at the boarding position, i.e. one mile west of Smith Point, at Vessels Loading Bulk Phosphate: Loading Plant: Bulk phosphate is
the appointed time. On arrival, the way should be taken off the ship and the loaded by two cantilever arms. When the ship is moored in the loading
engines stopped, as, when the weather permits, the mooring gear is also position, the arms are swung over the appropriate hatches and the cargo
loaded at this position. poured directly into the holds. The capacity of each arm is 1,500 tonnes/hr.;
PILOTAGE: Compulsory for all vessels over 150 g.t. All vessels requiring i.e. 3,000 tonnes/hr. overall loading rate.
a Pilot should contact the Port Authority or local Agent, at least 48 hours prior Ballast: Vessels should arrive with sufficient ballast to allow them to be
to arrival. This however does not guarantee berthing on arrival. Pilot boarding handled without tugs in a strong breeze. However, on ships loading bulk
ground is 1 mile west of Smith Point. Pilot ladder to be rigged on starboard phosphate, the amount of ballast should be restricted to the amount that can
side about 1.5 m. above waterline. To assist the Pilot boarding vessel to be discharged comfortably whilst loading. The bottom of the loading chute,
provide a suitable lee and maintain a minimum dead slow ahead speed. when fully raised, is 16 m. above MHWS.
Pilotage of vessels carrying in excess of 20,000 tonnes of cargo and or The Loading Berth: The bulk loading plant is served by a system of outer
ballast must seek Port Authority advice before acceptance of pilotage. This and inner buoys. Initially, a vessel is secured to the outer buoys, which are
anchored in very deep water and then breasted to an inner buoy system
is due to the manoeuvrability of vessels of this deadweight.
(Inner Berth).
Vessels must not close the moorings nearer than one mile until such time
Preparation before Arrival:
as the Harbour Master, or his Assistant, boards to supervise securing to the
i. The forecastle head should be left as clear as possible of chain,
mooring system. All Harbour Masters are qualified Master Mariners and will
lashings, etc., so that all pipes, fairleads and bitts are available for
render pilotage assistance.
use.
ANCHORAGES: No anchorage is available at Christmas Island, the depth ii. The derricks or cranes at No. 1 and at the aftermost hatch should be
of water being too great. Vessels unable to moor due to adverse weather, ready for loading cantilever mooring gear. At the other hatches, all
berth occupancy or late arrival, usually heave to off the port and return by derricks should be hoisted and swung over to the port side so that
daylight next morning, or when advised to do so by the Harbour Master. derricks, guys, preventers and runners are well clear of the hatchway.
PRATIQUE: Quarantine: All vessels must display yellow quarantine flag Hatches should be open before the Pilot boards ready for immediate
prior to entering territorial waters and no person is allowed to board or loading once the ship is secured in the berth. It is essential that all
disembark the vessel without permission from a Quarantine Officer until the lower holds are clean and free of dunnage on arrival. Hatch beams
vessel has undergone formal quarantine clearance. These requirements need not be removed.
apply to vessels arriving from mainland Australia as well as to vessels arriving iii. If general cargo is to be discharged, a good boat rope should be
from overseas ports. rigged on both sides for the full length of the vessel going well forward
All vessels of LOA greater than 25 m. are required to submit a Quarantine and well aft with ‘‘stirrups’’ abreast of the ends of each hatchway.
Pre-Arrival Report (QPAR) detailing particulars of the vessel, voyage, health iv. Any jumper stay, mast stay, or wireless aerial that obstructs a hatch
status and ballast water management. The ballast water details must also should be free and ready for releasing.
be documented using two other forms (the uptake/discharge Log and v. The pilot ladder should be rigged on the starboard side sufficiently far
Treatment/Exchange Log). The two ballast forms must be filled out along forward to be on the flat side of the vessel clear of the overhang of
with the QPAR but only the QPAR needs to be sent to quarantine prior to the hull aft. The bottom rung should be one metre above the water.
arrival. The ballast forms must be made available to the inspecting Quarantine vi. All discharges or scuppers in the vicinity of cargo boats, pilot ladders
Officer for verification along with the ship’s log books and charts. or gangways, must be effectively screened or blocked off.

See guidelines for compiling and submitting information (page xi) 693

1 1. Weekly Stowage Factor: Bagged dust stows at approximately 45 cu. No vii) All derricks. 26 December (Boxing Day). will normally sit approximately 10 m. Centre is the Coastal Surveillance Centre. Hari Raya Puasa. Spare Cabins Available 4. but v) The pilot ladder should be rigged on the starboard side sufficiently far idle.000 tonnes for trimming after draft survey. Main Engines and Deck Machinery: It is imperative for the vessel’s Vessels Loading Bagged Phosphate Dust: The Loading Plant: safety that the main engines are ready for proceeding to sea at all times. the bow to the main mooring and vessel is in port. the vessel to end hatch figures for adjusting the vessel’s trim. Mooring winches aft and windlass forward should have power on these hoses. There are no authorised hull surveyors. There are no Customs regulations or requirements pertaining to the Number of Berths in additional Cabins loading of ship’s stores. and block stowed in the hold. seaward of the shore crane’s centre. Service Speed Daily Fuel Consumption Steaming REPAIRS: No facilities exist. Questionnaire: To facilitate loading the vessel. a limited quantity of fresh water may Size of Chain Cable be obtained. the Harbour Master should be Whilst shore labour is on board. when the ship is moored. (1. TELEPHONES: Placed aboard when required by Port Authorities. two hatches should be open and ready to commence loading with LOCAL HOLIDAYS: New Year’s Day. Easter Monday. No animals or poultry may be imported into allow the draft to be determined and alterations made to end hatch figures Christmas Island without a permit from the Administrator. retain all their proceeding to sea. hatch boards. only. two good WEATHER/TIDES: The weather and sea conditions are subject to rapid mooring ropes should be available aft. The bags. or 8 in. TIME: GMT plus 7 hours throughout the year. These ropes should be change. which I have carefully noted. overboard is prohibited.V. Also see ‘‘Mooring’’. sea watches must be kept. vessels to have suitable crane or derrick to handle ix. No. 1 October (Territory Day). ready for shore labour to handle mooring ropes. However. B301 signed by a Government Veterinary Surgeon and Quarantine It is recommended that planned loading allows a balance of Officer (Animal) 500/1. It is therefore advisable to seek advice from positioned so that they can be run from either quarter. floating hoses. Forklifts are available to assist in loading stores. The ship must carry out its own draft survey and d) a permit to embark animals on overseas vessels signed by a call for additional cargo required to make up Bill of Lading or Manifest quantity Quarantine Officer (Animal). north of Margaret Beaches. it extremely difficult to handle in the prevailing fresh SE breeze. Port Authority prior to arrival. It is particularly important that the windlass and aft mooring the stern to a buoy further inshore. Vigilant weather watch is to be maintained and iv) All ropes should be at least 200 m. and beams will be handled by ship’s crew berth starboard side to. STEVEDORES: Supplied by Agents. Engine and machinery repairs are only Drifting permitted with written consent from Port Authority. Good Friday. The bottom rung should be one metre above the water. INDIAN OCEAN. Due to prevailing weather conditions vessels will viii. 2 range of supplies. No. to unless the following documents are produced: be presented to the Loading Master on arrival.m. Additional Cabins which can be made Available if required 5. pilot ladders or gangways must be effectively screened or blocked off. Chinese New Year (two days). ii) A good boat rope should be rigged on both sides of the vessel going Queen’s Birthday. Email: gasengci@pulau.) vessels Bill of Lading Tonnage: Loading will be stopped at any quantity desired short should endeavour to arrange the discharge of water ballast so that of the final figure to allow the draft to be determined and alterations made loading can be completed without interruption. Preparation before Arrival: i) The derricks should be raised and ready to work. Phosphate Mining Corporation of Christmas Island. and this would take No. Quantity of Phosphate required for full Cargo this Voyage FUEL: Available at Smith Point. The angle of repose is about 35␥. supervise the unmooring operations.ft. No. MASTER SURVEYORS: The Harbour Master or his assistant in his capacity as Lloyd’s Agent. Weighing Machine: A weighing machine is installed at the loading plant but Fire Tel: 222. 3 emergency that stores would be supplied to ships./tonne in bulk carriers.1 tonnes. and at its radius it can lift 13. Requirements should be advised by radio the day prior to arrival Weight of Anchors and confirmed with the Harbour Master when he boards.cx Number of Hatches into which Phosphate will be Loaded Also see ‘‘Mooring’’ and ‘‘Tanker Facilities’’. Local labour is available to load stores onto ships.000 tonnes/hr. Quantity of Fuel on board on Arrival DRY DOCK: See ‘‘Cirebon’’. BANKS: West Pac. should not arrive trimmed excessively by the stern as this could make TANKER FACILITIES: Tanker berth is situated at Smit Point 1 n. Draft gauges are supplied from shore and fitted to ship’s side to assist with Cables: ‘‘Marineops’’ Canberra. bow to the buoy. Weather permitting. However. Should the wind blow onshore at Force 3 or forward to be on the flat side of the vessel clear of the overhang of more. only. When the vessel is moored. ship must be taken to sea at once. Stowage Factor: The free pour stowage factor of Christmas Island phosphate is 0. CHRISTMAS ISLAND. This also applies to moving engines for testing. In addition to the head mooring lines. I acknowledge receipt of your brochure giving information in connection with POLLUTION: Whilst the vessel is in port the disposal of garbage mooring and loading at Christmas Island. Quantity to be Loaded into each Hatch STORING: See ‘‘Storing’’ on page xiv. The net weight on each sling is 2 tonnes. are brought alongside by powered barges. The Loading Berth: Bagged phosphate is usually loaded at B2 mooring. hatch boards and beams will be handled by ship’s crew charge. vi) All discharges or scuppers in the vicinity of cargo boats. the prior permission of the Harbour Master must be obtained. a Harbour Master is on duty. Ambulance Tel: 333. 1912-58. condition or length of the ship’s ropes. It would therefore only be in cases of extreme No. to expedite loading./tonne). irrespective of season. therefore animals for adjusting the vessel’s trim. the the hull aft. or the vessel’s movements place undue strain on the moorings. Contact Indian Tonnage Summer Displacement Ocean Health Services.25 cu. The General Manager. or poultry must not be accepted on board a ship for carriage to the Island Loading Distribution Plan: A loading distribution plan should be made up. If there is doubt about the local Met updates are available. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 7463. Here Power must be kept on the windlass and all winches the whole time the the vessel is moored between two buoys. Port will not accept responsibility for hose connection failure. long. Fax: +61 (8) 9164 8460. Hari two gangs immediately upon arrival.84 cu. Cargo is loaded or discharged through either 6 in. Working hours 12 hours per day. No draft surveys are carried c) a Certificate of Stock signed by an Inspector of Stock out by shore personnel.m. M. NEAREST AIRPORT: Christmas Island Domestic Airport. As the loading rate is high (approximately 3. Port Authority should be consulted if cargo to be handled in excess of the Off. REGULATIONS: The importation of animals and poultry into Christmas Loading will be stopped at any quantity desired short of the final figure to Island is subject to strict control. Tel: +61 (8) tonnes 9164 8313. The crane boom length is 40 m. 4 2. Dear Sir. the engines must not be used except for Ballast: Ships loading bagged dust should. All derricks. Cargo Gear: To comply with requirements of the Australian Navigation Act. as Bagged phosphate dust is loaded by ship’s gear. hoisted inboard proceed offshore at very short notice.S. Contact Gaseng Petroleum Pty. draft readings. Not applicable as moorings are off shore. as per charter party. The following are the particulars of this ship: MEDICAL: Available through Indian Ocean Territories who offer a wide Call Sign range of medical and ancillary health services. 9164 8338. 5 place at any convenient time prior to or during loading. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 8333. for which ballast until approximately half the cargo is on board. stowed on occasionally sharp squalls set in which make it necessary for the ship to cloverleaf slings. winch are in first class order. above limitations. 694 Readers are encouraged to send updates and additions (page xi) . Length Breadth Depth Size of Panama Lead – if fitted FRESH WATER: In an emergency. Last Port of Departure Sufficient water should be carried to allow for a prolonged period of drifting Date of Sailing off the Island in unfavourable weather conditions. Hospital is well equipped and Tonnage – Gross Net offers outpatient GP service and 24-hour emergency care. Tel: Canberra 476666. 6 3. it must only be used as a guide to the quantity loaded and scale figures EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE: The nearest Co-ordination should be checked against the vessel’s draft. POLICE/AMBULANCE/FIRE: Police Tel: 444. of each hatchway. BALLAST: See ‘‘Pratique’’ and ‘‘Bulk Facilities’’. The S.m. per ton flights from Perth and Singapore. He will advise requested by telegram 24 hours before arrival to supply extra shore if the weather conditions necessitate taking the vessel to sea and will ropes. 26 January (Australia Day). Canberra.CHRISTMAS ISLAND Flying Fish Cove vii. No work performed on New Year’s Day. Good Friday. the questionnaire should be CARGO HANDLING FACILITIES: General Cargo Berth: Vessels completed and forwarded to the Corporation’s General Manager on arrival. a) a permit from the Administrator Fastest overall loading time will be achieved if amounts can be more or b) a Certificate of Health and Declaration by Owners on Form less evenly distributed between the two loading arms.75 – 0. CONSULS: Administrator’s Office performs some consular functions. Hari Raya Puasa. Total number of Passengers who can be taken 6. Manropes must be fitted. The Island is stored purely for local needs with limited quantities and No. 5 km. Raya Haji. 25 December well forward and well aft with supporting stirrups abreast of the ends (Christmas Day). iii) Two heavy mooring ropes should be ready forward to run from either 1st day of Chinese New Year and Christmas Day. In such cases vessels would be stored by barge.

REPATRIATION: Only for medical emergencies. in normal weather.Flying Fish Cove CHRISTMAS ISLAND CUSTOMS: The importation of firearms. SHORE LEAVE: Shore leave is. ammunition and explosives will be impounded by police for the duration of the visit and returned on departure. local time. Master are requested to prevent crew from selling or supplying liquors or other goods to any person on the Island. Breaches of the Liquor and Trading Laws render offenders liable to heavy penalties. Christmas Island 6798. FAX: +61 (8) 9164 8435. IDENTIFICATION CARDS: Not required. ammunition and explosives into Christmas Island is prohibited unless vessel has permit to do so. Also see ‘‘Regulations’’. AUTHORITY: Christmas Island Port. Harbour Master. Christmas Island.cx Contact: Andrew Butterworth. See guidelines for compiling and submitting information (page xi) 695 . All declared firearms. Email: westernci@pulau. When the weather is doubtful the Harbour Master may prohibit shore leave altogether. Tel: +61 (8) 9164 8434. at the discretion of the Master and shall expire at 1700 hrs. PO Box 445.