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1.

(a) (i) Use De Moivres theorem and the identity

(a + b)5 = a5 + 5a4 b + 10a3 b2 + 10a2 b3 + 5ab4 + b5

to show that
sin 5 = 16 sin5 20 sin3 + 5 sin
[4]

Solution:

(c + is)5 = cos5 + 5 cos4 i sin 10 cos3 sin2 10 cos2 i sin3


+ 5 cos sin4 + i sin5 [C1]
sin 5 = 5 cos sin 10 cos sin3 + sin5
4 2
[R1]
= 5 sin (1 sin ) 10 sin (1 sin ) + sin5
2 2 3 2 2
[C1]
= 16 sin5 20 sin3 + 5 sin [A1]

(ii) Find the similar expression for cos 5 [2]

Solution:

cos 5 = cos5 + 10 cos3 ( sin2 ) + 5 cos (i sin )4 [C1]


= cos5 10 cos3 sin2 + 5 cos sin4 [R1]
5 3
simplifies to 16 cos 20 cos + 5 cos

Pn 1 n
(b) Prove by mathematical induction that, for all positive integers n, r=1 (2r)2 1 = 2n+1 [6]

1 1 1
Solution: 22 1
= =
21+1 True
3 [A1]
Pk 1 k
assume true for k, r=1 (2r)2 1 = 2k+1 [A1]
k 1 k 1 2k2 +3k+1
2k+1 + (2k+2)2 1 = 2k+1 + (2k+1)(2k+3) = (2k+1)(2k+3) [C1A1]
(2k+1)(k+1) k+1
= (2k+1)(2k+3) = 2[k+1]+1 [A1]
True by principle of mathematical induction [A1]

(c) The complex numbers w and z satisfy the relation

z+i
w=
iz + 2
(i) Given that z = 1 + i, find w giving your answer in the form x + iy, where x and y
are real. [4]

Solution:
Substitute z = 1 + i and obtain w = 1+2i
1+i [A1]
Multiply numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator or
equivalent [C1]
subtract [1 mark] if i 1 used as conjugate
Simplify numberator to 3 + i or denominator to 2. [A1]
3 1
Obtain final answer 2 + 2 i or equivalent [A1]

(ii) Given instead that w = z and the real part of z is negative, find z giving your answer
in the form x + iy, where x and y are real. [4]

Solution:
Substitute w = z and obtain a 3-term quadratic equation in z, e.g. iz 2 + z i =
0 [R1]
Solve a 3-term quadratic for z [R1]
Obtain a correct solution in any form, e.g. z = 1i
2i
3
[A1]

3
Obtain final answer 2 + 12 i [A1]
(d) The complex number 2 + i is denoted by u.
(i) Given that u is a root of the equation x3 11x k = 0, where k is real, find the value
of k [3]
(ii) Write down the other complex root of this equation [1]
(iii) Find the modulus and argument of u [2]
(iv) Sketch an Argand diagram showing the point representing u. Shade the region whose
points represent the complex numbers z satisfying both the inequalities
1
|z| < |z 2| and arg(z u) <
4
[4]

Solution:

(i) Substitute x = 2+i in the equation and attempt expansion of (2+i)3 [R1]
Use i2 = 1 correctly at least once and solve for k [C1]
Obtain k = 20 [A1]

(ii) State that the other complex root is 2 i [A1]



(iii) Obtain modulus 5 [A1]
o
Obtain argument 53.4 or 2.68 radians [A1]

(iv) Show point representing u in a relatively correct position in an Argand Diagram


[C1]
Show vertical line through Re(z) = 1 [R1]
Show the correct half-lines from u or gradient zero and 1 [R1]
Shade the relavant region [B1]
Shade region x < 1 and y < x + 3

Total [30 marks]

2. (a) (i) Given the series 12 + 214 + 217 + 211 0 + . . .


show that the series is geometric. [3]
(ii) Find the sum of the series to n terms. [4]

Solution:
1/24 1/27
(i) 1/2 = 1/24
[A1]
= 81 [A1]
1
S is geometric with commone ratio r = 8
1
[1( 81 )n ]
(ii) 2
1 81
[C1]
1 1
[1 8n
]
2
1
1 8
[R1]
1 8 1
2 7 [1 8n ] [R1]
4 1
7 [1 8n ] [A1]

(b) Given that


1 1
un = 2
n2 n+1 n +n+1
show that
2m
X m(3m + 1)
Sm = un =
(m2 + m + 1)(4m2 + 2m + 1)
n=m+1

in terms of m [5]

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1 1 1 1
Solution: Sm = (m+1)2 (m+1)+1
(m+1)2 +(m+1)+1
+ ... + (2m)2 2m+1
(2m)2 +2m+1

1 1
Sm =
m2 + m + 1 m2 + 3m + 3
1 1
+ 2 2
m + 3m + 3 m + 5m + 7
...
1 1
+ 2
2
4m 2m + 1 4m + 2m + 1
1 1
= 2 2
m + m + 1 4m + 2m + 1
Substitute (m + 1) into un [A1]
Substitute 2m into un [A1]
Show result as first term - last term [R1]
attempt to simplify [A1]
obtain correct result [A1]

(c) In an arithmetic progression, the 1st term is 10, the 15th term is 11 and the last term is
41. Find the sum of all the terms in the progression. [5]

Solution: a = 10 a + 14d = 11 d = 23 [C1] Using a + (n 1)d


a + (n 1)d = 41 n = 35 [R1] Correct method [A1] Correct answer only
Either Sn = n2 (2a + (n 1)d) or n2 (a + l) [C1]
= 542.5 [A1] value based on their d and n

(d) Given that the first three terms of the Maclaurin Series for (1 + sin x)ex are identical to
the first three terms of the binomial series for (1 + ax)n , find the values of the constants
a and n. [6]

2
Solution: (1 + sin x)ex = 1 + 2x + 3x2 + . . .
two correct terms [C1] , All three terms [C1]
(1 + ax)n = 1 + anx + 12 a2 (n 1)nx2
two correct terms [C1] , All three terms [C1]
correct answers only a = 12 and n = 4 [R2]

(e) (i) Find and simplify the first four terms in the binomial expansion of (1 + 12 x)10 in
ascending powers of x. [4]

45x2
Solution: (1 + 12 x)10 = 1 + 5x + 4 + 15x3 + . . . [A4]

(ii) Hence find the coefficient of x3 in the expansion of (3 + 4x + 2x2 )(1 + 21 x)10 . [3]

Solution: 3 (x3 term) + 4x (x2 term) + 2x2 (x term) [R1]


. . . + 45x3 + 45x3 + 10x3 + . . . [R1]
correct answer 100 [A1]

Total [30 marks]

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