MAt paper

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MAt paper

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- 3- Complex Numbers
- JEE MAIN
- FP1 - Review Excerise 1
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- 1 Complex Numbers Part 1 of 3
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- 48
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- Asimov Algebra
- Principles of Complex Algebra
- Complex Numbers

You are on page 1of 3

to show that

sin 5 = 16 sin5 20 sin3 + 5 sin

[4]

Solution:

+ 5 cos sin4 + i sin5 [C1]

sin 5 = 5 cos sin 10 cos sin3 + sin5

4 2

[R1]

= 5 sin (1 sin ) 10 sin (1 sin ) + sin5

2 2 3 2 2

[C1]

= 16 sin5 20 sin3 + 5 sin [A1]

Solution:

= cos5 10 cos3 sin2 + 5 cos sin4 [R1]

5 3

simplifies to 16 cos 20 cos + 5 cos

Pn 1 n

(b) Prove by mathematical induction that, for all positive integers n, r=1 (2r)2 1 = 2n+1 [6]

1 1 1

Solution: 22 1

= =

21+1 True

3 [A1]

Pk 1 k

assume true for k, r=1 (2r)2 1 = 2k+1 [A1]

k 1 k 1 2k2 +3k+1

2k+1 + (2k+2)2 1 = 2k+1 + (2k+1)(2k+3) = (2k+1)(2k+3) [C1A1]

(2k+1)(k+1) k+1

= (2k+1)(2k+3) = 2[k+1]+1 [A1]

True by principle of mathematical induction [A1]

z+i

w=

iz + 2

(i) Given that z = 1 + i, find w giving your answer in the form x + iy, where x and y

are real. [4]

Solution:

Substitute z = 1 + i and obtain w = 1+2i

1+i [A1]

Multiply numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator or

equivalent [C1]

subtract [1 mark] if i 1 used as conjugate

Simplify numberator to 3 + i or denominator to 2. [A1]

3 1

Obtain final answer 2 + 2 i or equivalent [A1]

(ii) Given instead that w = z and the real part of z is negative, find z giving your answer

in the form x + iy, where x and y are real. [4]

Solution:

Substitute w = z and obtain a 3-term quadratic equation in z, e.g. iz 2 + z i =

0 [R1]

Solve a 3-term quadratic for z [R1]

Obtain a correct solution in any form, e.g. z = 1i

2i

3

[A1]

3

Obtain final answer 2 + 12 i [A1]

(d) The complex number 2 + i is denoted by u.

(i) Given that u is a root of the equation x3 11x k = 0, where k is real, find the value

of k [3]

(ii) Write down the other complex root of this equation [1]

(iii) Find the modulus and argument of u [2]

(iv) Sketch an Argand diagram showing the point representing u. Shade the region whose

points represent the complex numbers z satisfying both the inequalities

1

|z| < |z 2| and arg(z u) <

4

[4]

Solution:

(i) Substitute x = 2+i in the equation and attempt expansion of (2+i)3 [R1]

Use i2 = 1 correctly at least once and solve for k [C1]

Obtain k = 20 [A1]

(iii) Obtain modulus 5 [A1]

o

Obtain argument 53.4 or 2.68 radians [A1]

[C1]

Show vertical line through Re(z) = 1 [R1]

Show the correct half-lines from u or gradient zero and 1 [R1]

Shade the relavant region [B1]

Shade region x < 1 and y < x + 3

show that the series is geometric. [3]

(ii) Find the sum of the series to n terms. [4]

Solution:

1/24 1/27

(i) 1/2 = 1/24

[A1]

= 81 [A1]

1

S is geometric with commone ratio r = 8

1

[1( 81 )n ]

(ii) 2

1 81

[C1]

1 1

[1 8n

]

2

1

1 8

[R1]

1 8 1

2 7 [1 8n ] [R1]

4 1

7 [1 8n ] [A1]

1 1

un = 2

n2 n+1 n +n+1

show that

2m

X m(3m + 1)

Sm = un =

(m2 + m + 1)(4m2 + 2m + 1)

n=m+1

in terms of m [5]

Page 2

1 1 1 1

Solution: Sm = (m+1)2 (m+1)+1

(m+1)2 +(m+1)+1

+ ... + (2m)2 2m+1

(2m)2 +2m+1

1 1

Sm =

m2 + m + 1 m2 + 3m + 3

1 1

+ 2 2

m + 3m + 3 m + 5m + 7

...

1 1

+ 2

2

4m 2m + 1 4m + 2m + 1

1 1

= 2 2

m + m + 1 4m + 2m + 1

Substitute (m + 1) into un [A1]

Substitute 2m into un [A1]

Show result as first term - last term [R1]

attempt to simplify [A1]

obtain correct result [A1]

(c) In an arithmetic progression, the 1st term is 10, the 15th term is 11 and the last term is

41. Find the sum of all the terms in the progression. [5]

a + (n 1)d = 41 n = 35 [R1] Correct method [A1] Correct answer only

Either Sn = n2 (2a + (n 1)d) or n2 (a + l) [C1]

= 542.5 [A1] value based on their d and n

(d) Given that the first three terms of the Maclaurin Series for (1 + sin x)ex are identical to

the first three terms of the binomial series for (1 + ax)n , find the values of the constants

a and n. [6]

2

Solution: (1 + sin x)ex = 1 + 2x + 3x2 + . . .

two correct terms [C1] , All three terms [C1]

(1 + ax)n = 1 + anx + 12 a2 (n 1)nx2

two correct terms [C1] , All three terms [C1]

correct answers only a = 12 and n = 4 [R2]

(e) (i) Find and simplify the first four terms in the binomial expansion of (1 + 12 x)10 in

ascending powers of x. [4]

45x2

Solution: (1 + 12 x)10 = 1 + 5x + 4 + 15x3 + . . . [A4]

(ii) Hence find the coefficient of x3 in the expansion of (3 + 4x + 2x2 )(1 + 21 x)10 . [3]

. . . + 45x3 + 45x3 + 10x3 + . . . [R1]

correct answer 100 [A1]

Page 3

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