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Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies


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European migration statistics


Version of record first published: 30 Jun 2010.

To cite this article: (1971): European migration statistics, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 1:1, 39-42

To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.1971.9975067

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European migration statistics

Comparable statistics for the different countries of immigration are difficult if not impos-
sible to establish. The tables below do, however, give some idea of the size of each
migration, its source and migration trends over the period 1960-9. Tables 1-3 are
published by courtesy of the Editor, I.C.M.C. Magazine, Migration News (Statistical
Supplement, Nov.-Dec. 1970, No. 77). Table 4 is similarly taken from the World Council
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of Churches twice-yearly journal, Migration Today (No. 14, Spring 1970).

Table 1. Numbers of Intra-European Migrant Workers


in Immigration Countries (late 1960s)

of whom
Total Portu- Yugo-
Italians Spanish guese Turks slavs Greeks
Germany (1969) 1,575,000 330,000 149,000 33,000 272,000 297,000 207,000
(21 %) (9%) (2%) )17%) (19%) (13%)
Belgium (1967) 181,555 68,159 25,678 2,108 7,266
(38%) (14%) 0%) (4%)
France (1968) 1,254,460 247,540 270,308 171,760 3,960 32,140
(20%) (21 %) (14%) (0-3%) (3%)
Netherlands (1969) 83,500 10,000 12,550 2,200 15-400 2,860 1,500
(12%) (15%) (3%) (18%) (3%) (2%)
Austria (1969) 63,487 762 162 8,420 47,845 266
0%) (0-4%) (13%) (75%) 0-6%))
Switzerland (1969) 659,229 399,000 96,000 20,809
(60%) (15%) (3%)
Sweden (1969) 191,952 4,757 2,648 1,792 15,969 6,000
(25%) 0-4%) (0-9%) (8-3%) (31%)
Luxembourg (1967) 30,100 11,100 1,100 1,800
(37%) (4%) (6%)
U.K. (1966) 1,543,000

TOTAL 5,582,283 1,071,318 557,446 210,868 308,838 416,623 214,766

N.B. Percentages under figures show proportion of each national group to total foreign population in the
country.

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Table 2. Proportion of Foreign Population in Ten Countries

Foreign Pop. %of Active % of total


Total total pop. foreign pop. active pop.
Fed. Germany (1969) 2,381,061 3-8 1,575,000 7-0
France (1970) 3,177,4041 6-3 1,254,460 6-27
(1968)
Belgium (1968) 678,797 7-0 181,555 5-0
0967)
Luxembourg (1967) 80,000 240 30,100 21-0
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Switzerland (1969) 971,795 15-8 817,527' 28-0


Netherlands (1969) 204,028 1-6 83,500 2-2
Sweden (1969) 364,808 4-6 191,952 50
United Kingdom (1966) 2,579,849s 4-7 1,543,000s 6-0
Austria (1969) n. a. 63,487 2-0
Denmark (1965) n. a. 31,900 1-4

*Of which 663,463 Algerians and Africans.


'Seasonal, frontier, yearly and permanent permits.
'Residents born outside U.K.

Table 3. Migration Trends in Europe


Net annual migration balance 1960-9

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 19691
Fed. Germany 336 419 283 237 302 343 132 177 279 572
France 140 180 860 175 145 70 85 52 100 150
Belgium 7 1 19 35 49 31 21 19 6 7
Netherlands 13 6 17 8 12 18 19 13 5 20
Switzerland 76 101 88 57 48 1 19 31 31 24
Sweden 8 13 9 10 21 33 25 8 18 44
Austria 6 5 7 2 2 2 8
Luxembourg 0-6 2-4 2- 8 1- 6 3- 1 1-8 0'7 0 ' 5 0'7 1-7
U.K. 67 124 71 28 22 -45 - 4 0 52 11 n.a.

Italy 93 141 51 164 80 13 109 125 130 130


Spain 138 133 120 127 159 86 49 71 53 n.a.
Greece 26 19 49 56 43 32 5 6 1 n.a.
Portugal 68 32 55 -49 -47 3 13 39 2 n.a.
Ireland 41 27 13 12 18 20 15 17 18 17

(Source: Statistics of Active Population 1970, O.E.C.D.).


Provisional figures.

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Table 4. Migrant Workers/Foreign Population Residing/In Western Europe 1968-69
(round figures)
Europe * Austria1* **Francel *Gennany ** Switzerland11 "Belgium' *Netherlands *Swedsnli *U.K. Total
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s
Greek 275 10,885 191,000 8,000 13,760 1,330" 5,940 4,100 235,395
Italian 860 632,080 349.0002 522,640 176,250 9,500" 5,325 21,200 1,717,425
Maltese 32,900s 32,900
Portuguese 367,425 30.0002 2,220 4,435 2,135" 680 4,500 411,395
Spanish 170 667,610 143,000* 87,725 47,745 11,405" 3,185 21,400 982,420
Yugoslav 48,105 43,340 265,000 16,100 3,415 2,800" 14,015 2,700' 392,850
Danish 19,000 19,000
Finnish 75,000 75,000
Norwegians 13,000 13,000
Middle East
Cypriot 59,800s 59,800
Turkish 8,060 7,160 244,000* 7,780 11,335 15,095" 1,785 1,800 295,455
Far East
Chinese 2,610 540 3,200'- 6.350
Hong Kong 17,000 17,000
Indian 1,105 2,890a 492,000 495,995
Korean 365 2,245a 3,610
Malaysian 16,000s 16,000
Pakistani 145 470 s 248,000s 248,615
Singapore 18,000 18,000
America
West Indian 722,000 722,000
Africa a
Algerian 562,000 1,560 3,460 155 567,175
Congolese 520 80s 3.17510 3,775
Ethiopian 190 90' 10 290
Ghanaian 350 10 360
Moroccan 119,520 6,005 20,980 14,885" 470 161,860
Nigerian 660s 660
South African 255 320 110 685
Sudanese 75 90 165
Togolese 1703 30 200
Tunisian 73,260 900 s 1,290 100" 135 75,685
Others 10,310 511,455 261,630 288,675 169,600 8,870 93,500 s -'
79,000- 1,499,340
76,300*
TOTAL 67,780 3,000,000 1,501,000a 933,140 455,605 66,120 138,690 1,913,400 8,575,735
Workers**Residing.
N.B. The column "others" includes groups and nationals many of whom not necessarily migrant workers. For references see p. 42.
1
Foreign population residing in France as of Dec. 31, 1968. Statistics of the Ministre de l'Intrieur,
Paris. (Hommes et MigrationsDocuments, E.S.N.A., Paris, No. 769, June 15, 1969).
In addition, the Office National d'Immigration (O.N.I.) reports that 129,858 seasonal workers were
employed in France in 1968 out of which: Spaniards: 119,301; Portuguese: 3,110; Italians: 2,408;
Moroccans: 2,079. (Hommes et MigrationsDocuments, E.S.N.A., Paris, No. 764, April 1, 1969).
2
Migrant workers in the Federal Republic as of Sept. 1969. (Amtliche Nachrichten, Bundesanstalt fr
Arbeit, Nrnberg, No. 12, Oct. 17, 1969).
3
Migrant workers in the Federal Republic as of June 1968. (Auslandische Arbeitnehmer, Beschftigung,
Anwerbung, VermittlungErfahrungsbericht 1968, Bundesanstalt fr Arbeitsvermittlung und Arbeits-
losenversicherung, Nrnberg).
4
Official table of aliens registered with the police on Dec. 21, 1968; after 4 years of residence aliens are
normally exempt from further registration.
5
1966, 10 per cent sample censusrecord of birthplace. (Annual Report, Race Relations Board, London,
1967-68).
6
Non-Commonwealth.
7
Commonwealth.
8
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Estimates for mid-1968 of resident coloured immigrants; including children born in the U.K. (Colour and
Citizenship, Institute of Race Relations, London, 1969, Table 30.2).
9
Foreign population residing in Belgium as of Jan. 1, 1969, except for children under 12, estimated at
150,000, refugees and stateless people. (Ministre de la Justice, Administration de la Sret Publique,
Brussels, Doc. 888/F).
10
Kinshasa.
11
Migrant workers as of Oct. 15, 1969; only migrants who have lived in the Netherlands for less than
5 years. Since March 1969, migrants are granted permanent work-permits after 5 years' residence and
are no longer included in the migrants table; the permanent work-permits registered by the Ministry
mentioned hereafter totalled, as of Oct. 15, 1969, 3,330, including: 169 Greeks; 40 Portugese, 1,140
Spaniards; 60 Yugoslavs; 306 Turks; 116 Moroccans; 4 Tunisians. (Ministerie van Soziale Zaken en
Volksgezondheid, Directie voor algemene beleids aangelegenheden, The Hague).
12
Italian migrant workers in 1969. (Estimates of the Italian Embassy, The Hague).
13
Foreign population residing in Switzerland by end of Dec. 1968, not including seasonal workers (144,081
at the end of Aug. 1968 and 14,233 at the end of Dec. 1968) and frontier-workers (63, 062); total foreigners
at work (whether subjected to control (1-year permits) or exempt from control): 586,350. (Annual
statistics of the Police Fdrale des Etrangers, Berne; statistics Feb. & Aug, 1968 of the Office Fdral de
l'Industrie, des Arts et Metiers et du Travail, Berne).
14
15
Including:Germans114,660; French47,235; Austrians41,910.
Migrant workers in 1968. Statistics of the Statens Utlnnings-Kommissier, Stockholm & Arbets-
marknadsstyrelsen, Stockholm. (Migration Facts and Figures, I.C.M.C. , Geneva, No. 3, 1969).
16
Migrant workers as of Aug. 1969. (Migration News, I.C.M.C, Geneva, No. 2, 1970).

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