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WORK

WORK

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51 Multiplication

Division

Work and Power Decimals

Scientific Notation

Use the equations for work and power.

Part 1: An Equation for Work

As you sit and read this worksheet, are you doing work? You might say, Yes, of course.

But are you doing work in the scientific sense? Scientists use the word work to describe a

very specific concept. In physics, work is a force applied over a distance.

WFd

The SI unit for work is the newton-meter (N m), also known as a joule ( J). You can

calculate the amount of work accomplished with the equation above. Lets see how its

done!

SAMPLE PROBLEM: How much work is done on a 16 N sack of potatoes when

you lift the sack 1.5 m?

W 16 N 1.5 m

W 24 J

Work It Out!

Based on what you know about work, answer the following questions. Be sure to show

your work.

1. A deflated hot-air balloon weighs a total of 8000 N. Filled with hot air, the balloon

rises to a height of 1000 m. How much work is accomplished by the hot air?

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

2. A rope is thrown over a beam, and one end is tied to a 300 N bundle of lumber. You

pull the free end of the rope 2 m with a force of 400 N to lift the lumber off the

ground. How much work have you done?

3. A 150 N boy rides a 60 N bicycle a total of 200 m at a constant speed. The frictional

force against the forward motion of the bicycle equals 35 N. How much work does

the boy do? Explain your answer. (Hint: Remember that work is only done when the

motion is in the same direction that the force is applied.)

MATHIN

Menu Print Lesson

Name Date Class

Work is closely related to the concept of power. Power is a measure of how much work

is done in a certain time. The faster work is done, the more power is produced.

work

EQUATION: power

time

W

P

t

The unit for power is the watt (W). One watt (W) is equal to 1 J of work done for 1 sec-

ond. Use the data given in the diagram below to determine how much work and power

are involved in each step. Remember to show your work.

Force necessary to stairs in 3 seconds.

Height of

lift painting = 60 N

ladder = 2 m

Work

Power

Height of

stairs = 3 m

Step 2: The girl lifts a painting to a Step 3: The girl climbs the ladder with

height of 0.5 m in 0.75 seconds. the painting in 5 seconds.

Work Work

Power Power

Challenge Yourself!

4. A crane lifts a load of steel that weighs 9.3 105 N a distance of 100 m. It takes 5

minutes to complete the task.

a. How much work is done by the crane?

Menu Print Lesson

Name Date Class

51 Multiplication

Division

Work and Power Decimals

Scientific Notation

Use the equations for work and power.

Part 1: An Equation for Work

As you sit and read this worksheet, are you doing work? You might say, Yes, of course.

But are you doing work in the scientific sense? Scientists use the word work to describe a

very specific concept. In physics, work is a force applied over a distance.

WFd

The SI unit for work is the newton-meter (N m), also known as a joule ( J). You can

calculate the amount of work accomplished with the equation above. Lets see how its

done!

SAMPLE PROBLEM: How much work is done on a 16 N sack of potatoes when

you lift the sack 1.5 m?

W 16 N 1.5 m

W 24 J

Work It Out!

Based on what you know about work, answer the following questions. Be sure to show

your work.

1. A deflated hot-air balloon weighs a total of 8000 N. Filled with hot air, the balloon

rises to a height of 1000 m. How much work is accomplished by the hot air?

8000 N 1000 m 8,000,000 J

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

2. A rope is thrown over a beam, and one end is tied to a 300 N bundle of lumber. You

pull the free end of the rope 2 m with a force of 400 N to lift the lumber off the

ground. How much work have you done?

400 N 2 m 800 J

3. A 150 N boy rides a 60 N bicycle a total of 200 m at a constant speed. The frictional

force against the forward motion of the bicycle equals 35 N. How much work does

the boy do? Explain your answer. (Hint: Remember that work is only done when the

motion is in the same direction that the force is applied.)

35 N 200 m 7000 J; The weights of the boy and the bicycle are not used to calculate the work

MATHIN

done because the direction of their forces (downward) is different than the direction of the motion

(forward).

Menu Print Lesson

Name Date Class

Work is closely related to the concept of power. Power is a measure of how much work

is done in a certain time. The faster work is done, the more power is produced.

work

EQUATION: power

time

W

P

t

The unit for power is the watt (W). One watt (W) is equal to 1 J of work done for 1 sec-

ond. Use the data given in the diagram below to determine how much work and power

are involved in each step. Remember to show your work.

Force necessary to stairs in 3 seconds.

Height of

lift painting = 60 N

ladder = 2 m

Work 50 N 3 m 150 J

Power 150 J 3 s 50 W

Height of

stairs = 3 m

Step 2: The girl lifts a painting to a Step 3: The girl climbs the ladder with

height of 0.5 m in 0.75 seconds. the painting in 5 seconds.

110 N 2 m 220 J

Challenge Yourself!

4. A crane lifts a load of steel that weighs 9.3 105 N a distance of 100 m. It takes 5

minutes to complete the task.

a. How much work is done by the crane?

(9.3 105 N) 100 m 9.3 107 J, or 93,000,000 J

(9.3 107 J) 300 seconds 3.1 105 W, or 310,000 W

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