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Name __________________________________________

A large-scale map shows: A) a small area B) a large area C) there is no relationship between the scale on a
map and the size of the area shown D) an unbalanced area E) the entire world

The ratio of distance on a map to actual ground distance is known as: A) the map legend B) the map scale C)
the map revolution D) the cartographic rule E) a functional region

Which of the following statements concerning map scale is false? A) The fractional scale 1:1,000,000 means
one inch on the map represents one million inches on the ground. B) If the linear scale of a map is twice
another, its aerial representation is four times larger. C) To represent a large area on a small map, a small scale
is used. D) Larger-scale maps allow for greater detail in depicting regions and subregions. E) A map with the
fractional scale 1:103,000,000 has a larger scale than one of 1:1,000,000.

A classification system is known as a: A) dichotomy B) taxonomy C) hierarchy D) phylum

The area that surrounds and is served by a city is known as its: A) periphery B) formal region C) hinterland
D) core E) relative location

In regional geography, relative location: A) is more meaningful and practical than absolute location B) refers
to the latitude of a place C) refers to the longitudinal position of a point on the Earth's surface D) a and b
above E) all of the above

A functional region: A) is defined on the basis of some variable, such as the area where corn is grown
B) is exemplified by a city and its hinterland C) is also known as a formal region D) has a transition zone at
its center E) is the same as a homogeneous region

Which of the following statements is incorrect? A) Regions marked by internal homogeneity are classified as
formal regions. B) Regions conceptualized as spatial systems are collectively identified as functional
regions. C) A country likely constitutes a formal political region because within its boundaries certain
conditions of nationality, law, and political tradition prevail. D) Functional regions are generally more static
and immobile than formal regions. E) Functional regions have a core and a periphery.

All regions possess all of the following except: A) location B) area C) homogeneity D) boundaries E)
regions possess all of the above

Wegener's supercontinent is known as: A) Tectonica B) Atlantis C) Eurasia D) Pangaea E) Wegneria

The process by which a tectonic plate consisting of less heavy rock rides up over a heavier plate is known as:
A) subduction B) tectonic uplifting C) volcanism D) continental drifting E) physiographic collision

Which water body is surrounded by a geologically-active Ring of Fire: A) the Great Lakes B) Arctic Ocean
C) Atlantic Ocean D) Pacific Ocean E) the Gulf of Mexico

Which of the following statements is true? A) Desertification occurs only on the Eurasian landmass.
B) Deserts are mainly found on the eastern sides of the continents. C) Rainfall is least dependable in the drier
portions of the world. D) Wegener derived the theory of climatic regions. E) C climates exist in the northern
hemisphere only

Which of the following statements about the A climates is incorrect? A) They are referred to as humid
equatorial climates. B) They are characterized by heavy precipitation and high year-round temperatures.
C) In the Af climate, precipitation rates increase suddenly due to the arrival of the monsoons.
D) The Aw subtype is identified as savanna. E) They include monsoon climates.
Savanna environments belong to the general climate type known as: A) dry B) humid cold C) mid temperate
D)mid equatorial E)polar

The Mediterranean climate is classified under which of the following Kppen-Geiger letters?
A) B B) H C) Med D) C E) A

Which of the following statements about B climates is incorrect? A) B climates only occur in the low latitudes.
B) B climates may be divided into BW (true desert) and BS (semiarid steppe) subtypes. C) A
pervasive characteristic of the worlds dry areas is a large daily temperature range. D) An example of an area
exhibiting the BW climate type is the central Sahara. E) B climates occur in Australia.

Which of the following statements about D climates is incorrect? A) They are sometimes referred to as snow
climates. B) They are most frequently found within the interior of large landmasses. C) D climates are more
common in the Southern Hemisphere than the Northern Hemisphere. D) Some highly productive soils are
found in areas with D climates. E) Parts of the northeastern United States possess a D climate.

Which of the following major rivers is not associated with one of the worlds great population clusters?
A) Mississippi B) Huang He (Yellow) C) Rhine D) Ganges E) Chang Jiang (Yangzi)

The large cluster of population in the northeastern United States is known as: A) the urban heartland
B) Megalopolis C) the world-region D) the global core E) Greater New York

Which country is not located within one of the world's three largest population clusters: A) Japan
B) the United States C) Pakistan D) France E) China

A bridge language of national politics, commerce, and trade is known as a(n): A) Extinct language.
B) Lingua franca. C) Indo-European dialect. D) Regional speech disparity. E) Language family.

Which statement below best characterizes the concept of culture? A) A civilized pattern of behavior,
dominated by appreciation of serious music and good food. B) Learned patterns of thought and behavior
characteristic of a population or society. C) An expression of the artistic qualities in a nation, such as painting
and other fine arts. D) It plays no role in shaping the human landscape. E) It is strongly shaped by the natural

States first began to develop: A) In areas where cities could begin to command their hinterlands B) In open
areas between empires C) In prehistoric East Africa D) After the colonial era ended in the 1950's E) In areas
where boundaries had already been drawn by royal decree

The World Bank ranks countries within four groups. Which of the following is not one of those groups?
A) High-income countries B) Upper-middle income countries C) Lower-middle income countries
D) Middle-income countries E) Low-income countries

The core areas of the world: A) Include areas located only in the Northern Hemisphere B) Include areas
located only in Europe and North America C) Are constituted by countries that do not contain areas of
underdevelopment D) Include most of the countries of East Asia E) Constitute the area where the richer
countries are clustered

Which of the following is not an example of globalization? A) McDonalds opening in France B) NAFTA
C) The expanding use of English D) Japanese cars being made in Thailand E) Tariffs imposed on automobiles

True / False Transition zones mark the places where geographic realms meet.

True / False A region marked by homogeneity is known as a functional region.

True / False A region need not possess the geographic property of location.

True / False A region organized around a central urban core is known as a functional region.

True / False Map scale is the ratio of the distance between two places on a map and the actual distance between
those two places on the Earths surface.

True / False A small-scale map shows a large area.

True / False Wladimir Koppen developed the hypothesis of continental drift.

True / False Deserts are mainly found on the eastern sides of the continents.

True / False In the Kppen-Geiger scheme, the world's drier climates are largely grouped under the letter A.
Highland (H) climates closely resemble the cold polar (E) climates.

True / False Megalopolis is a multi-metropolitan agglomeration in the northeastern United States.

True / False The worlds population is now more than 3.8 billion in total size, and is expected to surpass 4
billion by the year 2010.

True / False Southeast Asia does not rank among the worlds four largest population clusters.

True / False The three largest population clusters in the world today all lie on a single landmass: Eurasia.

True / False More than 60 percent of the worlds population now resides in urban areas.

True / False Culture is totally genetically predetermined; it is completely instinctive.

True / False A cultural landscape consists of a composite of human imprints on the surface of the Earth.

True / False The gap between advantaged and disadvantaged states in the world is growing.

True / False Economic globalization is guided by the World Trade Organization.


The ___________ region, also known as a spatial system, is marked not by an internal sameness, but by its
dynamic internal structuring.

Uniform cultural regions characterized by internal homogeneity are classified as _____ regions.

Desert and steppe climates belong to the Kppen-Geiger climate type identified by the letter ______.

The second biggest country in population size is ___.

The art and science of making and interpreting maps is called _________.
Multiple Choice

Europes relative location: A) has proven inefficient for international trade B) is one of inferior global
accessibility C) is disadvantaged by its proximity to the sea D) is one of centrality within the land hemisphere
E) is disadvantaged by its closeness to Australia

The North European Lowland: A) contains the mountain ranges of the Alps B) is the most densely populated
of Europes landscape regions C) does not include southeastern England D) has historically functioned as a
barrier to contact and communication due to its marshy conditions E) contains the plains of Greece

The geographic principle under which particular peoples and particular places concentrate on the production of
particular goods is known as: A) complementarity B) Balkanization C) supranationalism D) irredentism
E) local functional specialization

Von Thnen in his Isolated State argued that five rings of human activity would develop around the central
town or city. The first (or nearest) of these is: A) a belt of forest, still used for timber and firewood
B) a broad zone of increasingly extensive field crops C) a zone of manufacturing D) a zone of intensive
farming and dairying E) a belt in which ranching prevails and animal products are generated

The Industrial Revolution in Europe: A) produced the first specialized industries anywhere in the realm
B) triggered a large immigration of workers from other parts of the world to fill the available jobs in the
factories C) initially was focused in England, where machinery was invented and the use of steam to power
engines emerged D) gave enormous situational advantage to large cities such as London and Paris, both
positioned on coal fields and near iron ores E) confirmed the superior quality of European products, which
were already beating inferior textiles and other wares from India and China before the Industrial Revolution
even began

Which of the following is the strongest example of a European nation-state?

A) Bosnia B) Northern Ireland C) Poland D) Belgium E) Ukraine

__________ forces are divisive to a nation.

A) situational B) centripetal C) centrifugal D) charismatic E) disparitic

The three principles of spatial interaction are: A) complementarity, intervening opportunity, infrastructurality
B) complementarity, intervening opportunity, irredentism C) complementarity, intervening opportunity,
transferability D) centripetal forces, intervening opportunity, devolution E) none of the above

A country's leading urban center that is disproportionately large and exceptionally expressive of national
feelings, such as Paris is to France, is known as the countrys: A) core city B) primate city C) entrepot
D) functional region E) conurbation

Which of the following is not an example of European supranationalism? A) Benelux B) the Euro currency
C) the European Union D) the European Parliament E) Ukraine's Orange Revolution

Only the southern portion of which of the following islands was recently granted admission to the EU?
A) Ireland B) Malta C) Turkey D) Sicily E) Cyprus

_______ dominates Western Europe demographically and economically. A) France B) Italy C) the United
Kingdom D) Germany E) the United States

The Ruhr industrial complex is linked via the Rhine River to the port of:
A) London B) Genoa C) St. Petersburg D) Rotterdam E) Rhinestad

Most foreign workers in Germany are of _________origin.

A) Turkish B) Israeli C) British D) Russian E) Austrian

German reunification: A) occurred in 1990 B) has resulted in economic equalization between former East and
West Germany C) has led to a country with 8 Autonomous Communities D) took place immediately after the
end of World War II E) is still only partially completed

The only European country with coastlines on the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, and the North Sea is:
A) Portugal B) Germany C) Spain D) France E) Italy

Which of the following statements is true? A) Paris initially benefited from an excellent site. B) Paris
initially benefited from an excellent situation. C) The site of Paris is far inferior to that of any other French
city. D) Situation refers to the local physical attributes of a place. E) Both A and B are true

The administrative headquarters of the European Union is located in:

A) Geneva B) Paris C) Brussels D) Strasbourg E) Luxembourg

The Western European state that is not a member of the European Union is: A) Austria B) Luxembourg
C) the Netherlands D) Switzerland E) Belgium

Significant oil and natural gas supplies have been found beneath the: A) Baltic Sea B) Gulf of Finland
C) North Sea D) Adriatic Sea E) English Channel

The population of Northern Ireland: A) is overwhelmingly Catholic B) is made up of refugees from Wales
C) is dominated by Protestants D) is not part of the United Kingdom E) produced the Celtic Tiger phenomenon

The Northern European country that has benefited the most from North Sea oil is: A) Denmark B) Norway
C) Iceland D) Finland E) Sweden

Which Nordic European city serves as a break of bulk, or entrept, city? A) Stockholm B) Copenhagen
C) Oslo D) Reykjavik E) Helsinki

The Iberian Peninsula is isolated from the rest of Europe by which mountain range? A) Appennines B) Alps
C) Pyrenees D) Pennines E) Carpathians

The Mediterranean European country with the lowest percentage of urban residents is: A) Spain B) Portugal
C) France D) Italy E) Greece

Which of the following cities is located in Italys and Europes core area? A) Milan B) Rome C) Barcelona
D) Naples E) Geneva

The Autonomous Community located in northeastern Spain just south of the Pyrenees Mountains that is
centered on industrialized Barcelona is known as: A) Portugal B) Andalusia C) Catalonia D) Gibraltar
E) Basque Country

The capital and primate city of Greece is: A) Sparta B) Malta C) Athens D) Cyprus E) Atlantis

The term Balkanization refers to: A) a peculiar language spoken in Bulgaria B) the landmass located just to
the west of the Adriatic Sea C) Serbian supranationalism D) the division and fragmentation of the southern
portion of Eastern Europe E) the imposition of the Slavic religion
The Danube River empties into which sea? A) Adriatic B) Mediterranean C) Aegean D) Black E) Baltic

From the end of World War II until 1990, Eastern Europe was dominated by the: A) Ottoman Turks
B) Hapsburg Empire C) European Community D) Soviet Union E) United States

The Russian exclave located between Lithuania and Poland is called:

A) Kaliningrad B) Leningrad C) Latvia D) Estonia E) the Baltic Corridor

The largest ethnic minority in Ukraine are the: A) Bulgarians B) Moldovans C) Crimeans D) Russians
E) Yugoslavs

Which of the following is not a state created by the breakup of former Yugoslavia? A) Bosnia B) Macedonia
C) Croatia D) Slovakia E) Slovenia


True / False Of the four landscape regions in Europe, the Central Uplands contain the majority of the realm's
productive coalfields.

True / False During the Dark Ages, the Ottoman Turks established an Islamic Empire that included all of
Europe south of the Baltic and North Seas.

True / False Transferability is a spatial interaction concept related to the costs of overcoming the distance
between two places.

True / False The Law of the Primate City holds that a countrys leading city is disproportionately large and
exceptionally expressive of national capacity and feeling.

True / False Modern supranationalism in Europe began with the creation of Benelux in 1944.

True / False Because of internal bickering, the European Union in 2008 contained fewer member-states than it
did when founded in 1957.

True / False The United Kingdom, a charter member of the European Common Market, quit that organization
in disagreement in 1973.

True / False To a considerable degree, Belgium and the Netherlands are in a position of economic

True / False The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

True / False Due largely to its peripheral location, Nordic Europe remains underdeveloped.

True / False The three largest Nordic countries all have their major concentrations of population in the southern
part of their national territory.

True / False An entrept, such as Copenhagen, is a place where goods are collected, stored, and transshipped.
The balkanization of a region implies its political unification.

True / False Albania was part of former Yugoslavia.

True / False The Isolated State model of commercial agricultural spatial organization was devised by the

Using the Population Reference Bureau datasheet, show your calculations for the GNI of the following
countries; Germany, France, Austria, Ireland, and Belgium on the bottom of this page.

What is the relative position of the Czech Republic?

GNI for Germany

GNI for France

GNI for Austria

GNI for Ireland

GNI for Belgium