You are on page 1of 5

SCHOOL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

Steel Structure

Homework

Professors Name : Meng Wang


Students Name : Heng Piseth
Students ID : 14129188

2014-2015
Civil Engineering School

(1) Try to design the butt weld (third grade) splicing under axial tension load. The
dimension of steel plate is 500 14 . Q235B steel is used. E43 welding electrode is
used with manual welding and without run-on/off tab. The design tension force is
N 1400kN . Whether straight weld satisfies the loading condition?

Answer:
The butt weld of E43 welding electrode with third grade which splices under axial
tension load and we use Q235B with thickness 14mm. According to Code GB 50017-2003, we
get the weld strength f t w 185MPa .

Welding without Run-on/off tab, we get the length of weld: lw l 2t 500 2 14 472mm .
Therefore, the ultimate tensile load-carrying capacity of the welding is:
N R lwtf t w 472 14 185 1222480 N 1222.48kN N 1400kN Unsatisfied!!

So, we need to do inclined welding with the incline angle

1
Civil Engineering School

Suppose the incline angle, 40o


We get the normal force and the tangential force along the weld are:
N N sin 1400 sin 40o 899.9kN
N N cos 1400 cos 40o 1072.46kN
l 500
The length of the welding: lw 2t 2 14 749.86mm
sin sin 40o
N
(a) Shear check: 1 f vw
lwt

Where f vw 125MPa

N 1072.46 103
1 102.16 MPa f vw 125MPa Satisfied
l wt 749.86 14
N
(b) Tensile strength: 1 ft w
lwt

Where f t w 185MPa

N 899.9 103
1 85.72 MPa f t w 185MPa Satisfied
lwt 749.86 14

(c) Calculate the equivalent stress: eq 12 3 12 1.1 f t w

eq 12 3 12 85.722 3 102.162 196.61MPa 1.1 f t w 203.5MPa Satisfied

(2) Try to design the fillet weld splicing under tension load. The dimension of steel plate
is 500 300 14 . Q345B steel is used. E50 welding electrode is used. The design
tension force is N 1300kN , 30o .
(a) Pay attention to the welding symbol
(b) Check requirements of structural details.

2
Civil Engineering School

Answer:
The fillet weld of E50 welding electrode and we use Q345B. According to Code GB
50017-2003, we get the weld strength f fw 200 MPa .

Suppose the welding leg size: h f 10mm

The length of welding: lw 2 lw1 2 l 2h f 2 500 2 10 960mm

N
The requirement of design: f fw
0.7h f lw

N 1300kN
hf 9.673mm
0.7lw f fw
0.7 0.96m 200 MPa

Then, we get the design of the fillet welding which is double-side weld with the welding
leg size h f 9.673mm and the length of welding lw 2lw1 2 l 2h f 961.3mm .

Verification:
1) The minimum size of fillet weld size: 1.5 tmax 1.5 t 1.5 14 5.61mm

The maximum size of fillet weld size: 1.2tmin 1.2t 1.2 14 16.8mm

Then, 1.5 tmax h f 9.673mm 1.2tmin satisfied

3
Civil Engineering School

2) The minimum calculation welding length:


lw,min max 40mm,8h f max 40mm,77.384 77.384mm

The maximum calculation welding length: lw,max 60h f 580.38mm

The length of welding: lw1 l 2h f 480.65mm

Then, lw,min lw1 480.65mm lw,max satisfied

3) The force N is decomposed into vertical and parallel components to weld:


N N sin 1300 sin 30o 650kN

The equivalent shear stress under the vertical component: 1 for dynamic loads
f N 650
99.86 MPa
f 0.7h f lw 0.7 9.673 961.3 1 103

N N cos 1300 cos 30o 1125.83kN

N 1125.83
f 172.96 MPa
0.7h f lw 0.7 9.673 961.3 103
2
f
f 99.86 172.96 199.72 MPa f f 200 MPa satisfied
2 2 2 w
Then,
f
Thus, the design of this fillet welding should be qualified as following:
1. Full double-side weld with the length of welding lw 961.3mm

2. The welding leg size 9.673mm h f 16.8mm