You are on page 1of 67

1

CDM512D/CDM514D

Full-
Full-hhydraulic Dual-drive Vibrating Road Roller

Operating and Maintenance


Instructions
LONKING Holdings Limited is a professional manufacturer specializing in the production of various kinds of
engineering machinery. With powerful capacity, advanced technology and abundant experiencewe take
Building the future with full heart and soul as our core concept; meanwhile, our strict quality management
system, high standard and highly efficient service will guarantee the outstanding operating efficiency of
your machine.

This manual includes:

Operating instructions

Repair and maintenance instructions

Fault elimination guide

Notice:

Please read the Instructions carefully before operating and using this machine; while the Instructions
should be kept on the site for application and repair work, for immediate reference if necessary/. All
operations shall be carried out in accordance with the regulations defined in the instructions.

This manual will be used to:

Help you know more about this machine.

Prevent any failures due to improper operations.

Improve the reliability of your machine.

Extend the service life of your machine.

Reduce repair cost and idle hours.

Please ensure that this manual is accessible. With full understanding of the contents of the Instructions,
you shall be capable of operating this machine.

We shall not be responsible for the problems concerning application safety of this machine in the following
cases:

Actual operation does not conform to normal operation method;


Improper maintenance due to not conforming to the Instructions and using wrong fuel and lubricant.

The machine is being used for purposes other than those defined in the Instructions;

Such claims lodged for machine faults resulting from the above reasons shall be deemed unreasonable.

Users of this machine must comply with all regulations related to safety and responsibility.

Any modification to the contents contained in the Instructions shall be updated at the next republication
without any prior notice.

LONKING Holdings Limited all rights reserved. No printing shall be done without any prior permission.

All valuable suggestions and opinions for errors, omissions in or the improvement of the Instructions are
welcome.

Please send your letter to the following address:

26 Minyi Road, Xinqiao, Songjiang Industrial Zone, Shanghai

Post code: 201612

1
CONTENTS

TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
PARAMETERS....................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................... 1

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE MACHINE


MACHINE...........................................................................................
........................................................................................... 5

1.1 GENERAL..........................................................................................................................................................6
1.2 FRAME.............................................................................................................................................................. 6
1.3 POWER AND DRIVING SYSTEM......................................................................................................................... 6
1.4 DIESEL ENGINE.................................................................................................................................................7
1.5 HYDRAULIC TRAVEL SYSTEM............................................................................................................................ 8
1.6 HYDRAULIC VIBRATION SYSTEM....................................................................................................................... 8
1.7 HYDRAULIC STEERING SYSTEM........................................................................................................................ 8
1.8 CONSOLE AND CAB......................................................................................................................................... 8
1.9 ELECTRIC SYSTEM........................................................................................................................................... 9
1.10 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM............................................................................................................................9

2. INSTRUMENTS AND OPERATIONS


OPERATIONS...........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................... 10
...........................................................................................................10

2.1 CONSOLE..................................................................................................................................................... 10
2.2 OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS.......................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.1 Seat..................................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.2 Horn button......................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.3 Steering wheel................................................................................................................................... 11
2.2.4 Combined instrument desk.............................................................................................................. 12
2.2.5 Vehicle-carrying MP3 player............................................................................................................ 12
2.2.6 Vibration switch button...................................................................................................................... 13
2.2.7 Switch of head light........................................................................................................................... 13
2.2.8 Switch of the rear light.......................................................................................................................13
2.2.9 Parking brake switch......................................................................................................................... 13
2.2.10 Electronic tachometer....................................................................................................................... 13
2.2.11 Gear regulating switch...................................................................................................................... 14
2.2.12 Accelerator control handle................................................................................................................14
2.2.13 Reversible control handle................................................................................................................. 15
2.3 COMBINED INSTRUMENT DESK.................................................................................................................... 16

3. OPERATION OF ROAD ROLLER


ROLLER................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................ 19
................................................................................................................19

3.1 CHECK BEFORE STARTING................................................................................................................................19


3.1.1 Check the oil level in engine............................................................................................................ 19
3.1.2 Open the dust discharge valve of air cleaner to discharge dusts...............................................19
3.1.3 Screw off the valve plug of the first grade fuel filter (fuel and water separator) loose, to drain
water. ............................................................................................................................................................20
3.1.4 Please ensure that the hydraulic oil level is not less than 1/2 of measuring range of dipstick,

3
otherwise, fill hydraulic oil accordingly.......................................................................................................... 20
3.1.5 Check the fuel level........................................................................................................................... 20
3.1.6 liquid level in the auxiliary cooling water box.................................................................................21
3.2 STARTING THE DIESEL ENGINE...................................................................................................................... 21
3.2.1 Ensure the traveling handle is at the neutral position (position O).............................................21
3.2.2 Ensure that the vibration switch (6) is located in the neutral 0 position.................................. 22
3.2.3 Ensure the braking switch (9) is OFF............................................................................................. 22
3.2.4 Accelerator handle............................................................................................................................ 22
3.2.5 Indicator lamp.................................................................................................................................... 22
3.2.6 initiate the diesel engine................................................................................................................... 23
3.2.7 After switching on the engine........................................................................................................... 23
3.2.8 load after the pressure...................................................................................................................... 23
3.3 DRIVING ROAD ROLLER..................................................................................................................................24
3.3.1 in middle speed position........................................................................................................................24
3.4 TURNING OF ROAD ROLLER......................................................................................................................... 26
3.4.1 Switch ON the left turn light.................................................................................................................. 26
Switch ON the left turn light (2) or................................................................................................................. 26
3.4.2 When the traveling speed of road roller is in high gear (gear II), the traveling handle shall be
controlled to reduce the running speed of road roller................................................................................. 26
3.4.3 Turn the steering wheel clockwise (counterclockwise) to turn the road roller...........................26
3.5 VIBRATION...................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.5.1 Ensure that the road roller stays at a working speed (1 speed)................................................. 27
3.5.2 Be sure to fully pull the accelerator handle backwards (full load).............................................. 27
3.5.3 Regulate the traveling handle to allow the running speed of road roller complying with the
construction requirements.............................................................................................................................. 28
3.6 PARKING.......................................................................................................................................................29
3.6.1 Switch off the vibration switch before stopping,..............................................................................29
3.6.2 Place the traveling control handle in the neutral position to gradually stop the road roller...... 29
3.7 TRANSPORTATION OF THE ROAD ROLLER................................................................................................... 30

4. CARE AND MAINTENANCE


MAINTENANCE.........................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................... 34
.........................................................................................................................34

4.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION................................................................................................................................. 34


4.2 DESCRIPTION OF THE NEW MACHINE COMMISSIONING............................................................................35
4.3 FUEL, LUBRICATION OIL, HYDRAULIC OIL AND COOLING FLUID.................................................................35
4.3.1 Engine................................................................................................................................................. 35
4.3.2 Hydraulic oil........................................................................................................................................ 35
4.3.3 Lubricant of driving system...............................................................................................................36
4.3.4 Lubricating grease............................................................................................................................. 36
4.3.5 Volume of liquid..................................................................................................................................37
4.4 INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAINTENANCE................................................................................................................ 38
4.4.1 Inspect the liquid level of the hydraulic oil tank............................................................................. 39
4.4.2 Inspect fuel volume of the fuel tank................................................................................................ 39
4.4.3 Inspect the liquid level of the auxiliary cooling water tank........................................................... 40
4.4.4 Inspect the hydraulic working brake................................................................................................40
4.4.5 Inspect the inflation pressure of tire................................................................................................ 41
4.4.6 Add lubricating grease in the articulated frame and steering oil cylinder.................................. 41
4.4.7 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the vibratory bearing............................................................... 41
4.4.8 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the driving axle.........................................................................42
4.4.9 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the wheel reducer of the driving axle....................................43
4.4.10 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the planetary reducer of the front wheel.............................. 43
4.4.11 Inspect each rubber shock absorber of the front wheel............................................................... 44
4.4.12 Adjust the mud scraping boards of the front wheel...................................................................... 44
4.4.13 Inspect the battery............................................................................................................................. 44
4.4.15 Changing hydraulic oil, and cleaning hydraulic oil tank ventilation filter....................................47
4.4.16 Replacing the lubricating oil of the wheel planetary reducer of the driving axle.......................49
4.4.17 Replacing the lubricating oil of the planetary reducer of the front wheel...................................49
4.4.18 Replacing coolant of the engine and clean the water tank.......................................................... 50
4.4.19 Cleaning the machine....................................................................................................................... 50

5. FAULT ELIMINATION INSTRUCTIONS


INSTRUCTIONS......................................................................................................
...................................................................................................... 51

5.1 COMMON FAULTS AND ELIMINATION METHODS OF DRIVE AXLE....................................................................51


5.2 COMMON FAULTS AND ELIMINATION METHODS OF HYDRAULIC VIBRATION SYSTEM.................................... 52
5.3 COMMON FAULTS AND ELIMINATION METHODS OF HYDRAULIC STEERING SYSTEM......................................54

APPENDIX ................................................................................................................................................................. 55
APPENDIX.................................................................................................................................................................
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Technical Parameters

Outline dimension A B H K L W
(mm) 3135 2280 3037 422 5978 2120
Model CDM512D CDM514D
Working mass kg 12000 14000
Front wheel distribution mass kg 6500 7500
Rear wheel distribution mass kg 5500 6500
Dead line load N/cm 303 373
Minimum turning radius mm 6500 6500
Traveling speed I km/h 0 4.0 0 4.0
II km/h 0 5.8 0 5.8
III km/h 0 7.3 0 7.3
IV km/h 0 10.8 0 10.8
Grade capability % 40 40
Steering angle 30 30
Vibration frequency Hz 30/36 30/36
Nominal amplitude mm 1.8 /0.9 1.8 /0.9
Exciting-vibration force KN 270/180 290/200
Model of diesel engine 6BTA5.9 6BTA5.9
Rated power kW 110 110
Rated speed of rotation r/min 2200 2200
Fuel tank capacity L 280 280
Electrical apparatus voltage V 24 24
Parking brake Oil-break brake Oil-break brake
Running brake Hydraulic Hydraulic
Driving type Front+ rear Front+ rear

1
USER MANUAL

Safety Regulations

General

Please be familiar with each part of the road roller.

Understand all operating systems of the road roller and master its performance before driving it.

Please wear safety helmets, safety shoes, gloves and ear plugs and other protective equipment as
well as the seatbelt, when necessary.

Please be familiar with the work site.

Use the road roller on the specified road surface.

Notice
When the engine is running, standing at the hinge location of the road roller is prohibited.

Before starting up

Before starting up, please refer to the operating instructions.

Check each part of the machine for any faults

If any faults occur on any parts such as alarm light or control unit, the machine cannot be used.

All protective devices must be reliable.

Do not carry any objects that may be harmful to the road roller.

Prevent the road roller from any oily and combustible substances.

Before starting up, please make sure there is no personnel or obstruction near and below the
machine. .

Before starting up , please be cautious to use the pedal and handrail.

Please ensure that no one is in the dangerous zone in between start up and breaks.

Starting up

At the time of starting up, all operating handles must be in the neutral position.

The driver can only start up the engine at the drivers seat.

After starting up, check all instruments and warning signals to ensure the normal operations.

When the engine is running, it is not permitted to leave the road roller at discretion.

When using grounding wire to generate power for start up, please connect the positive wire to the
positive terminal and the negative wire to the negative terminal. When conducting connections, the
grounding wire (the negative) should be connected later and upon disconnection, it should be
disconnected first.

2
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Notice
The exhaust gas is harmful to the human body. When starting up the engine indoors, please ensure
there is sufficient fresh air.

Operation

Ensure that the speed of the road roller is in line with the work conditions.

On the slope ground, please be extra careful the road roller along a straight line (skew shall not be
permitted) up and down the slope, and to drive it at the lowest speed when it is close to the slope.

In reverse running, make sure there are no people and obstruction on the road surface.

When the road roller is running, do not attempt to climb onto it.

Before taking off the road roller, please lock the doors and windows and fix loose objects.

Do not use the road roller to transport personnel.

If any unusual sound or smoke is noticed, please check the reason for troubleshooting.

When the road roller is running on the high density materials such as asphalt and cement, it is
prohibited to start vibrations.

Parking

Before leaving stepping out of the road roller, put the control lever at the neutral position, pull up the
stop braking and turn off the engine.

Stop the road roller on a smooth and stable road surface as much as possible.

When the road roller is stopped on the a slope, it should be parked please park along the slope.

Do not jump down the road roller, please use the pedal and handrail to get off.

Repairing and Maintenance

When conducting repair and maintenance, make sure the road roller is in level and stable condition
and put a chock block under the wheel.

When repairing and transporting the road roller, its articulated frame should be fixed with the rack
blocking bar.

When the machine is undergoing maintainance, irrelevant personnel should not touch itbe involved.

In case of malfunction, a Danger sign should be marked on the steering wheel.

Before the repairing starts, check whether all wheels are locked in the right location and whether the
battery is disconnected.

After all reparing works are completed; please check whether joints and sealing parts have any
leakages.

Any leakages of fuel or oils should be wiped and cleaned.

3
USER MANUAL

Smoking is prohibited when filling oil to the oil tank.

Explosives are prohibited when checking the acid level of the battery, liquid level of coolant and fuel.

Please do not use gasoline, solvents and other flammable substances as cleaning agent.

Please prevent scalding when draining engine oil and hydraulic oil at the working temperature.

Before disassembling the pipeline of the hydraulic system, keep the system unloaded.

Do not set the settling pressure of the hydraulic pressure relief valve exceeding its specified value.

Do not fill oil when the engine is shut down. Keep it clean against oil spoilage

While conducting maintenance, do not let the oil infiltrate into underground and flow into the sewer to
prevent pollution.

To ensure the service life and reliability of the road roller, please pay attention to lubrication conditions
regularly and provide maintenance accordingly..

After the repair and maintenance work is completed, put the rack locking bar back to its
original position.

4
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE MACHINE

8 3
2
1 4

7 6

1. Front frame 2. Vibrating drum (front wheel) 3. Cab 4 . Engine shell

5. Engine exhaust pipe 6. Fuel tank 7. Rear wheel 8. Steering wheel

5
USER MANUAL

1.1 General

This series of road roller is self-driving articulated vibrating road roller with single steel drum, belonging to
heavy duty full-hydraulic all-wheel drive vibrating compaction machine. With good compaction effect, deep
depth of influence and high production efficiency, it is suitable for ramming the roadbed and pavement
works constructed with various non-sticky materials, such as soil, gravel, sand-rock mixture, rock filling and
stabilized soil. It can be widely applied in roads, municipal works, airports, ports, wharfs, dikes and various
industrial construction sites. To meet the demand of the customer ramming the sticky material, projected
wheel hull and corresponding mud scraping boards are provided for this machine as options, for easy
on-site assembly.. Customers can order by directly contacting our company. This configuration is
particularly applicable for the compaction works of large foundation constructed in the materials with high
viscosity and high moisture, such as dams, ports, airports, and etc.

1.2 Frame

This machine consists of two units in the front and rear. The front unit is furnished with a front frame and
vibrating drum, which is an operating device of the road roller, while the rear unit, the main part of the road
roller, is equipped with running transmitter, rear wheel and console. The front and rear units are articulated
together.

1.3 Power and driving system

The figure of the driving system for this model of machine is shown as below. The hydraulic travel pump
and the hydraulic vibration pump are connected in series and driven directly by the diesel engine to provide
power for the hydraulic travel system and hydraulic vibration system respectively. The steering pump is
driven by the output shaft on the engine side to drive the steering system.

6
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

1. Diesel engine 2. Hydraulic traveling pump 3. Hydraulic vibration pump


4. Hydraulic steering pump 5. Rear axle 6. Built-in brake
7. Rear wheel travel motor 8. Steering cylinder 9. Vibration motor
10. Vibration generator 11. Vibrating drum 12. Planetary reducer
13. Travel motor for the front wheel 14. Rear wheel
15. Steering gear 16. Steer wheel

1.4 Diesel engine

This machine applies the Cummins 6BTA5.9 water-cooled, six-cylinder and four-stroke, direct injection
worm wheel intercooled diesel engine which is imported with the original packaging. While the machine is
operating, the oil transfer pump transfers the fuel of the fuel tank into the injection pump after filtering
through the filter; the fuel pressure is increased in the pump and oil is provided to the injector according to
different working conditions in order to complete the combustion process. The excess fuel oil supplied by
the high pressure fuel pipeline returns to the fuel tank through the fuel return pipe of the fuel filter. The fuel
delivery pump is installed with a hand pump which can be used to drain the air in the fuel pipe.

The engine is electrically started; its battery is charged by the alternator driven by the triangle belt on the
machine. The throttle control handle controls the rotating speed of the diesel engine through the flexible
shaft.

This engine is with great power and high power reserve coefficient; it is equipped with tri-filtering air filter
matched with alarm equipment, low temperature cold starter, pressurized water radiator and battery cell
with large capacity, so it is suitable to be applied in strong sand, wind, high altitude and cold areas.

7
USER MANUAL

1.5 Hydraulic travel system

The travel system consists of a closed hydrostatic drive system consisting of variable pump and variable
motor; the front wheel is propelled by the hydraulic motor through the planetary reducer, and the running
motor of the rear wheel is driven by the rear axle. The hydraulic motor applies electrical dual-emission
operation which can obtain four speed ranges. The hydraulic travel pump is manually controlled by variable
displacements and operated by one rod; by operating traveling handle, the direction can be changed so
that the road roller can change the speed continuously within the set range.

The road rollers operating brake can be realized through the locking function of the hydraulic driving
system. Move the traveling handle to the neutral position and then the roller will implement braking
operation. In the front and rear driving motor reducers, it is equipped with wet multiple disk brake which
applies the electro-hydraulic control and can be used for stop and emergency braking of the front and rear
wheels.

This machine has four speed ranges: the first gear is at the operating speed and the fourth gear is at the
transmission speed, this machine should only be applied to roads with good conditions. The second gear is
skidding gear of the front wheel, and the third gear is the skidding gear of the rear wheel.

1.6 Hydraulic vibration system

The hydraulic vibration system is hydrostatic driving system. The vibration pump drives the vibration motor
on the left side of the front and rear wheels to drive the vibration generator to start clockwise and
anticlockwise rotation, generating vibration from frequency and amplitude conversion. Generally, the high
amplitude is for roadbed compaction, while the low amplitude is for pavement compaction.

Vibration can be selected and controlled through the vibration switch on the control box. the vibration can
be started only when the diesel engine is on full speed and constant speed. It is forbidden to start the
vibration on the finished hard road.

1.7 Hydraulic steering system

The hydraulic steering system is a hydrostatic servo steering mechanism. The hydraulic steering pump can
supply the pressure oil to the hydraulic steering gear; by turning the steering wheel, drive the steering gear
so as to control the two steering oil cylinders on the hinged frame to conduct steering.

1.8 Console and Cab

This console is in entire framework steel structure, which is fixed on the rear frame through the round
vibration damper. The cab is welded with thin steel plates, in a structure of preventing turning over and
protecting against the falling objects, directly fixed on the console so as to effectively protect the safety of

8
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

operator. Huge steel glass doors and windows are provided around the cab so that it is spacious and
well-lighted and can prevent ultraviolet rays from radiating. It is provided with luxurious seats, wiper,
overhead light, fan, air conditioner ventilation device (options), and etc. The operating mechanism is
arranged according to ergonomics and set up on the positions which the driver can reach, and it is simple,
easily controlled and operated with convenience and comfort. The electronic monitoring device is provided
in order to effectively monitor the status of motor, hydraulic system, braking system, etc. in real time and
guarantee normal operation of the road roller.

1.9 Electric System

The electric system of the road roller (see appendix) is supplied with power by two 12V serial storage
batteries, with 24V of rated voltage. The motor charges up the battery cells by triangle belt driving AC
generator with integrated adjustor operating.

The electric system is controlled by the power switch, and its specific operations are controlled by different
switches.

1.10 Air conditioning system

The air conditioning system of the road roller can provide cool airs to the cab in summer and heat in winter,
creating a comfortable environment for the driver. The cold source of the air conditioning device is its own
refrigeration system, while heat source is the waste heat of the circulating water in the water tank.

9
USER MANUAL

2. INSTRUMENTS AND OPERATIONS

2.1 Console

1. Clutch pedal 2. Horn button 3. Steering wheel

4. Combined instrument desk 5. Vehicle-carry radio 6. Vibration switch

7. Switch of head light 8. Switch of rear light 9. Stop brake switch

10. Electronic tachometer 11. Gear regulating button 12. Accelerator control handle

13. Reversible control handle 14. Seat

10
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

2.2 Operation instructions

2.2.
2.2.11 Seat

a. Angle of backrest
The angle of the backrest can be adjusted through
dog driver (1); the backrest and the tabling rod
should be properly positioned after adjustment.
1 2
b. Front and rear position of the seat
Pull the rod (2) to release the seat, and adjust the
front and rear position of the rear and then lock it.
3
c. Height of seat
Turn the handle (3) to adjust the height of the seat.
d. Please secure yourself in the seat with the belt
while working on a rugged road.

2.2.
2.2.22 Horn button

Press down for horn sounds

2.2.3 Steering wheel

I clockwise right turning

II counterclockwise left turning

11
USER MANUAL

2.2.4 Combined instrument desk

Refer to the next section for the operation of switch


on the combined instrument desk and instrument
display.

2.2.5 Vehicle-carrying MP3 player

The vehicle-carrying MP3 player is mainly applied


during the interval of the working time of the driver. It
has FM radio, MP3 playback functions (support U
disk or SD card) and others.

Radio Operations

1. Press the power button to switch on/off the


power.

2. The default setting is radio mode; press BAND button to turn to radio mode when it is in MP3 playing
mode; Pressing on the BAND button turns wave band between FM1/FM2/FM3, and then turn the radio
tuner to choose the program.

3. Press the volume button to adjust the volume.

MP3 playing operation

1. Press the power button to switch on the power, insert U disk or SD card.

2. Gently click the previous/next button to select the song.

Notice

This player only supports FAT16 or FAT32 file.

The interval between the insertion and drawing of U disk or SD card should be greater than two
seconds, so to ensure normal playback operation. Refer to the Operation Instructions of
vehicle-carrying MP 3 player for other features. To protect against steeling, the player can be taken out
after work every day, and be kept separately.

12
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

2.2.6 Vibration switch button

The vibration switch is provided with three positions:


left turn, neutral and right turn

Neutral- does not vibrate

Left turn- vibrate at small amplitude


F R

Right turn- vibrate at large amplitude

2.2.7 Switch of head light

Open the head light is on

2.2.8 Switch of the rear light

Open - the rear light is on

2.2.9 Parking brake switch

Disconnect- the emergency brake valve on the traveling pump is in close status.

2.2.10 Electronic tachometer

Indicate the running rotating speed of the engine(r/min)

Measuring range: 0 3500 r/min

Idle speed: 800 r/min

Range of moderate speed: about 1400-1600 r/min

Rated speed: 2200 r/min

13
USER MANUAL

2.2.11 Gear regulating switch

1 low speed, 0 4 km/h

2 skiding gear of front wheel, 0- 5.8 km/l

3 skiding gear of rear wheel, 0-7.3 km/l

4 high speed, 0- 10.8 km/h

2.2.12 Accelerator control handle

Push forward- the fuel supply of the engine is


reduced

Push backward- the fuel supply of the engine is


increased

Notice

The engine is under idle speed when the


accelerator handle is pushed forward to the end,
which can be operated only when it is under idle
load. When it is prepared to stop the engine, the
engine should be under idle speed for a while before
it stops, so as to reduce the temperature of the
machine evenly. However, the idle period should not
be over 10 minutes.

The engine is under full speed if the accelerator


handle is moved backward to the end. When the
engine is started, it is not allowed to accelerate the
engine to the full speed when the engine has not
been fully preheated; the speed of engine rotation
should be increased gradually.

14
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

2.2.13 Reversible control handle

Push forward the road roller moves forward

Neutral the road roller stops and is in braking


mode

Move backward the road roller retreats

When the road roller changes the direction, the


speed of the engine should be reduced; the running
handle shall slightly pause for a while at the neutral
position in the change of direction, and accordingly
the road roller reduces the speed and stops, and
then the running handle continues to operate,
making the road roller operate and change its
direction.

The adjustment of the road rollers speed should be


stable and slow, to prevent making brake at a high
speed.

15
USER MANUAL

2.3 Combined instrument desk


120

80
16 24 32 40 5 10

1. Left turn signal lamp

Lamp ON - the left turn lamp is on

2. Forward lighting warning lamp (upper beam)

Lamp ON the upper beam lamp on the front frame is on.

3. Forward lighting warning lamp (lower beam)

Lamp ON the lower beam lamp on the front frame is on.

4. High water temperature warning lamp for engine

Lamp ON the cooling systems temperature is too high; please stop the roller and check for errors.

5. Low fuel pressure warning lamp

Lamp ON the fuel pressure of the engine is too low. Please stop the engine, and check for errors.

6. Air filter warning lamp

Lamp ON the air filter of the engine is blocked. Stop the roller and check for errors.

7. Neutral position indicator lamp

Lamp ON the running handle is in the neutral position, and the road roller stops running.

8. Hydraulic oil filtering warning lamp

Lamp ON the hydraulic oil filter is blocked. Stop the roller and check for errors

16
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

9. Brake indicator lamp

Lamp ON the brake operates normally

10. Signal lamp for rear lighting indicator headlamp

Lamp ON the rear headlamp on the hood of the engine is on

11. Right turn indicator lamp

Lamp ON the right turn lamp is on

12. Barometer

Displays the pressure (MPa) of the pneumatic system

Measuring range: 0-1.0 MPa

Normal Value: 0.65 0.80 MPa

13.. Fuel level gauge


13

Displays the fuel level

14. Water thermometer

Indicates the cooling water temperature () of the engine

Measuring range: 40 - 120

When the diesel engine runs under normal condition, temperature of the coolant shall be between
60 and 100, if the pointer of the water thermometer exceeds 100, the diesel engine should be
stopped for fault inspection.

15.. Voltmeter
15

indicate the voltage of the battery (V)

Measuring range: +16 - +32V; Normal: 24V

16. Left combination switch

The left combination switch controls lighting of


the head lamp

O disconnect the switch 1

I front high beam (front frame)

II front low beam (front frame)

17
USER MANUAL

17. Left/right combination switch

The operation of the combination switch includes


pulling and rotating the handle.

1) Pull downward switch on the rear headlamp


(rear hood)

2) Pull backward - switch on the right turn lamp

3) Pull forward switch on the left turn lamp

4) Wiper control (position III) for spare use

5) Wiper control (position O) circuit


disconnection

6) Wiper control (position I) low speed

7) Wiper control (position II) high speed

18
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

3. OPERATION OF ROAD ROLLER

3.1 Check before starting

To ensure that the road roller is able to safely and efficiently operate,please inspect the machine
before each working day and working period. If necessary, the lubricant should be filled according to
the maintenance and repairing instructions. the road roller should be positioned on the level ground as
much as possible while going through inspections.

Check:

Whether every part of the machine and diesel engine is normal; check for oil leakages in tanks and
pipes;

Whether the connection of bolts and nuts on each part is tight;

Whether the battery is in good condition.

Whether the parking brake is working.

3.1.
3.1.11 Check the oil level in engine

Draw out the dipstick (1), and the oil level should be
kept between the two ruler lines.

3.1.2 Open the dust discharge valve of air cleaner to discharge dust
dustss

Open the dust discharge valve of air cleaner to


discharge dusts

19
USER MANUAL

3.1.3 Screw off the valve plug of the first grade fuel filter (fuel and water separator) loose, to
drain water.

Screw off the valve plug of the first grade fuel filter
(fuel and water separator) loose, to drain water.

3.1.4 Please ensure that the hydraulic oil level is not less than 1/2 of measuring range of
dipstick, otherwise, fill hydraulic oil according ly
ly..
accordingly

Please ensure that the hydraulic oil level is not less


than 1/2 of measuring range of dipstick, otherwise,
fill hydraulic oil accordingly.

3.1.5 Check the fuel level

Check the fuel level

20
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

3.1.6 liquid level in the auxiliary cooling water box

Please ensure that the liquid level in the auxiliary


cooling water box is not less than 1/2 of the
measuring range of the glass optic tube.

3.2 Starting the diesel engine

3.2.1 Ensure the traveling handle is at the neutral position (position O)

Ensure the traveling handle is at the neutral position


(position O)

21
USER MANUAL

3.2.2 Ensure that the vibration switch (6) is located in the neutral 0 position.

Ensure that the vibration switch (6) is located in the


neutral 0 position.

F R

3.2.3 Ensure the braking switch (9) is OFF.

3.2.4 Accelerator handle

Pull the accelerator handle (12) of diesel engine to


the position of moderate speed (pull the handle
forward to the position of idle speed quickly after
starting the diesel engine).

3.2.5 Indicator lamp

Turn the start switch clockwise to the first gear to


connect the circuit power and observe whether the
instrument is functioning normally. Please not that
the indicator lamp (7) should be on.
O

22
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

3.2.6 initiate the diesel engine

Continue to turn the start switch to the second gear to initiate the diesel engine. The time for each starting
shall be not more than 15s, if the engine failed to start, wait for 2 minutes before the next attempt to start. If
it failed to initiate for continuously 3 times,please stop the machine for troubleshooting..

3.2.7 After switching on the engine

After switching on the engine, the accelerator


should be operated first, to gradually increase the
speed of engine. This should be operated at the
speed of 1200r/s for 5-10 minutes to increase the
temperature. At this time, the pointers of the
voltmeter (16), oil manometer (12), engine oil
temperature indicator (15), and barometer should
indicate the normal value.

3.2.8 load after the pressure

Observe for unecessary noise and whether each meter is in the normal range. The Machine can be
operated with load after the pressure of engine oil reaches to 0.207 MPa (under the rated speed),

Notice

For long term parking, or after overhauling diesel engine and changing engine oil, please refer to the
instructions for starting status diesel engine.

23
USER MANUAL

3.3 Driving road roller

3.3.1 in middle speed position

Make sure the accelerator handle of diesel is in


middle speed position (After the road roller
startsm please pull to high speed to avoid
impact.)

3.3.2 The range of running speed of the road roller should be determined as required. Generally,
the range of Speed I should be selected when undertaking compaction, while the range of speed IV should
be selected when undertaking transportation. The speed II and speed III should be selected only when
running on slope, in which, the former one is applicable to run down the slope, while the latter one to run up
the slope.

3.3.3 Push forward or pull backward


traveling handle in the travel direction, then the road
roller begins to travel.

In addition, turning the traveling handle(13), can advance or retreat along different gear speed range
steplessly.

24
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Pulling the accelerator handle fully backwards


allows engine to reach full speed..

Turn the steering wheel at this time to see whether


the hydraulic steering gear is effective and reliable.

3.3.4 Set the traveling handle in the neutral


position to check whether the hydraulic service
brake is flexible.

Switching of traveling speed threshold should be conducted when the road roller stops traveling
(traveling handle is in the neutral position)

When switching the travel direction of road roller by traveling handle, the push-forward or pull-back
motion should be handled smoothly without too much force, when pulling the handle to the middle of stroke,
please stopped instantly to reduce the inertia of road roller to advance forwards (or backwards).

When running up the slope, please shift to the third gear, to enhance the capability of the road roller to
run up the slope. On the other hand, please use the second gear. on going down the slope. Gear shifting
should only be done before and after going up or down the slope. (shifting gear in the slope is strictly
prohibited.)

Do not set the traveling handle in neutral position when down sloping.

25
USER MANUAL

3.4 Turning of road roller

3.4.1 Switch ON the left turn light

Switch ON the left turn light (2) or right turn light (3),
to turn on the corresponding steering lamp .

0 185

3.4.2 When the traveling speed of road roller is in high gear (gear II), the traveling handle
shall be controlled to reduce the running speed of road roller.

3.4.3 Turn the steering wheel clockwise (counterclockwise) to turn the road roller.

Turn the steering wheel clockwise


(counterclockwise) to turn the road roller.

Notice:

Please pay close attention to the operation on


direction change, prevent the rear wheel of road
roller from exceeding pavement or rolling the road
curb.

26
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

3.5 Vibration
3.5.1 Ensure that the road roller stays at a working speed (1 speed).

Ensure that the road roller stays at a working speed


(1 speed)

F R

2- Skidding gear of front wheel


3- Skidding gear of rear wheel

3.5.2 Be sure to fully pull the accelerator handle backwards (full load)

Be sure to fully pull the accelerator handle


backwards (full load)

27
USER MANUAL

3.5.3 Regulate the traveling handle to allow the running speed of road roller complying with the
construction requirements.

3.5.4 Rotate the vibration switch to the amplitude (right-hand) or the small amplitude (left-hand) as
required, and then push the button on the lower traveling handle to allow the vibrating wheel to
produce vibration.

When compacting on loose soil and incompact pavement surfaces, turn on vibration after static
compacting for one or two times; When conducting material pre-compacting or final compacting,
please adapt small amplitude..

If it is required to switch the amplitude during compacting, the rotary knob can be directly changed
to the required amplitude (the vibration switch is equipped with time-delay protection device)

When switching the travel direction, Stop vibration before changing the direction.

Notice

Open the vibration switch only when the engine is at full speed. The vibration is prohibited on rigid
ground, to prevent the vibrating turbine parts from being damaged.

In-situ vibration is prohibited. the road roller to vibrate in situ, otherwise the ground may be compressed
with ripple.

3.5.5 Turn the vibration switch to 0 position, and push the button on the lower traveling handle, so
that the road roller can stop vibrating immediately.

28
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

3.6 Parking

3.6.
3.6.11 Switch off the vibration switch before stopping,

3.6.2 Place the traveling control handle in the neutral position to gradually stop the road
roller.

Place the traveling control handle in the neutral


position to gradually stop the road roller.

3.6.3 Pull the accelerator handle to reduce the rotating speed of the diesel to about 800 r/min and
then operate for 3-5 minutes, to reduce the temperature of the diesel engine.

3.6.4 Then turn the electrical key to the position 0, and cut off the electric circuit to stop.

In a cold season or in case of parking for a long time, refer to the engine specification for
maintenance and repair.

If the road roller stops on the sloping way, it is required to put a wedge under the wheel to prevent
sliding.

29
USER MANUAL

Parking brake

When the hydraulic braking system fails, please


put the traveling handle to the neutral position to
carry out hydraulic working brake and start the
parking braking system.
F R

2- Skidding gear of front wheel


3- Skidding gear of rear wheel

Push the brake switch (9) on the lower instrument board to execute the parking brake, notice the
brake indicator lamp on the alarm board is on..

When it is necessary to brake during traveling of the road roller, please pull the reversible switch
to the neutral position; and in case of emergency, or the diesel engine stops on the sloping way
without switching off, please pull the reversible switch to the neutral position, and then push the
brake switch.

3.7 Transportation of the road roller

When the distance for transporting the road roller is less than 20km, road roller can automatically travel on
IV shift.

When transporting the road roller over a long distance, vehicles, trucks or ships can be used., Please pay
attention to the following matters when loading:

Tires of flat truck used for loading must be protected with wedge block against sliding.

Please use a special guide board to make the roller automatically travel on the flat truck at a low speed,
or use crane to slowly lift the road roller onto the flat truck.

30
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Lifting of the road roller

Fasten the vibrating wheel with rack locking bar before lifting.

Please use hook and steel wire cable to lift the road roller.

When the road roller is lifted, do not stand nearby it.

31
USER MANUAL

Please use steel wire cable to fix the road roller on the flat truck and allow the road roller to be in
stop status.

Please place wedge blocks below front and rear wheels.

Withdraw the stander locking lever after transportation is completed,..

Pulling the road roller


When the traveling pump of the road roller cannot work, and short distance traction is required, the
road roller can be pulled according to the following steps.

32
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Hand pump

To front travel
reducer

Operating procedures:

1. Loosen the by-pass valve on the multifunction valve of the traveling pump.

2. Remove the original joint on the P opening of the manual pump (1), to change the 1CH-16-10
joint inside the spare parts box.

3. Remove the three-way joint (A) and the hose connected by the traveling pump, use the hose
20411-16*1W05*1200 to connect the three-way joint A with the joint 1CH-16-10.

4. Operate the manual pump to make the pressure oil enter into the braking system, thereby keeping
the pressure between 1.6 and 2.1 MPa; at this moment, the brake of the front and back wheel is in a
disconnected condition, thus it can operate the trailer.

Notice

Maximum pulling speed is 3 km/hour.

Longest pulling distance is 1 km.

Above operation can be carried out only when it is required to pull when the diesel cannot run or
the traveling pump cannot work.

When the trailer is pulling the road roller, if the above operation is not carried out, the rear axle
and the brake of the front wheel reducer may be damaged.

After pulling, repair the hydraulic traveling system in time, and restore the by-pass valve.

33
USER MANUAL

4. CARE AND MAINTENANCE

4.1 General description

Proper maintenance of the machine can ensure the maximum reliability and prolong the service life of
the spare parts..

This manual is mainly related to the repair and maintenance instructions of the road roller. For
maintenance of the engine, please refer to the attached instructions of engine usage and
maintenance.

Hydraulic driving assemblies equipped with the machine, such as the hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor,
driving axle, planetary gearbox, are high accuracy components, and all parameters are correctly
adjusted before delivery. Users can not disassemble and regulate them without permission. The
detailed maintenance and repair of these components refers to the maintenance instruction provided
by the components manufacturers. Professional persons carry out the maintenance or notify the
technical person of our company or the components manufacturers to make maintenance.

Notice

When maintaining the machine, take notice of the relevant health and safety rules.

Before maintenance begins, please clean the machine and engine completely.

The engine must be switched off during the machine maintenance,

Maintenance must be conducted on the level ground.

When maintaining the hydraulic pipeline, the pipeline pressure must be released at first (in the
condition of cold engine).

When maintaining the circuit element of road roller, remove the battery wire first and well cover the
elements with insulated material, or dismantle the battery.

Left and Right in the Instructions are with respect to the moving direction.

When working in the central cross connection area, lock-pin should be plugged first.

34
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.2 Description of the new machine commissioning

Before using the machine, a comprehensive maintenance should be made to the machine, and fill the
lubricant and grease sufficiently on each part.

When the new road roller has been working for 100 hours, in addition to regular maintenance of the
engine, the following maintenance should also be conducted:

Replace the lubricant on the vibrating gear, the driving axle and the speed reducer of the vibrating
wheel;.

Fasten the bolts and nuts on the other parts of the road roller.

4.3 Fuel, lubrication oil, hydraulic oil and cooling fluid

4.3.1 Engine

The marks and application cautions of the engine fuel, engine oil, and cooling fluid could be found in
the instruction book of engine usage and maintenance

4.3.2 Hydraulic oil

Trademark of hydraulic oil

It is recommended to adopt HV46 in the hydraulic steering system. Select high-quality hydraulic
oil in refilling as adviced.. The hydraulic oil should be replaced regularly. The period of replacement is
2000 hours, and once a year. After overhaul, it should also be replaced.

Notice

When this machine is delivered from the factory, the hydraulic oil has been filtered and checked
strictly. Therefore, make sure to keep the cleanliness of the hydraulic system during maintenance and
to prevent the dust and other contamination from mixing into the hydraulic system, causing any
malfunctions to the system.

Frequently check whether the elements of the hydraulic system and the pipeline are leaked or not.
Duly solve any problems found in the inspection process.

Hydraulic oil tanks opened temporarily must be placed indoor to prevent the moisture from mixing
into the hydraulic oil.

Hydraulic oil with different trademarks should not be mixed in application.

Clean the surface of the oil tank and oil filling filter.

Do not clean the hydraulic system with detergent.

After replacing the hydraulic oil, discharge the air in the hydraulic system and run the engine at a

35
USER MANUAL

low speed in about 5 min so that the air in the hydraulic system can be discharged.

Hydraulic oil tank without protection cover should not be placed outdoor, to avoid moisture from
entering tank due to the climate change.

Before releasing the oil, please clean the surface around the connecting pieces and filter cover to
prevent the infiltration and introduction of dust.

Except it is necessary, in normal times the tank cover must be properly placed. Don not let the
contamination and foreign matters drop into the oil tank.

Replacing the hydraulic oil must be carried out when the original hydraulic oil is warm.

It is required to replace the filter element after replacing the hydraulic oil or after the overhaul
every time, when replacing the hydraulic oil and replace the filter element at the same time, it is
required to firstly release the original oils. After the system is discharged completely, replace the filter
element.

Notice

After releasing the hydraulic oil, never start the engine, or the hydraulic system will be damaged.

4.3.3 Lubricant of driving system

Trademark of lubricant

The driving axle of this machine is PS50 64D produced by Jiangxi, Fenyi Driving Axle Factory,
the lubricant adopts the heavy-duty vehicle gear oil (GL-5, 85W/90).

Planetary speed reducer must use 220 (40 ) LS2 industrial gear oil. While the vibrating gear
adopts (85W/90, GL-5) gear oil.

If using other lubricant, it is required to consult our company or the components manufacturers.

4.3.4 Lubricating grease

Trademark of grease

This machine uses GB 491-87 standard calcium base grease.

The parts that require lubricating grease are: articulated frame, steering and crabbing oil cylinder,
traveling bearing of front and rear wheels, and etc.

36
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.3.5 Volume of liquid

Capacity
Name of assembly Fuel, lubricant (based on marking on
fueling opening)

Engine
As detailed in engine specification about 11 L
Diesel oil
Engine
As detailed in engine specification about 300 L
Fuel
Engine
As detailed in engine specification about 24L
Cooling liquid
Hydraulic system HV46 about 110 L
Vibrating room 30 diesel oil about 5 L
Driving axle 85W/90GL-5 about 25 L
Planetary speed reducer 22040LS2 about 3.5 L
water about 600 L
Tire stowage
CaCl2 or MgCl2 about 200 kg
Each movable part of road
GB 491-87 calcium base grease as required
roller
Distilled water as required
battery
petroleum butter as required

37
USER MANUAL

4.4 Instructions for maintenance

Maintenance in between different intervals should be executed prior to the execution of longer
intervals. For maintenance of engine, see instructions for operating and maintenance of engine.

Item Content Description Chapter


For every ten working hours(daily)
1 Inspect oil volume in hydraulic oil tank Hole mark of oil level 4.4.1
2 Inspect oil volume in fuel tank fuel gauge 4.4.2
3 Inspect water level of auxiliary cooling water tank 4.4.3
4 Inspect hydraulic braking 4.4.4
For every 50 working hours(weekly)
5 Check the filling pressure of the tire 0.2MPa 4.4.5
Apply lubricating grease to articulated frame and oil
6 Grease 4.4.6
cylinder
For every 250 working hours(monthly)
7 Inspect lubricant level of vibration bearing Plug hole 4.4.7
8 Check the lubricant level of driving axle Plug hole 4.4.8
9 Check the lubricant level of hub redactor of driving axle Plug hole 4.4.9
10 Check the lubricant level of Planetary speed reducer Plug hole 4.4.10
11 Check each rubber vibration absorber on the front wheel 4.4.11
12 Regulate the mud scraping board on the front wheel 4.4.12
Add distilled water,
13 Inspect battery 4.4.13
petroleum butter
Screw up connection bolts between articulated frame and Pay attention to the
14 4.4.14
front and rear wheels tightening torque
For every 2000 working hours(once per year at least)
Replace hydraulic oil and hydraulic oil filter 4.4.15
15
observe the oil gauge
16 Replace the lubrication oil on the vibrating bearing observe the vernier 4.4.7
17 Replace the lubricant on the driving axle 4.4.8
Replace the lubricant on the hob redactor of the driving 4.4.16
18
axle
Replace the planetary speed reducer lubricant on the 4.4.17
19
front wheel
Items needing maintenance according to conditions
20 Clean the whole machine 4.4.19
Tighten bolts and nuts of each part Pay attention to 4.4.14
21
tightening torque
Notice: pay attention to the tightening torque specification for nut and bolt connection.

38
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.1 Inspect the liquid level of the hydraulic oil tank

From the liquid level gauge of the hydraulic oil tank, a normal oil surface should be below 1 cm of the
upper scale mark.

In routine inspection, if oil surface is found reduced, please inspect all pipes and joints for leakage.

Where the oil level is below 1/2 of the dipstick measuring range, the filtered hydraulic oil should be
added at the oil filling port.

4.4.2 Inspect fuel volume of the fuel tank

Turn on the power and the ignition switch, and inspect the oil volume from the oil level gauge.

The volume of the fuel tank is about 300 liter.

Special Notice

Dont use up the fuels in the fuel tank; otherwise, the airs must be discharged from the fuel system.

39
USER MANUAL

4.4.3 Inspect the liquid level of the auxiliary cooling water tank

Inspect the liquid level of the auxiliary cooling water tank, which should not be below 1/2 of the
measuring range of the glass optic tube, and fill some coolant at the tank cover as required.

Notice

Dont open the tank cover when the coolant is still hot to avoid being burned.

4.4.4 Inspect the hydraulic working brake

When the machine is running at a low speed, put the control lever in the neutral position, and inspect
and test the sensitivity of the hydraulic working brake.

40
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.5 Inspect the inflation pressure of tire

Inspect the tire pressure with a barometer.

Normal pressure: 0.2MPa

4.4.6 Add lubricating grease in the articulated frame and steering oil cylinder

The lubricating nipple is located near the articulated frame and steering oil cylinder, and shall be cleaned
before oil filling and each nipple shall be pressed down for about five times.

For the trademark of the lubricating grease, see Section 4.3.

4.4.7 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the vibratory bearing

41
USER MANUAL

Start up the road roller, put the oil filling screw plug 1 located at both sides of the machine to the highest
point, and open the oil level hole screw plug 2 at the same time.

If a small amount of oil flows out from the screw plug 2, the oil mass is qualified; otherwise, continue to add
oil through the screw plug 1 until a small amount of oil flows out from the screw plug 2. Before oil filling,
clean the place of screw plug.

Inspect both sides of the vibrating drum respectively.

If the oil is required to be changed, start up the road roller, put the screw plug 1 to the lowest point and open
the screw plug to drain oil. After draining out, put the oil filling screw plug 1 at the highest point and open the
screw plug 2 to add oil until a small amount of oil flows out.

Notice

Inspection should be conducted immediately after the vibration generator runs for about half an hour.

4.4.8 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the driving axle

Screw off the oil filling screw plug (1) of the driving axle.

The oil surface of the lubricating oil should be located at the lower edge of the oil filling port.

If the oil mass is insufficient, please refill oil immediately.

Screw on the screw plug without any leakage.

On changing oil, please open the screw plug (2) at the lower part to drain out all oil and screw it back, and
add oil through the screw plug (1) up to the lower edge of the oil refilling port.

Notice

Inspection should be carried out when the road roller is cooled.

42
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.9 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the wheel reducer of the driving axle

Start up the road roller to rotate the oil plug to the horizontal location.

Screw off the oil plug and inspect whether the oil surface is located at the lower edge of the screw hole. If
the oil mass is insufficient,refill oil immediately.

Screw on the screw plug and pay attention avoid leakages.

Notice

Inspection should be carried out when the road roller is cooled.

Inspect the oil level at both sides of the road roller.

4.4.10 Inspect the lubricating oil level of the planetary reducer of the front wheel

Screw off the oil level screw plug and inspect whether the oil surface is located at the lower edge of the
screw level hole. If the oil mass is insufficient, refill oil immediately.

Screw on the screw plug and pay attention any leakages.

Notice

Inspection should be carried out when the road roller is cooled.

43
USER MANUAL

4.4.11 Inspect each rubber shock absorber of the front wheel

Carefully inspect each rubber shock absorber for cracking and corrosion, and check whether there are any
cracks between the rubber parts and the base plate. If necessary, replace them.

4.4.12 Adjust the mud scraping boards of the front wheel

Two groups of mud scraping boards are designed and used for scraping the adhered mud when the road
roller is ramming the muddy road surface.

Inspect the interface of the mud scraping board with the wheel face and its wearing conditions, and carry
out appropriate adjustment and replacement.

If it is necessary to adjust the mud scraping board, screw off and loosen the bolt in the notch, put the mud
scraping board to the wheel face, and screw on the bolt.

4.4.13 Inspect the battery

Remove the battery and clean the battery box.

Inspect the liquid level of the electrolyte in the battery.

Paint the battery polar plate with grease or Vaseline.

Check the reliability of the connectors of the battery wires.

When necessary, use a gravimeter to measure the specific gravity of the electrolyte based on which to
estimate the remaining deposit battery power.

44
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.14 Tighten the connecting bolts of the articulated frame and of the front and the rear wheels
respectively. Use a torque wrench to screw on the bolts of the articulated frame, the front wheel and
the rear wheel. See below table for the bolt torque,

Bolt tightening torque table

Tightening torque (Nm)


Bolt size
8.8 10.9 12.9
M4 3 4.5 5
M5 6 8.5 10

M6 10 15 18
M8 25 35 45
M10 50 75 85
M12 90 125 150
M14 140 200 240
M16 215 305 365

M18 295 425 500

M20 420 590 710

M22 570 800 960

M24 725 1020 1220

M27 1070 1510 1810

M30 1450 2050 2450

45
USER MANUAL

Tightening torque table for bolts at all major parts of the road roller

Connection between nuts


Size Torque
and bolts

Rear wheel driving axle M22 450

Front wheel front frame M20 450

Front frame speed


M20 420
reducer
Speed reducer drive
M20 420
plate

Drive plate front wheel M20 590

Engine rack M22 400

Articulated frame front


M16 420
frame

Articulated frame rack M22 550

Driving axle rack M24 590

46
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.15 Changing hydraulic oil, and cleaning hydraulic oil tank ventilation filter

In addition to normal and regular oil change, hydraulic oil should be changed after overhaul is
performed to the hydraulic system.

Changing hydraulic oils should be conducted when the oil is hot.

Clean the outer surface of the oil tank, oil filling port and the filter element of the air filter.

Oil-free operation is not permitted for the hydraulic pump.

Dont use detergent to clean the hydraulic system.

Notice

After the hydraulic oil is drained out, initiating the engine is prohibited.

Screw off the oil draining screw (1) located at the bottom of the hydraulic oil tank, and add hydraulic oil
to the tank.

Screw on the oil draining screw.

Remove the screw on the oil filling port cover (2).

Remove the cover of the oil filling port.

Use a non-fiber cloth to wipe up the oil tank.

Disassemble the oil filling port, take out the filter screen and clean it. If necessary, replace the filter
screen.

Notice

Check the sealing ring of the cover. If necessary, replace it.

Reinstall the oil filling port and the hydraulic filter screen.

Add fresh oil through a hydraulic filter unit, and put the cover and screw on it.

47
USER MANUAL

Check the oil level line on the scale, and the oil level shall be on the full scale line.

Run the engine at a lower speed for 5 to 8 minutes to drain air in the hydraulic system.

Notice

After draining airs, replace the filter cleaner of hydraulic oil and drain air once again in a short time.

Remove the two hydraulic filter cleaners on the hydraulic oil tank, and replace its filter element.

Remove the filter cleaner on the vibration system, and replace its filter element.

Reinstall the hydraulic filter.

Notice

Replace filter element of the hydraulic oil filter after changing hydraulic oil or performing overhaul of
the hydraulic system every time, change hydraulic oil and at the same time replace the filter element. The
oil change and air draining must be done before the replacement of the filter element.

Pay attention to cleaning the system when the replacement is done.

48
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

4.4.16 Replacing the lubricating oil of the wheel planetary reducer of the driving axle

Notice

Oil change should be done when the machine is in hot condition, and replace the left wheel and the
right wheel at the same time.

Start up the road roller, put the planetary gear oil plug to the lowest point, clean the oil plug and its
surrounding area, and remove the oil plug.

Drain out lubricating oils and collect them in the container.

Start up the road roller again and keep the oil plug port at level location.

Add lubricating oil through the oil plug port up to the lower edge of the hole.

Screw on the screw plug.

4.4.17 Replacing the lubricating oil of the planetary reducer of the front wheel

Oil change should be done only when the machine is in hot condition.

Clean all screw plugs and their surrounding area, and remove oil level screw plug (3) and oil filling
screw plug (1).

Remove the oil draining screw plugs (2) in order, drain out and collect the oils in the speed reducer.

Install the oil draining plug, and keep reliable sealing without leakage.

Add fresh oil from the oil filling port up to the lower edge of the oil level hole.

49
USER MANUAL

Install the oil level screw plug (3) and the oil filling screw plug (1) and tighten them.

4.4.18 Replacing coolant of the engine and clean the water tank

Disconnect the pipe connector at the lower part of the engine radiator, and drain out the anti-freezing
coolant.

Screw off the rotary draining valve under the engine radiator, and drain out coolant.

Use clean water to rinse from the top cover (1) of the auxiliary water tank for 10 minutes, and keep the
water dry.

Connect to the pipe connector under the engine radiator, slowly add new antifreeze coolant from the
top cover of the auxiliary water tank until the coolant reaches the upper edge of the glass optic canal, and
put the upper cover.

Clean the radiating fin of the water tank, and check all pipes of the cooling system for any leakages.

Notice

The coolant should not be added too quickly. After filling full, wait for 2 minutes and test run the
machine and add the coolant again to avoid the false full.

4.4.19 Cleaning the machine

The road roller should be cleaned regularly. If it works in a highly windy and dusty environment, it must
be cleaned carefully once every day. If it is used for compaction in the muddy and humid environment, the
mud scraping board must be properly adjusted to prevent the wheel and machine from mud accumulation.

Notice

If using high pressure spraying waterworks to wash the road roller, the high pressure nozzle must not
spray the electrical parts, dashboard, and insulating materials, which shall be covered up in advance.

The cover of the oil filling port of the hydraulic oil tank, vent header and the cover of the oil filling port of
the diesel oil tank should also be covered up in advance.

50
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

5. FAULT ELIMINATION INSTRUCTIONS

In the process of applications, road roller may cause various faults due to natural wearing, improper
operating and maintenance or defective manufacturing and assembly. Carry out fault examination and
diagnosis according to the content of this chapter; in case of problems that cannot be solved, contact the
after-sale Service department or distributors of our company.

Common faults and elimination methods of road roller set forth in this chapter are only for reference.

For the fault analysis and elimination methods of the engine, please see the engine specification attached
with the machine.

5.1 Common faults and elimination methods of drive axle

Faults Causes of faults Elimination methods

(1) The gear, bearing and other parts are (1) Replace the gear or bearing
excessively worn or damaged.
(2) Adjust the meshing clearance of
(2) Driving and driven bevel gears are meshed bevel gear pair.
improperly.
Abnormal (3) Adjust the bearing clearance between
noise of rear (3) Bearing clearance between driving and driven driving and driven bevel gears.
axle bevel gears isnt adjusted properly.
(4) Replace the gear or bearing
(4) Gear teeth are bashed or bearing is
(5) Fill lubricating oil to standard height.
damaged.

(5) Lubricating oil is inadequate.

(1) Excessive lubricating oils. (1) Discharge excessive lubricating oil.

(2) Oil seal is worn, perished or assembled (2) Replace the oil seal.
improperly.
(3) Repair the bearing journal by welding
Oil leakage of (3) Bearing journal coordinating with the oil seal and process it to standard size.
rear axle is worn.
(4) Replace gasket and tighten bolts.
(4) Cover plate gasket is damaged or bolts get
(5) Clean the breather plug to make it
loose.
unclogged.
(5) Breather plug is blocked.

(1) Lubricating oil is inadequate. (1) Fill enough lubricating oil.


Overheating
(2) Gearing mesh clearance is too narrow. (2) Adjust the gear meshing clearance.
of rear axle
(above 600C) (3) Bearing is adjusted too tightly. (3) Adjust the bearing to standard
clearance.

51
USER MANUAL

5.2 Common faults and elimination methods of hydraulic

vibration system

FAULTS CAUSES OF FAULTS ELIMINATION METHODS

(1) Vibration switch malfunctions. (1) Check circuit and replace vibration
switch.
(2) Electromagnetic valve is not charged
or damaged. (2) Check circuit and replace
electromagnetic valve.
(3) Hydraulic oil level is too low.
(3) Fill the hydraulic oil to the stipulated level.
Road roller (4) Compensating oil pressure is too low.
doesnt (4) Adjust the oil compensating pressure to
(5) Motor coupler is damaged.
vibrate. be 1.2MPa.
(6) Hydraulic pump is damaged.
(5) Replace the coupler.
(7) Hydraulic motor is damaged.
(6) Repair the hydraulic pump.
(8) Vibration bearing is jammed.
(7) Repair the hydraulic motor.

(8) Repair the vibration bearing.

(1) Engine speed is too low. (1) Operate gasoline throttle to reach the
rated speed.
(2) Hydraulic system leaks severely.
(2) Check causes and replace seals.
(3) Vibration bearing is damaged or
jammed. (3) Replace bearing.

(4) Lubricating oil of vibration generator is (4) Discharge lubricating oil or replace
Vibration excessive or malfunctions. lubricating oil.
frequency
(5) Filter is jammed. (5) Clean or replace filter.
is too low.
(6) Hydraulic oil level is too low. (6) Fill hydraulic oil to the stipulated level.

(7) Overflow valve is adjusted improperly (7) Adjust or replace overflow valve.
or damaged.
(8) Repair the hydraulic pump.
(8) Hydraulic pump leaks internally.
(9) Repair the hydraulic motor.
(9) Hydraulic motor leaks internally.

52
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

FAULTS CAUSES OF FAULTS ELIMINATION METHODS

(1) Corresponding vibration switch or (1) Check the electric circuit and replace it.
solenoid coil malfunctions.
(2) Repair or replace the overflow valve.
(2) Corresponding high pressure overflow
Only one (3) Check causes and replace the parts.
valve malfunctions.
vibration
(4) Repair the electromagnetic valve.
amplitude (3) Active eccentric block of vibration
generator is jammed.

(4) Shuttle valve of electromagnetic valve


is jammed.

One side (1) Central drive shaft is damaged. (1) Replace drive shaft.
vibration

(1) Hydraulic cooler is jammed or scale (1) Clean the hydraulic cooler.
deposit is too thick.
(2) Fill the hydraulic oil to the stipulated level.
Hydraulic
(2) Hydraulic oil level is too low.
oil (3) Replace hydraulic oil.
temperatur (3) Hydraulic oil trademark is wrong or
(4) Clean or replace filter.
e after malfunctions.
vibration (5) Repair the hydraulic system.
(4) Filter is jammed.

(5) Hydraulic system leaks severely.

Vibration (1) Lubricating oil level of vibration bearing (1) Properly adjust the lubricating oil level.
room is too low or too high.
(2) Replace vibration bearing.
temperatur
(2) Vibration bearing is damaged or
e is too
jammed.
high or it
has noises.

53
USER MANUAL

5.3 Common faults and elimination methods of hydraulic

steering system

Faults Causes Elimination methods


(1) Filter is jammed. (1) Clean or replace the filter.
(2) Oil supply of hydraulic pump is (2) Check and repair hydraulic pump.
inadequate. (3) Eliminate the airs in system and check
(3) Airs are available in the steering whether the oil line leaks.
system. (4) Check and repair conversion valve.
(4) One-way valve and conversion valve (5) Use the oil with recommended viscosity.
Hard
malfunction. (6) Fill oil to the stipulated oil level height.
steering
(5) Hydraulic oil has large viscosity. (7) Adjust the pressure of overflow valve or
(6) The level of oil tank is too low. clean the overflow valve. Replace the spring
(7) Overflow valve in the conversion valve or sealing ring.
block is lower than the operating pressure
and jammed; or the spring malfunctions,
and sealing ring is damaged.
(1) The parts in the steering gear are (1) Replace the damaged parts.
broken or deformed. (2) Replace the coupler.
Steering (2) The coupler opening is broken or (3) Check and clean two-way cushion valve
failure deformed. or replace the spring and sealing ring.
(3) Two-way cushion valve in valve block
malfunctions.
Non-ma (1) Radial clearance and axial clearance (1) Replace the rotor or the stator.
nual between the rotor and the stator are too
steering large.

54
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

Appendix

55
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

PRODUCT
CODE ITEM NAME REMARKS
SPECIFICATIONS
M1 Starter Engine accessories
M2 Generator Engine accessories
M3 Wiper Cab belt
KAO Flameout switch HG4185-24V-1H/70A Shanghai Hugong Electron
KA1 Starting relay 37N-35085B 24V 8A Engine accessories
KA2 Flameout relay 37N-35085B 24V 8A Engine accessories
KA3 Battery main switch DK 238D 24V 100A Zhejiang CHINT
KA4 Neutral relay JD201S-003 24V 40A Zhejiang CHINT
KA5 Braking relay JD202S-001 24V 40V Zhejiang CHINT
KT1 Time relay ST3PA-B DC 24V setting Zhejiang Xuji
6S
SO1 Neutral switch Valve belt
SG Flasher SG258E 24V 120W Zhejiang CHINT
Z1 Neutral indicator light Instrumentation console belt
Z2 Left-face indication Instrumentation console belt
Z3 Right-face indication Instrumentation console belt
Z4 Braking indication Instrumentation console belt
Z5 Water temperature alarm indication Instrumentation console belt
Z6 Air filter alarm indicator light Instrumentation console belt
Z7 Too low engine oil pressure alarm light Instrumentation console belt
Z8 Oil filter alarm light Instrumentation console belt
Z9 Head light upper beam indication Instrumentation console belt
Z10 Head light lower beam indication Instrumentation console belt
Z11 Rear lighting indication Instrumentation console belt
Z12 Braking indicator light Instrumentation console belt
D1 Front left working light (upper beam) Cab belt
D2 Front right working light(upper beam)
D3 Front left working light (lower beam) Cab belt
D4 Front right working light(lower beam)
D5 Front left headlight Cab belt
D6 Front right headlight Cab belt
D7 Rear left headlight Cab belt
D8 Rear right headlight Cab belt
D9 Left direction signal light Cab belt
D10 Right direction signal light Cab belt
DL Electric horn DL-50 Zhejiang CHINT
SB1~4 Rocker switch with light JK338-1

56
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

PRODUCT
CODE ITEM NAME REMARKS
SPECIFICATIONS
DS Electric lock JK412
ZX Pole changer Instrumentation console belt
B1 138 ZSJ242type
Speed chronoscope138 teeth DO~3000r/min Zhejiang Yuexin
Speed sensor
B2 Voltmeter
B3 Water thermometer Measuring range

Water temperature sensor Screw thread


B4 Oil manometer

Oil manometer sensor See the attached figure


B5 Oil level gauge

Oil level sensor


YV1 Oil cut-off valve
YV2 Braking valve
YV3 High frequency valve
YV4 Low frequency valve
YV5 Front driven motor
YV6 Rear driven motor
K1 Large and small vibration switch Two normally open and Shanghai Shuangke Electric
closed contact Co., Ltd
K2 General changeover switch Shanghai Apt (attached figure)
K3 Horn button switch instrumentation console belt (on
the traversing mechanism)
K4 Instrument control switch instrumentation console belt
S1 Wiper switch instrumentation console belt
(Compound rod )
S2 Far and near light switch instrumentation console belt
(Compound rod
S3 Amplitude power switch Operating handle belt
S4 Wiper switch Instrumentation console belt
FU2 Single channel safety BX201
FU1~6 Six-gear safety (without light) BX506 Zhejiang CHINT
FU7~12 Six-gear safety (without light) BX506 Zhejiang CHINT
R Excitation resistance 270(3W)
A1 Wiper relay I JD201S-003 24V 40A Zhejiang CHINT

57
USER MANUAL

PRODUCT
CODE ITEM NAME REMARKS
SPECIFICATIONS
A2 Wiper relay II JD201S-003 24V 40A Zhejiang CHINT
A3A4 Upper and lower beam relay JD201S-003 24V 40A Zhejiang CHINT

58
CDM512D/CDM514D Dual-Drive Full-Hydraulic Vibrating Road Roller

59