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Product Brochure

Generator Circuit-Breaker HVR-EBCB

For hydro or pump storage power plant

General Sequence of the Electrical Braking of a Machine

The braking switch serves the purpose of electrical braking a The sequence of the electrical braking of a machine in a hydro
machine in a hydro or pumped storage power plant after it or pumped storage power plant is as follows:
has been disconnected from the system. Electrical braking is The input of mechanical power to the turbine is interrupted.
attractive because it allows to substantially reduce the wear The generator is disconnected from the system by opening
of the mechanical braking system and hence to increase the the generator circuit breaker.
maintenance intervals and to decrease the associated costs. The speed of the machine is reduced due to the friction of the
runner in water or air (depending of the type of the turbine).
Electrical braking typically sets in at 50% to 60% of the rated The generator is de-excitated; depending on the degree of
speed of the machine and mechanical braking is then applied de-excitation the residual voltage at the generator terminals
only at 10% or less of the rated speed. typically lies between 5% and 25% of the rated voltage.
At about 50% to 60% of the rated speed of the machine the
In order to electrically brake a machine a short-circuit is applied braking switch is closed and hence a short-circuit is applied
to its terminals by closing the braking switch. to the terminals of the generator. The residual voltage and the
subtransient reactance of the generator thereby determine
the making current.
The generator is excitated again so that the necessary brak-
ing current of the generator is flowing in the circuit, thereby
electrical braking takes place.
At 10% or less of the rated speed mechanical braking is also
applied and the machine finally comes to a complete stand-
Arrangement of the Braking Switch still.
The braking switch is mounted in a cubicle and connected After reaching the standstill position the excitation current is
to the generator main busbar between the terminals of the reduced to zero and the braking switch is opened (without
generator and the generator circuit-breaker. current).

Note: a braking switch is not intended for protection purposes;

therefore no protection signals shall be wired to the opening
coils of the braking switch.

Technical Data

Generator circuit-breaker type HVR-EBCB (Braking Switch)

Type of circuit breaker Installation Service conditions HVR-63
Installation Indoor
Rated maximum voltage kV 24
Rated continuous current 1)
A rms up to 8000
Current carrying capability for 10 min. 2)
A rms up to 16000

Rated insulation level

Rated power frequency withstand voltage
to earth and across circuit-breaker/switch contacts kV rms 60
Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage
to earth and across circuit-breaker/switch contacts kV peak 125

Rated peak withstand current kA peak 190
Rated short-time withstand current kA, 3s 63
Rated short-circuit making current kA peak 190
Duty cycle for intermittent duty C - 10min - O - 30min - C - 10min - O
or C - 5min - O - 15min - C - 5min - O
Duty cycle for short-circuit currents CO - 30min -CO
Maintenance intervals
time based 20 Years
mechanical 10000 CO

Operating mechanism
Type Hydro-Mechanical Spring Operating Mechanism
Number of stored operations CO

Degree of protection (IEC 60529)

Operating mechanism of braking switch IP 54
Cubicle (enclosure) IP 41

General IEC 62271-1
Braking switch (circuit-breaker) IEEE Std C37.013
Cubicle (enclosure) IEC 62271-200
Standard maximum rating of HVR-63 in open-air installation: for application in enclosure as braking switch, the given short-time duty shall apply.
Short-time duty: final duty cycle has to be defined based on actual braking specification.

Dimension Drawing HVR-EBCB

300 *) 3800 300 *)

500 *)
4400 *)

450 *)
N(1300) N(1300)

3750 *)

1500 *)

N = Phase distance
*) min. space required for erection and maintenance

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