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DO SCHOOLS PRODUCE GENIUSES OR ARE THEY BORN THAT WAY 1

Do Schools Produce Geniuses or Are They Born That Way

Andres Lopez

Los Angeles Leadership Academy


DO SCHOOLS PRODUCE GENIUSES OR ARE THEY BORN THAT WAY 2

Abstract

This study aims to answer the following question, Do schools produce geniuses or are

they born that way? Based on qualitative and quantitative research the genius level intellect is

considered exceptional intellectual or creative power or other natural ability. This is an important

theory as observations have arised between students who have a higher intellect as others and

how their intellect is shared with their relatives and of the same family. This research will aid

with those who are studying genetics, cognitive development and how education makes a student

intellectual and successful.

Keywords: Genes, Education, Heritability, Intellect, School


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Introduction

There are students who have the acknowledgment of a genius who seem to know

everything and ace exams with ease. Although it seems an individual's genes are the reason they

are intellectual, environmental factors also play a major role. People are indeed born with

scholarly abilities based on heritability, however despite these factors, a person also needs to

dedicate themselves to their studies. Intellect is impacted by the educational environment and

cognitive learning while sometimes impacted by heredity and intellectual genes.

Method

Focus

In this research paper the following methods are used to answer this question: is

intelligence obtained from genes and heredity or do schools create intellectual students? To

better understand this research paper a few terms will be defined. First, during this study, a gene

will be understood as The unit of heredity by which a biological trait is passed down through

generations of human beings (Boundless, 2016 ). Also, heritability describes what percentage of

the variation of a trait in a population is due to genetic differences in that population, as opposed

to environmental factors.

Additionally, the term intelligence has several interpretations, the most prominent of

which are: capacity for logic, abstract thought, understanding, self-awareness, communication,

learning, emotional knowledge, memory, planning, creativity and problem solving.

Another topic that will be covered in this research is hereditary advantages. It is true that

in recent years, scientists have produced a growing number of studies linking the capacity to
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learn to specific genes. In another intriguing experiment, scientists Dan Dediu and Robert Ladd

of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy

of Sciences that some individuals possess variants of two genes involved in brain development

that may make it easier for them to learn tonal languages like Chinese(Paul, 2017). People who

posses some sort of these genes are very beneficial because they prove to help the person

understand, for example, different languages. This hereditary advantage is only exclusive to

those that have inherited. Although, it is true that a regular person can learn a different language,

that person will have a much more difficult time, for they do not have the same mental processes

as the person with the learning gene. Another example of hereditary intellectual advantages can

be seen while looking at the young children of colleague faculty members, one can observe that

many of them are super sharp as compared to the norm. Hence the question: Is intelligence

genetically inherited? The answer is yes, intelligence is inherited to some degree.

The impact of heredity on intellect.

The impact of genetics towards students brings them an advantage when it comes to

academics and beyond. The two factors that impact overall intelligence is that of an education

and the big influence is inherited genes ...it is believed that genetics can account for 75% of

your adult intelligence, with the environment being responsible for the remaining 25%.

However, what is interesting is that research has found only a few specific genes which have a

distinct, substantial effect on IQ which means that intelligence is probably the result of the

action of numerous genes, and their interaction with environmental stimuli, rather than the

product of a specific intelligence gene. In fact, many believe that as much as 40% of all genes

may contribute to overall intelligence (Cohen, 2017). According to this data, most of our
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intelligence comes from a bunch of different genes while being influenced by the environment,

or school.

Intellectual genes: Parents. Up to 40 percent of a child's intelligence is passed down

from the parents, according to a study called Thank your Parents if You're Smart led by Dr

Beben Benyamin, from the University of Queensland. The finding from the largest ever genetic

study of childhood intelligence adds yet more fuel to the debate over whether intelligence is a

product of nature or nurture. Using genetic data and IQ scores of thousands of children from

four countries, researchers from the University of Queensland found attempted to separate out

the environmental effects. Findings showed that a gene known as FNBP1L was significantly

linked to childhood intelligence. The same gene had previously been shown to be the most

significant gene in predicting adult intelligence(Gayle, 2013). These genes scholars have not

only help them in school, but extend outside of education and into the adult life. To clarify, the

learning genes continue into adult life and the workforce and becomes very prominent in those

individual adults who are successful. These adults are successful because of the very reason that

they had an advantage in their childhood because they possessed the genes that enabled them to

learn in a much better rate than the scholars that did not.

Learning Gene. Some scholars possess an advantage to be able to learn at a better rate.

Scientists found that young people who possessed particular versions of three genes were more

likely to finish high school and go on to college than those who carried other forms of the genes .

According to Times article, The Science of Smart , The genes in question DAT1, DRD2

and DRD4 are involved in regulating the action of dopamine in the brain, and have been

linked in other studies to levels of motivation, attention and intelligence(Paul, 2012). Through
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these genes, some scholars are receiving skills that are involuntary to them and hence, they

become successful in school and therefore life. Through these scientific discoveries, students

who possess this learning genes have a positive advantage, for they can learn without difficulty

due to their genotype. An example of a person who inherited intellectual genes is Einstein's son,

Hans Albert Einstein Einstein's descendants did inherit his[Albert Einstein] IQ, to an extent...

Hans Albert was a pretty brilliant scientist. He was a professor of hydraulic engineering at UC

Berkeley and the world's foremost expert on sediment transport. That might not sound as

impressive as his father's achievements, but that still makes him a pretty smart person(Ecoffet,

2016).

The Impact of Educational Environment on Intellect.

Genetics and heredity have proved to have an impact on their overall intelligence and

how they learn. However, you have to give credit where it's due. Not all of the genius comes

from parents. In order to become truly knowledgeable, students must be able to dedicate to their

studies.

School. Indeed, Studies from another realm of research, conducted by Stanford

University psychologist Carol Dweck, demonstrates the importance of focusing on the

contribution made by our own actions and choices(Paul, 2012). It would be a complete waste of

potential if a scholar has this learning gene that allows them to think faster, or understands

content at a much faster rate, but have no passion in learning. People are indeed born with

scholarly abilities based on heritability, however despite these factors, a person also needs to

dedicate themselves to their studies, however, a person can also become a genius without the

genes. The students who are self motivated are even bigger geniuses as they learn because they
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want to. If a scholar has these learning genes, and has a desire for knowledge and curiosity, then

that student will have a guaranteed spot in the winner's circle and become one of the few, who

will live a life of happiness, for they have pursuited that happiness.

The effects of an education can greatly impact a student's overall intelligence and IQ.

According to research led by Richard E. Nisbett, World War II provided another natural

experiment. School was delayed for Dutch children for several years by the Nazi Siege. The

Average IQ for these children was 7 points lower than for children who came of school after the

siege (Nisbett, p.41, 2010). Education plays a big role in developing students overall

intelligence and if a scholar were to suddenly stop attending school, he would lose some of his

intellect and cognitive thinking.

Learning. The effects of schooling and education impacts students intellect and develops

the necessary skills to be successful. Studies by Vygotsky demonstrate how the process of

learning and the educational environment can make a difference on a student's intelligence

Vygotskys social constructivist framework has a critical contribution to make to the study of

cognitive development because it emphasizes the importance of environmental effect, including

the specific effects of schooling. This stems directly from the role of semiotic mediation in

learning and the notion of the zone of proximal development (ZPD). Semiotic mediation, or

interpersonal communication through conventional signs allows the creation of intersubjectivity,

in which turn, makes it possible for teaching and learning to occur.(Orlans, p. 256, 2000).

Semiotic mediation, for example, makes the students learning observable and creates the

conditions for learning. These conditions can then be used by the educators to enhance the

learning experience and develop their skills to create future geniuses. With all this observation,
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the environment of a school most definitely impacts the intelligence of students because schools

create custom learning methods that are most effective for each individual student.

Conclusion

Students that can be recognized for being a genius is a great feat that only a few get to

receive. They have either their educational motivation or genes to thank. Intellect is influenced

by the educational environment and cognitive learning while sometimes, can be influenced by

heredity and intellectual genes. Anyone can become a genius if they are dedicated to learning,

but the same goes for inherited genes. The advantage of intellectual genes means nothing if you

have no passion for learning or school. The student who had a love for learning and obtains the

right education, will always become a genius and become successful in academics and in the

world outside of education.


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References

Boundless. (2016, September 20). Genetic and Environmental Impacts on Intelligence -

Boundless Open

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Cohen, H. (2017, April 12). Are You Born Intelligent or Does It Develop Socially? Retrieved

May 05, 2017, from

http://www.aboutintelligence.co.uk/are-born-intelligent-does-develop-socially.html

Ecoffet, A. L. (2016, August 17). Einstein Was A Formidable Genius, But What About His

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Gayle, D. (2013, March 15). Thank your parents if you're smart: Up to 40% of a child's

intelligence is inherited, researchers claim. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from

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Meadow-Orlans, K. P., Spencer, P. E., Erting, C. J., & Marschark, M. (2000). The deaf child in

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Nisbett, R. E. (2010). Intelligence and how to get it: why schools and cultures count. New York:

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Paul, A. M. (2012, July 18). Born to Be Bright: Is There a Gene for Learning? Retrieved May 05,

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