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Structured Questions:

13.(a) Complete the table shown below:


Alkane Molecular Structural
Formula formula

Methane CH4 ____________

C2 H 6 ____________

Butane ____________ ____________


(b) Which of the alkane in the table is
i. The main component of natural gas?

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ii. The main component of calor (camping) gas?

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(c) Methane is a gas (boiling point -162oC). However, it is normally transported as a liquid
(L.P.G or liquid petroleum gas). Can you explain why?

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(d) How would you separate a mixture of these three alkanes?

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14.The structure of four hydrocarbon molecules P, Q, R, and S are as follows:


Which of these molecules
a) Are saturated hydrocarbons?

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b) Would decolorize bromine water?

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c) Is called propene?

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d) Undergoes addition reactions?

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15.Antifreeze is made by reacting ethane with water, air and a catalyst:


a) What type of organic reaction is this?
b) Is ethane saturated or unsaturated?
c) Is ethane-1,2-diol saturated or unsaturated?
d) What does antifreeze do to the freezing point of water?
e) Is antifreeze soluble or insoluble in water?

a)

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b)

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c)

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d)

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e)

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16.
a) What is a homologous series?

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b) Which homologous series of hydrocarbons can be represented by the following general


formulae?
i. CnH2n+2
ii. CnH2n

i.

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ii.

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c) Give the name and molecular formula of the second member of each of the
homologous series in (ii).

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d) Give a chemical test by which you could distinguish the two hydrocarbons named in (c).

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e) To which homologous series would these molecules belong?

(i) (ii)