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2004

. :
. : , , , ,
. :

. : f(x) 0 f(x) f(0) , x , f


x0 0
. Fermat
f(0) 0 .
f(x) 2x ln2 mx ln m 4 x ln 4 5x ln 5 .
f(0) 0 ln2 ln m ln 4 ln 5 0 ln(2m) ln20 m 10
. : f 0, f(x) 0 ,
x 0 . () =
1
1 1 2x 10 x 4x 5x 1 9 3 4
f(x)dx (2 10 4 5 )dx
x x x x

0 0 ln2 ln10 ln 4 ln 5 0 ln2 ln10 ln 4 ln5

. : z i ,
1 1 i
z i i 2 2 2
2 i
z i 2
2
1
z f(a) , 2 2 0 , 0 ,
z
2
2 2 1 z 1 z 1
2
1 1 1
. : z f() f2 () z z2 2 2 f2 () 2 f2 ()
z z z

. : h(x) x3f() f() ,


1 ,1 h( 1) h(1) f2 () f2 () 0 .
h 1 ,1 .
4
1
. : 2xt u 2xdt du . t 0 , u 0 t ,
2
u x.
x2 x
f f(x) f(u)du . (1)
2 0
x
f 0 , , h(x) f(u)du
0

, f .
. : (1) :


f(x) x f(x) f(x) f(x) x e x f(x) e x f(x) xe x e x f(x) xe x
e f(x) xe dx e f(x) xe
x x x x
e x
c

x 0 (1), c=1,
f(x) e x x 1
(1), .
(
)
. : f(x) e x 1 0 , x 0 . f
0 , , 0 , . 0,
.
ex 1

. : lim f(x) lim e x x 1 lim x 1 ,
x x x
x x
ex ex 1
lim lim lim 0 .
x x x 1 x x

x x

lim f(x) lim e x x 1 , lim e x 0 lim ( x) .
x x

lim f(x) , f
x

0 , , .