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Structured Questions:

11.

Use the graph to answer the following questions on Haber process.


a) How does pressure affect the production of ammonia?

b) How does temperature affect the production of ammonia?

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c) What will be the yield of ammonia at 450oC and 200 atmospheres?

13.The chemical equation for the manufacture of ammonia by the Haber process is
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g)
The reaction is slow so an activated iron catalyst is used. The reaction is also
strongly exothermic (gives out heat) form left to right.
a) (i) what would be the total volume of a mixture of a mole of nitrogen and 3
moles of hydrogen gas at room temperature and pressure?(1mole of any gas
occupies 24 dm3 at r.t.p)
(ii) What would be the volume of ammonia if all this mixture was conveted
into ammonia gas?
b) 1 mole of nitrogen and 3 moles of hydrogen were reacted together to form
ammonia. When the equilibrium was established it was found to contain 0.2
moles of ammonia.
i. How many moles of nitrogen, N2 had been used to make 0.2 moles of
ammonia?
ii. How many moles of hydrogen, H2 had been used to make 0.2 moles of
ammonia?
iii. How many moles of hydrogen, H2 remained in the equilibrium mixture?
14.The flow chart show how ammonia is converted into various nitrogenous
ferterlisers.
a) Complete these equations:
2NH3 + H2SO4
2NH3 + CO2
NH3 + HNO3
b) Complete this table to find out which nitrogenous fertilizer has the highest
percentage of nitrogen.
Nitrogen Chemical Relative Percentage by
fertilizer formula molecular mass of nitrogen
mass Ar(N)=14

(NH4)2SO3 132

Urea 60
. ..

NH3NO3 80
. ..