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Preparation of Manuscripts

(Revised December 2016)

Manuscript Submission
Manuscripts must be submitted via the ACS Paragon Plus Environment
(http://paragonplus.acs.org/login). Complete instructions and an overview of the electronic
online (Web) submission process are available through the secure ACS Paragon Plus Web site.
Authors must also submit all revisions of manuscripts via the ACS Paragon Plus Environment.

The web submission site employs state-of-the-art security mechanisms to ensure that all
electronically submitted papers are secure. These same security mechanisms are also used
throughout the peer-review process, permitting access only to editors and reviewers who are
assigned to a particular paper.

Energy & Fuels no longer accepts mailed hardcopy submissions. Manuscripts may not be
submitted via fax or as e-mail attachments. To use Web submission, authors must be able to
provide electronic versions of text, graphics, and Supporting Information (if included).

The names and e-mail addresses of all co-authors must be entered during submission via Paragon
Plus. An exact match in name and the order that the authors are listed must be made between the
author list in the Paragon Plus entries and the submitted manuscript. Additionally, the names,
affiliations, and e-mail addresses of six suggested expert reviewers must be provided. These
suggested reviewers must not be affiliated with the institutions of any of the co-authors.
Submissions failing to meet these requirements will be un-submitted by the editorial office.

In response to the request for revision from the Editor, authors must also submit final, accepted
manuscripts via the ACSParagon Plus Environment. The platforms and word processing
packages supported in the ACS Paragon Plus Environment are listed in the Energy & Fuels Web
edition home page via http://pubs.acs.org/journal/enfuem.

Articles in Energy & Fuels are separated by subsection. Authors should select a subsection from
one of the following subsections for manuscripts to be published as Articles: Fossil Fuels,
Biofuels and Biomass, Environmental and Carbon Dioxide Issues, Efficiency and Sustainability,
Catalysis and Kinetics, Combustion, Fuel Cells, Batteries and Energy Storage, and Process
Engineering.

If a subsection is not selected by the author, the Editor will make the selection.

The special issue selection is by invitation only. This category is reserved for papers that have
been presented at the specifically designated conference that will be grouped for publication in
Energy & Fuels. Authors in this category will have received an invitation from the Editor or the
Editors designee.

Authors will be sent a message by e-mail acknowledging receipt of the manuscript.


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ORCID
Authors submitting manuscript revisions are required to provide their own personal, validated
ORCID iD before completing the submission, if an ORCID iD is not already associated with
their ACS Paragon Plus user profiles. This iD may be provided during original manuscript
submission or when submitting the manuscript revision. All authors are strongly encouraged to
register for an ORCID iD, a unique researcher identifier. The ORCID iD will be displayed in the
published article for any author on a manuscript who has a validated ORCID iD associated with
ACS when the manuscript is accepted.

With an ORCID iD, you can create a profile of your research activities to distinguish yourself
from other researchers with similar names, and make it easier for your colleagues to find your
publications. If you do not yet have an ORCID iD, or wish to associate your existing ORCID iD
with your ACS Paragon Plus account, you may do so by following the ORCID-related links in
the Email/Name section of your ACS Paragon Plus account. Learn more at http://www.orcid.org.

Manuscript Transfer Service


If your submission is declined for publication by this journal, the editors might deem your work
to be better suited for another ACS Publications journal and suggest that the authors consider
transferring the submission. The Manuscript Transfer Service simplifies and shortens the process
of submitting to another ACS journal, as all the coauthors, suggested reviewers, manuscript files,
and responses to submission questions are copied by ACS Paragon Plus to the new draft
submission. Authors are free to accept or decline the transfer offer.

Once a transfer is accepted, authors will then complete the submission to the new journal in ACS
Paragon Plus. During the submission process, they will have the opportunity to revise the
manuscript and address comments received from editors or reviewers. Requirements of the new
journal may be different, so authors should also check the Author Guidelines for the new journal
and make any needed revisions in order to conform to those requirements. Please keep in mind
that the reviews, reviewer identities, and decision letter will all be transferred to the new journal.
Authors are encouraged to identify changes made to the manuscript in a cover letter for the new
journal.

Note that transferring a manuscript is not a guarantee that the manuscript will be accepted, as the
final publication decision will belong to the editor in the new journal. For complete details, see
http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/manuscript_transfer/index.html.

Journal Publishing Agreement


A properly completed and signed Journal Publishing Agreement must be submitted for each
manuscript. ACS Paragon Plus provides an electronic version of the Agreement that will be
available on the My Authoring Activity tab of the Corresponding Author's Home page once the
manuscript has been assigned to an Editor. A PDF version of the Agreement is also available, but
Authors are strongly encouraged to use the electronic Journal Publishing Agreement. If the
PDF version is used, all pages of the signed PDF Agreement must be submitted. If the
Corresponding Author cannot or should not complete either the electronic or PDF version for
any reason, another Author should complete and sign the PDF version of the form. Forms and
complete instructions are available at http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/journals/index.html.

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Cover Letter
A letter must accompany the manuscript. The letter must contain the postal address, telephone
number, fax number, and e-mail address of the author submitting the manuscript and a list of six
suggested reviewers, their affiliations, and their e-mail addresses. The author submitting the
manuscript is the (one) author to whom all correspondence will be sent while the manuscript is
under consideration and to whom the proofs will be sent if the manuscript is accepted for
publication, unless another author is specifically designated in the cover letter accompanying the
submission. This author assumes the responsibility of corresponding with all of the co-authors of
the paper. A mechanism is provided on the submission website for including an electronic cover
letter to the Editor.

Conflict of Interest Disclosure


A statement describing any financial conflicts of interest or lack thereof is published with each
manuscript. During the submission process, the corresponding author must provide this
statement on behalf of all authors of the manuscript. The statement should describe all potential
sources of bias, including affiliations, funding sources, and financial or management
relationships, that may constitute conflicts of interest (please see the ACS Ethical Guidelines).
The statement will be published in the final article. If no conflict of interest is declared, the
following statement will be published in the article: The authors declare no competing
financial interest.
Funding Sources
Authors are required to report ALL funding sources and grant/award numbers relevant to this
manuscript. Enter all sources of funding for ALL authors relevant to this manuscript in BOTH
the Open Funder Registry tool in ACS Paragon Plus and in the manuscript to meet this
requirement. See http://pubs.acs.org/page/4authors/funder_options.html for complete
instructions.

Institution Identification
Many Funders and Institutions require that institutional affiliations are identified for all authors
listed in the work being submitted. ACS facilitates this requirement by collecting institution
information during manuscript submission under Step 2: Authors and Affiliations in ACS
Paragon Plus.

Author List
During manuscript submission, the submitting author must provide contact information (full
name, email address, institutional affiliation and mailing address) for all of the co-authors.
Because all of the author names are automatically imported into the electronic Journal Publishing
Agreement, the names must be entered into ACS Paragon Plus in the same sequence as they
appear on the first page of the manuscript. (Note that co-authors are not required to register in
ACS Paragon Plus.) The author who submits the manuscript for publication accepts the
responsibility of notifying all co-authors that the manuscript is being submitted. Deletion of an
author after the manuscript has been submitted requires a confirming letter to the Editor-in-Chief

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from the author whose name is being deleted. For more information on ethical responsibilities of
authors, see the Ethical Guidelines to Publication of Chemical Research.
In publishing only original research, ACS is committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-
plagiarism. ACS Publications uses CrossCheck's iThenticate software to screen submitted
manuscripts for similarity to published material. Note that your manuscript may be screened
during the submission process. Further information about plagiarism can be found in Part B of
the Ethical Guidelines to Publication of Chemical Research.
Assistance with Improving Your Manuscript
Authors may want professional assistance with improving the English, figures or formatting in
their manuscript before submission. ACS ChemWorx Authoring Services can save you time and
improve the communication of research in your manuscript. You can learn more about the
services offered at http://es.acschemworx.acs.org.

Just Accepted Manuscripts


Just Accepted manuscripts are peer-reviewed, accepted manuscripts that are posted on the ACS
Publications website prior to technical editing, formatting for publication, and author proofing,
usually within 30 minutes to 24 hours of acceptance by the editorial office. During the manuscript
submission process, Authors can choose to have their manuscript posted online as a Just Accepted
manuscript. To ensure rapid delivery of the accepted manuscript to the Web, Authors must adhere
carefully to all requirements in the journals Author Guidelines. For further information, please refer
to the Just Accepted FAQ, accessible from http://help.acs.org. Note that publishing a manuscript as
Just Accepted is not a means by which to comply with the NIH Public Access Mandate.

Patent Activities and Intellectual Property Issues


Authors are responsible for ensuring that all patent activities and intellectual property issues are
satisfactorily resolved prior to first publication (Just Accepted, ASAP, or in issue). Acceptance
and publication will not be delayed for pending or unresolved issues of this nature.

ACS AuthorChoice Open Access


ACS AuthorChoice options establish fee-based mechanisms for authors or their research funding
agencies to sponsor the open availability of final published articles on the Web. ACS
AuthorChoice offers authors a wide range of open access license options, such as Creative
Commons licenses and provisions for immediate or 12-month embargoed open access, and
includes ACS Certified Deposit. Authors will find useful information about compliance with
open access policies available here and FAQs here. Corresponding authors who published with
ACS during 2014 may have access to ACS Author Rewards, a $60M stimulus program ACS
provided to help authors transition to new open access publishing models.

Authors must sign the Journals Publishing Agreement. Forms and complete instructions are
available here. After acceptance, authors will be presented with the opportunity to purchase an
ACS AuthorChoice option, and authors who do so will be presented with the appropriate license
at that time. For a review of all license options available, see here. For questions or further
assistance with ACS AuthorChoice, please reach out to support@services.acs.org.
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Proofs and Reprints
The corresponding author of an accepted manuscript will receive e-mail notification and
complete instructions when page proofs are available for review via a secure Web site.

Galley proofs and reprint order forms are provided directly to the author who submitted the
manuscript. The attention of the authors is directed to the instructions that accompany the proof,
especially the requirement that all corrections, revisions, and additions be entered on the proof
and not on the manuscript.

Routine rephrasing of sentences or additions are not permitted at the page proof stage.
Alterations should be restricted to serious changes in interpretation or corrections of data.
Extensive or important changes on page proofs, including changes to the title or list of authors,
are subject to Editorial review.

It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all authors listed on the
manuscript agree with the changes made on the proofs. Galley proofs should be returned within
48 h of receipt to ensure timely publication of the manuscript.

ASAP Publication
Accepted manuscripts will be published on the Articles ASAP page on the Journal Web site as
soon as page proofs are corrected and all author concerns are resolved. Publication on the Web
usually occurs within 14 working days of receipt of page proof corrections, and this can be
anywhere from 3 to 6 weeks in advance of the cover date of the issue. Manuscripts assigned to a
special issue often remain published ASAP for several months. The actual date on which an
accepted paper is published on the Web is recorded on the Web version of the manuscript and on
the first page of the PDF version.

Preparation of Manuscripts
Authors are encouraged to prepare manuscripts using the template available on the Web. If the
author chooses not to use the template, the text of the manuscript should be double spaced. All
pages must be numbered. Authors should consult recent issues of Energy & Fuels and The ACS
Style Guide, 3rd ed. (2006); Oxford University Press, Order Department, 201 Evans Road, Cary,
NC 27513, for format guidance.

Any author who is not fluent in idiomatic English is urged to obtain assistance with manuscript
preparation from a colleague fluent in English or the ACS ChemWorx English Editing Service to
facilitate the scientific review and editorial processes.

Papers should normally be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Experimental
Section, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and References, not necessarily in that order.
Subheadings should be avoided if possible. Side headings should be paragraph indented,
followed by a period, and run into the following text. All pages of a manuscript should be
numbered consecutively, including pages containing tables and figures, which should be grouped
at the end of the manuscript.

The name of the author who may receive inquiries about the paper should be marked with an
asterisk. A footnote giving this authors complete mailing address may be included if this

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address is different from that contained in the heading of the paper. Please provide current and
complete e-mail addresses and fax numbers if available. Notes citing theses, indicating earlier
publication in preliminary form, or acknowledging financial support should be brief and
combined under one number if possible.

Manuscripts prepared with the software packages listed below will be used for production,
providing the following guidelines are observed. Failure to adhere to the following instructions
may prevent all or part of the material supplied on disk from being used in production.

When preparing a manuscript, use the document mode or its equivalent in the word-processing
program; i.e., do not save files in Text Only (ASCII) mode. If a non-Western version of the
word-processing software was used to prepare the manuscript, save the file in rich text format
(RTF). Do not include any page-layout instructions such as placement information for graphics
in the file. The text should be left-justified, and automatic end-of-line hyphenation should be
turned off. Use carriage returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to break lines of text.
Do not insert spaces before punctuation. References must conform to the format printed in the
journal. Ensure that all characters are correctly represented throughout the manuscript: for
example, 1 (one) and l (ell), 0 (zero) and O (oh), x (ex) and (times sign). Check the final copy
carefully for consistent notation and correct spelling. The conversion program will faithfully
translate any errors to the typeset copy.

All text (including the title page, abstract, all sections of the body of the paper, figure captions,
scheme and chart titles and footnotes, and references) and tabular material should be in one file,
with the complete text first, followed by the tabular material. It is best to use the fonts Times
and Symbol. Other fonts, particularly those that do not come bundled with the system
software, may not translate properly. Ensure that all special characters (e.g., Greek characters,
math symbols, etc.) are present in the body of the text as characters and not as graphic
representations. Consult the documentation for the specific software package being used on how
to detect the presence of graphics in the files, and replace them with the appropriate text
characters.

As additional features become available, these instructions will be updated on the ACS website.
Publication information can be found at http://pubs.acs.org; select Journals AZ, then select
this journals title, and then select Submission and Review.

Currently Acceptable Word Processing Packages


For a list of currently acceptable word processing packages, please refer to the guidelines given
at http://pubs.acs.org/page/4authors/submission/software.html.

ACS Math Style


Authors including math, display or in-text, in their manuscripts are encouraged to consult the
ACS Guidelines for Presenting Mathematical Information. This style sheet provides brief
discussion of formatting related to the presentation of mathematical formulas, complete with
examples of ACS style and layout. This document was developed to help authors anticipate how
mathematical expressions will be formatted in the published version of the paper.

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LaTeX users should follow the guidelines given at
http://pubs.acs.org/page/4authors/submission/tex.html. Authors who submit manuscripts
composed in TeX/LaTeX should submit a PDF file of the manuscript along with the native
TeX/LaTeX manuscript package as a ZIP Archive. Use of the freely available achemso style
package to help prepare your submission is strongly encouraged. The achemso package provides
the official macros (achemso.cls) and BibTeX styles (achemso.bst and biochem.bst) for
submission to ACS journals. The package and instructions are available from CTAN, the
Comprehensive TeX Archive Network. For complete information on submitting TeX/LaTeX
files, see Preparing and Submitting Manuscripts Using TeX/LaTeX..

Nomenclature
Nomenclature should be consistent and unambiguous and conform with current American usage.
As much as possible, authors should use systematic names similar to those used by Chemical
Abstracts Service and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Chemical
Abstracts (CA) nomenclature rules are described in Appendix IV of the Chemical Abstracts
Index Guide. For CA nomenclature advice, consult the Manager of Nomenclature Services,
Chemical Abstracts Service, P.O. Box 3012, Columbus, OH 43210-0012. A name generation
service is available for a fee through CAS Client Services, 2540 Olentangy River Road, P.O.
Box 3343, Columbus, OH 43210-0334. Telephone: (614) 447-3870. Fax: (614) 447-3747. E-
mail: answers@cas.org.

Abbreviations
Abbreviations will follow the conventions outlined in The ACS Style Guide (American Chemical
Society: Washington, DC, 1997). They are rarely followed by periods. Fractions should be
written with a slant line so that only a single line of type is required. Greek or unusual characters
should be written plainly or explained in annotations. The dimensions should be specified for all
numerical quantities. Insofar as possible, all rate constants should use seconds as the unit of time,
energies of infrared peaks should be expressed in wavenumbers (cm1), and NMR chemical shift
data should be expressed on a ppm basis and the standard used should be specified. Symbols in
mathematical equations must be defined.

References and Notes


Literature citations and notes must be numbered in one consecutive series (except for those in
tables; see below) by order of mention in the text. Reference numbers in the text should be given
as unparenthesized superscripts. The references and notes should be typed double spaced in a list
at the end of the manuscript. References to material not generally available to the scientific
public should be avoided. Journal abbreviations should conform to those used in the Chemical
Abstracts Service Source Index (1907-2004) and its supplements. Literature references should be
arranged and punctuated as shown below.

(1) Doe, J. S.; Smith, G. P.; Roe, P. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, 90, 8234-8265.
(2) Smith, G. P. Textbook of Organic Chemistry; American Chemical Society:
Washington, DC, 1972; pp 128-132.

The accuracy of the references is essential and is the responsibility of the author. Because
subscribers to the Web edition of the journal are now able to click on the CAS tag following

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each reference to retrieve the corresponding abstract at Chemical Abstracts Service, reference
accuracy is critical.

Citing by DOI
For work published online (ASAP) and work submitted for publication (e.g., submitted; in
press), the DOI should be furnished in addition to the standard bibliographic information.
Authors are given instruction for citing work by DOI in an email communication when
manuscript proofs are made available. A DOI is assigned to each manuscript and should be in the
form http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef000000a. DOI is an accepted form of citation before and after
the article appears in an issue.

Tables
Tables may be created using a word processors text mode or table format feature. The table
format feature is preferred. Ensure each data entry is in its own table cell. If the text mode is
used, separate the columns with a single tab and use a line feed (return) at the end of each row.
Tables should be numbered consecutively and should be grouped at the end of the manuscript.
Use Arabic numbering for tables (and schemes and charts). If possible, they should be designed
to occupy either a full column (50-75 characters and spaces) or the full width of a page (110-150
spaces). The descriptive heading and column heads should be as brief as possible, consistent with
making the table as self-explanatory as possible. Arrangements which result in much blank space
or repetitive entries should be avoided, and care should be taken to minimize the depth of the
table. Footnotes in tables should be given a letter designation and cited in the table by a
superscript letter. If a reference is cited in the table and the text, use the lettered footnote in the
table to refer to the numbered footnote in the text.

Guidelines for Illustrations in ACS Journals


To facilitate the publication process, please submit manuscript graphics using the following
guidelines:

1) The preferred submission procedure is to embed graphic files in a Word document. It


may help to print the manuscript on a laser printer to ensure all artwork is clear and
legible.

2) Additional acceptable file formats are: TIFF, PDF, EPS (vector artwork) or CDX
(ChemDraw file). If submitting individual graphic files in addition to them being
embedded in a Word document, ensure the files are named based on graphic function (i.e.
Scheme 1, Figure 2, Chart 3), not the scientific name. Labeling of all figure parts should
be present and the parts should be assembled into a single graphic.

EPS files: Ensure that all fonts are converted to outlines or embedded in the
graphic file. The document settings should be in RGB mode. NOTE: While
EPS files are accepted, the vector-based graphics will be rasterized for
production. Please see below for TIFF file production resolutions.

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3) TIFF files (either embedded in a Word doc or submitted as individual files) should have
the following resolution requirements:

- Black & White line art: 1200 dpi

- Grayscale art (a monochromatic image containing shades of gray): 600 dpi

- Color art (RGB color mode): 300 dpi

The RGB and resolution requirements are essential for producing high-quality
graphics within the published manuscript. Graphics submitted in CMYK or at
lower resolutions may be used, however, the colors may not be consistent and
graphics of poor quality may not be able to be improved.

Most graphic programs provide an option for changing the resolution when
you are saving the image. Best practice is to save the graphic file at the final
resolution and size using the program used to create the graphic.

4) Graphics should be sized at the final production size when possible. Single column
graphics are preferred and can be sized up to 240 points wide (3.33 in.). Double column
graphics must be sized between 300 and 504 points (4.167 in. and 7 in.). All graphics
have a maximum depth of 660 points (9.167 in.) including the caption (please allow 12
pts for each line of caption text).

Consistently sizing letters and labels in graphics throughout your manuscript


will help ensure consistent graphic presentation for publication.

5) For more information, please visit


http://pubs.acs.org/page/4authors/submission/index.html.

Formulas and Equations


These should as far as possible be arranged to fill the width of a single or double column.
Subscripts and superscripts should be written with care, and all exponents should be linearized,
as in e60/RT. Organic structural formulas should fill space economically. Do not use structures
when a simple formula will suffice. Place formulas on a single line when possible, as in
(CH3)2NCH2CONH2. It is important that all formulas be carefully arranged and executed, with
special attention to correctness of symbols, location of subscripts, superscripts, and electric
charges, and the placing and close join-up of single and multiple bond lines. Phenyl groups
should be shown as C6H5 or Ph, not as . All furnished art must be complete.

Spectra
Spectra consume much valuable space when fully reproduced and should be included only when
essential. Concise numerical summaries are preferred, but it is recognized that these are often
unsuitable when dealing with complex materials. Spectra used only for characterization may be
submitted for publication as Supporting Information.

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Safety Considerations
Authors must emphasize any unexpected, new, and/or significant hazards or risks associated with
the reported work. This information should be in the experimental details section of the full
article or communication.

Precautions for handling dangerous material or for performing hazardous procedures


should be explicitly stated.

Supporting Information
General Considerations
Material that is not needed for reading the paper but which should be available to document
experiments or calculations for future researchers should be put into the Supporting Information.
This material may include tables, illustrations, derivations, experimental procedures, analytical
and spectral characterization data, spectra, modeling coordinates and programs, and
crystallographic information files. The Supporting Information may also include additional
material or discussion that is primarily of interest to specialized readers.

If the manuscript is accompanied by any supporting information files for publication, a brief
description of each file is required. The paragraph and descriptions should be placed at the end of
the manuscript before the list of references. The appropriate format is:

Supporting Information. Brief descriptions in nonsentence format listing the


contents of the files supplied as Supporting Information.

Supporting Information must be submitted at the same time as the manuscript and uploaded
separately to the ACS Paragon Plus Environment. A list of acceptable file types is available on
the Web. All Supporting Information files of the same type should be prepared as a single file
(rather than submitting a series of files containing individual images or structures). For example,
all Supporting Information available as PDF files should be contained in one PDF file.

DO NOT UPLOAD FIGURES AND TABLES THAT ARE TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE


ARTICLE INTO THE SUPPORTING INFORMATION FILE.

Authors are encouraged to make use of Supporting Information in the interest of shorter Articles,
not only to save space but also to create more focused presentations.

Test and tabular material should be double-spaced; graphics should be saved at a resolution that
allows clear viewing over the Web. The templates available for preparing Articles may also be
used for producing Supporting Information. The page size should be (U.S. Letter) 2228 cm, and
the readable material should be aligned parallel with the 22 cm dimension wherever possible.

All pages should be numbered consecutively starting with page S1.

Material deposited as Supporting Information is considered to be part of the publication and


should not be submitted for republication as part of a future paper.

The Supporting Information will be made available free of charge on the Web.
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Submission
Supporting Information must be submitted at the same time as the manuscript. A list of
acceptable electronic file types for Supporting Information is given on the website:
http://pubs.acs.org/page/4authors/submission/software.html. All Supporting Information files of
the same type should be prepared as a single file (rather than submitting a series of files
containing individual images or structures). For example, all Supporting Information available as
PDF files should be contained in one PDF file. Whenever possible, all text and graphics in the
Supporting Information should be consolidated into a single word-processing file. A copy of the
Article template may be used to facilitate inserting graphics.

ACS Policies for E-prints and Reprints


Under the ACS Articles on Request policy, the Society will provide (free of charge) to all
contributing authors a unique URL within the ACS Web site that they may e-mail to colleagues
or post on external Web sites. These author-directed links are designed to facilitate distribution
of an authors published work to interested colleagues in lieu of direct distribution of the PDF
file by the author. The ACS Articles on Request policy allows 50 downloads within the first year
after web publication and unlimited access via the same author-directed links 12 months after
web publication.

When authors are sent the proof of their paper, they will receive a link to a website where they
may order author reprints. They may also Cierant Corporation 866-305-0111 from 9AM to
5PM EST. Reprints will be shipped within 2 weeks after the issue publication date. Neither the
Editors nor the Washington ACS Office keeps a supply of reprints; requests for single copies of
papers should be addressed to the corresponding author of the paper concerned.

Additions and Corrections


Additions and Corrections may be used to address important issues or correct errors and
omissions of consequence that arise after publication of an article. Additions and Corrections
may be requested by the author(s) or initiated by the Editor after discussions with the
corresponding author. Readers who detect errors of consequence in the work of others should
contact the corresponding author of that work. All Additions and Corrections are subject to
approval by the Editor, and minor corrections and additions will not be published. Additions and
Corrections from authors should be submitted via the ACS Paragon Plus environment by the
corresponding author for publication in the Addition/Correction section of the Journal. The
corresponding author should obtain approval from all of the article co-authors prior to submitting
an Addition and Correction or provide evidence that such approval has been solicited. The
Addition and Correction should include the original article title and author list, citation including
DOI, and details of the correction. For proper formatting, see examples in a current issue of the
Journal.

Retractions
Articles may be retracted for scientific or ethical reasons. Articles that contain seriously flawed
or erroneous data such that their findings and conclusions cannot be relied upon may be retracted
to correct the scientific record. Retractions may be requested by the article author(s) or by the
journal Editor(s) but are ultimately published at the discretion of the Editor. When an article is
retracted, a notice of Retraction will be published containing information about the original

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article title, author list, and the reason for the Retraction. Retracted articles will be accompanied
by the related Retraction notice and will be marked as Retracted. The originally published
article will remain on the web except in extraordinary circumstances (e.g. where deemed legally
necessary or if the availability of the published content poses public health risks). The American
Chemical Society follows guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) when
considering retractions; for more information see: http://publicationethics.org/.

All of these instructions are available at http://pubs.acs.org; select Journals AZ, then select
this journals title, and then select Submission and Review.

The most recent version of this Notice to Authors is available at http://pubs.acs.org.

List of Links
Author & Reviewer Resource Center http://pubs.acs.org/4authors

ACS Paragon Plus Submission site http://paragonplus.acs.org/login

Generic Author & Reviewer http://paragonplus.acs.org


Instructions (Specifications for
Graphics, Acceptable Software, &
TeX/LaTeX)

Journal-Specific Instructions http://pubs.acs.org/page/enfuem/submission/index.html


Overview

Journal-Specific Information for http://pubs.acs.org/page/enfuem/submission/authors.html


Authors

ACS Services & Policies http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/index.html

Journal Publishing Agreement http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/journals/index.html

Permissions/Rightslink http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html

Ethical Guidelines http://pubs.acs.org/ethics

AuthorChoice http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/authorchoice/index.html

Information for ACS Authors about http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/nih/index.html


the NIH Public Access Policy
Mandate

ACS Articles on Request (Electronic http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/articlesonrequest/index.html


Reprints)

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