Mathemat Ext1 03

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Mathemat Ext1 03

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H I G H E R S C H O O L C E R T I F I C AT E

E X A M I N AT I O N

Mathematics Extension 1

Reading time 5 minutes Attempt Questions 17

Working time 2 hours All questions are of equal value

Write using black or blue pen

Board-approved calculators may

be used

A table of standard integrals is

provided at the back of this paper

All necessary working should be

shown in every question

411

Total marks 84

Attempt Questions 17

All questions are of equal value

Answer each question in a SEPARATE writing booklet. Extra writing booklets are available.

Marks

Question 1 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) Find the coordinates of the point P that divides the interval joining (3, 4) and 2

(5, 6) internally in the ratio 1 : 3.

3

(b) Solve 1. 3

x2

3x

(c) Evaluate lim . 2

x 0 sin 2 x

t

(d) A curve has parametric equations x = , y = 3t 2 . Find the Cartesian equation 2

2

for this curve.

2

x

dx .

(

x2 + 1 3

0 )

2

Marks

Question 2 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) Sketch the graph of y = 3cos1 2x. Your graph must clearly indicate the domain 2

and the range.

(b) Find

d

dx

( )

x tan 1 x . 2

1

1

(c) Evaluate dx . 2

0 2 x2

( )

5

(d) Find the coefficient of x4 in the expansion of 2 + x 2 . 2

(e) (i) Express cos x sin x in the form Rcos (x + ), where is in radians. 2

3

Marks

Question 3 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) How many nine-letter arrangements can be made using the letters of the word 2

ISOSCELES?

(b) A particle moves in a straight line and its position at time t is given by

x = 4 sin 2t + .

3

(iii) When does the particle first reach maximum speed after time t = 0? 1

(c) (i) Explain why the probability of getting a sum of 5 when one pair of fair 1

1

dice is tossed is .

9

(ii) Find the probability of getting a sum of 5 at least twice when a pair of 2

dice is tossed 7 times.

1 1 1 1 n

+ + +L+ =

1 3 3 5 5 7 (2 n 1)(2 n + 1) 2 n + 1

4

Marks

Question 4 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

ways can this be done?

2x

(b) The function f ( x ) = sin x has a zero near x = 1.5. Taking x = 1.5 as a first 3

3

approximation, use one application of Newtons method to find a second

approximation to the zero. Give your answer correct to three decimal places.

(c) It is known that two of the roots of the equation 2x3 + x 2 kx + 6 = 0 are 2

reciprocals of each other. Find the value of k.

(d) A

Q

P

T

C B

R

In the diagram, CQ and BP are altitudes of the triangle ABC. The lines CQ and

BP intersect at T, and AT is produced to meet CB at R.

5

Marks

Question 5 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) Find cos2 3x dx . 2

(2, 1)

O x

(ii) Sketch the graph of the inverse function, g1(x), of g(x), where 1

g(x) = x 2 4x + 5, x 2.

(c) Dr Kool wishes to find the temperature of a very hot substance using his

thermometer, which only measures up to 100C. Dr Kool takes a sample of the

substance and places it in a room with a surrounding air temperature of 20C,

and allows it to cool.

After 6 minutes the temperature of the substance is 80C, and after a further

2 minutes it is 50C. If T(t) is the temperature of the substance after t minutes,

then Newtons law of cooling states that T satisfies the equation

dT

= k ( T A) ,

dt

loge 2

(ii) Show that k = , and find the value of B. 3

2

(iii) Hence find the initial temperature of the substance. 1

6

Marks

Question 6 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

d2x

dt

(

2 = 8x x + 4 ,

2

)

where x metres is the displacement of P from a fixed point O after t seconds.

Initially the particle is at O and has velocity 8 ms1 in the positive direction.

(i) Show that the speed at any position x is given by 2(x 2 + 4) ms1. 3

(ii) Hence find the time taken for the particle to travel 2 metres from O. 2

(b) A 1 B

p G

E 1

H

D F q C

In the diagram, ABCD is a unit square. Points E and F are chosen on AD and DC

respectively, such that AEG = FHC, where G and H are the points at which

BE and BF respectively cut the diagonal AC.

p p 1

1 + .

2 2(1 + p)

7

Marks

Question 7 (12 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a) David is in a life raft and Anna is in a cabin cruiser searching for him. They are 4

in contact by mobile telephone. David tells Anna that he can see Mt Hope. From

Davids position the mountain has a bearing of 109, and the angle of elevation

to the top of the mountain is 16.

Anna can also see Mt Hope. From her position it has a bearing of 139, and the

top of the mountain has an angle of elevation of 23.

H

A

23

1500 m

D 16

Find the distance and bearing of the life raft from Annas position.

8

Marks

Question 7 (continued)

(b) A particle is projected from the origin with velocity v ms1 at an angle to the

horizontal. The position of the particle at time t seconds is given by the parametric

equations

x = vt cos

1 2

y = vt sin gt ,

2

where g ms2 is the acceleration due to gravity. (You are NOT required to derive

these.)

v 2 sin 2

h= .

2g

v2

(ii) Show that it returns to the initial height at x = sin 2 . 2

g

(iii) Chris and Sandy are tossing a ball to each other in a long hallway. The 4

ceiling height is H metres and the ball is thrown and caught at shoulder

height, which is S metres for both Chris and Sandy.

H

S

d

The ball is thrown with a velocity v ms1. Show that the maximum

separation, d metres, that Chris and Sandy can have and still catch the ball

is given by

v2

d = 4 ( H S ) ( H S )2 , if v 2 4 g( H S ), and

2g

v2

d= , if v 2 4 g( H S ).

g

End of paper

9

BLANK PAGE

10

BLANK PAGE

11

STANDARD INTEGRALS

n 1 n +1

x dx = x , n 1; x 0, if n < 0

n +1

1

x dx = ln x, x > 0

ax 1 ax

e dx = e , a0

a

1

cos ax dx = sin ax, a 0

a

1

sin ax dx = cos ax, a 0

a

2 1

sec ax dx = tan ax, a 0

a

1

sec ax tan ax dx = sec ax, a 0

a

2

1

dx =

1 x

tan 1 , a 0

a + x2 a a

1 x

2 dx = sin 1 , a > 0, a < x < a

a x2 a

2

1

x a2

dx ( )

= ln x + x 2 a 2 , x > a > 0

2

1

x + a2

dx (

= ln x + x 2 + a 2 )

NOTE : ln x = loge x, x>0

12

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