Introduction to modelling and analysis in SAP 2000

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Introduction to modelling and analysis in SAP 2000

© All Rights Reserved

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Software Workshop

Prepared By :

Ammar Khalouf

Workshop Schedule:

Session 1:

Brief Background about Finite element method.

Introduction to CSI Structural Package.

Start with SAP 2000 User Interface.

Session 2:

SAP 2000 (Tutorial 1) Beam analysis and design.

SAP 2000 (Tutorial 2) 2D Truss analysis and design.

Session 3:

SAP 2000 (Tutorial 3) 2D Frame analysis and design.

SAP 2000 (Tutorial 4) 3D Steel and concrete framed structure.

Session 4:

SAP 2000 (Tutorial 5) Truss bridge analysis and design.

Session 5:

Integration with AutoCAD

Session 1

Introduction

Introduction:

is defined by:

such as: equilibrium, conservation of energy, conservation of mass, and

Newton's laws of motion

-Boundary Conditions: that limits the behavior of the system and make it

solvable (have unique solution).

system.

Now imagine if the system was more complicated :

-Materials have complex behavior and properties.

- Complex governing equation (Second-order Differential equations).

-Even if we know the equation , no direct way of solving it !

-Divide the complex shape into lots of simpler shapes. (Discretization)

equilibrium at the inter-element boundaries.

-Equations are better represented in Matrix Format called :

-Solution Process is done using computer device.

-Final Picture: Stress Distribution on the bridge

Finite Element Method

predicting how an element reacts to real-world forces.

(thousands to hundreds of thousands) of finite elements, such as little

cubes. Mathematical equations help predict the behavior of each

element. A computer then adds up all the individual behaviors to predict

the behavior of the actual object.

-Video On The Finite Element Method:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrpj3cZrKn4

CSI Structural Package

SAP 2000

SAP2000 is a general purpose finite element program which performs the

static or dynamic, linear or nonlinear analysis of structural systems.

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/sap2000/Home

-SAP 2000 Features:

-SAP 2000 Features:

-SAP 2000 Features:

- Example Models:

SAP 2000 User Interface

SAP 2000 User Interface

SAP 2000 Documents

Include:

-Software Manuals.

-Step-by-Step Tutorials.

-Verification Manuals.

Session 2

Tutorials (1-2)

Tutorial 1

Beam Analysis

-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis

Exercise 1:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis

Exercise 2:

-Load Arrangements:

-Load Calculations:

-Load Combinations:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis

Exercise 3:

-Loadings: -Combinations:

-Self weight of the beam. ULS: 1.35 (D.L)+1.5 (L.L)

-Point Loads are super imposed loads. SLS: 1.0 (D.L) + 1.0 (L.L)

-Distributed Loads are live loads.

-Check live load serviceability for limiting deflection of : (span/360).

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)

-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)

-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)

-SAP 2000 Solution:

Tutorial 2

Plane Truss

-Tutorial 2: Plane Truss

Exercise 1:

using (Hollow) or (Angle) sections.

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution: Design of member (FI)

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-Design Sections as (CHS):

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-Design Sections as (UKA):

-Tutorial 2: Plane Truss

Exercise 2:

-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)

-Manual Solution: : Design of member (AB)

-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)

-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-SAP 2000 Solution:

-Design Sections:

Session 3

Tutorials (3-4)

Tutorial 3

2D Frame Analysis

-Tutorial 3: 2D Frame Analysis

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)

-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)

-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)

-SAP 2000 Solution: Axial force diagram

-SAP 2000 Solution: Design sections

Tutorial 4

-Tutorial 4: Introduction

-Tutorial 4: Introduction

-Tutorial 4: Introduction

-Tutorial 4: Introduction

-Tutorial 4: Introduction

-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed structure

-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed building

-Plan view

.

-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed building

-Typical Section:

-Manual Solution: Beam (A3-B3)

-Manual Solution: Beam (B5-9)

-Manual Solution: Column (B5)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)

-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)

-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)

-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)

-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)

-SAP 2000 Solution: Analysis results

Secondary Beam

(A3-B3)

Main Beam

(B5-9)

Column (B5)

-SAP 2000 Solution: Beam design sections

-SAP 2000 Solution: Columns design sections

Session 4

Tutorial (5)

Tutorial 5

-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis

-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis

-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-Manual Solution:

-SAP 2000 Solution: Bridge 3D model

-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Static Load Case

Support reactions

-SAP 2000 Solution: Design check

Capacity ratios

-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Moving Load Case.

-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Moving Load Case.

Capacity ratios

-SAP 2000 Solution: Static vs Dynamic

Session 5

-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000

Structural Layout drawing

-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000

Finite Element Model

-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000

Save as DXF File

-Part 1: Import dxf file to SAP 2000

Import DXF file to SAP 2000

-Part 1: Import dxf file to SAP 2000

Convert to SAP structure model

-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file

SAP 2000 3D Model

-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file

Export to AutoCAD DXF file

-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file

AutoCAD Model

References:

SAP2000, C.S.I., 2013. Computers and Structures Inc. Berkeley, CA, USA.

CSI, S., 1996. Integrated Finite Element Analysis and Design of Structures.

Computers and Structures, Inc., Berkeley, California.

manual. Computers and Structures, Inc.

Link: https://www.csiamerica.com/products/sap2000/watch-and-learn

Structures: Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures, Part 1-1: General Rules

and Rules for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons.

Hibbeler, R.C. and Kiang, T., 2015. Structural analysis. Prentice Hall.

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