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# SAP 2000

Software Workshop

Prepared By :
Ammar Khalouf
Workshop Schedule:

Session 1:
Brief Background about Finite element method.
Introduction to CSI Structural Package.

Session 2:
SAP 2000 (Tutorial 1) Beam analysis and design.
SAP 2000 (Tutorial 2) 2D Truss analysis and design.

Session 3:
SAP 2000 (Tutorial 3) 2D Frame analysis and design.
SAP 2000 (Tutorial 4) 3D Steel and concrete framed structure.

Session 4:
SAP 2000 (Tutorial 5) Truss bridge analysis and design.

Session 5:
Session 1

Introduction
Introduction:

is defined by:

## -Governing equation : coming from the fundamental principles of physics

such as: equilibrium, conservation of energy, conservation of mass, and
Newton's laws of motion

-Boundary Conditions: that limits the behavior of the system and make it
solvable (have unique solution).

## Example: Single spring problem is a very simple example of an engineering

system.
Now imagine if the system was more complicated :

## -Non-simple arbitrary geometry.

-Materials have complex behavior and properties.
- Complex governing equation (Second-order Differential equations).
-Even if we know the equation , no direct way of solving it !
-Divide the complex shape into lots of simpler shapes. (Discretization)

## -Join all the simpler shapes together, ensuring compatibility and

equilibrium at the inter-element boundaries.

## -But ! , This will require thousands of simultaneous equations.

-Equations are better represented in Matrix Format called :

## The Stiffness Matrix

-Solution Process is done using computer device.

## -Results often displayed on a contour diagram.

-Final Picture: Stress Distribution on the bridge
Finite Element Method

## Finite element analysis (FEA) is a computerized approximate method for

predicting how an element reacts to real-world forces.

## FEA works by breaking down a real object into a large number

(thousands to hundreds of thousands) of finite elements, such as little
cubes. Mathematical equations help predict the behavior of each
element. A computer then adds up all the individual behaviors to predict
the behavior of the actual object.
-Video On The Finite Element Method:
CSI Structural Package
SAP 2000
SAP2000 is a general purpose finite element program which performs the
static or dynamic, linear or nonlinear analysis of structural systems.

https://wiki.csiamerica.com/display/sap2000/Home
-SAP 2000 Features:
-SAP 2000 Features:
-SAP 2000 Features:
- Example Models:
SAP 2000 User Interface
SAP 2000 User Interface
SAP 2000 Documents

Include:

-Software Manuals.

-Step-by-Step Tutorials.

## -Concrete Design Examples.

-Verification Manuals.

## Very Important and Useful !!

Session 2

Tutorials (1-2)
Tutorial 1

Beam Analysis
-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis
Exercise 1:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-SAP 2000 Solution:

## Laterally restrained Unrestrained

-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis
Exercise 2:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:

## -SAP 2000 Solution:

-Tutorial 1:Beam Analysis
Exercise 3:
-Self weight of the beam. ULS: 1.35 (D.L)+1.5 (L.L)
-Point Loads are super imposed loads. SLS: 1.0 (D.L) + 1.0 (L.L)

## -Design the continuous beam using UKB Section. Grade (S275)

-Check live load serviceability for limiting deflection of : (span/360).
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)
-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)
-Manual Solution: Design of span (BC)
-SAP 2000 Solution:

## -Design Sections with Capacity ratios:

Tutorial 2

Plane Truss
-Tutorial 2: Plane Truss
Exercise 1:

## -Design member FI for Tension.

using (Hollow) or (Angle) sections.

-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution: Design of member (FI)
-SAP 2000 Solution:

## -Axial Force Diagram:

-SAP 2000 Solution:
-Design Sections as (CHS):
-SAP 2000 Solution:
-Design Sections as (UKA):
-Tutorial 2: Plane Truss
Exercise 2:

## -Assume welded connections.

-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)
-Manual Solution: : Design of member (AB)
-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)
-Manual Solution: Design of member (AB)
-SAP 2000 Solution:

## -Axial Force Diagram:

-SAP 2000 Solution:
-Design Sections:
Session 3

Tutorials (3-4)
Tutorial 3

2D Frame Analysis
-Tutorial 3: 2D Frame Analysis

## -Design a bracing member as RHS section.

-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)
-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)
-Manual Solution: Design of member (HG)
-SAP 2000 Solution: Axial force diagram
-SAP 2000 Solution: Design sections
Tutorial 4

## Steel and concrete framed structure

-Tutorial 4: Introduction
-Tutorial 4: Introduction
-Tutorial 4: Introduction
-Tutorial 4: Introduction
-Tutorial 4: Introduction
-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed structure

## -Check beams capacity for bending.

-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed building

-Plan view

.
-Tutorial 4: Steel and concrete framed building

-Typical Section:

## -3D Side View

-Manual Solution: Beam (A3-B3)
-Manual Solution: Beam (B5-9)
-Manual Solution: Column (B5)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (A3-B3)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)
-Manual Solution: Design of beam (B5-9)
-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)
-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)
-Manual Solution: Design of column (B5)
-SAP 2000 Solution: Analysis results

Secondary Beam
(A3-B3)

Main Beam
(B5-9)

Column (B5)
-SAP 2000 Solution: Beam design sections
-SAP 2000 Solution: Columns design sections
Session 4

Tutorial (5)
Tutorial 5

## Truss bridge analysis

-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis
-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis
-Tutorial 5: Truss bridge analysis
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-Manual Solution:
-SAP 2000 Solution: Bridge 3D model
-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Static Load Case

Support reactions

## Axial force diagram

-SAP 2000 Solution: Design check

Capacity ratios
-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Moving Load Case.

## Envelope Axial Force diagram

-SAP 2000 Solution: Using Moving Load Case.

Capacity ratios
-SAP 2000 Solution: Static vs Dynamic

## Capacity ratios (Dynamic)

Session 5

-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000
Structural Layout drawing
-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000
Finite Element Model
-Part 1: Import CAD drawing to SAP 2000
Save as DXF File
-Part 1: Import dxf file to SAP 2000
Import DXF file to SAP 2000
-Part 1: Import dxf file to SAP 2000
Convert to SAP structure model
-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file
SAP 2000 3D Model
-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file
-Part 2: Export SAP 2000 model to CAD file
References:

SAP2000, C.S.I., 2013. Computers and Structures Inc. Berkeley, CA, USA.

CSI, S., 1996. Integrated Finite Element Analysis and Design of Structures.
Computers and Structures, Inc., Berkeley, California.

## Wilson, E.L. and Habibullah, A., 1998. SAP2000structural analysis users

manual. Computers and Structures, Inc.