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# MATHS R EV IS I ON!

L M AHMOOD ! P P NO . 2
DONE BY AMA
WHAT IS ALGEBRA?
ALGEBRA IS A BRANCH OF MATHEMATICS DEALING WITH SYMBOLS AND THE RULES FOR
MANIPULATING THOSE SYMBOLS. IN ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA, THOSE SYMBOLS (TODAY
WRITTEN AS LATIN AND GREEK LETTERS) REPRESENT QUANTITIES WITHOUT FIXED
VALUES, KNOWN AS VARIABLES. JUST AS SENTENCES DESCRIBE RELATIONSHIPS
BETWEEN SPECIFIC WORDS, IN ALGEBRA, EQUATIONS DESCRIBE RELATIONSHIPS
BETWEEN VARIABLES.

## HOW TO WORK OUT ALGEBRA EQUATIONS!

Linear equations with variables on both sides. Learn how to solve linear
equations that have the variable on both sides of the equation. For example,
solve 2x+5=6x-3. Why we do the same thing to both sides: Variable on both
sides. Intro to equations with variables on both sides.
REARRANGING AND SOLVING EQUATIONS!
WHATEVER YOU DO TO ONE SIDE OF THE EQUATION, YOU MUST DO THE SAME TO THE OTHER. THAT WAY YOU
PRESERVE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEM. IT DOESNT MATTER WHAT YOU DO, WHETHER ITS TAKE AWAY
2, ADD 57, OR MULTIPLY BY 150. AS LONG AS YOU DO IT TO BOTH SIDES, THE EQUATION REMAINS CORRECT.

OUR PAGE ON ADDITION EXPLAINS THAT IT DOESNT MATTER WHAT ORDER YOU ADD IN, THE ANSWER IS STILL
THE SAME. THIS MEANS THAT YOU CAN MOVE THE SUM ABOUT TO PUT THE LIKE TERMS TOGETHER AND MAKE
IT EASIER TO ADD UP. THIS APPLIES TO SUBTRACTION TOO AS LONG AS YOU REMEMBER FROM OUR PAGE ON
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE NUMBERS THAT SUBTRACTING IS THE SAME AS ADDING A NEGATIVE NUMBER. SO,
FOR EXAMPLE, 10 3 = 10 + (-3).

EQUATIONS WORK ACCORDING TO BODMAS TOO, SO REMEMBER TO DO THE SUM IN THE RIGHT ORDER.
ALWAYS GET YOUR EQUATION INTO THE SIMPLEST POSSIBLE FORM: MULTIPLY OUT BRACKETS, DIVIDE DOWN,
CANCEL OUT FRACTIONS, AND ADD/SUBTRACT ALL THE LIKE TERMS.