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The adjective is a part of the sentence or class of word that complements a noun to
qualify it; Expresses characteristics or properties attributed to a noun, whether concrete
(perceptible by the senses, as in the green book or the big book) or abstract (cognizable
by the mind, as in the difficult book). These adjectives accompany the noun (book, book)
and fulfill the function of specifying or highlighting some of its characteristics.

In traditional grammar one used to distinguish between adjectives and

determinative adjectives; However currently for the latter is usually used the word
determinant while the word adjective is reserved for adjectives qualifying.


An adverb is a word that complements a verb, an adjective, other adverbs and

even sentences. Adverbs express circumstances, such as mode, place, time, quantity,
affirmation, doubt, etc., answering questions such as when, where ?, how ?, how ?, among
others. This function is called adverbial function, and can be carried out by isolated words
(adverbs) or by groups of two or more words (adverbial phrases).

Some of the words considered by pre-scientific grammar as adverbs can be

considered in separate categories. For example, adverbs of location, mode and quantity
seem to form a natural class, but other adverbs ("epistemic", "adverbs of negation") seem
to form a separate class from the syntactic point of view.


The prefix is a morpheme of the class of affixes that prefers to a root, lexeme or
lexical base to form a lexical form with different meaning (derivative prefix) or that
expresses different grammatical categories (prefix flexivo).

For example, the prefix re- generated, for example: rising, lie, review, etc. In
Spanish, all prefixes are derivative, as above, and there is no inflections prefixes.
However, in some languages prefixes are almost exclusively inflections, as in many
subgroups of nigerocongoleses languages and in some languages e.

A suffix is a type of morpheme or affix that is added after the lexeme, root or theme
of a word

Suffixes can be derivative or flexible. In most languages, derivatives precede

flexible ones, since derivatives tend to be closer to the root. In a flexive language, many
words may consist of a root plus a certain number of derivative suffixes, and possibly
some or other flexible suffixes, although, all languages have some invariable words formed
by a single morpheme.





Profesor: Bachileres:

Anmy Veracierta Hernandez Jesus

Zambrano Yunielennys

Contaduria Publica

Uracoa, Mayo 2017


It is called suffix to the derivative morpheme of the languages or affix that is added
after the lexeme, root or theme of a word and before the constitutive morphemes to add to
it a suplemetaria imfomarcin. The new word thus formed is called the derived word, and
the mechanism by which the derivation is made.

Suffixes are letters that are added to a root to form a word. In our language, most of
the suffixes are of Latin or Greek origin and are essential for the integration of almost all
the words that belong to the Spanish language.

The Prefix is a derivative morpheme of the class of affixes that prefers to a root,
lexeme or lexical base to form a different meaning, denominated derivative word. Thus, the
prefix "re" generates: re-birth, re-fall, re-pass, etc. This process to create new words or
neologisms is known within the grammar and auxiliary science of the same called
morphology as a prefixation, and is a class of derivation. In Spanish, prefixes generally
come from ancient Latin or Greek prepositions. What I will say is that a prefix is the
syllable or word that precedes the root of a word, to form another word with another similar

Prefixes are placed before the root of the word and form compound words. When
you write them, a hyphen is used after the prefix indicating that something follows after it.


Adverbs serve to indicate circumstances of the verb.

It is a kind of word endowed with meaning that modifies a verb, an adjective or

another adverb.
They are words without variation of gender, number, person or time, which express
well circumstances of place, time, mode or quantity; Or express denial, affirmation or

The adverb is invariable, because it does not admit number or gender morphemes



Introduccion 3
Desarrollo 4,5

Conclusion 6