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PHARMACOGNOSY LAB

COMPILATION OF ALKALOIDS (Under Ms. Dela Cruz and Mr. Llena)


3FPH 2018

PYRIDINE- PIPERIDINE ALKALOIDS


NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Sibakong Andarayan Rauwolfia Reserpine treat Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Banogan amsoniaefolia hypertension Antihypertensive
Apocynaceae
Areca Bunga Areca catechu Arecoline (liquid) Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Betel nut/palm Arecaceae Guvacine Anthelminthic , Masticatory
Pandakaki Banana bush Taebernamontana Vogacangine Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Cataplasm to
Windmill bush pandacaqui induce menstruation
Apocynaceae Traditional: For swellings
Batino Devil tree Alstonia macrophylla Macralstonine Traditional: For bruises, sprains, contusions
Hard alstonia Apocynaceae Macralstonidine Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Febrifuge,
tonic
Papaya Pawpaw tree Carica papaya Papain- Digestive aid/ Medicinal: treating gastrointestinal tract
Caricaceae for dyspepsia disorders, intestinal parasite infections,
Carpine-epilepsy Traditional: sedative , diuretic
Niog-niogan Rangoon creeper Quisqualis indica Quisqualic acid - Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Chinese Combretaceae causes excitotoxicity Anthelminthic ,Purgative
honeysuckle
Makahiya Humble plant Mimosa pudica Mimosine Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Anthelminthic,
Sensitive plant Fabaceae Antineoplastic
Traditional: expectorant
Ipil-ipil Lead tree Leucaena glauca Mimosine Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Santa Elena Fabaceae Anthelminthic
Paminta Malisa Piper nigrum Piperine- Increases Traditional: food preservation
Black pepper Piperaceae saliva secretion
Piperitine - Condiment
Granada Pomegranate Punica granatum Pelletierine Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Cartegenian Punicaceae Anthelminthic
apple
Tabako Tobacco Nicotiana tabacum Nicotine - aid in Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: for smoking
Solanaceae smoking cessation cessation, Sedative

TROPANE ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Angels Trumpet Brugmansia Hyoscyamine - treat Pharmaceutical :Source of tropane alkaloids
Trumpet Tropmeta suaveolense Datura cramps and irritable Traditional: Poultice for boils
arborea bowel syndrome
Solanaceae
Belladonna Deadly Atropa belladonna Scopoletin - treat Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Anti muscarinic/
nightshade Solanaceae bronchial illnesses and Para sympatholytic
asthma Antispasmodic
Hyoscyamu Henbane Hyoscyamus niger Scopolamine- relieve Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
s Stinking Solanaceae nausea, vomiting, and For urinary tract spasms
Nightshade dizziness associated Antivertigo
with motion sickness
Stramonium Jimson weed Datura stramonium Hyoscine- direct Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Jamestown weed Solanaceae relaxant of smooth Antiasthma cigarettes
muscle Disorders of ANS
Talumpunay Katsobong Datura alba Atropine- antidote for Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Talongpunay D. metel organophosphate Antiasthma cigarettes
D. fastuosa poisoning Antispasmodic
Solanaceae
Coca Spadic bush Erythoxylum coca Cocaine- local Traditional: Stimulant, addictive
Cuca E. truxillense anesthetic Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:Local
Divine plant of Erythoxylaceae anesthetic ,Masticatory
PHARMACOGNOSY LAB
COMPILATION OF ALKALOIDS (Under Ms. Dela Cruz and Mr. Llena)
3FPH 2018

Incas

QUINOLINE ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Dita Tagitan Alstonia scholaris Ditaine Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Dalipaoen Apocynaceae Ditamine Effective substitute for quinine
Equitine Antipyretic
(anti cataract activity)
Cinchona Red cinchona Cinchona succiruba C. Quinine - treat malaria Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Yellow cinchona calisaya and babesiosis Antimalarial
Rubiaceae Quinidine - treat severe Prophylaxis of cardiac arrhythmias/ atrial
falciparum malaria fibrillation
Lunas Apdong-kahoi Lunasia amara Lunasin Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Santiki Rutaceae Lunacrin For stomach problems, gastralgia
Snakebite antidote

ISOQUINOLINE ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Anonas Custard apple Annona reticulate Tannic acid - used for Traditional : Dysentery
Annonaceae poisoning. Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Anthelminthic
Atis Sugar apple Annona squamosa Higenamine- fat burner Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Cardiotonic
Annonaceae Precursor of other isoquinolines
Guyabano Sour sop Annona muricata Alkaloids- muscle Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Annonaceae relaxant Astringent , Antihelminthic

Kasubha Safflower Carthamus tinctorius Carthamin - red textile Traditional: Colorant


Asteraceae dye
Dapdap Indian coral tree Erythrina variegata Erythrinine Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Tigers claw var. orientalis Antirheumatic
Fabaceae
Makabuhay Heavenly elixir Tinospora rumphii Columbine Traditional : Insecticidal
Menispermaceae Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Febrifuge,
antimalarial
Suma Abutra Arcangelisa flava Berberine- antibacterial Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Yellow-fruit Menispermaceae Antimicrobial, Febrifuge
moonseed
Luyang Turmeric Curcuma longa Curcumin orange red Traditional: Dyeing , For curry powder
Dilaw Indian saffron Zingiberaceae color Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal: Antimicrobial,
anti-inflammatory

INDOLE ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Nux vomica Quaker/ dog Strychnos nux-vomica Strychnine Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
button Poison Loganiaceae Brucine Formerly used as circulator stimulant,
nut Loganin rat poison Respiratory stimulant,
Barbiturate antidote
Ignatia St. Ignatius bean Strychnos ignatii Strychnine Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Catbalogan Loganiaceae Brucine Same use as nux vomica/ Do not
substitute
PHARMACOGNOSY LAB
COMPILATION OF ALKALOIDS (Under Ms. Dela Cruz and Mr. Llena)
3FPH 2018

Used in poison arrows

Ergot Spurred rye Claviceps purpurea Ergometrine- cause Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Cockspur rye Secale cereal contractions of the Used in labor to assist delivery, reduce
Rye smut Poaceae uterus post-partum hemorrhage
Ergotamine - treat a
migraine type
headache
Calabar Ordeal Bean Physostigma Physostigmine- treat Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
bean Physostigma venenosum glaucoma Miotic , For Alzheimers
Fabaceae
Catharanthu Tsitsirika Catharanthus roseus Vincarosin- cardiac Traditional /Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
s Apocynaceae poison Antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral.

IMIDAZOLE ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS
SYNONYMS W/ USE
Pilocarpus Jaborandi Pilocarpous jaborandi Pilocarpine - cholinergic Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
ibiratay P. microphyllus agonist Antidote for atropine poisoning
Arauda brava P. pinnatifolius Miosis
Rutaceae

STEROIDAL ALKALOIDS
NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Laniting Pasnit Kickxia blancoi ---- Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
gubat Ayete Apocynaceae Medicinal:
Abortifacient
Fish-poison
Kamatis Tomato Lycopersicum Lycopene- prevent Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
esculentum heart disease Antioxidant
Solanaceae
Talong pipit Indian Solanum indicum Solanine - treatment of Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
nightshade Solanaceae epilepsy and asthma Medicinal:
African eggplant Aphrodisiac Tonic, laxative
Talong susu Mickey-mouse Solanum Choline- for hepatitis Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
plant mammosum Trigonelline- treatment Medicinal:
Nipple fruit Solanaceae of diabetes For hemorrhoids
Lubi lubi Deadly Solanum nigrum Solanine - treatment of Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Nightshade Konti Solanaceae epilepsy and asthma Medicinal:
Analgesic
Antispasmodic
Patatas Potato Solanum tuberosum Solanine - treatment of Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Solanaceae epilepsy and asthma Medicinal:
Antiscorbutic
Diuretic
Veratrum American/ Green Veratrum viride Cevadine Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
viride Hellebore Liliaceae Pseudojervine Hypotensive, cardiac depressant, sedative
Tickleweed
Aconite Monkshood Acontium napellus Aconitine- antipyretic Traditional :Potent, quick-acting
Soldiers cap Ranunculaceae and analgesic poison
Neoline- for infections Pharmaceutical/ Medicinal:
Hypotensive
Formerly used in liniment for migraine,
headache
PHARMACOGNOSY LAB
COMPILATION OF ALKALOIDS (Under Ms. Dela Cruz and Mr. Llena)
3FPH 2018

ALKALOIDAL AMINE ALKALOIDS


NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Colchicum Autumn crocus Colchicum autumnale Colchicine - Anti gout Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Meadow saffron Liliaceae Medicinal:
Naked lady Anti-miotic
used to treat arthritis

PURINE/ XANTHINE ALKALOIDS


NAME COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME ACTIVE USES
NAMES OR FAMILY CONSTITUENTS W/
SYNONYMS USE
Coffee Caf Coffea arabica C. Caffeine- improve Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Coffee bean/ liberica Rubiaceae mental alertness Medicinal:
seed Trigonelline - aroma Dietetic, stimulant
Diuretic
Treatment of CNS depressants
Kola Bitchy/ Bissy nut Kola nitida Kolatannin Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Kola nut Sterculiaceae Medicinal:
Stimulant in fatigue ingredient in
carbonated beverages
Mild chronotropic
Cacao Chocolate Theobroma cacao Theobromine - Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Cocoa bean Sterculiaceae vasodilator Medicinal:
Weak stimulant, potent diuretic Smooth
muscle relaxant, antioxidant
Tea Tsha Camellia sinensis Theophylline- Traditional /Pharmaceutical/
Thea Theaceae bronchodilator Medicinal: Stimulant ,Astringent
,antioxidant

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