Alya Dliya Adara

Mr. Robert Labrie
Sekolah HighScope Indonesia
May 8, 2017

THE LIBERATOR “TO THE PUBLIC”

William Lloyd Garrison who was a son of merchant sailing master, was born
in Newburyport, Massachusetts in 1805. William childhood was far from
pleasant, known that due to the congress act in 1807, there is a large
measure to the Embargo Act. And this hit his family hard, and not only
because of the congress, a year later his father left the family and forcing
him to work by selling homemade molasses candy and delivering wood.

Having a hard time during his childhood, didn’t affect him, in fact, in 1818
William began work for Newburyport Herald as a writer and editor. At the
end, this jobs and a successive newspaper jobs gave him what he really need
to developed his skill that later became his career. Aside than work as a
writer and editor, William also joined the Abolition Movement when he was
25, that later on he become associated with the American Colonization
Society.

Focusing on giving freedom to the slaves, William step down from the
American Colonization Society in 1830, because of the dark truth behind the
organization. At the same time, William was co-working with as an editor for
the antislavery paper with Benjamin Lundy, The Genius of Universal
Emancipation. And a year later, William began his own issue published in
January, “The Liberator”

Focusing on his first issue that being published, “The Liberator” the famous
word was, “I Am in earnest – I will not equivocate – I will not excuse – I will
not retreat a single inch – AND I WILL BE HEARD.” This also marks as the
medium of William as he become more aware to the issue, that later on,
William was the voice of abolitionism.

Aside from becoming a voice to the antislavery, “The Liberator” gave William
a hard time over time years as he involved in the fight to end slavery years
after the publication. Then the main reason that “The Liberator” was success
was by the free slaves (African-American) that subscribed.

After over the years strive for ending the slavery. The work was pay off, 34
years after the publication of “The Liberator” William live long enough to see
the 13th amendment to the constitution gave results by banning slavery
forever.

Not only understanding the point of the text, and so the writer behind it but
also the text is a great example to observing the use of 19 th century rhetoric
technique. In the text, I’ve found three usages of the 19 th century rhetoric
technique, which are Anaphora, Erotema, and Polyptoton.

The first rhetoric technique was Anaphora, defines as the repetition of a word
or phrases at the beginning of a successive clauses. The use of anaphora
was found in paragraph 2, which, “Let southern oppressors tremble – let their
secret abettors tremble – let their northern apologists tremble – let all the
enemies of the persecuted blacks tremble.” After observing the use of the
Anaphora in the text, I found it’s quite effective, as we can see it combine
the writer’s temper about the slaves.

The second rhetoric technique was Erotema, defines as a question that is ked
without expecting an answer; a rhetorical question. The use of erotema was
found in paragraph 5, which, “I am aware, that many object to the severity of
my language; but is there not cause for severity?” After observing the use of
the erotema in the text, I found it’s quite effective, this because we can see
what’s the writer question but yet he knows the answer but seems that he
was confuse.

The last rhetoric technique was polyptoton, defines as the rhetorical
repetition of a word in different case, inflection, or voice in the same
sentence. The use of polyptoton was found in paragraph 5, which “Tell a man
whose house on fire, to give a moderate alarm; tell him to moderately rescue
his wife from the hand of the ravisher.” After observing the use of polyptoton
in the text, I still can’t decide whether it was effective or not, because I look
polyptoton as a way to emphasize the core of the sentence.

After reading and understanding the text “The Liberator” I found two
conclusion of the text. First of all, using a 19th century rhetoric technique
didn’t determine whether it will help the effectiveness of the reading and
delivering the sentence or it may confuse the reader. Yet in the case, using
some of the rhetoric technique gave the writer a chance to emphasize the
point of the text.

Aside of the 19th century rhetoric technique, the William Garrison published
about the slaves, was a strong input, he clearly opens a wider perspective on
how slavery was ruthless and yet the attitude of peoples, yet were not
helping at all. Also we can see how a text can change the state of affairs. In
the end, the text can help both understanding 19 th century rhetoric
technique and the situation during 19th century at the same time.
Citation:

"William Lloyd Garrison." PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 11 May
2017.

"William Lloyd Garrison and The Liberator." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall
Association, n.d. Web. 11 May 2017.

"The Liberator. "To the Public"." PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web.
11 May 2017.