Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sixth Committee
Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflicts

During the first eight months of 2014 in Iraq, a total of 24,015 had been harmed—8,400 were
killed and 15,782 were injured. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is known as the law of
armed conflict that protects civilians and non-combatants. It is divided into two set of laws, the
Law of Geneva, and the Law of The Hague. The Hague pertains to the limitations that
combatants should observe. The Law of Geneva pertains to the treatment of combatants towards
the civilians, humanitarian workers, and incapacitated combatants Moreover, the First Geneva
Convention laid out policies in protecting civilians, humanitarian workers, and incapacitated
combatants while the Third Geneva Convention differentiated civilians from combatants. The
General Assembly, through the adoption of Resolution 60/147, obligated Member States to
incorporate the concepts of IHL into their domestic statutes. Non-state actors such as the Private
Military Security Companies are considered as threats since if they violate IHL, there is no legal
force that would bind them to accountability.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a State Party to the 1949 Geneva Convention in total, and its
preceding protocols, and it is also a state party to the 1954 Hague Convention in total too, and its
preceding protocols to better protect civilians. Bosnia and Herzegovina implemented national
policies that would ban the weapons such as cluster munition in their country. As for the Balkan
Conflict that erupted on 1992-1995 and to which Bosnia and Herzegovina had been concerned
with, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia was created to deal with the
violations of IHL due to genocidal acts, and crime against humanity. To control the rising number
of private security companies, Bosnia and Herzegovina together with the assistance of the United
Kingdom, created the Sarajevo Code of Conduct which provides basic standards of service
delivery to all employees in the private security companies towards the civilians. It is stated in
the Sarajevo Code of Conduct that private security companies will not, in every manner, violate
the letter or spirit of national or international laws. Bosnia and Herzegovina values well its
participation in the protection of civilians, humanitarian workers, and incapacitated combatants
in armed conflict. The State ensures that the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina adheres to
the rules and procedure set forth in the conventions, and protocols it agreed with.

Bosnia and Herzegovina requests Member States, United Nations and all of its bodies to enhance
their sense of accountability, to use sanctions against the violators of International Humanitarian
Law. The State calls upon Somalian, Afghan, Libyan, and Syrian government to bind its
combatants into respecting the contents of International Humanitarian Law and its Conventions
by strengthening its institutions, and try to conduct adequate peaceful negotiations with unlawful
combatants. Bosnia and Herzegovina recommends to the United Nation and its bodies to seek
binding and efficient conventions with the Member States in banning weapons of mass
destruction to lessen the endangerment of civilians in armed conflict and for Member States that
hires private military security companies to oblige these non-state actors to respect International
Humanitarian Law by giving them monetary sanctions if they violate conventions and protocols.