RESEARCH PAPER TEMPLATE

North American University
Education Department
M.Ed. in EDLE & CUIN
EDUC 5312: CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN

Name: Mehmet Eraslan Date: 3/12/2017

Instructional Project 3

Directions:

This is a research assignment. Use your textbook, web articles, and NAU library to conduct research
when writing this paper.

Use APA style references and in-text- citations. You need to use at least 3 different resources
besides Castronova (2002), and Moore (2015).

Part 1. DISCOVERY LEARNING:
Download and read the following article:

 Castronova, J. A. (2002). Discovery learning for the 21st century: What is it and how
does it compare to traditional learning in effectiveness in the 21st century. Action
Research Exchange, 1(1), 1-12. Retrived from
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.594.6363&rep=rep1&type=pdf
 After reading this article and conducting additional research, answer to the following
questions.

What is discovery learning?

Discovery learning is based on the student finding things out for themselves. They are looking into the problem

and asking the questions about it. When they see a problem, they are learning how to ask a question about

finding out the solution. After their questions students create, integrate and conclude their knowledge.
How does this form of teaching compare to traditional, teacher-centered instruction?

In discovery learning students are active, but not in traditional one. In discovery learning, learning is process-

based, but fact-based in traditional learning. Failure and feedback is important in discovery learning and

understanding level is high.

What educational theories support the discovery learning model?
1- John Dewey (1916/1997) In Democracy and Education

2- Jean Piaget (1954, 1973) In to Understand is to Invent

3- Lev Vygotsky (Rice & Wilson, 1999) The impact of cultural and social influences on cognitive

development

What is the most important thing you discovered about discovery learning?

To me, the most important thing is that students are in an active learning, not passive. They try to learn by

asking questions about the problem by themselves. This push them to think and be creative.

How can you apply this method to your future classroom?

In my future classroom, I will definitely use this teaching method by hands-on activity. I will start the activity

without giving any information in advance and ask my students the reasons, problems of the experiment. And

then they will answer their own questions and solve the problem or find out solution.

Part 2. ADDITIONAL CHAPTERS
 Select one of the following chapters to conduct research: Chapter 2, 3, 5 or 12. Review
the chapter and respond to related questions for that chapter by conducting your own
research.
Chapter 5- Using Classroom Technology

1. How does technology enhance the teacher’s ability to plan instruction? Use one of the available
search engines to explore the web for technological tools such as lesson planning software,
worksheets and puzzle tools, poster and bulletin board production tools, and time management tools
that will assist you in planning. Share your findings with your class.
2. Technology offers tools that can help students learn. To what technology should students have
access? Do you have any educational concerns about the use of these technologies in schools? If
so, what are they? If not, why not?

Part 3. REFERENCES:
 Cite at least 5 References in APA.
 You need to use at least 3 different resources besides Castronova (2002), and Moore
(2015).
 You may use http://www.citationmachine.net/apa/cite-a-journal for citing your sources
in APA style.

References:

1- Maarif, S. (2016). Improving Junior High School Students' Mathematical Analogical Ability Using
Discovery Learning Method. International Journal Of Research In Education And Science, 2(1), 114-
124.

2- Klahr, D., & Nigam, M. (2004). The equivalence of learning paths in early science instruction: Effects
of direct instruction and discovery learning. Psychological science, 15(10), 661-667.

3- Hammer, D. (1997). Discovery learning and discovery teaching. Cognition and instruction, 15(4), 485-
529.

4- Castronova, J. A. (2002). Discovery learning for the 21st century: What is it and how does it compare
to traditional learning in effectiveness in the 21st century. Action Research Exchange, 1(1), 1-12.