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Alex Ceja


Mrs. Lawler; Period 1

28 April 2017

Women’s Struggle

Men and Women have been treated differently throughout history, from the lack of

women involvement in the creation of the United States Constitution, to not being able to vote

until the 1920’s, to current days with women’s marches and the fight for women’s equality in the

United States. Women have fought for centuries to get rid of inequality by proving they are able

to complete the same things just as well as men. Women have been treated unfairly in the United

States and deserve to be on the same level as men. The issue is caused by societal and economical


People have created a society where the man is seen as more powerful than the woman

and they are seen as less. The “Equal Rights Amendment” was an amendment that was trying to

be passed to help the inequality situation for women. The amendment was never put into effect

demonstrated by the quote, “When the requisite thirty-eight states failed to ratify the amendment

by June 30, 1982, the ERA became the first proposed amendment in post–Civil War constitutional

history to expire after congressional passage.” The amendment was not passed and it expired after

the Congressional Passage. This was the first document to do so and because this document was

not passed, women were not given equality and still had to continue fighting for it for many more

years. Another reason why the amendment was not passed was more conservative States were

worried about traditional men and women's roles and the effect the amendment might have on

that. The South fear is shown in the quote, “Although a majority of Americans supported equality

in principle, many feared changing traditional roles of men and women, especially in families and

within society as a whole. These fears were serious enough to generate opposition in the

conservative southern states that had not ratified the ERA, ultimately causing its defeat.” Many
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Southerners didn't believe in equality but were afraid that the roles of men and women would

change, especially in families. Because of the conservative States fear of change, the amendment

failed to pass. The Amendment could have passed if it wasn't for the southern Society. Society as

a whole could have given passed the amendment, eliminating discrimination to women, but that

was not the case due to people’s fear of change.

Women are seen not equal to men because of society's views on what is normal. The text,

Getting to the root of Gender equality, by Serena Parekh describes the situations that occurs in

trying to get to the origin of gender equality and how men and women are treated differently. The

difference in the social viewings of each of both genders can be shown in the quote, “For

example, for a long time violence against women when not directly state-sponsored (and often

even when it was) was held to be outside the domain of human rights by the international

community. (Parekh) When a wrongdoing was done against a woman, it was seen, by the

community, outside of Human Rights. Many times women were treated unfairly and it was seen

as traditional, meaning that women's rights and by extension human rights were being violated

and no one defended these rights. Further showing women’s discrimination is found in the quote,

“Human rights can be

violated by governments, certainly, and by government agencies and officials, by the general staff

of an army at war and probably also by the leaders of a guerrilla movement or of a large

corporation—but not by a petty criminal or by a violent husband’’. Crimes that are not done by

officials such as government agencies do not count as human violations and also Petty criminals

or violent husbands do not count as an abuse of the woman's right. This favors the men as men

can abuse their spouse and get away with it while the women cannot file an official case against

the man for his abuse and violation of Human Rights. Social views are a big part of women's

inequality. The way Society views people in general can change other people's perspectives but

social norms
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aren't the only thing that cause women's inequality, economic differences between men and

women also causes this discrimination.

Economical class and how much money a woman makes also plays a factor into women's

equality in the workplace. In the article, “ Why women will never become CEOs”, it explains

why a majority of companies have CEOs that are not female and the reasons that contributes to

why this is. A reason why is shown in the quote, “Human rights can be violated by governments,

certainly, and by government agencies and officials, by the general staff of an army at war and

probably also by the leaders of a guerrilla movement or of a large corporation—but not by a petty

criminal or by a violent husband’’. Men don't care about what women have to say or position they

are in, they are seen as sexual objects. Women are not sexual objects, they are people with morals

and goals but that is all irrelevant to men because she is physically attractive. Another quote that

demonstrates women’s discrimination in the workplace is the quote, “ Let’s face it: unless there’s

beer involved, men don’t have many instincts at all. We figure our wives will ultimately handle

these things. And in many cases, they just do.” Men know that women will take care of the

family business. Men don't worry about having to take the kids to daycare or making sure that

they are okay, they know that the women will do that and will give up their career in order to

fulfill that need, making it less likely for a woman to move up in position in the workplace.

Women do what they can but men try to use their mother instincts for the man's benefit in the


Women are not seen as equals to men. They are seen less than men, incapable to do what

man can do. But this is not true as women can do what men are able to do. What brings women

down are norms or views created by Society and economic standpoints.
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Work Cited

Getting to the Root of Gender Inequality

Ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment

Why Most Women will Never become CEO: Gene Marks, October 31, 2011