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APPLICATION OF SWALES’ MODEL IN THE ANALYSIS OF ~- RESRARCH-DAPERS-BY POLISH AUTHORS Zosia Golebiowski ‘This paper reports the investigation of the organisational structure of introductory sections of research papers written by Polish authors in English and Polish. The sim of the study was to test whether in view of cultural differences, reflected in the Anglo- American and Polith intellectual styles, the chetorical pattern of research papers woukd vary between the two cultures, The selected texts were analysed in terma of Swalea’ (Creating a Research Space (CARS) model (Swales 1990). On application of the mode! in the analysis of articles from the English corpus, it was found that it could only be erolayed in very generic mms The snaps ofthe Pl corps revealed thatthe between Anglo-American and Polish schematic patterns was too significant to Joalfy the implemencszion of the samc invexigaive el. Introduction ‘Among analysts who have dealt with the structure of scientific discourse in the English-speaking world, crucial work was carried out by John Swales (1981, 1983, 1984, 1990). On the basis of an analysis of a corpus of 16 articles in each of physics, biology/medicine and social sciences fields, Swales (1981) initially proposed a four-move scheina to describe a rhetorical organisation in research article introductions, In 1990 he revised his model and replaced it with a Create Research Space (CARS) communication move schema. The new model is based on the analysis of 158 article introductions, 48 of Swales'1981 study, and 110 new introductions, drawn from physics and educational journals from the years 1943, 1963 and 1983 (Swales and Najjar 1987). The model consists of the following three communicative moves and steps within them (Gwales 1990:141): MOVE 1: Establishing centrality, Step 1: Claiming centrality, and/or Step 2: ‘Making topic generalisation, and/or Step 3: Reviewing previous research; MOVE 2: Establishing a niche, Step 1A: Counter claiming, or Step 1B: Indicating a gap, or Step 1C; Question arising, or Step 1D; Continuing dition; Copyright (c) 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. Copyright (c) Walter de Gruyter Company