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Sojiwan - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Sojiwan

Coordinates: 74539S 1102945E

Sojiwan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sojiwan (Javanese orthography: Sjiwan, or


sometimes spelled Sajiwan) is a 9th-century
Mahayana Buddhist temple located in Kebon Dalem
Kidul village, Prambanan, Klaten Regency, Central
Java. The temple is located nearly two kilometres
southeast of Prambanan temple. This temple is
among numbers of temples scattered in Prambanan
Plain.

Contents
Sojiwan temple in 2014, after reconstruction
1 History
2 Architecture
3 References
4 Location
5 References
6 See also

History
The Rukam inscription dated 829 Saka (907 CE) currently stored in
National Museum of Indonesia mentioned about the inauguration of
Rukam village restoration by Nini Haji Rakryan Sanjiwana,
previously the village was being devastated by volcanic eruption. In
return, the inhabitant of Rukam village was obliged to take care of a
sacred building located in Limwung. This sacred building was
identified as Sojiwan temple, while the name of the royal patron
mentioned in this inscription: Nini Haji Rakryan Sanjiwana, was
identified as Queen Pramodhawardhani, the temple bears her name
Sajiwan and believed to be dedicated for her. The temple was built
Sojiwan temple, during
between 842 and 850 CE, approximately built in the same era with
reconstruction
Plaosan temple nearby.

Sojiwan temple was rediscovered in 1813 by Colonel Colin Mackenzie, a subordinate of Sir Stamford
Raffles. He examined the archaeological remains around Prambanan plain and rediscovered the ruins of wall
surrounding the temple. The temple was left in ruins for decades until the government launched the
reconstruction effort started in 1996. Since 1999 the temple become the training and education center for
temple reconstruction project. During the reconstruction the excavation discovered wall strudture
surrounding the temple and also stone paved causeway in front of the temple. In 2006 the reconstrustion
project was halted and took a major blow because of earthquake, caused the reconstructed building parts and
scaffolding collapsed. The reconstruction project completed in December 2011, inaugurated by Mari
Pangestu, Indonesian Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy.[1] The reconstruction took 15 years and
8.27 billion rupiah cost.

Architecture

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Sojiwan - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sojiwan

The temple was made of andesite stone, its size, style and form is similar to those of Mendut temple near
Borobudur. The temple complex measures 8,140 square meters, with main building measures 401.3 square
meters and 27 meters high. The base of the temple contains 20 bas-reliefs connected to the Buddhist stories
of Pancatantra or Jatakas from India. From these 20 reliefs 19 remain. The stairway is flanked with two
large makaras. The inner chamber of the temple contains two niches and lotus pedestals, originally host
buddha and boddhisattva statues. However currently the chamber is empty. The temples roof took form of
stepped pyramid crowned with stupas.

During restoration project the excavation works discovered two rows of walls surrounding the temple,
located 14 meters and 30 meters from the main temple. Other discovery includes paved pathways, stairs and
temple stone block fragments surrounding main temple, suggested that Sojiwan was a temple complex, there
were perwara temples (lesser complementary temples) once stood within the temple complex.[2]

References
Jan Rambout van Blom, 1935, Tjandi Sadjiwan. Leiden-Amsterdam: Stenfert Kroese.
Marijke Klokke, 1993, The Tantri Reliefs on Ancient Javanese Candi. Leiden: KITLV Press. ISBN
90-6718-054-8.

Location
from wikimapia (http://wikimapia.org/#lat=-7.760788&lon=110.496197&z=18&l=0&m=a&v=2)

References
1. "Hari Ini Mari Elka Pangestu Resmikan Candi Sojiwan". tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). Tribun Jateng News.
16 December 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
2. "BP3: diperkirakan ada situs sekitar Candi Sojiwan". antaranews.com (in Indonesian). Antara News. Retrieved
7 July 2013.

See also
Candi of Indonesia
Wikimedia Commons has
media related to Sojiwan.
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Categories: Buddhist temples in Indonesia Archaeological sites in Indonesia Prambanan


Medang Kingdom Cultural Properties of Indonesia in Central Java Places of worship in Central Java

This page was last edited on 29 April 2016, at 08:21.


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