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Section 5.

3 Zeros of the Quadratic 473

5.3 Exercises

In Exercises 1-8, factor the given qua- In Exercises 17-22, perform each of the
dratic polynomial. following tasks for the quadratic func-
tions.
1. x2 + 9x + 14
i. Load the function into Y1 of the Y= of
2. x2 + 6x + 5 your graphing calculator. Adjust the
window parameters so that the vertex
3. x2 + 10x + 9 is visible in the viewing window.
ii. Set up a coordinate system on your
4. x2 + 4x 21 homework paper. Label and scale each
axis with xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax.
5. x2 4x 5 Make a reasonable copy of the image
in the viewing window of your calcu-
6. x2 + 7x 8 lator on this coordinate system and
label it with its equation.
7. x2 7x + 12 iii. Use the zero utility on your graph-
ing calculator to find the zeros of the
8. x2 + 5x 24 function. Use these results to plot
the x-intercepts on your coordinate
In Exercises 9-16, find the zeros of the system and label them with their co-
given quadratic function. ordinates.
iv. Use a strictly algebraic technique (no
9. f (x) = x2 2x 15 calculator) to find the zeros of the
given quadratic function. Show your
10. f (x) = x2 + 4x 32 work next to your coordinate system.
Be stubborn! Work the problem until
11. f (x) = x2 + 10x 39 your algebraic and graphically zeros
are a reasonable match.
12. f (x) = x2 + 4x 45
17. f (x) = x2 + 5x 14
13. f (x) = x2 14x + 40
18. f (x) = x2 + x 20
14. f (x) = x2 5x 14
19. f (x) = x2 + 3x + 18
15. f (x) = x2 + 9x 36
20. f (x) = x2 + 3x + 40
16. f (x) = x2 + 11x 26
21. f (x) = x2 16x 36

22. f (x) = x2 + 4x 96

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Version: Fall 2007


474 Chapter 5 Quadratic Functions

In Exercises 23-30, perform each of the 30. f (x) = x2 8x + 20


following tasks for the given quadratic
function. In Exercises 31-38, factor the given qua-
i. Set up a coordinate system on graph dratic polynomial.
paper. Label and scale each axis. Re-
31. 42x2 + 5x 2
member to draw all lines with a ruler.
ii. Use the technique of completing the
32. 3x2 + 7x 20
square to place the quadratic func-
tion in vertex form. Plot the vertex
33. 5x2 19x + 12
on your coordinate system and label
it with its coordinates. Draw the axis 34. 54x2 3x 1
of symmetry on your coordinate sys-
tem and label it with its equation. 35. 4x2 + 9x 5
iii. Use a strictly algebraic technique (no
calculators) to find the x-intercepts 36. 3x2 5x 12
of the graph of the given quadratic
function. Plot them on your coor- 37. 2x2 3x 35
dinate system and label them with
their coordinates. 38. 6x2 + 25x + 9
iv. Find the y-intercept of the graph of
the quadratic function. Plot the y-
In Exercises 39-46, find the zeros of
intercept on your coordinate system
the given quadratic functions.
and its mirror image across the axis
of symmetry, then label these points 39. f (x) = 2x2 3x 20
with their coordinates.
v. Using all the information plotted, draw 40. f (x) = 2x2 7x 30
the graph of the quadratic function
and label it with the vertex form of 41. f (x) = 2x2 + x + 28
its equation. Use interval notation to
describe the domain and range of the 42. f (x) = 2x2 + 15x 22
quadratic function.
43. f (x) = 3x2 20x + 12
23. f (x) = x2 + 2x 8
44. f (x) = 4x2 + 11x 20
24. f (x) = x2 6x + 8
45. f (x) = 4x2 + 4x + 15
25. f (x) = x2 + 4x 12
46. f (x) = 6x2 x + 12
26. f (x) = x2 + 8x + 12

27. f (x) = x2 2x + 8

28. f (x) = x2 2x + 24

29. f (x) = x2 8x + 48

Version: Fall 2007


Section 5.3 Zeros of the Quadratic 475

In Exercises 47-52, perform each of the member to draw all lines with a ruler.
following tasks for the given quadratic ii. Use the technique of completing the
functions. square to place the quadratic func-
tion in vertex form. Plot the vertex
i. Load the function into Y1 of the Y= of on your coordinate system and label
your graphing calculator. Adjust the it with its coordinates. Draw the axis
window parameters so that the vertex of symmetry on your coordinate sys-
is visible in the viewing window. tem and label it with its equation.
ii. Set up a coordinate system on your iii. Use a strictly algebraic method (no
homework paper. Label and scale each calculators) to find the x-intercepts
axis with xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax. of the graph of the quadratic func-
Make a reasonable copy of the image tion. Plot them on your coordinate
in the viewing window of your calcu- system and label them with their co-
lator on this coordinate system and ordinates.
label it with its equation. iv. Find the y-intercept of the graph of
iii. Use the zero utility on your graph- the quadratic function. Plot the y-
ing calculator to find the zeros of the intercept on your coordinate system
function. Use these results to plot and its mirror image across the axis
the x-intercepts on your coordinate of symmetry, then label these points
system and label them with their co- with their coordinates.
ordinates. v. Using all the information plotted, draw
iv. Use a strictly algebraic technique (no the graph of the quadratic function
calculator) to find the zeros of the and label it with the vertex form of
given quadratic function. Show your its equation. Use interval notation to
work next to your coordinate system. describe the domain and range of the
Be stubborn! Work the problem until quadratic function.
your algebraic and graphically zeros
are a reasonable match. 53. f (x) = 2x2 8x 24
47. f (x) = 2x2 + 3x 35 54. f (x) = 2x2 4x 6
48. f (x) = 2x2 5x 42 55. f (x) = 2x2 4x + 16
49. f (x) = 2x2 + 5x + 33
56. f (x) = 2x2 16x + 40
50. f (x) = 2x2 5x + 52
57. f (x) = 3x2 + 18x 48
51. f (x) = 4x2 24x 13
58. f (x) = 3x2 + 18x 216
52. f (x) = 4x2 + 24x 45
59. f (x) = 2x2 + 10x 48
In Exercises 53-60, perform each of the 60. f (x) = 2x2 10x 100
following tasks for the given quadratic
functions.

i. Set up a coordinate system on graph


paper. Label and scale each axis. Re-

Version: Fall 2007


476 Chapter 5 Quadratic Functions

In Exercises 61-66, Use the graph of 64.


f (x) = ax2 + bx + c shown to find all so-
y
lutions of the equation f (x) = 0. (Note: 5
Every solution is an integer.)

61.
y x
5 5

x
5
65.
y
5

62.
y x
5 5

x
5
66.
y
5

63.
y x
5 5

x
5

Version: Fall 2007


Section 5.3 Zeros of the Quadratic 477

5.3 Answers

1. (x + 2)(x + 7) 19.
y
3. (x + 9)(x + 1) 30

5. (x 5)(x + 1)

7. (x 4)(x 3)
(3,0) (6,0)
x
9. Zeros: x = 3, x = 5 10 10

11. Zeros: x = 13, x = 3

13. Zeros: x = 4, x = 10
30
15. Zeros: x = 12, x = 3 f (x)=x2 +3x+18

17.
21.
2
y f (x)=x 5x14
30 y f (x)=x2 16x36
100

10
x 10
(7,0) (2,0) 10 x
(2,0) (18,0) 30

30
100

Version: Fall 2007


478 Chapter 5 Quadratic Functions

23. Domain = (, ), 27. Domain = (, ),


Range = [9, ) Range = (, 9]
y y
10 f (x)=(x+1)2 9 20
x=1
(1,9)
(2,8) (0,8)

(4,0) (2,0)
x x
(4,0) (2,0) 10 10

x=1
(2,8) (0,8)
(1,9) f (x)=(x+1)2 +9

25. Domain = (, ), 29. Domain = (, ),


Range = [16, ) Range = (, 64]
y y
20 f (x)=(x+2)2 16 100
x=2
(4,64)

(8,48) (0,48)

(12,0) (4,0)
x x
(6,0) (2,0) 10 20

(4,12) (0,12)
x=4
(2,16)
f (x)=(x+4)2 +64

31. (7x + 2)(6x 1)

33. (x 3)(5x 4)

35. (4x 5)(x + 1)

37. (2x + 7)(x 5)

39. Zeros: x = 5/2, x = 4

41. Zeros: x = 7/2, x = 4

43. Zeros: x = 2/3, x = 6

Version: Fall 2007


Section 5.3 Zeros of the Quadratic 479

45. Zeros: x = 3/2, x = 5/2 51.


y f (x)=4x2 24x13
47. 100

y f (x)=2x2 +3x35
50

10 10
x
(0.5,0) (6.5,0)
10
x
(5,0) (3.5,0) 10

100

50 53. Domain = (, ),
Range = [32, )
49. y f (x)=2(x2)2 32
50
y x=2
50

x
(2,0) (6,0) 10
(3,0) (5.5,0)
x
10 10
(0,24) (4,24)

(2,32)

50
f (x)=2x2 +5x+33 55. Domain = (, ),
Range = (, 18]
y
(1,18)20
(2,16) (0,16)

(4,0) (2,0)
x
10

x=1
f (x)=2(x+1)2 +18

Version: Fall 2007


480 Chapter 5 Quadratic Functions

57. Domain = (, ), 61. 2, 3


Range = [75, )
63. 3, 0
y
100 f (x)=3(x+3)2 75
65. 3, 0

x
(8,0) (2,0) 20

(6,48) (0,48)

(3,75)
x=3

59. Domain = (, ),
Range = [121/2, )
y
100 f (x)=2(x+5/2)2 121/2

x=5/2

x
(8,0) (3,0) 20

(5,48) (0,48)
(5/2,121/2)

Version: Fall 2007