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Bab

6
Sumber: Physics Today, 1989
Generator listrik mampu mengubah energi kinetik menjadi energi listrik
melalui proses induksi elektromagnetik.

Induksi
Elektromagnetik
Hasil yang harus Anda capai:

menerapkan konsep kelistrikan dan kemagnetan dalam berbagai penyelesaian
masalah dan produk teknologi.

Setelah mempelajari bab ini, Anda harus mampu:

memformulasikan konsep induksi Faraday dan arus bolak-balik, keterkaitannya,
serta aplikasinya.

)14112>41C5<18=5=@5<1:1A9=541>=17>5CG1>749C9=2D<;1> A. Gejala Induksi
?<58 ;1F1C 25A1ADB <9BCA9; 5:1<1 9>9 C5<18 491=1C9 ?<58 *. $-%./%*
Elektromagnetik 
"-./"! @141   -18D;18 >41 218F1 @5AD2181> =541> =17>5C
41@1C =5>9=2D<;1> 1ADB <9BCA9; B. Aplikasi Induksi
5:1<1 9>9 49=1>611C;1> D>CD; =5>781B9<;1> <9BCA9; G1>7 497D>1;1> Elektromagnetik
D>CD; 25A21719 ;5@5A<D1> ,521719 3?>C?8 B5@5AC9 C1=@1; @141 71=21A
B52D18 75>5A1C?A A1;B1B1 497D>1;1> B521719 BD=25A <9BCA9; 5>5A1C?A
Faraday
9>9 =5=1>611C;1> 75:1<1 9>4D;B9 5<5;CA?=17>5C9; @1;18 9>4D;B9 C. Arus dan Tegangan
5<5;CA?=17>5C9; 9CD 41;18 @5=1>611C1> <19> 41A9 9>4D;B9 5<5;CA?=17 Listrik Bolak-balik
>5C9; B5<19> 75>5A1C?A 5B1A1>25B1A1> 1@1 B1:1 G1>7 C5A<921C 41<1=
9>4D;B9 5<5;CA?=17>5C9; #1F121> 1C1B @5AC1>G11>@5AC1>G11> C5AB52DC
41@1C >41 C5=D;1> 41<1= 212 9>9 (<58 ;1A5>1 9CD @5<1:1A9<18 212 9>9
45>71> 219;

Induksi Elektromagnetik 131

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Tes Kompetensi Awal 
""(0))"),"(&-%'+*.",*!0'.%("'/-+)#*"/%''"-&'*($.+(.+("-%'0/!()0'0(/%$* 
)141=1C5A9212B525<D=>G1>41C5<18=5>75>1< C5A:149 :9;1 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 498D2D>7;1> @141 1ADB
(5ABC5445>71>@5>5=D1>>G1C5>C1>71ADB<9BCA9; B51A18
1719=1>1;18 81B9< 5;B@5A9=5>>G1 &D>7;9>;18  -18D;18>4114125A1@1:5>9BCA1>B6?A=1C?A25A
65>?=5>1 ;521<9;1>>G1 C5A:149 ,91@1;18 G1>7 41B1A;1>6D>7B9>G1
=5=2D;C9;1>>G1  @1;18@5A25411>;1@1B9C?A41>9>4D;C?A25A41B1A

 &5>DADC >41 =5>71@1 CA1>B6?A=1C?A B5<1<D 49 ;1>:5>9B1ADBG1>741@1C=5<1<D9>G1
8D2D>7;1>45>71>1ADB2?<1;21<9;@1G1>71;1>

A. Gejala Induksi Elektromagnetik
1. Pengertian Induksi Elektromagnetik
*. $-%./%* "-./"! C5<18 25A81B9< =5=2D;C9;1> 218F1 1ADB
<9BCA9; 41@1C =5>9=2D<;1> =541> =17>5C9; D1 25<1B C18D> ;5=D491>
B5C5<18@5>5=D1>(5ABC54B5?A1>718<969B9;125A>1=1% $"(-!2
1
  J @141  =5<1<D9B5A1>7;191>5;B@5A9=5>G1>749<1;D;1>
>G125A81B9<=5>5=D;1>61;C1;521<9;1>>G1218F1'('!(-#%*-
'(#'.&%(+.,&#,-+#% 5:1<19>949>1=1;1>#(.%,#&%-+)'!(-#%1C1D
2 #',&%-+)'!(-#%1C1DB5A9>7@D<149B52DC#(.%,#

+2)5A81C9;1>
)- 
)- =5>D>:D;;1>@5A1<1C1>B545A81>1B5@5AC9G1>7497D>1
;1> ?<58 % $"( -!2 $5C9;1 21C1>7 =17>5C 4975A1;;1> =5>D:D
3 ;D=@1A1> 41> =5>:1D89 ;D=@1A1> :1AD= 71<E1>?=5C5A 25A75A1; =5
>G9=@1>7 AC9>G1 41<1= ;1F1C @5>781>C1A =5>71<9A 1ADB <9BCA9;
5A41B1A;1> 61;C1 C5AB52DC 41@1C 49B9=@D<;1> 218F1 $#% ,."
Gambar 6.1
Induksi elektromagnetik %.'*+( '(!&'# *+."( $.'&" !+#,!+#, !2 '!(-#%  &.%,
(a) ketika magnet diam, jarum '!(-#% * .$.(!.$.(! %0- %.'*+( -#'.& !2 !+% &#,-+#% !!&
galvanometer juga diam, (b) ketika
magnet dimasukkan ke dalam
#9;1 D:D>7D:D>7 ;D=@1A1> 9>9 498D2D>7;1> 45>71> A1>7;191> C5ACDCD@
kumparan, jarum galvanometer @141 A1>7;191> C5AB52DC 1;1> =5>71<9A 1ADB <9BCA9; ADB G1>7 =5>71<9A
bergerak ke kanan, dan (c) ketika C5AB52DC 49>1=1;1> 1ADB 9>4D;B9 41@D> 77< @141 D:D>7D:D>7 ;1F1C
magnet dikeluarkan dari dalam
kumparan, jarum galvanometer
49B52DC 77< 9>4D;B9
bergerak ke kiri.
Aktivitas Fisika 6.1
Induksi Elektromagnetik
Tujuan Percobaan
Mengamati arus induksi
Alat-Alat Percobaan
1. Kumparan
2. Galvanometer
3. Magnet batang
Langkah-Langkah Percobaan
1. Susunlah peralatan seperti gambar berikut.

magnet kumparan

galvanometer

132 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII

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1>81B9<5. kemudian dekatkan pada kumparan.C?AB52171925A9."( &.%. 7< 9>4D.1 141 @5AD2181> 6<D. Tokoh Catat hasil pengamatan Anda.D=@1A1> berkebangsaan Inggris. Siapkan magnet batang.com 1 $. Hukum Faraday 7< 9>4D. Catat hasil pengamatannya. (1791–1867) 5.'&" &#&#-( %. Gerakkan magnet mendekati kumparan atau masukkan ke dalam kumparan.1> 41A9 @A?B5B 9>4D. Surey.1A5>1   3?B "-. B5<1>7 F1. 2.5=1.9> 25B1A @D<1 77< G1>7 4981B9<.B9 5<5. tepatnya B5=1.B99>9<18G1>7=5>G5212. dan ahli Filsafat 2 . '( '!(- 2(! -+$# # Penemuan ini merupakan kebalikan dari penemuan Oersted.)* 341@1C49>G1C1. lakukan lagi percobaan langkah 2 dan langkah 5. yaitu dari &'%. dan catat hasil pengamatannya. 2.B9 / . Amati jarum galvanometer dan catat hasil pengamatannya.'*+()5A>G1C11>!D. Balikkan polaritas magnet batang. Diamkan magnet batang di dalam kumparan.D=@1A1> 7<9>4D.B =541> =17>5C    49 41<1= .1> 218F1 !2 !+% &#. pada tahun 1971.1>>G1-!2=5>GDBD> Joseph Henry menemukan !D.B9 C9=2D< :9.D= 1A141G !D.DC garis normal   3?B     J. Amati jarum galvanometer dan Michael Faraday catat hasil pengamatannya.1>41<1= medan listrik dapat menghasilkan 25>CD. Ia bersama-sama dengan 5A41B1A.DC arus listrik.B925A71>CD>7.1>41<1= @5AB1=11> 25A9. '( '!(- &' %. #(.5=1. 02 B   :D=<18 <9<9C1> (<58. *+.9> 25B1A @D<1 77< G1>7 4981B9<.B9 4981B9<.(#(! (!( &$. *+.CD B I A   @5AD2181> 6<D. amati jarum galvanometer.B@5A9=5>G1>749<1.# . Gerakkan magnet batang dengan arah menjauhi kumparan atau keluar kumparan.9> 25B1A Michael Faraday adalah seorang ahli <1:D @5AD2181>>G1 B5=1.'*+( . Tulis kesimpulan Anda tentang kegiatan ini. 7.DC Sumber: www. 3. 4.1> lahir di Newington Butts.CA?=17>5C9.D=1A141G9>941@1C49>G1C1. ahli Kimia. @5AB1=11> B521719 25A9.%.5@14161.D. dan diamkan.191> C5ACDCD@ 5B1A>G177<9>4D.-+#% fenomena induksi elektromagnetik.     J  - $5C5A1>71>   77< 9>4D.B9 @141 BD1CD A1>7.%.1>=5>71<9A>G11ADB<9BCA9.allbiographies.B =17>5C9.'*+( . 6. :D=<18 <9<9C1> . 9>4D.9> 21>G1."( &.C?A61.1> Fisika.D= 9>9 G1>7 =5>G1C1.

 02 =. - Gambar 6.D1C =541> =17>5C9.2 $5C5A1>71> Garis-garis gaya magnetik yang  .

 membentuk sudut terhadap garis normal.  <D1B 2941>7 .D=@1A1> =.

COM Sumber buku (bse.  BD4DC 1>C1A1 1A18 9>4D.kemdikbud.B9 41@1C C5A:149 1.B9 1C1D 1ADB 9>4D.go.B9 =17>5C9.)*  3  41@1C 49@181=9 218F1 77< 9>4D.D1C =541> =17>5C9. 2 @5AD2181><D1B2941>7.D=@1A1> 5A41B1A. 41> 1A18 >?A=1< 2941>7 .1> "-.921C 1 @5AD2181> . Induksi Elektromagnetik 133 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.id) .BUKUPAKET.D=@1A1>G1>749C5=2DB?<58=541>=17>5C9.

.D=@1A1>G1>7C5A49A91C1B <9<9C1>1<1= F1.D=@1A1>25A.DA1>741A9K J02 Bagaimana pengaruh perubahan =5>:149.1 untuk Anda .CD  B6<D.1>=5>:1D89. Tantangan Contoh 6.G1>7=5>5=2DB.B=17>5C9.52D18=17>5C4975A1.

D=@1A1> lilitan terhadap ggl induksi? 1 9.  B  .5C18D9    <9<9C1> .K J025A1@177<G1>7499>4D.1>@141D:D>7D:D>7.B9.

K J02JK J02 JK J02     -     02        .

B9.1>141<18 ./   B  #14977<G1>7499>4D.

B9 =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11> 25A9. .1 1A18 9>4D.5 41<1= 2941>7 ./ 3.?>4D. :9.C?A )* =5=25>CD.1F1C C5AB52DC 1. - -1>41>571C96=5>D>:D.1>. . 41> 21C1>7 .CA?=17>5C9.1>C5A:149@5AD2181>71A9B I Q 71G1G1>749<9>7.?>4D.921C@5A75B5A1>21C1>7.1> !D.C?A B x 25A75A1.1> @141 )-   41@1C Gerak elektron dalam batang konduktor bergerak di atas 49C5>CD.1>1A189>4D.D= %5>H G1>7 =5>G1C1.)5AD2181><D1B@5AB1CD1>F1. 41<1= =541> =17>5C9.B9 .?>4D.191> C5ACDCD@ @141 .1> 218F1 medan magnet.COM Sumber buku (bse.1F1C 25A25>CD. 89>771 =5=?C?>7 71A9B71A9B 71G1 =17>5C9.D=@1A1> G1>7 49C5=2DB ?<58 =541> =17>5C9.1A5>1 . . 49CD<9B .1>)-  &541>=17>5C8?=?75>45>71>A1@1C71A9B 71G1 41>C571.5BD19 45>71> !D.5AC1B#9.5. 1.id) .1> C9=2D< 77< 9>4D.B9 =17>5C  =5>D:D .25A<1F1>1> 45>71> 1A18 @5>G5212 C5A25>CD.921C F @5AD2181> <D1B 2941>7 .B9   Gambar 6.1F1C . R v  )5A81C9.1>1>45>71>.?>4D.go.1> 45>71> =5>5A1@. - 5>71> 45=9. A1>7.kemdikbud.1<9 BD1CD 21C1>7 .5AC1B 41> 1A18 / 134 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.D@9?<5821C1>7.D= 1A141G B5C91@ .C?A)*45>71>A1>7.DC                    / J  .91> 77< 9>4D.D=@1A1> G1>7 C5A49A9 1C1B B1CD <9<9C1>    @5AB1=11>>G1 =5>:149 v    / J ve (<58 .1> =5>71<9A 1ADB 9>4D.535@1C1>/B5:1D811.DC Penghantar PQ digerakkan dengan kecepatan v di dalam   1  1 medan magnet homogen B.B9 G1>7 49@5A<981C.B95<5.4 A18 1ADB 9>4D.CD1.C?A Gambar 6. .<DADB=1BD. Ggl Induksi karena Perubahan Luas Bidang Kumparan P . .>G1 9>4D.B9 7< 9>4D.2941>7.191>.     / .1@5>781>C1A)*4975A1.B9 41@1C C5A:149 1.>CD.BUKUPAKET.. @5>G545A81>11> @5>D<9B1> B5A9>7.>CD.1<9 C1>41 >571C96 C941.3 )* =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11> 25A9.

B9=17>5C9.B941<1=21C1>7.C?A41A9*.?>4D.1> =5>41@1C Informasi 71G1 . .?>4D..5 .5 21F18 A18 1ADB <9BCA9.1A5>11A181ADB9>4D.1>C9=2D< 71G1 =17>5C9.B9 41<1= 21C1>7 .C?A 141<18 41A9 * .?>4D.5 ) (<58.C?A )* 1.5) B541>7. B5BD19 45>71> 1A18 =D1C1> @?B9C96 untuk Anda B589>771 1A18 1ADB 9>4D.5AC1B1.541<1=2941>7.1>1> =D1C1> >571C96 @141 21C1>7 . .1>1A189>4D.

1> . G1>7 1A18>G1 .1>>G1 =5>77D>1.5 . C5AB52DC =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11> .9A9 >41 41@1C =5=2D.19418 C1>71> .C9.1>1> 5B1A>G1 71G1 =17>5C9.

D= (8= 25B1A>G1 . Bagian yang @141 21C1>7 .1A5>1 9CD .)*  3.D1C The pisture have shown the technician placing generator on 1ADB9>4D.1> D>CD. Akibat perputaran    J rotor.1F1C .5=21<9 )-   1<1= .5 41<1= "-.1>D>CD.921C 141>G1 2541 @?C5>B91<    49 1>C1A1 C9C9.?>4D.B9G1>7=5>71<9A@14121C1>7.1<1> >5A79 5>5A79 G1>7 497D>1.B9 listrik di Meksiko.5. =5>71<9A Para teknisi ini sedang memasang 1ADB <9BCA9.D= $5.1> =D1C1> 49 41<1= 21C1>7 .?>4D. ) 41> generator pada instalasi pembangkit * 5B1A>G1 2541 @?C5>B91< C5AB52DC B1=1 45>71> 25B1A>G1 77< 9>4D.1F1C. terjadi perubahan medan magnetik dan membangkitkan arus &5>DADC !D. Rotor @141 . yang tidak bergerak.C?A )* B1=1 45>71> Information for You 5>5A79G1>7497D>1.1> !D.D1C 1ADB G1>7 =5>71<9A 41<1= .1> .DC merupakan sebuah elektromagnetik kuat yang dapat berputar dengan        / kecepatan tinggi.   1.91> electrical instalation in Mexico.?>4D.C?A terlihat di sini adalah stator.1>=D1C1>@141.    J >41 @5A81C9.C?A)*5>71>45=9. B1=1 45>71> . You "-.=5=9>418.)*  3  41@1C 49BD2BC9CDB9.1F1C . =5=9>418. Selanjutnya.1> . listrik pada kumparan di dalam stator.1F1C . 141<18 B521719 25A9.D1C 1ADB <9BCA9. G1>7 =5>71<9A stator itu dimasukkan rotor.(<58 . ke dalam 5A41B1A.

called stator. Rotor is a strong B589>771 49@5A?<58 @5AB1=11> 21AD B521719 25A9. The rotor is put inside it. can see a part.DC electromagnetic device that can spin .

That spin is what cause the change of magnetic  field and generate electrical element .   /    with cause the velocity.

.

. on coil inside stator.

  / J Sumber: The Oxford Children’s Book of  Science. 1995 $5C5A1>71> .

D1C =541> =17>5C 02 =.535@1C1> = B  . 71G1%?A5>CH' /  .

2 $1F1C@5>781>C1A)*@1>:1>7>G1.   @1>:1>7 @5>781>C1A =   81=21C1>    Contoh 6.

521F18@141.@14171=21A B R  0.BUKUPAKET.E5AC9.1< 2521B.5<D1A2941>7.25 F Q P w = mg v m   20 c Induksi Elektromagnetik 135 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.go.COM Sumber buku (bse. 3=41>=1BB1>G1 741@1C25A75A1.9C1A>G1C5A41@1C=541>=17>5CB525B1A -45>71>1A18.1F1CA1>7.id) .5AC1BB5@5AC9C1=@1.kemdikbud.191>9B5.

1F1C@5>781>C1A)* untuk Anda 2 .?>BC1>.1> Tantangan 1 1A181ADB41<1=. -5>CD.535@1C1>.1F1C@5>781>C1A 1 Sebuah penghantar berbentuk U 1 1G125A1C@5>781>C1A)*B525B1A.

521F18 5A1.'!=5>G5212. berarah menembus bidang kertas.535@1C1>/.1> 71G1 %?A5>CH . terletak di dalam daerah berinduksi magnetik homogen B = 4 × 10–3 T 45>71>.@5>781>C1A)*G1>7=5=?C?>7C571.1>@5>781>C1A)*25A75A1. <DADB =541> =17>5C  =5>9=2D<.

 G1>7 1A18>G1 .1>45>71>1CDA1>..19418C1>71>.?>BC1>@5>781>C1A)*C5A31@19.1>1>B5@5AC9@141 ggl induksi antara ujung-ujung PQ.9A9G19CD41A9*.5C18D971G1%?A5>CH@141"-.51C1B41> 1A181ADB#@141@5>781>C1A.125B1A71G1%?A5>CHB1=1 menempel pada penghantar U dan 45>71>25B1A71G125A1C@5>781>C1A)*. 71=21AA189>4D.)* 3 .1 71G1 %?A5>CH B1=1 45>71> 71G1 25A1C @5>781>C1A 9.D=%5>H218F1 digerakkan ke kanan dengan kecepatan tetap v = 10 m/s.5BD1945>71>!D.B9=17>5C9.5) F arah telapak tangan I arah ibu jari arah jari lain B 2 $535@1C1> .5C9.5C9. Hitung 1A181ADB41@1C49C5>CD.5.?>BC1> C5A31@19 .5 1C1B Penghantar PQ sepanjang 40 cm $535@1C1>.5<D1A2941>71A1871G1%?A5>CH.

 .

/ .

 B541>7.1>71G1.

'!B589>771  .

 .

/ '!  '! / .

& .

Informasi untuk Anda   .7   = B.

  .

   / .

= B  02 = .

  .

=  #149.535@1C1>.1F1C141<18.?>BC1>.

D=@1A1>>G1 .?>BC1>C1 G1>7 49B52DC 45>71> 9>4D.B521>49>745>71> Induktor adalah sebuah .DC elektromagnet.= B 4.BUKUPAKET.D=@1A1> C5AB52DC ">4D.CD 1.D=@1A1> 491<9A9 1ADB <9BCA9.C1>B9 91<18 85>AG ! 5>CD.   '  G1>7 25B1A>G1 Sumber: www.COM Sumber buku (bse.   G1>7 25B1A>G1 25AD218 D218 C5A8141@ F1.com :D7125AD218C5A8141@F1.1 B52D18 .kemdikbud.C1>B9 49A9 .B=17>5C9. Induktansi Diri #9.go. 1997 136 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW. yaitu sebuah kumparan kawat dengan atau tanpa  '  1C1D  '    J1 inti magnetik yang menghasilkan magnetisme jika arus mengalir melewatinya.1C?A 25AD@1 B?<5>?941 B531A1 <1>7BD>7 9>4D.CD)5AD2181>6<D.C1>B9 49A9 C571.1> BD1CD .1> C9=2D< 6<D. 45>71>  =5AD@1. . made of D=D= 9>49.1CD1> 9>4D.D1C 1ADB . <DADB C5A8141@ 25>CD. Information for You 75?=5CA9.DC 9>9 core which can produce magnetism when electric current through.id) .531A1 =1C5=1C9B 49CD<9B B521719 25A9. Inductor is an electromagnet.C1>B9 49A9 wire coil with or without magnetic B?<5>?941 9>9 41@1C 4989CD>7 B5@5AC9 25A9.linearmagnetics.B =17>5C9. '  J2 Sumber: Jendela Iptek.

  <9<9C1> @141 B?<5>?941 141<18  '   (    (.B =17>5C9. (<58 . D>CD.1A5>1 6<D.

 =1.C1>B949A9B?<5>?941141<18 B521719 25A9.DC Pembahasan Soal   (.19>4D.

2. 0.C1>B9 49A9 B?<5>?941 41> C?A?941 45>71> 2181> C5AB52DC 141<18 e. Induktansi rangkaian #9.B9 =17>5C 49 1>C1A1 .9 adalah ..54D1>G1 B1=1 G19CD Selama peristiwa ini terjadi. 9>4D. timbul B525B1A  (  ggl induksi sebesar 32 V dalam rangkaian. @5A=5129<9C1B A5<1C96 +  49=1>1 @5A=5129<9C1B 2181> 141<18 a.5 H d. C?A?941 .C1>B9 49A9 @141 @DB1C rangkaian tiba-tiba turun dari 10 A menjadi 2 A dalam waktu 0.1A5>1 25B1A 9>4D.1 s.  J Kuat arus listrik dalam suatu "-. 40 H UMPTN 1993    ( .D :D71 D>CD. 0..1@5>1=@1>7B?<5>?9411C1DC?A?941499B9?<582181>G1>7=5=9<9. 32 H ">4D.32 H b.)*  3 25A<1..40 H    +  J  c.

3 3.2 Vs 32 V = -?A?94145>71><D1B@5>1=@1>73=.C1>B9 49A9 B?<5>?941 1C1D C?A?941 C1>@1 9>C9 !  ind = 32 V dI  ind  L d Contoh 6.   +  J  Pembahasan: $5C5A1>71> Diketahui:   9>4D.C1>B9 49A9 B?<5>?941 1C1D C?A?941 45>71> 9>C9 2181> ! I = 10 A – 2 A = 8 A   9>4D.

5C18D9 3=.2 Vs = 0.41>@1>:1>7>G1 3==5=9<9.C1>B949A9C?A?941C5AB52DC L= 3.4 H 8A 1 Jawaban: e 9.9 <9<9C1> 8A -5>CD.1><189>4D.

K J=.

      3= =    K J02 = B589>77149@5A?<58  .

 .

   .

   02 =        =     = P   K J! .

C?A  B52D18 <1=@D ) 41> BD=25A C571>71>   G1>7 49<5>7.   ! I L #1499>4D. @141 )- .D=@1A1> 9>4D.1@9 45>71> B52D18 1 B1.191> G1>7 C5A49A9 1C1B B52D18 .C1>B949A9C?A?941141<18  !  S .<1A  C1=@1.D1CD A1>7.

<1A @5>78D2D>7 <1=@D C941.1> <1=@D C941.1> )- . B575A1 @141= P C5C1@9 141 :541 F1. $5C9.B9=D= C5C1@9 141 :541 F1.CD B5B11C )141 B11C 1ADB 49@DCDB.CD B5B11C )5A81C9.1 B1. B575A1 =5>G1<1 =1.<1A 498D2D>7.1> @141 B1.

DC Gambar 6.D=@1A1> 41@1C =5>9=2D<.C?A   )5AD2181> 1ADB @141 B52D18 .1> 77< 9>4D.5=D.5 Sebuah rangkaian tertutup (a) saklar s  ditutup.1<9 2 ?<58 +.D1C S 1ADB>G1 .B9G1>725B1A>G125A21>49>7<DADB45>71>35@1C>G1@5AD2181>..B9 G1>7 49B5212.1> ?<58 141>G1 L @5AD2181> 6<D.$ "*-2 9>9 49CD<9B.531A1 =1C5=1C9B @5A>G1C11> G1>7 49.1> @5AC1=1 .1.1> B521719 25A9. @141 9>4D.". )5A9BC9F1 9>9 =5>D>:D. lampu menyala dan (b) saklar s    J .B =17>5C9.1> C9=2D<>G1 1ADB 9>4D.

Induksi Elektromagnetik 137 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.kemdikbud.COM Sumber buku (bse.BUKUPAKET. dibuka. lampu masih menyala beberapa saat kemudian padam. .go.id) .

1> B521719 25A9. -1>41 >571C96 =5AD@1.1    <1:D @5AD2181> . 49CD<9B.D1C 1ADB    .1 "-.DC          .)*  3 41@1C  .?>BC1> =1.D= %5>H #9.1> @5>G5BD191> 45>71> !D.

 -.  J  .

 -  $5C5A1>71>  . @141 .D1C 1ADB <9BCA9.51411> 1F1<  .

89A  . @141 .  .D1C 1ADB <9BCA9.51411> 1.-.

CD  J-.D1C 1ADB <9BCA9.C1>B949A9  !491<9A91ADBB5217196D>7B9F1.D=@1A1>45>71>9>4D. B Contoh 6.4 .52D18.CD @5AD2181> .J -   B5<1>7 F1.

 41<1=1=@5A541>-41<1=B5.?>-5>CD.B949A9G1>7C5A:149 B11C-.1>77<9>4D.

B 1 9.5C18D9    !  J-.

5>71>=5>77D>1.)* 3 49@5A?<58           .1>"-.

 - J  !J- J  J.

B949A9@141B11C-. / #14977<9>4D.

C?A 141<18              J   .BUKUPAKET. G1>7B5<1<D25AD218C5A8141@F1.1 B52D18 9>4D.  41>  141<18 a b     J  Gambar 6.CD25B1A>G1C571>71> I 1>C1A1 C9C9.1> @141 9>4D. - >5A79 G1>7 4925A9.6 - Sebuah kawat induktor yang dialiri arus listrik.141<18/ 5.go.kemdikbud.id) .C?A 49@5A?<58 45>71> =5>7 9>C57A1B9.C?A=1=@D=5>G9=@1>5>5A79>5A79C5AB52DCC5AB9=@1>41<1= 25>CD. B589>771 25B1A>G1 41G1 G1>7 4925A9. =541> =17>5C )5A81C9.C?A  491<9A91ADB<9BCA9. Energi yang Tersimpan dalam Induktor ">4D.C?A B589>771 49@5A?<58 @5AB1=11>     -       - - 138 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.COM Sumber buku (bse.1> @141 9>4D.1> 41G1 @141 9>4D.1> )-   #9.

        .

J  .

5C18D9 25B1A>G1 9>4D.B9 =17>5C9. Rapat Energi dalam Bentuk Medan Magnetik -5<18 49.C1>B9 49A9 @141 B?<5>?941 141<18    (. 49 @DB1C B?<5>?941 =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11> 25A9. 6.DC   ( 1C1D   ( 41@D> 9>4D.

  #9.C1>B9  >41 BD2BC9CDB9.1 >9<19 41> >9<19 9>4D.5 41<1= "-.1> 49@5A?<58 @5AB1=11> .1> .)*  3  1.

  .

     ( .

     J  .

  (  .

 5>71>E?<D=5B?<5>?941 C?A?941141<18   #9.9C1 4925A9 >?C1B9  25A<1.1A1@1C5>5A79 1C1D 5>5A79 @5A B1CD1> E?<D=5 .D 8D2D>71>  .

  J   .

  2D18 @1>:1>7 41> <D1B untuk Anda @5>1=@1>7B?<5>?941141<183=41>.9 :D=<18 <9<9C1> B521>G1.52D18 B?<5>?941 =5=9<9. Contoh 6.5 Tantangan .

3=.

!9CD>7<18 Sebuah kumparan (solenoida) 1 9>4D.D1C1ADB25AD218=5>:149 dibangkitkan dalam kumparan itu jika ada perubahan arus listrik dari . 2 5>5A79G1>74981B9<.1>@141B?<5>?941:9.C1>B949A9B?<5>?941 memiliki induktansi 500 mH.B949A9G1>7C5A:149:9.11ADB<9BCA9.G1>7=5>71<9AB525B1A  Hitunglah besar induksi ggl yang 3 25B1A77<9>4D.141<1=F1.CDB.

01 s secara beraturan. 100 mA menjadi 40 mA dalam waktu 1 0. 9.5C18D9   <9<9C1> .

3=.

.

K J=.

  3=K J.

=    .

C1>B949A9B?<5>?941141<18       02 =   . 1 ">4D.

.

   = .

    .

1>@141B11C  141<18 .     !   = 2 >5A79G1>74981B9<.

  .

.

       !         # .

.

  3 5B1A %9>4D.B949A9:9.11ADB25AD218=5>:149.

141<18        .

            !      .

kemdikbud.id) .BUKUPAKET.go.COM Sumber buku (bse.  / .  B  Induksi Elektromagnetik 139 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.

1> )-  -1=@1.B =17>5C9.1A5>1 @5>71AD8 @5AD2181> 6<D.1> 25AD218 @D<1 )5AD2181> 6<D.D=@1A1>B5.D>45A.D=@1A1> B5.D>45A 7<G1>7C9=2D<@141.D>45A .D=@1A1>B5.CD - =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11>       . .D>45A 49B52DC #(. 8.498D2D>7.D1C 1ADB 45>71> =5>7D218D21881=21C1>1.D=@1A1> @A9=5A C5A:149 @5AD2181> .1C1>$D=@1A1> P @A9=5A)498D2D>7. G1>7 49<9>7.D=@1A1> B5.1 @141 .D@9 Induktor silang antara dua buah kumparan.# .D=@1A1>@A9=5A)41>.B =17>5C9.B9 G1>7 C9=2D< @141 .7 .D=@1A1>@A9=5A=1D@D>. 41<1= F1.D=@1A1> G19CD S .B=17>5C9.1>C5A:149@5AD2181>6<D. C5AB52DC 1.1> 77< @141 .1>45>71>BD=25AC571>71>  41>81=21C1>E1A9125< R G $D=@1A1>B5.G1>725A45. 4D1 2D18 .#&(! 1C1D #(.91> 6<D.D=@1A1> @A9=5A 5>71> 45=9.1>45>71>B52D1871<E1>?=5C5A  #9.D=@1A1> B5.# -#'& &#% 5B1A>G1 77< 9>4D.%-(.1> =5>9=2D<.D>45A @D> 1.B =17>5C9.%-(.D>45A. Induktansi Silang  )5A81C9.@141 Gambar 6.

- I  .   J  .

       .

J.

1 "-. . - Gambar 6.  .8 Perubahan arus pada kumparan #9.)*  3 49C9>:1D <5298 <1>:DC 49@5A?<58 1 akan memengaruhi arus pada   kumparan 2.

  1C1D .

   .1> 49@5A?<58  . - 5>71> =5C?45 9>C57A1B9 1.

     .

 .

    .

  J.

1> @5>1<1A1> G1>7 B1=1 =1.)*  3  1.  5>71> =5>77D>1.1> 49@5A?<58   .1 41A9 "-.

 J.

.

 Kata Kunci .

   G1>7 49C9=2D<.1> ?<58 1ADB <9BCA9.)*  3  49@5A?<58 @5AB1=11> 25A9.1> .  45>71> • Hukum Faraday   • fluks medan magnetik :D=<18<9<9C1> 141<18    #9.B =17>5C9.DC • kumparan primer • kumparan sekunder  .1>9<19  49BD2BC9CDB9 • Hukum Lenz  • gaya Lorentz • ggl induksi diri .5 41<1= "-. • gaya gelak listrik (ggl) • induksi elektromagnetik 5B1A 6<D.

  • induktansi silang  J.

 .D1C 1ADB <9BCA9.C1>B9 B9<1>7 !  .D=@1A1> @A9=5A    9>4D.   $5C5A1>71>  .

 :D=<18 <9<9C1> .D=@1A1> B5.D=@1A1> @A9=5A  .D>45A   :D=<18 <9<9C1> .

D@9 ?<58 .D=@1A1> B5.BUKUPAKET.  6<D.COM Sumber buku (bse.D=@1A1> @A9=5A 02 140 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.id) .B =17>5C9.D>45A G1>7 49 C9=2D<.kemdikbud.go.1> ?<58 . G1>7 49<9>7.

9@1>:1>7   3=45>71><D1B@5>1=@1>7 K J =.Contoh 6.6 .D=@1A1> =5=9<9.52D18B?<5>?941.

41>21>G1.<9<9C1> .

D=@1A1>. <9<9C1>9B5.9C1A@DB1CB?<5>?941 49<9<9C.1>.

<9<9C1>.45>71>21>G1.

D=@1A1>.1> 1 9>4D.C1>B9B9<1>7. <9<9C1>-5>CD.54D1.D=@1A1> 2 77<G1>7C9=2D<@141.

D=@1A1> =5>71<9A1ADBB525B1A.:9.1@141.

1A1841<1=F1. G1>725A21<9.C1>B9 B9<1>7 41@1C 49C5>CD.)*  3  25B1A 9>4D.DC   .1> "-.1>B52171925A9.CD B 1 1 5>71> =5>77D>1.

  .

    02 =   .

       =      = .

K J.

D=@1A1> D>CD.! 2 )141.D1C1ADB.B5<1>7F1.CD- B.

25A21<9.1A18 B589>771 # J.

J.

B9@141.J5B1A77<9>4D.D=@1A1>.

DC   2    -  . 41@1C49@5A?<58B52171925A9.

   !       .

  .

.1=17>5C@5A=1>5>4975A1.1>=5=1BD. /  B Tes Kompetensi Subbab A "-&'*($!()0'0(/%$*  #9.9.D=@1A1>  $1F1C )* B5@1>:1>7 .

535@1C1>.DA 45>71>.1F1CG1>7C5A@1B1>7B52D181=@5A5=5C5A1<1CD.1>1> ..1> .5 .  3= 4975A1.

<DADB 1ADB :1AD= 1=@5A5=5C5A 1.1> =5>G9=@1>7 41A9 9>4D. = B41>=5=?C?>7C571.B9=17>5C9. K J.

1> B5C9=21>7>G1 5B1A1> 1@1.1> C9=2D<>G1 @5>G9=@1>71> C5AB52DC 1ADB>G1 @1.D=@1A1>  R = 0.5<D1A41A9..1 P 1 21C1>7=17>5C491=41<1=.5  .D=@1A1> 2 21C1>7=17>5C4975A1.18 G1>7 -5>CD.1F1C)*41>1A18 =5>G5212.18G1>7C5A:149@141:1AD=1=@5A5=5C5A:9..54D4D.-B5@5AC9@14171=21A .1>25B1A71G1%?A5>CH@141.1>.1><529835@1C 3 21C1>7=17>5C4975A1.

CDG19CD   B B525B1A   G1>7 =5>9=2D<.C?A45>71> <9<9C1>=5>71<9A1ADB  1<1=B52D18.1>  )141B52D189>4D. G1>7 =5=?C?>7 BD1CD .G1>725AD218C5A8141@F1.CD G1>7 B1=1 =5>9=2D<.D=@1A1> v = 20 m/s 25A.D=@1A1>C5A49A91C1B<9<9C1>C5>CD.1> @5AD2181> 6<D. <D.DA1>741A902=5>:149 0241<1=F1.B 1<1= F1.D1C1ADB <9BCA9.CD B #9.1>77<G1>7 Q B 4981B9<.D=@1A1>C5A41@1C@5AD2181>.1> @5AD2181> =17>5C9..1.B =17>5C9.

1F1C25A75A1. 8?=?75>G1>725B1A>G1.54D1=5=9<9.1.D=@1A1>.=5=?C?>7=541>=17>5C9.D=@1A1>@5AC1=1-5>CD.D=@1A1>:9.5@?C?>7. 6<D.02@141.C1>B9B9<1>7 -5>CD.D=@1A1> <9<9C1> 2 77<9>4D.D@9>G1B525B1A  02 49<D1A.D=@1A1>  .1> .D=@1A1>.9  1 9>4D.B949A9.54D1.1>9>4D.B=17>5CG1>749<9>7.B949D:D>7D:D>7.54D1G1>7C5A<5C1.

-41>=5=25>CD.BD4DC  I#9.1<D1B6<D.BG1>7C5A@?C?>7 =.

B9G1>7C9=2D< Induksi Elektromagnetik 141 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.BUKUPAKET.41<1=F1.CD BC5>CD.go.COM Sumber buku (bse.kemdikbud.1>77<9>4D.id) .

 5>5A1C?A 25.B9 5<5.B9 G1>7 =1=@D =5>781B9<.1B9 9>4D.21<9. -5>171 9A G1>7 141 49 #1C9<D8DA #1F1 1A1C 9 B1>1 C5A41@1C 1<1C <9BCA9.B9 G1>7 25AD218D218 . G1>7 49>1=1. G1>7 4981B9<.1> 41<1= =541> =17>5C9.9C %9BCA9.1> =5>41@1C.1> B.5A:1 25A41B1A. Generator )5A>18.1A5>1 B5C91@ . =5>:149 5>5A79 <9BCA9.5=1 75>5A1C?A 1ADB 2?<1. 49@DC1A B589>771 =5>71<1=9@5AD2181>:D=<1871A9B71G1=17>5C9.5A:1 75>5A1C?A C5AB52DC 141<18 B521719 25A9.1>>G1 25AD@1 1ADB 2?<1.5894D@1> B581A9 81A9 1>C1A1 <19> B521719 25A9.D>:D>7 . 1A141G 41<1= .1> @?<1A9C1B 77< 9>4D.9>5C9.  1C1D &-+(-#(! .++(- . Generator Arus Bolak-Balik )-  =5>D>:D.1> 1ADB <9BCA9.5 C5=@1C )5=21>7.921C>G1C5A:149 77< 9>4D. 41> 75>5A1C?A 1ADB B51A18 a. 1A1 ...1> !(+-)+ 5>5A1C?A 141<18 1<1C G1>7 25A6D>7B9 =5>7D218 5>5A79 .1> @A9>B9@ 9>4D. ADB <9BCA9.1A2?> 1.DC  $D=@1A1> G1>7 49<5C1.DCD2 @?B9C96 41> .CA?=17>5C9..21<9.21<9. Aplikasi Induksi Elektromagnetik Faraday @<9.DCD2 >571C96 B531A1 25A71>C91> .DC 1. B. -5A41@1C 4D1 :5>9B 75>5A1C?A G19CD 75>5A1C?A 1ADB 2?<1.CA?=17>5C9.18 >41 25A.B9 5<5.

54D1D:D>7. )5A25411>>G1 @141 75>5A1C?A 1ADB B51A1849@1B1>7%)'.21<9.=5>G1<DA.1A5>19CDCA1>B6?A=1C?A492179 =5>:1494D1:5>9BG19CDCA1>B6?A=1C?A..1C .125< @5>G1<DA kumparan sikat karbon Gambar 6.B9 G1>7 C5C1@ B9.G1>749@5A?<58.COM Sumber buku (bse.1> @141 B9.BUKUPAKET. Transformator (Trafo) +(. .1A2?> B5<1<D =5>41@1C.1>1C1D =5>DAD>.1> @?<1A9C1B 77< 9>4D.1C @5AC1=1 @?B9C96 41> B9.D=@1A1> 49@1B1>79 39>39> G1>7 C5A@9B18 41> 49C5=@5<.go.-*.1A2?> G1>7 498D2D>7.5A:175>5A1C?A1ADBB51A18B1=145>71>@A9>B9@ .1C .9 Skema generator arus bolak-balik cincin arah putaran luncur b.id) .1>1ADB<9BCA9. (<58.1>C571>71><9BCA9.kemdikbud.5A:1 75>5A1C?A 1ADB 2?<1.10 Skema generator arus searah sikat karbon komutator arah putaran 2.?=DC1C?A 9>9 =5>71CDA 171A B5C91@ B9.1C <19>>G1 >571C96 kumparan Gambar 6. Generator Arus Searah )14141B1A>G1@A9>B9@.--)+25AD@1B52D1839>39>25<18D>7B9.>CD.-*)0( 142 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW. )+'-)+141<181<1CG1>725A6D>7B9=5>7D218=5>19.*41>CA1>B6?A=1C?A.1> 45>71> .

1989 a.-A1>B6?A=1C?AC5A49A91C1B..-*)0( 25A6D>7B9 =5>DAD>.DC primer sekunder  $D=@1A1> @A9=5A 498D2D>7.21<9.-*. Transformator Step-down -A1>B6?A=1C?A . * Np Ns b.171> B545A81>1B52D18CA1>B6?A=1C?A.1> @141 )-  Gambar 6.D=@1A1>@A9=5A.-*)0( 49CD>:D.5A:1 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 141<18 B521719 25A9.D>45A<529821>G1...1> 25AD@1 1ADB 2?<1.-*)0( :D=<18 <9<9C1> @A9=5A <5298 21>G1.12 171> B545A81>1 B52D18 CA1>B6?A=1C?A .D>45A41>9>C9 25B9 ?>C?8 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 49CD>:D. Transformator Step-up -A1>B6?A=1C?A.*25A6D>7B9=5>19.1>C571>71><9BCA9.1> 45>71> C571>71> =1BD.1> C571>71> <9BCA9.D=@1A1>B5.D>45A * .-*.1> @141 Bagan transformator step-up )-   )141 CA1>B6?A=1C?A .  Gambar 6. 41A9@141 :D=<18 <9<9C1> B5. 25B1A 41> 1A18>G1 B5<1<D 25AD218D218 Np Ns . )A9>B9@ .11 Transformator Sumber: PHYWE.41A9@141 :D=<18 <9<9C1> @A9=5A .1>@141)-   primer sekunder )141CA1>B6?A=1C?ABC5@D@:D=<18<9<9C1>B5..*49CD>:D.

1A5>1 1ADB G1>7 25AD218D218 @141 9>C9 25B9 C5A:149 @5AD2181> :D=<18 71A9B 71G1 =17>5C9.DC *  *  J.@141CA1>B6?A=1C?AB1=145>71>@5A21>49>71>1>C1A1:D=<18<9<9C1> @A9=5A * 41> <9<9C1> B5. B531A1 C5ADB=5>5ADB .921C>G1 @141 . .531A1 =1C5=1C9B 41@1C 49CD<9B B521719 25A9.B9B521719.13 ).5<D1A1> Gambar 6.D>45A .- 41A9 CA1>B6?A=1C?A Bagan transformator step-down )5A21>49>71> 1>C1A1 C571>71> @A9=5A * 41> C571>71> B5.D>45A . (<58 .D=@1A1>B5.B941>1ADB9>4D.D>45AC5A:14977<9>4D.-*.

1 @141 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 491>771@ C941.  C571>71> B5. 141 5>5A79 <9BCA9. <19> CA16? 9451< 25A<1. .  .D>45A /  .D 8D2D>71> B521719 25A9. G1>7 25A D218 =5>:149 5>5A79 25>CD. $5C5A1>71>  *  C571>71> @A9=5A /  *  :D=<18 <9<9C1> @A9=5A  .DC 41G1 @A9=5A  41G1 B5.  :D=<18 <9<9C1> B5.D>45A @B1C1D@ @B B J.D>45A #9.

D>45A  Induksi Elektromagnetik 143 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW. $5C5A1>71> *  41G1 @A9=5A 0 .kemdikbud.D>45A 0 * 1ADB@A9=5A .id) .  1ADB B5.  41G1 B5.go.BUKUPAKET.COM Sumber buku (bse.

4. 2. Berikan kesimpulan Anda dari kegiatan ini. Kawat tembaga kira-kira 1 m 2.... Tantangan 2.. buatlah grafik tegangan sekunder terhadap jumlah lilitan sekunder.. Catat besar tegangan yang terbaca pada voltmeter. 3.. untuk Anda 3. Alat-Alat Percobaan kumparan 1.. Hubungkan dengan sumber tegangan. 20 . Bagaimana caranya agar walkman tersebut dapat menggunakan listrik dari PLN yang besarnya 220 V? Contoh 6.52D18CA16?BC5@4?F>1. Teruskan menambah 10 lilitan pada kumparan sekunder hingga menjadi 50 lilitan.. 30 .=5>G1<1. Susunlah peralatan seperti gambar berikut.1>497D>1.1>A149?.2 Membuat Transformator Tujuan Percobaan Membuat transformator step-up... Sumber tegangan 12 V (AC) inti besi Langkah-Langkah Percobaan voltmeter 1. 4. 5. 40 . sebagai kumparan sekunder. Amati dan catat besar tegangan yang terbaca pada voltmeter. sebanyak 20 lilitan pada bagian karena inti besi yang lain. Data Percobaan No Jumlah Lilitan Sekunder Besar Tegangan Sekunder 1. 50 .. Masukkan data hasil pengamatan Anda pada tabel.7 . sebagai kumparan primer. Aktivitas Fisika 6.1>D>CD. Anda memiliki walkman yang menggunakan baterai 3 V. Kemudian.. Lilitkan 10 lilitan kawat pada bagian kiri inti besi. Kemudian. 6.

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1>@5AB1=11> *.>CD. #149@5A21>49>71>*B  2 5A41B1A.1C1D* *.1>81B9<@5A89CD>71>21791>=1. .=5>789CD>71ADB<9BCA9.   .1  *    *   #149:D=<18<9<9C1>@A9=5A  <9<9C1> 3 ./ .41@1C497D>1. * .

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id) .1>A149?141<18 144 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.kemdikbud.go. / #1491ADBG1>7497D>1.COM Sumber buku (bse.BUKUPAKET.

 5>5A79 <19> 41<1= CA1>B6?A=1C?A =9B1<>G1 Ingatlah 5>5A79 @1>1B #149 D>CD.    J.539< 41A9@141 41G1 @A9=5A . @A9=5A 69B95>B9 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 49>G1C1.521791>5>5A79 <9BCA9. 9451< B5<1<D 25A<1.141CA1>B6?A=1C?AG1>79451<.5>G1C11>>G1C941.1> B521719 81B9< 2179 41G1 bentuk energi lain. <9BCA9. CA1>B6?A=1C?A C941.1> 41<1= @5AB5> B531A1 =1C5=1C9B 49CD<9B .D>45A <5298 . B5.* B589>771 569B95>B9>G1 Tidak ada transformator yang efisiensinya 100% karena sebagian <5298 .D 41G1 B5.539< 41A9  energi listrik berubah menjadi 69B95>B9 B52D18 CA1>B6?A=1C?A 494569>9B9. )141. 25AD218 =5>:149 25>CD.D>45A 45>71> 41G1 <9BCA9.

D>45A *  41G1 <9BCA9.52D18CA1>B6?A=1C?A41<1=B52D18A149?CA1>B9BC?A41@1C=5>7D218C571>71>41A9 . @A9=5A Contoh 6.  41G1 <9BCA9. * $5C5A1>71>  569B95>B9 CA1>B6?A=1C?A .8 . B5.

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D>45A 1 9.1569B95>B9CA1>B6?A=1C?AC5AB52DC C5>CD.D>45A>G1 <9<9C1>C5A>G1C1.D1C1ADBG1>7 =5>71<9A@141A149? #9.1> 1 .@141.D=@1A1>@A9=5A 2 41G1@A9=5A41>41G1B5.5C18D9 *. /=5>:149/#D=<18<9<9C1>B5.D1C1ADB<9BCA9.

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/ . .D    .125A<1.  1 -A1>B6?A=1C?AC941.25AB961C9451<=1. <9<9C1>.   * * * /            *   .    . /.

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@141.D=@1A1>@A9=5A141<18  . /   *  #149.D1C1ADB<9BCA9.

D=@1A1>41@1C497D>1.1> @5AB1=11> * * *.=5>789CD>741G1@141B5C91@. kumparan 2 .>CD.

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>CD.DCD2 9CD 25AD218 C5A8141@ F1.D@ 2 C9>779 CA16? 41@1C C5A21.1 @1>1B 9>9 3D.CA?=17>5C9.B G1>7 =5<1<D9 B5=21A1>7 B9=@1< C5ACDCD@ 41<1= 21C1>7 1. 1>C1A1 =D.1.go.?>4D.id) .14 .1 =541> =17>5C9.DCD25<5.589<1>71> 5>5A79 1C1D 41G1>G1 =5>:149 @1>1B #9. Arus Pusar pada Transformator 1 )5A81C9. . =5>35718 ..5AD791> 41G1 21C1>7 ..BUKUPAKET.1> @141 )-   #9. Gambar 6.C?A CA1>B6?A=1C?A (a) Trafo dengan inti besi.1>21C1>7.kemdikbud. 2 1C1D 1ADB @DB1A ADB @DB1A G1>7 C5A:149 @141 9>C9 CA16? =5AD79.1> 45>71> +. (b) Trafo dengan inti besi 492D1C 25A<1@9B<1@9B B5@5AC9 @141 )-   9 1>C1A1 <1@9B1> berupa lempengan yang @5<1C <?71= 4925A9 9B?<1B9 &%+ B589>771 <9>7.C?A1>C1A14D1=D.?>4D. B5@5AC9 G1>7 49CD>:D./  0 #14941G1B5.1A1> 1ADB @DB1A =5>:149 terpisahkan oleh laker. Induksi Elektromagnetik 145 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.1> 25AD218 :D71 B589>771 C9=2D< 1ADB ADB 9>9 49>1=1.1> B5212 CA16? .1 . .0 #14941G1@A9=5A>G1141<180 .CD 6<D.D>45A>G1141<18 0 arus pusar inti besi c.1A B589>771 ADB1.COM Sumber buku (bse.

1 <9BCA9.921C 1ADB @DB1A 41@1C 49..CA?=17>5C9.D<9BCA9.D1C 1ADB <9BCA9. G1>7 B1=@19 49 AD=18AD=18 @5>4D4D. 141<18 81B9< CA1>B=9B9 41G1 <9BCA9. Kata Kunci .5AD791> 41G1 1.1> ?<58 75>5A1C?A . 25B1A G1>7 4981B9<.1> @A9>B9@ 9>4D. :1D8 =5AD@1.DA1>79 • generator -941. :1D8 41 4D1 31A1 =5>CA1>B=9B9. :1A1.1> @A?B5B @5>G1<DA1> 41G1 <9BCA9. • efisiensi transformator • arus pusar (arus eddy) 3.1>B5@5AC9@141A5==17>5C9. :1A1. %9BCA9. • transformator step-up • transformator step-down 41> B5CA9.>G1:1D841A9@DB1C@5=21>7. 1ADB @DB1A G1>7 • transformator/trafo C9=2D<41@1C=5>7D>CD>7. :1D8 G19CD  45>71> .CD>7.1>@1412525A1@1@5A1<1C1> • Alternating Current • komutator G1>7 =5>77D>1.1> 41G1 <9BCA9.539< 5>71> 31A1 B5@5AC9 9>9 .9C <9BCA9. Transmisi Daya Listrik Jarak Jauh -A1>B=9B9 41G1 <9BCA9. :1A1.5C5=@1CCD:D1>C5AC5>CDG1>7:1A1.B9 5<5.B5=D11ADB@DB1A25AB961C=5AD79.

:1D8=5>77D>1.1> CA1>B6?A=1C?A BC5@ 4?F> G1>7 49@1B1>7 49 71A4D71A4D <9BCA9.?C1.:1A1.1>CA1>B6?A=1C?A BC5@D@ G1>7 C5A41@1C 49 @DB1C @5=21>7.539<B589>771D.?C1..539< B589>771 49@5A?<58 569B95>B9 41G1 <9BCA9.DA1>.539<:D7141@1C=5=25A9.1> 1>771A1>291G1:1D8<52985. B589>771 C571>71> <9BCA9.9C1A . G1>7 =5>71<9A =5<1<D9 .:1A1.1>C571>7 1> C9>779 $5D>CD>71> G1>7 49@5A?<58 45>71> =5>77D>1.?C1 CD:D1> 497D>1.9C G1>7 =5>19.49CA1>B=9B9.1> ?<58 75>5A1C?A )141D=D=>G1CA1>B=9B941G1<9BCA9.G1>789<1>7B5@1>:1>7 .1> .9C1A   /$5=D491>41G1<9BCA9.1F1CCA1>B=9B9G1>7.1F1C A5<1C96 .:1D8497D>1. G1>7 25B1A )141@A?B5BCA1>B=9B941G1<9BCA9.1F1C CA1>B=9B9 :1D8 <5298 .?C1 CD:D1> 9 .1> CA1>B=9B9 C571>71> C9>779 141<18 1ADB <9BCA9. 45>71> C571>71> G1>7 <5298 C9>779 41A9 C571>71> G1>7 4981B9<.5 .?>?=9B41>41G1<9BCA9. B91@ 497D>1.1> @141 C571>71> B5.1> C571>71> 89>771=5>31@19B5.

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 / pabrik transmisi tegangan tinggi pusat pembangkit listrik tiang listrik generator rumah Gambar 6.9 .52D1875>5A1C?AG1>741@1C=5>781B9<.15 Bagan transmisi daya listrik jarak jauh transformator transformator gardu listrik Sumber: Jendela IPTEK.. 1995 Contoh 6.1>41G1<9BCA9.

1>=5<1<D9 @5>781>C1A45>71>81=21C1> . &049CA1>B=9B9.

1>CA1>B=9B9 .1 1 C571>71>G1>7497D>1.  !9CD>7<18@5AB5>C1B541G1G1>789<1>7 =5>:149.1>?<58CA16?BC5@D@=5>:149 ..5C18D9.1<?A:9./ 1 9./ 2 C571>71>49>19.

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1<?A89<1>7141<18 89<1>7 . 1G1G1>789<1>7=5>:149.

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1C571>71>CA1>B=9B949>19.1>=5<1<D9CA16?=5>:149  ./141<18  . &0 2 1G1G1>789<1>7:9..

  0 CA1>B=9B9         / 1G1G1>789<1>7=5>:149.1<?A89<1>7141<18 89<1>7 .

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0 #149@5AB5>C1B5 89<1>7      . 20  0   .

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21<9. 2 @5A21>49>71>:D=<18<9<9C1>@A9=5A41> 25AC571>71> .D>45A>G1$D=@1A1>@A9=5A4925A91ADB2?<1.52D18CA1>B6?A=1C?ABC5@D@=5=9<9.D=@1A1> 1 569B95>B9CA1>B6?A=1C?A B5. &0 Tes Kompetensi Subbab B "-&'*($!()0'0(/%$*  .9 <9<9C1>@141 !9CD>7 .D=@1A1>@A9=5A>G141>  <9<9C1>@141.

11ADB41<1=.52D18 CA1>B6?A=1C?A G1>7 49@1B1>7 @141 A149? 2 #9.D>45A. / B5.D=@1A1>B5.D=@1A1>B5.D>45A 1 5A1@1C571>71>.D>45A  .

1B9 . 25A1@1 =5=9<9.9 B@5B969.

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D>45ACA1>B6?A=1C?AC5AB52DC  <9<9C1>41> CA1>B6?A=1C?A 1ADBG1>7=5>71<9A41<1=A149? C5>CD.1> . /#9.1:D=<18 3 5A1@1 41G1 =1BD.5<D1A1> <9<9C1>B5.1> 41> 41G1 .

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id) .)* &5<1<D9 1<1C 9>9 41@1C :D71 491=1C9 >9<19 6A5.1<18 B1CD BD=25A  G19CD 75>5A1C?A 1ADB  1<1= 75>5A1C?A 141 . 41> 1ADB B51A18 141<18 @?<1A9C1B>G1 . C571>71> 1ADB  G1>7 C5A2131 @141 =?>9C?A ?B9<?B.21<9.BUKUPAKET.kemdikbud.#&). 2?<1.1> E?<C=5C5A  41> 1=@5A5=5C5A  1. 25B1A =1D@D> 1A18>G1 5B1A1> 1ADB 41> C571>71> 2?<1.5C18D9 @5A25411> =5>41B1A 1>C1A1 1ADB 2?<1.1569B95>B9  CA1>B6?A=1C?A  C.7A169.COM Sumber buku (bse.21<9.21<9.D>45A:9.D1C 1ADB <9BCA9. 49<1=21>7.1> 45>71> 5>5A79 <9BCA9.?@ -")2 ./41>.5@5AC9 >41 .C96 41> .21<9. 219. =5>DADC 6D>7B9 B9>DB . 565. =5=9<9. .go.9 >9<19 G1>7 B5<1<D 25AD218D218 C5A8141@ F1. =5>75C18D9 @?<1A9C1B 1ADB B51A18 G1>7 B5<1<D C5C1@ 41> 1ADB 2?<1. Arus dan Tegangan Listrik Bolak-balik ADB 41> C571>71> <9BCA9.DA >9<19 C571>71> 565.1> 45>71>  5F1B1 9>9 81=@9A B5=D1 @5A1<1C1> AD=18 C1>771 49?@5A1B9. Sumber Tegangan Bolak-Balik (AC) 5>CD.C96 41@1C 497D>1.41@D>D>CD.CD B531A1 @5A9?49.G1>7B5<1<D25AD21841@1C497D>1.?@ 25AD218 B531A1 @5A9?49.21<9.1>?B9<?B. 1ADB 2?<1.D=@1A1> G1>7 41@1C 25A@DC1A 2521B 41<1= =541> =17>5C 8?=?75> Induksi Elektromagnetik 147 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.D5>B9 41> @5AD2181>C571>71>@141B5C91@B11C41<1=25>CD.>CD.D1C1ADB>G1 3 41G1@A9=5A41>41G1B5. =5>7D.

1> T 2T . - T 2T .1> 41A9 B52D18 75>5A1C?A G1>7 25A@DC1A 1 =5=5>D89 @5AB1=11> 25A9.41>B9=@D<75<?=21>7=5>D>:D. V Vm V = Vm sin t )5A81C9. <9BCA9.1   3?B     3?B .1> 41A9 B52D18 .1> . 2  J 1C1D    J  J. 41> 1ADB 2?<1.     J  .1> )-   (B9<1B9 71G1 75A1. 4981B9<. .C5AB52DC@D>31. 21<9.1A5>1    3?B =1.D=@1A1> C5A8141@ 25B1A BD4DC G1>7 49C5=@D8>G1 5B1A 77< G1>7 4981B9<.DC   I Im I = Im sin t  J 1C1DD>CD.54D4D..D=@1A1> G1>7 25A@DC1A 45>71> <1:D C5C1@ )14171=21A7A169.

- Gambar 6. .9C1 CDAD>.16 Grafik tegangan dan arus listrik #9.1 .    B9> .1> "-.)*  3  4941@1C bolak-balik terhadap waktu. J.

J.1> 45>71>    =1. C1D 41@1C :D71 49CD<9B.B B9> .

J.B B9> .DCD2 77< 9>4D.1 41@1C 49CD<9B   =1.B9 B1=1 45>71> 2541 C571>71> 49 1>C1A1 4D1 .1 $1A5>1 77< 9>4D.B9 =1.

B9=D= E?<C      E?<C '%.D=@1A1> =.D=@1A1>  <D1B 2941>7 .2 $5C5A1>71>  '%. <9BCA9.B9=D= E?<C   6<D. 02   :D=<18 <9<9C1> .  C571>71> =1.  71G1 75A1. =1.B =17>5C9.

191> lampu B1<18B1CD>G1497D>1.>CD.1> 45>71> A1>7.  25B1A>G1 9>4D.id) .DA9>9=5>D>:D.1> =5>71<9A 1ADB bagian tengah yang transparan 2.DA>9<19C571>71> logam 41> .=5>7D.17 Cara pengukuran dengan testpen 41> .1> E?<C=5C5A  41> 1=@5A5=5C5A  '9<19 G1>7C5A2131@1411<1CD.BUKUPAKET. - bagian atas yang  6A5. 41<1= B52D18 A1>7.1>B52D181<1CG1>749B52DC-.-*()-  .DA1> 1ADB <9BCA9.kemdikbud.18 Pengukuran arus listrik dengan menggunakan volmeter.D=@1A1> A14 B  - berlogam #9.1 75>5A1C?A C5AB52DC 498D2D>7.191>C5AB52DC41@D>D>CD. @141 BD1CD A1>7.COM Sumber buku (bse.1>81A71565.C9641A9C571>71> Gambar 6. =5>75C18D9 141>G1 C571>71> <9BCA9..D5>B9 BD4DC @DC1A1> .1> C5C1@9 C5BC@5> C941.191> C5ACDCD@ 1.191> Gambar 6. 41@1C =5>75C18D9 25B1A>G1 C571>71> G1>7 =5>71<9A@141A1>7.go.D1C 1ADB &5<1<D9 )-  >41 41@1C =5=181=9 81B9< @5>7D. 1 2 148 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.B9 =17>5C9. Alat Ukur Tegangan dan Arus Bolak-Balik .D1C 1ADB  497D>1.

1> 45>71> resistor 1ADB=1.B9=1< C5A>G1C1C5A2131>9<191ADB.DCD2 @?B9C96 498D2D>7. )141 )-  C5A=9>1< .1>45>71>1ADB=1.B9=D= @1411=@5A5=5C5AC5A2131>9<191ADB B541>7 .1>)- C5A=9>1<@?B9C96498D2D>7.

 E?<C=5C5A =D<19 25AD218 '9<19 Gambar 6.191><9BCA9.=5=9<9.1 G1>7 C5A2131 @141 1<1C D..D1C 1ADB C571>71> 41> 81=21C1> <9BCA9.191> B5@5AC9 )-  voltmeter $5C9.?@ Contoh 6.**141<183=.?C1.1A5>1B.1 **3=K / 3= E?<C#149C571>71>=1.10 1A9@5>71=1C1>=5<1<D9?B9<?B.)5>7D.5C18D9** / 3= 1 )14171=21AC5A2131C571>71>@D>31..9D.19 G1>7C5A2131=5>D>:D.C96C571>71>A1>7..1>B5<1>7F1. sebuah rangkaian 1ADB  =1D@D> 1ADB  45>71> =5>77D>1.DA1>9>9=5>D>:D.1> 1 C571>71>=1. 219.?@BD=2DE5AC9.1< / 3==1.1> =D<C9=5C5A =@5A5=5C5A /?<C=5C5A 41> (8==5C5A 41> ?B9<?B.CD=5>D>:D.D5>B9BD=25A 1 9.DA1> 3=K 3=-5>CD.. **  // .DA .1<1C91@.1>81A71565.1<491CDA@141C571>71> / 3= B541>7.DA C571>71> B52D18 A1>7.B9=D=>G1141<18 '%.B9=D= 2 6A5.C96>G1 5=9.1>=B 3=.91> @D<1 41<1= =5>7D.1 1ADB =5>71<9A :1AD= @5>D>:D.1>218F1 1>7.DA 141<18 >9<19 565.>41 Pengukuran tegangan pada 41@1C :D71 =5>7D.1<1E5AC9.

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2 )5A9?4541<1=7A169.3=.1 3=K=B 3= .1<18?A9H?>C1<=B 3==1..

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21 1 (a) Sebuah rangkaian dengan t 2 hambatan R.21<9.981=21C1>41<1= F1.DA G1>7 497D>1.52DCD81> 5>5A79 <9BCA9.1>:D=<18.20 kWh meter yang ada di rumah B5C1A145>71>1ADB1C1DC571>71>B51A18G1>7=5>781B9<.21<9..1 G1>7 =5>D>:D. Nilai Efektif Tegangan dan Kuat Arus AC <1C D.1> D>CD. 3.52D18@5>781>C1AB5@5AC9)-  =5=9<9..1> 25B1A 5>5A79 <9BCA9. G1>7 C5A@1. .1<?AG1>74981B9<. 49 AD=18 141<18 .08 =5C5A 5A5C1> 1>7.1<?A digunakan untuk mengukur G1>7 B1=1 .+ >5A799>949@5A?<5841A9>9<19  41> !1A71565.1> 25B1A 5>5A79 <9BCA9.D1C 1ADB 1C1D C571>71> 2?<1.C96>G1141<18 . A R B I Im I ef t    m sin t Gambar 6.1>?<581ADB565. =5>75C18D9 :D=<18 41G1 G1>7 C5A@1. :5<1B 1>7.1> )-   -1=@1. G1>7 C5A@1.CD G1>7 B1=1 daya listrik yang terpakai. 1 2 (b) Grafik hubungan I dengan t. 141<18 .CD -5B1A5>5A79.19 )5A81C9.19 41<1= B1CD1> . G1>7 491>771@ Gambar 6.1 =5>D>:D.5C9.1 =5<1<D9 BD1CD @5>781>C1A 41<1= F1.08 %#&) -- ").19 @141 .C961ADB1C1DC571>71> 2?<1.

COM Sumber buku (bse.go.kemdikbud. Induksi Elektromagnetik 149 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.id) .BUKUPAKET.

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9>9<19 G1>7 B5<1<D 25AD218 B531A1 @5A9?49.1>41<1=A1>7.191>1ADB=5=9<9. >5A79.1<?AG1>74981B9<. 41<1= F1.CD  41> =5=5>D89 .

@5AB1=11> - .

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)* 3 41>"-.  - J  "-.)* 3 =5=9<9.9>9<19G1>7B1=1 B589>771 41@1C 49@5A?<58 25B1A 1ADB 565.C96>G1   - .

56 . .

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C96  B521719 25A9.DC =1.1>31A1=1C5=1C9.149@5A?<581ADB565. 45>71>=5>77D>1.B   J  .

5>71>31A1G1>7B1=1C571>71>565.1>49@5A?<58@5AB1=11>     =1.C96 1.B   J  .

21<9.2?<1.52D18A1>7.49D.11 .DA 45>71>E?<C=5C5A41>=5>D>:D.1>1>7.1. Contoh 6..1>45>71>BD=25A<9BCA9.191>G1>7498D2D>7.

1881A71=1.B9=D= C571>71>2?<1.21<9.16A5. E?<C5A1@1.D5>B9>G1 !H 1 9.BD=25A41>CD<9B.1>@5AB1=11>>G1:9.5C18D9  .

1>"-.)*  3 B589>77149@5A?<58 Tantangan  =1.B9=D==1.B4989CD>745>71>=5>77D>1. /  !H 1 '9<19C571>71>=1.B  .

untuk Anda .

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atau  =1. arus listrik. / Apakah yang menyebabkan 2 )5AB1=11>C571>71>49@5A?<5845>71>=5>77D>1.1>"-.)* 3 G19CD sengatan listrik.BB9> - tegangan listrik? .

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id) .kemdikbud.COM Sumber buku (bse.  - 150 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.BUKUPAKET.go.

>.=?7?.:3C93E793@93@D74393.12 +74F3:C3@9=3.8F@9D.Contoh 6.3@3CFD4A>3=43>.EF .H3=EF J3.=.

D.@ .8  6 8C7=F7@D.E7C:363B'34#/##0 .=7E3:F.EF@9>3: 3 E793@93@?3=D.3@9F>7C  7 B7C.?F?%#* 4 E793@93@BF@53==7BF@53=(( 5 E793@93@787=E.A67 8 8C7=F7@D.!.  9 E793@93@D7E7>3:+    D7=A@ #7#$ 7@93@?7@J3?3=3@B7CD3?33@E793@93@J3@96.

B7CA>7: %D.9?3=36.@ +  .

B7CA>7:  . D.B7CD3?33@E7CD74FE6.@ + 63C.

63@  C36 D 3 % . .

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% 5     . .

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6  C36 D 7  .

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I Imaks 4.@63:=3@ 1 t ?F3E3@ >.@FDA. 3CFD  D7>3?3 .@      .= t J3@9 @. D.63 63C.@J3 D7E3C3 67@93@ =F3E 3CFD D73C3: F@EF= ?7?.=3@ 9C38.>3.= 2 D.= C3E3C3E3 363>3: =F3E 3CFD 4A>3=43>. Harga Kuat Arus dan Tegangan Rata-Rata Ir !3C93 =F3E 3CFD 4A>3=43>.= J3@9 D3?3 63>3? H3=EF J3@9 D3?3 )7C:3E.DEC.

 D7=A@ #/$#3 .

 Gambar 6.22 Grafik hubungan I dan t Imaks = kuat arus maksimum -@EF= 3CFD D73C3: D7E7>3: .

 D7E7@93: B7C.@J3 ?7?7@F:. B7CD3?33@ ) .A67 ?F3E3@ J3@9 Ir = kuat arus rata-rata.>3>F. 6.

= 63>3? C3@9=3.>3>F.3@ 363>3:  . 3CFD 4A>3=43>.  N  63BF@ <F?>3: ?F3E3@ J3@9 6.

@ ++ N   %#* Induksi Elektromagnetik 151 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.id) .COM Sumber buku (bse.kemdikbud.BUKUPAKET.go.  D.

Tugas Anda 3C. '34#/##0 .

9  63@ '34#/##0 .

9 .

B7CA>7: B7C D3?33@ 3CFD C3E3C3E3 D74393. 3=3@ 6. Bersama kelompok belajar Anda.=FE Arus listrik bolak-balik dapat diamati menggunakan osiloskop. 47C.  .

Catatlah hal- hal yang Anda anggap penting. .=3 6. 7@93@ ?7@99F@3=3@ 53C3 ?3E7?3E.@ ++ N   gunakan osiloskop yang ada di laboratorium sekolah Anda untuk %#* mempelajari penggunaan osiloskop tersebut.B7CA>7: Mintalah bimbingan guru Fisika Anda untuk melakukan tugas ini. ) D.

 %#* ) N   7@93@ B7@<343C3@ J3@9 D3?3 3=3@ 6.B7CA>7: B7CD3?33@ E793@93@ C3E3C3E3 F@EF= 3CFD  D747D3C .

B7CD3?33@  D..@  .=DF3EFC3@9=3.:3D.13 )7CD3?33@E793@93@4A>3=43>.%#* ) N   $7E7C3@93@ )  E793@93@ C3E3C3E3 .=?7?7@F:. D.@  .>=3@DF?47CE7CD74FE #7#$ .3@>.7@EF=3@E793@93@C3E3C3E3J3@96. %#*  E793@93@ ?3=D.=7E3:F. Contoh 6.DEC.?F? . 7@93@?7@99F@3=3@'34#/##0.%#* .

B7CA>7: .9 6.

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3@ >.DF3EFG7=EACJ3@947D3CDF6FEBFE3C@J3E7C:363B t DF?4F :AC.KA@E3> D3?3 67@93@ DF6FE 83D7@J3  +  3DAC DF3EF G7=EAC 47CBFE3C 47C>3H3@3@ 3C3: <3CF? <3? 67@93@ =757B3E3@ DF6FE E7E3B 6.23 =F3E 3CFD 63C.D 3C3: E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD Im 6.9F@3=3@?7EA676.  5. DF3EF C3@9=3. .= )363 #/$#3 .93?43C=3@ A>7: D74F3: 3@3= B3@3: F@EF= ?7@J3E3=3@ E793@93@ 63@ Gambar 6.D=3@D74393. Diagram Fasor -@EF= ?7?B7C?F63: ?7@93@3>.D.DEC.39C3?83DAC3DAC(!*-#+')363>3:DF3EF47D3C3@ Vm J3@96.>F=.

  63B3E @63 Grafik fasor I dan V B7C:3E.= +F?4F :AC.=3@ 6.39C3? 83DAC 63C.KA@E3> B363 #/$#3 . E793@93@ 63@ 3CFD 4A>3=43>.

:3C3B=3@ @63 63B3E ?7?3:3?. Resistor pada Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik )363#/$#3.  363>3: F@EF= ?7@7@EF=3@ a R b 47D3C@J3 DF6FE 83D7 J3@9 6. 3C3: 83D7 G7=EAC 67@93@ ?F63: V = Vmsin t 6.>3. E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD J3@9 ?7CFB3=3@ 47D3C3@ D=3>3C 4F=3@ G7=EAC &7>3>F.39C3? 83DAC .3@ D763@9=3@ DF?4F G7CE.=3> F@EF= ?7@7@EF=3@ @. ?7EA67 I 6.F=FC 63>3? D3EF3@ 67C3<3E 3E3F C36. 6.@.

>=3@ 3CFD J3@9 <F93 47CD.3@ Gambar 6.COM Sumber buku (bse.63 hambatan murni R.B3D3@963>3?C3@9=3.= C38. D74F3:C7D.BUKUPAKET.kemdikbud.go.63 152 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.6. 3=3@ ?7@9:3D.id) .@FDA.83E D.24 Rangkaian arus AC dengan E7CEFEFB3CFD4A>3=43>.=E793@93@DF?47CJ3@947CD.83ED.@FDA.DEAC?FC@.

25 Grafik kuat arus I dan tegangan V 3CFD 4A>3=43>. )7CD3?33@ E793@93@ 4A>3=43>. rotasi Vm V = Vm sin t  363>3: i = im sin t im %D.= J3@9 ?7@93>.>.@ + N  )7C:3E.3@ ?7?7@F:.=3@ #/$#3 . arus I.C ?7>3>F.:F4F@93@67@93@% % ?3=347D3C  Gambar 6. B7CD3?33@ pada rangkaian hambatan murni. C3@9=3.C  ?7?. dan tegangan V sefase.=.@ + N   2 3 t 7@93@?7?7C:3E.DEAC ?FC@.=3@6-6/*/J3@9?7@J3E3=3@43:H3=F3E3CFD  3 5 2 2 2   J3@9?7@93>. %D.= 3@E3C3 F<F@9F<F@9 C7D.

  7C63D3C=3@ '34#/##0 .

9  63@ '34#/##0 .

DF6FE    M Imaks Vmaks E793@93@63@3CFDJ3@9?7>3>F.=.D.=3BAD.: t <7>3D@J3 @63 B7C:3E.?F?%74.@J3=7E.>3.@.9  3CFD ?3=D.=3@ #/$#3 .3@?7@53B3.@.?F? ?7?. 83D7J3@9D3?3CE.?.=F?B3C3@?7@53B3.?F? 63@ E793@93@ ?3=D.>.C3@9=3.

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26 Mari Mencari Tahu Diagram fasor arus I dan tegangan V memiliki arah yang sama. =F3E 3CFD 63@ E793@93@@J3 ?7?.>.DEC.DEACE7CD74FE93C>74.8.C7D.B3D3C3@?7?.F93D@634F3E>3: C7DF?7?7@97@3.=J3@9D7C. *7D.E7CE7@EF.DE3@D.@96.67@E.<F3>6. .J3@96.:3C3B=3@@6363B3E?7@97@3>.:?7@3C.DEAC63@?3?BF?7@7@EF=3@ @.5.@.=.>3.D3@@63 7.DEACJ3@96.>3.DE3@D.= D7CE3=3@93?43C?353??353?C7D.>3.>.=.6.C.C7D.C7D.5. 3C3: J3@9 D3?3 Gambar 6.@.9F@3=3@+7E.39C3? 83DAC 63C. Induktor Murni pada Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik L a b )7C:3E.C.D74F3:C7D.DEAC63>3?EF>.=.@J363C.DEAC?7CFB3=3@D3>3:D3EF=A?BA@7@>.=3D.=3@ #/$#3 .C7D.?.53C3?7@9.@.>.DEAC+7E7>3:?7?4F3E C7DF?7.3B C7D.

6.>.)363D33E3CFD>. 99> 6.DEC.C63>3?C3@9=3. induktor murni.=.C.27 + Rangkaian arus bolak-balik dipasang seri dengan sebuah 63BF@ 4763 E793@93@ 3@E3C3 F<F@9F<F@9 =F?B3C3@ D74393.3@3=3@E. H3=EF 363>3: %D.?4F> 93J3 97C3= >.=?7@93>. 8F@9D. ?7?.@ + N. 3@E3C3 F<F@9 .DEC.  +74F3: .@6F=EAC J3@9 47D3C@J3 I = Im sin t 363>3:      Gambar 6. .@6F=D.@6F=EAC ?FC@.@6F= E3@D.= .

 #.=3@ C3@9=3.3@ 3CFD 4A>3=43>.= 63>3? #/$#3 .=3 @63 B7C:3E.

3@ E7CD74FE ?7CFB3=3@ C3@9=3.>3. V = Vm sin ( t ) C3@9=3. E.DEAC ?FC@.C5:A88 ?7@J3E3=3@ 43:H3 im      t  (>7: =3C7@3 63>3? C3@9=3. 47C.3@ E7CD74FE C7D.B7CA>7: B7CD3?33@ =F3E 3CFD D74393.    ?3=3 6.=FE .C5:A88 !F=F? "" $.EF 2 2 @.63= 363 J3.3@ E7CEFEFB 63@ 47C>3=F !F=F? Vm I = Im sin t "" $.

%).*.

BUKUPAKET."&.28 %D.kemdikbud.id) .@ +N +  Grafik kuat arus I dan tegangan V pada rangkaian induktif murni.go.@ + sekitar 90°.   Tegangan V mendahului arus I +  % D.COM Sumber buku (bse.  Induksi Elektromagnetik 153 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.#+')   Gambar 6.

@ + +   %    N 5AD +   %     D.@ +   . %    D.

     % D.@  + N  N   .

=3@ B7@FCF@3@ '34#/##0 . 7@93@ ?7?7C:3E.

D  3E3F.@993 63B3E 6.@6F=EAC  J3@9 6.@6F=E.:3?43E.9  6.8  D7:. .>3.EF>.D74FE C73=E3@D. 43:H3   %  % &7@FCFE!F=F?(:?  ?7CFB3=3@@.=7E3:F.

8     =757B3E3@ DF6FE C36 D   . !   8C7=F7@D.@6F=E3@D.   N $7E7C3@93@    C73=E3@D. :F4F@93@ '34#/##0 . 6.C. !K 7@93@ ?7@93?3E.@6F=E. .

9  63@ '34#/##0 VL .

3@ . B7C47633@ 83D7 3@E3C3 E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD J3@9  ?7>3>F.@6F=E.9  6.=7E3:F.8 E7CD74FE D747D3C . C3@9=3.

 7@93@ DF6FE 83D7 3CFD  E7CE.@993> 363>3: .

63> E7C:363B H3=EF ?7>3>F.29 . DF6FE83D7E793@93@ 90° I @63 3=3@ >74.= E793@93@ D.=3 ?7?7C:3E.: ?7?3:3?. C3663C.@FDA. #/$#3 Gambar 6.@FDA.= 3CFD D.=3@ 9C38.63> 63@ 9C38. <.

=@J3<.B3D3@9. Tegangan 63>3?C3@9=3.@6F=EAC  D747D3C . 3CFD Diagram fasor arus I dan tegangan V.?F? +743>.=3E793@93@47C@.?F? 3CFD J3@9 ?7>3>F.3@3CFD4A>3=43>.>3.@.14 )363D74F3:C3@9=3.>3.?F?   %#* Contoh 6.3@ 3=3@ ?3=D.3@ ?3=D. #. ?.=3 E793@93@ B363 F<F@9F<F@9 C3@9=3.@. C3@9=3.?F? @. !K6.=67@93@8C7=F7@D.3@3=3@?. mendahului 90°.

>=3@3CFD?3=D.3@.!*3@9=3.?F?.@.?7@9:3D.

 8C7=F7@D.    3CFD?3=D.=7E3:F.!.@6F=EACE7CD74FE #7#$ .EF@9E793@93@ ?3=D.?F?.?F?%.

@6F=E3@D.. .@6F=EAC .

EF@967@93@B7CD3?33@  % %  .?F?63B3E6.793@93@?3=D.! .:.

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EAC 47C.DEC.>.B =79F@33@@J3 D3?3 67@93@ .?B3@ 63>3? =3B3D.EAC #/$#3 .: 47D3C CFD >. Kapasitor pada Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik )C.E3D@J3 D747D3C  D7>3?3 +  3=3@ ?7@J7434=3@ =3B3D.= J3@9 ?7>3>F.DEC.3@3CFD4A>3=43>.8.@6F=EAC $3B3D.@D.=6.EAC 63>3? a C b C3@9=3. ?F3E3@ D747D3C   + N V = Vmsin t 63BF@ ?F3E3@ J3@9 E7CD.EAC J3@9 =3B3D.B3D3@9F@EF=?7?B7CA>7:7@7C9.=J3@9 >74.D. =3B3D.

%D. ?3@3 .30   N Rangkaian kapasitor 6.  363>3: Gambar 6.=76F3'34#/##0.@ + N 3C.

9 63@'34#/##0.

@ +% 5AD +   V = Vm sin  t    2  % 5AD + Vi i = im sin t  %5AD +   %D.B7CA>7:   +     % D.@ +     + +    D.9 63B3E6.@   +  N .

=3@ B7@FCF@3@ '34#/##0 .  7@93@ ?7?7C:3E.

 =3B3D.=7E3:F. 43:H3 %  %  &7@FCFE !F=F? (:?  ?7CFB3=3@ @.9  6.D74FE C73=E3@D.EF>.@993 63B3E 6. :3?43E3@ Gambar 6.8  D7:.EAC J3@9 6.E.31 Grafik I dan V pada kapasitor =3B3D.   3E3F  .>3.D dalam rangkaian AC.

 :F4F@93@ '34#/##0 . N $7E7C3@93@    C73=E3@D. =3B3D.8      =3B3D.EAC   8C7=F7@D.E. DF6FE C36 D 7@93@ ?7@93?3E.E3D =3B3D.

9  63@ '34#/##0 .

3@ =3B3D.8 E7CD74FE D747D3C . C3@9=3.9  6. B7C47633@ 83D7 3@E3C3 E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD J3@9 I  ?7>3>F.E.=7E3:F.

 363>3: .  7@93@ DF6FE 83D7 3CFD 90°  ?7@63:F>F.

A63> E7C:363B H3=EF ?7>3>F. #/$#3 V .=3@ 9C38.= 3CFD D.= E793@93@ D.@FD. C36 63C.@FD. <. DF6FE 83D7 E793@93@ @63 3=3@ >74.: ?7?3:3?.A63> 63@ 9C38.=3 ?7?7C:3E.

3@ 3=3@ ?3=D.3@ 3=3@ ?.  #. ?3=D.COM Sumber buku (bse.=@J3 <.@.?F? @.=3 E793@93@ Diagram fasor I dan V pada 47C@.?F?    kapasitor.kemdikbud.>3.id) . Induksi Elektromagnetik 155 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.BUKUPAKET. C3@9=3.go.?F?   % +743>.32 63>3? C3@9=3.?F? 3CFD J3@9 ?7>3>F.>3.3@ ?3=D.=3 E793@93@ B363 F<F@9F<F@9 C3@9=3. 3CFD Gambar 6.

. !#$'.

= '056- '34#/##0  1 #0)-#+#0 '#-5#04+ +(#5 6056-4+0   *7D.@ + .3@63@ B363*3@9=3.DEAC  D783D7 %D. *3@9=3.3@CFDA>3=3>.

@ +   .@993>  %D. "@6F=EAC  $ E7CE.

 D747D3C  C36 .

 $3B3D.EAC    ?7@63:F>F.  %D.@ +   .

 D747D3C  C36 .

!#$'. .

EF %D.=3 DF?47C E793@93@ 4A>3=43>.3@993B D3?3 J3.:63:F>FB7CD3?33@3CFD 43CF =7?F6.63B3E B7CD3?33@ E793@93@ B363 3 C7D.D3>@J3 3CFD J3@9 ?7@93>.C 63>3? E.= 6.@ + ?3=3 3=3@ 6.3@ D3?3   % D.@6F=EAC%D.C 63>3? E.@ + +747EF>@J3@6363B3E?7@7@EF=3@E7C>74.3B C3@9=3.3@ #. ?7@993?43C=3@ B7CD3?33@ 3CFD J3@9 ?7@93>.3@ B7CD3?33@ E793@93@@J3 &.DEAC%D.3B C3@9=3.@ +    .@ + 4  .

@ +    .  5  =3B3D.EAC%D.

15 +74F3:=3B3D.  Tantangan untuk Anda Contoh 6.EAC67@93@ .

EACE7CD74FE #7#$  .?F?% .  !K. Tuliskan persamaan tegangan kapasitor itu.= Sebuah kapasitor 100  F dihubungkan dengan sumber  67@93@8C7=F7@D.=7E3:F.B3D3@9B363DF?47CE793@93@4A>3=43>. Arus yang  mengalir melalui rangkaian 47C.=FE c  200  F memenuhi persamaan I = 4 sin 200t A.B36393?43C tegangan bolak-balik. V = Vmsin t !.D7B7CE.  6.?F?B363=3B3D. .EF@93CFD?3=D.793@93@?3=D.

  .

O N  !K% .   .

 .

  C36 D         C36 D   .

    (>7:=3C7@3.?F?@J3363>3:% %  .EF3CFD?3=D.

COM Sumber buku (bse.kemdikbud.go.   156 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.id) .BUKUPAKET.

: 47D3C E7E3B.DEC.3@ //  D7C. :3@J3 63B3E 6.>. dan C Dipasang Seri dalam Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik R L C *3@9=3.9F@3=3@ F@EF= ?7?B7C47D3C 63J3 >.@.>3.>.63@83D7J3@9D3?3B363 v D7E.= J3@9 ?7?.= J3@9 >74.?F?63>3?C3@9=3.@6F=EAC  D7CE3 =3B3D.= 4A>3=43>.3@ 3CFD >. :3?43E3@ ?FC@.=3@ #/$#3 .B3D3@9 D7C.=.EAC  3=3@ ?7@9:3D. >.3@?7?.: <7>3D 63B3E @63 B7C:3E.@. C3@9=3. . R.>=3@ E3?43:3@ 7@7C9.DEC.DEC.= J3@9 E7C43E3D I = Im sin  t  CFD?3=D.=.  6.9. L.3B =A?BA@7@ %74. 67@93@ .

33 %D.  #.3@ D747D3C Gambar 6.=3@6.@  +  B7CD3?33@D7E.39C3? Resonansi rangkaian R–L–C seri 83DAC B363 #/$#3 .=3 @63 E7E3B=3@ B7CD3?33@ 3CFD 63>3? C3@9=3.3BE793@93@67@93@?7?7C:3E.

@ +   .@ + ?7?.=. 83D7 J3@9 D3?3 67@93@ 3CFD      ? D.EF   ? D.  J3.>.

 83D7  D747D3C .   ?7@63:F>F.

@  +   E7CE. C36 VL V  D.@993> 83D7  D747D3C .

C36       ? .

 B363 #/$#3 . VL – VC )7C:3E.=3@ C3@9=3.3@ //  D7C.

 E793@93@   63@   +753C3 83DAC E793@93@E793@93@ .  +7E. E7@EF=3@ 67@93@ ?7@99F@3=3@ :. VR 63B3E 6.34 "  "  "  " N  Diagram fasor V.=FE VC Gambar 6.=.EF .3B =A?BA@7@  i ?7?.@9 E793= >FCFD :3C93  63B3E 6.<F?>3:=3@ D74393. (>7: =3C7@3 "  "  63@"  D3>.@. VL. VR. 47C.>. dan VC.EF@9 G7=EAC J3.

.

 #/$#3 .           N  X 67@93@ ?7?7C:3E.=3@ =7?43>.

:. C3@9=3.  :3?43E3@ EAE3> C3@9=3.D74FE 67@93@ .?B763@D.3@ L Z D7C. '34#/##0 .EF@9 X –X L C 63C. NN  J3@9 6. 63B3E 6.3@ .

9   .

.

                  R X C .

  .

       N.

R. XL. 3E3F .3 Gambar 6.35 Diagram fasor Z. dan XC.

  .

     N.

B7CD3?33@2J3.D7E.C6.@.?F? 63@ 3CFD ?3=D.?F?J3@9?7@93>.3B=A?BA@7@D3?3 47D3C@J3 :F4F@93@ 3@E3C3 E793@93@ ?3=D.4 (>7:=3C7@33CFD?3=D.?F? .EF . ?7?7@F:.

   .

COM Sumber buku (bse.?F?   .BUKUPAKET.?B763@D.go.id) .        N  $7E7C3@93@ %  E793@93@ ?3=D.EAE3> Induksi Elektromagnetik 157 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.kemdikbud.3@  N C73=E3@D. C3@9=3.

=FE        E3@    N   D7:.E7@EF=3@ D74393.@J3 E793@93@ ?7@63:F>F.83E =3B3D.@J3 E793@93@?7?.=3E3=3@ E7>3: E7C<36. @793E.=.3@47CD.@.@993 B7CD3?33@ E793@93@@J3 363>3:     % D.@J3 E793@93@ E7CE.3@ 47CD.8 CE.83EC7D.=3  DF6FE83D7   47C@.E.@6F=E. a R L b 10.=3@ #/$#3 . BAD.>3     DF6FE 83D7   47C@.>3.E.>3.DE.=3     6.B7CA>7:    63@    CE.83E.3CFD63@C3@9=3.>.8 CE. 763 83D7 3@E3C3 E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD 63B3E 6.8 #.83D7D3?3D763@9=3@C3@9=3.8#. 47C.@993> A>7: 3CFD 63@ C3@9=3.3@47CD.@  +     B34. C7DA@3@D.83>3? :3> . 6. R dan L Dipasang Seri dalam Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik )7C:3E.

 .

=.EF   .EF@93@G7=EAC47D3C@J3E793@93@ V EAE3> J3.<F?>3:=3@ D74393. +7E. 63B3E 6. I = Imsin t """7@93@?7@99F@3=3@:.@.3B =A?BA@7@ ?7?. E793@93@  63@  +753C3 83DAC E793@93@E793@93@ .>.

 .

?B763@D. N Gambar 6. C3@9=3.3@ *N% 6.B7CA>7: D7B7CE. 47C.36 Rangkaian R dan L dipasang seri 7D3C@J3 .=FE .

.

VL Vab                  .

   .

N ) 3E3F VR I   .

    .

37 Diagram fasor VL dan VR 763 83D7 3@E3C3 E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD 63B3E 6. N Gambar 6.=FE XL Z    E3@    N   )7C:3E. 47C.=3@ #/$#3 .E7@EF=3@ D74393.

67@93@.@6F=EAC    R L dengan beda fase 0<  <90°.@  +     R Gambar 6.@ + ?3=3%D. 3CFD ) D747D3C  C36D7:.C3@9=3.@993<.BUKUPAKET.id) .= . V = Vmsin t 158 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.=7E3:F.3@83D7C3@9=3. I R = 30  X = 40  L Gambar 6.B3D3@9D7C.go.DEAC?FC@.16 V/i +74F3:C7D.  E3?B3= 43:H3 E793@93@ ?7@63:F>F.DEAC   6.kemdikbud.    V V Grafik tegangan mendahului arus C73=E3@D.EF@9.@6F=EAC   B363E793@93@ Vab 4A>3=43>.?B763@D.38 Diagram fasor VL dan VR Contoh 6.7@EF=3@83D763@E7C:363B=F3E3CFD" t #7#$ .39 C7D. E793@93@DF?47C .=3%D..COM Sumber buku (bse. 3 !.3@=F3E3CFD63@ Iab 4 .

:.'34#/##0.6.EF@9?7>3>F.3 "?B763@D.

9 .

 2.

.

.

   .

   .

:.   83D7E793@93@  6.EF@967@93@'34#/##0.

9    E3@            M  . $F3E3CFD  .

793@93@.    .

.    .@6F=EAC..793@93@.

    . 4 D783D767@93@=F3E3CFD     ?7@63:F>F.D747D3C C36   M .

DEAC?FC@.3@D7C.B3D3@9C7D.=67@93@B7CD3?33@.   63@D74F3:.17 3>3?C3@9=3.   M Contoh 6.6. ?7@63:F>F.@6F=EAC ! B363E793@93@4A>3=43>.

D.F>..=7E3:F.@ +.3@E7CD74FE #7#$ .D=3@B7CD3?33@ =F3E3CFD63>3?C3@9=3.  A:? .

D.?3=3%.@ +.

.  !        .

.

.

 .

 .

 .

    E3@           M C36  #36.@ +    .B7CD3?33@=F3E3CFD@J3363>3:%D.

 .

=3@ #/$#3 .@ +N   11. D. R dan C Dipasang Seri dalam Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik R C )7C:3E.

E.=  63@  E7C63B3E E793@93@EAE3>J3@947D3C@J3D3?367@93@<F?>3:E793@93@C7D.= . a b 63>3? C3@9=3.DEAC  63@ =3B3D.EAC  6.3@ 3CFD 4A>3=43>.B3D3@9 D7C. 3@E3C3 E.DEAC I = Imsin t 63@E793@93@=3B3D.EAC +753C3G7=EAC47D3CE793@93@EAE3>E7CD74FE V 363>3:    .  *7D.

  .

 C3@9=3.3@ N  63B3E 6. N Gambar 6.40 Rangkaian seri R-C dalam 7D3C@J3 .:.EF@9 D7B7CE. .?B763@D. 47C.=FE rangkaian arus AC.

.

                .

  .

N  .

3E3F   .

COM Sumber buku (bse.id) .go.kemdikbud.     N  Induksi Elektromagnetik 159 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.BUKUPAKET.

 47C.  V I 763 83D7 E793@93@ 63@ =F3E 3CFD 63B3E 6.=FE R ab   E3@    N.E7@EF=3@ D74393.

   V V )363#/$#3.

 67@93@   .=3%D. E3?B3=43:H3E793@93@E7C>3?43ED747D3C  C36 63C.3@     6.?BF>=3@<. Contoh 6.@ + N   Vab terhadap Vc.B3D3@9 D7C.41 Diagram fasor tegangan D.18 R  3>3? D74F3: C3@9=3.3CFD+753C3?3E7?3E.D.D63B3E6.@ +% ab C Gambar 6.

@J3 !K!.  :F4F@9=3@=7DF?47CE793@93@4A>3=43>.C3@9=3.42 Diagram fasor vektor I hambatan R terhadap Xc.=J3@98C7=F7@D.      ab t .3@E7CD74FE C  250  F Z X C R  30 Gambar 6.   63@ 6.?B763@D.=7E3:F. V = Vmsin t V/i #7#$ i V .EF@9>3:  .

  .

O N   !K  Gambar 6.43    Grafik tegangan Vab terhadap arus .

  .

  !K   C36 D         C36 D  .

C3@9=3.    "?B763@D.3@63B3E6.:.EF@967@93@?7@99F@3=3@'34#/##0.

9.

EF . J3.

.

.

 .

 .

  Contoh 6.8      6.E.  N  67@93@ C7D.19 *3@9=3. =3B3D.:F4F@9=3@=7DF?47CE793@93@.3@ D7C.DEAC    63@ C73=E3@D.

C3@9=3.?B763@D.3@ 4 3CFDJ3@9?7@93>.67@93@8C7=F7@D.@ + #7#$ .EAC I 7 DF6FE83D7C3@9=3.      .E3D=3B3D.EAC 6 4763E793@93@3@E3C3F<F@9F<F@9 R = 80  :3?43E3@63@=3B3D.=3B7CD3?33@ E793@93@%D.3@ V = Vmsin t 8 B7CD3?33@3CFD<. !K!.C C  60  F 5 =3B3D.EF@9>3:  3 . .=7E3:F.

      !K  160 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.BUKUPAKET.id) .COM Sumber buku (bse. .kemdikbud.go.

EF@967@93@?7@99F@3=3@'34#/##0.:.3 "?B763@D.C3@9=3.3@6.

9.

 .

.

.

 .

 .

C3@9=3.3@ 363>3:  .    4 CFDE7CF=FCJ3@9?7>3>F.

.    .

    5 $3B3D.E3D=3B3D.EAC     .

      .

   .

EAC  .793@93@:3?43E3@63@E793@93@=3B3D.         6 .

 .     .

    .

.3@       E3@           N M 8 -@EF=B7CD3?33@E793@93@%D.@ +    . 7 +F6FE83D7C3@9=3.@ +?3=3  %D.

D.@ +   .

.

 D7B7CE.@6F=EAC  63@ D74F3: =3B3D.EAC J3@9 47C=3B3D.=7E3:F.B3D3@9 D74F3: b .@  +N M 12.E3D  $7?F6. #/$#3 .3@ 3CFD 4A>3=43>.3@ =76F3@J3 6.= 6. D.:F4F@9=3@ D753C3 D7C. D74F3: C3@9=3. L dan C Dipasang Seri dalam Rangkaian Arus Bolak-Balik L C a .

@ +&7>3>F.C 63>3? C3@9=3.E7E3B=3@ B7CD3?33@ =F3E 3CFD J3@9 ?7@93>.  ?3=3 3=3@ I = Imsin t E.@6F=EAC63@E793@93@=3B3D.44 E793@93@ 6.#/$#3.EAC  D747D3C  C36 3E3F  M -@EF= ?7?B7C?F63: B7?3:3?3@ 4763 83D7 63>3? B7CD3?33@ Gambar 6.3@ Rangkaian seri L dan C 363>3:%D.?4F>B7C47633@83D73@E3C3E793@93@.

 E7C435343:H3?7@63:F>F.@993>E7C:363BD747D3C  C36D7:.@993 V . 3CFDD747D3C  C3663@E7CE.

.

>.=. B7CD3?33@ D74393. L D7E.=FE V %D.3B E793@93@ 3=3@ ?7?.@ +   . 47C.

@ +  .   D763@9=3@  %D.

6.39C3?83DACB363 #/$#3 .   I )7C:3E.=3@=7?43>.

VL.<F?>3:=3@ D74393.kemdikbud.:3@E3C3 C Gambar 6.id) .45 63@   Diagram fasor I.BUKUPAKET. dan VC Induksi Elektromagnetik 161 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.E793@93@EAE3>C3@9=3.=FE N N  V #36.D.go. 47C.3@47C93@EF@9B363D7>.COM Sumber buku (bse. +753C3G7=EAC 63B3E 6.

8 #.D D. ?F?J3@947C@.DE.63@ E7C<36.=7E.?F? 3C.E.B7CA>7: :3C93 :3?43E3@ EAE3> D747D3C %%N % % %N  % D7:.?F? 47D3C@J3 363>3: %  % N  % D7:.3@ ?7@<36.H3 C7DA@3@D.8 #.= E7CD74FE 47D3C3@  47C@. E7C<36.3@ 47CD.@993  N N C3:83DAC?7CFB3=3@4763DF6FE83D73@E3C3=F3E3CFD63@E793@93@  D747D3C   #. ?7@J7434=3@ . :3C93 ?.E.=3@ #/$#3 .@99F@9 3@E3C3 =FCG3  63@ 93C. .@.63BF@3CFD63>3? Z C3@9=3.D >.@73C  ?7CFB3=3@ E.=3   ?3=3     B363 =3DFD .E. E. C3@9=3.@.63>3?C3@9=3.D3?367@93@:3?43E3@?FC@.3@  ?7?.@993 3=3@ 6.83E =3B3D.@.@J3 8C7=F7@D.=3   ?3=3      M 63@ C3@9=3.>3.3@D7C.>. 13.=.@6F=E.@.83E . ?. ?3=D.=3   R/Z $73633@ .3@ 47CD. -@EF= :3C93 E793@93@ ?3=D.?B763@D.= E7C<36.>3. Resonansi pada Rangkaian R–L–C *7DA@3@D. B7C.=3     ?3=3    N M 63@ C3@9=3. C7DA@3@D.?F? )7C:3E.

 .

@J3 C7DA@3@D. D33E E7C<36.     )   ).

(>7: =3C7@3 )  . )  R )  f ?3=3 f r )  N Gambar 6.46  Grafik kurva impedansi Z dan grafik linear R.

 )  6.B7CA>7: 8C7=F7@D. )  N . C7DA@3@D.

DEC.DE.3@ C7DA@3@D.= ?7?4FEF:=3@ E3?43:3@ 7@7C9.3@ C7D.3@ B7@3>3 53C3@J3 67@93@ ?7@9F43:F43: 8C7=F7@D. >. 63B3E 6.=3 8C7=F7@D.EAC J3@9 E7CB3D3@9 B363 C3@9=3.D7C3B 63>3? m C3@9=3.8  47D3C@J3 363>3:    .E3@9=3B I 14.3@ 3CFD 4A>3= 43>. =A@67@D3EAC G3C. B363 C3@9=3.347> #.<F?B3.= 3J3 J3@9 6. 97>A?43@9 C36.@J3 D7DF3.A 3=3@ 6.  *3@9=3. 8C7=F7@D. ?7>3>F. Daya pada Arus Listrik Bolak-Balik I "@6F=EAC 63@ =3B3D.

 N 63@ 63>3? C3@9=3. 363>3: Gambar 6.3@ //  D7C.47 Ketika frekuensi resonansi .

harga arus mencapai   . terjadi.

.

162 Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.kemdikbud.COM Sumber buku (bse.id) .go.BUKUPAKET.        N maksimum.

'34#/##0 .

9.

3@ L = 0.?B763@D.7@EF=3@ R = 30  C  500  F 3 .C3@9=3.3@ D7C.>.D74FE <F93 D74393.C3@9=3.=J3@9?7?. 63J3 D7?F 63BF@ 63J3 J3@9 Kata Kunci D7DF@99F:@J3 3E3F 63J3 C3E3C3E3 363>3: • arus bolak-balik    5AD  N • tegangan bolak-balik • arus listrik efektif $7E7C3@93@ • tegangan efektif • osiloskop   4763 83D7 3@E3C3 3CFD 63@ E793@93@ • diagram fasor 5AD   83=EAC 63J3 • voltmeter • impedansi • resonansi Contoh 6.EF@9D74393.:.20 • daya +74F3: C3@9=3.=.D7C3BC3@9=3.:F4F@9=3@67@93@DF?47CE793@93@4A>3=43>. .  6.47C.3@ 4 B7CD3?33@3CFD 5 63J3C3E3C3E3J3@96.=FE   %  !  V = 300sin100t   .3@6.@ +. D.6 H #7#$ 3 "?B763@D.   67@93@        ! 63@     6.

 D7:.@993    .

.

   .

       .

   .

%        (>7:=3C7@3   C3@9=3.=363>3: % .:47CD.@6F=E.3CFD67@93@4763DF6FE83D7         .3@>74.     4 )7CD3?33@C3@9=3.83E.3@3CFD4A>3=43>.83E3FE793@93@3=3@ ?7@63:F>F.

D7C3BC3@9=3.@ +/  D.3@363>3:  E3@   ?3=35AD      % " %   5AD   5AD  .@ +N    5 3J3C3E3C3E3J3@96.   E3@           C36   %D.

.

      / .

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?3=DF667@93@ .#-#0.#*&#. Tes Kompetensi Subbab C '3.#/$6-6.#5+*#0  #7>3D=3@3B3J3@96.

8=F3E3CFD63@E793@93@4A>3=43>.= +74F3: D7EC.=3 >. +F?47C E793@93@ 3CFD 4A>3=43>.= 67@93@ :3?43E3@ .DEC.= 47D3C@J3  . 3 :3C93787=E.

C3E3C3E3F@EF= 5 :3C93=F3E3CFD63@E793@93@4A>3=43>.787=E.EF@9>3: 43>.kemdikbud.8@.C Induksi Elektromagnetik 163 DIUNDUH DARI: WWW.>3.?F?63@@.id) . 4 :3C93?3=D.=C3E3 3 E793@93@DF?47C C3E3 4 3CFDJ3@9?7@93>.= @.BUKUPAKET.>3.   6.>3.?F?=F3E3CFD63@E793@93@4A>3= :F4F@9=3@=7DF?47CE793@93@E7CD74FE!.COM Sumber buku (bse.?3=D.go.

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