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Coordinates: 6°4′10″S 107°10′8″E

Batujaya
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Batujaya is an archeological site located in the village
of Batujaya, Karawang in West Java, Indonesia. The site
is five square kilometers in area and comprises at least
30 structural[1] in what Sundanese call hunyur or unur
(high mounds of earth consisting of artifacts). Unur is
similar to the manapo found at the Muara Jambi
archaeological site.

The site was first found and examined by archaeologists
from the University of Indonesia in 1984. Excavations
have since uncovered 17 unur, of which three are in the
form of pools. The structures found are made of bricks Jiwa Temple in Batujaya archeological complex.
composed of a mixtures of clay and rice husks (vajra-
lepa), not volcanic rock which is difficult to find in
Batujaya. Two structures recovered are in the form of
temples, one of which, known as Jiwa Temple, has been
restored. According to Dr Tony Djubiantono, the head of
Bandung Archeology Agency, Jiwa was built in the 2nd
century.

As local Indonesian governments do not maintain the
site, Ford provides funds for research and excavation of
the Batujaya complex as part of its Conservation and
Environmental Grants.[2]

The discovery of this archaeological site was important The temples at Batujaya were built with bricks
as although it was the location of Tarumanagara, the containing rice hulls.
oldest Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Indonesia, West
Java lacks ancient temple remains. Before the
discovery, only four temple sites have been found in Batujaya, Karawang
West Java, namely they are Cangkuang temple (in
Garut), Ronggeng Temple, Pamarican Temple, and
Pananjung Temple (in Ciamis).

Preliminary research at Jiwa found that the temple was
built between the fifth and sixth centuries. This is
Location of Batujaya site, Karawang in Indonesia
based on the inscriptions found on numerous votive
Coordinates: 6°18′0″S 107°0′0″E
tablets discovered in the area, small clay tablets with
inscriptions and pictures of Buddha used in prayer. Country Indonesia
Prof. Dr. Budihartono (a senior anthropologist from Province West Java
University of Indonesia) proposed carrying out pollen
analysis for examining both the paleoenvironment and also cultural records, including evidence of diet and
food processing.

In and around the site is also discovered the fragments of Buni culture clay pottery, which suggests Buni
prehistoric clay culture spread across West Java northern coast was the predecessor of Batujaya site.

Advance technology has been applied for the construction with some of the floor and other parts of the
temple which require hardening made of unreinforced concrete with marble size stones and some of the

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R01) August 17.Batujaya . a non-profit organization.[3] See also Indonesia portal References 1. Arsitektur Bangunan Suci Masa Hindu-Budha di Jawa Barat. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.thejakartapost.thejakartapost.asp?fileid=20030816.R01) Archived (https://web.archive. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. 2004. Archived from the original on January 28. at the Wayback Machine.com:80 guide for Batujaya. "Candi Batujaya Dibangun dengan Teknologi Canggih". 2013. Teknologi Beton Dikenal Sejak Zaman Tarumanegara". at 09:18. /indonesia/batujaya. "Wah.asp?fileid=20030816. from Indonesian Wikipedia on 19 September 2005.the-spiceislands. Retrieved from "https://en. 2007..php?title=Batujaya&oldid=773587559" Categories: Buddhist temples in Indonesia Archaeological sites in Indonesia Cultural Properties of Indonesia in West Java This page was last edited on 3 April 2017. 2012. 2011. The Jakarta Post (http://www.24 . Retrieved November 22. 3.org Wikivoyage has a travel /web/20080522060250/http://www. additional terms may apply.archive.Wikipedia https://en. Jakarta. ISBN 979-8041-35-6 Percandian Batujaya.wikipedia.htm) Bambang Budi Utomo.org/w/index. Inc. External links The Spice Islands History (https://web. 2 dari 2 12/05/17 22. Kementrian Kebudayaan dan pariwisata. By using this site. 2.com/yesterdaydetail.org/web/20070817104849/http://www.org/wiki/Batujaya temple is also coated with a thick enough of stucco. June 3.wikipedia.com /yesterdaydetail.