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Kumar Ashish, Arun Shukla, Omkar A.Rai, Deepak Kr. Ray

Abstract There are many fields in scientific world which in antenna and array analysis with encouraging results.

requires fast processing even in complex networks. Neural To do so we need to designate some cells as input and others

network is a powerful data modelling tool that is able to capture as output cells to make things simpler.

and represent complex input output relationships. Fuzzy logic is

Hence neural network is just a function that takes in a few

a mathematical representation foranswering questions with

imprecise information. In this paper we are going to discuss

input numbers and outputs a few numbers and in between it

about the neural network and fuzzy logic and their difference. does some computation in hidden layer.

II. CALCULATIONS:

Index Terms neural network, fuzzy logic, back All the arrows indicate strength of

propagation connections(weights):m1,m2,m3,m4 between input and

hidden layer m5,m6,m7 between hidden and output layer.

I. INTRODUCTION

The main component of a neural network is neuron. Neurons

are connected to each other through path ways with

transmitted electrical signals. All the connections are parallel

and complex. Each cell is considered as mathematical

function. Each neuron has input and output when it receives

electrical impulses from a cell associated with other cells

connected. We have to put all the connections in order to get

proper outputs.[4][1]

An artificial neural network is an interconnected group of

nodes, akin to the vast network of neurons in a brain. Here,

each circular node represents an artificial neuron and an arrow

represents a connection from the output of one neuron to the N1=f(x1) n3=f(m1 *n1)

input of another. N2=f(x2) n4=f(m2* y1+m4*n2) and so on..

In machine learning and cognitive science, '''artificial neural

networks''' ('''ANNs''') are a family of statistical learning Backpropagation is an important factor which decides the

models inspired by biological neural networks (the central error(~).[4]it calculates the gradient of a loss function with

nervous systems of animals, in particular the brain) and are respects to all the weights in the network. The gradient is fed

used to estimate or Universal approximation theorem to the error solving method which updates the weights in

approximate. Function (mathematics) functions that can order to minimize the loss function.

depend on a large number of Argument of a function inputs ~3 = ~*m6

and are generally unknown. Artificial neural networks are ~4= ~*m7 and so on.

generally presented as systems of interconnected "artificial

neurons" which send messages to each other. The connections Fuzzy logic Fuzzy logic is a form of many-valued logic that

have numeric weights that can be tuned based on experience, deals with approximate, rather than fixed and exact reasoning.

making neural nets adaptive to inputs and capable of learning. Compared to traditional binary logic where variables may

take on two-valued logic true or false values, fuzzy logic

For example, a neural network for handwriting recognition is variables may have a truth value that ranges in degree between

defined by a set of input neurons which may be activated by 0 and 1. Fuzzy logic has been extended to handle the concept

the pixels of an input image. After being weighted and of partial truth, where the truth value may range between

transformed by a Function (mathematics) function completely true and completely false[3].

(determined by the network's designer), the activations of It uses fuzzy sets and fuzzy rules to model the world and make

these neurons are then passed on to other neurons. This decisions.

process is repeated until finally, an output neuron is activated. Fuzzy set It allows us to do with the situations which are not

This determines which character was read.[4] precise. Real world decisions are reasoning and uncertain.

Hence it is a collection of related items which belongs to set

Kumar Ashish, Department of electronics and telecommunication, that are assigned to different degrees.

BVDUCOEP, Maharashtra ,india Fuzzy rules Rules take partially true facts and finds out to

Arun Shukla, Department of electronics and telecommunication,

BVDUCOEP, Maharashtra ,india what degree they are true and then takes another fact making it

Omkar A.Rai, Department of electronics and telecommunication, true to that degree.

BVDUCOEP, Maharashtra ,india No. of such rules are combined and final decision is made.

Deepak Kr. Ray, Assistant professor, BVDUCOEP, Maharashtra, This whole process is called inference.

india

205 www.erpublication.org

Review of Fuzzy logic and Neural network

These are more likely common sense rules. We use words Parameters Fuzzy logic Neural network

rather than numbers for final results. Simplicity Simple Complex

Fuzzy sets are the terms used in fuzzy rules.

Speed Slower Faster

Accuracy Reasonable Better accuracy

Example

Limitations They are limited by its environment as all the

applications are done in open world and decisions change

minute by minute.

REFERENCES

[1] Prof. Dr. Eduardo Gasca A.,Artificial neural networks, Toluca

[2]Introduction to fuzzy logic, youtube.com

[3]Artificial neural network Wikipedia, www.m.ieee.org

[4]Eyad_zuraiqi_phd_thesis paper, Neural Network Field Programmable

Gate Array (FPGA) Controllers for Reconfigurable Antennas.

categories:tall and not tall. The boundary is considered as

crisp boundary which is not sufficient to tell the exact result.

In a fuzzy network it will tell that all the team members are tall

at certain degree.

Digital cameras

Cars

Washing machine

Networking devices[2]

III. CONCLUSIONS

Neural network learns through samples on a trial and error

basis. The goal of this type of network is to create a modelthat

correctly maps an input to the desired output using historical

data.

Fuzzy logic deals with reasoning that is approximate rather

than fixed and precise. They help decision makers to identify

and solve problems by compiling useful information from

data, personal knowledge and business models.

network

206 www.erpublication.org

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