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Computational Design for Sport

Buildings
Dr. MSc. Arch. Michela TURRIN
Assistant Professor Chair of Design Informatics - BK
Project Leader and Coordinator of “Computational Design for Sport Buildings”

‘Engineering the future Olympics’ | 14 Sept 2015 1

Sport - Who we are @ TOI

Prof. dr. Sevil Sariyildiz

Head of Design Informatics

ir Antonio D’Aquilio - Researcher Ding Yang – PhD Candidate

ir. Rusnė Šilerytė - Researcher Pan Wang – Visiting PhD

dr. Michela Turrin

Assistant Professor

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Research Funded by:

Development Grant – TUDelft Sports Engineering Institute

USE – Urban Systems and Environment

South China University of Technology
State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Architecture Science

China Schoolschip Council

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Joop Paul Peter von Buelow 4 .Current collaborations: South China University of Technology Yimin Sun Studio – Architectural firm Prof. Yimin Sun Ir. Shibo Ren Prof. dr. dr.

Sport Buildings and interdisciplinarity Design of Sport Buildings: • Complex buildings • Challenges for multiple disciplines • Complex multidisciplinary / interdisciplinary design process Interdisciplinarity 5 .

An introductory example: Iconic value. Architecture and Structural system Beijing National Stadium – architectural design by Herzog & de Meuron – Structural design by Arup 6 Image taken from web .

Turrin .Structural system as integral part of the architectural concept 7 Picture by M.

Turrin .Connectivity and paths pass through the structural system 8 Picture by M.

Connectivity and paths pass through the structural system 9 Picture by M.Turrin .

Turrin .Connectivity and paths pass through the structural system 10 Picture by M.

Turrin .Connectivity and paths pass through the structural system 11 Picture by M.

Turrin .Roof as part of the stectators’ experience 12 Picture by M.

Roof as part of the stectators’ experience 13 Picture by M.Turrin .

Turrin .System that needs to integrate the complex installations 14 Picture by M.

etc.Demanding requirements for lighting. 15 Picture by M. audio and visual systems.Turrin .

16 Source: Arup_Journal_1-2009 .

Turrin . audio and visual systems. etc. 17 Picture by M.Demanding requirements for lighting.

Long term plan and set of infrastrcutres for maintenance 18 Picture by M.Turrin .

Turrin .Long term plan and set of infrastrcutres for maintenance 19 Picture by M.

Challenging load bearing capacity 20 Picture by M.Turrin .

Source: Arup_Journal_1-2009 21 .

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http://www.tekla.com/references/olympic-stadium-birds-nest
Picture by M.Turrin

Detailing and use of materials

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Picture by M.Turrin

INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION

STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY BUDGET

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Image taken from web

STUDIES ON AN INITIAL CONFIGURATION Source: Arup_Journal_1-2009 25 .

PARAMETRIC INVESTIGATION STRUCTURAL GEOMETRY AND CONSTRUCTION COSTS 26 Source: Arup_Journal_1-2009 .

STUDIES ON FINAL CONFIGURATION Source: Arup_Journal_1-2009 27 .

28 Image taken from web .

Complexity 4D construction process simulation of the Stadium Zhenzhong Hu Jianping Zhang 29 .

30 Beijin exhibition .

31 Beijin exhibition .

32 Beijin exhibition .

33 Beijin exhibition .

34 Beijin exhibition .

35 Beijin exhibition .

com 36 Picture taken from web . 2000-2006 – Arata Isozaki & ARUP www. Turin.constructalia. The concept of flexibility Capable of being changed or adjusted to meet particular or varied needs • We look at the building scale Example: Turin 2006 Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Stadium. Italy.

constructalia.com . 37 Picture taken from web www.

38 Picture taken from web .

39 Picture taken from web .

40 Picture taken from web .

41 Picture taken from web .

42 Picture taken Picture from taken web from web .

43 Picture taken from web .

Multiple scenarios – multiple requirements Each scenario has different requirements • Functions and logistics. acoustics. • Climate comfort and needs for specific temperatures. Picture taken from web Picture taken from web 44 . • Etc. lighting conditions.

Beijing 2008 – Olympic Wrestling Design by Sun Yimin Studio .Architectural Design & Research Institute of South China University of Technology Picture taken from web Picture taken from web 45 .

Beijing 2008 – Olympic Badminton Design by Sun Yimin Studio .Architectural Design & Research Institute of South China University of Technology Picture taken from web Picture taken from web 46 .

How do we ensure that buildings perform properly in multiple / different scenarios? 47 .

. perception. ENVELOPE DESIGN requirements modularity. DESIGN design Surface paneling. profit. Efficient workflow COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN Costs. Interdisciplinary design requirements Interdisciplinary design criteria: • Each discipline has specific design priorities – related to design requirements • Sometime criteria are conflicting (DESIGN) CRITERIA INTERDISCIPLINARY DESIGN TEAM Functional. wind. investments.. STRUCTURAL DESIGN earthquakes. Comfort for athletes. MANAGEMENT 48 . CLIMATE DESIGN SCENARIO comfort for spectators. Structural stability... materials... iconic ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN values.

DESIGN SCENARIO SCENARIO Surface paneling. materials. Flexibility: multiple design requirements Multiple (interdisciplinary) design criteria: • For multifunctional buildings: each function implies specific design requirements (DESIGN) CRITERIA INTERDISCIPLINARY DESIGN TEAM Functional. Efficient workflow COMPUTATIONAL DESIGN Costs. MANAGEMENT 49 .. SCENARIO Comfort for athletes. Structural stability... investments.. ENVELOPE DESIGN modularity.. profit.. STRUCTURAL DESIGN earthquakes. perception. CLIMATE DESIGN comfort for spectators. wind. iconic ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN values.

ANHUI Province.) Numeric performance evaluation Sufficient uniform daylight (Coupling modelling softw. 2011-2015 Design by Sun Yimin Studio Project images and diagrams by Ding Yang Requirements Geometry Assessment Numeric performance evaluation Minimal volume (Data analysis in modelling softw. Geometry + performance simulations WUHU Swimming & Diving Hall. with daylight Absence of glare simulations) 50 .

Jacob Design Informatics: Milan Vloedbeld Climate Designer: Zhang. MinJung Envelope Designer: Chak Wai. Yunen 51 . L.XXL Workshop 2012 .MSc Students: Architect: Luuk Graamans Structural: Engineer Kim.

Azcárate. Wenjia Wang. Mira Conci. computational designer. envelope designer 52 . structural designer. architectural designer. Juan F.XXL Workshop 2013 – MSC Students: Osama Naij.

von Buelow – Michigan) For each discipline • Generate design alternatives > assess performances > computational search for best solutions Parametric model – set of variables 53 . Geometry. simulations + searchAlgorithms (with dr P.

simulations + searchAlgorithms (with dr P.Geometry.von Buelow – Michigan) For multiple disciplines • Generating design alternatives > assessing performances > choosing the best design solution 54 .

Ding Yang Example: Whuan sport hall Sun Yimin Studio breed 55 .

Antonio D’Aquilio Digital workflow Rusne Sileryte For natural ventilation and indoor thermal comfort • Generating design alternatives > assessing performances > choosing the best design solution 56 .

Example: Jiangmen centre Sun Yimin Studio 57 .

Structural des. evaluations Disciplinary perform. Muldisciplinary optimization Individual vs shared parameters: • Individual vs shared models: • Each discipline may need individual (parametric) models • Each overall workflow may need a core model • Individual vs shared parameters: • Some parameters are relevant for one discipline only. • Shared parameters are checked interdisciplinary before identifying the suitable solutions. evaluations Core Model Disciplinary perform. Envelope des. evaluations 58 . Climate des. Disciplinary perform. others for multiple disciplines.

Ding Yang Muldisciplinary optimization Preliminary results 59 .

Ding Yang Post-processing Preliminary results 60 .

• Performance can be simulated for multiple (parametric) design alternatives. • Optimization vs Optioneering. Conclusions • Flexibility needs the capacity to meet performance requirements for multiple scenarios. • Some performance simulations are challenging to include in the automatic loop. • The multidisciplinarity of the process needs to be addressed in the optimization process. • Search algorithms support the search for well-performing solutions (optimization). 61 .

Questions? M.nl ‘Engineering the future Olympics’ | 14 Sept 2015 62 .Turrin@tudelft.